The Chaos

[D@ kA:.6s]

Gerard Nolst Trenit´ e
["Ge:rArt "nolst tre:nI"te:]

(1922) Dearest creature in creation ["dI@rIst "kri:tS@r In krI"eIS@n] Studying English pronunciation, ["st2dI.IN "i:NglIS pr@­n2nsI"eIS@n] I will teach you in my verse [aI wIl "ti:tS jU In maI "v3:s] Sounds like corpse, corps, horse and worse. ["saUndz laIk "kO:ps "kO: "hO:s @nd "w3:s] I will keep you, Susy, busy, [aI wIl "ki:p jU "sju:zI "bIzI] Make your head with heat grow dizzy; ["meIk j@ "hed wID "hi:t "gr@U "dIzI] Tear in eye, your dress you’ll tear; ["tI@r In "aI j@ "dres jUl "tE@] Queer, fair seer, hear my prayer. ["kwI@ "fE@ "sI@ "hI@ maI "prE@] Pray, console your loving poet, ["preI k@n"s@Ul j@ "l2vIN "p@U.It] Make my coat look new, dear, sew it! ["meIk maI "k@Ut "lUk "nju: "dI@ "s@U It] Just compare heart, hear and heard, ["dZ2st k@m"pE@ "hA:t "hI@ @nd "h3:d] Dies and diet, lord and word. ["daIs @nd "daI@t "lO:d @nd "w3:d] Sword and sward, retain and Britain ["sO:d @nd "swO:d rI"teIn @nd "brIt@n] (Mind the latter how it’s written). ["maInd D@ "læt@ haU Its "rIt@n] Made has not the sound of bade, ["meId hæz "n6t D@ "saUnd @v "bæd] Say—said, pay—paid, laid but plaid. ["seI "sed "peI "peId "leId b2t "plæd] Now I surely will not plague you ["naU aI "SU@lI "wIl n6t "pleIg ju:] With such words as vague and ague, [wID s2tS "w3:dz @z "veIg @nd "eIgju:] But be careful how you speak, ["b2t bI "kE@f@l "haU jU "spi:k] Say: gush, bush, steak, streak, break, bleak, ["seI "g2S "bUS "steIk "stri:k "breIk "bli:k] Previous, precious, fuchsia, via ["pri:vI.@s "preS@s "fju:S@ "vaI.@] Recipe, pipe, studding-sail, choir; ["resIpI "paIp "st2nseIl "kwaI.@] Woven, oven, how and low, ["w@Uv@n "2v@n "haU @nd "l@U] Script, receipt, shoe, poem, toe. ["skrIpt rI"si:t "Su: "p@UIm "t@U] Say, expecting fraud and trickery: ["seI Iks"pektIN "frO:d @nd "trik@rI] Daughter, laughter and Terpsichore, ["dO:t@ "lA:ft@r @nd t3:"psIk@rI] Branch, ranch, measles, topsails, aisles, ["brA:ntS "rA:ntS "mi:zlz "t6ps@lz/"t6pseIlz "aIlz] Missiles, similes, reviles. ["mIsaIlz "sIm@li:z rI"vaIlz] Wholly, holly, signal, signing, ["h@Uli "h6li "sIgn@l "saInIN] Same, examining, but mining, ["seIm Ig"zæmInIN b2t "maInIN] Scholar, vicar, and cigar, ["sk6l@ "vIk@r @nd sI"gA:] Solar, mica, war and far. ["s@Ul@ "maIk@ "wO:r @nd "fA:] From desire—desirable, admirable from admire, [fr@m dI"zaI@ dI"zaIr@b@l "ædmir@b@l
fr@m @d"maI@]

Lumber, plumber, bier, but brier, ["l2mb@ "pl2m@ "bI@ b2t "braI@] Topsham, brougham, renown, but known, ["t6ps@m "bru:.@m rI"naUn b2t "n@Un] Knowledge, done, lone, gone, none, tone, ["n6lIdZ "d2n "l@Un "gO:n "n2n "t@Un] One, anemone, Balmoral, ["w2n @"nem@nI bæl"m6r@l] Kitchen, lichen, laundry, laurel. ["kItS@n "laIk@n/laIh@n "lO:ndrI "l6r@l] Gertrude, German, wind and wind, [g3:t"ru:d "dZ3:m@n "wInd @nd "waInd] Beau, kind, kindred, queue, mankind, ["b@U "kaInd "kIndrId "kju: mæn"kaInd]

