You are on page 1of 75

Pursuant to Article 17 of the Law on the Council of Ministers of Bosnia and Herzegovina (BiH Official Gazette, issue No.

30/03, 42/03, 81/06, 76/07, 81/07, 94/07 and 24/08) and in accordance with recommendations made by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of BiH, the Council of Ministers of Bosnia and Herzegovina, at its---- session held on --------- hereby issues the following.

Strategy for Small Arms and Light Weapons Control in Bosnia Herzegovina 2013-2016 (draft)
I. GENERAL BACKGROUND
The Strategy is a comprehensive document aimed at enhancing the efficiency of all stakeholders in the area of SALW control in Bosnia and Herzegovina. The document focuses in particular on bringing the legislation into line with international standards, improving control over the internal and external trade in weapons, decreasing the rate of incidents involving illegal weapons and the numbers of illegal weapons owned by the population, boosting citizens confidence in BiH bodies at all levels and reducing surplus SALW in the possession of the Ministry of Defence of BiH. By implementing the set strategic objectives and building on international and regional cooperation within this field Bosnia and Herzegovina will not only contribute to advancing the general level of security locally but also regionally and globally. Pursuant to the requirements of the 2001 UN Programme of Action1 and the OSCE Document on SALW, which was initially passed in 2000 and reissued in 20122, as well as other international documents concerning the issue, Bosnia and Herzegovina adopted a systematic approached to the problem through the adoption and implementation of the 2006-2012 SALW Strategy.
1 UN A/CONF.192/15, New York, July 2001 2 OSCE FSC.DOC/1/00, November 2000; OSCE FSC.DEC/3/12, June 2012

Strategy for Small Arms and Light Weapons Control in BiH 2013-2016

The 2013-2016 Strategy is a continuation of the effort by BiH institutions to reduce the safety and security risks that arise due to the presence of SALW. The presence of illegal weapons enables organised crime and terrorism to thrive and thus represents a key security risk that slows down economic growth and development in Bosnia and Herzegovina. The number of incidents involving illegal weapons is a matter of great concern. Recognition and acknowledgment of the international communitys recommendations concerning curbing the aforementioned negative repercussions of illegal weapons entails the requirement to act in an efficient and coordinated manner in order to suppress the negative effects and the illegal manufacture, procurement, possession, smuggling and trading in SALW. The process of developing and adopting the Strategy was initiated by the BiH SALW Control Coordination Board, which is an inter-institutional panel of experts founded by the Council of Ministers of BiH.

COORDINATION BOARD FOR SALW CONTROL


The Coordination Board for SALW Control was founded through a Decision of the Council of Ministers of Bosnia and Herzegovina (BiH Official Gazette, issue No. 72/05 and 58/07) and is mandated to plan, coordinate, direct and supervise activities aimed at implementing the SALW Control Strategy and, consequently, the provision of a safer environment. The Coordination Board is tasked with identifying and assessing the impact of SALW on society, population safety and security as well as economic and social development. In addition, the Coordination Board closely observes the process of implementation of the Strategy and publicises activities envisaged within the Strategy document to the public, supports the relevant institutions in mobilising the resources required to conduct the envisaged activities and coordinates activities amongst stakeholders involved in the Strategy implementation process.

Strategy for Small Arms and Light Weapons Control in BiH 2013-2016

Another task of the Coordination Board is to review and update the Strategy document in response to operational changes that result from the implementation process. The Coordination Board is also obliged to report regularly to the Council of Ministers of BiH on progress made in achieving the Strategy goals as well as to report to the UN in line with the UN Programme of Action and to the OSCE in line with the OSCE SALW Document. In the course of its work, the Coordination Board has become aware of the clear interconnection between SALW control mechanisms, as defined under the UN Programme of Action, and those activities aimed at the prevention of armed violence described in the Geneva Declaration on the Prevention of Armed Violence and Development; the latter signed by Bosnia and Herzegovina in 2006. The Coordination Board is responsible for implementation of the Geneva Declaration and reporting on the progress made towards achieving its implementation.

Strategy for Small Arms and Light Weapons Control in BiH 2013-2016

DEFINITION OF SMALL ARMS AND LIGHT WEAPONS (SALW)


At present there is no internationally agreed upon definition of the term small arms and light weapons (SALW). As a rule, the Strategy uses the following definition:

Small Arms and Light Weapons are hand held weapons made or modied to military specications for use as lethal instruments of war. Small arms are broadly categorised as those arms intended for use by individual members of armed or security forces. They include revolvers and self-loading pistols, ries and carbines, semiautomatic ries, assault ries and light machine guns. Light weapons are broadly categorised as those weapons intended for use by several members of armed or security forces serving as a unit. The category also includes heavy machine guns, hand held and mounted grenade launchers, portable anti-aircraft guns, portable antitank guns, recoilless ries, portable launchers of anti-tank missile and rocket systems, portable launchers of anti-aircraft missile systems and mortars under 100mm calibre.

Strategy for Small Arms and Light Weapons Control in BiH 2013-2016

For the purposes of the implementation of the Strategy and taking into consideration the risks that SALW represent for Bosnia and Herzegovina the Strategy also includes weapons and ammunition beyond those listed in the above definition. By taking this approach the Strategy contributes to the adequate treatment of all aspects of SALW control.

2008 - 2012 SALW STRATEGY IMPLEMENTATION RESULTS


During the implementation period 2008-2012 the relevant BiH institutions achieved evident results in the advancement of SALW control. Results were achieved in the following fields: improving the legal framework, setting up SALW electronic registers, enhancement of control mechanisms for both the internal and foreign trade in weapons, destruction of surplus weapons and ammunition, harvesting and destroying weapons possessed by civilians and conducting awareness campaigns as well as meeting the requirements for regular reporting to international organisations, namely the UN and the OSCE. In order to enhance control mechanisms for foreign trade Bosnia and Herzegovina has enacted the Law on the Control of Foreign Trade in Goods and Services of Strategic Importance for BiH Security (BiH Official Gazette, issue No. 103/09). There are presently twelve laws on weapons and ammunition in Bosnia and Herzegovina. These laws are neither harmonised amongst themselves nor in relation to international standards and this often results in different treatment and actions related to this issue. However, numerous legislative initiatives have been undertaken to harmonise the laws on the possession and carrying of weapons in BiH with the relevant EU regulations. These initiatives resulted in the enactment of the Law on Weapons of Brko District of BiH (Brko District of BiH Official Gazette, issue No. 02/10). This Law has been brought into line with the aforementioned international regulations. Such initiatives also resulted in the passing of the RS Law on Weapons and Ammunition (RS Official Gazette, issue No. 070/07) and the Law amending the RS Law on Weapons and Ammunition (RS Official Gazette, issue No. 24/09) as well as cantonal laws on weapons in the Federation of BiH that have been partially harmonised with international regulations. Significant progress has been achieved in the digitisation of data on weapons possessed by civilians. Based on Article 4 of the Agreement on the Establish-

Strategy for Small Arms and Light Weapons Control in BiH 2013-2016

ment of an Electronic Data Exchange System for Data in Police and Prosecutors Records, the exchange of weapons related data has been made possible. The electronic system, namely the data exchange server, is situated in the Police Agencies Coordination Directorate of BiH. In addition, the entity and cantonal ministries of internal affairs and Brko District police all have electronic records on weapons. The BiH Law on Movement Control of Weapons and Military Equipment has been enacted (BiH Official Gazette, issue No. 53/09) and an electronic system has been set up to track the movement of weapons and military equipment in Bosnia and Herzegovina. From 2009 up until October 2012 a total of 4,522.70 tons of surplus ammunition and explosive ordnance were destroyed along with 30,081 pieces of surplus SALW from the Ministry of Defence and Armed Forces of BiH stockpile. The decreasing trend in the destruction of weapons and ammunition (see diagram 1.1) is a result of limitations concerning the infrastructure, technology, personnel and budget.
2500
2022 1814 1640,8

Destroyed (NET Weight) tonnes

2000

1855

1500
1124 1115 850
Strategy for Small Arms and Light Weapons Control in BiH 2013-2016

1000

500

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010

2011

2012

Timeline (year) Diagram 1.1: Ammunition and explosive ordnance destruction trend in Bosnia and Herzegovina

More than 5,000 pieces of illegally possessed weapons owned by the population were destroyed over the observed period. A campaign to raise awareness on the negative aspects of possessing illegal weapons was implemented in 2010. The campaign was focused on various cities in Bosnia and Herzegovina and aimed at raising awareness amongst the population, NGO sector and the media as to the dangers and repercussions of being in possession of illegal weapons. The Coordination Board for SALW Control in Bosnia and Herzegovina reports regularly to the UN and the OSCE on the level of progress achieved in the area of small arms control in Bosnia and Herzegovina. These reports contribute largely to achieving transparency within the relevant processes, but also to the international standing of Bosnia and Herzegovina. In the latest report on small arms (Small Arms Survey 2012)3 Bosnia and Herzegovina was rated 18th out of the 159 countries that presented reports on their implementation of the commitments stipulated in the UN Programme of Action and the International Tracing Instrument.

PRINCIPLES USED FOR STRATEGY DEVELOPMENT


Strategy for Small Arms and Light Weapons Control in BiH 2013-2016

The Coordination Board for SALW Control in Bosnia and Herzegovina developed the 2013-2016 Strategy for SALW Control in Bosnia and Herzegovina. UN development programme methodology for strategic planning was applied during the development of the Draft Strategy. This document was developed through a comprehensive process of consultation with all of the stakeholders in SALW control and is based on the international commitments of Bosnia and Herzegovina, experience gained through implementation of previous strategy documents, the realistic requirements of institutions in BiH, the identified problems that BiH faces in this field and the definition of projects and activities required to improve SALW control in BiH.
3 Small Arms Survey, Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva 2012

The Strategy incorporates international SALW standards. In addition, all activities of the Coordination Board for SALW Control in BiH, including the development of the Strategy, use the guidelines contained in the following documents:

UN Convention against Transnational Organised Crime; UN Protocol Against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Fire UN Programme of Action; Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development; OSCE Document on SALW; EU Common Position on Arms Exports; EU Strategy to Combat the Illicit Accumulation of and Trafficking in
SALW and their Ammunition. Moreover, this strategic document points to the issue of support and assistance for the victims of SALW, the importance of an even-handed approach towards males and females during the process of implementing relevant control mechanisms as well as the clear commitment of Bosnia and Herzegovina to implement adequate measures of environmental protection where control processes could have a negative impact on the environment. The Strategy includes specific projects to facilitate activities defined by the strategic goals. When determining project costs and identifying sources of funding an analogue method was used to estimate costs by comparing the cost of previous similar projects to future ones; the bottom-up method was used to identify the required resources and estimate the cost of individual activities as well as a parameters assessment; the latter being a method based on standardised parameters that indicate the unit cost of an activity. arms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition;

Strategy for Small Arms and Light Weapons Control in BiH 2013-2016

The Strategy will not create an additional burden upon the budgets of BiH Institutions but it will direct relevant bodies to acknowledge the need for planning and allocating budget funds for carrying out SALW control activities. The projects described within the Strategy that require additional funding will be funded through international assistance programmes and donations.

TASK
In order to improve the level of security in Bosnia and Herzegovina and the region as well as globally institutions in Bosnia and Herzegovina have taken measures and actions to improve all aspects of SALW control based upon the principles of efficiency, transparency, merit and professionalism, in keeping with international commitments.

VISION
Bosnia and Herzegovina provides a safe and secure environment for all of its citizens, has a regulated system of SALW control that is in line with international standards and its obligations to contribute to regional and global security.
Strategy for Small Arms and Light Weapons Control in BiH 2013-2016

SIGNIFICANT FACTORS AND RISKS FOR STRATEGY IMPLEMENTATION


Successful implementation of the Strategy will depend largely on the timely identification of the risks and the application of risk management measures. For the purposes of this Strategy, risk is defined as the likelihood of developments that could have a negative impact on the achievement of the strategic goals. Identified risks pertaining to the implementation of the Strategy can be divided in three main groups of aspects.

