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*(1(5$/  1.1 REFERENCES............................................................................................................................... .......................4 1.2 TERMINOLOGY ..................................................................................................................................................5 1.3 NETWORK AND SYSTEM OVERVIEW ...................................................................................................................6



(48,30(17 0$,1 &+$5$&7(5,67,&6 2.1 FREQUENCY BANDS AND CHANNEL ARRANGEMENTS .........................................................................................7 2.2 SYSTEM CONFIGURATIONS .................................................................................................................................7   FRQILJXUDWLRQ   +RW VWDQGE\ FRQILJXUDWLRQ   5DGLR WHUPLQDO FRQILJXUDWLRQV   5DGLR UHSHDWHU FRQILJXUDWLRQV   5DGLR FKDQQHO LGHQWLILFDWLRQ  2.3 INSTALLATION ...................................................................................................................................................9 2.4 SAFETY CONDITIONS ..........................................................................................................................................9 2.5 ENVIRONMENTAL CONDITIONS ..........................................................................................................................9 2.6 ELECTROMAGNETIC COMPATIBILITY CONDITIONS (EMC).................................................................................9 2.7 EQUIPMENT TYPE APPROVAL .............................................................................................................................9 2.8 MECHANICAL CHARACTERISTICS .......................................................................................................................9 2.9 SYSTEM SYNCHRONISATION ............................................................................................................................10 2.10 CONTROL AND SUPERVISION FACILITIES ......................................................................................................10 2.11 POWER SUPPLY............................................................................................................................................10 2.12 LOOPBACKS ................................................................................................................................................11 2.13 MS-AIS INSERTION .....................................................................................................................................11 2.14 SYSTEM PERFORMANCE ..............................................................................................................................12  0RQLWRULQJ RI V\VWHP SHUIRUPDQFH   6\VWHP SHUIRUPDQFH FDOFXODWLRQV   (TXLSPHQW EDFNJURXQG %(5 5HVLGXDO %(5   6\VWHP JDLQ  6\VWHP VLJQDWXUH  2.15 SYSTEM RELIABILITY ...................................................................................................................................13  0HDQ 7LPH %HWZHHQ )DLOXUH 07%)  2.16 INTERFERENCE SENSITIVITY ........................................................................................................................13  &RFKDQQHO LQWHUIHUHQFH VHQVLWLYLW\   $GMDFHQW FKDQQHO LQWHUIHUHQFH VHQVLWLYLW\ 



75$16&(,9(5 &+$5$&7(5,67,&6  3.1 IF & DC-INTERFACE TO BRANCHING UNIT.......................................................................................................14 3.2 RF-INTERFACE TO BRANCHING UNIT ................................................................................................................14 3.3 RF-INPUT MONITORING ....................................................................................................................................14 3.4 SPURIOUS EMISSIONS .......................................................................................................................................14 3.5 TRANSMITTER CHARACTERISTICS ....................................................................................................................15  2XWSXW SRZHU   $XWRPDWLF0DQXDO 7UDQVPLWWHU 3RZHU &RQWURO $73&073&   7;RVFLOODWRU IUHTXHQF\ WROHUDQFH  5) VSHFWUXP PDVNV   6SHFWUDO OLQHV DW WKH V\PERO UDWH   ,) LQSXW FKDUDFWHULVWLFV 3.6 RECEIVER CHARACTERISTICS...........................................................................................................................17  5HFHLYHU WKUHVKROG 
L.nr. 29059 Rev. E 99.04.28 RE/Irg

CityLink

     

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%5$1&+,1* $1' 5)),/7(5,1* &+$5$&7(5,67,&6  4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 GENERAL DESCRIPTION....................................................................................................................................18 INTERFACE TO ANTENNA FEEDER SYSTEM .......................................................................................................18 INTERFACE FOR COAXIAL CABLE TO IDU.........................................................................................................18 RF - FILTER USABLE BANDWIDTH AND TYPICAL LOSSES ..................................................................................18

 

,)&$%/( &+$5$&7(5,67,&6  02'(0 &+$5$&7(5,67,&6 6.1 MODULATOR CHARACTERISTICS ......................................................................................................................20 6.2 DEMODULATOR CHARACTERISTICS..................................................................................................................20 6.3 CHARACTERISTICS OF SIGNALS TRANSMITTED BETWEEN IDU AND ODU ........................................................20



%$6(%$1' &+$5$&7(5,67,&6  7.1 SECTION OVER HEAD (SOH)...........................................................................................................................21  )UDPHZRUG DQG SDULW\ E\WHV   0HGLD VSHFLILF E\WHV   2WKHU 62+E\WHV 7.2 SCRAMBLING / DESCRAMBLING FUNCTIONS .....................................................................................................22 7.3 TRANSMISSION INTERFACES ............................................................................................................................22  *HQHUDO   7UDQVPLVVLRQ LQWHUIDFH FKDUDFWHULVWLFV  670 HOHFWULFDO   7UDQVPLVVLRQ LQWHUIDFH FKDUDFWHULVWLFV  670 RSWLFDO 7.4 64KB/S AND WAYSIDE CHANNELS ....................................................................................................................23  *HQHUDO    0EV ZD\VLGH FKDQQHO FKDUDFWHULVWLFV  NEV FKDQQHO FKDUDFWHULVWLFV



0$1$*(0(17 6<67(0 &+$5$&7(5,67,&6 8.1 GENERAL ............................................................................................................................... ..........................24 8.2 INTERFACES TO THE SUPERVISION SYSTEM ......................................................................................................24  *HQHUDO   /&' /('V   /&7 LQWHUIDFH 3& ,QWHUIDFH   /$1 LQWHUIDFH   1HWZRUN ,QWHUIDFH 1,   $OP $X[ LQWHUIDFH 



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CityLink

L.nr. 29059 Rev. E 99.04.28 RE/Irg

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Figure 1-1: Principle block diagram for a radio system .............................................................................. 6 Figure 2-2: 1+0 system overview ................................................................................................................ 7 Figure 2-1: Hot standby system overview................................................................................................... 8 Figure 2-2: Configuration examples............................................................................................................ 8 Figure 2-3: Looping of main data.............................................................................................................. 11 Figure 3-4: RF spectrum mask, 18 GHz band ............................................................................................ 16 Figure 3-5: RF spectrum mask, 23 and 25 GHz bands, 56MHz chan. spacing.......................................... 16 Figure 8-1: "Current loop" alarm input interface ...................................................................................... 26

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Appendix A: Channel arrangement ........................................................................................................... 28 Appendix B: Alarm List ............................................................................................................................ 30 Appendix C: Overview standard/optional features ................................................................................... 32

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CityLink

 *(1(5$/
The CityLink is a compact SDH radio-relay equipment designed for transmission of STM-1 capacity primarily for applications in urban areas. The CityLink is designed for split-mount installations with all RF modules contained in the Outdoor Unit (ODU) and mounted on the back of or nearby the antenna. The Indoor Unit (IDU) containing the baseband and modem circuitry, fits both ETSI and 19 standard racks. The following specifications apply to the CityLink operating in 18, 23 and 25GHz frequency bands with approximately 55MHz channel spacing.