1

Tortoise, turquoise, chamois-leather, ["tO:t@s "t3:kwOIz "SæmI "leD@] Reading, Reading, heathen, heather. ["ri:dIN "redIN "hi:D@n "heD@] This phonetic labyrinth [DIs f@U"netIk "læbIrInT] Gives moss, gross, brook, brooch, ninth, plinth. ["gIvs "m6s "gr@Us "brUk "br@UtS "naInT
"plInT]

Have you ever yet endeavoured ["hæv jU "@v@ "jet In"dev@d] To pronounce revered and severed, [tU pr@"naUns rI"vI@d @nd "sev@d] Demon, lemon, ghoul, foul, soul, ["di:m@n "lem@n "gu:l "faUl "s@Ul] Peter, petrol and patrol? ["pi:t@ "petr@l @nd p@t"r@Ul] Billet does not end like ballet; ["bilit "d2z n@t "end laIk "bælei] Bouquet, wallet, mallet, chalet. ["bUkeI "w6lit "mælit "Sælei] Blood and flood are not like food, ["bl2d @nd "fl2d A: "n6t laIk "fu:d] (!!!) Nor is mould like should and would. ["no:r Iz "m@Uld laIk "SUd @nd "wUd] (!!!) Banquet is not nearly parquet, ["bænkwit "Iz n@t "nI@lI "pA:keI] (!!!) Which exactly rhymes with khaki. [wItS Ig"zæktli raImz wiD "kA:kI] (!!!) Discount, viscount, load and broad, ["dIskaUnt "vaIkaUnt "l@Ud @nd "brO:d] Toward, to forward, to reward, ["t@U@d tU "fO:w@d tU rI"wO:d] Ricocheted and crocheting, croquet? ["rIk@SetId @nd "kr@USeI.IN kr@U"kei] Right! Your pronunciation’s OK. ["raIt "jO: pr@­n2nsI"eIS@ns @U"keI] Rounded, wounded, grieve and sieve, ["raUndId "wu:ndId "gri:v @nd "sIv] Friend and fiend, alive and live. ["frend @nd "fi:nd @"laIv @nd "lIv] Is your “r” correct in higher? ["Iz j@r "A: k@"rekt In "haI@] Keats asserts it rhymes Thalia. ["ki:ts @"s3:ts It "raImz T@"laI@] Hugh, but hug, and hood, but hoot, ["hju: b2t "h2g @nd "hUd b2t "hu:t] Buoyant, minute, but minute. ["bOI@nt "mInIt b2t maI"nju:t] Say abscission with precision, [seI æb"siZ@n wID prI"sIZ@n] Now: position and transition; [naU p@"ziS@n @nd træn"zIZ@n/træn"sIZ@n] Would it tally with my rhyme ["wu:d It "tæli wiD maI "raIm] If I mentioned paradigm? ["If aI "menS@nd ­pær@"daIm] Twopence, threepence, tease are easy, ["t2p@ns "Trep@ns "ti:z A:r "i:zI] But cease, crease, grease and greasy? ["si:s "kri:s "gris @nd "gri:zI] Cornice, nice, valise, revise, ["kO:n@s/"kO:nIS "naIs v@"li:s rI"vaIz] Rabies, but lullabies. ["reIbIz "b2t "l2l@­baIz] Of such puzzling words as nauseous, ["6v s2tS "p2zlIN "w3:dz @z "nO:S@s] Rhyming well with cautious, tortious, [raImIN wel wID "kO:S@s "tO:S@s] You’ll envelop lists, I hope, ["ju:l In"vel@p "lIsts aI "h@Up] In a linen envelope. [In @ "lIn@n "env@­l@Up] Would you like some more? You’ll have it! ["wu:d jU "laIk s@m "mO: jUl "hæv It] Affidavit, David, davit. [­æf@"deIvIt "deIvId "dævIt] To abjure, to perjure. Sheik ["tu: @b"dZU@ tU "p3:dZ@ "SeIk] Does not sound like Czech but ache. ["d2z n@t "saUnd laIk "tSek b2t "eIk] Liberty, library, heave and heaven, [lI"b3:tI "laIbr@rI "hi:v @nd "hev@n] Rachel, loch, moustache, eleven. ["reItS@l "l6k "m@stæS/m@"stæS I"lev@n] We say hallowed, but allowed, ["wi: seI "hæl@Ud b2t @"laUd] People, leopard, towed but vowed. ["pi:pl "lep3:d "t@Ud b2t "vaUd]

