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Note 1: Click CTRL+j on your keyboard before using this spreadsheet in EXCEL97.

Note 2: Due to different monitor, EXCEL, and fonts capabilities on different computers, the text on some of the sheets may be truncated. It may be necessary to unprotect the sheet and resize some of the columns. Note 3: This spreadsheet needs to be copied to the hard drive to be used. It cannot be run off a floppy drive. Note 4: Figures accompanying the text are scanned into the spreadsheet. For clarity of these figures it may be useful to print these pages and use the printed figures.

I.

Input Sheet - General Information
l The general information section requests information about the agency. This information is not required for the analysis, but the information entered here may be displayed on the "Results" sheet.

II.

Input Sheet - Design Information
l l All design inputs are required except sensitivity analysis. No default values are used. Information can be retrieved from the "Saved Data" sheet using the "Retrieve Data" button. The existing data can be replaced or saved as a new set using the "Save Data" button. Clicking on the "Retrieve Data" button opens the "Saved Data" sheet. Select the appropriate row to be retrieved and click on the "Export" button. If the retrieval is successful, the data are retreived. Changes can be made and saved as a new data set using a different value for the search ID. The data can also be overwritten using the same search ID. The search value can be text, numbers, or a combination of the two that uniquely identifies the data (example: Project Numbers). This feature can also be used to save a default set of values. Using the "Clear All" ID to retrieve the "Clear All" data set clears all the data in the spreadsheet. Design information such as initial and terminal serviceability, concrete properties, base properties, and reliability and standard deviation can be input in the appropriate cells. Table 14 provides help for estimating base property values. Climatic properties such as wind, temperature, and precipitation, which are required for positive temperature differential calculation, can be estimated using the table of climatic properties for major cities provided in table 15. A pavement type can be selected by clicking the option buttons provided. For JPCP and JRCP, the joint spacing needs to be entered in ft in the space provided. This automatically calculates the effective joint spacing to be used in design. Edge support can also be selected using the option buttons provided. This automatically calculates the edge support factor to be used in design. A first run MUST be performed using design inputs for all variables and using an estimated effective subgrade k-value. This determines an approximate slab thickness for the inputs provided. The user can then navigate to the seasonal k-value calculation sheet (and, if necessary, the "Fill/Rigid Layer" sheet) to calculate the k-value adjusted for the effects of season and presence of fill section or rigid layer beneath the pavement. (The approximate slab thickness obtained from the first run is used in calculating the damage during different seasons of the year.) Approximately 3 to 4 iterations will be required (i.e., after a first run with a trial k-value, a trial thickness is obtained). The "Calculate seasonal k-value" button can then be used to calculate a seasonally adjusted k-value. This is exported back to the "Input Form" sheet. The slab thickness is calculated again using the new k-value. This changes the seasonal adjusted k-value and the procedure need to be repeated again. This is done till the change in thickness does not change the seasonally adjusted k-value. Detailed information on k-value is provided in the "k-Value Information" Sheet.

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A traffic calculation should be performed before the first run. This will result in a more appropriate slab thickness for the seasonal k-value computation. After all the design information has been entered, clicking on the "Calculate" button displays the design thickness at the bottom of the Input Form. The above calculation is performed in the "Calculation Sheet" sheet. The "Calculation Sheet" also provides the design traffic for slab thicknesses varying from 7 in to 15 inches, in increments of 0.5 in. The next row is not locked, to enable the user to change any variable and observe its effects on the design traffic. The last row is locked and represents the thickness for the traffic and other inputs provided by the user in the Input Form. Sensitivity analysis can also be performed from the Input Form. A desired thickness can be input, or the calculated thickness for the input design variable can be imported. The sensitivity analysis produces a graph on a sheet labeled "Sensitivity (Other)." The sensitivity for thickness vs. traffic is created automatically on the "Sensitivity (Thickness)" sheet. The actual data for the sensitivity analysis is contained in a sheet called "Sensitivity Sheet;" this sheet is hidden. The Input Form also contains a link to the "Faulting Check" sheet for JRCP and JPCP. For CRCP, the "Faulting Check" sheet and the "Corner Break Check" sheet remain hidden. Red dots or flags at the top right corners of cells indicate that a note is attached to that cell. This note can be read by moving the mouse over that cell. NOTE: This spreadsheet was created in Excel95. Due to compatibility problems with Excel97, the larger notes are partially cut off (because Excel97 displays notes with fixed sizes as default). To see the entire note, a macro is written in this spreadsheet to change the size of notes that are bigger than the comment box (The notes in Excel97 are now called comments). However, the user must run this macro by pressing "ctrl+j" each time the spreadsheet is opened in Excel97. This command does not affect spreadsheets in Excel95. Certain cells are locked to prevent accidental erasure. Cells can only be locked when the sheet is also protected, so some sheets are protected. To unprotect a sheet, go to Tools on the menu, select Protection and select Unprotect Sheet. This creates the potential for accidental erasure, so it is useful to keep the sheet protected. To reprotect the sheet, select Tools, Protection, Protect Sheet and select OK without entering a password. The workbook should not be protected because some of the Excel basic programs (macros) need the workbook to be unprotected to be executed. For the same reason, the "Sensitivity Sheet" (which is hidden) and the "Saved Data" sheet should not be protected. Hidden sheets can be viewed by using Format, Sheet, Unhide, or Edit, Sheet, Unhide from the menu.

III.

Faulting Check Sheet
l For jointed pavements, the Input Form links to the "Faulting Check" sheet. All cells need to be input in this sheet. The cells that do not need to be input are hidden using the outlining ("+") at the left of the sheet. To observe the values at this location, the sheet has to be unprotected and the "+" clicked. Each time a cell value is changed, the "Calculate" button needs to be clicked to calculate faulting, which is displayed at the bottom of the sheet. This is then compared with the criteria set at the bottom of the sheet to "PASS" or "FAIL" the design. The criteria can be changed by changing the values in the criteria table. The doweled and nondoweled sheets are designed independent of each other to provide the user control over the individual design. For example, the user may decide to provide edgedrains for the nondoweled design, which will change the drainage coefficient, C d. While making a one-on-one comparison between the faulting check for the doweled and nondoweled designs, the user needs to ensure that all values are comparable. Corner break checks need to be performed only for nondoweled pavements. This sheet Page 2

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can be accessed by clicking on the "Corner Break Check" button.

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6 NA 34 5.000 (500 + CS) * 1000 300. psi Low.5 0.8 > 36 3.4 0.0 3.0 1.000 .0 1.000 . Page 4 .000 .000 (500 + CS) * 1000 (500 + CS) * 1000 Peak Friction Coefficient low mean high 0.0 5. Modulus of elasticity and coefficient of friction for various base types. mean.45.5 4.70.7 1.600. and high measured peak coefficients of friction summarized from various references are shown above.0 8.8 1.000 15.3 63 10 CS = compressive strength.40.5 3.0 2.000 NA 20.000 .7 0.5 0.000 10. Base Type or Interface Treatment Fine-grained soil Sand Aggregate Polyethylene sheeting Lime-stabilized clay Cement-treated gravel Asphalt-treated gravel Lean concrete without curing compound Lean concrete with single or double wax curing compound Notes: Modulus of Elasticity (psi) 3.25.3 0.000 .Table 14.5 2.

depth of ditches. Dry climate = Precipitation £ 25 in/year (635 mm/year). Select midpoint of range and use other drainage features (adequacy of cross slopes.00-1.95-1.10 1.00-1. 2.90 0. Level Nonpermeable Base No Wet Dry Yes Wet Dry Notes: 1.10 0. etc.15 Fine subgrade = A-1 through A-3 classes. Wet climate = Precipitation > 25 in/year (635 mm/year).95-1.15 1. 4.90-1.85-0. Coarse subgrade = A-4 through A-8 classes.15-1.95 0.10 1.10 1. bathtub design.90-1.05-1.00 1.15 1.95 0.70-0.15 0.) to adjust upward or downward.75-0.95 0. 3.75-0.90-1. Coarse-Grained Subgrade Permeable Base 0.10-1.10-1. Permeable Base = k = 1000 ft/day (305 m/day) or uniformity coefficient (Cu) £ 6. relative drainability of base course.90-1.20 0.20 Permeable Base 0. presence of daylighting. Page 5 .20 Nonpermeable Base 0.Fine-Grained Subgrade Edge Drains Precip.

7 52.2 64.8 45.5 10.6 55.4 67. mph Mean Annual Wind Speed.3 9.3 6.9 11.0 8.9 MICHIGAN 10.2 72.2 MAINE Caribou 38.3 52.2 64.0 El Paso 63.6 61.3 45.8 64.7 16.7 16.8 56.3 7.3 Lubbock 59.8 Duluth 38.8 37.4 6.6 11.1 6.3 51.1 9.0 7.7 12.4 52.5 San Antonio 68.7 29.7 Page 6 Mean Annual Precipitation.6 49.5 54.4 Galveston 69.3 Shreveport 65.0 Salem 52.7 15.6 62.2 12.4 39.2 10. Mean Annual Wind Speed.8 Columbia 63.8 43.8 Grand Rapids 47.2 15.4 52.6 60.9 48.9 4. in Mean Annual Precipitation.4 29.8 47.9 7.7 59.2 6.5 19.5 8.1 9.0 Philadelphia 54.8 53.1 NEBRASKA 9.8 13.9 Midland 63.7 8.8 10.7 8.8 8.8 40.6 58.9 65.4 Baltimore 55.9 32.1 41.8 41.0 PENNSYLVANIA Harrisburg 53.2 31.3 OREGON Medford 53.5 8.8 57.3 SOUTH DAKOTA Huron 44.1 17.0 13.0 61.4 10.3 51.2 63.8 36.6 46.6 6.4 39.7 43.9 8.9 Memphis 61.3 MISSOURI Kansas City 56.5 35.6 Houston 68.9 7.8 19.6 43.1 25.0 7.8 Nashville 59.5 LOUISIANA 10.S.9 Louisville 56.2 15.5 62.5 10.7 NEW YORK 28.7 9.6 40.9 6. cities. °F Mean Annual Temperature.1 Dallas 66.1 Worcester 46.4 36.4 10.2 Minneapolis 44.2 29. °F Mean Annual Temperature.5 10.0 11.2 Topeka 54.8 Mean Annual Temperature.1 8.0 10.4 NEW JERSEY Atlantic City 53.5 11.7 43.2 MISSISSIPPI Jackson 64.6 NEVADA 6.1 VIRGINIA 30.5 41.7 48.8 17.2 7.7 KENTUCKY Lexington 54.8 35.9 Portland 45.4 9. in Location ALABAMA Birmingham Mobile Montgomery ALASKA Anchorage Fairbanks King Salmon ARIZONA Flagstaff Phoenix Tucson ARKANSAS Little Rock CALIFORNIA Bakersfield Fresno Los Angeles Sacramento San Diego San Francisco Santa Barbara COLORADO Colorado Springs Denver CONNECTICUT Hartford DC Washington DELAWARE Wilmington FLORIDA Jacksonville Miami Orlando Tallahassee Tampa West Palm Beach GEORGIA Atlanta Augusta Macon Location Location 62.7 8.3 49.0 29.0 Wichita 56.6 9.4 71.9 Tulsa 60.1 9.4 Knoxville 58.1 9.5 Reno 49.4 15.7 26.5 Detroit 48. in .0 MARYLAND 6.7 6.5 UTAH Salt Lake City 51.0 OKLAHOMA Oklahoma City 59.1 49.4 8.6 63.5 7.2 6. precipitation.7 Waco 67.5 9.6 4.1 7.3 33.7 10.7 VERMONT Burlington 44.7 TENNESSEE Chattanooga 59.2 8.1 NEW MEXICO 6.1 9.1 9.6 12. mph Mean Annual Wind Speed.9 7.9 KANSAS 7.1 10.2 MONTANA Great Falls 44.7 11.6 9.3 19.4 11.2 44.1 Flint 46.2 68.9 38.Table 15.8 Baton Rouge 67.5 Albuquerque 56. Mean annual temperature.8 12. mph 12.6 43.0 59.3 7.5 12.2 10.6 Portland 53.1 45. °F Mean Annual Precipitation.2 67.7 Rapid City 46.0 26.4 4.0 41.6 49.6 Corpus Christi 72.6 8.1 12.6 47.0 68.3 8.1 18.6 8.2 5.8 9.3 44.6 47.2 TEXAS Amarillo 57. and wind speed for selected U.2 34.3 25.5 Lake Charles 68.3 SOUTH CAROLINA Charleston 64.4 Las Vegas 66.6 9.6 7.0 75.7 9.1 11.4 12.5 67.2 5.5 Boston 51.2 10.0 7.1 MINNESOTA 8.4 40.2 7.6 72.8 7.9 50.1 New Orleans 68.1 10.3 20.2 8.8 57.1 44.2 29.2 15.3 11.2 Omaha 49.0 74.6 9.6 48.0 Wichita Falls 63.4 19.4 30.4 MASSACHUSETTS 7.2 Brownsville 73.8 6.6 11.3 RHODE ISLAND Providence 50.3 Pittsburgh 50.4 11.

1 39.1 7.2 6.1 Richmond 12.1 9.6 45.4 15.9 33.3 34.4 33.6 49.8.7 NORTH CAROLINA Charlotte 60.5 44.7 49.2 45.3 Green Bay 12.1 31.2 30.3 8.5 Cleveland 49.0 59.7 56.6 10.9 35.1 43.7 48.9 Youngstown 48.7 10.4 10.5 57.4 6.4 Madison Milwaukee 9.7 Dayton 51.4 13.1 38.0 10.3 Fargo 40.4 mm.2 54.0 12.1 49.8 16.2 10.4 NORTH DAKOTA Bismarck 41.9 33.0 51.1 9.6 7.6 New York City 54.9 7.0 Greensboro 57.7 9.2 10.1 49.Savannah HAWAII Hilo Honolulu IDAHO Boise Pocatello ILLINOIS Chicago Peoria Springfield INDIANA Evansville Fort Wayne Indianapolis South Bend IOWA Des Moines Sioux City Waterloo 65.0 38.7 28.6 Columbus 51.6 35.2 43.8 Huntington WISCONSIN 10.1 11.6 34.1 45.4 40.4 49.5 11.6 77.7 37.4 52.8 WYOMING 10.2 51.7 Cheyenne 10.3 10.1 11.8 55.0 34.4 39.9 °C =(°F .61 km/h Source: National Climatic Data Center.7 Albany 47.0 8.1 10.9 73.7 52.8 53.3 Buffalo 47.9 Raleigh 59.3 8.1 Roanoke 9.3 35.5 41.8 30.0 Wilmington 63.8 41.2 50.7 WASHINGTON 9.5 8.9 Syracuse 47. 1986 Page 7 .6 55.1 49.7 47.8 Charleston 8.5 OHIO Akron-Canton 49.32)/1.7 128. 1 mph = 1.6 8.7 45. 1 in = 25.7 Casper 8.6 52.4 19.2 42.5 Rochester 47.2 46.3 39.9 Norfolk 12.2 23.7 42.4 37.6 13.2 10.9 11.2 44.5 WEST VIRGINIA 7.8 6.8 25.5 Spokane 7.1 46.7 37.5 10.0 30.8 11.8 10.7 Olympia Seattle 7.9 11.4 46.

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15 5-1.15 5-1. epth of djust upward Page 12 .grade meable Base 0-1.00 0-1.20 (Cu) £ 6.

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0 ft 700 psi 4. m: Base Properties Elastic Modulus of Base.500. Hb: Slab-Base Friction Factor.2 33.2 49. f: 4. General Agency: Street Address: City: State: ERES 505 W. TEMP: Mean Annual Precipitation.Based on AASHTO Supplemental Guide Reference: LTPP DATA ANALYSIS .9 million Reliability Standard Deviation Calculated Slab Thickness for Above Inputs: in . 5-in.000 psi 0. Eb: Design Thickness of Base.24 in Elastic Modulus (Slab) Base Thickness k-Value Joint Spacing Design ESALs 21. S0: Climatic Properties Mean Annual Wind Speed.0 in 1.00 Slab Thickness used for Sensitivity Analysis: Modulus of Rupture Elastic Modulus (Base) 11.34 % Edge Support Factor: Sensitivity Analysis 1. Champaign IL ID: Example Project Number: 1-20-98LCB Description: Lean Concrete Base. Design Pavement Type. (S'c)': Elastic Modulus of Slab. WIND: Mean Annual Air Temperature. IL II. P2: PCC Properties 28-day Mean Modulus of Rupture.3 mph o F in 90. University Ave.Rigid Pavement Design . Ec: Poisson's Ratio for Concrete.5 Joint Spacing: JRCP CRCP 15.4 Reliability and Standard Deviation Reliability Level (R): Overall Standard Deviation.Phase I: Validation of Guidelines for k-Value Selection and Concrete Pavement Performance Prediction I. Joint Spacing (L) Serviceability JPCP Initial Serviceability. PRECIP: Subgrade k-Value 165 psi/in 10. Location: Champaign.15 JPCP Effective Joint Spacing: Edge Support Conventional 12-ft wide traffic lane Conventional 12-ft wide traffic lane + tied PCC 2-ft widened slab w/conventional 12-ft traffic lane 180 in 25.000 psi 6.5 2.0 0. P1: Terminal Serviceability.

000 6.57 o Modulus of Subgrade Reaction Period 2 3 3 4 Description Fall Winter Spring Summer Subgrade k-Value.3 mph o F in F 8.2 33.000 25.2 49.Phase I: Validation of Guidelines for k-Value Selection and Concrete Pavement Performance Prediction Results Project # 1-20-98LCB Description: Lean Concrete Base. psi/in % 11.5 700 4. Location: Champaign.Based on AASHTO Supplemental Guide Reference: LTPP DATA ANALYSIS .24 in Temperature Differential Mean Annual Wind Speed Mean Annual Air Temperature Mean Annual Precipitation Maximum Positive Temperature Differential 10. 5-in.500.0 165 90 0.Rigid Pavement Design .5 2. IL Slab Thickness Design Pavement Type 18-kip ESALs Over Initial Performance Period (million) Initial Serviceability Terminal Serviceability 28-day Mean PCC Modulus of Rupture Elastic Modulus of Slab Elastic Modulus of Base Base Thickness Mean Effective k-Value Reliability Level Overall Standard Deviation Calculated Design Thickness JPCP 21. psi 150 300 80 120 .88 4.34 million psi psi psi in.

91 15.1 in 1.4 1.5 1.0 0.0% 25.0% 5.000 2 95% 50% Annual Accumulated Growth in 18-kip ESALs Truck Factor (millions) 3.00 in in .0% Initial Truck Factor 0.0% 8.6 20 8.0% 0.0% 6.81 years 1 2 3 Total Calculated Cumulative ESALs million Faulting Doweled Dowel Diameter Drainage Coefficient Average Fault for Design Years with Design Inputs Criteria Check Nondoweled Drainage Coefficient Average Fault for Design Years with Design Inputs Criteria Check 1.0% Annual Growth 5.Seasonally Adjusted Modulus of Subgrade Reaction Modulus of Subgrade Reaction Adjusted for Rigid Layer and Fill Section 165 psi/in 175 psi/in Traffic Performance Period Two-Way ADT Number of Lanes in Design Direction Percent of All Trucks in Design Lane Percent Trucks in Design Direction Vehicle Class Percent of ADT 65.0% 10.16 5.0% 2.

63 0.63 F 1.47 33.09 -0.76 3.5 13.92 2.05 40.61 0.06 1.11 -0.11 25.48 0.37 0.38 0.0 12.50 41.00 1.09 -0.94 -1.94 -1.00 1.5 11.35 0.08 1.00 1.39 Term4 -0.08 -0.09 1.94 -1.55 0.0 7.91 L in 180 180 180 180 180 180 180 180 180 180 180 180 180 180 180 180 180 180 180 E 1.02 1.02 1.00 1.59 0.57 36.65 0.14 -0.94 -1.94 -1.94 -1.12 -0.39 0.5 8.93 41.58 0.41 0.35 33.07 1.94 -1.25 19.54 48.10 Page 18 .31 0.5 15.11 -0.08 1.94 -1.60 0.10 -0.0 8.00 1.94 -1.62 0.01 1.57 0.83 71.0 11.00 1.50 0.00 1.32 0.55 0.00 1.32 1.77 46.05 1.0 9.94 -1.50 14.03 1.0 13.94 42.52 0.11 21.36 44.94 Term2 0.60 0.60 Term3 0.94 142.13 -0.51 113.51 7.07 1.00 1.00 1.09 -0.65 10.00 1.94 -1.36 0.91 50.44 0.94 -1.16 -0.58 39.00 l in 29.10 1.62 0.5 9.Calculation Sheet D (in) 7.94 -1.10 -0.05 Term1 -1.13 -0.16 47.00 1.42 19.00 1.03 1.60 52.42 0.05 1.00 1.94 -1.5 10.00 1.94 -1.58 0.33 0.54 0.60 0.56 0.64 0.88 31.15 -0.37 90.10 -0.00 1.08 -0.00 1.24 Design Traffic MESALs 1.34 0.10 1.53 0.0 11.94 -1.04 1.03 34.08 37.26 51.39 0.00 1.00 11.0 14.94 -1.63 0.5 12.05 1.30 55.00 1.5 14.0 10.46 0.94 -1.08 -0.08 -0.94 43.29 43.92 5.

