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GEMSTONES - Their Science and Use in Vedic Astrology by Bipul Pathak Find Your Lucky Gemstone - Gemstone Recommendation by OSFA
Throughout the ages, the gemstones have been seen as representations of wealth and power. Symbols of supremacy like crowns and richly decorated clothes and robes have traditionally been adorned with jewels. But gemstones are not just for the wealthy or scientifically minded researcher. But these can be appreciated by common man also just to enjoy the beauty of these gems. The gemstones appeal initially due to their mysterious appeal,lustre and their colour. This makes them exquisite but their rarity, hardness and durability makes them doubly valuable. Gemstones are minerals. Out of a total of more than 2500 different minerals, only about 60 odd are commonly used as gemstones. Other minerals are unsuitable as gems because they are too soft and get scratched easily.
2. WHAT ARE GEMSTONES
A mineral (or occasionally an organic mineral) to be called a gemstone, it must be beautiful in its appearance and colour. A gemstone has to be durable-i.e. it should be hard enough to survive constant use and handling without getting scratched or damaged. Finally, it must be rare, because its scarcity makes it valuable. Most of the gemstones are natural inorganic minerals with a fixed chemical composition and a regular internal crystal structure. A few gems like Pearl and Amber come from plants and animals and are known as organic gems. Then there are some gems, which are synthetic. They do not have natural origin but are made in laboratories. They have very similar physical properties as the natural gems, and can be cut and polished to imitate the real thing. Sometimes these are used as a substitute in jewellery as they cost substantially less than the real gems.
3. SCIENCE OF GEMMOLOGY
Gemstones- Their Science and Use in Vedic Astrology - OSFA Article ...
Gems are scientifically fascinating too. Gemmologists make a complete study of each stone, both as it is found in the rocks and after it has been cut and polished. That is why during the formal study of gemology, both aspects are given due importance. This makes them able to distinguish between two similar looking stones, one of which may be fake. The science of gemology looks at these minerals by way of their crystal structure and the physical properties. Everybody interested in buying gems (for whatever purpose) should have an idea of these properties. Hardness--- One of the key qualities of a gemstone is hardness. This means how well a gemstone resists scratching. Higher the hardness, more durable is the stone. Diamond is the hardest gemstone known and has been assigned hardness of 10 on Moh’s scale of hardness. The Talc has been given lowest hardness of 1 on this scale. All gemstones are rated in between 1 to 10. Specific Gravity--- This property shows the density of the gem. In common parlance it shows the weightiness of the gem. The greater the specific gravity, the heavier the gem will feel. Crystal shapes--- This can give a definite clue about the gem’s internal structure and is used by experts to differentiate between fakes and original gems. Optical Properties--- These properties are also used by researchers and experts to differentiate and decide about the ways of cutting and polishing the gems.
4. HOW GEMSTONES ARE FORMED
MINERAL GEMSTONES Gemstones that are of mineral origin are found in rocks, or in gem gravels derived from these rocks. Rocks themselves are made up of one or more minerals. The formation of these rocks is a continuous and ongoing process. Gem quality minerals within these rocks may be easily accessible at the earth’s surface or they can lie buried deep inside it. Sometimes these gem laden rock gravels get separated from their host rock due to erosion and are carried long distances by rivers to lakes, sea and shallow areas. The three types of rocks where gemstones are found are: Igneous rocksThese are rocks, which have solidified from the molten rocks, which lies molten deep beneath the earth’s surface. Some igneous rocks are extrusive where it solidifies after volcanic eruption and some are intrusive rocks where it solidifies beneath the earth. The rate of solidification determines the size of crystals found. Slower the rate, larger the crystal and consequently larger the size of gemstones in it. Sedimentary rocksThese rocks are formed by accumulation of rock fragments produced by weathering. In time these fragments settle down and harden into rock once again. Sedimentry rocks are normally found in layers and sometimes the gems found here show these layers in them. Metamorphic rocks— Metamorphic rocks are either Igneous or Sedimentary, which have changed beneath the earth due to heat and pressure and has resulted in new form of minerals in it. During this process gemstones also grow within them.
osfa. he was escorted by Indra himself under the guise of a Brahmin seeking to find an animal for propitiation. Mercury took Emeralds. Indra pleaded with Bali to become animal for the sacrifice as he was not getting anyone. Saturn took Blue Sapphires. LEGEND AND MYTHOLOGY As per the legend associated with the gems. from the juice of his heart came Lapis Lazuli. collected from soft sediments or the sea. not in rocks. from skin came out Yellow Sapphire.Their Science and Use in Vedic Astrology . from his eyes came out Blue Sapphires. from his semen appeared gem called Bheesham. Venus took Diamonds. The legend further goes that from these gems. Similarly.org.uk/Gemstones. Amber is fossilized tree resin. which are regarded as gems. it is said that the king of the demons Bali came to the Indralok-the Heaven. Like natural Pearls form around foreign bodies that have made their way inside the shells of marine or freshwater shellfish.OSFA Article . from his bone marrow appeared Karketan. from the gall bladder Emerald. Many types of gems have been synthesized but only a few are produced commercially. Sun took away Ruby. found in some sedimentary rocks. Because of the way the synthetic gems are made. may come from recently living animals or from fossils thousands of years old. from his nails appeared Cat’s eye. they can usually be identified by the difference in the inclusions in them. Cultured pearls are produced artificially in large fisheries. from his teeth the Pearls. Diamonds were found. It is said in mythology that from the bones of demon king Bali. generally for scientific or industrial use.Rahu took away Zircon and Ketu lifted Lapis Lazuli. They virtually have the same chemical composition and crystal structure as natural gemstones and consequently their optical and physical properties are very similar. Coral is made up of the skeletons of tiny marine animals called Coral Polyps. from his blood drops Ruby. may come from animals as diverse as snails and turtles.Gemstones. The demon king was shattered in to pieces of gems simply because he was a unique creature himself.. Bone or Ivory from the teeth or tusks of mammals. SYNTHETIC GEMSTONES Synthetic gemstones are made in laboratories or factories. However. which are different from the natural inclusions.htm[15/07/2013 12:08:07] . the synthetic gems have inclusions. In Heaven. Jet is fossilized wood. The experts can identify them and distinguish. living in the ocean. Bali accepted it knowing that his body was invincible. they show subtle differences in shape and colour that help to distinguish them from their natural counterparts.. many in the shallow waters off the seashores. Jupiter picked up Yellow Sapphire. ASTROLOGY AND GEMSTONES 1. This was known to Indra as well and he did not hurt the body of demon king but hit his head with Vajra. Moon picked up Pearls. According to mythology. ORGANIC GEMSTONES Organic gemstones have their origin either from plants or from animals. all these gems had been grown by nature inside the body of demon King Bali as he was a unique creature and when these gems came out of http://www. Shells. from flesh came Coral. Mars took away Coral. He wanted to win over the Heaven and all the Gods. This is the reason why these stones are worn by humans to enhance the strength of these planets. It was getting late and his Yagna would be rendered fruitless. from his body fat came Rock crystal. in fresh water or on land.
