An Initial Research Paper Presented to

:

Architect Baquiran R. L.
IARFA FAR EASTERN UNIVERSITY

Presented by:

INTRODUCTION AND BACKGROUND Medium rise building developments continue to be one good choice for occupancy of students nowadays. The concept of “Live, Study, Enjoy and Relax” in a single location proves to be a good idea. Locally, around the said location, there is a growing demand for establishments and developments which is expected to be encouraging onset for one of the place’s leading property for a Medium rise building.

BACKGROUND OF THE AREA LOCALITY MANILA MANILA is located on the eastern shore of Manila Bay and is bordered by the cities of Navotas and Caloocan to the north; Quezon City to the northeast; San Juan and Mandaluyong to the east; Makati to the southeast, and Pasay to the south. Manila has a total population of 1,652,171 according to the 2010 census and is the second most populous city in the Philippines, behind Quezon City. The populaces inhabit an area of only 38.55 square kilometers, making Manila the most densely populated city in the world. It is also the most populous metropolitan area in the Philippines and the 11th in the world with an

estimated population of 16, 300,000. The greater urban area is the fifth largest in the world and has an estimated metropolitan population of 20,654,307.

UNIVERSITY BELT MANILA The University Belt is the unofficial name of a de facto subdistrict in Manila, Philippines. It refers to the area where there is a high concentration or a cluster of colleges and universities in the city. The University Belt is commonly understood as the one located, mainly, in San Miguel district. But technically it also includes nearby Sampaloc, Quiapo, and Santa Cruz. Generally, it includes the western end of España Boulevard, Nicanor Reyes St. (formerly Morayta St.), and the eastern end of Claro M. Recto Avenue (formerly Azcarraga), Legarda Avenue, Mendiola Street, and the different side streets. Each of the colleges and universities found here are at a short walking distance of each other.

•Arellano University •Centro Escolar University •College of the Holy Spirit Manila •De Ocampo Memorial College •Eulogio "Amang" Rodriguez Institute of Science and Technology •Far Eastern University

•FEATI University •Informatics International College •La Consolacion College Manila •Manuel L. Quezon University •National Teachers College •National University (Philippines) •Perpetual Help College of Manila

•Philippine School of Business Administration •PMI Colleges (formerly Philippine Maritime Institute) •Polytechnic University of the Philippines •San Beda College •San Sebastian College – Recoletos de Manila •STI College Recto

•Philippine College of Health Sciences, Inc. •Technological Institute of the Philippines •University of the East •University of Manila •University of Santo Tomas •Mary Chiles College

ACCESIBILITY •The site can be directly accessed by main roads like The original University Belt stretches along the southern tip of España Boulevard, Nicanor Reyes St. (formerly Morayta St.), the eastern end of Claro M. Recto Avenue (formerly Calle Azcarraga), Legarda Avenue, Mendiola Street. •The Light Rail Transit (LRT-1) rolls along Blumentritt Station up to Vito Cruz Station.

THE SITE The site is located in the triangular corner through lot near the Far Eastern University and other universities in Manila. It is mostly student-populated area, with a few meters away to shopping landmarks. This place is a home to

some of the top universities/ schools and hospital. It is surrounded by R.papa st., Lerma St. and Nicanor Reyes Road.

OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY •To discuss the site’s definition, activities, terms and history. •To define the background studies about Medium Rise Building architecture. •To discuss the areas and special details about the site. •To discuss the areas existing problems and the solution to it. •To provide site analysis.

Medium Rise Dormitories

Having a moderately large number of stories, usually five to ten, and equipped with elevators.

BUILDING REQUIREMENT FOR MEDIUM RISE DORMITORY

DEVELOPING A MEDIUM RISE DORMITORY IN THE PHILIPPINES Before one develops a medium rise dormitory, there are different studies to be done. There should be economic, marketing, financial, engineering and environmental studies to be done. Then there are other requirements that should also be studied, such as building standards, traffic flow, existing problems and others that may be necessary for the project. Even with the best studies, most developers will encounter unforeseen minor and major problems in their projects especially when it comes to the documentation process.

