1PL PCL?

SLL vŦ PCn L8l8L81C uŦ 8CSA8lC
238 SC8A 324
lacLsť
1hls ls a peLlLlon for cerLlorarl under 8ule 63 of Lhe 8evlsed 8ules of CourL Lo reverse and seL aslde Lhe Crders daLed
!une 20ţ 1991 and SepLember 19ţ 1991 of Lhe 8eglonal1rlal CourLţ 8ranch 61ţMakaLlţ MeLro Manlla ln Clvll Case n0Ŧ90Ŵ
183
1he order daLed !une 20 1991 denled Lhe moLlon of Lhe peLlLloner Lo dlsmlss Lhe complalnL ln Clvll Case noŦ 90Ŵ183ţ
whlle Lhe Crder daLed SepLember19ţ 1991 denled Lhe moLlon for Lhe reconslderaLlon of Lhe !une 20ţ1991 Crder
ÞeLlLloner was Lhe Poly see who exerclses soveregnlLy over Lhe vaLlcan ClLy ln 8omeţ lLalyţ and ls represenLed by Lhe
Þapal nuncloŦ
ÞrlvaLe 8espondenLţ SLarbrlghL Sales LnLerprlsesţ lncŦţ us a domesLlc corporaLlon engaged ln Lhe real LsLaLe buslnessŦ
1he peLlLlon was arose over a parcel of land conslsLlng of 6ţ000 square meLers locaLed ln Lhe MunlclpallLy of Þaranaqueţ
MeLro Manlla and reglsLered ln Lhe name of Lhe ÞeLlLloner(Poly SeeŴÞapal nunclo)Ŧ 1he sald loL LoL 3ŴA ls conLlguous Lo
LoLs 3Ŵ8 and 3Ŵu whlch are covered by 1ransfer CerLlflcaLes of 1lLle nosŦ 271108 and 263388 respecLlvely and reglsLered
ln Lhe name of Lhe 8ealLy CorporaLlon (Þ8C)Ŧ
1he Lhree loLs were sold Lo 8amon Llcupţ Lhrough uomlngo AŦ Clrllosţ !rŦţ AcLlng agenL Lo Lhe sellersŦ Llcup asslgned hls
rlghLs Lo Lhe sale Lo prlvaLe respondenLţ SLarbrlghL Sales LnLerprlsesŦ
ln vlew lf Lhe refusal of Lhe squaLLers Lo vacaL Lhe loLs sold Lo Lhe prlvaLe respondenLţ a dlspuLe arose as Lo who of Lhe
parLles has Lhe responslblllLy of evlcLlng and clearlng Lhe land of squaLLersŦ Ŧ CompllcaLlng Lhe relaLlons of Lhe parLles
was Lhe sale by peLlLloner of LoL 3ŴA Lo 1roplcana ÞroperLles and uevelopmenL CorporaLlon (1roplcana
lssueť
1ŦLhe annulmenL of Leh ueeds of Lhe sale beLween peLlLloner and Lhe Þ8C on handŤ Lhe reconveyance of Lhe loLs ln
quesLlonedŤ speclflc performance of Lhe agreemenL Lo sell beLween lL and Lhe owners loL and damages
2Ŧprocedural lssue of wheLher Lhe peLlLlon for cerLlorarl under 8ule 63 of Lhe 8evlsed 8ules of CourL can be avalled of Lo
quesLlon Lhe order denylng peLlLlonerƌs moLlon Lo dlsmlss
3ŦdeLermlne Lhe lssue of peLlLlonerƌs nonŴsuablllLyţ
Peldť
1hls CourL has consldered Lhe followlng LransacLlons by a forelgn sLaLe wlLh prlvaLe parLles as acLs [ure lmperll
1he operaLlon of Lhe resLauranLs and oLher faclllLles open Lo Lhe general publlc ls undoubLedly for proflL as a commerclal
and noL a governmenLal acLlvlLyŦ 8y enLerlng lnLo Lhe employmenL conLracL wlLh Lhe cook ln Lhe dlscharge of lLs
proprleLary funcLlonţ Lhe unlLed SLaLes governmenL lmplledly dlvesLed lLself of lLs soverelgn lmmunlLy from sulL
ln Lhe absence of leglslaLlon deflnlng whaL acLlvlLles and LransacLlons shall be consldered ƍcommerclalƍ and as
consLlLuLlng acLs [ure gesLlonlsţ we have Lo come ouL wlLh our own guldellnesţ LenLaLlve Lhey may beŦ
CerLalnlyţ Lhe mere enLerlng lnLo a conLracL by a forelgn sLaLe wlLh a prlvaLe parLy cannoL be Lhe ulLlmaLe LesLŦ Such an
acL can only be Lhe sLarL of Lhe lnqulryŦ 1he loglcal quesLlon ls wheLher Lhe forelgn sLaLe ls engaged ln Lhe acLlvlLy ln Lhe
regular course of buslnessŦ lf Lhe forelgn sLaLe ls noL engaged regularly ln a buslness or Lradeţ Lhe parLlcular acL or
