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com Bridge Procedure Guide Notes Oct 2005 Q5 b) i) List the main topics of Part A of the BPG? Part A – Communications 1. Ship to shore: Master/ Pilot Exchange 2. Shore to ship: Pilot/ Master Exchange 3. Pilot Card 4. Wheelhouse Poster 5. Required Boarding Arrangements For Pilots 6. Distress Alerts And Frequencies to use 7. Guidance On Steering Gear Test Routines

Q ii) List the six checklists in Part C of the BPG? Part C – Emergency Checklists 1. Main Engine or steering failure 2. Collision 3. Stranding or grounding 4. Man overboard 5. Fire 6. Flooding 7. Search And Rescue 8. Abandoning Ship

NOV 2005 Q5 a) Outline the rationale and objective of forming a bridge team when a vessel is naivigating in restricted waters? The Bridge Procedures Guide Edition 4 (2007) paragraph 1.2.5 “The Bridge Team” states: “The bridge team is established so that the most effective use can be made of available manpower in order that established work procedures are followed and ships are navigated safely. All ship’s personnel who have bridge navigational watch duties will be part of the bridgeteam. The master and pilot(s), as necessary, will need the support of the team, which will comprise the 00W, a helmsman and look-out(s) as required. The 00W is in charge of the bridge and the bridge team for that watch, until relieved. It is important that the bridge team works together closely, both within a particular watch and across watches, since decisions made on one watch may have an impact on another watch. The bridge team also has an important role in maintaining communications with the engine room and other operating areas on the ship”

mandyconquers@gmail.com Bridge Procedure Guide Notes b) State 10 factors that should be considered when determining the composition of a navigational watch? In determining whether the composition of the navigational watch is adequate to ensure that a proper look-out can he maintained continuously, the master should take into account all relevant factors including the following: 1. visibility, state of weather and sea 2. traffic density, and other activities occurring in the area in which the ship is navigating 3. the attention necessary when navigating in or near traffic separation schemes or other routeing measures, or within industrially controlled work zones 4. the additional workload caused by the nature of the ship’s functions, immediate operating requirements and anticipated manoeuvres 5. the fitness for duty of any crew members on call who are assigned as members of the watch, including compliance with applicable work hour regulations 6. knowledge of and confidence in the professional competence of the ship’s officers and crew 7. the experience of each 00W, arid the familiarity of that 00W with the ship’s equipment, procedures andmanoeuvring capability 8. activities taking place on board the ship at any particular time, including radio communication activities, and the availability of assistance to be summoned immediately to the bridge where necessary 9. the operational status of bridge instrumentation and controls, including alarm systems 10. rudder and propeller control and ship manoeuvring characteristics 11. the size of the ship and the field of vision available from the conning position 12. the configuration of the bridge, to the extent that such configuration might inhibit a member of the watch from detecting by sight or hearing any external development 13. any other relevant standard, procedure or guidance relating to watch keeping arrangements and fitness for duty.

C i) State the specific condition when the OOW may act as the sole look out? STCW states; “In certain circumstances of clear daylight conditions the Master may consider that the OOW may be the sole look-out.”

ii) Outline the additional factors to be considered when determining if the OOW may act as a sole look out? The additional factors to be considered on each occasion are that: 1. the OOW has had sufficient rest prior to commencing the watch 2. in the judgement of the OOW, the anticipated workload is well within his capacity to maintain a proper lookout and remain in full control of the prevailing circumstances 3. back up to the OOW has been clearly designated

mandyconquers@gmail.com Bridge Procedure Guide Notes 4. the OOW knows who will provide that back-up assistance, in what circumstances back-up must be called, and how to call it quickly 5. designated back-up personnel are aware of response times, any limitation on their movements, and are able to hear alarm or communication calls from the bridge 6. all essential equipment and alarms on the bridge are fully functional.

