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# Work flow in the COMSOL Multiphysics

After completion of modelling the geometries of the heat sinks, a quantitative study is carried out; and it follows as: Material describing Boundary conditions defining Meshing Solving and Post processing.

Material describing: For both the heat sinks, the working conditions and material properties and domain properties are similar. And they are as follows:

Material parameters
Name Dynamic viscosity Ratio of specific heats Heat capacity at constant pressure Density Thermal conductivity Value eta(T[1/K])[Pa*s] 1.4 Cp(T[1/K])[J/(kg*K)] rho(pA[1/Pa], T[1/K])[kg/m^3] k(T[1/K])[W/(m*K)] Unit Pa*s 1 J/(kg*K) kg/m^3 W/(m*K)

## Aluminium 3003-H18 (for Heat sinks)

Name Heat capacity at constant pressure Density Thermal conductivity Value 893[J/(kg*K)] 2730[kg/m^3] 155[W/(m*K)] Unit J/(kg*K) kg/m^3 W/(m*K)

## Youngs modulus and Poissons ratio settings

Description Young's modulus Poisson's ratio 69e9[Pa] 0.33 Value

## Heat Transfer in Solids 1

SELECTION
Geometric entity level Selection Domain Domains 211

Equations

## PROPERTIES FROM MATERIAL

Property Thermal conductivity Density Material Property group

## Boundary Conditions Defining Thermal Insulation 1

Thermal Insulation 1

SELECTION
Geometric entity level Selection Boundary Boundaries 25, 8

Equations

Wall 1

Wall 1

SELECTION
Geometric entity level Selection Boundary Boundaries 27, 912, 1416, 1820, 2236, 3840, 4244, 4660, 6264, 6668, 7083

Equations

Initial Values 1

Initial Values 1

SELECTION
Geometric entity level Domain Selection Domains 111

Fluid 1

Fluid 1

SELECTION
Geometric entity level Selection Domain Domain 1

Equations

## PROPERTIES FROM MATERIAL Property

Density Dynamic viscosity Thermal conductivity

Material
Air Air Air

Property group
Basic Basic Basic

Air

Basic

## Ratio of specific heats

Air

Basic

Heat Source 1

Heat Source 1

SELECTION
Geometric entity level Domain Selection Domain 2

Equations

SETTINGS
Description Heat source Total power Value Total power 1

Inlet 1

Inlet 1

SELECTION
Geometric entity level Selection Boundary Boundary 84

Equations

SETTINGS Description Boundary condition Average velocity Value Laminar inflow 5[cm/s]

Outlet 1

Outlet 1

SELECTION
Geometric entity level Boundary Selection Boundary 1

Equations

Temperature 1

Temperature 1

SELECTION
Geometric entity level Boundary Selection Boundary 84

Equations

SETTINGS
Description Temperature Value 20[degC]

Outflow 1

Outflow 1

SELECTION
Geometric entity level Boundary Selection Boundary 1

Equations

MESH 1

Mesh 1

## Size (Size) SETTINGS

Name Maximum element size Minimum element size Resolution of curvature Resolution of narrow regions Maximum element growth rate SOLVER CONFIGURATIONS Compile Equations: Stationary (St1) STUDY AND STEP Name Use study
Use study step

Value Study 1
Stationary

## Dependent Variables 1 (V1) GENERAL Name Value

Defined by study step Stationary INITIAL VALUES OF VARIABLES SOLVED FOR Name Solution Value Zero

VALUES OF VARIABLES NOT SOLVED FOR Name Solution Mod1.u (Mod1_u) GENERAL Name Value Value Zero

Field components {mod1.u, mod1.v, mod1.w} Mod1.T (Mod1_T) GENERAL Name Value

## State components mod1.nitf.Pinlinl1 Stationary Solver 1 (S1) GENERAL Name Value

Defined by study step Stationary Fully Coupled 1 (Fc1) GENERAL Name Value

## Linear solver Iterative 1 METHOD AND TERMINATION Name Value

Nonlinear method Constant (Newton) Damping factor Iterative 1 (I1) ERROR Name Factor in error estimate Value 20 0.8

## Number of iterations 1 Variables SECONDARY Name Value mod1.nitf.Pinlinl1

Relaxation factor 0.6 Postsmoother (Po) Vanka 1 (Va1) MAIN Name Value

## Number of secondary iterations 2 Relaxation factor 0.7

Coarse Solver (Cs) Direct 1 (D1) GENERAL Name Value Solver PARDISO

Results
DATA SETS Solution 1 SELECTION Geometric entity level Domain Selection SOLUTION Name Solution Model Surface 1 SELECTION Geometric entity Boundary level Selection Boundaries 27, 912, 1416, 1820, 2236, 3840, 4244, 4660, 6264, 6668, 7083 Value Solver 1 Save Point Geometry 1 Geometry geom1

## SQUARE FIN ANALYSIS

Definitions

Coordinate Systems
Boundary System 1
Coordinate system type Identifier Boundary system sys1

Geometry 1

Geometry 1

Materials Air

## Air Selection Geometric entity level Domain Selection Domain 1

Aluminum 3003-H18

Aluminum 3003-H18

Selection
Geometric entity level Selection Domain Domains 211

## Conjugate Heat Transfer

Features
Heat Transfer in Solids 1 Thermal Insulation 1 Wall 1 Initial Values 1 Fluid 1 Heat Source 1 Inlet 1 Temperature 1 Outlet 1 Outflow 1

Mesh 1

Mesh 1 STUDY

Stationary
Mesh selection
Geometry Mesh Geometry 1 (geom1) mesh1

Physics selection
Physics Discretization Conjugate Heat Transfer (nitf) physics

RESULTS

Data Sets

Solution 1
Selection
Geometric entity level Domain Selection Geometry geom1

Solution
Name Value Solution Solver 1 Model Save Point Geometry 1

Surface 1
Selection
Geometric entity level Selection Boundary Boundaries 27, 912, 1417, 1922, 2430, 3235, 3740, 4248, 5053, 5558, 6065

Data
Name Value Data set Solution 1