Stolt Offshore

Survey Operations

Vibrocorer Work Instruction

GR-SRV-453

Prepared by : Approved by : 1.0
Version

P.P. Syratt P.J. Jansen

Project Surveyor Chief Surveyor
P.P. Syratt P.J. Jansen

Issue for use
Reason for Issue

Jan.17.02
Issue Date Prepared by Approved by

.................................... 1................................... OBJECTIVE......................................................3 4............17............................. PROCEDURES..3 6.............................3 5..............................3 3.................0 This is an electronically generated document which has been reviewed and approved in accordance with Stolt Offshore Limited’s Management System..4 .............................................................02 Page 2 of 8 Vibrocorer Work Instruction GR-SRV-453 Ver............................................................... REFERENCES.................................. An audit trail of review and approval is available within the electronic system and a master approved copy is available from the HSEQ Department......Stolt Offshore Division Process Date of Issue Stolt Offshore Survey Services Document Title: Survey Operations Document No & Revision Jan................................................................... SCOPE................................................3 2................................................................................... RESPONSIBILITIES.......................... DEFINITIONS....... The screen version of this document is the CONTROLLED COPY at all times............................................................................................... and it is the holder’s responsibility that he / she holds the latest valid version TABLE OF CONTENTS 1..... When printed it is considered a FOR INFORMATION ONLY copy..........................................................................................................................................................................................................

deployment and recovery of conventional and hydraulic Vibrocorer Systems. SCOPE This Work Instruction covers the description. including crane or winch operators. OBJECTIVE The objective of this work instruction is to enable suitably qualified personnel to operate vibrocorers in the various geotechnical surveys. The Senior Surveyor is responsible for carrying out the sampling operations in accordance with the client specifications and in line with the following procedure. It is the responsibility of the Senior Surveyor to ensure that all equipment is tested and fully operational according to the mobilisation procedures. The geotechnical results are used in corroboration with other available data. . Handling and Packing Route / Site Survey Operations Pre-Lay Survey Operations Geotechnical Operations Soil Sampling Practice 4. The Senior Surveyor should ensure that deployment / recovery instructions are in place and understood by all personnel involved with the deployment.0 1. The Senior Surveyor is also responsible that any damage or loss is reported to the Project Surveyor at the earliest opportunity. REFERENCES QA Practices QA Practice GR-SRV-051 GR-SRV-052 GR-SRV-066 GR-SRV-323 : : Mobilisation and Demobilisation Shipping. such as pipeline / cable routes and platform locations.02 Page 3 of 8 Vibrocorer Work Instruction GR-SRV-453 Ver 1. 2.Stolt Offshore Division Process Date of Issue Stolt Offshore Survey Services Document Title: Survey Operations Document No & Revision Jan.17. DEFINITIONS Hz Vpm V : : : Hertz Vibrations per minute Volt 5. 3. to facilitate the design of seabed installations. RESPONSIBILITIES It is the responsibility of the Senior Surveyor to ensure that all equipment mobilised is checked off the equipment manifesto.