2

Mark the difference, moreover, ["mA:k D@ "dIfr@ns mO:"r@Uv@] Between mover, plover, Dover. [bI"twi:n "mu:v@ "pl@v@ "d@Uv@] Leeches, breeches, wise, precise, ["li:tSIz "brItSIz "waIz prI"saIs] Chalice, but police and lice, ["tSælIs b2t p@"li:s @nd "laIs] Camel, constable, unstable, ["kæm@l "k6nst@b@l 2n"steIb@l] Principle, disciple, label. ["prInsIp@l dI"saIp@l "leIb@l] Petal, penal, and canal, ["pet@l "pi:n@l @nd k@"næl] Wait, surmise, plait, promise, pal, ["weIt s@"maIz/"s@maIz "plæt "pr6mIs "pæl] Suit, suite, ruin. Circuit, conduit ["sju:t "swi:t "ru:.In "s3:kIt "k6ndIt] Rhyme with “shirk it” and “beyond it”, [raIm wID "S3:k It @nd bI"j6nd It] But it is not hard to tell ["b2t It "Is n@t "hA:d tU "tel] Why it’s pall, mall, but Pall Mall. ["waI Its "pO:l "mO:l b2t pel"mel] Muscle, muscular, gaol, iron, ["m2s@l "m2skj@l@ "dZeIl "aI@n] Timber, climber, bullion, lion, [tImb@ "klaIm@ "bUlj@n/"bUlj6n "laI@n] Worm and storm, chaise, chaos, chair, ["w3:m @nd "stO:m "SeIz "kA:.6s "tSE@] Senator, spectator, mayor, ["sen@t@ spek"teIt@ "mE@] Ivy, privy, famous; clamour ["aIvI "prIvI "feIm@s "klæm@] Has the a of drachm and hammer. ["hæz DI "eI @v "dræm @nd "hæm@] Pussy, hussy and possess, ["pUsI "h2sI "ænd p@"zes] Desert, but desert, address. ["dez@t "b2t dI"z3:t @"dres] Golf, wolf, countenance, lieutenants ["g6lf "wUlf "kaUt@n@ns lef"ten@nts] Hoist in lieu of flags left pennants. ["hOIst In "lu: @v "flægz left "pen@nts] Courier, courtier, tomb, bomb, comb, ["kUri:.@ "kO:ti:.@ "tu:m "b6m "k@Um] Cow, but Cowper, some and home. ["kaU b2t "ku:p@ "s2m @nd "h@Um] “Solder, soldier! Blood is thicker”, ["s6d@ "s@UldZ@ "bl2d Iz "TIk@] Quoth he, “than liqueur or liquor”, ["kw@UT hI "Dæn lI"k3:/lIkU@/lIkjU@ O: "lIk@] Making, it is sad but true, ["meIkIN "It Iz "sæd b2t "tru:] In bravado, much ado. ["In br@"vA:d@U m2tS @"du:] Stranger does not rhyme with anger, ["streIndZ@ "d2z n@t "raIm wID "æNg@] Neither does devour with clangour. ["naID@/"ni:D@ "d2z dI"vaU@ wID "klæNg@] Pilot, pivot, gaunt, but aunt, ["paIl@t "pIv@t "gO:nt b2t "A:nt/"ænt] (!!!) Font, front, wont, want, grand and grant. ["f6nt "fr2nt "wO:nt/"w@Unt/"w@nt/"w6nt "wO:nt/"w6nt/"w@nt "grænd @nd "grænt] (!!!) Arsenic, specific, scenic, ["A:s@nIk spI"sIfIk "si:nIk] Relic, rhetoric, hygienic. ["relIk "ret@rIk ­haI"dZi:nIk] Gooseberry, goose, and close, but close, ["gUz­berI "gu:s @nd "kl@Uz b2t "kl@Us] Paradise, rise, rose, and dose. ["pær@­daIs "raIz "r@uz @nd "d@Us] Say inveigh, neigh, but inveigle, ["seI In"veI "neI b2t In"veIg@l/In"vi:g@l] Make the latter rhyme with eagle. ["meIk D@ "læt@ "raIm wID "i:g@l] Mind! Meandering but mean, ["maInd mi:"ænd@rIN b2t "mi:n] Valentine and magazine. ["væl@n­taIn @nd ­mæg@"zi:n] And I bet you, dear, a penny, ["ænd aI "bet jU "dI@r @ "penI] You say mani-(fold) like many, [ jU "seI "mæn@­f@Uld laIk "menI] Which is wrong. Say rapier, pier, ["wItS Is "r6N seI "reIpi:.@ "pI@] Tier (one who ties), but tier. ["taI@ "w2n hu: "taIz b2t "tI@]