00 1.31 -1.06 0.0484 0.31 -1.1 175.00 1.06 0.00 1.9 276.0461 0.8 136.05 0.3 87.5 173.8 129.31 -1.68 8.15 -0.00 1.31 -1.18 -0.19 -0.00 1.32 -1.15 -0.0 162.00 F 5.0485 0.14 -0.08 0.1 132.08 7.0487 0.4 151.18 Term7 -0.10 -0.24 8.00 1.0487 0.11 -0.0488 0.17 -0.26 -0.5 92.72 8.16 -0.06 0.47 8.3 209.17 -0.07 0.13 -0.20 -0.0 123.21 -0.00 1.00 1.4 343.00 1.0488 0.13 log b -1.2 141.32 -1.18 -0.16 -0.4 L in 180 180 180 180 180 180 180 180 180 180 180 180 180 180 180 180 180 180 180 E 1.0487 0.6 st' psi 370.06 0.31 -1.9 205.35 9.07 0.0 189.0 153.0488 0.20 -0.0488 0.32 -1.21 -0.76 6.0478 0.31 -1.00 8.0481 0.33 -1.4 296.05 0.4 103.31 -1.6 144.05 0.10 -0.9 203.00 1.26 6.00 1.08 0.49 9.19 -0.7 116.08 -0.21 -0.05 0.74 8.9 196.24 -0.9 319.2 109.18 -0.1 224.57 Page 19 .20 9.0452 0.0468 0.13 -0.15 -0.00 1.21 -0.3 257.3 209.2 222.19 -0.20 -0.09 -0.31 b 0.18 -0.31 -1.42 7.00 1.0487 TD o sl psi 266.0474 0.Calculation Sheet Term5 0.07 0.0488 0.87 9.17 -0.31 -1.6 184.4 240.0488 0.05 0.00 1.3 163.12 -0.31 -1.69 7.34 -1.2 97.00 1.07 0.06 0.1 136.00 1.47 8.62 9.09 -0.17 -0.0488 0.04 9.06 Term6 -0.05 0.05 0.3 243.00 1.5 141.12 -0.00 1.32 -1.31 -1.34 -1.

94 -1.08 1.12 -0.43 -1.19 -0.94 -1.06 Term6 -0.07 0.05 Term1 -1.24 -0.05 0.67 44.94 -1.43 Page 20 .94 -1.02 1.36 0.94 -1.46 0.44 -1.05 1.83 47.51 0.20 -0.11 -0.10 -0.08 -0.25 -0.94 -1.43 41.94 -1.22 -0.07 -0.10 1.43 -1.55 0.53 0.43 -1.77 39.43 -1.43 -1.06 0.94 -1.23 -0.94 -1.05 0.06 0.48 0.11 Term5 0.08 1.59 0.10 -0.92 50.65 34.23 Term7 -0.03 1.08 -0.10 1.08 -0.21 -0.38 48.38 57.94 -1.50 0.26 45.21 -0.55 Term3 0.51 0.13 -0.12 -0.33 0.05 1.22 -0.08 0.17 -0.43 -1.59 0.06 1.10 -0.94 -1.43 -1.09 1.08 0.14 -0.10 -0.06 0.11 -0.43 -1.17 -0.27 -0.83 45.15 -0.43 -1.26 -0.03 1.43 -1.56 0.43 -1.42 0.09 0.04 1.09 0.09 -0.58 0.20 -0.06 0.05 1.09 -0.21 -0.95 53.12 -0.29 0.25 -0.58 F 1.23 -0.08 -0.30 0.34 0.94 -1.44 0.13 -0.94 -1.08 -0.44 54.06 0.01 1.94 Term2 0.37 0.52 0.10 -0.19 -0.53 0.44 -1.18 -0.36 0.58 0.11 log b -1.23 -0.26 -0.51 0.24 -0.07 1.16 -0.07 0.09 37.14 -0.07 0.35 Term4 -0.44 51.11 -0.07 1.07 0.54 0.94 -1.94 -1.40 0.49 0.94 -1.43 -1.13 -0.39 36.92 56.31 0.00 1.Calculation Sheet l in 32.15 -0.39 0.09 -0.35 0.02 1.43 -1.06 42.43 -1.05 0.16 -0.94 -1.09 -0.08 0.23 -0.44 -1.32 0.11 -0.56 0.07 0.94 -1.43 -1.55 0.55 0.57 0.83 46.29 0.

176 Y 1.37 9.58 6.6 279.7 184.04 1.03 9.1 st psi 384.03 9.8 208.60 7.8 240.69 7.5 133.97 7.95 8.09 1.79 9.02 1.176 -0.00 1.29 7.13 8.25 8.0367 0.176 -0.4 121.2 107.77 6.01 1.11 10.81 9.0369 0.00 1.176 -0.9 147.14 Page 21 .176 -0.5 96.6 101.176 -0.0375 0.176 -0.0371 0.37 8.7 208.37 1.87 8.70 7.9 158.48 8.57 7.28 7.3 125.16 6.45 6.83 7.0374 0.9 236.4 114.4 170.176 -0.80 6.176 -0.176 -0.6 258.22 1.176 -0.01 log W 6.176 -0.19 8.0375 0.79 7.14 1.0373 0.01 1.7 182.00 8.70 7.59 8.1 170.0370 0.9 138.07 8.13 7.0362 0.4 301.8 147.74 7.25 10.4 223.2 129.94 G -0.5 194.0370 0.2 258.0 199.6 217.176 -0.96 10.92 8.69 8.13 7.76 F 6.0374 TD o sl psi 284.0373 0.0366 0.0375 0.25 9.0 90.06 1.0374 0.1 353.0367 0.53 8.176 -0.42 7.176 -0.64 9.87 7.24 8.03 1.00 1.0375 0.0375 0.01 1.176 -0.1 150.15 7.56 7.176 -0.00 1.5 201.52 8.00 1.0372 0.96 7.6 160.4 141.41 8.30 8.176 -0.45 7.00 1.63 6.01 1.Calculation Sheet b 0.9 326.176 -0.9 143.8 L1 kips 18 18 18 18 18 18 18 18 18 18 18 18 18 18 18 18 18 18 18 L2 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 log R 6.45 9.62 7.

29 8.10 152.34 A0 = A1 = R2 = Stand Err of X = -17.26 194.78 3.02 7.72 6.50 14.59 7.11 59.282 1.52 7.928 0.88 7.282 1.282 1.96 8.88 7.18 8.28 7.44 6.49 8.282 1.23981818 11.74 388.42 19.12 6.85 310.42 52.387 3.11 25.92 2.60 5.15 7.37 90.282 1.03 20.79 118.282 1.59 7.11 21.32 1.282 1.282 1.29 43.85 7.15 7.94 142.282 1.69 15.74 6.72 7.92 5.65 10.51 113.96 8.39 8.282 1.28 6.282 1.46 7.59 6.25 19.64 246.84 7.51 7.282 1.994 0.28 7.76 3.86 52.11 69.2398192 Page 22 .91 log W 18 R D = A0 + A1 log W18 R 6.51 10.06 8.282 1.23 7.282 1.282 1.35 33.13 90.03 7.87 28.18 7.282 1.32 7.Calculation Sheet log W' W'(50%) MESALs 6.65 38.64 7.40 7.30 55.203 11.75 7.282 1.72 7.282 W 18 R MESALS 1.83 71.282 1.75 Z 1.07 8.56 6.

Sensitivity Analysis (Effective Subgrade Support) 45. MESALs Base Thickness = 6 in 25.0 Reliability = 90 % 10.0 Slab Thickness = 11.000 psi Elastic Modulus of Base = 25.0 k-Value of subgrade = 50 to 800 psi 20.0 35. psi 500 600 700 800 .0 Joint Spacing = 15 ft 15.74 in 0.0 Standard Deviation = 0.34 5.0 Elastic Modulus of Concrete = 4.0 Design Traffic.000 psi 30.200.0 0 100 200 300 400 k-value.0 Modulus of Rupture = 650 psi 40.

0 Slab Thickness. MESALs 10 1 7.0 8.Sensitivity Analysis (Thickness) 1000 100 Design Traffic.0 11.0 15.0 9.0 14. in 12.0 .0 10.0 13.

24 in strain in lbf Base Type Stabilized Base Unstabilized Base FI: CESAL: Age: Cd: o 500 F-days 21.10 Faulting (doweled) Faulting (nondoweled) in Faulting Check Faulting Check - in Recommended critical mean joint faulting levels for design (Table 28) Joint Spacing < 25 ft > 25 ft Critical Mean Joint Faulting 0.0 years 1.000 psi NONDOWELED PAVEMENT Base/Slab Frictional Restraint Stabilized Base Aggregate Base or LCB w/ bond breaker ALPHA: TRANGE: e: D: P: T: Base Type Stabilized Base Unstabilized Base o 0.000.0 years 1.000 psi/in 29.45 o F Days90: D: 20 days 11.24 9.88 million 20.000006 / F 65.0 0.88 million 20.Faulting DOWELED PAVEMENT Dowel Diameter: Kd : Es: 1.13 in .50 in 1.00 FI: CESAL: Age: Cd: o 500 F-days 21.06 in 0.000 0.500.00015 11.

250 and 500 psi/in) and two values for the elastic modulus of the base (25.2 o F Step 2: Use one or more of the following charts to estimate the tensile stress at top of slab.9 F Construction Curling and Moisture Gradient Temperature Differential Enter temperature gradient: o 1.000 psi). These are plotted for a base course thickness of 6 in. Use judgment to extrapolate the value of the tensile stress at the top of the slab from these charts.24 in o -5. Differential: -17.000. The six charts represent three k-values (100. Enter Tensile Stress at Top of Slab: 120 psi (use charts below) . Note that the charts show the variation of tensile stress with negative temperature differential for slab thicknesses ranging from 7 to 13 in.Note: Joint load position stress checks need to be performed only for nondoweled pavements Only two numbers need to be entered in this sheet: Temperature gradient Tensile stress at top of slab Step 1: Total Negative Temperature Differential Slab Thickness: Total Negative Temperature Differential: 11.0 F/in (enter positive value from below) For temperature gradient use: Wet Climate: 0 to 2 oF/in (Annual Precipitation >= 30 in or Thornthwaite Moisture Index > 0) (Annual Precipitation < 30 in or Thornthwaite Moisture Index < 0) Dry Climate: 1 to 3 oF/in Total Effective Negative Temp.000 psi and 1.