LransacLlon musL Lhen be LesLed by lLs naLureŦ lf Lhe acL ls ln pursulL of a soverelgn acLlvlLyţ or an lncldenL Lhereofţ Lhen lL
ls an acL [ure lmperllţ especlally when lL ls noL underLaken for galn or proflLŦ
LoL 3ŴA was acqulred by peLlLloner as a donaLlon from Lhe Archdlocese of ManllaŦ 1he donaLlon was made noL for
commerclal purposeţ buL for Lhe use of peLlLloner Lo consLrucL Lhereon Lhe offlclal place of resldence of Lhe Þapal
nuncloŦ 1he rlghL of a forelgn soverelgn Lo acqulre properLyţ real or personalţ ln a recelvlng sLaLeţ necessary for Lhe
creaLlon and malnLenance of lLs dlplomaLlc mlsslonţ ls recognlzed ln Lhe 1961 vlenna ConvenLlon on ulplomaLlc
8elaLlons (ArLsŦ 20Ŵ22)Ŧ 1hls LreaLy was concurred ln by Lhe Þhlllpplne SenaLe and enLered lnLo force ln Lhe Þhlllpplnes on
november 13ţ 1963Ŧ
LoL 3ŴA was acqulred by peLlLloner as a donaLlon from Lhe Archdlocese of ManllaŦ 1he donaLlon was made noL for
commerclal purposeţ buL for Lhe use of peLlLloner Lo consLrucL Lhereon Lhe offlclal place of resldence of Lhe Þapal
nuncloŦ 1he rlghL of a forelgn soverelgn Lo acqulre properLyţ real or personalţ ln a recelvlng sLaLeţ necessary for Lhe
creaLlon and malnLenance of lLs dlplomaLlc mlsslonţ ls recognlzed ln Lhe 1961 vlenna ConvenLlon on ulplomaLlc
8elaLlons (ArLsŦ 20Ŵ22)Ŧ 1hls LreaLy was concurred ln by Lhe Þhlllpplne SenaLe and enLered lnLo force ln Lhe Þhlllpplnes on
november 13ţ 1963Ŧ
dlplomaLlc envoy ls granLed lmmunlLy from Lhe clvll and admlnlsLraLlve [urlsdlcLlon of Lhe recelvlng sLaLe over any real
acLlon relaLlng Lo prlvaLe lmmovable properLy slLuaLed ln Lhe LerrlLory of Lhe recelvlng sLaLe whlch Lhe envoy holds on
behalf of Lhe sendlng sLaLe for Lhe purposes of Lhe mlsslonŦ lf Lhls lmmunlLy ls provlded for a dlplomaLlc envoyţ wlLh all
Lhe more reason should lmmunlLy be recognlzed as regards Lhe soverelgn lLselfţ whlch ln Lhls case ls Lhe Poly See
1he lssue of peLlLlonerƌs nonŴsuablllLy Ŵ
Lhe ueparLmenL of lorelgn Affalrs has formally lnLervened ln Lhls case and offlclally cerLlfled LhaL Lhe Lmbassy of Lhe
Poly See ls a duly accredlLed dlplomaLlc mlsslon Lo Lhe 8epubllc of Lhe Þhlllpplnes exempL from local [urlsdlcLlon and
enLlLled Lo all Lhe rlghLsţ prlvlleges and lmmunlLles of a dlplomaLlc mlsslon or embassy ln Lhls counLryŤŽ)Ŧ Where Lhe plea
of lmmunlLy ls recognlzed and afflrmed by Lhe execuLlve branchţ lL ls Lhe duLy of Lhe courLs Lo accepL Lhls clalm so as noL
Lo embarrass Lhe execuLlve arm of Lhe governmenL ln conducLlng Lhe counLryƌs forelgn relaLlons
ÞrlvaLe respondenL ls noL lefL wlLhouL any legal remedy for Lhe redress of lLs grlevancesŦÞrlvaLe respondenL can ask Lhe
Þhlllpplne governmenLţ Lhrough Lhe lorelgn Cfflceţ Lo espouse lLs clalms agalnsL Lhe Poly SeeŦ lLs flrsL Lask ls Lo persuade
Lhe Þhlllpplne governmenL Lo Lake up wlLh Lhe Poly See Lhe valldlLy of lLs clalms
1he peLlLlon for cerLlorarl ls C8An1Lu and Lhe complalnL ln Clvll Case noŦ 90Ŵ183 agalnsL peLlLloner ls ulSMlSSLuŦ

Nurvusu, C.J., BIdIn, ReguIudo, DuvIde, Jr., Romero, BeIIosIIIo, MeIo, Puno, VILug, Kupunun und
Mendozu, JJ., concur

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful