Job Number

Job Title
Software Consultants (Pty) Ltd
Internet: http://www.prokon.com
E-Mail : mail@prokon.com

Client
Calcs by

Sheet

SRI & SRI's ASSOCIATES SDN.BHD. - CHIN BROS
Semi Detached House
Chin Bros
Checked by
Date
SRI
SRI

1

28th Dec 2012

Retaining Wall Design : Ver W2.5.07 - 24 Aug 2011
Title : RETAINING WALL 5.00 m To 2.50 m
C14

Input Data
Wall Dimensions

H1
H2
H3
Hw
Hr
B
D

(m)
(m)
(m)
(m)
(m)
(m)
(m)

5
0.6
0
2

C
F
xf
At
Ab
0.45 Cov wall
2.30 Cov base

Unfactored Live Loads

(m)
(m)
(m)
(m)
(m)
mm
mm

0.35
-0.00
0.00
0.25
0.35
50
50

W
P
xp
L
xl
Lh
x

General Parameters

5
0
0
0
0
0
0.1

(kN/m²)
(kN)
(m)
(kN/m)
(m)
(kN/m)
(m)

(°)
Soil frict φ
Fill slope β (°)
Wall frict δ (°)
ρ Conc kN/m3
kN/m3
ρ Soil
fcu
(MPa)
fy
(MPa)

Design Parameters

33
0
15
24
19
25
460

SF Overt.
SF Slip
ULS DL Factor
ULS LL Factor
Pmax
(kPa)
Soil Poisson υ
DL Factor Ovt.

Seepage not allowed
Active pressure NOT applied on back of shear key for sliding
Theory
: Coulomb
Wall type : Cantilever

SEISMIC ANALYSIS SETTINGS:
Seismic Analysis ON/OFF:OFF

Hor Accel.

(g)

Vert Accel.

(g)

Include LL's

VALUES OF PRESSURE COEFFICIENTS:
Active Pressure coefficient Ka :0.268
Passive Pressure coefficient Kp :5.854
Base frictional constant µ :0.649

FORCES ACTING ON THE WALL AT SLS:
All forces/moments are per m
Description
Destabilizing forces:
Total Active pressure Pa
Triangular W-table press Pw
Hydrostatic pressure on bot
of base: uniform portion
Hydrostatic pressure on bot
of base: triangular portion
As a result of surcharge w
Stabilizing forces:
Passive pressure on base Pp
Weight of the wall + base
Weight of soil on the base
Hydrostatic pressure on top
of rear portion of base
Hydrostatic pressure on top
of front portion of base
UDL of 5.0 kPa

width
FORCES (kN ) and their LEVER ARMS (m )
F Horizontal
Lever arm F Vertical
Lever arm
left (+)
down (+)
61.559
14.355

6.480

2.500

-20.022

0.200

EQUILIBRIUM CALCULATIONS AT SLS
All forces/moments are per m
1.Moment Equilibrium