For the given inputs and the above thickness. this value is 203 psi The slab is designed for a tensile stress of 203 psi. new inputs have to be provided. Corner Break Check: PASS .Step 3: Compare the above tensile stress with the maximum tensile stress at the bottom of the slab for which the slab is designed. the design is acceptable. If the check fails. If the tensile stress at the top of the slab (obtained from the charts below and entered above) is less than the design stress.

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(c) Plate bearing tests. . if present. The k-value input required for this design method is determined using the following steps: Step 1. as in the original AASHTO design procedure. Step 3. This seasonally adjusted effective k-value can then be adjusted for the effects of a shallow rigid layer. Step 2. Select a subgrade soil k-value for each season. The "Seasonal k-Value" Sheet can then be used to determine a seasonally adjusted effective k-value. or an embankment above the natural subgrade using the "Fill/Rigid Adjustment" sheet. The k-value to be input in the "Input Form" and in the "Seasonal k-Value" sheet is the actual subgrade soil modulus of subgrade reaction. Detailed information for Step 1 is included below. (b) Deflection testing and backcalculation (recommended). using any of the three following methods: (a) Correlations with soil type and other soil properties or tests.NOTE: The k-value used in this design procedure is not a composite k.

are summarized in Table 11. or Dynamic Cone Penetrometer (DCP) data. a higher k-value at any given degree of saturation (for example. moisture level. lb/ft3). Two different types of materials can be classified as A-4: predominantly silty materials (at least 75 percent passing the #200 sieve. the range of values is about + 40 psi/in [11 kPa/mm]. along the line labeled A-7-6 in Figure 40) is appropriate.Method A -. possibly organic). percent). along with typical ranges of dry density and CBR for each soil type. The k-values obtained from soil type or tests correlation methods may need to be adjusted for embankment above the subgrade or a shallow rigid layer beneath the subgrade. sand. for example. The k -values and correlations for cohesionless soils (A-1 and A-3): The bearing capacity of cohesionless materials is fairly insensitive to moisture variation and is predominantly a function of their void ratio and overall stress state. an A-6 soil might be expected to exhibit k-values between about 180 and 260 psi/in [49 and 70 kPa/mm] at 50 percent saturation. Recommended k-value ranges for fine-grained soils. which is a function of water content (w. density. and k-values between about 25 and 85 psi/in [7 and 23 kPa/mm] at 100 percent saturation. The line labeled A-4 in Figure B-4 is more representative of the former group. The latter may have a density between about 100 and 125 lb/ft 3 [1602 and 2002 kg/m3]. but possesses the properties of the stronger subset of materials in the A-4 class. California Bearing Ratio (CBR). along with typical ranges of dry density and CBR for each soil type.Correlations. and mixtures of silt. If the material in question is A-4. and a CBR between about 4 and 8. These correlation methods are anticipated to be used routinely for design. For any given soil type and degree of saturation. Guidelines are presented for selecting an appropriate k-value based on soil classification. Each line represents the middle of a range of reasonable values for k. and gravel (up to 64 percent retained on #200 sieve). . and specific gravity (Gs): Recommended k-values for each fine-grained soil type as a function of degree of saturation are shown in Figure 40. Thus. and a CBR between about 5 and 15. Recommended k-value ranges for cohesionless soils. are summarized in Table 11. The former may have a density between about 90 and 105 lb/ft 3 [1442 and 1682 kg/m3]. The k-values and correlations for cohesive soils (A-4 through A-7): The bearing capacity of cohesive soils is strongly influenced by their degree of saturation (Sr. dry density (g. A reasonable lower limit for k at 100 percent saturation is considered to be 25 psi/in [7 kPa/mm ]. percent).

Figure 40. The k-value versus degree of saturation for cohesive soils .

sandy A-2-6. OH 80 . gravelly A-2-6.110 3-5 40 . If a layer of bedrock exists within 10 ft [3 m] of the top of the soil. gravelly A-2-7. GP 125 . gravelly A-2-5.018 kg/m3.500 80 . Recommended k-value ranges for various soil types. the k should be adjusted using Step 3. well graded gravel GW.145 40 . See Figure 40. the k-value for the underlying soil should be estimated from this table and adjusted for the type and thickness of embankment material using Step 3.130 10 .125 5 .15 4 . OL 100 .125 5 .80 300 .125 90 . If an embankment layer less than 10 ft [3 m] thick exists over a softer subgrade. poorly graded A-1-b A-3 coarse sand fine sand SW SP 120 .15 25 .190 * A-6 A-7-5 CL CL.400 200 . sandy A-2-5.400 GM 130 .220 * 90 . 1 lb/ft3 =16. 1 psi/in = 0.165 * 105 . AASHTO Class Description Unified Class Dry Density (lb/ft3) CBR (perce nt) k Value (psi/in) Coarse-grained Soils: A-1-a.40 300 . These recommended k-value ranges apply to a homogeneous soil layer at least 10 ft [3 m] thick.140 60 .140 20 . OL 100 .120 35 .350 GC 120 .80 300 .15 40 .105 4-8 25 .300 A-2 Soils (granular materials with high fines): A-2-4.450 SM 120 .271 kPa/mm .130 110 .100 4-8 25 .400 150 .40 200 .40 15 .215 * A-7-6 CH.220 * * k-value of fine-grained soil is highly dependent on degree of saturation.25 300 .20 150 .130 105 . gravelly A-2-4.Table 11. sandy silty gravel silty sandy gravel silty sand silty gravelly sand clayey gravel clayey sandy gravel clayey sand SC A-2-7.255 * 25 .135 20 .60 20 . sandy clayey gravelly sand Fine-grained Soils: silt A-4 silt/sand/ gravel mixture A-5 poorly graded silt plastic clay moderately plastic elastic clay highly plastic elastic clay MH ML.450 A-1-a.

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three feet or more) of the subgrade will be frozen. are summarized in Table 11. County soil reports can provide data on the position of the high-water table (i. the available data indicate that in terms of bearing capacity. a k-value of 500 psi/in [135 kPa/mm] would be an appropriate "frozen" k. seasonal precipitation levels. The seasonal variation in degree of saturation is difficult to predict.. Unfortunately. Among the factors that should be considered in selecting seasonal k-values are the seasonal movement of the water table. county soil reports do not provide data on the variation in depth to the water table throughout the year. Assignment of k-values to seasons.g.e. The DCP can also penetrate AC surfaces and surface treatments to test the foundation below. Correlation of k-value to California Bearing Ratio: Figure 41 illustrates the approximate range of k-values that might be expected for a soil with a given CBR.The k-values and correlations for A-2 soils: Soils in the A-2 class are all granular materials falling between A-1 and A-3. along with typical ranges of dry density and CBR for each soil type. it is reasonable to expect that fine-grained subgrades will remain at least 70 to 90 percent saturated. number of freeze-thaw cycles. A-2 materials behave similarly to cohesionless materials of comparable density. Correlation of k-values to penetration rate by Dynamic Cone Penetrometer: Figure 42 illustrates the range of k-values that might be expected for a soil with a given penetration rate (inches per blow) measured with a Dynamic Cone Penetrometer. This is a rapid hand-held testing device that can be used to quickly test dozens of locations along an alignment. . winter frost depths. even in a cold climate. if the frost will not reach and remain in a substantial thickness of the subgrade throughout the winter.. but in locations where a water table is constantly present at a depth of less than about 10 ft [3 m]. If it is anticipated that a substantial depth (e. A "frozen" k may not be appropriate for winter. and the extent to which the subgrade will be protected from frost by embankment material. the typical depth to the water table at the time of the year that it is at its highest). Recommended k-value ranges for A-2 soils. Although it is difficult to predict the behavior of such a wide variety of materials. and may be completely saturated for substantial periods in the spring.

Figure 41. Approximate relationship of k-value range to CBR. .

Figure 42. Approximate relationship of k-value range to DCP penetration rate. .

Determine the effective seasonally adjusted elastic k-value considering the factors discussed above. Measure deflections in the outer wheel path. No embankment or rigid layer adjustment is required for backcalculated k-values if these characteristics are similar for the pavement being tested and the pavement being designed. A heavy-load deflection device (e. 24. for design of a reconstructed pavement on existing alignments. ASTM D4694 and D4695 provide additional guidance on deflection testing. 5. Compute an initial estimate (assuming an infinite slab size) of the radius of relative stiffness. An appropriate design subgrade elastic k-value for use as an input to this design method is determined by the following steps: 1. 2. 203. These methods are suitable for determining k-value for design of overlays of existing pavements. Adjust the initially estimated k-value to account for the finite slab size.. Measure slab deflection basins along the project at an interval sufficient to adequately assess conditions. or for design of similar pavements in the same general location on the same type of subgrade. 9. 36.Method B — Deflection Testing and Backcalculation Methods. Measure deflections. Compute the mean backcalculated subgrade k-value for all of the deflection basins considered. Compute an initial estimate (assuming an infinite slab size) of the subgrade k-value. and 1524 mm] from the center of the load. 8.000 lbf [40 kN] are recommended. 18. 3. 12. These steps are described below.g. For a bare concrete pavement. 8. Compute the appropriate AREA of each deflection basin. compute the AREA7 of each deflection basin æ d8 ö æ d 12 ö æ d 18 ö æ d 24 ö æ d 36 ö æ d 60 ö ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ AREA7 = 4 + 6 ç ç ÷+5 ç ç ÷+6 ç ç ÷+9 ç ç ÷ + 18 ç ç ÷ + 12 ç ç ÷ d d d d d d . An agency may also use backcalculation methods to develop correlations between nondestructive deflection testing results and subgrade types and properties. 305. with the relevant equations for bare concrete and composite (asphalt concrete over concrete slab) pavements given for each step. but backcalculated dynamic k-values do need to be reduced by a factor of two to estimate a static elastic k-value for use in design which is required in this catalog. 4. Compute adjustment factors for the maximum deflection d0 and the initially estimated l to account for the finite slab size. Measure deflections on an in-service concrete or composite (AC-overlaid PCC) pavement with the same or similar subgrade as the pavement being designed. 6. Falling Weight Deflectometer) and a load magnitude of 9. 457. and 60 in [0. Measure deflections with sensors located at 0. Compute AREA. Intervals of 100 to 1000 ft [30 to 300 m] are typical. Cut and fill sections are likely to yield different k-values. l. 7. 610. 915. Compute the estimated mean static k-value for use in design for the specific season during the testing.

203. 457. Falling Weight Deflectometer) and a load magnitude of 9. compute an k est = d 0 (lest ) P d* 0 2 [30] initial estimate of the k-value using the following equation: where k = backcalculated dynamic k-value. inches For a composite pavement. inches di = deflections at 0. inch . 610. Intervals of 100 to 1000 ft [30 to 300 m] are typical. and 60 in [0.g. compute the AREA5 of each deflection basin using the following æ d 18 AREA5 = 3 + 6 ç ç è d 12 equation: ö æ d 24 ÷ ÷+9 ç ç ø è d 12 ö æ d 36 ÷ ÷ + 18 ç ç ø è d 12 ö æ d 60 ÷ ÷ + 12 ç ç ø è d 12 ö ÷ ÷ ø [27] Estimate l assuming an infinite slab size. 12.708 ÷ ú øú = ê è . 18.220 [29] estimated using the following equation: Estimate k assuming an infinite slab size. 36.000 lbf [40 kN] are recommended. For a bare concrete pavement. 915.40 ÷ ú øú = ê è . The radius of relative stiffness for a bare concrete pavement (assuming an infinite slab) may be estimated using the following equation: lest é æ 60 AREA7 ö ù ê ln ç 289. and 1524 mm] from the center of the load. 203. 305. psi/in P = load. Measure deflections in the outer wheel path. and 60 in [0. compute the AREA7 of each deflection basin æ d8 ö æ d 12 ÷ AREA7 = 4 + 6 ç ç ÷+5 ç ç è d0 ø è d0 using the following equation: ö æ d 18 ÷ ÷+6 ç ç ø è d0 ö æ d 24 ÷ ÷+9 ç ç ø è d0 ö æ d 36 ÷ ÷ + 18 ç ç ø è d0 ö æ d 60 ÷ ÷ + 12 ç ç ø è d0 ö ÷ ÷ ø [26] where d0 = deflection in center of loading plate. For a bare concrete pavement. and 1524 mm] from plate center.adequately assess conditions.. 457. lb d0 = deflection measured at center of load plate. 24. 915. Compute AREA.476 ê ú ê ú ë û 2.0. 24. 18. 8. ASTM D4694 and D4695 provide additional guidance on deflection testing.698 ê ú ê ú ë û 2. Measure deflections with sensors located at 0. A heavy-load deflection device (e. 8. 305.0. 610.566 [28] The radius of relative stiffness for a composite pavement (assuming an infinite slab) may be lest é æ 48 AREA5 ö ù ê ln ç 158. 12. 36.

89434 e è æ L ö ÷ ÷ lest ø 1 . or if the slab length is greater than twice the if Ll £ 2 * L w . For both bare concrete and composite pavements.8 0 1 5 1 ç -0.79432 e * d 12 = 0. from previous step = nondimensional coefficient of deflection at center of load plate: [ -0. the initial estimate of l is used to compute the following adjustment factors -0. inch lest d0 * = estimated radius of relative stiffness. in. For a bare concrete pavement.61662 ç AF l = 1 .12188 e ( -0 . L is the square root of the product of the slab length and width.1.estimated using the following equation: Estimate k assuming an infinite slab size. both in inches.1245 e ( -0 . lb d0 = deflection measured at center of load plate. inches.71878 ç ç AF d 0 = 1 . compute an k est = d 0 (lest ) P d* 0 2 initial estimate of the k-value using the following equation: where k = backcalculated dynamic k-value. adjust the . L is the product of the square root of two and the slab length in inches: Adjust k for finite slab size. L = Ll L w if Ll > 2 * L w .0 7 0 7 4 lest ) ] [33] Compute adjustment factors for d0 and l for finite slab size. from previous step = nondimensional coefficient of deflection 12 in [305 mm] from center of load plate: [ -0.15085 e è æ L ö ÷ ÷ lest ø 0 .14707 e * d 0 = 0. For both bare concrete and composite pavements. psi/in P = load. L = 2 * Ll width.0 4 8 3 1 [34] [33] [35] to d0 and l to account for the finite size of the slabs tested: where. if the slab length is less than or equal to twice the slab width. inch lest d12 * = estimated radius of relative stiffness.0 7 5 6 5 lest ) ] [31] k est = d 12 (lest ) P d* 12 2 [32] For a composite pavement.0. compute an initial estimate of the k-value using the following equation: d12 = deflection measured 12 in [305 mm] from center of load plate.

L = Ll L w [36] if Ll > 2 * L w . Seasonal variation in backcalculated k-values. For both bare concrete and composite pavements. Compute the estimated mean static k-value for design. if the slab length is less than or equal to twice the slab width. Divide the mean dynamic k-value by two to estimate the mean static k-value for design. L is the product of the square root of two and the slab length in inches: Adjust k for finite slab size. as well as any individual values that appear to be significantly out of line with the rest of the values. L = 2 * Ll width.where. The design k-value determined from backcalculation as described above represents the k-value for the season in which the deflection testing was conducted. less than 50 psi/in [14 kPa/mm] or greater than 1500 psi/in [407 kPa/mm]). An agency may wish to conduct deflection testing on selected projects in different seasons of the year to assess the seasonal variation in backcalculated k-values for different types of subgrades. A blank worksheet for computation of k from deflection data and example computations of k from deflection basins measured on two pavements. Exclude from the calculation of the mean k-value any unrealistic values (i.. adjust the k= k est 2 AF l AF d 0 [37] initially estimated k-value using the following equation: Compute mean dynamic k-value. L is the square root of the product of the slab length and width. both in inches. one bare concrete and the other composite.e. are given in Table 12. . or if the slab length is greater than twice the if Ll £ 2 * L w .

934 212 212 106 [26] [28] [31] [30] [34] [35] [37] AFl Adjusted k Mean dynamic k Mean static k for design . Determination of design subgrade k-value from deflection measurements.79 0.00288 0.867 0.Table12.00361 0.0 40. A2.00336 0.00205 45.00398 0. Table BARE CONCRETE PAVEMENT Step d0 d8 d12 d18 d24 d36 d60 AREA7 Initial estimate of l Nondimensional d0* and initial estimate of k Af d 0 Equation Calculated Value ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ Example 0.1237 160 0.00418 0.00384 0.

896 195 195 97 [27] [29] [33] [32] [34] [35] [37] AFl Adjusted k Mean dynamic k Mean static k for design .00202 37.00332 0.00349 0.8 48.COMPOSITE PAVEMENT Step d12 d18 d24 d36 d60 AREA5 Initial estimate of l Nondimensional d12 * and initial estimate of k Af d 0 Equation Calculated Value ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ Example 0.83 0.00273 0.823 0.1189 128 0.00313 0.

This value is then used to determine the effective seasonally adjusted elastic k-value considering the factors discussed above. and the k-value obtained should be adjusted to account for the thickness and density of the embankment. the recommended subgrade input parameter is the static elastic k-value. An adequate number of tests should be run to ensure coverage over the project length. Army Corps of Engineers. This may be determined from either a repetitive or nonrepetitive test on the prepared subgrade or on a prepared test embankment.25 mm] is considered to represent the elastic k-value. the elastic k-value is determined from the ratio of load to elastic deformation (the recoverable portion of the total deformation measured). For the purpose of concrete pavement design. using the nomograph provided in Step 3. Smaller diameter plates will yield substantially higher kvalues.S.Method C -. the tests should be conducted on the subgrade. provided that the embankment is at least 10 ft [3 m] thick.05 in [1. . The mean of the tests becomes the static elastic k-value for the season of testing. ASTM D1196). which are not appropriate for use in this design procedure. These test methods were developed for a variety of purposes. according to extensive research by the U.Plate Bearing Test Methods. Note also that a 30-in-diameter [762-mm-diameter] plate should be used to determine the elastic static k-value for use in design. In a repetitive test. the load-deformation ratio at a deformation of 0. Otherwise. In a nonrepetitive test. and do not provide explicit guidance on the determination of the required k-value input to the design procedure described here. The subgrade or embankment elastic k-value may be determined from either of two types of plate bearing tests: repetitive static plate loading (AASHTO T221. ASTM D1195) or nonrepetitive static plate loading (AASHTO T222.

millions 21.Season Number of Months Subgrade k-Value.31 Relative Damage in the Season 0.52 165 80 300 .0921 0.72 19.1298 0. psi/in W18.19 23.1563 0.12 22.1793 Fall Winter Spring Summer 2 3 3 4 150 300 80 120 Total: 12 Mean Damage: W18: Seasonally Adjusted Subgrade k-Value (psi/in): 0.0465 21.

Adjustment for the Effects of Embankment and/or Shallow Rigid Layer: The seasonally adjusted subgrade k-value is to be adjusted using the following nomograph if: (a) fill material will be placed above the natural subgrade, and/or (b) a rigid layer (e.g., bedrock or hardpan clay) is present at a depth of 10 ft or less beneath the existing subgrade surface. Note: The rigid layer adjustment should only be applied if the subgrade k was determined on the basis of soil type or similar correlations. If the k-value was determined from nondestructive deflection testing or from plate bearing tests, the effect of a rigid layer, if present at a depth of less than 10 ft, is already represented in the k-value obtained.

Seasonally Adjusted Subgrade k-Value:

psi/in

If required, use the nomograph below to adjust the above subgrade k-value for fill and/or rigid layer and enter the adjusted value here:

175
Size image for better resolution.

psi/in

Traffic Worksheet Performance Period: Two-Way Daily Traffic (ADT): Number of Lanes in Design Direction: Percent of All Trucks in Design Lane: Percent Trucks in Design Direction: 20 years 8,000 2 95% 50%

Vehicle Class 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 Sum of % ADT:
(Should be 100)

Percent of ADT (Total = 100%) 65.0% 25.0% 10.0%

Annual % Growth 5.0% 6.0% 8.0%

Average Initial Truck Factor (ESALs/truck) 0.004 0.390 1.620

Annual % Accumulated Growth in ESALs Truck Factor (millions) 3.0% 2.0% 5.0% 0.16 5.91 15.81

100.0

Calculated ESALs:

million

Saved Data

Select row to be exported and click the "Export" button. ID Clear Example carrera15 Agency: Street Address: City: State: Project Number: Description:

ERES 505 W. University Ave. ASOCRETO CRA 15

Champaign IL 1-20-98LCB SANTAFE DE CUNDINAMARCA BOGOTA 101-99

Lean Concrete Base, 5-in. CRUCES CARRERA 15 CALLES 77 - 94

Page 52

IL ZONA ROSA Initial Serviceability.5 2.5 2. P2: 28-day Mean Modulus of Rupture.5 4. P1: Terminal Serviceability.5 700 714 Page 53 .Saved Data Location: Champaign. (S'c)': 4.

