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BEng Telecommunications Engineering

Cohort: BEngTel/10B/FT

Examinations for 2011- 2012 / Semester 2

MODULE: ELECTROMAGNETIC THEORY

MODULE CODE: ASE 2103

Duration: 2 3/4 Hours

Instructions to Candidates:

2. Questions may be answered in any order but your answers must show the question number clearly.

3. Always start a new question on a fresh page.

4. All questions carry equal marks.

5. Total marks 100.

This question paper contains 4 questions and 10 pages.

QUESTION 1: (25 MARKS)

(a)

What is the physical meaning of the divergence of a vector field?

(2 marks)

(b)

(c)

State in your own words the divergence theorem as applied to the flux

of a vector field. Express it in the form of an equation.

(3 marks)

Given the vector field

F = x 2 ǎ x + xy ǎ y + yz ǎ z , find the divergence of F.

(2 marks)

(d)

(e)

Find the volume integral of the divergence of F over a unit cube one

unit on each side situated in the first octant of the Cartesian coordinate

system with one corner at the origin a shown in figure 1 below.

z
1
1
1
1
y
x

figure 1

Evaluate the surface integral over

the back face : x=0 the front face : x=1 the left face : y=0 the right face : y=1 the top face : z=1 the bottom face z=0

(i)

(ii)

(iii)

(iv)

(v)

(vii)

(2 marks)

(2 marks)

(2 marks)

(2 marks)

(2 marks)

(2 marks)

(2 marks)

 (f) Find the overall surface integral of F bounded by the volume of the unit cube. (2 marks) (g) Does the divergence theorem hold in this case? Justify your answer. (2 marks)

QUESTION 2: (25 MARKS)

(a)

State Gauss’s law. Under what conditions is Gauss law especially useful in determining the electric field intensity of a charge distribution? (3 marks)

(b)

(c)

Derive the relation between the electric field intensity E and the electric flux D at the surface of a sphere of radius r enclosed by a charge Q. (3 marks)

The volume in spherical coordinates described by r a of figure 2 contains a uniform charge density ρ. Show that the electric field intensity E is such that:

E =

r

3

o

a

r

a

3

3

o

r

2

a

r

r a

r a

(3+3 marks)

(d)

Sketch the graph of E against r starting at the origin.

(3 marks)

(e)

(f)

Use Gauss law to compute the electric flux density D for r a and r a and compare your results with the values of E in part (c) above. (4 marks)

What point charge at the origin will result in the same value D field for r>a?

(1 marks)

(g)

(h)

figure 2

A point charge Q is moved from infinity to a point near the sphere on a radius r = b where b > a. Find the potential difference V ab .

(3 marks)

Determine the work done in moving the charge from r = b to the point where r = a.

(2 marks)

QUESTION 3: (25 MARKS)

 (a) Explain the following terms with the help of an equation: (i) magnetic susceptibility (ii) relative permeability (iii) reluctance of ferromagnetic core. (1+1+1 marks) (b) A toroidal iron core of relative permeability 3000 has a mean radius R = 80 mm and a circular cross section with radius b = 25 mm. An air gap L g =3 mm exists and a current I flows in a 500 turns winding to produce a magnetic flux of 10 -5 Wb as shown in figure 3 below. Neglecting leakage and using mean path length, determine: (i) the reluctances of the air gap and of the iron core. (2+3marks) (ii) B g and H g in the air gap and B c and H c in the iron core. (2+2+2+2 marks) (iii) the required current I.

(3 marks)

figure 3

(c)

Determine the self inductance of the toroidal coil. Obtain an approximate equation for assuming b << R

(6 marks)

QUESTION 4: (25 MARKS)

(a)

(b)

(c)

What do you understand by a transverse electromagnetic wave? (2 marks)

What is meant by the intrinsic impedance of free space? Write down its equation and value.

(3 marks)

(i)

(ii)

figure 4

The configuration shown in figure 4 uses a one shorted stub of length

placed at a distance x 1 from the load. In order to accomplish

matching,

l

s

Determine x 1 such that

y(x ) 1jb

1

1

Determine

l

s

such that

y(l ) 0 jb

 

s

1

After matching,

y x   j

1

(

)

1

0

and VSWR=1from x 1 to l

(13 marks)

(d)

Using the concept of Maxwell’s equation, explain how waves propagate in waveguides.

(7 marks)

***END OF QUESTION PAPER***

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Some useful identities