BEng Telecommunications Engineering
Cohort: BEngTel/10B/FT
Examinations for 2011 2012 / Semester 2
MODULE: ELECTROMAGNETIC THEORY
MODULE CODE: ASE 2103
Duration: 2 3/4 Hours
Instructions to Candidates:
1. Answer all questions.
2. Questions may be answered in any order but your answers must show the question number clearly.
3. Always start a new question on a fresh page.
4. All questions carry equal marks.
5. Total marks 100.
This question paper contains 4 questions and 10 pages.
Page 1 of 10
ANSWER ALL QUESTIONS
QUESTION 1: (25 MARKS)
(a)
What is the physical meaning of the divergence of a vector field?
(2 marks)
(b)
(c)
State in your own words the divergence theorem as applied to the flux
of a vector field. Express it in the form of an equation.
(3 marks)
Given the vector field
F = x ^{2} ǎ _{x} + xy ǎ _{y} + yz ǎ _{z} , find the divergence of F.
(2 marks)
(d)
(e)
Find the volume integral of the divergence of F over a unit cube one
unit on each side situated in the first octant of the Cartesian coordinate
system with one corner at the origin a shown in figure 1 below.
figure 1
Evaluate the surface integral over
the back face : x=0 the front face : x=1 the left face : y=0 the right face : y=1 the top face : z=1 the bottom face z=0
(i)
(ii)
(iii)
(iv)
(v)
(vii)
(2 marks)
(2 marks)
(2 marks)
(2 marks)
(2 marks)
(2 marks)
(2 marks)
Page 2 of 10
(f) 
Find the overall surface integral of F bounded by the volume of the unit 

cube. 
(2 marks) 

(g) 
Does the divergence theorem hold in this case? Justify your answer. (2 marks) 
QUESTION 2: (25 MARKS)
(a)
State Gauss’s law. Under what conditions is Gauss law especially useful in determining the electric field intensity of a charge distribution? (3 marks)
(b)
(c)
Derive the relation between the electric field intensity E and the electric flux D at the surface of a sphere of radius r enclosed by a charge Q. (3 marks)
The volume in spherical coordinates described by r a of figure 2 contains a uniform charge density ρ. Show that the electric field intensity E is such that:
E =
r
3
o
a
r
a
3
3
o
r
2
a
r
r a
r a
(3+3 marks)
(d)
Sketch the graph of E against r starting at the origin.
(3 marks)
Page 3 of 10
(e)
(f)
Use Gauss law to compute the electric flux density D for r a and r a and compare your results with the values of E in part (c) above. (4 marks)
What point charge at the origin will result in the same value D field for r>a?
(1 marks)
(g)
(h)
figure 2
A point charge Q is moved from infinity to a point near the sphere on a radius r = b where b > a. Find the potential difference V _{a}_{b} .
(3 marks)
Determine the work done in moving the charge from r = b to the point where r = a.
(2 marks)
Page 4 of 10
QUESTION 3: (25 MARKS)
(a) 
Explain the following terms with the help of an equation: 
(i) 
magnetic susceptibility 
(ii) 
relative permeability 
(iii) 
reluctance of ferromagnetic core. 
(1+1+1 marks) 

(b) 
A toroidal iron core of relative permeability 3000 has a mean radius R = 80 mm and a circular cross section with radius b = 25 mm. An air gap L _{g} =3 mm exists and a current I flows in a 500 turns winding to produce a magnetic flux of 10 ^{}^{5} Wb as shown in figure 3 below. Neglecting leakage and using mean path length, determine: 
(i) 
the reluctances of the air gap and of the iron core. 
(2+3marks) 

(ii) 
B _{g} and H _{g} in the air gap and B _{c} and H _{c} in the iron core. (2+2+2+2 marks) 
(iii) 
the required current I. 
(3 marks)
figure 3
Page 5 of 10
(c)
Determine the self inductance of the toroidal coil. Obtain an approximate equation for assuming b << R
(6 marks)
QUESTION 4: (25 MARKS)
(a)
(b)
(c)
What do you understand by a transverse electromagnetic wave? (2 marks)
What is meant by the intrinsic impedance of free space? Write down its equation and value.
(3 marks)
(i)
(ii)
figure 4
The configuration shown in figure 4 uses a one shorted stub of length
placed at a distance x _{1} from the load. In order to accomplish
matching,
l
s
Determine x _{1} such that
y(x ) 1 jb
1
1
Determine
l
s
such that
y(l ) 0 jb
s
1
After matching,
y x j
1
(
)
1
0
and VSWR=1from x _{1} to _{l}
(13 marks)
Page 6 of 10
(d)
Using the concept of Maxwell’s equation, explain how waves propagate in waveguides.
(7 marks)
***END OF QUESTION PAPER***
Page 7 of 10
Page 8 of 10
Some useful identities
Page 9 of 10
Page 10 of 10
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