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1. (76  : Radio Equipment and Systems (RES); Electro Magnetic Compatibility (EMC) standard for digital fixed radio links and ancillary equipment with data rates at around 2 Mbit/s and above. 2. (76   Equipment Engineering (EE); Environmental conditions and environmental tests for telecommunications equipment 3. (76  : Equipment Engineering (EE); Power supply interface at the input to telecommunication equipment; Part 1: Interface operated by Direct Current (DC) 4. SU(1   Transmission and Multiplexing (TM) High capacity digital radio-relay systems carrying 1 x Synchronous Transport Module-level 1 (1 x STM-1) signals operating in the 18GHz frequency band with channel spacing of 55MHz 5. SU(1   Transmission and Multiplexing (TM); Parameters for radio relay systems for the transmission of digital signals and analogue video signals operating at 23GHz. 6. SU(1   Transmission and Multiplexing (TM); Digital fixed point-to-point radio link equipment operating in the frequency range 24,25 GHz to 29,50 GHz. 7. ,785 5HF ) Radio-frequency channel arrangements for radio-relay systems operating in the 18 GHz band 8. ,785 ) Radio-frequency channel arrangements for radio-relay systems operating in the 23 GHz band 9. ,785 ) Radio-frequency channel arrangements for radio-relay systems operating in the 25, 26 and 28 GHz bands 10. (1 Safety and requirement for radio transmitting equipment 11. (1 Safety of laser products. Part 1: Equipment classification, requirements and users guide. 12. (1 Safety of laser products. Part 2: Safety of optical fibre communication systems. 13. ,785 5HF ) Architectures and Functional Aspects of Radio-Relay Systems for SDHBased Networks 14. ,787 5HF * Physical/Electrical Characteristics of Hierarchical Digital Interfaces. 15. ,787 5HF * Digital Transmission Systems - Terminal Equipment - General 16. ,787 5HF * Characteristics of Synchronous Digital Hierarchy (SDH) Equipment Functional Blocks. 17. ,787 5HF * The Control of Jitter and Wander within Digital Networks which are based on the 2048 kbit/s Hierarchy. 18. ,787 5HF * Error Performance Parameters and Objectives for International, Constant Bit Rate Digital Paths at or above the Primary Rate. 19. ,787 5HF * Digital Sections based on the 2048 kbit/s hierarchy. 20. ,787 5HF * Optical Interfaces for Equipment and Systems Relating to the Synchronous 4 CityLink

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21. 22. 23. 24. 25.

Digital Hierarchy. ,787 5HF * Digital Line Systems based on the Synchronous Digital Hierarchy for use on Optical Fibre Cables. (76   Equipment Engineering (EE); European telecommunications standards for equipment practice. ,(&  Dimensions of mechanical structures of the 486.6mm (19in) series: Cabinet and pitches of the rack structures. ,(&  Dimensions of mechanical structures of the 486.6mm (19in) series: Subrack and associated plug in units. ,(((  Carrier Sense Multiple Access with Collision Detection

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Add/Drop/Multiplex Alarm Indication Signal Application Specific Integrated Circuit Adaptive Time Domain Equaliser Automatic Transmitter Power Control Administrative Unit Administrative Unit Group Bit Error Rate Bit Interleaved Parity Container Data Communications Channel Embedded Control Channel ElectroMagnetic Compatibility Early Warning Finite Impulse Response High Bit Error Rate InDoor Unit Low Bit Error Rate Local Craft Terminal Loss Of Frame Loss Of Signal Multi-Longitudinal Mode Multiplex Section Multiplex Section Overhead Multiplex Section Protection Multiplex Section Termination Mean Time Between Failure Nera Element vieW Nera Element vieW.- Network Management System; Element Manager for all Nera network elements Nera Element vieW.- Configurator; Configurator for CityLink radio relay OutDoor Unit Out Of Frame Private Automatic Branch eXchange Pulse Code Modulation Physical Interface Phase Locked Loop Path OverHead Pseudo Random Bit Sequence Phase Shift Keying Peripheral Unit Interface Radio Frequency Radio Frequency Identification Radio Protection Switching Radio-Relay Regenerator Radio-Relay Terminal

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CityLink

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56 562+ 567 6'+ 6(76 6103 62+ 670 69&( 6: 7&0 701 78 7&3,3 78* 9&

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Regenerator Section Regenerator Section overhead Regenerator Section Termination Synchronous Digital Hierarchy Synchronous Equipment Timing Source Simple Network Management Protocol Section OverHead Synchronous Transport Module, 1 means the lowest defined datarate = 155.520Mbit/sec SerVice ChannEl, used to define the voice channel circuit board SoftWare Trellis Coded Modulation Telecommunication Management Network Tributary Unit Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol Tributary Unit Group Virtual Container

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A principle block diagram for a digital radio relay system, including the main blocks, is shown in Figure 1. The block diagram includes marked interface points which serve as reference points for several technical parameters used in this document. Baseband interfaces for the equipment are STM-1 electrical or optical, 2Mb/s wayside channel and 64kb/s insert channel.

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Modulator & Baseband

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CityLink

L.nr. 29059 Rev. E 99.04.28 RE/Irg

 (48,30(17 0$,1 &+$5$&7(5,67,&6  )UHTXHQF\ EDQGV DQG FKDQQHO DUUDQJHPHQWV


)UHTXHQF\ EDQG )UHTXHQF\ UDQJH 5HFRPPHQGDWLRQV $GMDFHQW FKDQQHO VSDFLQJ 0+] 55 56 56 56 7[5[ GXSOH[ VSDFLQJ 0+] 1010 MHz 1232 MHz 1008 MHz 1008 MHz

18GHz 23GHz 23GHz 25GHz

17.7-19.7GHz 21.2-23.6GHz 21.2-23.6GHz 24.25-26.5GHz

ITU-R F.595-5 ITU-R F.637-2 ITU-R F.637-2 and prEN 300 198 ITU-R F.748-2

Channel arrangements for the various frequency bands are shown in Appendix A. Note: Channels 1(1) and 17(17) in the 18 GHz band can not be used with the current version of the transceiver.

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CityLink is available in 1+0 (unprotected) and hot standby configurations.

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This system consists of one indoor unit and one outdoor unit interconnected with a single coaxial cable. Figure 2-2 shows a 1+0 system overview. Each of the shaded area represents a unit. The IDU is a single unit. The ODU is assembled by transceiver unit and branching unit.

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In hot standby configuration the IDU, the transceiver unit and the coaxial cable between IDU and ODU are duplicated. The two transceivers share the same branching unit. A switch at radio frequency level, included in the branching unit, allows for switching between the two transmitters. A splitter and switching unit placed between the two IDUs is added. For each terminal one antenna is used. The STM-1 interfaces between the IDUs and hot standby IDU switch are always at electrical level even if the protected STM-1 user interface is optical.

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CityLink

Non protected user interfaces

IDU A Transceiver A Hot standby IDU switch Transceiver B IDU B )LJXUH  +RW VWDQGE\ V\VWHP RYHUYLHZ Branching unit

Protected user interfaces

Non protected user interfaces

See chapter 0 for technical specification of the hot standby function.

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The STM-1 radio channel can be configured with RS- or MS-termination according to ITU-T Rec.G.783. Figure 2-2 shows examples of various configurations.

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A radio repeater is built by using two terminals. The interface between the terminals is STM-1. The repeater can be configured with RS-termination according to ITU-T Rec. G.783.

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The radio channel is identified by two allocated bits in the media specific byte (MS#3) in SOH. Channel identification is controlled by NEW SW.

CityLink

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The equipment is very easy and quick to install. It is designed for stationary use in split mount installations but can also be all indoor mounted. One coaxial cable between IDU and ODU is used. (One cable for 1+0 systems and two cables for hot standby systems.)

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The equipment conforms to EN60215. The optical interfaces conform to EN60825-1 and EN60825-2.