The Greeks still believe. Jade. people were aware of wearing gems for strengthening various planets and for propitiation purposes. so that their teething takes place without trouble. which was decorated with furniture studded with rare gems and Jewels.osfa. lockets made of silver and studded with Pearls are hung around the necks of the infants to ward off evils. The Greek writer Thiophratus who lived in 287 BC had written a book on Diamonds and gems.Gemstones. In ancient China. After him Pliny (62-113 AD) wrote in his book on Natural History about gems in detail..htm[15/07/2013 12:08:07] . In 13 th century Marcopolo visited India.and he wrote about the treasures and jewels in these countries in detail. Taj Mahal is living example of the use of precious stones in buildings. In Germany.Athens and other parts of the world used to come with their merchandise here.Takht-I-tawoos . a talisman having Coral pieces is considered very auspicious to quell the bad effects of evil spirits. Burma and Ceylon(Sri Lanka) .org.uk/Gemstones.OSFA Article . rings studded with Conch or Oyster shells were believed to cure all aches and ailments of stomach. HISTORY AND GEMSTONES Ancient Roman writer Pliny (62-113 AD) had written that there was a very large market for jewels and precious stones on the Secundra port in Egypt. The monuments built by Moghuls show the splendour of their times and gems were very integral to it. 3. About the Amber . the Peacock throne of the Moghuls was studded with jewels of all kind and had attracted many invaders .it is said that the jewels have been made of the teardrops of a Greek God. Nadir Shah came and invaded India in 1739 and took away this throne . the germs would not spread and will be killed even after many have puffed it. Merchants . it was symbol of victory of Gods over the demons. In Turkey . people think if wine is poured into the cups made of Amethyst. Who has not read about the great hall in which beautiful empress Cleopatra had received the Roman Emperor Julius Caesar. In India also.Their Science and Use in Vedic Astrology .. 2. Jewels and precious stones with all their powers were mentioned even before these centers came into existence in Holy Bible and even before that in Vishnu Puran.people believe that by fixing Amber in the Hubble –bubble.with him. In Rome. the garland of Ambers is hung around the neck of the infant.cornelion and other gems were used by the Moghuls in plenty. But one thing is sure that even in ancient times when there was no gemology or research available. one does not get drunk after drinking that wine. In recent history. China. if women http://www. BELIEFS AND GEMSTONES Mythology and legends are not convincing to modern generation but some of the communities and cultures still have their beliefs about the usage and effects of various gemstones. the Amber cures one of rheumatism. these legends started to grow as people felt the beneficial results after wearing them and in present day we hear a full myth around gemstones. And Romans used to hang chains made from Coral to the cradle of infants to ward off evil spirits. In Greece.traders from Rome. However far-fetched this myth may sound. In all probability. According to popular belief in the west. the shattered body.
looks for scientific links between the gems and their effects. It is a law because it is observed daily by us and also it has not been proved through experiment to be not true. 4. The gemstones have different colours and lustre. The nine planets are associated with these colours and the stones prescribed are also in consonance. Thus the efficacy of gemstones do not require laboratory experiments just the way some of the pure science laws do not require experiment in their support. These if written would fill volumes . But many people do not believe in their effects. The table shows Ascendant wise gemstones. Similarly the effects of the gemstones are observed by those who use them under proper prescription. we get seven-colour spectrum.htm[15/07/2013 12:08:07] .org.there is ruling planet and a corresponding gemstone is prescribed.osfa. These days people . This restores the balance in him . wear the Blue Sapphires on person .But a fair idea can be had from the above that the gems had a very special place in human life since ancient times. The simplest example being Law of Gravitation. also affects human beings.especially the younger generation. this actually helps the individual.no sense of immorality would pollute their mind nor any fear of supernatural will affect them. If prescribed properly. 5.Their Science and Use in Vedic Astrology . There are numerous such beliefs cutting across all cultures and communities.Gemstones.uk/Gemstones.OSFA Article . Thus the spectrum of nine colours is understood to be the cosmic matrix and is very essence of nine planets. Sun being the source of all energy. Since the effects are very individual in nature. It is important to note that the wavelength of coloured light emanating from the nine planets is believed to match those radiating from each planet’s corresponding gemstone. That gemstones work for the betterment of one’s life is a known fact. Moreover. which are associated with the gems. SCIENCE BEHIND EFFECTS OF GEMSTONES. it has been observed to adversely affect him as long as he wears it and the effect goes away once the stone is removed.. There are laws in pure science which have not been proved but are accepted as their effects are observed by us day in and day out and they are called laws conversely also as they have not been proved otherwise. The other invisible two colours are infra red and ultra violet. A particular stone absorbs all kind of solar and cosmic energy and allows a particular type of energy to pass through it and which is then absorbed by the body. they are not in the scrutiny of public and people do not believe in their beneficial values. the effects of gemstones have been proved conversely also. GEMS FOR VARIOUS LAGNAS (ASCENDANT) In Astrology for every person at the time of his birth a rising sign of zodiac is unique.. If a person is prescribed a wrong gemstone. If we observe the sunlight through prism in a laboratory. Thus prescribing gemstones is not out of synchronous with this energy system.and he finds the self-improving. ACENDANT RULING PLANET GEMSTONE http://www. For every ascendant . All astrological reasoning fails to impress many people to accept the benefits of the gemstones.