1.667
0.667

width

16.495
0.000
0.000

0.800
0.800
1.550

0.000

2.067

1.736

0.800

59.520
168.125
37.229

1.043
1.928
1.950

0.000

0.225

11.500

1.950

2.5
2.0
1.4
1.6
150
0.1
0.9

950 0.800 0.568 151.61 kN : 191.182 20. forces x l.043 1.Force Equilibrium at SLS Sum of Vertical forces Pv Frictional resistance Pfric Passive Pressure on shear key Passive pressure on base => Total Horiz. forces x l. .a.097 1.a.24 kNm Destabilizing moment Mo : 113.Sum(vert.00 kN : 20. forces x l.506 1. forces x l.500 -18.com E-Mail : mail@prokon.Sum(vert.313 33.5 kPa width FORCES (kN ) and their LEVER ARMS (m ) F Horizontal Lever arm F Vertical Lever arm left (+) down (+) 86.26 kNm 2 .prokon.72 kNm Destabilizing moment Mo : 162.350 1.778 0.000 2.) + Sum(vert.a.39 kN 0.) + Sum(vert. forces x l. = lever arm of each force.78 kNm Safety factor against overturning = Mr/Mo = 4.950 EQUILIBRIUM CALCULATIONS AT ULS All forces/moments are per m width 1.a.067 2. forces x l.225 10.200 23.) .39 kN Safety factor against overall sliding = Fr/Fh = 2.a.265 2. resistance Fr : 294.) where l.) For Stabilizing moment Mr calculate as follows: Mr = -Sum(hor.CHIN BROS Semi Detached House Chin Bros Checked by Date SRI SRI Sheet 28th Dec 2012 Point of rotation: bottom front corner of base.a.a.00 kN 82.928 1. Stabilizing moment Mr : 485.565 FORCES ACTING ON THE WALL AT ULS: All forces/moments are per m Description Destabilizing forces: Total Active pressure Pa Triangular W-table press Pw Hydrostatic pressure on bot of base: uniform portion Hydrostatic pressure on bot of base: triangular portion As a result of surcharge w Stabilizing forces: Passive pressure on base Pp Weight of the wall + base Weight of soil on the base Hydrostatic pressure on top of rear portion of base Hydrostatic pressure on top of front portion of base UDL of 4.800 1.Job Number Job Title Software Consultants (Pty) Ltd Internet: http://www.000 0.000 0.800 53.32 kN : 0.000 0.092 0. forces x l. Stabilizing moment Mr : 436. = lever arm of each force.020 0.02 kN : 211.368 2.a.) where l.BHD.com Client Calcs by SRI & SRI's ASSOCIATES SDN.550 0. For Overturning moment Mo calculate as follows: Mo = Sum(hor. forces x l.34 kN Horizontal sliding force on wall Fhw : Horizontal sliding force on shear key Fht : => Total Horizontal sliding force Fh : 82.a.a.) .Moment Equilibrium Point of rotation: bottom front corner of base. For Overturning moment Mo calculate as follows: Mo = Sum(hor.) For Stabilizing moment Mr calculate as follows: Mr = -Sum(hor.667 10.667 0.

53 672.60 429.25 356.33 2.40 423.00 0.00 387.97 872.80 382.44 3.73 44.60 377.62 108.80 28.00 0.19 kN : 0.00 452.00 0.00 0.74 0.58 88.00 413.00 1203.36 929.74 48.87 990.19 0.53 717.00 0.70 2.29 15.24 101.80 31.94 41.88 109.00 0.CHIN BROS Semi Detached House Chin Bros Checked by Date SRI SRI Safety factor against overturning = Mr/Mo = 2.08 155.84 480.18 766.62 818.77 1.691 2.89 232.37 37.40 384.40 358.45 123.40 131.00 0.80 408.00 439.13 19.00 374.32 66.65 kN Horizontal sliding force on shear key Fht : 0.90 1053.80 434.04 446.00 0.Job Number Job Title Software Consultants (Pty) Ltd Internet: http://www.14 2.00 0.59 9.60 403.17 123.Force Equilibrium at ULS Sum of Vertical forces Pv Frictional resistance Pfric Passive Pressure on shear key Passive pressure on base => Total Horiz.80 421.97 26.com Client Calcs by SRI & SRI's ASSOCIATES SDN.20 444.40 436.00 0.21 303.00 0.20 379.99 34.00 0.96 457.76 31.65 kN Safety factor against overall sliding = Fr/Fh = 1.60 455.00 0.86 1.00 0.93 1.00 0.60 390.16 3.31 76.00 0.49 84.82 21.00 0.51 2.42 2. .00 0.12 1.41 13.60 Sheet 3 28th Dec 2012 .76 Front Reinforcing Back Reinforcing Nominal (0.00 0.03 589.com E-Mail : mail@prokon.30 1.38 115.76 551.35 3.40 410.40 371.47 0.09 0.98 3.27 61.59 191.15 3.14 kN : 172.26 3.63 211.00 0.66 71.80 395.56 139.02 kN : 190.95 2.57 329.17 62.40 397.20 405.00 kN => Total Horizontal sliding force Fh : 116. resistance Fr : 265.00 0.43 2.13%) (mm²/m ) (mm²/m ) (mm²/m ) 0.96 53.33 385.85 kPa Maximum pressure occurs at left hand side of base WALL MOMENTS (ULS) AND REINFORCEMENT TO BS8110 .05 2.00 0.31 23.80 369.37 0.21 1.00 0.40 449.29 37.BHD.prokon.40 1.20 366.20 431.60 364.00 kN : 18.23 94.89 415.06 1119.60 442.34 73.00 0.23 2.66 96.20 392.49 1.38 514.631 SOIL PRESSURES UNDER BASE AT SLS Maximum pressure :148.58 1.60 2.31 17.24 1.00 361.20 418.67 1.00 0.22 kPa Minimum pressure : 41.20 353.00 0.79 2.1997 Position from base top (m ) 0.50 57.60 416.00 0.67 12.80 447.00 0.80 356.00 0.00 6.40 254.00 0.68 45.00 0.00 0.87 4.63 3.28 630.02 1.16 278.56 0.00 400.24 8.28 82.00 0.00 0.00 0.49 19.00 52.88 2.00 0.21 kN Horizontal sliding force on wall Fhw : 116.07 3.00 0.05 25.00 0.00 426.84 0.96 4.88 5.65 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.72 Moment (kNm ) 141.28 0.53 3.06 10.79 2.75 173.