Saved Data

Elastic Modulus of Slab, Ec: Poisson's Ratio for Concrete, m: Elastic Modulus of Base, Eb: Design Thickness of Base, Hb: 4500000 4819500 0.15 0.15 0.15 25000 1000000 6 6

Page 54

Saved Data

Slab-Base Friction Factor, f: Reliability Level (R): Overall Standard Deviation, S0: Mean Annual Wind Speed, WIND: 1.4 4.5 90 95 0.34 0.35 10.2 10.2

Page 55

Saved Data

Mean Annual Air Temperature, TEMP: Mean Annual Precipitation, PRECIP: Subgrade k-Value 49.2 90 33.3 33.3

ESALs

165 21.88065817 70 17

Page 56

5 1.8 65 65 11.3286215 Page 57 .5 0.Saved Data Faulting Check Sheet (doweled) Edge Support Factor: Pavement Type Joint Spacing: Dowel Base/Slab Friction Restriant TRANGE Slab Thickness 1 JPCP 1 JPCP 1 JPCP 15 12 1.8 0.23981818 11.

23981818 11.88065817 0 500 17 Corner Break Check Shee AGE Cd Gradient 20 1.88065817 0 500 17 Page 58 .1 1 1 0 500 21.Saved Data k Sheet (doweled) Base Type FI CESAL Faulting Check Sheet (non doweled) AGE Cd Days90 Slab Thickness Base Type FI CESAL 20 20 1 1 20 20 11.1 20 1.3286215 0 500 21.

Saved Data Corner Break Check Sheet Fill/Rigid Adjustment k-Value Sheet Tensile Stress top Adjusted k-Value Season1 Months1 k1 Season2 Months2 k2 Season3 Months3 k3 120 120 175 Fall 175 Fall 2 150 Winter 2 150 Winter 3 300 Spring 3 300 Spring 3 80 3 80 Page 59 .

Saved Data k-Value Sheet Season4 Months4 k4 Season5 Months5 k5 Season6 Months6 Seasons6 Performance Period: Summer Summer 4 120 4 120 20 20 Page 60 .

95 Page 61 .95 0.Saved Data Two-Way Daily Traffic (ADT): Number of lanes in Design Direction: Percent of All Trucks in Design Lane: 8000 8000 2 2 0.

5 0.1 0.06 0.25 0.02 0.004 0.004 0.5 0.08 1.25 0.65 0.39 0.62 Page 62 .06 0.62 0.08 1.05 0.03 0.05 0.65 0.1 0.39 0.02 0.Saved Data Percent Trucks in Design Direction: ADT1 GADT1 TF1 GTF1 ADT2 GADT2 TF2 GTF2 ADT3 GADT3 TF3 0.03 0.

05 Page 63 .05 0.Saved Data Traffic Sheet GTF3 ADT4 GADT4 TF4 GTF4 ADT5 GADT5 TF5 GTF5 ADT6 GADT6 TF6 GTF6 ADT7 GADT7 TF7 GTF7 0.

Saved Data ADT8 GADT8 TF8 GTF8 ADT9 GADT9 TF9 GTF9 ADT10 GADT10 TF10 GTF10 ADT11 GADT11 TF11 Page 64 .

Saved Data GTF11 ADT12 GADT12 TF12 GTF12 ADT13 GADT13 TF13 GTF13 Page 65 .

81 17.91 21.42 53.04 57.34 53.82 46.68 66.91 53.05 51.FI&DAYS90 Freezing Index SHRP_id 6019 5008 4129 4126 1021 4155 4073 4084 3028 4007 1011 1001 3998 6012 1004 6010 1008 9035 1007 1006 6055 1034 1021 1022 1062 1018 1017 1016 6060 1065 1024 3048 2042 3071 3058 4046 4019 4021 3073 5803 5805 3059 3074 4023 3011 State_id 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 2 2 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 State Alabama Alabama Alabama Alabama Alabama Alabama Alabama Alabama Alabama Alabama Alabama Alabama Alabama Alabama Alaska Alaska Alaska Alaska Arizona Arizona Arizona Arizona Arizona Arizona Arizona Arizona Arizona Arizona Arizona Arizona Arizona Arkansas Arkansas Arkansas Arkansas Arkansas Arkansas Arkansas Arkansas Arkansas Arkansas Arkansas Arkansas Arkansas Arkansas County BALDWIN CLEBURNE COOSA CULLMAN ELMORE HOUSTON JACKSON JEFFERSON JEFFERSON JEFFERSON LAUDERDALE LEE SUMTER TUSCALOOSA ANCHORAGE ANCHORAGE FAIRBANKS MATANUSKA-SUSITNA MARICOPA MARICOPA MARICOPA MOHAVE MOHAVE MOHAVE MOHAVE PIMA PIMA SANTA CRUZ SANTA CRUZ YAVAPAI YAVAPAI ARKANSAS ASHLEY BENTON CRAIGHEAD CRAIGHEAD JEFFERSON LONOKE PULASKI PULASKI PULASKI SEBASTIAN ST FRANCIS WHITE WHITE (o F-days) 9 75 57 93 22 20 97 59 67 75 124 28 54 41 1888 2113 4543 2739 0 0 0 0 21 41 103 4 4 3 4 60 117 122 79 297 53 201 114 123 107 124 131 168 156 146 149 Average Annual Total Precipitation. PRECIP (in) 65.60 51.75 22.92 51.41 7.41 51.65 47.65 14.53 53.10 43.54 63.89 54.05 52.26 5.39 54.58 21.83 56.94 8.59 52.07 13.36 12.22 14.95 18.22 8.28 54.95 54.34 10.23 Page 66 .65 19.82 52.33 49.90 11.93 59.07 57.83 64.73 29.00 54.

88 18.FI&DAYS90 1253 7454 2038 2040 2041 8534 8535 8201 8202 7452 3017 2051 6044 9107 2004 3024 3013 3019 8150 7491 8149 8151 3010 7493 9048 3021 3042 7455 7456 8153 2053 8156 3030 3005 2002 2647 9049 7035 7776 7036 7781 2008 1053 7780 3032 7783 9020 6013 1057 1029 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 California California California California California California California California California California California California California California California California California California California California California California California California California California California California California California California California California California California California California Colorado Colorado Colorado Colorado Colorado Colorado Colorado Colorado Colorado Colorado Colorado Colorado Colorado BUTTE CALAVERAS DEL NORTE HUMBOLDT HUMBOLDT IMPERIAL IMPERIAL KERN KINGS LAKE LOS ANGELES NAPA NEVADA PLACER RIVERSIDE RIVERSIDE RIVERSIDE RIVERSIDE SAN BERNARDINO SAN BERNARDINO SAN BERNARDINO SAN BERNARDINO SAN DIEGO SAN DIEGO SAN DIEGO SAN DIEGO SAN JOAQUIN SAN JOAQUIN SAN JOAQUIN SAN LUIS OBISPO SAN MATEO SANTA BARBARA SHASTA SISKIYOU SISKIYOU TUOLUMNE YOLO ADAMS ADAMS ARAPAHOE BENT BENT DELTA EL PASO GARFIELD GARFIELD LARIMER LOGAN MESA MOFFAT 3 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 1 4 0 1 13 145 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 12 0 0 0 2 1 1 1 0 0 0 3 70 143 2 0 548 612 660 471 471 464 1453 655 672 617 850 459 1395 45.45 27.00 22.80 7.61 15.31 14.29 16.56 15.76 24.04 12.04 10.64 10.56 15.33 48.44 49.57 12.54 14.62 68.08 10.86 6.83 16.83 25.97 3.60 20.40 48.72 12.36 33.95 26.56 17.34 8.56 18.63 9.14 15.23 9.49 14.01 2.83 13.74 17.99 11.05 18.39 5.04 8.94 16.74 15.48 10.51 52.72 Page 67 .03 19.54 12.22 71.

55 53.08 46.63 69.76 41.85 49.75 49.03 51.44 46.71 56.29 45.55 49.56 48.07 44.06 55.63 47.24 59.67 47.74 45.47 14.87 49.98 44.84 54.38 11.55 48.95 48.45 47.92 45.FI&DAYS90 6002 1047 9019 4008 4020 1803 5001 5005 4002 1450 5004 1201 4096 3997 1060 4103 4105 3811 3996 4057 3804 4097 4099 1030 9054 4108 4100 4101 3995 4106 4135 4136 4137 4153 4107 4154 4138 4000 4059 4109 4119 4420 5023 4112 4113 3015 3020 1031 4096 7028 8 8 8 9 9 9 9 10 10 10 10 10 12 12 12 12 12 12 12 12 12 12 12 12 12 12 12 12 12 12 12 12 12 12 12 12 12 12 12 12 13 13 13 13 13 13 13 13 13 13 Colorado Colorado Colorado Connecticut Connecticut Connecticut Connecticut Delaware Delaware Delaware Delaware Delaware Florida Florida Florida Florida Florida Florida Florida Florida Florida Florida Florida Florida Florida Florida Florida Florida Florida Florida Florida Florida Florida Florida Florida Florida Florida Florida Florida Florida Georgia Georgia Georgia Georgia Georgia Georgia Georgia Georgia Georgia Georgia PUEBLO RIO BLANCO WELD HARTFORD HARTFORD NEW LONDON TOLLAND KENT KENT KENT NEW CASTLE SUSSEX BAY CLAY DADE DADE DUVAL GADSDEN HERNANDO HILLSBOROUGH HILLSBOROUGH JACKSON LEE MARTIN NASSAU OKALOOSA OKALOOSA ORANGE PALM BEACH PALM BEACH POLK POLK POLK ST LUCIE ST LUCIE VOLUSIA VOLUSIA VOLUSIA VOLUSIA VOLUSIA BARTOW BRYAN CAMDEN CAMDEN CAMDEN CANDLER CRISP DAWSON EARLY FRANKLIN 477 1218 686 552 620 399 715 225 231 241 354 205 8 2 0 0 4 9 2 0 0 14 0 0 3 8 12 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 1 1 105 7 3 5 6 11 7 91 12 51 11.59 70.52 57.21 57.52 49.82 49.94 48.09 55.83 48.26 Page 68 .55 48.94 54.67 44.55 55.23 43.01 44.71 51.48 47.88 48.18 56.32 46.43 58.85 48.90 65.