Gemstones.Their Science and Use in Vedic Astrology ..OSFA Article .. The table below shows Nakshatra wise list of gemstones prescribed.uk/Gemstones. GEMS FOR VARIOUS CONSTELLATIONS(NAKSHATRAS) There are 27 Nakshatras as per vedic astrology and each nakshatra has a ruling planet and consequently a gemstone prescribed for each nakshatra.osfa.htm[15/07/2013 12:08:07] . ARIES (MESHA) TAURUS (VRISH) GEMINI (MITHUN) CANCER (KARKA) LEO (SINGHA) VIRGO (KANYA) LIBRA (TULA) SCORPIO(VRISCHIK) SAGGITARIUS (DHANU) MARS(MANGAL) VENUS (SHUKRA) MERCURY (BUDH) MOON (CHANDRA) SUN (SURYA) MERCURY (BUDH) VENUS (SHUKRA) MARS (MANGAL) JUPITER (BRIHASPATI) RED CORAL (MOONGA) DIAMOND (HEERA) EMERALD (PANNA) PEARL(MOTI) RUBY (MANIK) EMERALD (PANNA) DIAMOND (HEERA) RED CORAL (MOONGA) YELLOW SAPPHIRE (PUKHRAJ) CAPRICORN (MAKAR) SATURN (SHANI) BLUE SAPPHIRE (NEELAM) AQUARIUS (KUMBH) SATURN (SHANI) BLUE SAPPHIRE (NEELAM) PISCES (MEEN) JUPITER (BRIHASPATI) YELLOW SAPPHIRE (PUKHRAJ) 6.org. NAKSHATRA ASWINI BHARANI KRITTIKA ROHINI MRIGSHIRA ADRA PUNARVASU PUSHYAMI ASHLESHA RULING PLANET KETU VENUS SUN MOON MARS RAHU JUPITER SATURN MERCURY GEMSTONE CAT’S EYE DIAMOND RUBY PEARL RED CORAL HESSONITE YELLOW SAPPHIRE BLUE SAPPHIRE EMERALD http://www.
. We hereby give you the details about each stone and the semi precious substitute for it also. The best rubies are those. a semi precious stone can be worn on prescription which are normally reasonably priced and are readily available also.Their Science and Use in Vedic Astrology . Thailand.osfa. The chemical composition of the stone and its occurrence and connected details are also given. which have mystical deep red colour. Afghanistan Vietnam and Pakistan also produce bright rubies.Gemstones. GEMSTONES AND THEIR SEMI PRECIOUS SUBSTITUTES The stones which have been described for various planets are the precious stones and are very costly. In such cases. MAGHA POORVA PHALGUNI UTTRA PHALGUNI HASTA CHITRA SWATI VISHAKA ANURADHA JYESHTA MOOLA POORVASHADA UTTARASHADA SRAVANA DHANISHTA POORV BHADRAPAD UTTRA BHADRAPAD REVATHI KETU VENUS SUN MOON MARS RAHU JUPITER SATURN MERCURY KETU VENUS SUN MOON MARS JUPITER SATURN MERCURY CAT’S EYE DIAMOND RUBY PEARL RED CORAL HESSONITE YELLOW SAPPHIRE BLUE SAPPHIRE EMERALD CAT’S EYE DIAMOND RUBY PEARL RED CORAL YELLOW SAPPHIRE BLUE SAPPHIRE EMERALD 7. A common man is not able to afford these gemstones. USA Australia and Norway also produce rubies which are dark to opaque at times.htm[15/07/2013 12:08:07] .org. Another difficulty is that sometimes a stone prescribed is not available. The astrologers prescribe nine gemstones for nine planets. These can be of varying shades of reds to pink. RUBY Ruby is the name given to red gem quality corundum. The finest rubies are found in Burma. http://www.OSFA Article . India. Although the cosmic results of these stones are subdued in nature but for most cases they work well and in only very few cases the astrologer would insist on precious stone..uk/Gemstones.
circulation. spinal column.nH 2O. The semi precious substitute for Ruby is Red Garnet. gallstones. spleen. These days in Japan and China pearls are made through culture.71. The semi precious substitute for this is Moon Stone and Opal.86-1. This stone decreases inflammation. Pearl has cooling and calming effects. The specific gravity is 4. Moonstone is basically Orthoclase with a bluish white sheen and hence the name. It is very effective http://www. kidney stones. The specific gravity is 3. The chemical composition of ruby is Aluminium Oxide and the formula is Al2O 3. It restores the balance of nerves. thymus. These are found in Burma . brown and even black. Red Garnet is called Almandine in gemology and its composition is Iron Aluminium Silicate with chemical formula as Fe 3Al2(SiO 4) 3. Ruby increases the heart’s strength. Refractive index 1. The nearest chemical formula for pearls is Ca CO3.57 and Monoclinic crystal structure. PEARL Pearls are formed in shellfish. It is known to decrease the effects of hepatitis. adrenals. Refractive index of 1. bubonic plague. inflammation. Gulf of mannar in Indian Ocean and Red Sea for very long time. bloating and pain. infectious diseases. It helps in restoring balance of blood circulation. depression.Brazil. anxiety. Ruby is the stone for Sun and is a precious stone. bleeding.C 3H 18 N 9O 11 . mitosis.. immunity. such as a piece of grit.Sri Lanka.Madagascar. psychosomatic illness.531. anxiety. hormones. Natural pearls have been found in Persian Gulf.org. sickle cell anemia. This is found in garnet Mica schist and has worldwide occurrence. leukemia.76-1. digestive power of the body.Gemstones. fertility. typhoid. pituitary gland. longevity. schizophrenia. female reproductive system.87 and a hardness of 7.77. It helps balance body fluids. white with a hint of pink. body flexibility. The crystal structure is Orthorhombic. acidity. The hardness of ruby is 9 with a crystal structure of Trigonal. liver. Pearls vary in colour from white. protection from psychic attacks. liver and kidneys.especially oysters and mussels. vitality.5 having a crystal structure of Cubic. functioning of pancreas.68 and a hardness of 3.. Moonstone is a stone used for detoxification and fertility. heart. bleeding. It increases healing.European Alps and Mexico.Their Science and Use in Vedic Astrology . haemorrhaging. diabetes. The specific gravity of pearls is 2. white corpuscles. The chemical composition of pearls is Calcium carbonate with conchiolin and water. Layers of aragonite called nacre are secreted around the irritant and then it gradually builds up to form the pearl. spinal fluid. vitality. gallstones. irritability. spleen.India . malignant cancer. tissue regeneration.77. inflammation. heart attack. bleeding. They are formed as a natural defence against an irritant.htm[15/07/2013 12:08:07] . It is Potassium Aluminium Silicate with hardness of 6 and specific gravity of 2. It decreases anaemia.00 and the refractive index is 1. thyroid.osfa. Red garnet increases vitality.uk/Gemstones. This depends upon the type of water and other ambient factors. cholesterol.OSFA Article . Pearl is the precious stone for Moon.