21 -33.24 118.00 0.54 2.37 0.00 15.00 0.00 0.00 0.32 842.00 455.91 4.52 136.44 0.34 461.00 455.00 455.25 0.00 0.87 0.00 455.06 10.39 392.32 0.00 0.37 4.90 112.00 455.13 25.00 455.80 21.00 0.08 18.00 0.36 1.59 -35.61 1.prokon.00 0.55 68.46 -21.00 455.00 455.13%) (mm²/m ) 455.94 29.01 0.12 0.00 -0.60 338.00 455.20 136.40 -12.00 455.05 1.00 455.86 497.34 -3.73 0.35 1.49 1.00 455.19 89.11 2.17 2.22 55.05 44.92 11.00 455.32 79.00 0.00 455.87 95.00 0.86 9.00 0.00 573.73 Bot Reinforcing (mm²/m ) 0.92 6.Job Number Job Title Software Consultants (Pty) Ltd Internet: http://www.65 Client Calcs by 1.06 0.65 153.00 455.00 455.97 3.00 0.96 360.00 0.10 Moment (kNm ) -0.00 SRI & SRI's ASSOCIATES SDN.00 455.16 174.00 0.89 246.00 0.00 0.51 0.00 455.46 4.00 2.00 455.96 8.30 1.BHD.74 0.43 43.00 455.40 345.50 -27.33 0.52 1004.12 0.71 8.37 -8.36 698.23 6.50 133.00 0.19 4.00 0.00 1062.66 51.com 3.67 1.00 0.00 0. .1997 Position from left (m ) 0.09 4.05 2.01 0.81 3.00 0.00 SHEAR CHECK AT WALL-BASE JUNCTION TO BS8110 .56 0.42 2.com E-Mail : mail@prokon.00 0.00 455.00 335.CHIN BROS Semi Detached House Chin Bros Checked by Date SRI SRI 0.24 1.67 5.92 2.43 0.18 426.00 348.33 Top Reinforcing (mm²/m ) 0.14 2.99 1.61 614.41 894.00 455.00 0.00 0.78 11.62 0.46 948.00 0.00 455.00 0.00 455.00 0.00 0.24 82.19 300.23 2.00 0.86 272.00 0.43 1.00 455.68 23.00 455.00 0.98 2.00 455.91 2.31 0.20 0.73 26.75 534.00 0.00 4.13 225.00 455.93 0.00 455.84 743.56 17.68 0.53 69.00 455.25 64.14 13.86 1.29 2.00 455.43 24.72 115.00 0.52 125.06 1.00 Sheet 4 28th Dec 2012 .00 455.00 455.20 340.80 1.72 106.79 2.55 5.00 0.00 0.67 2.36 1.28 221.00 455.03 55.00 455.00 455.36 2.40 332.00 455.00 0.18 1.00 455.56 39.00 0.89 330.00 0.09 -16.00 455.28 4.11 69.10 0.12 1.67 84.00 455.00 455.1997 Nominal (0.71 100.00 0.50 0.20 327.27 4.00 0.00 0.00 0.04 0.00 455.00 0.00 0.00 0.85 2.15 791.50 11.00 0.00 0.04 197.74 1.98 3.34 -1.73 2.56 4.80 330.03 2.00 351.58 100.00 455.26 43.25 0.92 1.81 0.00 0.85 36.60 BASE MOMENTS (ULS) AND REINFORCEMENT TO BS8110 .00 0.00 455.00 455.00 0.38 178.04 3.46 47.19 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.02 -5.00 455.48 2.00 0.66 33.00 0.00 0.59 655.74 0.00 455.00 0.31 32.13 74.53 16.52 0.60 2.00 0.56 60.80 343.00 0.96 2.30 98.00 455.00 0.55 1.00 455.00 455.