3

Arch, archangel; pray, does erring ["A:tS "A:k­eIndZ@l "preI d2z "3:rIN] Rhyme with herring or with stirring? ["raIm wID "herIN "O: wID "st3:rIN] Prison, bison, treasure trove, ["prIz@n "baIs@n "treZ@ "tr@Uv] Treason, hover, cover, cove, ["tri:z@n "h@v@/"h6v@ "k@v@ "k@Uv] Perseverance, severance. Ribald [­p3:s@"vIr@ns "sev@r@ns "rIb@ld] Rhymes (but piebald doesn’t) with nibbled. ["raImz b2t "paIbO:ld "d2znt wID "nIb@ld] Phaeton, paean, gnat, ghat, gnaw, ["feI@t@n "pi:.@n "næt "gO:t "nO:] Lien, psychic, shone, bone, pshaw. ["li:.@n "saIkIk "S6n "b@Un "SO:] Don’t be down, my own, but rough it, ["d@Unt bi: "daUn maI "@Un b2t "r2f It] And distinguish buffet, buffet; ["ænd dIs"tINgwIS bu:"feI "b2f@t] Brood, stood, roof, rook, school, wool, boon, [bru:d stUd ru:f rUk sku:l wUl bu:n] Worcester, Boleyn, to impugn. ["wUst@ "bUlIn "tu: Impju:n] Say in sounds correct and sterling ["seI In "saUndz k@"rekt @nd "st3:lIN] Hearse, hear, hearken, year and yearling. ["h3:s "hI@ "hA:k@n "jI@r @nd "j3:lIN] Evil, devil, mezzotint, ["i:vIl "devIl ­mets@U"tInt] Mind the z! (A gentle hint.) ["maInd D@ "zi: @ "dZent@l "hInt] Now you need not pay attention ["naU jU "ni:d n@t "peI @"tenS@n] To such sounds as I don’t mention, [­tu: s2tS "saUndz @z "aI d@Unt "menS@n] Sounds like pores, pause, pours and paws, ["saUndz laIk "pO:z "pO:z "pO:z @nd "pO:z ] Rhyming with the pronoun yours; ["raImIN wID D@ "pr@u­naUn "jO:z] Nor are proper names included, ["nO:r A: "pr6p@ "neImz In"klu:dId] Though I often heard, as you did, ["D@U aI "O:f@n "h3:d @z "ju: dId] Funny rhymes to unicorn, ["f2nI "raImz tU ­ju:nI"kO:n] Yes, you know them, Vaughan and Strachan. ["jes jU "n@U D@m "vO:n @nd "strO:n] No, my maiden, coy and comely, ["n@u maI "meId@n "kOI @nd "k2mlI] I don’t want to speak of Cholmondeley. ["aI d@nt "w6nt t@ "spi:k @v "tS2mlI] No. Yet Froude compared with proud ["n@U jet "fru:d c@m"pE@d wID "praUd] Is no better than McLeod. ["Iz n@U "bet@ "Dæn mæk"laUd] But mind trivial and vial, ["b2t maInd "trIvi:.@l @nd "vaI@l] Tripod, menial, denial, ["traIp6d "mi:ni:@l/"mi:nj@l dI"naI@l] Troll and trolley, realm and ream, ["tr@Ul @nd "tr6lI "relm @nd "ri:m] Schedule, mischief, schism, and scheme. ["Sedju:l "mIstSIf "siz@m/"skiz@m/"S iz@m
"ski:m]