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The equipment conforms to the environmental classes defined in ETS-300-019: 7UDQVSRUWDWLRQ 6WRUDJH 8VH ETS-300-019-1-2, class 2.3, public transportation. ETS-300-019-1-1, class 1.2, weather protected, not temperature-controlled storage locations. (extreme temperature range: -25C to +55C). Indoor mounted units: Temperature range: -5C to +50C. According to ETS-300-019-1-3, class 3.2, partly temperaturecontrolled locations, for temperature -5C to +45C. For temperatures between +45C and +50C the relative humidity shall be between 5% and 40%. Outdoor mounted units: Standard temperature range: -33C to +50C. According to ETS-300-019-1-4, class 4.1, non weather protected locations, for temperature -33C to +40C. For temperature between +40C and +50C the relative humidity shall be between 15% and 35%. )RU WHPSHUDWXUHV EHORZ & WKH HTXLSPHQW PXVW EH VZLWFKHG RQ IRU DW OHDVW  PLQXWHV LQ RUGHU WR RSHUDWH DFFRUGLQJ WR WKH VSHFLILFDWLRQV

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The equipment conforms to the EMC standard as specified in ETS 300 385 for grade B equipment.

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The equipment meets the requirements for CE labelling. CE marking is located on both IDU and ODU.

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The ODU can be mounted on the back of Nera antennas (=0.45 m, 0.6m or 1.2m), or on a vertical column (=115mm or =75mm). A column arrangement for tower, wall, and roof mounting is optionally supplied. The IDU can be installed as a stand-alone unit, or it can be mounted within an ETSI standard cabinet (ref. ETS 300 119) or 19 standard cabinet (ref. IEC 297-2 and IEC 297-3). It may be wall mounted as well.

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CityLink

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IDU Note 1: Hot standby IDU switch Note 1: Outdoor unit, 1+0 terminal: Outdoor unit, hot standby terminal:

483mm (W) x 250mm (D) x 50mm (H) 483mm (W) x 250mm (D) x 50mm (H) 135mm (W) x 310mm (D) x 430mm (H) 225mm (W) x 310mm (D) x 450mm (H)

Note 1: The width and depth of the unit are exclusive flanges (mounting brackets) and table studs for free-standing mounting. Special brackets for mounting into different cabinets are available.

The minimum distance between IDUs when stacked vertically is 10mm. The minimum height of a hot standby terminal is approx. 200 mm when mounted in ETSI rack, and approx. 220 mm when mounted in 19 rack. :HLJKWV Indoor unit: Hot standby IDU switch: Transceiver unit: Branching unit, 1+0 Branching unit, hot standby Antenna unit (Diameter 0.45m): Antenna unit (Diameter 0.6m): Antenna unit (Diameter 1.2m): Approx. 4 kg Approx. 3.5 kg Approx. 5.5 kg Approx. 2.8 kg Approx. 5 kg Approx. 13 kg Approx. 15 kg Approx. 38 kg

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The system can be synchronised to one of the following sources: STM-1 signal from line side STM-1 signal from radio side Internal oscillator

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In order to facilitate system control and fault finding, an internal control- and supervision system is included. This system is used to perform configuration-, fault-, event- and performance management. See chapter 8 for more details.

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The equipment operates from a battery supply between -40.5 volt and -57 volt, nominally -48 volt DC according to ETS 300 132-2. The primary DC-power is supplied to the indoor unit through a fuse and a filtering function that includes input filter to attenuate the common mode noise. The power to the outdoor unit is supplied from the indoor unit via the IF coaxial cable. Maximum power consumption *: IDU: ODU: Hot standby IDU switch 1+0 system: Hot standby system: 1+0 system: Hot standby system: < 30 W < 85 W < 15W < 115 W < 245 W < 80 W < 175 W

Average power consumption *:

* With nominal battery supply voltage, i.e. 48 volt.

10

CityLink

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 /RRSEDFNV
For testing and fault finding there is a variety of integrated loopbacks. Figure 2-3 shows possible loops for the main data. In addition the 64kb/s channel and the 2Mb/s wayside channel may be looped. Only one loop may be active at the same time. The loopbacks are configured by NEW SW. The table below describes the looping possibilities.

IDU
SOH processing

ODU
MODULATOR IF IF TRANSMITTER RF Coaxial Cable

STM-1

Line Decoder

1) 2)
STM-1
Line Encoder DEMODULATOR

IF LINE 3) Interface

4)

IF LINE Interface RECEIVER

5)

IF IF

RF

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Name STM-1 baseband loop, far-end STM-1 baseband loop, near-end IF loop IDU, near-end IF loop ODU, near-end RF loop, near-end 2Mb/s wayside loop, near-end 2Mb/s wayside loop, far-end 64kb/s loops, far-end

Description Loop 1) in Figure 2-3. Loop 2) in Figure 2-3 Loop 3) in Figure 2-3 Loop 4) in Figure 2-3 Loop 5) in Figure 2-3 The incoming 2Mb/s wayside is looped back to 2Mb/s wayside output. The 2Mb/s wayside output is looped back to 2Mb/s wayside input. The 64kb/s data channel output may be looped back to the corresponding input.

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MS-AIS may be inserted when one of the following criteria is detected: Loss of synchronisation at STM-1 signal. RF identification mismatch. HBER (high bit error rate) threshold, in direction from the transceiver, is exceeded. Regenerator section trace (J0) mismatch. The MS-AIS insertion, in both directions, is configured by NEW SW. The MS-AIS removal time may be configured from 0 to 199 seconds in 1-second steps.

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CityLink

11

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Transmission performance data is monitored continuously by the built-in supervision function. The supervision function performs measurements and calculations based on the BIP-codes in the STM-1 frame. Error information from the Trellis decoder in the demodulator is also available. See description of the error pulse outputs in chapter 8.2.6.

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Performance data can be presented according to ITU-T Rec. G.826. The following system quality calculations are included: 5HJHQHUDWRU 6HFWLRQ 7HUPLQDWLRQ &DOFXODWLRQV 3HUIRUPDQFH &DOFXODWLRQV EDVHG RQ % %,3 Error Second Ratio (ESR) yes Severely Error Second Ratio (SESR) yes Background Block Error Ratio (BBER) yes Unavailable state (UAS) yes 0XOWLSOH[HU 6HFWLRQ 7HUPLQDWLRQ &DOFXODWLRQ EDVHG RQ % %,3 yes yes yes yes

The actual availability of these options depends on the selected configuration.

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Equipment background BER is measured under simulated operating conditions over an artificial hop without interference. The input signal level at point C is between 15 dB and 40 dB above the level which gives BER = 10-3. In a measurement period of 24 hours the number of bit errors shall be less than 10 (BER 10-12). The BER shall be measured on 140Mb/s PRBS sequence mapped into the STM-1 frame.

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Guaranteed values:

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1+0 system gain CC (10-3) [dB] Hot standby system gain CC (10-3) [dB]

*+]
90 83

*+]
89 82

*+]
89 82

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System signature is specified including Adaptive Time Domain Equaliser (ATDE). The system will recover after loss of synchronisation if the notch-depth is 10 dB for both minimum and non-minimum phase. Signature mask (delay = 6.3ns): BER = 10-3 BER = 10-6 Max. notch depth, both minimum and non-minimum phase 12 dB 10 dB Signature bandwidth: < 18 MHz < 20 MHz Signature factor, typical value [1/MHz]: 3.5 5.0

12

CityLink

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The reliability and stability of the equipment are such as to allow unstaffed stations.

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The MTBF figures are predicted and calculated according to methods in MIL-HDBK-217E including adjustment for experienced field data. 07%) 8QLW QDPH 07%) & DPELHQW WHPS & DPELHQW WHPS [KRXUV] [KRXUV] Transceiver Unit >360.000 >140.000 Branching unit, 1+0 >2.700.000 >2.600.000 Branching unit, hot standby inc. RF switch >2.100.000 >2.000.000 Indoor unit >390.000 >200.000 Hot standby IDU switch >500.000 >350.000

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18GHz freq. band: 23GHz freq. band: 25GHz freq. band: According to prEN 300 430. According to prEN 300 198. According to prEN 300 431.