Security

10

Security aspect. The growing complexity of resolving the SALW issue, both legally and illegally owned, primarily requires a focus on the security aspect. SALW and their ammunition by themselves pose a security risk; however, there is no absolute security and therefore a certain degree of risk is always present. The intention behind implementation of the Strategy is to reduce the risks to a permissible level. Security risks related to Strategy implementation refer in particular to those strategic goals that stipulate SALW and ammunition disposal and the conduct of illegal weapons harvest campaigns. Furthermore, the risks include (a) health hazards and a threat to the lives of those individuals who are in illegal possession of weapons and those who guard or handle weapons and ammunition stores or are involved in surplus weapons disposal, (b) the risk of the illegal use and illegal trade in weapons and (c) risks related to weapons and ammunition storage and stock management. The risk of accidents involving explosions at ammunition storage sites is particularly worth considering, given the amount of outdated and chemically unstable ammunition.
Strategy for Small Arms and Light Weapons Control in BiH 2013-2016

Financial Political

The Strategy also acknowledges the risks pertaining to the environment and thus it envisages the development of an environmental study. When implementing campaigns to harvest illegal weapons it is necessary to apply measures to prevent the illegal trade in weapons and similar negative effects that can occur during periods of amnesty. The Strategy underlines the importance of ensuring that adequate protective equipment is available and that the highest safety standards are adhered to throughout the process of implementation aimed at achieving the strategic goals in order to reduce the potential for accidents. Financial aspect. Implementation of the Strategy will depend significantly on the availability of funds for the realisation of the strategic goals/programmes/

11

projects. As a measure to manage this risk, the Strategy is based on projects that included clearly defined budget requirements for each of the projects. This method of strategy development will provide a clear insight for donors into Bosnia and Herzegovinas commitment to improve specific areas defined by the Strategy. Political aspect. In order to successfully implement the Strategy and achieve the strategic goals prescribed in the document it is necessary to have the full commitment and effort on the part of the authorities in BiH at all levels. Throughout the process of developing of the Strategy the distribution of constitutional competencies relevant to the issue in BiH has been given careful consideration; therefore, the Strategy aims to advance the coordination of activities aimed at SALW control and enhance political stability. When developing the project proposals contained in the Appendix to the Strategy identification, measurement and control of the risks pertaining to all three of the aspects described above were taken into consideration.

STRATEGY IMPLEMENTATION MONITORING AND EVALUATION PROCESS


Strategy for Small Arms and Light Weapons Control in BiH 2013-2016

Accomplishment of the implementation of the SALW Control Strategy will be rated through continuous monitoring of project implementation and periodic evaluations of the achieved results. Continuous monitoring of the implementation will be conducted by the Coordination Board for SALW Control. The project realisation success rate will be measured against previously defined indexes. Strategy evaluation will be led by the Coordination Board for SALW Control in cooperation with other governmental, nongovernmental and international organisations.

12

OBJECTIVES AND PROGRAMMES


The Strategy recognises areas of strategic importance for SALW control improvement in Bosnia and Herzegovina and defines them through the four strategic goals as outlined below. Objective 1: Improvement of the legal framework and SALW legislation implementation to be introduced through the strategic programmes below.

Harmonisation of weapon laws, both internally and in relation to international standards

Enhancement of IT supported systems for SALW control

Objective 1
Strengthening of capacities for prevention of the illegal trade in SALW
Enhancement of control over the domestic and foreign trade in SALW

The Coordination Board for SALW Control in Bosnia and Herzegovina will work on bringing about the conditions for the synchronisation of BiH laws on weapons both internally and in relation to international standards. Recognising the importance of the role that both legislative initiators and lawmakers have in this process, it will focus on the entity and cantonal ministries of interior as

13

Strategy for Small Arms and Light Weapons Control in BiH 2013-2016

Brining the legal framework into line with international standards is the basis for quality SALW control as practiced by the relevant authorities in Bosnia and Herzegovina. The existing laws on weapons and ammunition in BiH are all put in place on the basis of the constitutional competencies of Republika Srpska (entity), the ten cantons of the Federation of BiH and Brko District of Bosnia and Herzegovina, respectively. These laws are not coordinated.

well as the entity/cantonal parliaments in order to promote the basic requirements for coordinating the existing laws on weapons with relevant international standards. Prevention of the illegal trade in SALW is an important segment of SALW control. Preventing the Illegal trade not only contributes to security in BiH but also in the region and beyond. The relevant institutions in BiH will continue to strengthen their human resources capacities through training programmes and the procurement of equipment needed to combat this illegal trade. Additionally, the Strategy underlines Bosnia and Herzegovinas commitment to and the importance of the continued improvement of the legal framework and complementary mechanisms to serve as control measures for the prevention of the illegal trade in weapons. The Strategy acknowledges the requirement for closer inter-agency cooperation on implementing legislation related to both the internal and foreign trade in weapons and the need to facilitate adequate information and position exchanges amongst the different bodies involved in weapons trade control and their respective competencies. In order to keep up-to-date with the pace of contemporary trends in information technology applications BiH institutions will advance the data registries and IT systems in line with the required implementation regulations. This applies especially to ballistic and mechanoscopic analysis systems, movement control of weapons and military equipment and IT systems for foreign trade in weapons.

14

Strategy for Small Arms and Light Weapons Control in BiH 2013-2016

Objective 2: Reduction in the presence of illegal SALW will be achieved through implementation of the below strategic programmes.

Monitoring statistical data in the eld of SALW

Collection and disposal of illegal SALW

Objective 2
Raising awareness on the risks of SALW Improvement of capacities for keeping, storing and the disposal of SALW

Illegal weapons pose a security threat to Bosnia and Herzegovina and there has been an increase in the number of incidents involving the use of illegal weapons. Competent police agencies in Bosnia and Herzegovina recognise the need to act on this issue and are ready to put into effect procedures laws/acts on amnesty. Amnesty for the voluntary submission of weapons is a prerequisite for a weapons collection campaign. This Strategy underlines the commitment of BiH to launch a comprehensive campaign for the collection, registration and disposal of illegal weapons over the forthcoming period. Raising awareness on the risks of keeping small arms and light weapons is an

15

Strategy for Small Arms and Light Weapons Control in BiH 2013-2016

In order to establish proper mechanisms for SALW control it is necessary to have accurate statistical data. As statistical data is collected at different levels of government and there is no unique methodology for its collection the Strategy underlines the importance of defining the minimum requirements for a common approach towards data collection. For this purpose it is necessary to develop a single form for the collection and monitoring of statistical data pertaining to SALW in Bosnia and Herzegovina.

equally important aspect of the Strategy. The Coordination Board for Control of Small Weapons shall coordinate implementation of such a campaign through cooperation with the media and the non-governmental sector. It is necessary to improve the capacities for the safe keeping, storage and disposal of small arms and light weapons. Police agencies, judicial bodies and civil protection units have limited capabilities for the storage and safe keeping of weapons. There will be a comprehensive analysis of their current capacities and requirements in order to improve safety standards in the field of the storage of weapons. Objective 3: Management of small arms and light weapons in the possession of the competent institutions and agencies in Bosnia and Herzegovina shall be carried out through implementation of the below strategic programmes.

Disposal of surplus SALW

Control and supervision over the process of the disposal of surplus SALW

Objective 3
Strategy for Small Arms and Light Weapons Control in BiH 2013-2016

Improving capacities for the safe keeping and storage of SALW

Upgrade of IT systems for the control of SALW

One of the greatest security challenges that Bosnia and Herzegovina faces is the threat of the uncontrolled explosion of ammunition and explosive ordnance stored at military storages. It is necessary to act urgently to resolve the issue of surplus weapons and ammunition in accordance with the principles adopted by the Presidency of BiH (through sale, donation or destruction). The disposal of surplus weapons and ammunition shall be carried out by em-

16

ploying civilian and military capacities for the disposal of ammunition in Bosnia and Herzegovina, through implementation of national and international contracts and agreements and application of strict regulations of control and supervision over the disposal process. The Ministry of Defence of Bosnia and Herzegovina shall conduct control, supervision and verification of the disposal of ammunition and explosive ordnance. As an additional mechanism, in order to improve the transparency of the process the non-governmental sector and other parties shall be given the chance to independently monitor the disposal process. The safety standards required for the storage of ammunition and the prevention of the theft of ammunition from storages shall be improved. In order to ensure safe keeping and storage of ammunition and weapons it is necessary to improve the safety of the infrastructure in accordance with international standards. In order to maintain accurate records and lists of weapons, ammunition and explosive ordnance there will be a comprehensive IT system for stockpile management at the Ministry of Defence of Bosnia and Herzegovina. Objective 4: International and regional cooperation and cooperation with NGOs shall be carried out through implementation of the below strategic programmes.
Strategy for Small Arms and Light Weapons Control in BiH 2013-2016

Multilateral and bilateral cooperation regarding control over SALW

Objective 4

Cooperation with civil society organisations

Multilateral and bilateral cooperation pertaining to the control of small arms and light weapons represents an important area. Bosnia and Herzegovina shall continue to meet its obligations from the United Nations Action Programme and the OSCE Document on small arms and light weapons. Cooperation with neighbouring countries, regional organisations (SEESAC and RACVIAC)

17

and international organisations shall continue for the purpose of exchanging experiences, improving standards and meeting international obligations. The non-governmental sector shall have its share in strengthening the control mechanisms for small arms and light weapons. The Strategy recognises the category of victims of small arms and light weapons and foresees implementaImprovement of the legal framework and implementation of SALW legislation Reduction in illegal SALW Management of SALW in the possession of competent BiH agencies and institutions International and regional cooperation and cooperation with NGOs

Harmonisation of the laws on weapons internally and with international standards Strengthening capacities for combating the illicit trade in SALW

Monitoring statistical data in the area of SALW

Resolving SALW surpluses

Multilateral and bilateral cooperation in the eld of control over SALW

Raising awareness on the risks associated with SALW

Control and supervision of process for disposal of surplus SALW

Cooperation with civil society organisations

Upgrade of IT system for the control of SALW

Collection and disposal of illegal SALW

Improvement of capacities to keep and store SALW

Strategy for Small Arms and Light Weapons Control in BiH 2013-2016

Improvement of control over the internal and external trade in SALW

Improvement of capacities to keep, store and dispose of SALW

Upgrade of IT system of SALW control

Diagram 2.1: Strategic goals and programmes over the period 2013-2016

tion of activities related to the identification of the victims of small arms and light weapons and of their needs. Special emphasis shall be given to the use of weapons in cases of domestic violence and the different influence that weapons have on men and women.

18

OVERVIEW OF STRATEGIC PROGRAMMES AND RESPONSIBLE INSTITUTIONS FOR IMPLEMENTATION


STRATEGIC PROGRAMME C1-P1 RESPONSIBLE INSTITUTION

(a)

Harmonisation of the laws on weapons both internally and with international standards Strengthening capacities for combating illicit weapons trafficking

(b)

Ministry of Internal Affairs of Republika Srpska, cantonal ministries of internal affairs in the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina and Brko District Police.

(c)

C1-P2

Ministry of Security of BiH, Ministry of Defence of BiH, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of BiH, Ministry of Civil Affairs of BiH, BiH Agency for Nuclear and Radioactive Security, BiH Directorate for Coordination of Police Agencies, Ministry of Foreign Trade and Economic Relations of BiH, Indirect Taxation Authority, BiH Border Police, Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Federation of BiH, Ministry of Internal Affairs of Republika Srpska, Brko District police, State Investigation and Protection Agency, BiH Intelligence-Security Agency and the cantonal ministries of internal affairs. Ministry of Foreign Trade and Economic Relations of BiH and the Ministry of Security of BiH. Ministry of Security of BiH, Ministry of Defence of BiH, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of BiH, Ministry of Civil Affairs of BiH, BiH Agency for Nuclear and Radioactive Security, BiH Directorate for Coordination of Police Agencies, Ministry of Foreign Trade and Economic Relations of BiH, Department for Indirect Taxation, BiH Border Police, Ministry of Internal Affairs of the FBiH, Ministry of Internal Affairs of RS, Brko District police, State Investigation and Protection Agency, BiH Intelligence-Security Agency and the cantonal ministries of internal affairs.
Strategy for Small Arms and Light Weapons Control in BiH 2013-2016

C1-P3

Upgrade of IT systems for control of SALW Improvement of control over the internal and external trade in SALW

C1-P4

19

STRATEGIC PROGRAMME C2-P1

RESPONSIBLE INSTITUTION

(a)

Monitoring statistical data in the area of SALW

(b)

Ministry of Security of BiH, SIPA, BiH Border Police, Directorate for Coordination of Police Agencies, IntelligenceSecurity Agency, entity and cantonal ministries of internal affairs, Brko District police, Ministry of Defence of BiH and the Agencies for statistics in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Coordination Board for the Control of Small Arms and the non-governmental sector in collaboration with police agencies within the work of police in the community. Entity and cantonal ministries of internal affairs, Brko District police, Civil Protection Department of RS and the Civil Protection Department of the FBiH. SIPA, BiH Border police, Directorate for Coordination of Police Agencies, entity and cantonal ministries of internal affairs, Brko District police, the entity civil protection agencies and the judicial bodies in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Ministry of Defence of BiH. Ministry of Defence of BiH, Parliamentary Commission for Defence and Security, Ministry of Security of BiH.