@nd

Argil, gill, Argyll, gill. Surely ["A:dZIl "gIl "A:gIl "dZIl "SO:lI] May be made to rhyme with Raleigh, ["meI bi: "meId tU "raIm wID "rO:lI] But you’re not supposed to say ["b2t jU@ "n6t s@"p@Uzd tU "seI] Piquet rhymes with sobriquet. [pI"ket/pI"keI raImz wID ­s@UbrI"keI/­s@UbrI"ket] Had this invalid invalid [hæd DIs "Inv@­li:d In"vælId] Worthless documents? How pallid, ["w3:TlIs "d6kj@m@nts haU "pælId] How uncouth he, couchant, looked, ["haU 2n"ku:T hi: "kaUtS@nt "lUkt] When for Portsmouth I had booked! ["wen fO: "pO:tsm@T "aI hæd "bUkt] Zeus, Thebes, Thales, Aphrodite, ["zu:s "Ti:bz "TeIli:z ­æfr@"daIti:] Paramour, enamoured, flighty, ["pær@­mU@ In"æm@d "flaItI] Episodes, antipodes, ["epI­s@Udz æn"tIp@­di:z] Acquiesce, and obsequies. [­ækwi:."es @nd "6bs@kwi:z]

4

Please don’t monkey with the geyser, ["pli:z d@Unt "m2nki: "wID D@ "geIz@] Don’t peel ’taters with my razor, ["d@unt pi:l "teIt@z "wID maI "reIz@] Rather say in accents pure: ["rA:D@ "seI In "æksents "pjU@] Nature, stature and mature. ["neItS@ "stætS@r "ænd m@"tjU@] Pious, impious, limb, climb, glumly, ["paI@s "Impi:.@s/Im"paI.@s "lIm "klaIm "gl2mlI] Worsted, worsted, crumbly, dumbly, ["wUstId "w3:stId "kr2mblI "d2mlI] Conquer, conquest, vase, phase, fan, ["k6Nk@ "k6Nkwest/"k6Nkw@st "vA:z "feIz "fæn] Wan, sedan and artisan. ["w6n sI"dæn @nd A:tI"zæn] The th will surely trouble you [D@ "ti: "eItS wIl Su@lI "tr2b@l jU:] More than r, ch or w. [mO: "Dæn "A: "si: "eItS O: "d2b@l jU:] Say then these phonetic gems: ["seI D@n "Di:z f@"netIk "dZemz] Thomas, thyme, Theresa, Thames. ["t6m@s "taIm t@"reIs@/t@"reIz@ "temz] Thompson, Chatham, Waltham, Streatham,
"stret@m] ["t6ms@n "tSæt@m "wO:lt­hæm/wO:lt@m

There are more but I forget ’em— ["DE@r A: "mO: b2t "aI f@"get@m] Wait! I’ve got it: Anthony, ["weIt aIv "g6t It "ænt@nI] (!!!) Lighten your anxiety. ["laIt@n "jO:r æN"zaI@tI] (!!!) The archaic word albeit [­DI A:"keI.Ik "w3:d O:l"bi:It] Does not rhyme with eight—you see it; ["d2z n@t "raIm wID "eIt jU "si: With and forthwith, one has voice, ["wID @nd fO:T"wIT "w2n h@z "vOIs] One has not, you make your choice. ["w2n h@z "n6t jU "meIk j@ "tSOIs]
It]