Vibrocorers are just one of a variety of sampling equipment that can be used to obtain cylindrical cores of the sediment profile.Stolt Offshore Division Process Date of Issue Stolt Offshore Survey Services Document Title: Survey Operations Document No & Revision Jan. core barrel dimensions. Vibrocorers are generally used for the medium frequency range of between 20 and 180 Hz providing 1200 to 10800 Vpm. electric or hydraulic systems. There are various models of vibrocorers that essentially differ in terms of their portability (weight and geometry). 6. This is defined as the Vibrotorsional mode. Vibrocorer systems are designed provide energy from a vibration head to a core barrel or tube to assist its vertical penetration. force. core samplers are design for the collecting a depth sediment profile to provide material to establish the vertical distribution of sediments.1. The more typical modes of vibration have been named as Vibropercussive and Resonant Drive.1 PROCEDURES SYSTEM DESCRIPTION General Unlike grab samplers that are used for collecting surface sediments. 6. The advantage of such a combination is that vibrocorers can be deployed using the same deployment systems . On some models high-speed contra-rotating vibrators are coaxially positioned to enhance the penetration of the core barrel by adding a slight horizontal oscillatory torque to the vertical amplitude. Vibration heads have been designed to provide different vibration characteristics. At these frequencies between 12000 and 22000 Vpm are generated with amplitudes down to a fraction of a millimetre. The vibrations provide the means to displace the sediment particles and overcome the frontal resistance and wall friction. mode of vibration.02 Page 4 of 8 Vibrocorer Work Instruction GR-SRV-453 Ver 1. and consequent performance. power requirements and depth rating. which oppose the progress of the core barrel. The vibrocoring raises the pore pressure in water saturated sediments along the wall of the core barrel and generates a thin layer of liquefaction.0 It is the responsibility of all survey personnel involved in the installation and operation of coring equipment to comply with this procedure and provide any comments on improvements to the Project Surveyor.17. At higher frequencies of between 200 to 360 Hz is referred to as Resonant Mode. The choice. of each system will depend on the nature of the sediments sampled. Vibrocorers are often used in conjunction with piston / gravity coring tools to increase penetration and sample recovery in areas of hard bottom or sand. The type of core sampler used at particular sites will vary depending on the purpose of the survey and will be dictated by the project design. Amplitudes vary inversely to the frequency and vary from a few centimetres to a few millimetres.1 6. Vibrocorers can be classified as pneumatic.

Tubes.02 Page 5 of 8 Vibrocorer Work Instruction GR-SRV-453 Ver 1. The one-way valve on the top of the core barrel lets the water out during penetration. The choice of material is based on the balance of durability and weight. 230-460V. Liners and Catchers Core barrels / tubes are available in either steel or aluminium. therefore. particularly when penetrating dense sediments. In deep water operations.1. The size and weight of electric vibrocorers vary greatly from lightweight units to heavy duty. The use of compressors and bulky hoses impede ease of operation in rough seas. however. 50-60Hz power. but prevents the sample from sliding out while recovering.1. 6.4 Hydraulic Vibrocorer Systems Hydraulic systems comprise a self-contained fluid flow in equilibrium with its surroundings and so are not limited in depth of operation in the same respect as pneumatic vibrocorer systems.0 and can be quickly interchanged when required. operating faster to than the electrical equivalent. Steel cores are very strong but tend to corrode rapidly in salt water. .1. 6 m or 8m. 4 m. 6.17.1. vessel power supply or dedicated generator. Standard units are approximately 1000 kg in weight and have a depth rating of generally less than 500 metres. aluminium cores are lightweight but damage easily. clays. pneumatic systems run on compressed air and are. Core barrels are available in standard lengths of 3 m.2 Electric Vibrocorer Systems The most conventional vibrocorer systems are of the electrical type that can be run via an armoured umbilical cable on standard. 6. Conversely. dense sands and sandy gravels.3 Pneumatic Vibrocorer Systems Pneumatic piston vibrators operate with very little adjustment and required no electric power. They are designed to improve recovery of firm / stiff silts. limited to operations in shallow water. the deployment and recovery of electrical cables / hydraulic hoses can be difficult. with diameter in the order of 100 mm. However. Since a hydraulic generator is required it is the practical length of umbilical hose that is the determining factor.Stolt Offshore Division Process Date of Issue Stolt Offshore Survey Services Document Title: Survey Operations Document No & Revision Jan. Most hydraulic systems are depth rated to 1000 m. Hydraulic systems afford more than 5 times the installed power of conventional vibrocorer systems. 6.5 Core Barrels. 115/220V. Hydraulic vibrocorer systems are generally more bulky and heavier than electrical systems with vibration heads weighing typically 3000 kg offering penetration depth of between 6 and 7 metres. Other systems may require 3 phase. Clear PVC core liners are generally used to prevent contamination between samples.