(c)

C2-P2

Raising awareness on the risks of SALW Collection and disposal of illegal SALW Improvement of the capacities for the safe keeping, storage and disposal of SALW Disposal of surplus SALW Control and supervision over the process of the disposal of surplus SALW Improvement of the capacities for the storage and safe keeping of SALW Upgrade of IT system for the control of SALW Multilateral and bilateral cooperation in the field of the control of SALW Cooperation with civil society organisations

C2-P3

C2-P4

C3-P1 C3-P2

C3-P3

Ministry of Defence of BiH.

Strategy for Small Arms and Light Weapons Control in BiH 2013-2016

C3-P4

Ministry of Defence of BiH.

C4-P1

Ministry of Foreign Affairs of BiH.

C4-P2

Coordination Board for the Control of Small Arms and Light Weapons.

Diagram 2.2: Strategic programmes and the institutions responsible for their implementation

20

II. SPECIAL PART OBJECTIVE 1 IMPROVEMENT OF LEGAL FRAMEWORK AND IMPLEMENTATION OF SALW LEGISLATION
Programme 1.1: Harmonisation of Laws on Weapons Internally and with International Standards Project 1.1.1: Creation of Conditions for the Harmonisation of Laws on Weapons
Project aim: End users: Project relevance: Laws on weapons in Bosnia and Herzegovina that are harmonised internally and with international standards. Entity and cantonal ministries of internal affairs and Brko District police. Bosnia and Herzegovina, as signatory to the Agreement on Stabilisation and Association Agreement, is obliged to harmonise its legislation with the acquis communautaire. There are currently twelve laws on weapons in Bosnia and Herzegovina that regulate this area in different ways, which results in different practices within the territory of Bosnia and Herzegovina. Conferences and workshops on topics pertaining to the harmonisation of laws on weapons and ammunition in Bosnia and Herzegovina shall strengthen the awareness of decision makers as to the importance of harmonising the laws on weapons with international standards. This project is based on an assessment by experts and professionals concerning the basic provisions of laws on weapons that ought to be harmonised with international standards, such as Directive 91/477/EEC and 2008/51/EC, as well as with the UN Protocol on Weapons. Based on the assessment and analysis of the conformity of laws on weapons with international standards, produced by
Strategy for Small Arms and Light Weapons Control in BiH 2013-2016

Project description:

21

Project description:

the United Nations Development Programme, a series of thematic workshops with representatives from entity, cantonal and Brko District judicial and executive bodies will be held. Thematic workshops shall serve as a platform for discussion aimed at strengthening the awareness of authorities concerning the importance of harmonising the laws. A draft law on weapons and ammunition that is harmonised with the above international standards shall be developed and shall serve as a foundation for the adoption of harmonised draft laws at the entity, cantonal and Brko District level.

Expected results:

A proposal of the draft law on weapons and ammunition harmonised internally and with international standards, bearing in mind the constitutional competencies in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Representatives of the ministries of internal affairs, governments and parliaments at the entity, cantonal and Brko District level will become familiar with the need for harmonisation of the laws on weapons and ammunition internally and with EU Directives. Draft laws put into procedure.

Project implementation activities:

Organise conferences and thematic workshops on the minimum requirements necessary for harmonisation of the laws on weapons in Bosnia and Herzegovina with relevant EU Directives and the UN Protocol on Weapons. Hire an external consultant to develop examples of laws on weapons and ammunition that are harmonised internally and with international standards. Individual meetings held with decision makers aimed at strengthening awareness on the importance of harmonisation of the laws on weapons and the methods of harmonisation.

Strategy for Small Arms and Light Weapons Control in BiH 2013-2016

Location: Project duration: Estimate of required funds:

Bosnia and Herzegovina 18 months 25,000 BAM

22

Programme 1.2: Strengthening Capacities for Combating the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons Project 1.2.1: Strengthening the areas of Human Resources and Technical Equipment for Combating the Illicit Trade in SALW
Objective: To improve the capacities of the police agencies in Bosnia and Herzegovina, the Intelligence-Security Agency, Indirect Taxation Authority and prosecutors offices and ensure that they are equipped to combat the illicit trade in small arms and light weapons. Police agencies in Bosnia and Herzegovina, Intelligence-Security Agency, Indirect Taxation Authority and the prosecutors offices. In order to achieve their goals, criminal organisations are coming up with new ways to conduct the illicit trade in small arms and light weapons. It is necessary to ensure permanent training and education for law enforcement agencies in this field, provide equipment for their work and more efficient cooperation on preventing and fighting the illicit trade in small arms and light weapons. Organise interactive training, courses and workshops aimed at familiarisation with the specificities of research and processing of this aspect of organised crime, with a focus on education on the applicability of special investigative enquiries. The project should meet the actual and most urgent needs of the competent institutions in BiH in their fight against the illicit trade in small arms and light weapons. There will be a list of required equipment for this purpose. Expected results: Improved efficiency amongst competent agencies and institutions in BiH to combat the illicit trade in small arms and light weapons, which will be reflected in greater numbers of investigations and prosecutions. 1. Organise training, courses and workshops for familiarisation with the specificities of research and the processing of this aspect of organised crime. 2. Procurement of proper equipment.
Strategy for Small Arms and Light Weapons Control in BiH 2013-2016

End users:

Project relevance:

Project description:

Project implementation activities:

23

Location: Project duration: Estimate of required funds:

Bosnia and Herzegovina 36 months 85,000 BAM

Project 1.2.2: Strengthening International and Regional Cooperation in Combating the Illicit Trade in SALW
Project aim: To improve control over the import and export of weapons and military equipment and collaboration with the competent agencies and institutions of the countries in the region. Ministry of Foreign Trade and Economic Relations of BiH, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of BiH, BiH Border Police, Indirect Taxation Authority, BiH Directorate for Coordination of Police Agencies, NGOs and the media. In order to prevent the illicit trade in small arms and light weapons it is necessary to strengthen cooperation between the competent institutions within the region and globally. By adopting best practice and benefiting from external experiences by joining initiatives at the regional and global level that deal with the control of weapons and military equipment Bosnia and Herzegovina shall improve its own standards in this field. Bosnia and Herzegovina shall also be able to offer its own experience and know-how to other countries. Organise international conferences in Bosnia and Herzegovina on the illicit trade in small arms and light weapons. Through close cooperation with competent institutions in Bosnia and Herzegovina and the countries of the region ensure better access to information concerning the regional and global flows of the illicit trade in small arms and light weapons. Affirm the achieved results through participation at international and regional conferences. Expected results: Increased number of seized illegal weapons, cutting of smuggling and trafficking flows and processing cases of the

End users:

Project relevance:

Strategy for Small Arms and Light Weapons Control in BiH 2013-2016

Project description:

24

Expected results:

illicit trade in small arms and light weapons. Improved cooperation and exchange of information at the regional and international level. 1. Organisation of and participation in international conferences, seminars and symposiums as well as other forms of cooperation in the area of the control of small arms and light weapons. 2. Regular contact and exchange of information with the competent institutions of the countries in the region. 3. Permanent communication and cooperation with regional organisations (SEESAC and RACVIAC) regarding control over small arms and light weapons.

Project implementation activities:

Location: Project duration: Estimate of required funds:

Bosnia and Herzegovina. 36 months 30,000 BAM

Project 1.2.3: Establishment of Legal Framework and Marking of Weapons in accordance with the Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trade in Firearms, their Components and Ammunition as a Measure of Control for the Prevention of the Illicit Trade in Firearms
Project aim: To meet the obligations from Article 5 of the Protocol requiring the introduction of appropriate legislation, and the obligations pertaining to Article 8 that require a comprehensive marking system incorporated into the phases of manufacturing, trade and tracking. To establish a sustainable system of marking and provide instruments for such a system through the development of capacities, which includes the procurement of equipment and the training of personnel. End users: Ministry of Foreign Trade and Economic Relations of BiH and the police agencies in Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Strategy for Small Arms and Light Weapons Control in BiH 2013-2016

25

Project relevance:

In addition to meeting its international obligations Bosnia and Herzegovina will achieve a better position in the region and ensure closer cooperation within the region through the tracking of marked weapons and ammunition; this will result in a strengthening of institutions and the overall system for the removal of weapons that find their way into communities through the illicit trade and provide for easier and more simple monitoring of the trade in weapons and their components. In its main intention, the Protocol is designed in such a way as to assist member countries to promote and strengthen cooperation in their fight against the illicit trade in weapons and their components and ammunition. Bosnia and Herzegovina ratified the Protocol against the illegal manufacturing of and trade in small arms, their components and ammunition (hereinafter the Protocol) on 1 April 2008, seven years after the Protocol was adopted by the UN General Assembly on 8 June 2001. Component 1. Adoption of legislation. Component 2. Procurement of equipment and training. The Ministry of Foreign Trade and Economic Relations of BiH, which is responsible for regulation of the area of manufacturing of weapons and military equipment and their external trade, is responsible for implementation of the Protocol. The Ministry is currently in the process of submitting a proposal to the Council of Ministers for adoption of a legal act that will enable implementation of obligations from the Protocol. Since the Protocol stipulates as basic guidelines the establishment of closer cooperation amongst country signatories to the Protocol in the fight against the illicit manufacturing of and trade in weapons, its components and ammunition this can be taken as a good foundation for its implementation. In regard to compliance with the guidelines defined under Article 8 of the Protocol and in accordance with Article 5, paragraph (3), both of which regulate the marking of weapons, it is clear that this issue should be quite high on the priority list for our country. The project will rest on legislation that has yet to be developed, which is an obligation from the Protocol, and on supporting instruments still to be created, i.e. regulations that will enable that the obligation from the Protocol referring to the marking and tracking of weapons be implemented.

Project description:

26

Strategy for Small Arms and Light Weapons Control in BiH 2013-2016

Project description:

In addition, the legal framework, when adopted, must contain appropriate instruments that will make implementation on the ground possible. Within further activities it will be necessary to establish a functional filing/archive system created in such a way that it is easy to consult and simple to access information. Furthermore, being guided by the framework introduced earlier and guidelines from the Protocol, it is necessary to procure equipment that will facilitate the implementation of the Law. Upon obtaining expert advice through coordination with the appropriate authorities, modalities for the conduct of training should be identified so that appropriate bodies can achieve a working capability within the newly established legal framework as well as be able to use the archive and equipment for tracking marked weapons. Then the process of implementation of the obligation to the operational level will follow i.e., oversight of companies that are obliged to do the marking. Thus, once the training has been completed the marking of items and their tracking will start both within the national territory and internationally if exported. The Protocol also contains the guideline that whatever is done must rest on a simple system which will be easy to put into operational use. This is a clear provision that has to be adhered to within the implementation of project activities. In view of the above stated, the below stages of the project can be identified.
Strategy for Small Arms and Light Weapons Control in BiH 2013-2016

a. Development of a legal framework b. Adoption of bylaws, rules and regulations that will serve as instruments for the implementation of the Protocol c. Procurement of equipment (software and hardware) d. Training 1 about the Protocol, the new Law and implementation instruments e. Training 2 use of equipment for marking, tracking and archiving f. Training 3 instruction on the marking and tracking of weapons in accordance with other international standards (e.g., OSCE Document on SALW). Expected result: The legal framework for the implementation will be established, which is the main obligation from the Protocol, and the following obligations will be fulfilled:

27

Expected result:

marking and tracking of weapons and components; filing/archiving of the received data. Organisations and individuals gain an increased capability to implement the Protocol, which is primarily the responsibility of the Ministry, namely MoFTER, and all services that deal with the supervision of production. Authorised personnel in the police agencies and border police are introduced to the modalities of implementation of the Protocol and the use of available instruments. Increased cooperation on the issue of weapons and component tracking in the region will be achieved through the establishment of contact and joint activities in a field that is new to BiH. This will be built up in a complementary way to the existing models of cooperation with neighbouring countries on the issues of arms smuggling and border security. At the same time, the practice of marking weapons and components will contribute to an easier way of identifying weapons within the territories of the neighbouring countries and thus facilitate a more efficient effort to have illegal weapons removed from communities. Training about the marking and tracking of weapons in accordance with other international standards conducted.