56 44.77 51.83 36.46 37.26 57.23 28.89 44.93 38.91 44.50 Page 69 .51 37.32 49.18 45.95 44.64 47.78 41.42 14.09 21.57 15.30 40.36 30.91 9.94 9.42 26.94 41.34 46.50 31.41 27.51 45.44 48.FI&DAYS90 3019 3016 1005 4111 3007 1004 3017 4093 4092 3011 1001 3018 1008 7080 1003 1006 1005 5025 6027 9034 1009 1010 1021 1020 1001 9032 3023 3017 5849 1003 5020 4082 7937 5453 5217 9327 5843 5854 5869 9267 6050 1002 4074 5908 2008 3002 3030 9020 4021 5538 13 13 13 13 13 13 13 13 13 13 13 13 15 15 15 15 16 16 16 16 16 16 16 16 16 16 16 16 17 17 17 17 17 17 17 17 17 17 17 17 17 17 17 17 18 18 18 18 18 18 Georgia Georgia Georgia Georgia Georgia Georgia Georgia Georgia Georgia Georgia Georgia Georgia Hawaii Hawaii Hawaii Hawaii Idaho Idaho Idaho Idaho Idaho Idaho Idaho Idaho Idaho Idaho Idaho Idaho Illinois Illinois Illinois Illinois Illinois Illinois Illinois Illinois Illinois Illinois Illinois Illinois Illinois Illinois Illinois Illinois Indiana Indiana Indiana Indiana Indiana Indiana HALL HARALSON HOUSTON OCONEE PICKENS SPALDING TALIAFERRO THOMAS THOMAS TREUTLEN WALTON WARREN HAWAII HAWAII MAUI MAUI ADAMS BANNOCK BEAR LAKE BONNER CASSIA JEFFERSON JEFFERSON JEROME KOOTENAI KOOTENAI PAYETTE POWER CHAMPAIGN CLINTON CLINTON CLINTON HENRY JEFFERSON MC LEAN MC LEAN OGLE PEORIA PEORIA ROCK ISLAND ST CLAIR STEPHENSON STEPHENSON WILLIAMSON ALLEN BENTON DELAWARE GRANT HAMILTON LA PORTE 60 67 11 39 103 47 32 4 5 12 26 37 0 0 0 0 923 977 1604 548 701 1278 1347 568 399 461 706 629 843 336 353 377 1041 486 792 792 1095 856 878 1000 461 1065 1065 459 773 892 742 842 788 847 53.40 28.11 37.72 37.19 30.39 40.92 19.58 42.48 10.01 39.85 38.68 37.19 35.92 10.19 11.46 35.87 41.43 39.42 37.29 39.67 10.

04 29.67 42.10 50.69 36.32 42.82 37.41 32.18 48.32 32.16 44.60 41.73 22.10 29.48 47.88 32.27 44.43 47.22 26.70 45.70 39.44 30.37 47.45 45.09 44.92 54.41 31.53 35.08 33.96 45.90 45.62 35.51 Page 70 .22 17.30 32.06 39.19 35.07 35.73 45.19 47.65 45.FI&DAYS90 5528 5022 3003 4042 3031 1037 1028 5518 5043 6049 3006 5046 3055 3033 3028 3009 9126 9116 5042 4054 7073 3015 1010 1005 3013 4053 7085 6026 9037 1009 4063 1034 3016 6043 4025 6040 1010 1014 4001 3056 1012 3013 7023 1026 1009 1028 1001 3014 5807 1632 18 18 18 18 18 18 18 18 18 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 19 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 21 21 21 21 21 21 21 22 22 23 23 23 23 23 23 23 23 24 24 Indiana Indiana Indiana Indiana Indiana Indiana Indiana Indiana Indiana Iowa Iowa Iowa Iowa Iowa Iowa Iowa Iowa Iowa Iowa Kansas Kansas Kansas Kansas Kansas Kansas Kansas Kansas Kansas Kansas Kansas Kansas Kentucky Kentucky Kentucky Kentucky Kentucky Kentucky Kentucky Louisiana Louisiana Maine Maine Maine Maine Maine Maine Maine Maine Maryland Maryland LA PORTE MARION MARSHALL POSEY POSEY SPENCER SPENCER TIPPECANOE VANDERBURGH CEDAR CLINTON FRANKLIN HAMILTON JOHNSON JOHNSON LINN SCOTT WORTH WRIGHT DICKINSON DICKINSON FINNEY FORD FRANKLIN JOHNSON LINCOLN MARSHALL RENO SHAWNEE STAFFORD WYANDOTTE BARREN BULLITT CLAY FAYETTE FAYETTE OWSLEY PIKE LIVINGSTON RAPIDES CUMBERLAND CUMBERLAND CUMBERLAND FRANKLIN LINCOLN OXFORD PENOBSCOT SAGADAHOC ANNE ARUNDEL CALVERT 847 708 867 375 404 300 442 796 358 1101 1037 1466 1400 845 849 1198 973 1680 1458 495 577 554 436 530 469 448 787 439 598 378 507 287 254 279 384 394 307 225 13 31 981 1027 1037 1522 1023 1585 1534 1028 236 152 39.82 45.67 48.42 39.93 56.49 67.60 48.34 32.46 34.33 41.77 44.

53 27.76 31.55 63.70 52.71 54.54 32.75 30.77 49.18 25.75 30.42 33.16 57.35 63.06 27.36 22.90 31.90 24.29 58.33 28.99 46.37 36.24 Page 71 .97 32.47 56.01 27.38 30.73 27.45 30.88 57.13 29.18 28.14 33.89 25.62 33.04 52.33 26.90 25.52 31.23 27.16 55.42 32.22 33.64 56.55 65.00 59.62 61.92 31.31 47.71 27.74 31.FI&DAYS90 2805 2401 1004 1002 1003 3069 3068 1001 1010 1004 9029 9030 5363 1023 6251 1016 4082 4033 4037 1087 3013 4034 1029 4040 1019 1018 1085 3003 6300 1028 4050 9075 7090 6064 5076 4054 4055 3097 5805 3081 3093 3094 3089 3087 2807 3091 5006 5025 3085 3083 24 24 25 25 25 26 26 26 26 26 26 26 26 27 27 27 27 27 27 27 27 27 27 27 27 27 27 27 27 27 27 27 27 27 27 27 27 28 28 28 28 28 28 28 28 28 28 28 28 28 Maryland Maryland Massachusetts Massachusetts Massachusetts Michigan Michigan Michigan Michigan Michigan Michigan Michigan Michigan Minnesota Minnesota Minnesota Minnesota Minnesota Minnesota Minnesota Minnesota Minnesota Minnesota Minnesota Minnesota Minnesota Minnesota Minnesota Minnesota Minnesota Minnesota Minnesota Minnesota Minnesota Minnesota Minnesota Minnesota Mississippi Mississippi Mississippi Mississippi Mississippi Mississippi Mississippi Mississippi Mississippi Mississippi Mississippi Mississippi Mississippi FREDERICK HARFORD BRISTOL HAMPDEN NORFOLK CLARE CLARE CLARE GENESEE HOUGHTON IONIA MONROE WAYNE BELTRAMI BELTRAMI BELTRAMI BLUE EARTH DAKOTA DAKOTA DAKOTA HENNEPIN HENNEPIN ISANTI ITASCA MILLE LACS MORRISON MOWER NICOLLET NOBLES OTTER TAIL POLK RENVILLE SCOTT STEARNS WASHINGTON WINONA WRIGHT DE SOTO HARRISON ITAWAMBA JACKSON JACKSON LAFAYETTE LAFAYETTE LAFAYETTE LAUDERDALE LEE LINCOLN MARSHALL MARSHALL 217 229 395 633 625 1211 1215 1392 978 1709 1009 831 870 2624 2624 2731 1681 1593 1596 1639 1602 1657 2108 2361 1919 2000 1727 1388 1810 2517 2710 1918 1806 2114 1698 1546 2071 114 7 79 11 13 129 134 138 35 102 43 148 150 38.

27 3.17 37.75 67.81 54.06 25.22 43.35 15.74 54.07 11.22 50.84 8.40 25.22 36.28 15.98 37.46 22.07 38.69 55.70 25.69 37.35 15.63 47.09 61.72 16.97 55.59 39.28 31.74 5.23 45.56 11.00 50.54 36.84 17.FI&DAYS90 5803 3082 3090 3099 3019 3018 9030 7012 4024 6067 4036 5483 1002 5473 5091 5081 5058 5000 5413 5403 1008 7073 7054 1010 5393 5047 7076 8129 1001 7088 7066 7075 3018 7017 6702 4019 5052 1030 3023 6701 3028 6700 3033 1030 3013 7000 2027 3010 1020 1021 28 28 28 28 28 28 28 28 28 29 29 29 29 29 29 29 29 29 29 29 29 29 29 29 29 29 30 30 30 30 30 30 31 31 31 31 31 31 31 31 31 31 31 32 32 32 32 32 32 32 Mississippi Mississippi Mississippi Mississippi Mississippi Mississippi Mississippi Mississippi Mississippi Missouri Missouri Missouri Missouri Missouri Missouri Missouri Missouri Missouri Missouri Missouri Missouri Missouri Missouri Missouri Missouri Missouri Montana Montana Montana Montana Montana Montana Nebraska Nebraska Nebraska Nebraska Nebraska Nebraska Nebraska Nebraska Nebraska Nebraska Nebraska Nevada Nevada Nevada Nevada Nevada Nevada Nevada MARSHALL MONTGOMERY PANOLA SCOTT TISHOMINGO TISHOMINGO WARREN WARREN WASHINGTON CARTER CLAY CLAY COLE COOPER DAVIESS DAVIESS DAVIESS DAVIESS DUNKLIN DUNKLIN JASPER LIVINGSTON NEWTON PULASKI ST CHARLES ST LOUIS BIG HORN GOLDEN VALLEY JUDITH BASIN SWEET GRASS SWEET GRASS YELLOWSTONE BUFFALO CEDAR CHEYENNE DAKOTA DOUGLAS FURNAS HALL HALL LANCASTER PHELPS PIERCE CLARK ELKO ELKO ELKO ELKO MINERAL WASHOE 174 94 126 32 148 150 28 37 62 342 568 569 382 543 874 874 876 876 188 207 66 640 309 396 542 549 1160 1121 1094 840 841 1092 844 1253 853 1256 1040 716 779 965 788 741 885 5 626 655 860 1070 200 230 56.48 8.33 55.95 6.31 Page 72 .19 37.23 36.90 22.24 26.84 56.56 39.95 24.88 56.24 36.09 24.18 5.01 17.59 28.