Shoes, goes, does. Now first say: finger; ["Su:z "g@Uz "d2z naU "f3:st seI "fINg@] Then say: singer, ginger, linger. ["Den seI "sIN@ "dZINdZ@ "lINg@] Real, zeal, mauve, gauze and gauge, ["ri:.@l/"ri:l "zi:l "mO:v/"m@Uv "gO:z @nd "geIdZ] Marriage, foliage, mirage, age, ["mærIdZ "f@Uli:.IdZ mI"rA:Z "eIdZ] Hero, heron, query, very, ["hIr@U "her@n "kwIrI/"kwerI "verI] Parry, tarry fury, bury, ["pærI/"perI "tærI/"terI "fjUrI "berI] Dost, lost, post, and doth, cloth, loth, ["d2st "lO:st "p@Ust @nd "d2T "clO:T "l@UT] Job, Job, blossom, bosom, oath. ["dZ6b "dZ@Ub "bl6s@m "bUz@m "@UT] Faugh, oppugnant, keen oppugners, [f"O:(k) @"pju:n@nt "ki:n @"pju:n@z] Bowing, bowing, banjo-tuners ["b@UIN "baUIN ­bændZ@U"tju:n@z] Holm you know, but noes, canoes, ["h@Um jU "n@U b2t "n@Uz k@"nu:z] Puisne, truism, use, to use? ["pju:nI "tru:.Iz@m "ju:s tU "ju:z] Though the difference seems little, ["D@U D@ "dIf@r@ns/"dIfr@ns "si:mz "lIt@l] We say actual, but victual, ["wi: seI "æktSU@l "b2t "vIt@l] Seat, sweat, chaste, caste, Leigh, eight, height, ["si:t "swet "tSeIst "kA:st "li: Put, nut, granite, and unite. ["pUt "n2t "grænIt "ænd jU"naIt] Reefer does not rhyme with deafer, ["ri:f@ "d2z n@t "raIm wID "def@] Feoffer does, and zephyr, heifer. ["fef@ "d2z @nd "zef@ "hef@] Dull, bull, Geoffrey, George, ate, late, ["d2l "bUl "dZefrI "dZO:dZ "et/eIt "leIt] Hint, pint, senate, but sedate. ["hInt "paInt "sen@t "b2t sI"deIt] Gaelic, Arabic, pacific, ["geIlIk/"gælIk/"gA:lIk "ær@bIk p@"sIfIk] Science, conscience, scientific; ["saI@ns "k6nSens ­saI@n"tIfIk] Tour, but our, dour, succour, four, ["tU@ b2t "aU@/"A: "dU@/"daU@ "s2k@ "fO:] Gas, alas, and Arkansas. ["gæs @"læs @nd "A:k@n­sO:]

"eIt "haIt]

5

Say manoeuvre, yacht and vomit, ["seI m@"nju:v@ "y6t @nd "v6mIt] Next omit, which differs from it ["nekst @U"mIt wItS "dIf@z "fr6m It] Bona fide, alibi ["b@Un@­faIdI "ælI­baI] Gyrate, dowry and awry. ["dZaI­reIt "daUrI "ænd @"raI] Sea, idea, guinea, area, ["si: aI"di:.@ "gInI "eri:.@/"eI ri:.@] Psalm, Maria, but malaria. ["sA:m m@"ri:@ "b2t m@"lE@ri:.@] Youth, south, southern, cleanse and clean, ["ju:T "saUT "s2D@n "klenz @nd "kli:n] Doctrine, turpentine, marine. ["d6ktrIn "t3:p@n­taIn m@"ri:n] Compare alien with Italian, [k@m"pE@r "æli:.@n wID I"tælj@n/aI"tælj@n/] Dandelion with battalion, ["dændI­laI@n wID b@"tælj@n] Rally with ally; yea, ye, ["rælI "wID @"laI "jeI "ji:] Eye, I, ay, aye, whey, key, quay! ["aI "aI "aI "eI "weI "ki: "ki:/"keI/"kweI] Say aver, but ever, fever, ["seI @"v3: b2t "ev@ "fi:v@] Neither, leisure, skein, receiver. ["naID@/"ni:D@ "li:Z@/"leZ@/"leIZ@ "skeIn rI"si:v@] Never guess—it is not safe, ["nev@ "ges It "Iz n@t "seIf ] We say calves, valves, half, but Ralf. ["wi: seI "kA:vz "vælvz "hA:f b2t "reIf/"rA:f/"rA:lf ] Starry, granary, canary, ["stA:rI "greIn@rI/"græn@rI k@"nE@rI] Crevice, but device, and eyrie, ["krevIs "b2t dI"vaIs @nd "E@rI/I@rI/eIrI] Face, but preface, then grimace, ["feIs b2t "pref@s "Den grI"meIs/"grIm@s] Phlegm, phlegmatic, ass, glass, bass. ["flem fleg"mætIk "æs glA:s "beIs] Bass, large, target, gin, give, verging, ["bæs "lA:dZ "tA:gIt "dZIn "gIv v3:dZIN] Ought, oust, joust, and scour, but scourging; ["O:t "aUst "dZaUst/"dz2st/dZu:st @nd "skaU@
b2t "sk3:dZIN/"skO:dZIN/"skU@dZIN]