OSFA Article . specific gravity 2. pulmonary consumption. But black and golden corals are made of a horn like substance called conchiolin. It has hardness of 7. arthritis. spleen. It is helpful in reducing nosebleed. circulation. eventually resulting in coral reefs and Atolls.10 and Refractive Index of 1. It helps balancing spleen. pollen allergies. It improves vision and hearing. beestings and insect bites. malaria. refractive index of 1. RED CORAL Coral is made up of the skeletal remains of marine animals called Coral Polyps. spine. and impotence. kidney stones. high blood pressure. bile. Red coral is the precious stone for Mars . It is also found in USA. obesity. tissue regeneration.49-1. Red coral is found in Japan.org. constipation. reproductive organs. This is noncrystalline unlike other gems and with use it dries out and can have cracks. pituitary glands. It is very good for headaches. The stone is very effective in restoring the various body cycles. gallbladder.54 and Trigonal structure of crystals.61. bleeding. Out of all Red coral is most precious. The main effect of stone is in tissue regeneration and increase in blood cells. varicose veins. The semi precious substitute for this is Carnelian. Carnelian is reddish orange variety of Chalcedony. pancreas.Gemstones. spinal canal. fear. Carnelian increases fertility. It is basically Silicon Dioxide with formula as SiO 2. dropsy. The Opal which shows iridescence is precious and for Moon white opal is used as substitute. thirst. Best Carnelian is from India.37-1. leucorrhoea. It balances intestinal tract. specific gravity of 2. It also adjusts and balances the nervous system. anaemia. anorexia. Opal is hardened Silica Gel and contains 5-10 percent water. asthma.. Opal is having cleansing properties. elasticity of blood vessels and assimilation. madness. in menstrual problems and restores the normal cycle. It also helps alleviate PMS symptoms.47 with structure being Amorphous. This had orange brown colour and this http://www. Mediterranean and African coasts. nervous system. It also balances endocrine system. It decreases effects of insanity.uk/Gemstones. HESSONITE Hessonite is Grossular garnet as per gemology and is found in various colours but they are known to derive their name from their first specimen found. Most corals are made of Calcium Carbonate and have red. One of the main functions carnelian does is to balance sexual energies. Mexico. haemorrhaging. Black and golden coral is found in West Indies and Australia. yellow fever. pancreas. These tiny creatures live in colonies which form branching structures as they grow. rickets. kidneys. sterility. alimentary canal.. lower spinal column. rage. Brazil and South Africa.htm[15/07/2013 12:08:07] . fever. It is Hydrated Silica Gel with hardness of 6. It is found in cavities in sedimentary rocks and Australia is the main producer of Opals.pink.Their Science and Use in Vedic Astrology . mucous membrane. The chemical formula is Ca CO3 ( or C 3H 48 N 9O 11 ).66 and Trigonal crystal structure.Specific Gravity of 2.osfa. gallstones.white and blue colours.53-1. Coral has hardness of 3. rabies. Thalamus.68. menorrhagia. teething troubles. Refractive index 1. jaundice. nightmares. liver. It decreases leukemia.
76-1.uk/Gemstones. Tanzania and France also produce Zircon.orange. convulsions. The Hessonite is the precious stone for Rahu . brown etc.75 and Cubic crystal structure . ulcers..Thailand. It helps balancing stomach.Vietnam. kidneys. The chemical formula is Ca3 Al2 (SiO 4 ) 3 It has hardness of 7. spleen. Zircon has hardness of 7.Nigeria. Even Sri Lanka. The chemical composition is mixture of organic plant resins and mainly the formula is C 10 H 16 O.specific gravity 4.5. The chemical composition of Hessonite is Calcium Aluminium Silicate. Amber has hardness of 2. Amber produces a negative electrical charge that attracts dust.strenghthens brain and nervous system.Kampucea.Cambodia.Gemstones. It normally occurs as nodules or small irregularly shaped masses. It helps decrease catarrh. It is very helpful in joint lubrication and provides fluidity to the muscles.Australia. blue . http://www. YELLOW SAPPHIRE Yellow sapphire is also known as Oriental Topaz. intestines and stomach. rheumatism. Amber with golden orange colour is used a substitute for Hessonite. It provides balancing influence on liver.htm[15/07/2013 12:08:07] . teething.red.5. colour is due to manganese and Iron inclusions. This stone drastically helps in memory and learning.specific gravity of 1.Brazil. The most famous deposits are in the Baltic region.55.red. thyroid. It is also an effective stone to decrease the effects of snakebite. Amber helps in increasing cell regeneration. refractive index 1. But it can have colours of yellow . asthma.77 with a Trigonal crystal structure.refractive index 1. but green .specific gravity 4. particularly along the coast of Poland and former USSR. In astrology .Refractive index of 1.00. violet and black Amber has also been found. When rubbed.69. The best Hessonite is found in Sri Lanka in metamorphous rocks or gem gravels. and liver. throat.93-1. It is basically Corundum and comes in many other colours as well. deafness. toothache. Canada and Siberia as well as in Maine (California) & New Hampshire in USA. anxiety.osfa. earache. hay fever. It is also found in Brazil.org. and goiter.Their Science and Use in Vedic Astrology .25. central nervous system. inner ear. Amber is the fossilized resin of trees. The sapphire has hardness of 9 . Zircon is chemically Zirconium Silicate with formula of ZrSiO4.Burma. Most Amber is golden yellow to golden orange. gall bladder.54-1.08 and Amorphous crystal structure. brain.OSFA Article . headache.the colour of reddish brown for Zircon is used for Rahu. This stone is famous for being found in colourless form and their resemblance with diamonds. The yellow sapphire is mainly found in Queensland and New south Wales in Australia. digestive tract. The chemical composition is Aluminium Oxide with a formula of Al2O 3. In Madagascar it is generally called as Cinnamon stone. Its semi precious substitute is Zircon and Amber. endocrine system..65.East Africa also produce this type of sapphire. soreness.98 with a Tetragonal crystal structure. This stone of gem quality is found as pebbles in alluvial deposits and the best comes from Sri Lanka. increases elasticity of tendons and removes inflammation of tendons.Specific Gravity of 3.refractive index of 1.73-1. insanity.