OCT 2007 Q5) With reference to the Bridge Procedure Guide, list the 10 circumstances when the master must be called: Checklist B13 of Edn 4 (2007) of the Bridge Procedures Guide States: The OOW should notify the Master immediately: 1. if restricted visibility is encountered or expected 2. if traffic conditions or the movements of other ships are causing concern 3. if difficulties are experienced in maintaining course, on failure to sight land, a navigation mark or obtain soundings by the expected time 4. if, unexpectedly, land or a navigation mark is sighted or a change in soundings occurs 5. of breakdown of the engines, propulsion machinery remote control, steering gear or any essential navigational equipment, alarm or indicator 6. if the radio equipment malfunctions 7. in heavy weather if in any doubt about the possibility of weather damage 8. if the ship meets any hazard to navigation, such as ice or a derelict 9. if any vessel security concerns arise 10. in any other emergency or if in any doubt

b)State 10 other checklists contained in section B of the BPG B1 Familiarization with bridge equipment B2 Preparation for sea B3 Preparation for arrival in port B4 Pilotage B5 Passage plan appraisal B6 Navigation in coastal waters B7 Navigation in ocean waters B8 Anchoring and anchor watch B9 Navigation in restricted visibility B10 Navigation in heavy weather or in tropical storm areas B11 Navigation in ice B12 Changing over the watch B13 Calling the master B14 Pre-operational DP checklist

mandyconquers@gmail.com Bridge Procedure Guide Notes

(c) The Bridge Procedure Guide contains advice regarding the recording of bridge activities. Explain the requirements and purpose of recording bridge activities? The BPG requires that a “proper formal record of navigational activities and incidents which are of importance to the safety of navigation, is kept in appropriate log books” Paper records should have the times and dates of the start and stop marked on them, and be kept at least to the end of the voyage. This will act as evidence should any claims be made against the vessel. Enough information should be kept in logbooks and charts to allow the actual track of the vessel to be reconstructed and the charts should not be cleaned off until the end of the voyage for the same reasons as above.

(d) State a reason why the engine room should be give one hour notice prior to any planned reduction in speed? One-hour notice is given; To allow for the manning and machinery status of the Engine Room to be adjusted as required for standby. To allow the testing of steering gear, engines and communications to take place.

OCT 2008 Q5) On completion of an ocean passage a ship is to enter restricted navigational waters. (a) State 10 factors to be considered when determining the bridge composition when navigating in restricted waters. 1. visibility, state of weather and sea 2. traffic density, and. other activities occurring in the area in which the ship is navigating 3. the attention necessary when navigating in or near traffic separation schemes or other routeing measures 4. the additional workload caused by the nature of the ship's functions immediate operating requirements and anticipated manoeuvres 5. the fitness for duty of any crew members on call who are assigned as members of the watch 6. the knowledge and confidence in the professional competence of the ship's officers and crew 7. the experience of each OOW, and the familiarity of that OOW with the ship's equipment, procedures and manoeuvringcapability 8. activities taking place on board the ship at any particular time including radio communication activities, and the availability of assistance to be summoned immediately to the bridge when necessary

mandyconquers@gmail.com Bridge Procedure Guide Notes 9. the operational status of bridge instrumentation and controls, including alarm systems 10. rudder and propeller control and ship manoeuvring characteristics 11. the size of the ship and the field of vision available from the conning position 12. the configuration of the bridge, to the extent such configuration might inhibit a member of the watch from detecting by sight and hearing any external development 13. any other relevant standard procedure or guidance relating to watchkeeping arrangements and fitness for duty.

(b) State 10 items of bridge equipment that should be checked prior to entering restricted waters? The following items of bridge equipment would be checked prior to entering restricted waters 1. Radar (s) R 2. Echo Sounder E 3. Steering Gear (Manual/ autopilot and) S 4. Telegraph (Bridge & E/Rm) T 5. Radio Communications R 6. Indicators (RPM / Speed/ Rudder Angle) I 7. Compasses (Gyro & Magnetic) C 8. Steering Gear (Manual/ autopilot and) S 9. Sound Signaling apparatus S 10. Electronic navigational position fixing systems E 11. Communication system (Bridge to E/ Rm) C

C) State 5 factors to be considered when determining the frequency of position fixing in restricted waters? 1. the proximity of navigational hazards 2. speed 3. prevailing visibility 4. range of fixing methods available for cross checking to take place 5. reliability of fixing methods available.

MARCH 2009 Q5 B) BPG annex A7, contains guidance on steering gear test routines. Outline the equipment that should be verified and the tests that should be conducted when conducting when conducting steering gear tests prior to departure from a port. “Shortly before departure, check and test the steering gear including, as applicable, the operation of the following 1. the main steering gear 2. the auxiliary steering gear

mandyconquers@gmail.com Bridge Procedure Guide Notes 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. theremote steering control systems the main steering position on the bridge the emergency power supply the rudder angle indicators in relation to actual rudder position the remote steering gear control system power failure alarms the steering gear power unit failure alarms automatic isolating arrangements and other automatic equipment.