Project implementation activities:

Support the creation of a legal framework (working seminars and expert advice). 1. Conduct training of responsible institutions and individuals in the implementation of the Protocol and OSCE Document on small arms and light weapons. 2. Training on the general principles of marking and monitoring of weapons in accordance with other international standards and obligations. 3. Procurement of equipment that will facilitate the tracking and archiving of data (software and hardware equipment for the responsible ministries) and, once a joint decision has been made, the further procurement of a marking machine. 4. Establishment of regional cooperation pertaining to the implementation of the Protocol by making data on the marking contained in the archive available and through cooperation amongst the countries in the region on creating simple weapon signs to be used.

28

Strategy for Small Arms and Light Weapons Control in BiH 2013-2016

Location: Project duration: Estimate of required funds:

Ministry of Foreign Trade and Economic Relations of BiH and the police agencies in Bosnia and Herzegovina 18 months 250,000 BAM

Project 1.2.4: Training in the Control of SALW Brokering


Project aim: Improve capacities in Bosnia and Herzegovina for the suppression of the illegal trade in SALW and control of weapons brokering. Ministry of Security of BiH, Ministry of Defence of BiH, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of BiH, Directorate for Coordination of Police Bodies of BiH, Ministry of Foreign Trade and Economic Relations of BiH, Indirect Taxation Authority, BiH Border Police of BiH, Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Federation of BiH, Ministry of Internal Affairs of Republika Srpska, Brko District police, State Investigation and Protection Agency, Intelligence and Security Agency of BiH and the cantonal ministries of foreign affairs. Brokering services for the trade, import and export of weapons is an area of business that requires restriction. It is necessary to additionally strengthen the capacities of institutions in Bosnia and Herzegovina in control mechanisms for the monitoring of brokering services and in the international standards and obligations of Bosnia and Herzegovina in this area. This project will provide support to the responsible institutions in Bosnia and Herzegovina in acquiring new knowledge in the area of arms brokering. It will ensure that they participate in regional training programmes, with training also taking place in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Special attention during the training will be placed on the obligations of Bosnia and Herzegovina towards international organisations in this area and the standards laid down in international documents that Bosnia and Herzegovina has joined.

End users:

Project relevance:

Project description:

29

Strategy for Small Arms and Light Weapons Control in BiH 2013-2016

Expected results:

1. Improved control of SALW brokering in BiH. 2. Reduced risk of the illegal trade in SALW and illegal SALW brokering.

Project implementation activities:

1. Provide support to institutions in Bosnia and Herze-

govina for their participation in related brokering training programmes. 2. Organise training programmes in the area of brokering and the international obligations of Bosnia and Herzegovina in this area.

Location: Project duration: Estimation of funds required:

Regional training centres, Bosnia and Herzegovina 24 months 50,000 BAM

Programme 1.3: Improvement of Information Systems for the Control of Small Arms and Light Weapons Project 1.3.1: Establishment of Complementary Systems for Ballistic and Mechanoscopic Analysis and Improvement of the Existing ones
Project aim:
Strategy for Small Arms and Light Weapons Control in BiH 2013-2016

Provide support to the ballistic laboratories in Bosnia and Herzegovina in achieving international standards and best practice in the area of ballistic and mechanoscopic analysis, thus becoming an example of quality ballistic scientific practice and consequently an important factor in reducing the number of incidents committed with the use of firearms. Establish complementary systems for ballistic and mechanoscopic analysis in Bosnia and Herzegovina and improve the existing capacities. Analyse the possibility of providing mutual services amongst the forensic and ballistic institutions in Bosnia and Herzegovina so that they can be of use to all interested parties.

30

End users:

State Forensic Agency of BiH, Centre for Forensic and Information Support of the Police Department of the Federation of BiH, Forensics Unit of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Republika Srpska and the cantonal forensic laboratories. Establish modern and compatible capacities that will improve the investigative capacities of BiH institutions and enable an efficient exchange of information between similar institutions in Bosnia and Herzegovina, the region and wider. The project should meet the actual requirements of the ballistic laboratories in order to contribute to the improvement of the investigative capability of judicial authorities in BiH, thus also increasing the percentage of identified perpetrators of crimes and offences committed with firearms. To this end it is necessary to make a list of equipment required by the existing ballistic laboratories in Bosnia and Herzegovina. When making this list and also later when procuring the required equipment special attention will be paid to the compatibility of equipment amongst the responsible institutions as well as with the neighbouring countries, namely in the region. Thus, the equipment must facilitate an exchange of information and best practice between cooperating institutions and also provide mutual services amongst institutions. Furthermore, possibilities will be sought for using the existing resources and those yet to be procured across Bosnia and Herzegovina, based on submitted requests for services; this would contribute towards compatibility and would also reduce the resources required for the procurement of equipment for each institution individually. It is also necessary to ensure that the procurement of each item of equipment is accompanied by training provided by the supplier/manufacturer; this will be given special consideration when conducting the bidding process.

Project relevance:

Project description:

Expected results:

Equipment for ballistic and mechanoscopic analyses will be procured and it will be compatible with that in the responsible institutions in Bosnia and Herzegovina, thus enabling the mutual provision of services and information exchange. When procured and put into use, this equipment will enable better grounds for the investigative and security activities of the responsible

31

Strategy for Small Arms and Light Weapons Control in BiH 2013-2016

Expected results: Project implementation activities:

institutions as well as ensuring the required level of safety at work for officers conducting ballistic tests. 1. Create a prioritised list of equipment for forensic laboratories in Bosnia and Herzegovina. 2. Procure equipment and train staff in the use of such equipment.

Location: Project duration: Estimate of required funds:

Bosnia and Herzegovina 12 months 350,000 BAM

Project 1.3.2: Improvement of the Information System for the Control of Foreign Trade
Project aim: End users: Improve the existing information system for the control of foreign trade in SALW. Ministry of Security of BiH, Ministry of Defence of BiH, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of BiH, Ministry of Civil Affairs of BiH, Directorate for Nuclear and Radioactive Security of BiH, Directorate for Coordination of Police Bodies of BiH, Ministry of Foreign Trade and Economic Relations of BiH, Indirect Taxation Authority, BiH Border Police , Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Federation of BiH, Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Republika Srpska, Brko District police, State Investigation and Protection Agency and the Intelligence and Security Agency of BiH. The existing electronic system for the control of foreign trade (so called TRACKER) requires improvement. The TRACKER system is an important tool for the process of controlling foreign trade. This project will provide an analysis of the efficiency of the existing electronic system for the control of foreign trade. On the basis of this analysis the required modifications and improvements will be made to the existing system so that the system can become fully functional. Once the system is improved, personnel will be trained in how to use it.

Strategy for Small Arms and Light Weapons Control in BiH 2013-2016

Project relevance:

Project description:

32

Expected results:

Improved electronic system for the control of foreign trade in SALW. Improved control of foreign trade in SALW.

Project implementation activities:

1. Analysis of the efficiency of the TRACKER system. 2. Development of recommendations to improve the systems efficiency. 3. Improvement of the TRACKER system. 4. Training of personnel to use the improved system.

Location: Project duration: Estimate of required funds:

Bosnia and Herzegovina 12 months 120,000 BAM

Project 1.3.3: Improvement of the Information System for the Control of the Movement of Weapons and Military Equipment
Project aim: End users: Project relevance: Improve the system of electronic tracking and control of the movement of weapons and military equipment. Ministry of Security BiH, entity/cantonal ministries of internal affairs and Brko District police. Based on the Law on the Control of the Movement of Weapons and Military Equipment, an electronic system has been developed for the tracking and control of the movement of weapons and military equipment. In order for the system to be fully functional it is necessary to procure additional equipment for the responsible institutions. The registry for the control of the movement of weapons and military equipment is an important segment of maintaining records on the movement of weapons and equipment in Bosnia and Herzegovina as well as across its borders.

Project description:

33

Strategy for Small Arms and Light Weapons Control in BiH 2013-2016

Project description:

Although the electronic registry has already been developed it requires intervention in terms of additional improvement of the information base software. In addition, some of the institutions in charge of monitoring such movements do not possess adequate equipment for this purpose. The electronic registry for the control of the movement of weapons and military equipment will be improved and additional equipment for the use of the registry procured. 1. Information intervention to improve the software for the registry for the control of the movement of weapons and military equipment. 2. Procurement of equipment for the responsible institutions to improve access to and of use of the registry at all levels of responsible police agencies.

Expected results:

Project implementation activities:

Location: Project duration: Estimate of required funds:

Ministry of Security of BiH, entity/cantonal ministries of internal affairs and Brko District police. 12 months 40,000 BAM

Programme 1.4: Improvement of the Control of the Domestic and Foreign Trade in SALW
Strategy for Small Arms and Light Weapons Control in BiH 2013-2016

Project 1.4.1: Improvement of Inter-agency Cooperation through Organisation of Thematic Meetings in the area of the Domestic and Foreign Trade in SALW
Project aim: Improve the exchange of information and inter-agency cooperation in the area of the domestic and foreign trade in small arms and light weapons. Ministry of Security of BiH, Ministry of Defence of BiH, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of BiH, Ministry of Civil Affairs of BiH, BiH Directorate for Nuclear and Radioactive Security, BiH Directorate for Coordination of Police Bodies, Ministry of Foreign Trade and Economic Relations of

End users:

34

End users:

BiH, Indirect Taxation Authority, BiH Border Police, Ministry of Internal Affairs of the FBiH, Ministry of Internal Affairs of RS, Brko District Police, State Investigation and Protection Agency and the BiH Intelligence and Security Agency. The trade in small arms and light weapons is an area of business that requires restriction. Several agencies are involved in the process of clearance issuance. The system of information exchange and cooperation between agencies needs to be improved to allow for more frequent direct contact and discussion on various subject areas. Cooperation and the flow of information will be improved through the organisation of thematic meetings. Ensure exchange of information and close cooperation between the responsible agencies for the control of the domestic and foreign trade in small arms and light weapons by means of organising periodically thematic meetings. At present there is no mechanism for the systematic organisation of cooperation between the agencies monitoring the trade in small arms and light weapons. By organising meetings the system of information exchange will be improved and this will ensure that relevant decisions are made in a coherent manner and that they are in line with polices and plans of the agencies involved in this process. The information exchange system is improved and clearances and approvals for the domestic and foreign trade in SALW based on information that is immediately available and exchanged amongst the responsible agencies. Organise thematic meetings and roundtables with the aim of exchanging information and improving inter-agency cooperation. Bosnia and Herzegovina, Coordination Board for the Control of Small Arms 36 months 30,000 BAM

Project relevance:

Project description:

Expected results:

Project implementation activities: Location: Project duration: Estimate of required funds:

35

Strategy for Small Arms and Light Weapons Control in BiH 2013-2016

OBJECTIVE 2 DECREASE IN THE PRESENCE OF ILLEGAL SMALL ARMS AND LIGHT WEAPONS
Programme 2.1: Monitoring of Statistical Data in the area of Small Arms and Light Weapons Project 2.1.1: Development of a Single Form for the Standardisation of Statistical Data in the area of Small Arms and Light Weapons
Project aim: End users: Standardise the keeping of statistical data in the area of small arms and light weapons. Ministry of Security of BiH, State Intelligence and Protection Agency, Directorate for Coordination of Police Agencies, entity/cantonal ministries of internal affairs and Brko District police. Statistical indicators are an important segment in the creation of policies in the area of small arms and light weapons. Given the fragmented responsibilities in this area and the fact that different institutions keep statistical indicators in different ways it is currently impossible to make a comparison of statistical indicators in Bosnia and Herzegovina at various levels of authority. This fact makes the monitoring of the area and the creation of policies that will improve the prevention of incidents involving SALW more difficult. The project adopts an analytical approach towards the current statistical indicators for SALW so that an insight can be gained into the ways in which statistical data is kept in the field of SALW. Based on an analysis, a single form will be developed which will represent a single methodology for the collection of data in this area. Once the form has been developed it will be launched and the adoption of this method of data collection advocated for in order that trends in this area can be more easily monitored and as a result reporting to the responsible international institutions improved.