Stolt Offshore Division Process Date of Issue Stolt Offshore Survey Services Document Title: Survey Operations Document No & Revision Jan.17. Prior to commencement of sampling operations the Senior Surveyor should review the full workscope. The corer should be released and deployed to the seabed in a controlled manner. A list of the proposed locations should be given to the on-line surveyor. The Survey Engineer should ensure the system is secure and tested as operational. particularly to hoses should be reported to the Project Surveyor at the earliest opportunity to arrange replacement. 6. conditions may dictate that the vessel position itself on anchor.2.02 Page 6 of 8 Vibrocorer Work Instruction GR-SRV-453 Ver 1. These are designed to secure to the core barrel / tube and prevent sample loss.2 Deployment The Senior Surveyor should ensure that deployment instructions are in place and understood by all personnel involved with the deployment including the winch operator. and winch cabling is in good order. Tag lines should be attached to the frame to maintain stability during deployment. 6. Vibrocorers are general deployed in a specially designed seabed frame that is deployed over the side by crane or over the stern using a pivotal ‘A’ frame and winch. The vibrocorers should be assembled in the seabed frame. Care should also be taken to ensure that all cables are keep clear of the vessel to prevent snagging especially in the vessel propellers. There should also be adequate core boxes for storage. The Survey Engineer should also ensure that generators or compressors to be used should be serviced and in full working order. Any loss. Prior to deployment the vessel should be positioned stationary at the proposed sample location. Ensure all core liners and tubes are cleaned thoroughly before use. Any repairs that can be undertaken on board should be carried out before commencement of the survey. To avoid unnecessary tension on cables or hoses. Sufficient core liners and replacement core catchers should be available for the duration of the coring program. The vessel should maintain station at the core site and remain on position while the vibrocorer is deployed and coring. all hoses are checked for breaks. This will obviously reduce the rate at which samples can be recovered from a number of sites.1 SYSTEM INSTALLATION AND OPERATION Mobilisation During mobilisation the equipment should be inspected to ensure it has not suffered any damage. omission or damage.2. . The requirements and specifications should be addressed and approved by the Client Representative onboard.0 Various tulip type core catchers are available to secure the end of the core barrel. particularly during periods of excessive sea state.2 6. The position of required coring locations should also be confirmed with the onboard geophysicist in consultation with survey data available.

17. 6.3 Operation When the vibrocorer frame reaches the seabed (when the winch cable goes slack) a position fix should be logged on the navigation software by the on-line surveyor and recorded in the field logbook. 6.02 Page 7 of 8 Vibrocorer Work Instruction GR-SRV-453 Ver 1. If fitted with a digital sensor. Once secured. of course. If not fitted with a depth sensor.2. either electrically or hydraulically. The system should be fastened before the core barrel is removed. Samples should be handled with care to avoid disturbance or damage. the Senior Surveyor should measure an estimate from the disturbed grease marks on the core barrel itself. Some vibrocorer systems are fitted with inclinometers that allow the operator to determine its verticality.2. Core liners should be removed and the sample placed in a core box for further analysis. Measurements of shear strength in cohesive soils are normally carried out immediately. the vessel should position itself directly over the vibrocorer in order to ease recovery of the core barrel and prevent core damage. Samples should be waxed and sealed prior to transfer to shore. Once the seabed frame is in place the vibration head should be activated. The core boxes should be sealed and labelled accordingly. During recovery attention should be given to securing the core head to the back deck as soon as possible using the tie lines attached. Some vibration heads can rotate to a horizontal position to facilitate the removal and reloading of the core liner. Any misalignment can be accommodated in the adjustment of the frame legs.Stolt Offshore Division Process Date of Issue Stolt Offshore Survey Services Document Title: Survey Operations Document No & Revision Jan.4 Recovery On completion of coring. the core barrel should be detached from the vibration head. stored and labelled in the correct manner.2. diameter of core barrel. Each sample should be separated from adjacent core samples to avoid contamination.0 6. weight of vibration head and. tested. The vibrocorer should be hoisted steadily to the surface. Any sudden movements or collision of the corer should be avoided to prevent unnecessary disturbance of the sample. sediment type. . The installation of a penetrometer probe on the core barrel provides allows the monitoring of tip resistance and sleeve friction during coring. The rate of penetration varies with mode of vibration. the Senior Surveyor should record in field log the depth of penetration of the core barrel.5 Sample Handling and Testing It is important that samples are handling. but in good conditions a 3 metre core should be achieved in minutes.

02 Page 8 of 8 Vibrocorer Work Instruction GR-SRV-453 Ver 1. .17.0 The handling of all samples should be carried out under the instruction of the Senior Surveyor.Stolt Offshore Division Process Date of Issue Stolt Offshore Survey Services Document Title: Survey Operations Document No & Revision Jan.

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