Checks and tests should include: 1. the full rudder movement according to the required capabilities of the steering gear 2. the timing of rudder movement from hardover-to-hardover, using each steering gear power unit singly and together, to ensure consistency with previous tests 3. a visual inspection of the steering gear and its connecting linkage and 4. the operation of the means of communication between the bridge and the steering gear compartment.

C) State the required frequency as outlined by SOLAS that emergency steering gear drills must be conducted? Emergency steering drills must be carried out at least once every 3 months.

JULY 2009 Q5 C) Explain the obligations of OOW in presence of a pilot? The obligations of the OOW when in the presence of a pilot: The presence of a Pilot does not relieve the Master or the OOW of their duties and obligations for the safety of the ship. Both should be prepared to exercise their right not to proceed to a point where the ship would not be able to manoeuvre or would be in danger; (Para 3.3.3.1 BPG Edn 4 2007) If the Master leaves the Bridge, the OOW should always seek clarification from a Pilot when in any doubt as to the Pilot’s actions or intentions. If a satisfactory explanation is not given, the OOW should notify the master immediately, taking whatever action is necessary before the Master arrives. (Para 3.3.3.4 BPG Edn 4 2007)

OCT 2011 Q5 b i) State the max freeboard for using a pilot ladder by it self? 9 metres

mandyconquers@gmail.com Bridge Procedure Guide Notes ii) State the required arrangements when the freeboard is greater than the maximum freeboard for using a pilot ladder and no side door or hoist is available? 1. When the freeboard is greater than the max freeboard (9m) then pilot ladder combined with accommodation is used. 2. Accommodation ladder and pilot ladder should rest firmly on the ship side and should lead aft. 3. The maximum 55* slope should not be exceeded. 4. Lower platform should be horizontal and should be 3-7 metres above the sea (depending on swell and pilot lauch) 5. Rigid handrails preferred. 6. Pilot ladder must extend 2 metres above lower platform.

MAY 2012 Q5 (a) (i) List eight items that should be prepared and checked prior to vessels arrival in port? As per checklist B3 in Bridge Procedures Guide: • • • • • • • • Course and engine movement recorders Clocks synchronized Communications between the MCR and mooring stations Signaling equipment, including flags and lights Deck lighting Mooring winches including heaving lines Pressure on the fire main Anchors cleared

ii) State four tests that should be made by OOW when navigating in ice? As per checklist B11 in Bridge Procedures Guide: • • • • Has the Master, Engine room and crew been informed Have watertight doors been confirmed shut Has speed been moderated Has frequency of soundings of tank and bilges been increased.

NOV 2012 Q5 b) State 12 actions in even of man overboard? 1. Sound General Alarm 2. Release Smoke Float(s) 3. Hand steering and Commence Williamson/Single turn to port 4. Note Position 5. Press MOB button on GPS

mandyconquers@gmail.com Bridge Procedure Guide Notes 6. Engines to Standby 7. Post extra lookouts as they arrive 8. Hoist O flag 9. Send Mayday message 10. Sound three prolonged blasts on the ships whistle 11. Inform Master if not already on the bridge 12. Assume role of On Scene Commander 13. Preserve VDR records 14. Muster Rescue boat crew

FEB 2013 Q5) C) Explain why teamwork is considered good management of bridge procedures? Safe navigation requires effective command, control, communication and management. It is people who control ships and it is therefore people together with management and teamwork are key to reliable performance. People make mistakes so it is necessary to ensure that monitoring and checking prevent chains of error from developing. Equipment can fail and the unexpected can happen, so contingency planning is necessary. Good management of bridge procedures combines clarity of purpose, the ability to delegate authority, effective organization, motivation and the ability to motivate others.

JULY 2013 Q5 (a) For the purpose of familiarization list the 15 items of bridge operational equipment, which have to be studied and fully understood before keeping a safe navigational watch? 1. Alarm system on bridge 2. Automatic track keeping system (if fitted) 3. ECDIS and electronic charts (if fitted) 4. Echo sounder 5. Electronic navigation position fixing systems 6. VDR or S-VDR equipment 7. Gyro compass/ repeaters 8. IBS functions (if fitted) 9. Magnetic Compass 10. Off course alarm 11. Radar and ARPA 12. Speed/ distance recorder 13. Engine & Thruster controls 14. Ship security alarm equipment 15. Steering gear (including auto – manual and emergency change over)

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