Survey Operations

Current Recording Work Instruction

GR-SRV-451

Prepared by: Approved by:
1.0
Ver.

P.P. Syratt PJ Jansen
Issue for Use
Reason for Issue

Project Surveyor Chief Surveyor
Jan.17.02
Issue Date Prepared by Approved by

...........................................6 6..........1.............................................5 6............6 ROV INSTALLATION......... Copying and/or disclosure of the confidential information contained herein is prohibited without written permission of the proprietor..............................1......2 DOPPLER SHIFT SYSTEMS......5 6....... REFERENCES..........................................................................17...................4 6....................................................8 RECOVERY.................................doc .............................................. RESPONSIBILITIES.................................. When printed it is considered a FOR INFORMATION ONLY copy............... and it is the holder’s responsibility that he / she holds the latest valid version... TABLE OF CONTENTS 1..........................7 6.......1.......4 6........2...................................3 6..8 6..................... Copyright 2006 and design right reserved.............5 6.................................1.7 6...................................................................6 6............ The screen version of this document is the CONTROLLED COPY at all times..........................................................................................................3 ELECTROMAGNETIC SYSTEMS......................................................................................................................... PROCEDURES.............1 SYSTEM DESCRIPTION......0 Current Recording Work Instruction Page 2 of 9 This is an electronically generated document........................2..................................... 1......................................................................1 GENERAL................................4 6..........................2.....2 SYSTEM INSTALLATION AND OPERATION.......................................... Acergy or a subsidiary thereof..........................................................................................................7 6..................2...............8 /var/www/apps/conversion/tmp/scratch_1/157863116....................7 DEPLOYMENT..........1.......................3 5........................................4 IMPELLER / ROTOR SYSTEMS....................Acergy Survey Operations Jan...3 2........................... SCOPE..7 6. which has been reviewed and approved in accordance with the Acergy Management System.............. OBJECTIVE.......2................................................ DEFINITIONS.5 TILT.................................................02 GR-SRV-451 Ver.............................................................2....................................2.........................3 6...................3 3...........................6 SYSTEM SPECIFICATIONS..6 6.......................1.........4 WAVE MOTION............3 4............... An audit trail of review and approval is available within the electronic system.......................... ©.....5 DATA RECORDING......2 IN-LINE MOORING........................................2............3 U-MOORING..6 6..........1 MOBILISATION..........

RESPONSIBILITIES The Survey Manager is responsible for establishing and maintaining this document.Acergy Survey Operations Jan.doc . 3. OBJECTIVE The objective of this work instruction is to enable suitably qualified personnel to operate current meters in oceanographic support for both construction and marine survey operations.17. SCOPE This Work Instruction covers the installation and operation of various types of current recording systems available in the offshore market. 2. REFERENCES QA Practices QA Practice GR-SRV-051 GR-SRV-052 GR-SRV-053 GR-SRV-054 GR-SRV-056 GR-SRV-058 GR-SRV-061 GR-SRV-303 GR-SRV-304 GR-SRV-441 GR-SRV-443 : : Mobilisation and Demobilisation Shipping. DEFINITIONS ROV AUV DSU : : : Remote Operated Vehicle Autonomous Underwater Vehicle Data Storage Unit 5. Handling and Packing Route / Site Survey Operations Pre-Lay Survey Operations Umbilical / Cable Lay Support Laybarge Navigation Support Trenching Support Pipeline Ploughing and Backfilling Support Structure Installation Operations ROV Operations Practice AUV Operations Practice Atmospheric Pressure Monitoring Work Instruction Acoustic Release Work Instruction 4. Where necessary the operator should make reference to equipment manuals specific system maintenance and operating instructions.02 GR-SRV-451 Ver.0 Current Recording Work Instruction Page 3 of 9 1. PROCEDURES /var/www/apps/conversion/tmp/scratch_1/157863116. 1. It is the responsibility of all survey personnel involved in the installation and operation of current meters to comply with this procedure and provide any comments on improvements in this procedure to the Project Surveyor. 6. The Project Surveyor has the responsibility of implementing this procedure on relevant offshore projects.