Ear, but earn; and ere and tear ["I@ b2t "3:n @nd "E@r @nd "tE@] Do not rhyme with here but heir. ["du: n@t "raIm wID "hI@ b2t "E@] Mind the o of off and often ["maInd D@ "@U @v "O:f @nd "O:f@n/O:ft@n] Which may be pronounced as orphan, ["wItS meI "bi: pr@"naUnst @z "O:f@n] With the sound of saw and sauce; ["wID D@ "saUnd @v "sO: @nd "sO:s] Also soft, lost, cloth and cross. ["O:ls@U "s6ft/"sO:ft "l6st/"lO:st "kl6T/"klO:T @nd "kr6s/"krO:s] Pudding, puddle, putting. Putting? ["pUdIN "p2d@l "pUtIN "p2tIN] Yes: at golf it rhymes with shutting. ["jes @t "g6lf/"gO:lf It "raImz wID "S2tIN] Respite, spite, consent, resent. ["respIt/"res­paIt "spaIt k@n"sent rI"zent] Liable, but Parliament. ["laI@b@l b2t "pA:l@m@nt] Seven is right, but so is even, ["sev@n Iz "raIt b2t "s@U Iz "i:v@n] Hyphen, roughen, nephew, Stephen, ["haIf@n "r2f@n "nevju:/"nefju: "sti:v@n] Monkey, donkey, clerk and jerk, ["m2NkI "d6NkI/"dO:NkI "klA:k/"kl3:k @nd "dZ3:k] Asp, grasp, wasp, demesne, cork, work. ["æsp "græsp "w6sp/"wO:sp dI"meIn/dI"mi:n kO:k
w3:k]

A of valour, vapid vapour, ["eI @v "væl@ "væpId/"veIpId "veIp@] S of news (compare newspaper), ["es @v "nju:z k@m"pE@ "nju:s­peIp@/"nju:z­peIp@] G of gibbet, gibbon, gist, ["dZi: @v "dZIbIt "gIb@n "dZIst] I of antichrist and grist, ["aI @v "ænti:­kraIst/"æntaI­kraIst @nd "grIst] Differ like diverse and divers, ["dIf@ "laIk daI"v3:s @nd "daIv@z] Rivers, strivers, shivers, fivers. ["rIv@z "straIv@z "SIv@z "faIv@z] Once, but nonce, toll, doll, but roll, ["w2ns b2t "n6ns "t@Ul "d6l/"dO:l b2t "r@Ul] Polish, Polish, poll and poll. ["p6lIS "p@UlIS "p@Ul @nd "p@ul] (!!!)

6

Pronunciation—think of Psyche!— [pr@­n2nsI"eIS@n "TINk @v "saIkI] Is a paling, stout and spiky. ["Iz @ "peIlIN "staUt @nd "spaIkI] Won’t it make you lose your wits ["w@Unt It "meIk jU "lu:z j@ "wIts] Writing groats and saying “grits”? ["raItIN "gr@Uts/"grits @nd "seI.IN "grIts] It’s a dark abyss or tunnel ["Its @ "dA:k @"bIs O: "t2n@l] Strewn with stones like rowlock, gunwale, ["stru:n wID "st@Unz laIk "r6l@k/"rO:l@k "g2n@l] Islington, and Isle of Wight, ["IzlINt@n @nd "aIl @v "waIt] Housewife, verdict and indict. ["haUs­waIf/"h2z@f "v3:dIkt @nd In"daIt] Don’t you think so, reader, rather, ["d6nt jU "TINk s@U "ri:d@ "rA:D@] Saying lather, bather, father? ["seI.IN "læD@ "beID@ "fA:D@] Finally, which rhymes with enough, ["faIn@lI "wItS "raImz wID I"n2f ] Though, through, bough, cough, hough, sough, tough?? ["D@U
"saU/"s2f "t2f ]

"Tru: "baU "k6f "h6k

Hiccough has the sound of sup... ["hIk2p "hæz D@ "saUnd @v "s2p] My advice is: GIVE IT UP! ["maI @d"vaIs Iz "gIv It "2p]

Transcription into IPA symbols by Łukasz Dębowski ["wukaS dEm"bOfsci], 2008–2010. Many thanks to Marcin Fiskiewicz for noticing some inaccuracies. If you notice more mistakes please send an email to ldebowsk@poczta.onet.pl.
A You can use the L TEX commands as in the IPA subcharts on the following pages.