BUILDING STANDARDS As one is dreaming of developing and putting up a mid rise dormitory, he has to be aware of certain standards that are indicated in the National Building Code of the Philippines (NBC). The NBC indicates the guidelines for the minimum requirements that the designer has to follow.

SETBACK REQUIREMENTS The setback requirements depend on the kind of lot, whether it is a through lot, corner lot or inside lot. The standard setback is 3 meters on the front, 2 meters on the back and 1 meter on the side. But the minimum setback requirements are also dependent on the restrictions of the municipality where the building is going to be built.

PARKING SLOTS The minimum size of a parking slot according to the NBC is 2.4 meters (7.87 feet) for the width by 5 meters (16.4 feet) for the length. But due to the changing times, most developers use 2.5-meters width by 5-meter length for the parking size. According to the NBC, off campus dormitories are under Group B Occupancy Division 1. The proposal is designed to be a high-end hotel-like project which is 1 car parking slot for every 3 rooms or a fraction thereof for highly urbanized areas and 1 car parking slot for every 7 rooms or a fraction thereof for all other areas. Elevator Elevators should be provided if the building reaches five stories high. For four stories, the elevator is optional. For commercial buildings, elevators are required even if they are only three stories high. Additional elevators and service elevators are just extras. The size of the elevator depends on the occupant load, which is computed by the mechanical engineer. There are five-storey high dorms that doesn’t have elevator since the said building have not reached the requirement for elevators which are

more than 15 meters high from the ground floor level to the fifth floor level (not ceiling). Elevators must be accompanied by elevator pit (depends on the type of elevator) and elevator machine room.

Hallways The ideal width is 1.5 meters and above. It is PWD friendly dimension, enough for a wheelchair to turn around. But the width size depends on the occupant load per floor.

Room/ Bathroom size The minimum size of a room according to the NBC is 6 square meters. Dorm rooms can be however the design of the Student’s living area must have living room, bedroom, and kitchen. With this kind of minimum size per room, it can only have one to two people to live in it. When you add the minimum standard to the room and bathroom, it totals 7.5 square meters. Municipalities approve this kind of size because it was intended as study rooms or transit rooms for the students or employees near the school. But there is now an 8.5 square meter studio unit approved sale.

Unit size Based on the NBC the minimum size of a room is 6 square meters with the least dimension of 2000 millimeters plus the minimum size of a bathroom which is 1.5 square meters with the least dimension of 900 millimeters plus the minimum size of the kitchen which is 3 square meters with the least dimension of 1500 millimeters.

Veranda Railing Height If there is a veranda, the minimum standard of the railing height is 900 millimeters. The same requirement goes for the stair railings.

Fire Exit The fire exits should be a vacuum, meaning it is smoke-proof. There should be no air coming in to fan the fire. Ceiling Height For rooms that are artificially ventilated, the minimum standard ceiling height for the ground floor is 2.4 meters. For buildings with more that one-storey, the first floor minimum height is 2.7 meters; the second floor is 2.4 meters and for the succeeding floors, the minimum is 2.1 meters. Since the ceiling height for the succeeding floors is very low, some developers are adding lofts to make the unit space higher. For naturally ventilated rooms, the minimum height us 2.7 meters.

Fire alarm and Sprinkler system Every building project would require fire-alarm systems. Every unit should have sprinkler systems.

Generator Every building should have a stand-by generator for emergencies or power failure.

Open spaces/ Amenities Open spaces shall be provided within the project site pursuant to the NBC and its implementing rules and regulations. These shall include setbacks, light wells, uncovered driveways, access roads, parking spaces, buffer strips. The open spaces shall also be allocated for basic utilities and community facilities. Other facilities such as tennis courts, swimming pools, basketball courts, etc. are optional.