1. Systems such as the S4 series of current meters manufactured by InterOcean Systems Inc have been designed to combat the effect of wave motion specific to shallow water and near shore environments. electromagnetic induction (InterOcean S4) or standard rotor (Aanderaa RCM 7 / 8)/ impeller (Valeport BFM308) rotation Self recording systems have been designed to take measurements at variable intervals and installed with solid state data recorders to facilitate long period deployment. Current Meters have also been designed to cope with varied and specific marine environments. environmental control. Direct reading current meters have the facility for efficient and compatible data transmission.2 Doppler Shift Systems Current velocities determined by Doppler Effect are derived by analysing the backscattered energy from small particles or bubbles in the water in response to transmitted high frequency pulses. Any frequency change detected by the transducers is related to the strength of the current flow.02 GR-SRV-451 Ver.1. As well as recording current velocity and direction. have designed both self and direct recording units for use in varied marine environments. the measurement of ocean currents by a moored instrument has been adapted as the standard method of obtaining information about the circulation of ocean waters. significant wave height and instrument depth. These specifications have been met as new technologies have been developed with the result that numerous designs are now available.0 Current Recording Work Instruction Page 4 of 9 6. systems have been designed to combine low drag with practical deployment.Acergy Survey Operations Jan. Current recording systems have evolved as greater accuracy. accuracy and high resolution. Manufacturers are continuing to update these systems as modern techniques are tested. the majority of current meters also provide the option of measuring a combination of water temperature. conductivity of the water. stability and resolution is demanded from the changing requirements of the offshore industry. turbidity and oxygen. 1. where as for high current regimes.17. 6. namely: Aanderaa and Valeport.doc . The main industry standards are listed below: • • • • Self / Direct Recording Systems Operational in Low / High Current Regimes Optional parameter measurement Full Depth rating There are two main manufacturers of current recording systems. For low current regimes systems have been developed for stability. /var/www/apps/conversion/tmp/scratch_1/157863116. hydrographic survey or construction support.1 6. operating using the principle of Doppler Effect (Aanderaa RCM 11).1 SYSTEM DESCRIPTION General Whether oceanographic research. amongst others. These companies. The depth rating of available systems varies from 500 to 6000 metres.

4 Impeller / Rotor Systems Current recording system fitted with impellers use a combination of magnets (fitted to the impeller) and reed switch to sense the rotation of the impeller. The vane orientates the system into the current to detect maximum velocity. 6.0 Current Recording Work Instruction Page 5 of 9 The current direction is found by taking the measurements along two orthogonal axes that are compensated for tilt and referred to Magnetic North by means of an internal compass. The system is powered using a single 9V internal battery.1. The interval selection differs between systems but general varies from every 60 seconds to once every 120 minutes. 6. the magnitude of the magnetic field and the length of the conductor (i. The number of current flow measurements recorded.17. the speed of rotation is proportional to the strength of current flow. The measured voltage is directly proportional to the water flow velocity. The speed and direction is determined by vector averaging computation. Two orthogonal pairs of electrodes and an internal flux gate compass provide the current vector.3 Electromagnetic Systems Electromagnetic current meters measure the voltage resulting from the motion of a conductor (water flow velocity) through a magnetic field according to Faraday’s law of electromagnetic induction. 1.1. /var/www/apps/conversion/tmp/scratch_1/157863116. will be determined by the interval selection and also on the number of additional parameters logged. 6. On recovery the data on memory can be downloaded to a computer using RS-232 link. All self-recording systems are installed with a DSU (Data Storage Unit) that allows the measured data to be stored internally.02 GR-SRV-451 Ver.e. A unique system (Valeport 803) has been developed for installation on a ROV.doc . The direction is sensed using a twin axis. In most systems the magnetic field is generated from driving a circular coil with a regulated alternating current. Fitted with a Tether Management System to unit provides measurement of local flow conditions. This system comprises two axis electromagnetic flow sensors to provide actual through the water speeds. the effective path between the sensing electrodes).5 Data Recording Self-recording current meters have the option of measuring current velocities at various time intervals. such as the DCM12 this can be triggered remotely. The selection is normally set prior to deployment but in some systems. gimballed flux gate compass.1.Acergy Survey Operations Jan. or the length of deployment.

0.1. such as the RCM 7. turbidity and oxygen. A direct reading current meter. complete with deployment instructions.01 .2.6 System Specifications The specifications of current recording systems vary between types.Acergy Survey Operations Jan. and approved by the client.doc . 6.2 In-Line Mooring Single Recorder Unit Array /var/www/apps/conversion/tmp/scratch_1/157863116. in turn. 6. The proximity to vessel traffic should be noted and warnings to local fishermen and shipping provided. The mooring should be fully constructed on the back deck prior to deployment with care taken in the position (and vertical alignment) of all current meters. Rope and instruments should be laid out neatly in the order of deployment to prevent snagging. As part of the set-up instructions a new battery should be installed.2. such as the BFM 108) is connected to a surface display unit by cable. 0. 6. the various presets. Sufficient mooring line and floatation buoys will be required so knowledge of the expected water depth and tidal range is imperative. conductivity of the water.02 – 0.1 SYSTEM INSTALLATION AND OPERATION Mobilisation The preparations required prior to deployment of current recording equipment are largely based on the mooring configuration adopted.0 m/s 0 . All current meters should be tested thoroughly prior to deployment. which.5.25° .0° Resolution 0.07 m/s 0.2 6. is dependent on the client specifications and the number of recording sites required.0.0 Current Recording Work Instruction Page 6 of 9 Some units.17. significant wave height and instrument depth. in rope length and the anchor weight.03 m/s.35°. In self-recording models. A detailed layout should be drawn up.03 – 5. Systems are capable of also measuring water temperature. are fitted with acoustic transducer for transmission to hydrophone receiver.360° 500 – 6000 m Accuracy 0. some generalisation of sensor capabilities can be made and are summarised below: Range Current Velocity Current Direction Depth Rating 0. 1. should be entered. However. such as record interval and depth of deployment. The update rate of current flow measurements is generally user selectable.02 GR-SRV-451 Ver.25° .