emotional pain and trauma.htm[15/07/2013 12:08:07] . The stone is said to be increasing eyesight. It is found in igneous rocks and sometimes in alluvial deposits as pebbles also. BLUE SAPPHIRE Blue Sapphire is basically Corundum and comes in many other colours as well. It helps decrease rheumatism. Although topaz occurs in other colours also.specific gravity 4. cataracts. It provides balance to intestinal tract. but golden yellow is in the category of gems. The semi precious substitute is Turquoise and Lapis lazuli . petrochemical and radiation miasms. It is basically Aluminium Fluorohydroxysilicate with a formula of Al2(F. lower spinal column.Gemstones.refractive index 1. anorexia. tumour. Sodalite.specific gravity 3. It is found in USA. The best Indian Sapphire is cornflower blue and is found in Jammu and Kashmir.former USSR. Turquoise is one of the first gemstones mined and varies from sky blue in colour to greenish.org. thymus gland. nerve pains. Yellow sapphire is the precious stone for Jupiter . but in Tibet a greener variety is found.62-1.Japan and Africa. Sky blue turquoise from Iran is the best.Australia and England(Cornwall) also produce. haemorrhage. Cambodia . Turquoise is very effective in headaches and migraines. The semi precious substitute is Golden Topaz. The crystal structure is Triclinic and the formula is CuAl6(PO 4) 4(OH) 8.. blood flow to organs.Good quality Blue Sapphire is found in Burma.54.Burma. reduces fat. tendons. arthritis.65 and is chemically Hydrated copper aluminium phosphate. sciatica. ligaments. Blue sapphire is the precious stone for Saturn. The chemical composition is Aluminium Oxide with a formula of Al2O 3.refractive index 1. Golden Topaz is actually golden yellow in colour and is sometimes called as Sherry topaz also. massive form. Mexico and USA also produce greener variety. Turquoise has amazing property for helping in disorders of female reproductive system. Montana in USA also produces blue sapphire . including Lazurite. Chile . and adrenals. Calcite and pyrite.63 with a crystal structure of Orthorhombic.5H 2O.uk/Gemstones.OH) 2SiO 4.Their Science and Use in Vedic Astrology .Mexico. epilepsy.80. But traditionally sapphire is associated with blue colour only. The distinct blue colour is due to presence of copper and traces of Iron.Pakistan.Kenya. It has hardness of 6.Refractive Index 1. Lapis Lazuli is a Blue rock made up of several different minerals. Sri Lanka and India. blood. It balances circulation. The colour of Lapis lazuli varies as per composition but the intense blue variety with minor patches of white calcite and brassy yellow pyrite is the best quality. It increases eyesight.Brazil. throat.Sri Lanka. longevity. heart.00. It is http://www. hauyne. usually as encrustations or as nodules.osfa. excessive bleeding. The sapphire has hardness of 9 . and nerves. It also decreases fever.61-1. Topaz has hardness of 8. mental illness.. and stress.77 with a Trigonal crystal structure. tissue regeneration and circulation.Malawi and Colombia also produce this sapphire.Australia. hysteria.OSFA Article .76-1. neurology. pancreas.specific gravity of 2. It is commonly found in microcrystalline. effects of environmental pollution.
epilepsy. jealousy. In addition it enhances eyesight.The best quality lapis lazuli is from Afghanistan. Emerald has hardness of 7. vocal cords.refractive index 1. Lapis lazuli increases strength. eyestrain. fever.Egypt. It provides body strength and helps tissue regeneration. usually found as boulders or within limestones. esophagus. back pains.69 with Orthorhombic crystal structure. The effects are achieved as emerald balances the breathing system.Si) 12 O 24 (SO 4)Cl2(OH) 2.specific gravity 3. The formula of Peridot is (Mg. John’s island in Egypt.OSFA Article . The stone balances endocrine system and nerves. sciatica. It is known to decrease anger.80. bone marrow. poison effects and effects of bites.osfa. communication and intelligence. jaundice. nervous system. acidity. It is Beryllium aluminium silicate and formula is Be 3Al2(SiO 3) 6.blue. Peridot is the gem quality specimen of the mineral Olivine. body vitality. astigmatism. CAT’S EYE Cat’s eye is basically Chrysoberyl gemmologically.Brazil. The formula is (Na. It helps in childbirth and is a detoxifier. neurosis. tuberculosis. haemoglobin. which makes it green . and pancreas.South Africa and Norway. It is found in St. The general effects of emerald are relating to mind.htm[15/07/2013 12:08:07] .India.64-1. nerves.South Africa. and female diseases. vertigo and dizziness.liver..5.71. oxygenation of blood. It has hardness of 5. intuition.It can have various colours from colourless. insomnia.refractive index 1. The hardness of Peridot is 6. It is found in granites. in China. diabetes. infections. Green Emerald is precious stone for Mercury .34. headache.Aystralia. thyroid.refractive index 1. It helps in balancing emotions. adrenals. Hodgkin’s disease. bronchial tract.5. schizophrenia. vitality.57-1.Norway.Hawai and Arizona USA.Australia. The finest emerald is from Colombia.Burma. mitosis.58 with a Hexagonal crystal structure.Fe)2SiO 4.It is chemically Magnesium Iron Silicate.Gemstones.Brazil. anxiety. nearsightedness.specific gravity 2. spasms.Ca)8(Al. stress. paranoia. circulation. neuralgia. hearing and immune system.uk/Gemstones. Argentinian stone is also of very high quality. melancholia. radiation effects. depression.org.Pakistan and Zimbabwe. cancer.organs. It aligns and balances inner body.Their Science and Use in Vedic Astrology .pink and golden yellow depending upon the inclusion. It decreases poison. childbirth pains. haemorrhoids. skeletal system and Eustachian tube. Other sources are Astria.specific gravity 2.5. Peridot helps body in recuperation and heals fast. It is useful in decreasing pain.pegmatites and schists as well as alluvial deposits.50 with Variable crystal structure. It occurs in a range of http://www. The semi Precious substitute for this is Peridot . stress. and immune system. Some different shades of blue are also found in USA and Canada. ulcers. virility. urinary troubles.. Cancer of the larynx. which means it increases memory. autism. Peridot has olive or bottle green colour due to presence of Iron . tonsillitis. asthma. EMERALD Emerald is basically Beryl gemmologically with presence of chromium and Vanadium.