7

The IPA chart for English (British pronunciation)

p b t d tS dZ k g f v T D s z S Z h m n N l r (ô) w j

pen, tip but, web two, bet do, odd chair, teach joy, edge cat, thick go, beg f ool, leaf voice, have thing, teeth this, breathe see, pass zoo, rose she, leash pleasure, beige ham man no singer, ring left, bell run, very we yes

A: i: I e 3: æ 2 6 O: U u: @ eI aI OI @U (OU) aU I@ E@ U@

f ather, arm see city bed bird cat, ran run, enough not, wasp law, caught put soon, through about, winner

day my boy no now near, here hair, there tour

A The L TEX source using tipa.sty commands

\usepackage[dvipsnames]{color} \usepackage{url} \usepackage{alltt} \usepackage[T1]{tipa} %%\usepackage[OT4]{tipa} % nope!! \usepackage[OT4]{fontenc} ... \newcommand{\Tini}[1]{{\huge\textbf{\textipa{#1}}}} \newcommand{\var}[1]{#1} \begin{tabular}{l@{$\quad$}l} \Tini{p}& \textbf{p}en, ti\textbf{p} \\ \Tini{b}& \textbf{b}ut, we\textbf{b} \\ \Tini{t}& \textbf{t}wo, be\textbf{t} \\ \Tini{d}& \textbf{d}o, o\textbf{dd} \\ \Tini{tS}& \textbf{ch}air, tea\textbf{ch} \\ \Tini{dZ}& \textbf{j}oy, e\textbf{dge} \\ \Tini{k}& \textbf{c}at, thi\textbf{ck} \\ \Tini{g}& \textbf{g}o, be\textbf{g} \\ \Tini{f}& \textbf{f}ool, lea\textbf{f} \\ \Tini{v}& \textbf{v}oice, ha\textbf{ve} \\ \Tini{T}& \textbf{th}ing, tee\textbf{th} \\ \Tini{D}& \textbf{th}is, brea\textbf{the} \\ \Tini{s}& \textbf{s}ee, pa\textbf{ss} \\ \Tini{z}& \textbf{z}oo, ro\textbf{se} \\ \Tini{S}& \textbf{sh}e, lea\textbf{sh} \\ \Tini{Z}& plea\textbf{s}ure, bei\textbf{ge} \\ \Tini{h}& \textbf{h}am \\ \Tini{m}& \textbf{m}an \\ \Tini{n}& \textbf{n}o \\ \Tini{N}& si\textbf{ng}er, ri\textbf{ng} \\ \Tini{l}& \textbf{l}eft, be\textbf{ll} \\ \Tini{r \var{(\*r)}}& \textbf{r}un, ve\textbf{r}y \\ \Tini{w}& \textbf{w}e \\ \Tini{j}& \textbf{y}es \\ \end{tabular} $\qquad$ \begin{tabular}{l@{$\qquad$}l} \Tini{A:}& f\textbf{a}ther, \textbf{ar}m \\ \Tini{i:}& s\textbf{ee} \\ \Tini{I}& c\textbf{i}ty \\ \Tini{e}& b\textbf{e}d \\ \Tini{3:}& b\textbf{ir}d \\ \Tini{\ae}& c\textbf{a}t, r\textbf{a}n \\ \Tini{2}& r\textbf{u}n, en\textbf{ou}gh \\ \Tini{6}& n\textbf{o}t, w\textbf{a}sp \\ \Tini{O:}& l\textbf{aw}, c\textbf{augh}t \\ \Tini{U}& p\textbf{u}t \\ \Tini{u:}& s\textbf{oo}n, thr\textbf{ough} \\ \Tini{@}& \textbf{a}bout, winn\textbf{er} \\ \\ \Tini{eI}& d\textbf{ay} \\ \Tini{aI}& m\textbf{y} \\ \Tini{OI}& b\textbf{oy} \\ \Tini{@U \var{(OU)}}& n\textbf{o} \\ \Tini{aU}& n\textbf{ow} \\ \Tini{I@}& n\textbf{ear}, h\textbf{ere} \\ \Tini{E@}& h\textbf{air}, th\textbf{ere} \\ \Tini{U@}& t\textbf{our} \\ %\Tini{ju:}& p\textbf{u}pil\\ \end{tabular}

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