You are on page 1of 3

Essay An essay is a piece of writing which is often written from an author's personal point of view.

Essays can consist of a number of elements, including: literary criticism, political manifestos, learned arguments, observations of daily life, recollections, and reflections of the author. The definition of an essay is vague, overlapping with those of an article and a short story. Almost all modern essays are written in prose, but works in verse have been dubbed essays (e.g. Alexander Pope's An Essay on Criticism and An Essay on Man). While brevity usually defines an essay, voluminous works like John Locke's An Essay Concerning Human Understanding and Thomas Malthus's An Essay on the Principle of Population are counterexamples. In some countries (e.g., the United States and Canada), essays have become a major part of formal education. Secondary students are taught structured essay formats to improve their writing skills, and admission essays are often used by universities in selecting applicants and, in the humanities and social sciences, as a way of assessing the performance of students during final exams. The concept of an "essay" has been extended to other mediums beyond writing. A film essay is a movie that often incorporates documentary film making styles and which focuses more on the evolution of a theme or an idea. A photographic essay is an attempt to cover a topic with a linked series of photographs; it may or may not have an accompanying text or captions. Kinds of Essays Definition Essay When you are writing a definition essay, you take a term or an idea and write about what it is. Often, definitions are combined with classification or other forms of organization in the essay. You need to give a careful definition of the key term before going on to discuss different types or examples. Classification Essay In a classification essay, you separate things or ideas into specific categories and discuss each of them. You organize the essay by defining each classification and by giving examples of each type. Description Essay In a description essay, you write about what a person, place, or thing is like. You organize the essay by describing different parts or aspects of the main subject. Compare and Contrast In a compare and contrast essay, you write about the similarities and differences between two or more people, places, or things. You can organize the essay by writing about one subject first and then comparing it with the second subject. A more effective way is to organize the essay by comparing each subject by category. Sequence Essay In a sequence essay, you are writing to describe a series of events or a process in some sort of order. Usually, this order is based on time. You organize the essay by writing about each step of the process in the order it occurred. Choice Essay In a choice essay, you need to choose which object, idea, or action that you prefer. You organize the essay by describing each option and then giving your opinion. Explanation Essay In an explanation essay, you explain how or why something happens or has happened. You need to explain different causes and effects. You should organize the essay by explaining each individual cause or effect.

Evaluation Essay In an evaluation essay, you make judgments about people, ideas, and possible actions. You make your evaluation based on certain criteria that you develop. Organize the essay by discussing the criteria you used to make your judgment. Types of Essays: End the Confusion Four Major Types of Essays Distinguishing between types of essays is simply a matter of determining the writers goal. Does the writer want to tell about a personal experience, describe something, explain an issue, or convince the reader to accept a certain viewpoint? The four major types of essays address these purposes: 1. Narrative Essays: Telling a Story In a narrative essay, the writer tells a story about a real-life experience. While telling a story may sound easy to do, the narrative essay challenges students to think and write about themselves. When writing a narrative essay, writers should try to involve the reader by making the story as vivid as possible. The fact that narrative essays are usually written in the first person helps engage the reader. I sentences give readers a feeling of being part of the story. A well-crafted narrative essay will also build towards drawing a conclusion or making a personal statement. 2. Descriptive Essays: Painting a Picture A cousin of the narrative essay, a descriptive essay paints a picture with words. A writer might describe a person, place, object, or even memory of special significance. However, this type of essay is not description for descriptions sake. The descriptive essay strives to communicate a deeper meaning through the description. In a descriptive essay, the writer should show, not tell, through the use of colorful words and sensory details. The best descriptive essays appeal to the readers emotions, with a result that is highly evocative. 3. Expository Essays: Just the Facts The expository essay is an informative piece of writing that presents a balanced analysis of a topic. In an expository essay, the writer explains or defines a topic, using facts, statistics, and examples. Expository writing encompasses a wide range of essay variations, such as the comparison and contrast essay, the cause and effect essay, and the how to or process essay. Because expository essays are based on facts and not personal feelings, writers dont reveal their emotions or write in the first person. 4. Persuasive Essays: Convince Me While like an expository essay in its presentation of facts, the goal of the persuasive essay is to convince the reader to accept the writers point of view or recommendation. The writer must build a case using facts and logic, as well as examples, expert opinion, and sound reasoning. The writer should present all sides of the argument, but must be able to communicate clearly and without equivocation why a certain position is correct.

Parts of an Essay The Introduction The introduction opens the essay. It is a short paragraph usually about THREE sentences. In an argument essay, it usually describes or summarizes both sides of the present situation and says what you are going to do in your essay. Read more about Introductions here. The Body The Body is the main part of the essay. In an argument essay, it is divided into two or three

paragraphs, giving your opinion and reasons. Each paragraph in the body is between FIVE and SEVEN sentences long. Read more about the Body of the essay here. Conclusion The Conclusion is the end of the essay. It is a short paragraph about THREE sentences. It often has the same idea as the Introduction, only in different words.

Filipino Words 1.Aside - mga salitang binibigkas nang mahina na ang nakaririnig lamang ay isang tao o isang grupo at hindi naririnig ng mga kasamahan 2. Monologo - madamdaming pananalita na sinasabi ng isang aktor nang nag-iisa at walang ibang tao sa tanghalan 3. Soliloquy - ang aktor ay nagpapahayag ng kanyang iniisip sa mga manonood at hindi naririnig ng iba pang tauhan; nagsasalita ang aktor sa kanyang sarili at sinasabi niya ito nang malakas 1.Aside - mga salitang binibigkas nang mahina na ang nakaririnig lamang ay isang tao o isang grupo at hindi naririnig ng mga kasamahan 2. Monologo - madamdaming pananalita na sinasabi ng isang aktor nang nag-iisa at walang ibang tao sa tanghalan 3. Soliloquy - ang aktor ay nagpapahayag ng kanyang iniisip sa mga manonood at hindi naririnig ng iba pang tauhan; nagsasalita ang aktor sa kanyang sarili at sinasabi niya ito nang malakas