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Work flow in the COMSOL Multiphysics

After completion of modelling the geometries of the heat sinks, a quantitative study is carried out; and it follows as: Material describing Boundary conditions defining Meshing Solving and Post processing.

Material describing: For both the heat sinks, the working conditions and material properties and domain properties are similar. And they are as follows:

Material parameters
Name Dynamic viscosity Ratio of specific heats Heat capacity at constant pressure Density Thermal conductivity Value eta(T[1/K])[Pa*s] 1.4 Cp(T[1/K])[J/(kg*K)] rho(pA[1/Pa], T[1/K])[kg/m^3] k(T[1/K])[W/(m*K)] Unit Pa*s 1 J/(kg*K) kg/m^3 W/(m*K)

Aluminium 3003-H18 (for Heat sinks)


Name Heat capacity at constant pressure Density Thermal conductivity Value 893[J/(kg*K)] 2730[kg/m^3] 155[W/(m*K)] Unit J/(kg*K) kg/m^3 W/(m*K)

Aluminium 3003-H18 heat sink (hexagonal fins)

Youngs modulus and Poissons ratio settings


Description Young's modulus Poisson's ratio 69e9[Pa] 0.33 Value

Heat Transfer in Solids 1

Heat Transfer in Solids 1

SELECTION
Geometric entity level Selection Domain Domains 211

Equations

PROPERTIES FROM MATERIAL


Property Thermal conductivity Density Material Property group

Aluminum 3003 - H18 Basic Aluminum 3003 - H18 Basic

Heat capacity at constant pressure Aluminum 3003 - H18 Basic

Boundary Conditions Defining Thermal Insulation 1

Thermal Insulation 1

SELECTION
Geometric entity level Selection Boundary Boundaries 25, 8

Equations

Wall 1

Wall 1

SELECTION
Geometric entity level Selection Boundary Boundaries 27, 912, 1416, 1820, 2236, 3840, 4244, 4660, 6264, 6668, 7083

Equations

Initial Values 1

Initial Values 1

SELECTION
Geometric entity level Domain Selection Domains 111

Fluid 1

Fluid 1

SELECTION
Geometric entity level Selection Domain Domain 1

Equations

PROPERTIES FROM MATERIAL Property


Density Dynamic viscosity Thermal conductivity

Material
Air Air Air

Property group
Basic Basic Basic

Heat capacity at constant pressure

Air

Basic

Ratio of specific heats

Air

Basic

Heat Source 1

Heat Source 1

SELECTION
Geometric entity level Domain Selection Domain 2

Equations

SETTINGS
Description Heat source Total power Value Total power 1

Inlet 1

Inlet 1

SELECTION
Geometric entity level Selection Boundary Boundary 84

Equations

SETTINGS Description Boundary condition Average velocity Value Laminar inflow 5[cm/s]

Outlet 1

Outlet 1

SELECTION
Geometric entity level Boundary Selection Boundary 1

Equations

Temperature 1

Temperature 1

SELECTION
Geometric entity level Boundary Selection Boundary 84

Equations

SETTINGS
Description Temperature Value 20[degC]

Outflow 1

Outflow 1

SELECTION
Geometric entity level Boundary Selection Boundary 1

Equations

MESH 1

Mesh 1

Size (Size) SETTINGS


Name Maximum element size Minimum element size Resolution of curvature Resolution of narrow regions Maximum element growth rate SOLVER CONFIGURATIONS Compile Equations: Stationary (St1) STUDY AND STEP Name Use study
Use study step

Value 0.0080 0.00144 0.6 0.5 1.5

Value Study 1
Stationary

Dependent Variables 1 (V1) GENERAL Name Value

Defined by study step Stationary INITIAL VALUES OF VARIABLES SOLVED FOR Name Solution Value Zero

VALUES OF VARIABLES NOT SOLVED FOR Name Solution Mod1.u (Mod1_u) GENERAL Name Value Value Zero

Field components {mod1.u, mod1.v, mod1.w} Mod1.T (Mod1_T) GENERAL Name Value

Field components mod1.T Mod1.p (Mod1_p) GENERAL Name Value

Field components mod1.p

Mod1.nitf.Pinlinl1 (Mod1_nitf_Pinlinl1) GENERAL Name Value

State components mod1.nitf.Pinlinl1 Stationary Solver 1 (S1) GENERAL Name Value

Defined by study step Stationary Fully Coupled 1 (Fc1) GENERAL Name Value

Linear solver Iterative 1 METHOD AND TERMINATION Name Value

Nonlinear method Constant (Newton) Damping factor Iterative 1 (I1) ERROR Name Factor in error estimate Value 20 0.8

Maximum number of iterations 200 Nonlinear based error norm On

Multigrid 1 (Mg1) Presmoother (Pr) Vanka 1 (Va1) MAIN Name Value

Number of iterations 1 Variables SECONDARY Name Value mod1.nitf.Pinlinl1

Relaxation factor 0.6 Postsmoother (Po) Vanka 1 (Va1) MAIN Name Value

Number of iterations 1 Variables SECONDARY Name Value mod1.nitf.Pinlinl1

Number of secondary iterations 2 Relaxation factor 0.7

Coarse Solver (Cs) Direct 1 (D1) GENERAL Name Value Solver PARDISO

Results
DATA SETS Solution 1 SELECTION Geometric entity level Domain Selection SOLUTION Name Solution Model Surface 1 SELECTION Geometric entity Boundary level Selection Boundaries 27, 912, 1416, 1820, 2236, 3840, 4244, 4660, 6264, 6668, 7083 Value Solver 1 Save Point Geometry 1 Geometry geom1

SQUARE FIN ANALYSIS


Definitions

Coordinate Systems
Boundary System 1
Coordinate system type Identifier Boundary system sys1

Geometry 1

Geometry 1

units Length unit Angular unit m Deg

Materials Air

Air Selection Geometric entity level Domain Selection Domain 1

Aluminum 3003-H18

Aluminum 3003-H18

Selection
Geometric entity level Selection Domain Domains 211

Conjugate Heat Transfer (nitf)

Conjugate Heat Transfer

Features
Heat Transfer in Solids 1 Thermal Insulation 1 Wall 1 Initial Values 1 Fluid 1 Heat Source 1 Inlet 1 Temperature 1 Outlet 1 Outflow 1

Mesh 1

Mesh 1 STUDY

Stationary
Mesh selection
Geometry Mesh Geometry 1 (geom1) mesh1

Physics selection
Physics Discretization Conjugate Heat Transfer (nitf) physics

RESULTS

Data Sets

Solution 1
Selection
Geometric entity level Domain Selection Geometry geom1

Solution
Name Value Solution Solver 1 Model Save Point Geometry 1

Surface 1
Selection
Geometric entity level Selection Boundary Boundaries 27, 912, 1417, 1922, 2430, 3235, 3740, 4248, 5053, 5558, 6065

Data
Name Value Data set Solution 1