refractive index 1.specific gravity 3.42 with a Cubic crystal structure.org.64 with Trigonal structure.Namibia.hence the name. Cut.pink.It comes in various colours and has different names as well. Clarity. Ghana.specific gravity 3.5. but the colourless tourmaline is called Anchorite and is used for Venus.Sri lanka. has a near whit line across the stone and gives the effect of a cat’s eye . colours from green to yellow to brown.. Tourmaline is basically complex Borosilicate gemmologically. is the most prized of all gems.USA. weight. Alexandrite is also chrysoberyl with the same composition as cat’s eye and the same physical properties described above.75 and Orthorhombic crystal structure.or brown under incandescent light.former USSR and Brazil also produce Diamonds.USA.52.5. diamond crystals are well formed.Their Science and Use in Vedic Astrology . Diamond forms at very high temperatures and pressures like 80 KM under ground. This stone when cut en-cabochon.green. It is a hard and durable stone. Diamond is the precious stone for Venus . It is found worldwide but the most important sources are Brazil.specific gravity 3. Carat i. Cat’s eye is the precious stone for Ketu. The semi precious substitute for this is Tourmaline and Rock Crystal . It is mainly Beryllium aluminium Oxide with a formula BeAl2O 4.Zaire. This variety occurs in pegmatites of Madagascar and Pala(in California in USA).Sierra Leone.blue and red . Rock crystal is Quartz and is the most common mineral of the earth.621.. It is Silicon Dioxide with a formula SiO 2. The highly prized colour for this is light golden brown often with a shadow that gives a light and dark'milk and Honey’ effect.741.osfa. The very rare and valuable Alexandrite changes from green in daylight to red. Pure and colourless diamond is the most popular but other varieties like yellow. brain.and combined with its exceptional luster and brilliance.mauve.71.brown. It is best when it is transparent and differs only that when cut .Madagascar. This effect is due to canal or feather like fluid inclusions.Gemstones. Diamonds are graded for four "C"s for gem quality—Colour.Zimbabwe.it does not produce the effect of a white line across it. DIAMOND Diamond is the hardest mineral on earth. The formula for this is Na(Li.06. Swiss and French Alps. Because of the uniform arrangement of the carbon atoms.e. China also produce Cat’s eye. thymus and thyroid.even black are also found. The semi precious substitute for this is Alexandrite. The stone decreases fear. Diamond is chemically Carbon and the formula is C.Botswana. The best stone is found in Urals in mica schists. http://www. Diamond has hardness of 10. Tourmaline helps in sleep disorders and is widely used for this.uk/Gemstones. These days Australia is main producer. worry and stress and helps increase sleep.former USSR.Refractive index 2.refractive index 1.htm[15/07/2013 12:08:07] . or needle like inclusions of rutile.Al)3Al6(Bo 3)Si 6O 18 (OH) 4. It also acts as a balance force for eyes. The hardness of Anchorite is 7.OSFA Article .Brazil. The hardness of this stone is 8.Burma. The crystals are usually found as hexagonal prisms with pyramidal ends.
The basic flaw in the system is that it does not take care of the position of other planets in the zodiacal ecliptic and also loses sight of many other astrological factors..specific gravity 2. It helps decrease anaemia. MOON SIGN ARIES (MESHA) RULING PLANET MARS(MANGAL) GEMSTONE RED CORAL (MOONGA) http://www. pain. vertigo . immune system. bubonic plague. radiation protection.OSFA Article . PRECIOUS GEMSTONE RUBY PEARL RED CORAL HESSONITE YELLOW SAPPHIRE BLUE SAPPHIRE EMERALD CAT’S EYE DIAMOND SEMI SUBSTITUTE RED GARNET PRECIOUS MOON STONE & OPAL CARNELIAN ZIRCON & AMBER GOLDEN TOPAZ TURQUOISE & LAPIS LAZULI PERIDOT ALEXANDRITE TOURMALINE & ROCK CRYSTAL 7. have many times received adverse results. headache.55 with a Trigonal crystal structure. The hardness of this stone is 7. Prescription on the basis of ‘ Janma Rashi ’ or the ‘ Moon sign’ In this system of prescription the gemstone is prescribed on the basis of the zodiacal sign in which Moon was posited at the time of birth. This system can lead to prescription of appropriate stone many times but wearers who have worn stones prescribed this way. It balances cell salts. fever. gland swellings. burns and blisters. The Indian names for the planets and the stones have also been given for convenience of the readers.65. amino acids.541. protein. pituitary gland and intestines. Quartz helps increase lactation.. tissue regeneration. and detoxification.osfa.org. constipation. READY RECKONING TABLE SHOWING PRECIOUS GEMSTONES AND THEIR SEMI PRECIOUS SUBSTITUTES. asthma. ulcers .Their Science and Use in Vedic Astrology . PRESCRIBING THE GEMSTONES Astrologers all over are prescribing gems for various purposes. We will give the description of all the systems here.refractive index 1. eyesight. sore throat. jaundice. There are basically four methods of prescribing the gemstones. stomach lining. The table below gives the results of the first method .dizziness.Gemstones.htm[15/07/2013 12:08:07] .uk/Gemstones. circulation.leukemia.
