Automation on Job Sorting Machine

Introduction: In production industries like automobile, pharmaceutical, chemical, food and drugss, material handling and transportation is important. Conveyor belt systems are used in order to transport the material from one department to another in the industry. Also all jobs passing over a conveyor belt should have good quality. That means it should be capable to fulfil the required quality norms. The example of a bearing with holes is one of the best examples to understand the concept. But sometimes the required holes may more or less. This should be identified or if the required process in the particular station is not completed properly, then it should not pass to the next station. This can be achieved with vision tech systems by using cameras. But implementation of such systems may be time taking & more expensive. Hence to demonstrate the concept we acn use the cheaper and readily available sensors like proximity sensor. With the help of this sensor we can detect the dimensions of the job passing over conveyor belt. Proximity sensors detect the objects from a specific distance. So the sensor is fixed in such a way that if height of the job is not within the specified limit, the sensor sents a logic signal at its output. The conveyor belts are driven with dc geared motors having sufficient torque & appropriate speed. At the end of the belt, one rotary motor is provided which is having 2 different bins 1800 apart from each other. The control system controls this motor so that the accepted & rejected jobs are dropped in the respective bins. The no. of jobs accepted is counted and shown on digital display. We can also control the production with the help of this automation system. The implementation block diagram is as below.

Relay . 9.BLOCK DIAGRAM: Display Digital Counter Job Status Setting Shaft with pedestal bearing Proximity Sensor Relay Control & Timer Hollow Shaft Conveyor Belt Jobs are passing Hollow Shaft with bearing assembly Hollow Shaft with bearing assembly Accepted Rejected DC Power Supply DC Geared Motor DC Geared Motor Working Principle: As shown in block diagram the functional description of automation in job sorting can be given as below. 8. driver shaft is there & another side driven shaft is there. 12V DC 2. motor rotates in anticlockwise direction & the bin for accepted jobs comes below the dropping end. If it is out of specs. The conveyor belt travels over the shaft.PC 201 5.MS. Sensor . of jobs. If the set quantity is accepted. the relay1 is ON. Shaft material . The accepted job pulses are sent to the input of digital counter. DC Motor .Inductive Type Proximity. The speed depends on DC motor. The jobs are loaded at one end & unloaded at the other. Shaft Dia. Technical Specifications: 1. motor for bins rotates in clockwise direction and the bin for rejected job comes below the dropping end of the conveyor belt. Pedestal Bearing . This counter is provided with thumbwheel switch with which we can set the required no. At power ON.Digital with thumbwheel setting . the DC motor is started & the shaft starts rotating. . Length of conveyor belt . If the job is accepted. 3.12V with gear.230V AC.20 mm 6. the relay activation in the counter takes place & it stops the entire system. Counter . Supply .12V DC 4.01 meter. 7. At one side. The sensor is located in such a way that the jobs passing over are sensed by these sensors.

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