The limits of the co-channel interference sensitivity are shown in Table 2-1, referred to point B. The tables show maximum C/I values for 1dB and 3dB increase of the 10-6 BER threshold. 56/ # %(5 56/ #  (TXLSPHQW 7KUHVKROG  G%  G% GHJUDGDWLRQ Max. C/I  *+]  G%  G% Max. C/I  *+]  G%  G% Max. C/I  *+]  G%  G% 7DEOH  &RFKDQQHO LQWHUIHUHQFH VHQVLWLYLW\

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18GHz freq. band: 23GHz freq. band: 25GHz freq. band: According to prEN 300 430. According to prEN 300 198. According to prEN 300 431.

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CityLink

13

The limits of the adjacent channel interference sensitivity are as given in Table 2-2, referred to point B. The tables show maximum C/I values for 1dB and 3dB increase of the 10-6 BER threshold. 56/ # %(5 56/ #  (TXLSPHQW 7KUHVKROG  G%  G% GHJUDGDWLRQ Max. C/I  *+]  G%  G% Max. C/I  *+]  G%  G% Max. C/I  *+]  G%  G% 7DEOH  $GMDFHQW FKDQQHO LQWHUIHUHQFH VHQVLWLYLW\

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Type of connector: Hermetic D-sub with one coax and 4 pins, male.
Note: This is an internal interface. It is not available for measurements when the system is in operation.

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PBR220 waveguide flange is used.
Note: This is an internal interface. It is not available for measurements when the system is in operation.

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One BNC connector at the transceiver unit is available for RF-input monitoring. (By using a high impedance voltmeter, 1.3 volt corresponds to -70dBm and 0.1 volt increase corresponds to 10dB increase in signal level.) An audio signal in the transceiver indicates RF-input level when the cap on the connector is removed. The RF-input may also be monitored at the local LCD display at the IDU, or by NEW SW. Accuracy: +5dB/- 2dB

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18GHz freq. band: 23GHz freq. band: 25GHz freq. band: According to prEN 300 430. According to prEN 300 198. According to prEN 300 431.

The limit values of transmitter spurious emissions measured in point C are shown in Table 3-1, Table 3-2 and Table 3-3.
30 MHz to 21.2 GHz 21.2 GHz to 60 GHz -50 dBm -30 dBm

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9 kHz to 21.2 GHz -50 dBm

14

CityLink

L.nr. 29059 Rev. E 99.04.28 RE/Irg

21.2 GHz to 110 GHz

-30 dBm

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30 MHz to 21.2 GHz 21.2 GHz to 80 GHz -50 dBm -30 dBm

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Guaranteed values measured with modulation (PRBS-data).

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Output power at A [dBm] 1+0 system; Output power at C [dBm] Hot standby system; Output power at C [dBm]

*+]
+18.0 +17.0 +14.0

*+]
+17.5 +16.5 +13.5

*+]
+17.5 +16.5 +13.5

Nominal values are 1 dB higher than the guaranteed values. Tolerance: +2 / -1 dB

 $XWRPDWLF0DQXDO 7UDQVPLWWHU 3RZHU &RQWURO $73&073&


ATPC is an optional feature which is aimed to drive the TX Power amplifier output level from a proper minimum, which is calculated to facilitate the radio network planning and is used in the case of normal propagation, up to a maximum value which is given in chapter 3.5.1. When ATPC is disabled (i.e. MTPC mode), the output power can be set by NEW SW. ATPC-figures: Transmitter power output regulation speed: ATPC-range (from maximum to minimum output power): Nominal input level is adjustable through the supervision system. Adjustment range:

Approx. 50 dB/s 10 dB

-30 dBm to -60 dBm

ATPC may be used with hot standby configuration if simultaneous switching of Tx and Rx switches at the same terminal is configured.

MTPC figures: MTPC range: 10 dB Step size: 1dB Accuracy: See output power tolerance in chapter 3.5.1.

 7;RVFLOODWRU IUHTXHQF\ WROHUDQFH


Frequency tolerance: 10 ppm This limit includes both short-term factors (environmental effects) and long-term ageing effects.

L.nr. 29059 Rev. E 99.04.28 RE/Irg

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15

 5) VSHFWUXP PDVNV


RF spectrum masks are shown in Figure 3-4 and Figure 3-5.

10 (0,+1) 0 -10 -20 -30 -40 -50 -60 -200 -150 -100 -50 0 (70,-50) 50 100 (137.5,-50) 150 200 (33,-30) (22.5,+1)

Arrpssr1HC3

)LJXUH  5) VSHFWUXP PDVN  *+] EDQG

10 0 -10 -20 -30 -40 -50 -60 -200 -150 -100 -50 0 50 100 150 200 (33,-30) (80,-50) (65,-35) (140,-50) (0,+1) (22.5,+1)

Arrpssr1HC3

)LJXUH  5) VSHFWUXP PDVN  DQG  *+] EDQGV 0+] FKDQ VSDFLQJ

 6SHFWUDO OLQHV DW WKH V\PERO UDWH


18GHz freq. band: 23GHz freq. band: 25GHz freq. band: According to prEN 300 430 (-37dBc). According to prEN 300 198 (-23dBc). According to prEN 300 431 (-35dBc).

 ,) LQSXW FKDUDFWHULVWLFV


Centre frequency: Input level (at 350MHz): Impedance:
Reference point is N-connector at branching unit

350 MHz -42dBm to +1dBm 50 unbalanced

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 5HFHLYHU FKDUDFWHULVWLFV  5HFHLYHU WKUHVKROG


Guaranteed receiver threshold in point C with 32TCM modulation (Measured with PRBS of 2 23-1). Typical values are about 1dB lower.  V\VWHP )UHTXHQF\ EDQG BER 10-3 [dBm] BER 10-6 [dBm] BER 10-8 [dBm] +RW VWDQGE\ V\VWHP )UHTXHQF\ EDQG BER 10-3 [dBm] BER 10-6 [dBm] BER 10-8 [dBm] *+] -69.0 -66.0 -63.5 *+] -68.5 -65.5 -63.0 *+] -68.5 -65.5 -63.0 *+] -73.0 -70.0 -67.5 *+] -72.5 -69.5 -67.0 *+] -72.5 -69.5 -67.0

 0D[LPXP LQSXW VLJQDO OHYHO


Maximum input signal levels in point C (Measured with PRBS of 223-1). These limits apply without interference: BER 10-3 BER 10-8 -20.0 dBm -24.0 dBm

 5;RVFLOODWRU IUHTXHQF\ WROHUDQFH


Frequency tolerance: 10 ppm This limit includes both short-term factors (environmental effects) and long-term ageing effects.

 ,PDJH IUHTXHQF\ DWWHQXDWLRQ


Not applicable for single channel systems, ref. prEN 300 430, prEN 300 198 and prEN 300 431.

 1RLVH ILJXUH )UHTXHQF\ EDQG


Noise figure F at point A [dB] Noise figure F at point C [dB] Note 1 Noise figure F at point C [dB] Note 2
Note 1: 1+0 system with wideband branching filters. Note 2: Hot standby system with symmetrical RF splitter.

*+]
5.0 6.0 10.0

*+]
5.5 6.5 10.5

*+]
5.5 6.5 10.5

L.nr. 29059 Rev. E 99.04.28 RE/Irg

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17

 ,) RXWSXW FKDUDFWHULVWLFV


Centre frequency: Output level: Output level tolerance: Impedance:
Reference point is N-connector at branching unit

140 MHz -10dBm -2dB to +1dB 50 unbalanced

 %5$1&+,1* $1' 5)),/7(5,1* &+$5$&7(5,67,&6  *HQHUDO GHVFULSWLRQ


The branching unit will be available in two different mechanical designs; one for 1+0 systems and one for hot standby systems. Antenna circulator and RF filters are included in the branching unit. In the hot standby version the RF switch and RF splitter are also included in the branching unit. The branching unit uses broadband RF filters. In each frequency band the 1+0 branching and the hot standby branching will each be available in 4 different variants. See Appendix A for details.

 ,QWHUIDFH WR DQWHQQD IHHGHU V\VWHP


Between the branching unit and the antenna a flexible waveguide with PBR220 flanges is used. Vertical polarisation at the antenna is the normal situation. Horizontal polarisation is obtained by rotating the antenna feeder unit by 90 degrees. Length and typical losses of flexible waveguide: 127mm / 0.1dB used together with Nera antennas with diameter 0.45m and 0.6m. 285mm / 0.3dB used together with Nera antennas with diameter 1.2m.

 ,QWHUIDFH IRU FRD[LDO FDEOH WR ,'8


The cable from the IDU is connected to the branching unit. The IF signals and DC power are separated in the branching unit and connected to the transceiver unit(s). With this solution the cable may remain connected during transceiver replacement. Type of connector: N-connector, female

 5)  ILOWHU XVDEOH EDQGZLGWK DQG W\SLFDO ORVVHV


In the table below point C/C is located at the branching unit. See also Appendix A. *+] RF filter usable bandwidth 1+0 system; Loss A - C (C - A) Hot standby system; Loss A - C Hot standby system; Loss C - A 520 MHz 1.0 dB 4.0 dB 5.0 dB *+] 640 MHz 1.0 dB 4.0 dB 5.0 dB *+] 500 MHz 1.2 dB 4.2 dB 5.2 dB

18

CityLink

L.nr. 29059 Rev. E 99.04.28 RE/Irg

 ,)&$%/( &+$5$&7(5,67,&6
The IDU and ODU are interconnected with use of one singe coaxial cable per radio channel. The cable must be in accordance with the following requirements: &DEOH UHTXLUHPHQWV Characteristic impedance: Max. attenuation at 140 MHz: Max. attenuation at 350 MHz: Max. DC resistance: Max. cable length: Type of cable connector: 5HFRPPHQGHG FDEOH 50 3 30 dB 40 dB < 1.5 , sum of inner and outer conductor 300 meters N-connector, male (at cable side) - Flexible tube coaxial cable e.g. FSJ1-50. ()

2WKHU FDEOHV PD\ DOVR EH XVHG IRU H[DPSOH - Cellflex CF Cu 2Y, 50 -Cellflex LCF 3/8 Cu 2Y, 50 0D[LPXP FDEOH OHQJWKV Cable FSJ1-50 CF Cu 2Y, 50 LCF 3/8 Cu 2Y, 50

Maximum cable length with minimum supply voltage. (40.5 volt) 90 meter 200 meter 300 meter

Minimum supply voltage with 300 meter cable 47 volt 42 volt 40.5 volt

7KH IROORZLQJ VLJQDOV DUH WUDQVPLWWHG YLD WKH FDEOH IF signals, at 350MHz in the transmit direction and at 140MHz in the receive direction. Power to the ODU Modem - Transceiver Communication (MT-Com) for configuration and control of the ODU. FSK modulation is used. Over-voltage protection and cable equaliser are integral parts of the cable interface. See chapter 6.3 for more information about the signals.

L.nr. 29059 Rev. E 99.04.28 RE/Irg

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19

 02'(0 &+$5$&7(5,67,&6
The modem includes both modulator and demodulator. Modulation method: 32-TCM Gross-transmitted bit-rate: 155.52 Mb/s Symbol-rate: 38.88 Msym/s

 0RGXODWRU FKDUDFWHULVWLFV


99% power bandwidth: 18 GH band: Approx. 47 MHz 23 and 25 GHz bands: Approx. 54 MHz

 'HPRGXODWRU FKDUDFWHULVWLFV


Demodulator for 32-CROSS utilising coherent detection. Adaptive Time Domain Equaliser with 7 linear taps. Trellis decoder utilising the Viterbi algorithm. 3-dB bandwidth at IF: 38.88 MHz

 &KDUDFWHULVWLFV RI VLJQDOV WUDQVPLWWHG EHWZHHQ ,'8 DQG 2'8


IF output characteristics: Centre frequency: 350 MHz Output level: 0 dBm Output level tolerance: -2dB to +1dB Impedance: 50 ohm unbalanced Reference point is N-connector at IDU. IF input characteristics: Centre frequency: 140 MHz Input level: -42 dBm to -9 dBm Impedance: 50 ohm unbalanced Reference point is N-connector at IDU. Modem Transceiver Communications (MT-Com): The FSK modulated data channel is used for communication between -controllers in the transceiver unit and the IDU.

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 %$6(%$1' &+$5$&7(5,67,&6  6HFWLRQ 2YHU +HDG 62+


Use of Section OverHead bytes conforms to ITU-T Rec. G.707. Access to bytes in MSOH at a regenerator is according to ITU-R Rec.750. A description is given in Table 7-1: For available user channels see chapter 7.4. A1 B1 D1 H1 B2 D4 D7 D10 S1 A1 MS#1 MS#3 H1 B2 X X X Z1#1 A1 MS#2 X H1 B2 X X X Z1#2 A2 E1 D2 H2 K1 D5 D8 D11 Z2#1 A2 X X H2 X X X X Z2#2 A2 X X H2 X X X X M1 J0 F1 D3 H3 K2 D6 D9 D12 E2 N N X H3 X X X X N N N X H3 X X X X N

7DEOH  8WLOLVDWLRQ RI 62+ 6HFWLRQ 2YHU+HDG  VKDGHG E\WHV FDQ EH XVHG DV D ZD\VLGH FKDQQHO

 )UDPHZRUG DQG SDULW\ E\WHV


The first nine bytes in the STM-1 frame (row 1 in Section OverHead) are unscrambled according to ITUT Rec. G.707.

A1: A2: J0: B1: B2:

Frameword (11110110) Frameword (00101000) Regenerator Section Trace BIP-8 (Bit Interleaved Parity-8) (RST) BIP-24 (Bit Interleaved Parity-24) (MST)

Byte 8 and byte 9 in row 1 are reserved for national use. If not used these bytes contain the word 10101010 or 01010101.

 0HGLD VSHFLILF E\WHV


One byte in RSOH (MS#3) is used for internal radio specific purposes and is not available for external use. The bytes MS#1 and MS#2 are not used internally in CityLink. MS#1: User channel. MS#2: User channel. MS#3: RF-id, remote reset and ATPC.

 2WKHU 62+E\WHV


E1-byte: F1-byte: D1-D3 bytes: D4-D12 bytes: User channel. User channel. Embedded control channel - Regenerator, (ECC-R). Embedded control channel - Multiplexer, (ECC-M).

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21

E2-byte: User channel. K1/K2-byte: MSP function is not implemented. S1-byte: Synchronisation Status Message. Z1/Z2-byte: User channel. M1-byte: Multiplex Section - Remote Error Identifier (MS-REI). N-bytes: Reserved for national use. If the bytes are not used externally, they can be used as user channel

 6FUDPEOLQJ  GHVFUDPEOLQJ IXQFWLRQV


The system contains a radio specific scrambler / descrambler which randomises the transmitted digital signal in order to make the RF power spectrum as uniform as possible, irrespective of the transmitted data. The Network Node Interface (STM-1) is scrambled according to ITU-T Rec. G.707: Radio specific scrambler type: Radio specific scrambler polynomial: NNI scrambler type (ITU-T Rec. G.707 chapter 2.4): NNI scrambler polynomial: 15 bit parallel 1 + X14 + X15 7 bit parallel 1 + X 6 + X7

 7UDQVPLVVLRQ LQWHUIDFHV  *HQHUDO


The IDU is equipped with one main STM-1 data interface. Two alternative IDUs are available, one with electrical interface and one with optical interface. In the following chapters the main characteristics of the interfaces are listed.

 7UDQVPLVVLRQ LQWHUIDFH FKDUDFWHULVWLFV  670 HOHFWULFDO


Electrical interface according to ITU-T Rec. G.703: Bitrate: Line code: Impedance: Return loss (8 MHz to 240 MHz): Pulse amplitude: Maximum attenuation of input signal at 78 MHz: Connector type: 155.520 Mb/s 20 ppm CMI 75 unbalanced 15 dB 1.0 V 0.1 V 12.7 dB DIN47297, 1.0/2.3mm

Input jitter and wander tolerances are according to ITU-T Rec. G.783. Detailed parameters are given in ITU-T Rec. G.958. Output jitter and wander generation is according to ITU-T Rec. G.783. Jitter and wander transfer is according to ITU-T Rec. G.783 and ITU-T Rec. G.958. The jitter specifications are according to type B regenerator.

 7UDQVPLVVLRQ LQWHUIDFH FKDUDFWHULVWLFV  670 RSWLFDO


Optical interface according to ITU-T Rec. G.957; S-1.1: 22 CityLink
L.nr. 29059 Rev. E 99.04.28 RE/Irg

Bitrate: Operating wavelength range: Source type: Mean launched power: - Maximum: - Minimum: Spectral width RMS - Maximum: Minimum extinction ratio: Attenuation range: Minimum receiver sensitivity (BER < 10-10): Minimum receiver overload: Connector type :

155.520 Mb/s 20 ppm 1261 - 1360 nm MLM -8dBm -15dBm 7.7nm 8.2dB 0 - 12 dB - 28 dBm -8dBm SC

Input jitter tolerance, jitter transfer and jitter generation is according to ITU-T Rec. G.958, for type B regenerator.

 NEV DQG ZD\VLGH FKDQQHOV  *HQHUDO


As an optional feature, interface for one 64kbit/s data channel and one 2.048Mbit/s wayside channel, are available. The wayside and the 64kb/s channel are transmitted as parts of SOH. The 2.048 Mbit/s wayside channel uses the 33 shadowed bytes shown in Table 7-1. Provided that the shadowed bytes are available, the wayside channel can also be used in RS mode because the B2-parity will not be affected. When the wayside channel is not used, any of the shadowed bytes in the table may also be used for the 64kb/s data channel. Use of 2.048 Mb/s for wayside channel will limit the number of bytes available for the 64kbit channel to E1, E2, F1, Z1, Z2, MS#1 and MS#2. In RS-mode only E1, F1, MS#1 and MS#2 are available for 64kb/s channel.

  0EV ZD\VLGH FKDQQHO FKDUDFWHULVWLFV

Electrical interface according to ITU-T Rec. G.703: Bitrate: Line code: Impedance: Return loss 2.048 Mb/s 50 ppm HDB3 75 12 dB 18 dB 14 dB 2.37 V 0.237 V 6 dB DIN47297, 1.0/2.3mm

(.05MHz to .102 MHz): (0.102 MHz to 2.048 MHz): (2.048 MHz to 3.072 MHz): Pulse amplitude: Maximum attenuation of input signal at 1.024 MHz: Connector type:

Input jitter and wander tolerances are according to ITU-T Rec. G.823. Intrinsic jitter generation (i.e. output jitter in the absence of input jitter) is according to ITU-T Rec. G.921. Jitter and wander transfer is according to ITU-T Rec. G.921, ITU-T Rec. G.823 and ITU-T Rec. G.742.

 NEV FKDQQHO FKDUDFWHULVWLFV


The interface is according to V.11, contra directional without byte timing.

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23

Connector type:

RJ-45

 0$1$*(0(17 6<67(0 &+$5$&7(5,67,&6  *HQHUDO


An integrated supervision system makes the CityLink capable of functioning as a Network Element (NE) in a managed SDH transmission network. The supervision systems on the various radio-relay stations are exchanging information over the embedded communication channel, ECC. Standardised use of QECC is provided. For set up and configuration of the radio the enclosed NEW-Configurator SW, is needed. For network management and operation we provide the Nera Element vieW - Network Management System (NEW-NMS). The NEW-NMS element manager offers services such as fault management, performance management, configuration management and security management for all Nera network elements.

 ,QWHUIDFHV WR WKH VXSHUYLVLRQ V\VWHP  *HQHUDO


Various external interfaces are available for the supervision system. The standard interface is a Local Craft Terminal (LCT) interface for connection to the NEW-Configurator SW/NEW-NMS SW for configuration and set up, and network management of Network Elements (NEs). Other interfaces are Network Interface (NI) and LAN interface. The NI and LAN interfaces may be used for interconnection of Nera NEs or for connection to higher order Telecommunication Management Network (TMN). If LAN is not used a second NI interface may be used. An alarm input and auxiliary output interface is also available as an optional feature.

 /&'

/('V

A 2 x 16 character LCD display on the IDU combined with 4 push buttons are available for alarm view and RF input and output level monitoring on the local terminal. 4 LEDS on IDU show the alarm status of the terminal: One green LED indicating power on. One red LED indicating critical alarms. One red LED indicating major and minor alarms. One orange LED indicating warnings.

 /&7 LQWHUIDFH 3& ,QWHUIDFH


Electrical interface: Baudrate: Protocol: Connector type: RS-232 (DTE) 1.200 - 115.200kbit/s asynchronous Proprietary 9 pin D-Sub, male

 /$1 LQWHUIDFH


Two alternative connections are provided for 10Mb/s Ethernet:

24

CityLink

L.nr. 29059 Rev. E 99.04.28 RE/Irg

LAN (TP): Twisted pair interface (IEEE802.3): Embedded 10BASE-T Medium Attachment Unit (MAU). Connector type: RJ-45 LAN(AUI): Attachment Unit Interface (IEEE802.3): This interface serves as a connection point for an external Medium Attachment Unit (MAU), common mentioned as an Ethernet transceiver. Since the limited space on the front of the equipment an additional drop cable is required to connect the MAU. For thin-wire coaxial Ethernet use a 10BASE2 MAU. Connector type: 15 pin D-Sub, female (with screw lock)

 1HWZRUN ,QWHUIDFH 1, 


One NI interface is available. If LAN is not used than a second NI interface may be used. Electrical interface: RS-485 Baudrate: 1.200 - 115.200kbit/s asynchronous or 64 - 200kbit/s synchronous Protocol: Proprietary Connector type: 9 pin D-sub, female

 $OP

$X[ LQWHUIDFH

Auxiliary external alarm inputs: Number: 8 Type: 4 Current loop Note 1 and 4 TTL Connector type: 25 pin D-dub (female) Auxiliary outputs: Number: 4 Type: Relay Max switching current: 0.5A in resistive load Connector: 25 pin D-dub (female) (Same connector as used for the auxiliary alarm inputs) Mapping of local alarms (i.e. alarms from local terminal), configured by NEW SW, are available at the output pins. Error pulse outputs: One pulsed output, available simultaneous at 3 different level formats, may be configured by NEW SW to one of the following sources: B1- or B2- parity error pulses, from line side or radio side. Error pulses from Trellis decoder. Minimum pulse width (logical high level): 1s Minimum distance between two pulses (logical low level): 3.3s Minimum pulses at unavailable channel: 72.000 pulses/s Type: V.11 Open collector Optoisolator Connector type: 25 pin D-dub (female) (Same connector as used for the auxiliary alarm inputs)

L.nr. 29059 Rev. E 99.04.28 RE/Irg

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25

Note 1:

This interface is not standard current loop. See Figure 8-1. Recommended use is together with an external relay or open collector/drain output. Each of the 8 inputs consist of 2 pins, 1 floating ground and one signal pin. All the 8 ground pins are connected together. Input not connected means logical 0. Input shorted means logical 1. Input >1.6 volt means logical 1.

-5.0volt 10k

-1.6volt

1k

Input Floating Gnd

Figure 8-1: "Current loop" alarm input interface

 7(&+1,&$/ 63(&,),&$7,21  +27 67$1'%< )81&7,21


See also chapter 2.2.2. All connections are at the front of the hot standby IDU switch. Protected user interfaces: These interfaces are available at the front of the hot standby IDU switch. STM-1: Two alternative hot standby IDU switches are available, one with electrical interface and one with optical interface. Electrical interface: According to G.703. See chapter 7.3.2 for characteristics. Optical interface: According to ITU-T rec. G.957, S-1.1. See chapter 7.3.3 for characteristics. 2Mbit/s wayside channel, according to ITU-T, Rec. G.703. See chapter 7.4.2 for characteristics.

Non protected user interfaces: These interfaces are available at both IDUs. 64 kbit/s data channel LCT interface (PC interface) LAN interface Network interfaces (NI) Alm & Aux interface

Performance specifications: Switching time, receive side: <20ms for Rx switch in the hot standby IDU switch. Switching time, transmit side: <20ms for Tx switch in the branching unit The Tx and Rx switches at a terminal may be configured by NEW SW to switch independently or simultaneously. Choice of switching to prioritised branch or not, after repair of fault may be configured by NEW SW. Manual switching, locally or remotely, is performed by NEW SW.

Switching criterias in receive direction:

26

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L.nr. 29059 Rev. E 99.04.28 RE/Irg

RF-INPUT LO IF-DEM LOF HBER LT-PLL

The RF input signal is missing (ODU) Local oscillator alarm (ODU) Loss of incoming 140MHz IF to demodulator (IDU) Loss of frame (i.e. sync loss in demodulator) (IDU) User defined bit error threshold. Line Transmit PLL alarm (IDU)

Switching criterias in transmit direction: RF-OUT RF output power alarm (ODU) LO Local oscillator alarm (ODU) IF-INP Loss if 350 MHz IF input to transceiver (ODU) IF-MOD Loss of IF output from modulator (IDU) LOF-LR Loss of frame at STM-1 input signal to IDU LOS-LR Loss of STM-1 input signal to IDU RT-PLL Radio Transmit PLL alarm (IDU)

Power supply: The hot standby IDU switch operates from a battery supply, nominally -48 volt DC. See chapter 2.11 for details.

LEDs at the front of the hot standby IDU switch: For each alarm in the hot standby switch unit a severity level critical, major, minor or warning is defined. For each alarm the severity levels may be changed by NEW SW. Two green LEDs showing active Rx channel Two green LEDs showing active Tx channel One red LED indicating critical alarms in hot standby switch unit. One red LED indicating major and minor alarms in hot standby switch unit. One orange LED indicating warnings in hot standby switch unit. One green LED indicating power on

Loopbacks: In the hot standby IDU switch far end loops for each protected interface are included. In a hot standby system only one loop may be active at the same time. E.g. if one loop in the hot standby switch unit is chosen than no loops in the IDUs may be active. The loopbacks are controlled by NEW SW. See also chapter 2.12.

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27

$SSHQGL[ $ &KDQQHO DUUDQJHPHQW


Both horizontal and vertical polarisation may be used.

&KDQQHO DUUDQJHPHQW IRU WKH  *+] EDQG  0+] GXSOH[ VSDFLQJ
$$HCpuhpvt

17700

18700

18765

18820

18875

18930

18985

19040

19095

19150

19205

19260

19315

19370

19425

19480

19535

19590

17755

17810

17865

17920

17975

18030

18085

18140

18195

18250

18305

18360

18415

18470

18525

18580

18635

'

'

7hpuvtGr6

7hpuvtVr6

7hpuvtGr7

7hpuvtVr7

Note: Channels 1(1) and 17(17) can not be used with the current version of the transceiver. Branching Lower-A covers channels 2 (17810MHz) to 8 (18140MHz). Branching Upper-A covers channels 2 (18820MHz) to 8 (19150MHz). Branching Lower-B covers channels 9 (18195MHz) to 16 (18580MHz). Branching Upper-B covers channels 9 (19205MHz) to 16 (19590MHz).

&KDQQHO DUUDQJHPHQW IRU WKH  *+] EDQG  0+] GXSOH[ VSDFLQJ
$%HCpuhpvt

21227.5

21283.5

21339.5

21395.5

21451.5

21507.5

21563.5

21619.5

21675.5

21731.5

21787.5

21843.5

21899.5

21955.5

22011.5

22067.5

21200

22400

22459.5

22515.5

22571.5

22627.5

22683.5

22739.5

22795.5

22851.5

22907.5

22963.5

23019.5

23075.5

23131.5

23187.5

23243.5

23299.5

19645

19700
!"%

















7hpuvtGr6

7hpuvtVr6 7hpuvtGr7 7hpuvtVr7

Branching Lower-A covers channels 1 (21227.5MHz) to 11 (21787.5MHz). Branching Upper-A covers channels 1 (22459.5MHz) to 11 (23019.5MHz). Branching Lower-B covers channels 12 (21843.5MHz) to 16 (22067.5MHz). Branching Upper-B covers channels 12 (23075.5MHz) to channel 16 (23299.5MHz).

&KDQQHO DUUDQJHPHQW IRU WKH  *+] EDQG  0+] GXSOH[ VSDFLQJ
$%HCpuhpvt

23086

23142

23198

23254

23310

23366

23422

23478

22078

22134

22190

22246

22302

22358

22414

22470

!

22526

7hpuvtGr8

7hpuvtVr8

Branching Lower-C covers channels 1 (22078MHz) to 9 (22525MHz). Branching Upper-C covers channels 1(23086MHz) to 9 (23534MHz).

28

CityLink

L.nr. 29059 Rev. E 99.04.28 RE/Irg

23534

23600

&KDQQHO DUUDQJHPHQW IRU WKH  *+] EDQG  0+] GXSOH[ VSDFLQJ
$%HCpuhpvt

24250

25585

25641

25697

25753

25809

25865

25921

25977

26033

26089

26145

26201

26257

26313

26369

24577

24633

24689

24745

24801

24857

24913

24969

25025

25081

25137

25193

25249

25305

25361

25417

"

&

"

"

&

"

7hpuvtGr6 7hpuvtGr7

7hpuvtVr6

7hpuvtVr7

Branching Lower-A covers channels 1 (24577MHz) to 8 (24969MHz). Branching Upper-A covers channels 1 (25585MHz) to 8 (25977MHz). Branching Lower-B covers channels 9 (25025MHz) to 16 (25417MHz). Branching Upper-B covers channels 9 (26033MHz) to 16 (26425MHz).

L.nr. 29059 Rev. E 99.04.28 RE/Irg

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29

26500

$SSHQGL[ % $ODUP /LVW


4 severity levels are defined; critical, major, minor and warning. For each alarm the severity level may be changed by use of NEW-NMS SW. The default severity levels are shown in the table.
Alarm Name Description Severity level

BASEBAND LOS LOF MS-AIS MS-AIS-INS MS-RDI 2M-WAYSIDE-INP 2M-WAYSIDE-AIS-INP TRELLIS-PLL RT-PLL 2M-SYNC LOC RS-TRACEMISMATCH BASEBAND DIRECTION RADIO TO LINE LT-PLL 2M-WAYSIDE-OUTPAIS HBER LBER EW-BER RF-ID MODULATOR IF-MOD DEMODULATOR IF-DEM OPTICAL INTERFACE TX-OUT LASER-OFF BIAS TRANSCEIVER IF-INP RF-OUT LOS RF-INPUT-WARNING LO UNIT-ALM ATPC RF-MUTE LOOPING-IF-EN LOOPING-RF-EN OTHER ALARMS

Loss of STM-1 input signal Loss of Frame at STM-1 level. (One alarm for each direction) Alarm indication signal at STM-1 detected. (One alarm for each direction) Alarm indication signal at STM-1 inserted. (One alarm for each direction) Remote defect indicator detected. (One alarm for each direction) Loss of 2Mbit wayside channel input signal. AIS is detected on 2Mbit wayside channel. Indicates that the Trellis encoder is out of lock. The Radio Transmit PLL is out of lock. Selected synchronisation for Line Transmit direction is missing. Loss of clock (SORP) Mismatch between configured string and received string. (One alarm for each direction)

MAJOR MAJOR WARNING MAJOR WARNING MINOR WARNING CRITICAL CRITICAL MINOR CRITICAL MAJOR

The Line Transmit PLL is out of lock. AIS is detected on the Wayside channel output. Indicator for BER in configurable range 10-3 to 10-10. Default 10-3 Indicator for BER in configurable range 10-3 to 10-11. Default 10-6 Indicator for BER in configurable range 10-3 to 10-12. Default >10-10 Wrong RF-ID received compared to configuration. Loss of IF output Loss of IF input The output power has increased 2dB. The laser is off. It could be manual shutdown The laser bias is out of limits. Sign of age and degradation Loss of IF input. The output power is low Loss of RF input signal. The RF level is either above the upward fading threshold or the RF level is below the down fading threshold. Local Oscillator is out of lock. The transceiver is not responding The regulation loop for the ATPC is not working. Software generated alarm based on alarm condition on local and remote site. The RF output is muted The transceiver IF loop is enabled The transceiver RF loop is enabled

CRITICAL WARNING MAJOR MINOR WARNING MAJOR CRITICAL CRITICAL CRITICAL WARNING WARNING CRITICAL MAJOR MAJOR WARNING MAJOR MAJOR MINOR WARNING WARNING WARNING

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Alarm Name MEN-AT-WORK DROP-IN+48V BELOW+3.3V BELOW+5V BELOW+12V BELOW-5V OVER-CURRENT HC-LOOP TX HC-LOOP RX PRBS-INSERTED LOOPING_EN EVENT-LOG-EXCLIMIT DOWNLOAD-INPROGRESS NEED_FREQUENCY AUXILIARY ALARMS EXTERN-ALARM-1 EXTERN-ALARM-2 EXTERN-ALARM-3 EXTERN-ALARM-4 EXTERN-ALARM-5 EXTERN-ALARM-6 EXTERN-ALARM-7 EXTERN-ALARM-8 OUTPUT-ALARM-1 OUTPUT-ALARM-2 OUTPUT-ALARM-3 OUTPUT-ALARM-4 PERFORMANCE ALARMS G826-THRESHOLD15MIN-B1 G826-THRESHOLD15MIN-B2 G826-THRESHOLD15MIN-REI G826-THRESHOLD24Hour-B1 G826-THRESHOLD24HOUR-B2 G826-THRESHOLD24HOUR-REI G826-THRESHOLDMONTH-B1 G826-THRESHOLDMONTH-REI G826-THRESHOLDMONTH_B2

Description Software generated. Operator set men at work before doing repairs. The battery supply voltage is dropped below acceptable limit Voltage from the DC-DC converter in IDU is below limit Voltage from the DC-DC converter in IDU is below limit Voltage from the DC-DC converter in IDU is below limit Voltage from the DC-DC converter in IDU is below absolute value of limit An over current is detected. Will cut the power to the ODU. Wayside channel looping at Tx is enabled. Wayside channel looping at Rx is enabled. PRBS inserted on wayside channel Looping in IDU is enabled Event log has exceeded the capacity threshold Download of software is under progress. The RF unit needs to be configured with Tx and Rx frequency.

Severity level WARNING WARNING WARNING WARNING WARNING WARNING MAJOR WARNING WARNING WARNING WARNING WARNING WARNING MAJOR

Status on external alarm input # 1 Status on external alarm input # 2 Status on external alarm input # 3 Status on external alarm input # 4 Status on external alarm input # 5 Status on external alarm input # 6 Status on external alarm input # 7 Status on external alarm input # 8 Status on external alarm output # 1 Status on external alarm output # 2 Status on external alarm output # 3 Status on external alarm output # 4 $OO VRIWZDUH JHQHUDWHG If the current 15 minute period exceeds the set threshold for B1, this alarm is set. Cleared when new period starts. If the current 15 minute period exceeds the set threshold for B2, this alarm is set. Cleared when new period starts. Only for MS termination. If the current 15 minute period exceeds the set threshold for REI, this alarm is set. Cleared when new period starts. Only for MS termination. If the current 24 hour period exceeds the set threshold for B1, this alarm is set. Cleared when new period starts. If the current 24 hour period exceeds the set threshold for B2, this alarm is set. Cleared when new period starts. Only for MS termination. If the current 24 hour period exceeds the set threshold for REI, this alarm is set. Cleared when new period starts. Only for MS termination. If the current month period exceeds the set threshold for month, this alarm is set. Cleared when new period starts. If the current month period exceeds the set threshold for REI, this alarm is set. Cleared when new period starts. Only for MS termination. If the current month period exceeds the set threshold for month, this alarm is set. Cleared when new period starts. Only for MS termination.

WARNING WARNING WARNING WARNING WARNING WARNING WARNING WARNING WARNING WARNING WARNING WARNING

WARNING WARNING

WARNING

WARNING WARNING

WARNING

WARNING WARNING

WARNING

L.nr. 29059 Rev. E 99.04.28 RE/Irg

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Alarm Name HOTSTANDBY ALARMS HSB_RELAY_ALM IDU_A_ACTIVE IDU_B_ACTIVE LOOPING_CMI LOOPING_WAY NO_CMI_LINE NO_WAYSIDE_LINE CHANNEL_ACTIVE CHANNEL_MAN

Description $ODUPV LQ D KRW VWDQGE\ FRQILJXUDWLRQ Hot standby IDU switch relay mismatch IIDU A is active in receiving direction IDU B is active in receiving direction CMI loop enabled in hot standby switch unit. Wayside loop enabled in hot standby switch unit. Loss of STM-1 user input signal at hot standby switch unit. Loss of 2Mb/s wayside channel user input signal at hot standby switch unit. Indicates active transceiver, i.e. RF switch position. Channel in manual mode

Severity level

CRITICAL INFO INFO WARNING WARNING WARNING WARNING INFO WARNING

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Interface/functions: STM-1, Electrical or Optical Data channel (1 x 64kbit/s, V.11) Wayside channel (2Mbit/s) Network Interface (NI) LAN interface TCP/IP routing QECC routing Parallel alarms, input/output Hot Standby ATPC Embedded SNMP NEW Configurator software (*) NEW NMS software (*) SNMP agent See also NEW-NMS documentation. Standard. X X X X X X X X X X X X X X Available options

(*)

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L.nr. 29059 Rev. E 99.04.28 RE/Irg