Their Science and Use in Vedic Astrology . the gemstone is prescribed on the basis of the sign which is rising at the time of the birth.Gemstones.. TAURUS (VRISH) GEMINI (MITHUN) CANCER (KARKA) LEO (SINGHA) VIRGO (KANYA) LIBRA (TULA) SCORPIO(VRISCHIK) SAGGITARIUS (DHANU) VENUS (SHUKRA) MERCURY (BUDH) MOON (CHANDRA) SUN (SURYA) MERCURY (BUDH) VENUS (SHUKRA) MARS (MANGAL) JUPITER (BRIHASPATI) DIAMOND (HEERA) EMERALD (PANNA) PEARL(MOTI) RUBY (MANIK) EMERALD (PANNA) DIAMOND (HEERA) RED CORAL (MOONGA) YELLOW SAPPHIRE (PUKHRAJ) CAPRICORN (MAKAR) SATURN (SHANI) BLUE SAPPHIRE (NEELAM) AQUARIUS (KUMBH) SATURN (SHANI) BLUE SAPPHIRE (NEELAM) PISCES (MEEN) JUPITER (BRIHASPATI) YELLOW SAPPHIRE (PUKHRAJ) Prescription on the basis of ‘ Lagna’ –the ‘ Birth Ascendant ’ In this system.uk/Gemstones. ACENDANT ARIES (MESHA) TAURUS (VRISH) GEMINI (MITHUN) CANCER (KARKA) LEO (SINGHA) RULING PLANET MARS(MANGAL) VENUS (SHUKRA) MERCURY (BUDH) MOON (CHANDRA) SUN (SURYA) GEMSTONE RED CORAL (MOONGA) DIAMOND (HEERA) EMERALD (PANNA) PEARL(MOTI) RUBY (MANIK) http://www..OSFA Article . The chart shown below gives a summary of this system of prescription. The stones prescribed this way may not give any effect at times and may adversely affect the native.osfa. The system has a flaw that it does not give credence to any other astrological factor.org.htm[15/07/2013 12:08:07] .
.OSFA Article . The table below shows in ready reckoner form this system of prescription. NAKSHATRA ASWINI BHARANI KRITTIKA ROHINI MRIGSHIRA ADRA PUNARVASU PUSHYAMI ASHLESHA MAGHA POORVA PHALGUNI RULING PLANET KETU VENUS SUN MOON MARS RAHU JUPITER SATURN MERCURY KETU VENUS GEMSTONE CAT’S EYE DIAMOND RUBY PEARL RED CORAL HESSONITE YELLOW SAPPHIRE BLUE SAPPHIRE EMERALD CAT’S EYE DIAMOND http://www. But at times it does not give desired results as this system also ignores other astrological factors during the process of prescription of stones to a native.org. This system in practice has been used for prescribing gemstones with amazing accuracy.htm[15/07/2013 12:08:07] ..Their Science and Use in Vedic Astrology .uk/Gemstones.Gemstones. VIRGO (KANYA) LIBRA (TULA) SCORPIO(VRISCHIK) SAGGITARIUS (DHANU) MERCURY (BUDH) VENUS (SHUKRA) MARS (MANGAL) JUPITER (BRIHASPATI) EMERALD (PANNA) DIAMOND (HEERA) RED CORAL (MOONGA) YELLOW SAPPHIRE (PUKHRAJ) CAPRICORN (MAKAR) SATURN (SHANI) BLUE SAPPHIRE (NEELAM) AQUARIUS (KUMBH) SATURN (SHANI) BLUE SAPPHIRE (NEELAM) PISCES (MEEN) JUPITER (BRIHASPATI) YELLOW SAPPHIRE (PUKHRAJ) Prescription on the basis of ‘ Janma Nakshatra ’-the ‘ Birth Constellation’ In this system the prescription is based on the constellation (Nakshatra) rising at the time of birth.osfa.
Step5.Their Science and Use in Vedic Astrology .. -. Step 6.org. Step3.OSFA Article . . Step 4.htm[15/07/2013 12:08:07] . Step 1.Next all the nine planets are examined in rasi chart to see their strengths.The Lagna is looked at first and then the lord of ascendant is checked for its auspiciousness in the Rasi and Navamsa chart. but it should be kept in mind that a qualified Astrologer is a prerequisite to make use of this system...Then the position of the planet ruling the Mahadasha (Major Planetary Period) is checked. The steps involved in this system are discussed below. -. -.. http://www.uk/Gemstones. Sometimes the ruling planet of antardasha is also factored in.Then the Moon rasi is checked and the lord of Moon sign is checked for auspiciousness . The system takes into account various astrological factors before prescribing the gemstone.Gemstones.osfa.Then the Janma Nakshatra is checked including the lord and its dispositor for auspiciousness.Then the sign ownership of various planets is also given due consideration. UTTRA PHALGUNI HASTA CHITRA SWATI VISHAKA ANURADHA JYESHTA MOOLA POORVASHADA UTTARASHADA SRAVANA DHANISHTA POORV BHADRAPAD UTTRA BHADRAPAD REVATHI SUN MOON MARS RAHU JUPITER SATURN MERCURY KETU VENUS SUN MOON MARS JUPITER SATURN MERCURY RUBY PEARL RED CORAL HESSONITE YELLOW SAPPHIRE BLUE SAPPHIRE EMERALD CAT’S EYE DIAMOND RUBY PEARL RED CORAL YELLOW SAPPHIRE BLUE SAPPHIRE EMERALD Prescription by a qualified Astrologer---RECOMMENDED The most specific method is based on the prescription by a qualified Astrologer. This is recommended system as it leaves almost nothing to chance and tries to factor in all aspects before prescription. Step 2.
vo Venus Taurus Kaa.Gemstones.ttoo.tey http://www. then it should be invariably taken into account.poo. Step 7. If it does.leylow.voo.ddey.ddo.org.ddau.ho.htm[15/07/2013 12:08:07] RECOMMENDED GEM Choo.ro. The table below gives the bird’s eye view of details of the system.ddee.ddoo.aa Red Coral Diamond Emerald Pearl Ruby Emerald Venus Diamond .vey.ttey Sun Leo Tto. without any negative effect of the conflict of gems. Then that gemstone is not used and another gemstone is prescribed for further period. In such cases. Prescription on the basis of First letter of the Name In this system the gemstones are prescribed on the basis of the first letter of the name of the person as per Indian sound of pronunciation of that letter. Step 8. the astrologer is able to prescribe gemstones for a particular period only to derive the maximum benefits of it.kee.mo. this dynamic prescription of gemstones is very useful as the astrologer can derive benefits for the native from various gemstones at different points of time.mee..laa.tthau Mercury Virgo Raa.vee.oo.nnhau.aa Moon Cancer Maa.thaa.koo.shshau.chey.thee.cho.Then the chalit chart should also be made to see if a planet changes its position housewise.hey. The above system when used by qualified astrologer will give clear indications about the type of gemstone to be prescribed for a native.ddaa. -. derive more benefits.thoo.loo.pee.ttaa. in modern times the names are not given on the basis of the astrological consultations by people and the prescription of a gemstone may not be in tune with the actual horoscope of the native..roo.chhau.hoo.haa Mercury Gemini Hee. The system gives very indifferent results and is not very popular. Under such circumstances.uk/Gemstones. Normally the stones are prescribed for strengthening the planets which results in beneficial effects.ttee.some of the gemstones interfere with the cosmic effects of other gems also and thus are in conflict.o.po.osfa.ghau.mey. -.ke.paa.OSFA Article .The Navamsa chart has to be studied for all the factors simultaneously as it will pinpoint many hidden facts which are overlooked by looking at the Rasi Chart.Their Science and Use in Vedic Astrology .lee.ko.Logically. This dynamic way of prescription is actually very beneficial and is gaining ground in modern times. The natives who remain in touch with their astrologers as a counselor.moo. The reason is that.pey.ey.vaa. FIRST LETTER OF NAME LORD OF THE SIGN AND THE SIGN Mars Aries Ee.ree.rey.
thaw.bhee. however. Moonstone should not be prescribed with Hessonite and Cat’s Eye.Rahu and Ketu. The gems for Sun like Ruby and Garnet should not be used with Blue Sapphire.dhey.gaa. This type of jewellery is basically sold for cosmetic and vanity purposes without giving it a thought that they have a cosmic role to play in the lives of humans. The qualified astrologer.dhau.naa.saa..kho.yaa. Jupiter is incompatible with Mercury and Venus.jee. Sometimes it has been seen that the position of planets in the horoscope also shows that combination of certain gemstones would conflict.bhey Jupiter Sagittarius Bho.Gemstones.khee.chee Jupiter Pisces 7.low.khoo.khey.nee. The table below will give the general conflict existing between various gems and the planetary reasons for this astrologically.So. though monetarily expensive for the native.phaa. CONFLICTING GEMSTONES In modern times it is very important to look for the conflict between various varieties of gemstones. Hence.jaa. Thus.bhaw. it is equally important area of knowledge.loo. This dynamic prescription.bhoo.ddaa.go. They can prescribe conflicting gemstones at different points of time to derive maximum benefits from all the gemstones for a single native.org.jhaw.Venus. This is more important as these days jewellery has become a highly consumerist business and most of the times the jewelers are not aware of the occult and cosmic power of the gems.who are qualified and prescribe gems.Moon gems as Pearl.noo.yee Mars Scorpio Yey.see. can take liberty of prescribing combined gemstones also.chaa.dhoo. Yellow Sapphire Blue Sapphire Blue Sapphire Yellow Sapphire Red Coral PLANET SUN CONFLICTING GEMSTONES Sun is incompatible with Saturn.Jupiter gems like Yellow Sapphire should not be used with Emerald or MOON JUPITER http://www.gey.ney. has been very accurate and effective tool in the hands of a qualified astrologer.Diamond. Moon is incompatible with Rahu and Ketu.no.ley.gee Saturn Capricorn Goo.uk/Gemstones.yo.bhaa. For those astrologers . a qualified astrologer’s opinion should always be sought in wearing gemstones.. Thus it is very important even for a layman to have an idea about the conflict of various gemstones so that he himself can take precaution when it is not possible to consult an astrologer.OSFA Article . Libra Tho.osfa.aa Saturn Aquarius Dhee.Their Science and Use in Vedic Astrology .htm[15/07/2013 12:08:07] .Hessonite and Cat’s Eye.
Their Science and Use in Vedic Astrology . Diamond..Hence. Moon and Mars.Rahu gems like Hessonite should not be used with Ruby or Pearl.Gemstones. Saturn is incompatible with Sun. Mars is incompatible with Mercury and Saturn.. Mars gems like Red Coral should not be used with Emerald and Blue Sapphire. Ketu is incompatible with Sun and Moon.osfa. As Mercury is incompatible with Moon.Ketu gems like Cat’s Eye should not be used with Ruby or Pearl. RAHU KETU MERCURY VENUS SATURN Rahu is incompatible with Sun and Moon.uk/Gemstones. Venus is incompatible with the Sun and Moon.OSFA Article .Venus gems like Diamond should not be used with Ruby or Pearl. mercury gems such as Emerald should not be used with Pearl or Moonstone. Saturn gems such as Blue Sapphire should not be used with Ruby.org. Pearl or Red Coral. MARS Article By:Bipul Pathak June 2002.htm[15/07/2013 12:08:07] . Home Founders Readings Online Course Bookstore http://www.
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