Project relevance:

Strategy for Small Arms and Light Weapons Control in BiH 2013-2016

Project description:

36

Expected results:

Statistical data in the area of SALW will be kept on the basis of a single methodology throughout Bosnia and Herzegovina at all levels of authority. 1. Create a map of the current statistical data on SALW kept by the responsible agencies. 2. Develop a single form for the standardisation of statistical data on SALW. 3. Promote the single form with the aim of ensuring that all responsible agencies adopt the single methodology for data collection in the area of SALW.

Project implementation activities:

Location: Project duration: Estimate of required funds:

Bosnia and Herzegovina 12 months 25,000 BAM

Project 2.1.2: Independent Monitoring and Analysis of Data in the area of SALW accompanied by Media Presentations
Project aim: Continuous independent monitoring and analysis of statistical data in the area of SALW with the aim of comparing media reports with official police statistics.
Strategy for Small Arms and Light Weapons Control in BiH 2013-2016

End users:

Ministry of Security of BiH, State Intelligence and Protection Agency, Directorate for Coordination of Police Bodies, entity/cantonal ministries of internal affairs and Brko District police. In addition to the official reports of the police and other agencies on statistical data related to SALW incidents it is necessary to ensure independent monitoring of data concerning SALW. In this way the responsible institutions in Bosnia and Herzegovina will be supported in improving transparency in the area of SALW and the public will be better informed about the current situation in this regard.

Project relevance:

37

Project description:

With support from the non-governmental sector in Bosnia and Herzegovina the independent monitoring of statistical data on SALW incidents will be ensured as well as activities by the police agencies on the prevention and sanctioning of perpetrators. Through detailed reports on statistics and the operation of police agencies an independent picture will be gained as to the situation in the area of SALW and their prevention and or sanctioning. Reports will be sent to the relevant media in Bosnia and Herzegovina so that they can inform the public.

Expected results:

Semi-annual reports on the situation concerning SALW, presentation of statistical indicators to the public and an independent evaluation of the work of the responsible institutions in this area. 1. Collect statistical data on SALW based on a single form. 2. Process and present data to the public. 3. Compare the situation concerning SALW with the situation during previous periods of time so that trends can be monitored.

Project implementation activities:

Location: Project duration: Estimate of required funds:


Strategy for Small Arms and Light Weapons Control in BiH 2013-2016

Bosnia and Herzegovina 36 months 36,000 BAM

Project 2.1.3: Drafting of Semi-annual and Annual Media Monitoring Reports


Project aim: To monitor media reports on SALW incidents in at least three dailies/news portals in order to acquire an additional indicator of the situation in this regard. Ministry of Security of BiH, SIPA, Directorate for Coordination of Police Bodies, entity/cantonal ministries of internal affairs and Brko District Police.

End users:

38

Project relevance:

Drafting reports on media reporting represents an additional mechanism to the official statistics compiled by the police agencies for monitoring the statistical indicators on SALW. In this way a complete overview of the situation in this field, necessary for creating future policies for action, would be ensured. A Media Monitoring Report on SALW is made on the basis of the RMDS methodology for monitoring media reporting. The methodology includes categories related to SALW incidents. In order for the analysis to be comprehensive a report is based on the monitoring of at least three dailies situated in different geographic areas of Bosnia and Herzegovina. An analysis of data collected on the basis of monitoring is carried out and published semi-annually and annually. The report is in addition to the official reports issued by the authorised bodies.

Project description:

Expected results:

Completed semi-annual and annual Media Monitoring Reports on SALW containing clear indicators as to the situation in this regard. 1. Monitoring of at least three dailies for data on SALW incidents. 2. Drafting of semi-annual and annual reports (MMR) on the SALW situation based on media reporting.
Strategy for Small Arms and Light Weapons Control in BiH 2013-2016

Project implementation activities:

Location: Duration of project: Estimate of required funds:

Bosnia and Herzegovina 36 months 12,000 BAM

39

Programme 2.2: Raising Awareness on SALW Risks Project 2.2.1: Promotion of Teaching Aids and Implementation of Educational Programmes in Schools on SALW Risks
Project aim: End users: Project relevance: To raise awareness amongst children, parents and teachers on SALW risks. Pupils, parents and teachers in primary schools in BiH. With the raising of awareness amongst young people and children on SALW risks it is to be expected that they will influence their elders (parents and elderly persons) to turn over and illegal weapons they possess to the authorised institutions and thus reduce the danger they pose. This project will achieve a reduction in the use of weapons primarily amongst children and young people. The project will raise awareness amongst the said population about the dangers associated with SALW and influence a reduction in the number of casualties of SALW. Project description: Within this project a survey will be carried out in all primary schools in BiH with the aim of gathering information in connection with the implementation of the curriculum (the part that pertains to mine awareness and SALW awareness) and the availability of teaching aid sets. Workshops for headmasters and pedagogues of primary schools in BiH will be organised in each canton/region/Brko District in order to promote teaching material and the importance of implementing educational programmes on the risks associated with SALW; this will be followed by the distribution of teaching aids sets to all primary schools in BiH. School pedagogues will organise meetings with teachers in their respective schools to inform them that teaching material for classes on the risks associated with SALW, as foreseen in the curriculum, have been made available to schools, while teachers will give lectures on the negative impact and dangers of landmines and SALW during the class consultations.

40

Strategy for Small Arms and Light Weapons Control in BiH 2013-2016

Expected results:

Primary schools in BiH will possess sets of teaching aids and material for education on mine awareness and SALW awareness. Education is carried out in primary schools in accordance with the current curriculum and using the sets of teaching aids and material. Reduction in the use of SALW by young people. Reduction in the number of casualties of SALW.

Project implementation activities:

1. Identification of the availability of teaching material sets that are already included in the curriculum in primary schools in BiH. 2. Organisation of meetings with the ministries of education with the aim of informing them about the planned activities. 3. Organisation of meetings at the regional/cantonal level with headmasters and pedagogues of primary schools with the aim to promote and distribute the educational sets. 4. In their respective schools the school pedagogues will organise meetings with teachers in order to present the project and the teaching sets. Teachers will then implement activities on SALW awareness using the educational sets in accordance with the curriculum.

Location: Duration of project: Estimate of required funds:

Bosnia and Herzegovina


Strategy for Small Arms and Light Weapons Control in BiH 2013-2016

24 months 500,000 BAM

41

Project 2.2.2: Organising School Competitions that include Messages on SALW Risks
Project aim: Through school competitions, at all levels, children adopt knowledge, exchange experiences and accept safe practices with regard to the dangers of SALW. Primary school pupils from the 6th to 9th grade, teachers and parents. Sports activities present an excellent opportunity for raising awareness amongst children and young people. Sports competitions will be organised under slogans that point to the risks that SALW pose to society. This will be a preventive action aimed at children and young people, while the contest will have an educational character in the form of additional education for children and young people on this specific issue. The project will be led by an Organising Board for competitions which will prepare the material for competitions (rules and tasks). This material will be submitted to the ministries of education for approval and agreement upon implementation of the project. Once approved the promotional material will be prepared and printed. During the competitions school children will be tested and competing teams will be formed to participate in other levels of competition (municipal, regional/cantonal, entity, Brko District and state). By involving the media in the promotion of competitions this problem will be placed in the public eye. Monitoring will be carried out at all levels of competition by the Organising Board, which will carry out an analysis and prepare a report at the end. Expected results: During one year 3,200 pupils will be directly involved in competitions, while over 100,000 children will be involved indirectly through testing. Reduction of the use of SALW among young people. Reduction in the number of casualties of SALW.

End users: Project relevance:

Project description:

42

Strategy for Small Arms and Light Weapons Control in BiH 2013-2016

Expected results:

Primary school children are made aware of the dangers of SALW through competitions and promotional material. The SALW issue is in the public eye.

Project implementation activities:

1. Preparation of competitions. 2. Testing of pupils from 6th to 9th grade and forming of competing teams. 3. Organisation of school competitions. 4. Organisation of municipal competitions. 5. Organisation of cantonal/regional competitions. 6. Organisation of entity and Brko District competitions. 7. Organisation of the state competition.

Location: Duration of project: Estimate of required funds:

Bosnia and Herzegovina 12 months 93,000 BAM

Project 2.2.3: Programme for Capacity Building of the Media for adequate Media Reporting
Strategy for Small Arms and Light Weapons Control in BiH 2013-2016

Project aim:

To improve the knowledge of journalists and the media in general as to the importance of the SALW control issue in Bosnia and Herzegovina as well as methods for adequate media reporting. The media and public in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Reporting by the media on SALW related issues in Bosnia and Herzegovina is very often sensationalist and such media reports can disturb the public and create a wrong perception of the real issue.

End users: Project relevance:

43

Project description:

Programme of training for the media and journalists to improve their knowledge on SALW control methods and activities aimed at strengthening control. This project is based on a training programme that contains different topics related to SALW. The project will gather media and journalists from the whole of BiH and ensure that the media is informed about the manner of reporting SALW incidents, but also on the activities carried out by authorised institutions in BiH. Journalists from 20 media outlets successfully complete training on adequate media reporting on SALW. Promotional material on the challenges of reporting SALW drafted and distributed to journalists and media outlets.

Expected results:

Project implementation activities:

1. Creation of a training module on adequate media reporting on SALW. 2. Training to be carried out in three training cycles. 3. Promotional material drafted and distributed to journalists and media outlets.

Location: Duration of project: Estimate of required funds:


Strategy for Small Arms and Light Weapons Control in BiH 2013-2016

Bosnia and Herzegovina 12 months 25,000 BAM

Project 2.2.4: Strengthening the Role of Sports and Hunting Associations in BiH Shoot in a Sportsmanlike Manner or Not at All
Project aim: Promoting the role of sports and hunting associations in the SALW control system as a legal alternative for citizens interested in keeping and using weapons. Sports marksmanship clubs, hunting organisations/associations, NGO sector. This project will enable citizens interested in weapons to satisfy their interest through sports and hunting associations.

End users: Project relevance:

44

Project description:

The project offers an alternative for those citizens interested in keeping weapons to use them within sports and hunting associations. Negative consequences of the improper handling of weapons and inadequate keeping of weapons will be pointed out to citizens through the organisation of sports competitions. Another objective of the project is to raise the awareness of citizens about the negative aspects of the illegal possession of weapons. Raised awareness of citizens concerning the negative aspects of illegally possessed weapons. 1. Promotion of enrolment into marksmanship and hunting organisations. 2. Organisation of sports activities with messages on the negative aspects of the illegal possession of weapons.

Expected results: Project implementation activities:

Location: Duration of project: Estimate of required funds:

Bosnia and Herzegovina 12 months 35,000 BAM

Programme 2.3: Collecting and Destroying of Illegal SALW


Strategy for Small Arms and Light Weapons Control in BiH 2013-2016

Project 2.3.1: Organisation of Programmes for the Collection and Registration of Illegal SALW
Project aim:
To contribute to reducing of the damaging influence of illegally owned weapons on society through a reduction in their number, better prevention of their misuse and building of post-conflict trust. Ministry of Internal Affairs of the FBiH, Ministry of Interior of RS and Brcko District Police. These activities represent an integrated intervention with the aim of collecting and destroying illegally owned weapons.