.45 0.63 SFovt = 4.51 MPa (based on Wall tensile reinf.00 15.65 V=103.00° 0.36 MPa OK Allowable shear stress vc = 0.8kN v= 0.35 0.CHIN BROS Semi Detached House Chin Bros Checked by Date SRI SRI Shear force at bottom of wall V = 103.1997 0.57 SFslip (ULS) = 1.30 41.com E-Mail : mail@prokon.00° 0.00 0.8 kN Shear stress at bottom of wall v = 0.85 µ=0.prokon.00° 2.BHD.com Client Calcs by SRI & SRI's ASSOCIATES SDN.27 Kp=5.00 5.51MPa Sheet 5 28th Dec 2012 .69 Ka=0.36MPa vc= 0.25 33.) Sketch of Wall Design code: BS8110 .10 5.26 SFovt (ULS) = 2.Job Number Job Title Software Consultants (Pty) Ltd Internet: http://www.60 2.9kPa 148.35 0.2kPa Wall type: Cantilever Theory: Coulomb SFslip = 2.

prokon.200 Bending moment (kNm) 120 20.50 2.50 4.800 .0 40.50 Height (m) 3.CHIN BROS Semi Detached House Chin Bros Checked by Date SRI SRI Job Title Software Consultants (Pty) Ltd Internet: http://www.com E-Mail : mail@prokon.00 .500 Bending moment (kNm) Base Bending Moments Base Moments Moment max = 136.80 2.0 -20.com Client Calcs by Sheet 28th Dec 2012 Wall Bending Moments Moment max = 141.0 .00 1.60 2. .80 1.00 2.BHD.00 140 120 100 80.20 1.0 60.00 2.Job Number SRI & SRI's ASSOCIATES SDN.0 6 .0 .628m 140 100 80.400 40.600 .40 2.350m Wall Moments 4.4kNm @ -.50 1.0 60.0 20.20 2.60 1.0 Position (m) 3.00 3.5kNm @ .00 1.40 1.

max = 1203 mm²/m @ 0. max = 1063 mm²/m @ .00 Nominal 3.600 .800 Bottom .500 Reinforcement (mm²/m) Base Reinforcement Base Reinforcement Reinf.400 100 2.00 1.50 Back 2.729m 1100 1000 900 700 600 Nominal 400 300 Position (m) 3.60 1.50 Height (m) 3. .40 1.00 .BHD.40 2.00 2.com Client Calcs by SRI & SRI's ASSOCIATES SDN.80 1.00 Front 1200 1000 800 600 400 200 .00m Wall Reinforcement 4.00 Top 200 .00 2.prokon.CHIN BROS Semi Detached House Chin Bros Checked by Date SRI SRI Sheet 28th Dec 2012 Wall Reinforcement Reinf.60 2.com E-Mail : mail@prokon.Job Number Job Title Software Consultants (Pty) Ltd Internet: http://www.50 1.20 1.80 2.200 Reinforcement (mm²/m) 800 500 7 .20 1.50 4.

Job Number Job Title Software Consultants (Pty) Ltd Internet: http://www. .CHIN BROS Semi Detached House Chin Bros Checked by Date SRI SRI Schematic Reinforcement Y12@200 (Hor) Y12@200 (Hor) Y20@250 (NF) Y12@200 (FF) 1-R10/m2 clips 1-R10/m2 clips Y12@200 starters FRONT Y20@200 starters Y20@250 (T1) Y12@200 (B1) Y12@200 (T2) Y12@200 (B2) SECTION Sheet 8 28th Dec 2012 .com Client Calcs by SRI & SRI's ASSOCIATES SDN.com E-Mail : mail@prokon.prokon.BHD.

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