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BEng Telecommunications Engineering Cohort: BEngTel/10B/FT Examinations for 2011- 2012 / Semester 2 MODULE:

BEng Telecommunications Engineering

Cohort: BEngTel/10B/FT

Examinations for 2011- 2012 / Semester 2

MODULE: ELECTROMAGNETIC THEORY

MODULE CODE: ASE 2103

Duration: 2 3/4 Hours

Instructions to Candidates:

1. Answer all questions.

2. Questions may be answered in any order but your answers must show the question number clearly.

3. Always start a new question on a fresh page.

4. All questions carry equal marks.

5. Total marks 100.

This question paper contains 4 questions and 10 pages.

ANSWER ALL QUESTIONS

QUESTION 1: (25 MARKS)

(a)

What is the physical meaning of the divergence of a vector field?

(2 marks)

(b)

(c)

State in your own words the divergence theorem as applied to the flux

of a vector field. Express it in the form of an equation.

(3 marks)

Given the vector field

F = x 2 ǎ x + xy ǎ y + yz ǎ z , find the divergence of F.

(2 marks)

(d)

(e)

Find the volume integral of the divergence of F over a unit cube one

unit on each side situated in the first octant of the Cartesian coordinate

system with one corner at the origin a shown in figure 1 below.

z 1 1 1 1 y x
z
1
1
1
1
y
x

figure 1

Evaluate the surface integral over

the back face : x=0 the front face : x=1 the left face : y=0 the right face : y=1 the top face : z=1 the bottom face z=0

(i)

(ii)

(iii)

(iv)

(v)

(vii)

(2 marks)

(2 marks)

(2 marks)

(2 marks)

(2 marks)

(2 marks)

(2 marks)

(f)

Find the overall surface integral of F bounded by the volume of the unit

cube.

(2 marks)

(g)

Does the divergence theorem hold in this case? Justify your answer. (2 marks)

QUESTION 2: (25 MARKS)

(a)

State Gauss’s law. Under what conditions is Gauss law especially useful in determining the electric field intensity of a charge distribution? (3 marks)

(b)

(c)

Derive the relation between the electric field intensity E and the electric flux D at the surface of a sphere of radius r enclosed by a charge Q. (3 marks)

The volume in spherical coordinates described by r a of figure 2 contains a uniform charge density ρ. Show that the electric field intensity E is such that:

E =

r

3

o

a

r

a

3

3

o

r

2

a

r

r a

r a

(3+3 marks)

(d)

Sketch the graph of E against r starting at the origin.

(3 marks)

(e)

(f)

Use Gauss law to compute the electric flux density D for r a and r a and compare your results with the values of E in part (c) above. (4 marks)

What point charge at the origin will result in the same value D field for r>a?

(1 marks)

result in the same value D field for r>a ? (1 marks) (g) (h) figure 2

(g)

(h)

figure 2

A point charge Q is moved from infinity to a point near the sphere on a radius r = b where b > a. Find the potential difference V ab .

(3 marks)

Determine the work done in moving the charge from r = b to the point where r = a.

(2 marks)

QUESTION 3: (25 MARKS)

(a)

Explain the following terms with the help of an equation:

(i)

magnetic susceptibility

(ii)

relative permeability

(iii)

reluctance of ferromagnetic core.

(1+1+1 marks)

(b)

A toroidal iron core of relative permeability 3000 has a mean radius R = 80 mm and a circular cross section with radius b = 25 mm. An air gap L g =3 mm exists and a current I flows in a 500 turns winding to produce a magnetic flux of 10 -5 Wb as shown in figure 3 below. Neglecting leakage and using mean path length, determine:

(i)

the reluctances of the air gap and of the iron core.

(2+3marks)

(ii)

B g and H g in the air gap and B c and H c in the iron core. (2+2+2+2 marks)

(iii)

the required current I.

(3 marks)

and H c in the iron core. (2+2+2+2 marks) (iii) the required current I . (3

figure 3

(c)

Determine the self inductance of the toroidal coil. Obtain an approximate equation for assuming b << R

(6 marks)

QUESTION 4: (25 MARKS)

(a)

(b)

(c)

What do you understand by a transverse electromagnetic wave? (2 marks)

What is meant by the intrinsic impedance of free space? Write down its equation and value.

(3 marks)

of free space? Write down its equation and value. (3 marks) (i) (ii) figure 4 The

(i)

(ii)

figure 4

The configuration shown in figure 4 uses a one shorted stub of length

placed at a distance x 1 from the load. In order to accomplish

matching,

l

s

Determine x 1 such that

y(x ) 1jb

1

1

Determine

l

s

such that

y(l ) 0 jb

 

s

1

After matching,

y x   j

1

(

)

1

0

and VSWR=1from x 1 to l

(13 marks)

(d)

Using the concept of Maxwell’s equation, explain how waves propagate in waveguides.

(7 marks)

***END OF QUESTION PAPER***

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Some useful identities

Some useful identities Page 9 of 10
Some useful identities Page 9 of 10
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