End users: Project relevance:

45

Project relevance:

It will increase the capacities of law enforcement agencies and authorities to prevent future incidents and conflicts involving the use of weapons and to reduce violence. The aim of this initiative on collecting weapons is not simply to transfer the illegal weapons from the hands of citizens to the hands of official bodies but is intended to contribute to the overall objective of reducing the damaging influence that SALW have on society. This will be achieved by reducing the number of SALW, better prevention of their misuse and through reconciliation and trust building measures. Thus, the collection of weapons will be a development programme striving to achieve the aforesaid goals. A successful weapons collection programme consists of five main elements: understanding the factor of demand, use of appropriate incentives, raising awareness and changing attitudes concerning ownership of weapons, the timing and duration of weapons collection and destruction campaigns. This programme is an initiative based on amnesty. At present owning an unregistered weapon is a criminal offence and is punishable by law in most of BiH. With the aim of establishing an appropriate legal framework, government in BiH will adopt decisions on amnesty for a predetermined period of time during which citizens will be able to voluntarily turn in weapons without sanction. After the period of amnesty has expired there will be a period of strict implementation of the law, which will in turn be followed by another decisive period of amnesty. A successful weapons collection campaign requires a preliminary assessment of the problem that needs to be resolved. Otherwise it would be impossible to set clear standards for success. The factor of demand will be approached through a comprehensive assessment aimed at determining the attitude and perceptions of weapons owners. This assessment will be made before collecting weapons begins. In order for the collection of weapons to be successful the security of citizens needs to be maintained. Over the past two years measures for improving the perception of security through building better relations between citizens and the police, such as police community work, have had positive results throughout BiH. Consequently, the campaign to collect weapons will be tied to the broader theme of security and reform of the justice system, in particular to the work of the police in the community and community security programmes.

Project description:

46

Strategy for Small Arms and Light Weapons Control in BiH 2013-2016

Project description:

The concept of a balanced collection of weapons will be applied. The balance will be achieved between individual and collective motivation. Individuals will be motivated through a lottery system through which individuals will receive lottery tickets for turning in weapons. Individual motivation to turn in weapons will also have a social aspect. The choice of lottery prizes will be based on a prior assessment of the needs of the people. Collective motivation will also be based on offering development programmes in exchange for weapons. Reduction in the number of illegally owned weapons. Increase in the number of registered weapons.

Expected results:

Project implementation activities:

1. Conduct of a comprehensive assessment with the aim of identifying the attitudes and perceptions of weapon owners in order to ensure that the demands of all actors are satisfied. 2. Running a campaign to raise awareness on this issue. 3. Carrying out an operation to find and collect weapons. 4. Destruction of the collected weapons. 5. Promotion of trust building activities. 6. Implementation of security development projects in selected communities.

Location: Duration of project: Estimate of required funds:

Bosnia and Herzegovina 18 months 750,000 BAM


Strategy for Small Arms and Light Weapons Control in BiH 2013-2016

47

Programme 2.4: Improving Capacities for Guarding, Storing and Destroying SALW Project 2.4.1: Conduct of a Study to Assess the Need for Police Agency Depositories and Storage Locations for SALW - with Recommendations
Project aim: The objective of the project is to conduct a study that will provide a detailed overview of the current state of storage facilities for weapons, weapon components, ammunition and explosive material (B materials) and facilities used for this purpose. Ministry of Security of BiH, entity/cantonal ministries of internal affairs and Brko District Police. Police agencies in BiH possess limited capacities for guarding and storing SALW. The existing capacities do not meet security and other standards. Thus there is a need to improve SALW storage facilities in accordance with security and fire safety standards. This project will provide an overview of the situation in this regard with the aim of providing detailed recommendations for the improvement of security standards at storage facilities. The state of SALW storage facilities will be assessed in accordance with the standards for security, fire safety and the capacity to store B materials. At the same time the study needs to determine practical proposals and ways as well as proposed equipment to clearly, on the basis of structural proposals, state what is necessary to be invested in order to bring the said facilities up to the required level. The study should also contain a detailed financial plan for the modernisation of these facilities. The teams that will work on the study should carry out the below tasks.

End users: Project relevance:

Project description:

Strategy for Small Arms and Light Weapons Control in BiH 2013-2016

1. A thorough inspection of the facilities and current conditions for storage, followed by a determination of the possibilities for improvement. 2.Determine the precise cost estimate for improvement of the facilities.

48

Project description:

3. Determine a proposal for the equipment necessary for improvement, on the basis of local and international standards. 4.Determine whether there is a need for individual training within the process of improvement and installation of new equipment.

Expected results:

The study on the current state of SALW storage facilities of the police agencies in BiH, possibilities for improvement and the funding required for this. 1. Field research to determine the current state of SALW storage facilities of the police agencies in BiH. 2. Conduct structured and semi-structured interviews on the needs of those departments that deal with SALW. 3. Conduct of the study, including detailed proposals for improvement. 4. Study design and printing. 5. Presentation of the study and its main results to the end users and all other interested parties.

Project implementation activities:

Location: Duration of project: Estimate of required funds:

Bosnia and Herzegovina 6 months 15,000 BAM


Strategy for Small Arms and Light Weapons Control in BiH 2013-2016

49

Project 2.4.2: Improvement of the Police Agencies Storage Capacities and Standards for the Storage of SALW
Project aim: End users: Project relevance: To improve security standards and storage capacities for the storage of SALW. Ministry of Security of BiH, entity/cantonal ministries of interior and Brko District police. This project represents the implementation of the findings of the study to assess the current state of SALW storage facilities. Police agencies in BiH possess limited capacities to guard and store SALW and the existing capacities do not meet security and other standards. Thus, there is a need to improve the facilities for SALW storage in accordance with security and fire safety standards. This project is to carry out the procurement and installation of equipment and ensure civil engineering and other improvements intended for the improvement of storage conditions for SALW. This will be done in line with security standards and in accordance with the findings of the study to assess the state of SALW storage facilities. The result of this project will be an improvement in the conditions for the storage of SALW and B material, which will have an impact on the security situation within the institutions and departments that deal with this issue. 1. Construction works on SALW storage facilities. 2. Installation of new equipment, as determined by the study. Bosnia and Herzegovina 18 months 110,000 BAM

Project description:

Expected results:

Strategy for Small Arms and Light Weapons Control in BiH 2013-2016

Project implementation activities:

Location: Duration of project: Estimate of required funds:

50

OBJECTIVE 3 MANAGEMENT OF SALW IN THE POSSESSION OF AUTHORISED INSTITUTIONS AND AGENCIES IN BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA
Programme 3.1: Solving the Issue of Surplus SALW Project 3.1.1: Conduct of a Study into the Burden that SALW represents for Bosnia and Herzegovina and their Influence on the Civilian Population and Development
Project aim: To prepare a study on the amount of military and civilian weapons in Bosnia and Herzegovina and the impact of these weapons on social development. The Ministry of Defence of BiH, Ministry of Security of BiH, entity/cantonal ministries of interior and Brko District police. For the first time in BiH, the study will merge all data on the amount of weapons currently available in BiH and assess the threat that these weapons pose to the civilian population and the development of Bosnia and Herzegovina. The project includes the preparation of a study encompassing available data on the amount of military and civilian weapons in BiH. On the basis of the collected data, a risk assessment will be made into the threat that such weapons pose to the civilian population and development in Bosnia and Herzegovina. The assessment process will take into account the different impact that weapons have on men and women. A risk assessment of ammunition and landmines and explosive ordnance possessed by the Ministry of Defence of BiH will be based on the age of the ammunition and the probability of an uncontrolled explosion. The inhabited areas in the vicinity of military ammunition storage sites will be taken into consideration and the impact that an uncontrolled explosion would have on such areas.

End users:

Project relevance:

Project description:

51

Strategy for Small Arms and Light Weapons Control in BiH 2013-2016

Project description:

In addition, a risk assessment of the weapons possessed by citizens and data on SALW incidents will provide a picture indicating how these phenomena affect the development, economic prosperity and international reputation of BiH. The study will not only be useful for those stakeholders in BiH that make policies for the fight against the negative effects that SALW have on the population and development but also for those NGOs that suggest directions that these institutions should take in order to improve the situation in this field.

Expected results:

The completed study indicating how SALW burden Bosnia and Herzegovina and their impact on the countrys civilian population and development. 1. Preparation and dissemination of a questionnaire aimed at collecting data on SALW possessed by institutions in BiH. 2. Preparation of a questionnaire and a public opinion survey on weapons possessed by civilians. 3. Risk assessment on the influence of weapons in BiH. 4. Preparation of the study. 5. Presentation of the findings of the study to the public and institutions in BiH.

Project implementation activities:

Location:
Strategy for Small Arms and Light Weapons Control in BiH 2013-2016

Bosnia and Herzegovina 8 months 18,000 BAM

Project duration: Estimate of required funds:

52

Project 3.1.2: Destruction of Surplus SALW at the envisaged Rate and the Capacity for Destruction
Project aim: Destruction of high risk and conventional ammunition and complex weapons systems aimed at preventing uncontrolled explosions at ammunition and explosive ordnance storage sites. Ministry of Defence of BiH. The Ministry of Defence of BiH possesses over 17,000 tons of surplus ammunition. The average age of this ammunition is in excess of 30 years. The risk of an uncontrolled explosion of the ammunition is very high. Uncontrolled explosions take lives and cause considerable material damage to both military and civilian facilities. Destruction of surplus ammunition and explosive ordnance prevents the uncontrolled explosion of chemically unstable ammunition. Considering the large amount of such ammunition in Bosnia and Herzegovina it is necessary to expedite the process of ammunition destruction by using all available military and civilian capacities for ammunition destruction in BiH. The primary methods of destruction will be decommissioning and the methods of open detonation and open incineration as required. Although approximately 1,000 tons of ammunition is destroyed each year in BiH the estimated optimum capacity for ammunition destruction is between 2,000 and 2,500 tons per year. In this regard, this project will ensure the use of all available capacities and expedite the process of ammunition and explosive ordnance destruction. During ammunition destruction the risks that can have a negative impact on the environment shall be minimised and strict control and oversight by the Ministry of Defence, civilian parliamentary authorities, international institutions and the NGO sector shall be ensured as will full transparency during the process. Expected results: Quantity of destroyed ammunition amounting to approximately 6,000 tons

End users: Project relevance:

Project description:

53

Strategy for Small Arms and Light Weapons Control in BiH 2013-2016

Project implementation activities:

1. Carrying out an inspection of the technical features of ammunition and explosive ordnance. 2. Advertising ammunition for destruction. 3. Ammunition destruction. 4. Oversight and verification of the destruction process.

Location: Project duration: Estimate of required funds:

Bosnia and Herzegovina 36 months 6,000,000 BAM

Project 3.1.3: Transport and Storage of Ammunition from Non-prospective to Prospective Storage Sites
Project aim: To transport prospective ammunition of the Ministry of Defence of BiH from non-prospective ammunition storage sites to prospective storage sites, thus making the non-prospective ammunition storage sites available for further use in accordance with the procedures for solving the issue of immovable defence property. Ministry of Defence of BiH. In addition to surplus weapons, the Ministry of Defence of BiH has prospective ammunition intended for the future needs of the Ministry. The prospective ammunition includes combat kits amounting to approximately 7,500 tons of ammunition. Some of the ammunition is stored at non-prospective ammunition storage sites and should be transported to the prospective ones. With the aim of disposing of non-prospective ammunition storage sites it is necessary to transport prospective ammunition in order to systemise the process of managing the ammunition and explosive ordnance stockpiles.

End users: Project relevance:

Strategy for Small Arms and Light Weapons Control in BiH 2013-2016

Project description:

54

Project description:

The standards for managing the ammunition stockpiles shall be complied during the transportation and the prospective ammunition shall be stored at the prospective storage sites in accordance with international standards and good ammunition storage practices. Thus, the non-prospective ammunition storage sites will be made available for further use in accordance with the process of the use of immovable defence property. A long-term goal of this process, along with surplus ammunition destruction, is to relieve the budget of the requirement to allocate funds for safekeeping and maintenance of non-prospective ammunition storage sites.