CASE STUDY
FOREIGN
Indiana Institute of Technology
About Indiana Institute of Technology
Indiana Institute of Technology serves over 4,000 students from around the world. The school, located in downtown Fort Wayne, Indiana, is known for esteemed programs in mathematics, engineering, and science, but also offers a well-regarded liberal arts program. In the past decade, the school has undergone rapid growth thanks to the strength of its academic programs.

Their Problem
The school's continued growth has presented the ongoing challenge of offering highquality housing for students. Over the summer of 2008, the 21,000 SFT EvansKimmell Hall was completed by Whitley Manufacturing, and the school's overall development plan called for a sister facility to be constructed. Design Collaborative

of Fort Wayne, Indiana designed the structure and Whitley Manufacturing prepared a project timeline with an aggressive completion schedule, controlled construction costs, and an aesthetic that complemented Evans-Kimmell Hall and the remainder of the campus.

Our Solution
The project spanned only 90 days from the beginning of construction work to occupancy of the building. By utilizing modular construction techniques, the structure was built off-site in a controlled environment while the foundations and site-work were underway at the campus. As a result, the disruption to the campus and student safety were kept to a minimum.

For Frank & Anne Oropeza Hall, Whitley Manufacturing utilized unique designs including slab-on-grade modular construction, panelized building sections, and modular units with flooring omitted, allowing us to quickly provide an enclosed building and include areas such as the stairwells. Materials and finishes were selected for aesthetics as well as their durability and ease of maintenance to minimize the building's life-cycle costs for the school.

LOCAL
University Pad
There is a hotel-liked dormitory called the University Pad Residences that is worth checking. University Pad Residences is the newest first class hotel-type dormitory in Manila, Philippines. The atmosphere is

student friendly, the fully furnished modern rooms comfortable where the student will be staying and retaining the feeling of home, there are accessories and amenities such as gym, chapel, swimming pool, etc. that can help a student to be contented. One of the best things about University Pad Residences is that it offers:  Safety

You don’t want to move into a student residence that makes you worry about your personal safety. At University Pad Residences you are in good hands. It is fully equipped with 24/7security through 80 CCTV cameras, roving guards and a firstclass RFID Card Access security system for the main entrance door and their respective room.  Conduciveness

University Pad Residences offers a very conducive environment for studying and comfort even with shared rooms. Having everything you need in a room is also important, such as study area, private bath, refrigerator for your late night snacks, a sink to wash your utensils, and of course a microwave where you can cook when you don’t feel like going out to eat. At University Pad Residences, housekeeping is included in the package so you no longer have to worry about cleaning your room while you do your academic reviews.  Technologically advanced

Education nowadays no longer relies on books alone. The University Pad Residences provides the latest technological amenities needed to make access to information faster and a lot easier such as wireless Internet access, telephone and television with cable connection to know the latest news. By having these important amenities in your room, you would feel like you haven’t left the house at all. Location and Transportation University Pad Residences is beside De La Salle CSB Design and Arts Building across St. Scholastica and just a few blocks away from De La Salle University in Taft Avenue for incoming freshmen, other college levels, and barristers planning to take up Philippine Bar Exam. It is ideally situated in the heart of Metro Manila close to

universities, malls, Robinson’s Place Ermita, SM City Manila, Harrison Plaza, universities, and hospitals. Fast food chains, banks, laundry services and groceries are also nearby.

ROOM ACCOMODATION         Fully-Furnished Rooms 32" Flat Screen TV Room Cable TV Wood Grain Melamine Finish for Cabinets and Bed Air-conditioned Rooms 2 Wall Mounted Electric Fan Intercom System Hot and Cold Shower        PVC Windows Granite Countertops Individual water and electric meters Bed Frame and Study Table Individual Lock and Keys Smoke Detectors Fire Extinguisher

Room for 2 This is a type of dorm room for two persons who can share in one room. Perfect for buddies who like to be in the same room.

Room for 4 This is a type of dorm room for four persons who can share in one room. Great for groups and students with similar courses or want to do daily group studies.

Features and Amenities

    

24/7 Security Service CCTV Security System RFID Card Access System 24/7 Water Supply      WIFI Ready Prayer Room Lap Pool Fitness Gym Recreation Area  

  

Backup Generator Laundry Services Visitor’s Lounge  Sprinklers Daily Cleaning Service

Electrical and Plumbing Services   

Reception Service Smoke Detectors Puzzle Parking System

Centralized Garbage Storage

(S.W.O.T.)
(Strength – Weakness – Opportunities - Threat)

I.

Strengths a. Student’s population b. Business c. Urban Area d. Commercial establishments

II.

Weaknesses a. Clogged drainage España road and Nicanor Reyes road are known for always flooded areas around the University belt. Manila. Even due to short time span of heavy rain, it floods. The non-organic solid waste disposal has become a common problem and is one of the main causes of impaired drainage and river systems. Unclogging of the drainage systems is of primary importance in light of the fact that

flooding has been a perennial problem in many areas of Metro Manila. b. Traffic flow & Noise pollution Mostly caused by undisciplined jeepney drivers, strikes or wrong side parking. Which cause uncontrollable beeps from the drivers that cause disturbing noise pollution. c. Undisciplined Street Vendors It is a common problem of the Filipinos. They are already seeing the sign saying “No vendors allowed” yet you will see them after couple of days again. Side vendors selling cigarettes, candies, etc. d. Informal Settlers Homeless people attaching or making sidewalks as their new shelter e. Safety (Snatchers/ Thieves) The site is located on Morayta, which is near CM Recto. Known as one of the dangerous place because of the slums. Scattered thieves and other crimes. III. Opportunities a. Business proposals b. Improved community living c. High-end buildings d. Improved image of the site IV. Threats a. Slums/ Informal settlers b. Job/ business for undergraduate people c. More population.

Design Recommendations

This project aims to be the initial start for the site’s improvement and development of high class buildings. Since the said site is known for its clogged drainage, it is better to have the site elevated. I would also like to use pervious concrete on my site and on the parking lot or Novacem cement, a carbon sequestrating cement. With this, the design would have a grey water system that will be used for water closets. Greeneries will help absorb the pollution coming from the outside of the building and also the sound that makes noise pollution. Amenities such as swimming pools, gym, prayer room, & others will be provided for that the students will feel that they are staying in some kind of a first class hotel. The design of the building must create a comfortable and student-friendly environment. Large openings on the amenities will be included to lessen the use of artificial lights. Natural ventilation will also be provided. Fire exits must be smoke proof. As for the façade outside the building, medium height railings will be used, with a psychological observation. People will respect such thing that they will avoid to pee on sides, build shelters, vandals, post bills or even the street vendors itself. The parking lot will be located on the Lerma st. because this part is not affected with flood always unlike on the two other sides. There will be an underground parking that is enough for the residents, guests, employees to ensure that their car is safe. On the ground floor will be the lobby and commercial spaces, the amenities that are included in the design requirement will be distributed all over the building.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

I. INTRODUCTION AND BACKGROUND
Site’s background, Accessibility and the site information

page 2-3

II. OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY

page 4

III. BUILDING REQUIREMENT FOR MEDIUM RISE DORMITORY

page 5-7

IV. CASE STUDIES
Foreign and Local case studies

page 8-10

V. S.W.O.T.
(Strength – Weakness – Opportunities - Threat)

page 11

VI. DESIGN RECOMMENDATION

page 12

VII. REFERENCES

page 13

REFERENCES:

http://www.whitleyman.com/casestudies/Dormitories/Rogers-Yergens-Hall-3Story-Dormitory http://careers.thomsonreuters.com/where-we-are/manila/

http://www.linkedin.com/groups/What-are-Manilas-strengths-weaknesses1921511.S.107387698 http://www.universitypad.com.ph/ National Building code of the Philippines http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/University_Belt http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Manila http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pervious_concrete https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Greywater http://novacem.com/ http://novacem.com/wp-content/uploads/2012/01/Cement-and-concretescience-2011-conference-vF.pdf

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