02 GR-SRV-451 Ver. 6. Additional floatation buoys will. 6. Although most current recorders can compensate for tilt up to 35 °. The installation consists of a twin anchor array separated by a floating rope for drag recovery. 1. 6. The separation between anchors should be 1. at a level or height above seabed where measurements are required.3 U-Mooring A U-mooring configuration is best suited to shallow water environments.5 x water depth.doc . The recorder unit should be positioned at the height above seabed where measurements are required. From the one anchor a surface buoy is attached.6 ROV Installation When mounted a current flow device on a ROV the unit should be positioned in clear flow above the vehicle with the x-axis monitoring flow across the vehicle and the y-axis monitoring flow towards the vehicle. Additional sub-surface floatation will be required at the top of the array. A series of current meters can be deployed in this arrangement. Ensure that the release unit is installed correctly (refer to Document Reference GR-SRV-443 Acoustic Release Work Instruction).2. additional current meters should be installed. Multiple Recorder Unit Array When more than one simultaneous measurement is required in the water column.2.0 Current Recording Work Instruction Page 7 of 9 The current meter is deployed in a vertical mooring line attached to an anchor by an acoustic release. however. such as the RCM 11 are fitted with axis tilt sensors that compensate for the effects of inclination. If sub-surface floatation is used an acoustic release will need to be attached to the anchor.Acergy Survey Operations Jan. Each unit should be positioned at the height above seabed where measurements are required and each separated by a series of floats.2. this acts as a retrieval float.5 Tilt Mooring frames with gimbals are commonly used in the deployment of current meters. The in-line mooring arrangement is suitable for use at any depth. /var/www/apps/conversion/tmp/scratch_1/157863116. along which the current meter is attached. The gimbal movement (approximately 20°) automatically levels the instrument when deployed on the seabed.2. Some current recorders.17. It is important that sub-surface floats with sufficient buoyancy be used so that the equipment rises to the surface on recovery. be required between installation to maintain buoyancy.4 Wave Motion The use of sub-surface floats is essential to avoid wave-induced motion in the mooring line. A series of sub-surface buoys are attached to the second anchor. 6. This can be optimised by minimising the amount of drag the mooring line by using as thin a line as possible. it is important to ensure the installation is a vertical as possible.

6. the first anchor should be deployed in a controlled manner over the stern complete with the drag recovery rope. If the surface buoy has been damaged or removed the system can still be recovered by grappling for the drag rope between anchors. The bridge should be updated at each stage in the operation. The vessel should set a steady course towards the deployment location at slow speed. On simpler. When using a crane for deployment. When deploying current meters from the stern of the vessel ensure that all ropes are laid out neatly on the back deck to prevent snagging.2.17. As each current meter is brought on board the units should be cleaned with fresh water and as soon as practically possible. The bridge should be updated at each stage in the operation. Ensure the anchor is of sufficient weight to prevent the array shifting position on the seabed. Once the surface buoy is on deck the first anchor should be lifted and brought on board.2. followed by each current meter in turn complete with additional floatation buoys. The vessel should be positioned as close as possible to the retrieval buoy so that the buoy can be gaffed and dragged over the stern. Care should be taken to prevent rope and chain from snagging beneath the vessel. especially in the propellers. the same safety precautions should be adopted during recovery. When using seabed mooring frames it is usual to attached this unit on the drag line between anchors.doc .8 Recovery The recovery of a U-mooring current meter installation is the reciprocal procedure as deployment. Using the drag recovery cable the second anchor should then be recovered. in-line moorings or crane deployment.Acergy Survey Operations Jan. Ensure the acoustic release is mounted in the correct orientation and the weight of the anchor is sufficient to maintain stability of the seabed. When the vessel is over the drop zone. The sub-surface buoy should be deployed first. ensure that sufficient tag lines are attached to stabilise equipment during deployment over the back deck. During the lift the sub-surface buoys will appear at the surface. A position fix should be logged on the navigation software by the on-line surveyor and recorded in the field logbook. the data should be downloaded onto the survey computer.02 GR-SRV-451 Ver.0 Current Recording Work Instruction Page 8 of 9 6. /var/www/apps/conversion/tmp/scratch_1/157863116.7 Deployment It is the responsibility of the Project Surveyor to ensure that all survey personnel are fully aware of the hazards of back deck operations and that the procedures for deployment are adhered to. Finally the second anchor should be deployed together with the surface recovery buoy. 1. When using acoustic release installations there is a requirement for only a single anchor.

0 Current Recording Work Instruction Page 9 of 9 /var/www/apps/conversion/tmp/scratch_1/157863116.Acergy Survey Operations Jan.02 GR-SRV-451 Ver. 1.17.doc .

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