Expected results: Project implementation activities:

Around 3,000 tons of ammunition transported from nonprospective to prospective ammunition storage sites. 1. Transportation of ammunition from non-prospective to prospective ammunition and explosive ordnance storage sites. 2. Storing ammunition at the prospective sites in accordance with international standards. 3. Making non-prospective ammunition storage sites available for further use in accordance with the procedures for the use of immovable defence property.

Location: Project duration: Estimate of required funds:

Bosnia and Herzegovina


Strategy for Small Arms and Light Weapons Control in BiH 2013-2016

36 months 480,000 BAM

55

Project 3.1.4: Establishing an Independent Mechanism for Monitoring the Process of SALW Destruction
Project aim: To establish an independent mechanism for monitoring the process of SALW destruction, aimed at enhancing the transparency of the process. The Ministry of Defence of BiH and the Parliamentary Committee on Defence and Security. SALW destruction shall be carried out in the presence of the commission for the verification of SALW destruction or other responsible commissions and or representatives of the responsible institutions in BiH. However, it is necessary to improve the control process by establishing an independent procedure for monitoring and verification of SALW destruction. With the aim of enhancing the transparency of the process of SALW destruction this project shall establish an independent mechanism for monitoring and verification of SALW destruction. The continuous presence of independent verifiers at the SALW destruction sites shall further strengthen the mechanism for monitoring and verification. The verifiers shall certify the amounts of destroyed SALW and monitor compliance with SALW destruction standards. The reports on SALW destruction, which shall be made on a daily, weekly and monthly basis, shall include all necessary details on the destroyed quantities. The reports will be used as a supplementary mechanism for monitoring and verification, in addition to the official reports of the responsible institutions in BiH. Expected results: The amount of destroyed SALW verified by an independent verifier/ agency. An independent report prepared and presented to the responsible institutions in BiH and the public. Project implementation activities: 1. Presence of verifiers at SALW destruction sites. 2. Monitoring compliance with the regulations and standards during SALW destruction.

End users: Project relevance:

56

Strategy for Small Arms and Light Weapons Control in BiH 2013-2016

Project implementation activities:

3. Preparation of independent reports on the destroyed quantities of SALW. 4. Presentation of the reports at annual conferences and to the media on the destruction process and other events.

Location: Project duration: Estimate of required funds:

Bosnia and Herzegovina 36 months 144,000 BAM

Project 3.1.5: Preparation of an Environmental Study on Ammunition Destruction by Open Detonation


Project aim: To prepare a study on ammunition destruction by open detonation with the recommended measures for environmental protection aimed at diminishing the negative environmental impact of the process of ammunition destruction by open detonation. The Ministry of Defence of BiH. Ammunition destruction by open detonation can have a negative environmental impact if not in compliance with the strictest standards for environmental protection. Considering that the destruction is carried out by open detonation it is necessary to assess the method of ammunition destruction by open detonation and prepare recommendations to reduce the negative impact to the greatest possible extent. An environmental study on ammunition and explosive ordnance destruction by open detonation represents an important segment in the process of surplus SALW destruction. The study will provide an insight into the process of SALW destruction by open detonation and offer recommendations for additional capacity building of the Armed Forces of BiH to apply international standards for ammunition destruction by open detonation in an environmentally friendly manner.

End users: Project relevance:

Project description:

57

Strategy for Small Arms and Light Weapons Control in BiH 2013-2016

Project description:

Although the Ministry of Defence already monitors the process of ammunition destruction with a focus on environmental protection the findings of the study will provide a basis for further improvement of operational procedures and establishing a legal framework for environmental protection in the processes of SALW destruction. Preparation of the study on the application of environmental standards in the process of ammunition destruction by open detonation. 1. Visits to the sites for ammunition destruction by open detonation. 2. Review the standard operating procedures at the ranges for ammunition destruction by open detonation. 3. Provide an insight into the methods of work at the ranges. 4. Soil sampling. 5. Preparation of the study with recommendations.

Expected results:

Project implementation activities:

Location: Project duration: Estimate of required funds:


Strategy for Small Arms and Light Weapons Control in BiH 2013-2016

The ranges for open detonations in Bosnia and Herzegovina. 12 months 50,000 BAM

Project 3.1.6: Media Campaign to Monitor the Process of Solving the Issue of Surplus SALW Destruction
Project aim: To raise public awareness on the significance of the process of surplus SALW destruction from the aspect of the security of Bosnia and Herzegovina and the wider region. The general public of Bosnia and Herzegovina.

End users:

58

Project relevance:

The process of solving the issue of surplus SALW has great significance for the improvement of security in Bosnia and Herzegovina. With the aim to appropriately inform the public about the process and its significance it is necessary to launch a comprehensive media campaign and make the public aware of the process. This will additionally enhance public confidence in the defence and security institutions of BiH. Through various media formats, this project will inform the public about the significance of the process of surplus SALW destruction in Bosnia and Herzegovina from the aspect of security of the country and the wider region. The media campaign will strengthen public confidence in the responsible institutions through the transparency of the process. The public made aware of the significance of the process of solving the issue of SALW from the aspect of security and the international reputation of Bosnia and Herzegovina.

Project description:

Expected results:

Project implementation activities:

1. Presentation of the process of solving the issue of SALW


through various formats (TV, radio, print and electronic media).

2. Organisation of programmes and interviews on the topic of solving the issue of SALW. 3. Other forms of presenting the results of the process of solving the issue of SALW in the media. Location: Project duration: Estimate of required funds: Bosnia and Herzegovina 28 months 70,000 BAM
Strategy for Small Arms and Light Weapons Control in BiH 2013-2016

59

Programme 3.2: Control and Oversight of the Process of Solving the Issue of Surplus SALW Project 3.2.1: Organisation of Roundtables on the Topic of Solving the Issue of Surplus SALW
Project aim: Exchange of information on the process of solving the issue of surplus SALW and an improvement in inter-agency cooperation within this field. The Ministry of Defence of BiH, Parliamentary Committee on Defence and Security, Ministry of Security of BiH and the Ministry of Foreign Trade and Economic Relations of BiH. In terms of the exchange of information and improvement of inter-agency co-operation, the organisation of thematic roundtables is a very special method of cooperation. Several agencies are currently engaged in the process of solving the issue of surplus SALW and they will be provided with opportunities to exchange views and information on specific areas related to solving the issue of surplus SALW during the roundtables. The exchange of information will result in improved cooperation and decisions makers will benefit from better inter-agency cooperation. The project will arrange thematic roundtables on six different topics as follows: surplus ammunition destruction, surplus ammunition sale, surplus ammunition donation, control of the export of surplus SALW, the capacities and legal framework for solving the issue of SALW, and the sale of secondary raw material produced during SALW destruction. The participants of the thematic roundtables will be representatives from the responsible agencies, the NGO sector and the institutions that carry out civilian oversight over the process of solving the issue of surplus SALW. Expected results: Improved transparency of the process of solving the issue of surplus SALW through improved exchange of information and closer inter-agency cooperation.

End users:

Project relevance:

Project description:

60

Strategy for Small Arms and Light Weapons Control in BiH 2013-2016

Project implementation activities: Location: Project duration: Estimate of required funds:

Organisation of six thematic roundtables on topics crucial to solving the issue of surplus SALW. Bosnia and Herzegovina 36 months 12,000 BAM

Project 3.2.2: Organisation of Annual Conferences for Reporting on the Results of Solving the Issue of Surplus SALW
Project aim: End users: Project relevance: To present the results of the process of solving the issue of surplus SALW. The Ministry of Defence of BiH. It is important that the Ministry of Defence presents the results of the process of solving surplus SALW. Annual conferences will provide a platform for the presentation not only of official reports but also the reports issued by nongovernmental and international agencies. The conferences will also be used to present the future plans of the Ministry of Defence in this area.
Strategy for Small Arms and Light Weapons Control in BiH 2013-2016

Project description:

The project will enable the organisation of annual conferences on the results of the process of solving surplus SALW. The conferences shall be organised by the Ministry of Defence of BiH. Results and future plans shall be presented at the conferences. The conferences will serve for the identification of good practice and lessons learned over the past period aimed at improving the process in the future.

Expected results:

Results of the process of solving surplus SALW presented by the Ministry of Defence of BiH on an annual basis.

61

Project implementation activities: Location: Project duration: Estimate of required funds:

Organisation of three annual conferences on the results of the process of solving surplus SALW. Bosnia and Herzegovina 36 months 8,000 BAM

Programme 3.3: Capacity Building for SALW Storage and Safekeeping Project 3.3.1: Improvement of the Infrastructure of the Storage Sites for Prospective Ammunition and Explosive Ordnance of the Ministry of Defence of Bosnia and Herzegovina
Project aim: Lessen the risk of SALW proliferation and improve standards for the physical security and management of stockpiles through the improvement of the security infrastructure for weapons and ammunition storage sites. The Ministry of Defence of BiH. SALW storage sites need to be improved. In accordance with the OSCE Document on small arms and light weapons (2000) and the Document on conventional ammunition stockpiles (2003), Bosnia and Herzegovina committed itself to improve the management and security of its stockpiles. The project will result in an improved security infrastructure for prospective weapons and ammunition storage sites in BiH in accordance with best practice concerning small arms and light weapons and conventional ammunition. The objective of the project is also to adopt the prevailing standards for an improved storage sites infrastructure as part of the system of physical security and stockpile management. Expected results: Achieve a considerable reduction in the risks that a proliferation of weapons and ammunition would pose to the population of BiH, military personnel and the environment

End users: Project relevance:

Strategy for Small Arms and Light Weapons Control in BiH 2013-2016

Project description:

62

Expected results:

by improving conditions for the safe management of state stockpiles of small arms and light weapons and conventional ammunition. Support to the Ministry of Defence of BiH aimed at improving control over small arms and light weapons and conventional ammunition. Capacity building for managing small arms and light weapons and conventional ammunition belonging to the Ministry of Defence of BiH through an improvement of the appropriate standards for physical security and stockpile management.

Project implementation activities:

Purchase and installation of the following equipment at the weapons and ammunition storage sites in BiH: 1. Outer and inner fences; 2. Gates with security locks placed in high positions; 3. Protective obstacles for vehicles; 4. Burglary detection systems; 5. Exterior lighting; 6. Appropriate marking within the site and along the outside boundary line; 7. Other security elements as necessary, through consultation with the appropriate state bodies and donors.

Location: Project duration: Estimate of required funds:

Prospective weapons and ammunition storage sites of the Armed Forces of Bosnia and Herzegovina. 36 months 870,000 BAM

63

Strategy for Small Arms and Light Weapons Control in BiH 2013-2016

Project 3.3.2: Improvement of the Conditions for SALW Storage at the Prospective Storage Sites of the Armed Forces of Bosnia and Herzegovina
Project aim: End users: Project relevance: To improve the conditions of SALW storage at military storage sites. The Ministry of Defence of BiH. SALW storage sites need to be refurbished and the infrastructure improved. The conditions for the storage of SALW are not appropriate for the quantities of ammunition and weapons held by the Ministry of Defence of BiH. Improvement of storage conditions will reduce the risk of the uncontrolled explosion of unstable ammunition. In 2010 and 2011, the Ministry of Defence of BiH in cooperation with international organisations prepared three studies on the current conditions at ammunition and weapons storage sites. This project will improve storage conditions by means of construction works on the infrastructure of ammunition storage sites, the purchase and installation of equipment for regulating moisture, air temperature and other elements. The activities shall be carried out in accordance with the abovementioned studies into the conditions at ammunition and weapons storage sites. Expected results: Project implementing activities: Improved conditions of SALW storage at the two prospective ammunition storage sites and two weapons storage sites. 1. Construction works on the infrastructure of storage site facilities. 2. Purchase and installation of equipment for the improvement of storage conditions. Location: Project duration: Estimate of required funds: Bosnia and Herzegovina 28 months 1,500,000 BAM

Project description:

64

Strategy for Small Arms and Light Weapons Control in BiH 2013-2016

Project 3.3.3: Training Programme and Certification of Personnel for the Management of Ammunition and Explosive Ordnance
Project aim: End users: Project relevance: To train and certify Ministry of Defence personnel in managing SALW stockpiles. Ministry of Defence of BiH. SALW management requires well trained personnel and these personnel must be certified to carry out this activity. Currently, there is a need for additional training and certification of about 60 officers of the Ministry of Defence and Armed Forces of BiH. Implementation of training programmes covering SALW inspections, SALW storage, storage facility management, transportation, SALW destruction and other related topics for personnel of the Ministry of Defence and Armed Forces of BiH. The training, which will aim to educate and certify cadre in this field, will be conducted in cooperation with a certified institution from within the academic community or international organisations. The training will be conducted through three different training modules on the above topics. Training activities will be focused on both high level management within the Ministry of Defence and the Armed Forces and personnel at the operational and tactical level. The training will include both theoretical and practical programmes. At the end of the training there will be a test on the topics covered and certificates will be issued to those students who successfully pass. The training will attempt to include as many female personnel from the Ministry of Defence of BiH as possible in order to contribute to the balanced inclusion of female and male personnel in the training process. Expected results: Up to 60 employees of the Ministry of Defence and Armed Forces of BiH trained and certified for SALW stockpile management. 1. Identification of personnel that will attend the training. 2. Training of the Ministry of Defence and Armed Forces personnel in SALW stockpile management.

Project description:

Project implementing activities:

65

Strategy for Small Arms and Light Weapons Control in BiH 2013-2016

Project implementing activities: Location: Project duration: Estimate of funds required:

3. Testing and certification of the Ministry of Defence and Armed Forces personnel. Bosnia and Herzegovina 18 months 120,000 BAM

Programme 3.4: Upgrading of SALW Control Information Systems Project 3.4.1: Development and Introduction of a System for the Management of Stockpiles of Ammunition, Landmines and Explosive Items Stored at AFBiH Storages
Project aim: To install an electronic system for the management of stockpiles of ammunition, landmines and explosive items stored at AFBiH storages. Ministry of Defence of BiH. The Ministry of Defence does not have an electronic system for SALW management. The SALW quantities are recorded in several stock lists. This project will integrate computer centres and enable the digitalisation of data with the aim of improving SALW stockpile control. Software for electronic SALW stockpile management will be procured through this project. In this way, SALW stockpile data will be digitalised and SALW management done electronically. This will further improve control over SALW stockpile management and the accuracy of the SALW stock lists of the Ministry of Defence. The project will ensure that personnel of the Ministry of Defence are trained in using the software. Hardware required to use the software for the electronic management of SALW stockpiles will be procured. Expected results: System for the electronic management of stockpiles of ammunition, landmines and explosive items installed at the

End users: Project relevance:

Strategy for Small Arms and Light Weapons Control in BiH 2013-2016

Project description:

66

Expected results: Project implementation activities:

Ministry of Defence and control of SALW stockpiles upgraded. 1. Development of software for SALW stockpile management. 2. Installation of the software in organisational sections of the Ministry of Defence. 3. Training of personnel in the use of the software. 4. Hardware procurement.

Location: Project duration: Estimate of required funds:

Bosnia and Herzegovina 24 months 560,000 BAM

67

Strategy for Small Arms and Light Weapons Control in BiH 2013-2016

OBJECTIVE 4 INTERNATIONAL AND REGIONAL COOPERATION AND COOPERATION WITH CIVIL SOCIETY ORGANISATIONS
Programme 4.1: Multilateral and Bilateral Cooperation on SALW Control Project 4.1.1: Regional Conference on SALW Challenges
Project aim: End users: To hold a regional conference on SALW challenges. Ministry of Security of BiH, Ministry of Defence of BiH, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of BiH, Ministry of Civil Affairs of BiH, BiH Agency for Nuclear and Radiation Safety, Directorate for Coordination of Police Bodies of BiH, Ministry of Foreign Trade and Economic Relations of BiH, Indirect Taxation Authority, BiH Border Police, Ministry of Internal Affairs of the FBiH, Ministry of Internal Affairs of RS, BiH Brko District police, State Investigation and Protection Agency and the BiH Intelligence and Security Agency. Efficient control of SALW is possible only if regional cooperation mechanisms are put in place, because SALW issues stretch beyond the borders of a country. This project will encourage countries in the region to establish better cooperation in the field of SALW control and together to strongly resist this negative social phenomenon. The project will bring subject-matter experts from Bosnia and Herzegovina and countries in the region to a conference aimed at the improvement of regional cooperation and exchange of good practice in the area of SALW between the countries of the region. The conference will aim to reach concrete conclusions that can lead to improved regional cooperation and a systematised exchange of good practice in this field. Expected results: Good practice pertaining to SALW control will be exchanged with countries in the region. Regional cooperation in the field of SALW control will be improved.

Project relevance:

68

Strategy for Small Arms and Light Weapons Control in BiH 2013-2016

Project description:

Expected results:

1. Selection of conference participants. Selection of speakers, moderators and conference topics. 2. Organisation of the conference. 3. Drafting conclusions that contain specific tasks for the improvement of cooperation in the field of SALW control.

Location: Project duration: Estimate of required funds:

Bosnia and Herzegovina 3 months 15,000 BAM

Project 4.1.2: Strengthening Regional and International Cooperation


Project aim: To improve control over the import/export of weapons and military equipment by exchanging experiences, information and use of best practice as well as by keeping abreast of and taking part in initiatives at the regional and global level. Ministry of Foreign Trade and Economic Relations of BiH, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of BiH, BiH Border Police, BiH Indirect Taxation Authority, Directorate for Coordination of Police Agencies in BiH, non-governmental organisations and the media. In view of the fact that in some cases legally exported weapons end up on the illegal market there is a need for verification of end user certificates and to obtain a receipt for the goods delivery to the final destination as well as for screening of all those involved in the weapons trade. Therefore, it is necessary to establish a network of institutions that deal with these issues both within the region and globally. Improvement of regional and international cooperation will strengthen the capacities of institutions in BiH and make them more capable of providing an adequate response to the challenges inherent to the control of small arms and light weapons at the state and regional level. By adopting best practice and exchanging experiences and by taking part in initiatives pertaining to the issue of the control of weapons and military equipment at the regional

End users:

Project relevance:

69

Strategy for Small Arms and Light Weapons Control in BiH 2013-2016

Project relevance:

and global level Bosnia and Herzegovina will improve its own standards in this field. Through the exchange of experiences BiH will also be able to offer its knowledge and experience to other countries. Affirm the results achieved and advocate for support in implementation of the projects contained in this Strategy by taking part in international and regional conferences. Organise international conferences in Bosnia and Herzegovina covering the topic of small arms and light weapons control.

Project description:

Expected results:

Improved level of cooperation and exchange of information and affirmation of Bosnia and Herzegovinas position both regionally and internationally as a result of its active participation. 1. Organisation and participation in international conferences, seminars, symposia and other types of cooperation in the field of small arms and light weapons control. 2. Regular communication and cooperation with regional organisations (SEESAC and RACVIAC) regarding the issue of small arms and light weapons control.

Project implementation activities:

Location: Project duration:


Strategy for Small Arms and Light Weapons Control in BiH 2013-2016

Bosnia and Herzegovina 36 months 30,000 BAM

Estimate of required funds:

70

Programme 4.2: Cooperation with Civil Society Organisations Project 4.2.1: Strengthening of Capacities of Non-governmental Organisations in the field of SALW
Project aim: To have active and capacitated non-governmental organisations working in the field of small arms and light weapons control. Non-governmental organisations. At present the number of non-governmental organisations that deal with issues related to SALW is limited. Institutions in BiH should have credible partners from within the non-governmental sector working in this field. The nongovernmental sector should be strengthened to be better able to advocate certain policies. Therefore, it is necessary to strengthen the capacity of the non-governmental sector so that it can take a more active role in the field of SALW control. The project will make the non-governmental sector stronger by means of the active participation of NGOs in the work of the SALW Control Coordination Board. There will also be programmes to present the Strategy with the aim of encouraging the non-governmental sector to become more actively involved in this field. The project will present a Guide to Advocacy of SALW Policy. The guide will be made available to the non-governmental sector for its use and will contain all the tools required for the active inclusion of organisations interested in this field. The guide will be presented through various training activities and at Coordination Board meetings. In addition, the project will aim to establish a network of trainers in specific fields pertaining to small arms and light weapons control in order to strengthen the human capacities of the non-governmental sector. Expected results: Improved capacities of the non-governmental sector in the field of SALW control. Larger number of non-governmental organisations involved in SALW control.

End users: Project relevance:

Project description:

71

Strategy for Small Arms and Light Weapons Control in BiH 2013-2016

Project implementation activities:

1. Presentation of the Small Arms and Light Weapons Strategy to the non-governmental sector. 2. Development and presentation of the Guide to Advocacy of Policy on small arms and light weapons control in Bosnia and Herzegovina. 3. Formation of a network of trainers in specific fields pertaining to small arms and light weapons control. 4. Education of non-governmental organisations in small arms and light weapons issues.

Location: Project duration: Estimate of required funds:

Bosnia and Herzegovina 36 months 90,000 BAM

Project 4.2.2: Mapping and Identification of SALW Victims in Selected Municipalities


Project aim: End users: Project relevance: To develop a database of SALW victims and their needs in selected municipalities in BiH (pilot project). Selected municipalities in Bosnia and Herzegovina, SALW victims and the non-governmental sector in BiH. Incidents resulting from the use of SALW occur regularly in Bosnia and Herzegovina and the number of victims is getting higher every day. SALW victims are a socially marginalised group. The number of victims as well as their needs is unknown. This pilot project will estimate the number of SALW victims in the selected municipalities in Bosnia and Herzegovina. The municipalities will be selected based on pre-determined criteria. Data on the victims will be obtained by going directly to the competent institutions.

Strategy for Small Arms and Light Weapons Control in BiH 2013-2016

Project description:

72

Project description:

Within the project, a standardised form for the collection of basic information on victims as well as their basic needs will be developed. The form will be used by workers gathering information in the field. These field workers will have received training on information gathering. Based on the results of the field work and information gathered in this way, a report describing a precise methodology for the identification of SALW victims and their needs will be developed. While developing the methodology different needs of female and male victims will be taken into account and an equal approach to and treatment of females and males will be ensured.

Expected results:

SALW victims in selected municipalities will be identified. Using statistical data on victims attention will be drawn to the problem of the presence of large quantities of SALW in BiH.

Project implementation activities:

1. Development of a standardised form for gathering data on SALW victims. 2. Training of field workers in gathering information on SALW victims. 3. Gathering field data and recording and analysing the data in a database. 4. Development of a report along with a methodology for the identification of SALW victims and methods for data gathering.

Location: Project duration: Estimate of required funds:

Selected municipalities in Bosnia and Herzegovina 12 months 120,000 BAM

73

Strategy for Small Arms and Light Weapons Control in BiH 2013-2016

INSTITUTIONS AND ORGANISATIONS THAT CONTRIBUTED TO THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE SMALL ARMS AND LIGHT WEAPONS CONTROL STRATEGY
STATE, ENTITY AND BRKO DISTRICT INSTITUTIONS

Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Bosnia and Herzegovina Ministry of Foreign Trade and Economic Relations of Bosnia and Herzegovina Ministry of Defence of Bosnia and Herzegovina Ministry of Security of Bosnia and Herzegovina Directorate for Coordination of Police Bodies in Bosnia and Herzegovina State Investigation and Protection Agency (SIPA) Border Police of Bosnia and Herzegovina Ministry of Internal Affairs of Republika Srpska Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina Police of Brko District of Bosnia and Herzegovina Indirect Taxation Authority BH Mine Action Centre (BHMAC) Red Cross Society of Bosnia and Herzegovina
Strategy for Small Arms and Light Weapons Control in BiH 2013-2016

NON-GOVERNMENTAL ORGANISATIONS

Centre for Security Studies, Sarajevo Human Security Centre, Banja Luka RS Amputee Association (UDAS), Banja Luka LMAS, Tuzla
INTERNATIONAL ORGANISATIONS

United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) Organisation for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE) International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) European Union military mission (EUFOR)

74