91 49.23 44.87 54.35 19.57 43.25 41.77 56.96 44.58 53.71 40.62 Page 73 .07 15.92 45.06 44.33 48.37 44.74 47.18 43.27 11.83 9.89 44.53 43.19 14.87 46.88 44.43 45.09 44.57 48.58 12.09 19.05 15.56 45.42 44.69 42.28 45.46 51.27 48.62 38.79 16.11 20.88 44.46 36.99 43.30 45.79 16.55 10.58 44.78 48.FI&DAYS90 1001 4042 1034 1638 1033 6057 1030 1003 6401 6035 1112 3010 1002 2118 1022 1005 6033 4017 1008 1011 4018 1644 5037 1801 1992 2824 3008 1645 3807 3816 3044 1817 1802 2819 1024 1803 1814 2825 1040 3011 5827 1352 5826 1006 5002 2001 3005 3006 3801 3013 33 34 34 34 34 34 34 35 35 35 35 35 35 35 35 35 35 36 36 36 36 36 37 37 37 37 37 37 37 37 37 37 37 37 37 37 37 37 37 37 37 37 37 37 38 38 38 38 39 39 New Hampshire New Jersey New Jersey New Jersey New Jersey New Jersey New Jersey New Mexico New Mexico New Mexico New Mexico New Mexico New Mexico New Mexico New Mexico New Mexico New Mexico New York New York New York New York New York North Carolina North Carolina North Carolina North Carolina North Carolina North Carolina North Carolina North Carolina North Carolina North Carolina North Carolina North Carolina North Carolina North Carolina North Carolina North Carolina North Carolina North Carolina North Carolina North Carolina North Carolina North Carolina North Dakota North Dakota North Dakota North Dakota Ohio Ohio MERRIMACK BURLINGTON GLOUCESTER GLOUCESTER HUNTERDON MERCER PASSAIC CHAVES CIBOLA CIBOLA LEA LEA LINCOLN QUAY SAN JUAN SANTA FE SOCORRO ALLEGANY ONEIDA ONONDAGA OTSEGO ST LAWRENCE BUNCOMBE BUNCOMBE CHATHAM CHATHAM CLEVELAND COLUMBUS DAVIDSON DURHAM DURHAM FORSYTH GRANVILLE GUILFORD JACKSON JACKSON MACON MECKLENBURG MITCHELL NASH ROCKINGHAM STANLY SURRY WAKE CASS GRAND FORKS NELSON PIERCE BELMONT BROWN 1027 310 231 235 395 348 698 107 215 277 93 93 108 195 465 245 113 1028 1051 830 1065 1757 150 164 9 103 52 39 95 82 97 86 85 86 120 171 127 42 289 101 160 68 171 76 2339 2623 2481 2675 458 478 39.38 18.51 16.

36 40.13 46.40 43.72 33.20 39.25 39.95 Page 74 .91 41.FI&DAYS90 9006 4031 4018 5003 5010 7021 4163 4162 4086 4154 4087 4088 6010 4164 4165 4157 5021 3018 4166 4160 4158 4155 7025 7019 5022 5021 6011 7018 5005 7081 5006 5008 6012 2002 1691 1608 1606 3044 9027 7025 1614 1627 1598 1613 1599 7037 1623 1690 1617 5020 39 39 39 39 39 39 40 40 40 40 40 40 40 40 40 40 40 40 40 40 40 40 41 41 41 41 41 41 41 41 41 41 41 41 42 42 42 42 42 42 42 42 42 42 42 42 42 42 42 42 Ohio Ohio Ohio Ohio Ohio Ohio Oklahoma Oklahoma Oklahoma Oklahoma Oklahoma Oklahoma Oklahoma Oklahoma Oklahoma Oklahoma Oklahoma Oklahoma Oklahoma Oklahoma Oklahoma Oklahoma Oregon Oregon Oregon Oregon Oregon Oregon Oregon Oregon Oregon Oregon Oregon Oregon Pennsylvania Pennsylvania Pennsylvania Pennsylvania Pennsylvania Pennsylvania Pennsylvania Pennsylvania Pennsylvania Pennsylvania Pennsylvania Pennsylvania Pennsylvania Pennsylvania Pennsylvania Pennsylvania CLINTON FRANKLIN GREENE LORAIN MAHONING WOOD BLAINE COMANCHE GRADY GRADY JACKSON KAY LE FLORE MAJOR MAJOR MAYES MAYES OKLAHOMA PITTSBURG PONTOTOC WASHINGTON WASHINGTON DOUGLAS JACKSON LANE LANE LINN LINN LINN UMATILLA UNION UNION WASCO WASHINGTON BEAVER BEDFORD BEDFORD BERKS BERKS CAMBRIA CENTRE CLEARFIELD CUMBERLAND DELAWARE ELK JEFFERSON LYCOMING LYCOMING MONTGOMERY MONTGOMERY 621 562 650 656 772 735 212 163 168 212 150 321 124 291 311 65 253 198 99 157 144 252 27 45 47 49 39 49 60 223 379 382 155 58 547 592 703 428 587 594 898 930 432 327 903 776 541 633 364 389 41.26 43.46 38.87 40.21 45.92 33.84 38.13 42.15 48.79 40.42 66.98 49.62 47.45 37.93 37.76 16.57 34.24 45.61 6.46 44.62 42.41 44.36 37.40 31.21 39.79 31.14 41.96 16.54 47.48 36.65 33.32 47.56 43.67 28.47 38.38 20.66 44.60 40.28 37.38 44.86 25.05 40.72 41.

82 53.33 49.99 31.09 21.45 44.35 45.99 44.49 33.58 23.36 47.55 40.26 15.22 21.50 55.27 Page 75 .20 33.73 54.26 52.99 14.49 22.10 38.80 44.26 21.15 43.FI&DAYS90 1605 1618 1597 1610 7401 1011 5034 3012 5035 1025 1024 1008 5017 7019 3009 5025 9197 3052 3013 5020 3012 9187 5040 3053 9106 3010 7049 3108 3101 9025 3075 2001 2008 1028 3109 6015 3110 6022 9024 3104 3669 3679 1093 2133 9005 1094 5026 1178 3729 5323 42 42 42 42 44 45 45 45 45 45 45 45 45 45 46 46 46 46 46 46 46 46 46 46 46 46 46 47 47 47 47 47 47 47 47 47 47 47 47 47 48 48 48 48 48 48 48 48 48 48 Pennsylvania Pennsylvania Pennsylvania Pennsylvania Rhode Island South Carolina South Carolina South Carolina South Carolina South Carolina South Carolina South Carolina South Carolina South Carolina South Dakota South Dakota South Dakota South Dakota South Dakota South Dakota South Dakota South Dakota South Dakota South Dakota South Dakota South Dakota South Dakota Tennessee Tennessee Tennessee Tennessee Tennessee Tennessee Tennessee Tennessee Tennessee Tennessee Tennessee Tennessee Tennessee Texas Texas Texas Texas Texas Texas Texas Texas Texas Texas NORTHUMBERLAND SOMERSET TIOGA YORK PROVIDENCE CHARLESTON DARLINGTON FAIRFIELD FLORENCE GREENWOOD LEXINGTON OCONEE RICHLAND SPARTANBURG CODINGTON JACKSON JERAULD KINGSBURY LAWRENCE LAWRENCE MEADE MEADE MINNEHAHA PENNINGTON PERKINS ROBERTS YANKTON ANDERSON CANNON CANNON DE KALB DYER GIBSON HAWKINS MAURY MC MINN MC MINN PUTNAM RUTHERFORD UNION ANGELINA ANGELINA ATASCOSA BELL BEXAR BEXAR BRAZORIA BURLESON CAMERON CARSON 609 492 1015 407 681 9 29 48 26 59 15 61 36 49 1953 1036 1527 1720 1089 1115 1061 1605 1651 1135 1750 1736 1400 187 174 174 236 256 226 194 241 176 178 277 233 161 29 41 11 44 13 16 16 54 4 250 43.68 45.44 54.75 21.07 45.53 53.67 29.06 52.69 17.35 25.50 56.91 46.74 25.89 55.71 45.52 52.72 59.71 42.58 31.41 26.74 17.84 23.53 53.25 23.33 57.96 44.29 16.

23 20.23 59.25 22.47 31.33 36.24 21.83 45.84 39.07 57.47 58.39 36.01 35.58 15.29 19.22 51.59 47.14 50.26 60.08 17.72 23.90 45.FI&DAYS90 1047 1046 4146 3010 1119 3629 5024 3845 5035 3003 6079 3749 3779 9355 1039 3699 2108 1183 5154 5335 1050 1130 2176 1077 7165 3569 4142 3719 4143 3739 1068 4152 6086 1096 1092 5278 3865 5328 1049 9167 1174 1056 1065 6160 6179 3689 5336 1060 1113 1116 48 48 48 48 48 48 48 48 48 48 48 48 48 48 48 48 48 48 48 48 48 48 48 48 48 48 48 48 48 48 48 48 48 48 48 48 48 48 48 48 48 48 48 48 48 48 48 48 48 48 Texas Texas Texas Texas Texas Texas Texas Texas Texas Texas Texas Texas Texas Texas Texas Texas Texas Texas Texas Texas Texas Texas Texas Texas Texas Texas Texas Texas Texas Texas Texas Texas Texas Texas Texas Texas Texas Texas Texas Texas Texas Texas Texas Texas Texas Texas Texas Texas Texas Texas CARSON CARSON CHAMBERS CHAMBERS CHEROKEE COLORADO COLORADO COOKE DALLAS DALLAS DEAF SMITH DUVAL EL PASO ELLIS ELLIS FORT BEND GALVESTON GARZA GONZALES GRAY GRIMES GUADALUPE HALE HALL HARRIS HOPKINS JASPER JEFFERSON JEFFERSON KENEDY LAMAR LIBERTY LIVE OAK MEDINA MEDINA MIDLAND MILLS MONTAGUE NACOGDOCHES NAVARRO NUECES OCHILTREE OLDHAM PARMER PARMER POLK RANDALL REFUGIO RUSK RUSK 253 258 12 12 47 14 27 110 62 63 197 10 19 48 63 14 6 140 15 233 27 14 190 182 6 79 22 4 8 6 97 13 6 12 17 60 43 98 37 44 3 316 301 185 197 37 243 6 38 49 22.04 36.58 Page 76 .00 18.77 34.52 23.18 54.35 41.83 18.09 19.06 46.89 50.00 38.15 33.03 23.99 22.85 39.80 26.60 36.85 10.90 27.73 33.16 37.36 33.67 25.21 17.74 41.99 45.31 48.83 48.

73 7.91 37.20 34.92 17.50 8.42 19.98 18.26 10.78 46.80 12.84 22.49 45.07 39.26 47.00 42.57 51.77 43.40 45.47 8.73 22.90 6.70 46.76 30.22 45.75 27.61 6.18 41.62 44.45 13.42 45.54 39.95 33.16 37.98 32.26 13.89 38.27 42.38 43.31 41.96 11.29 44.42 43.02 34.22 9.63 25.52 44.67 10.45 9.41 9.FI&DAYS90 1169 3875 1087 5287 5317 5274 5284 5283 5301 1076 1 3579 3559 5334 3589 5310 1168 7082 1007 1005 1004 3010 3011 3015 1001 1006 1017 1008 7083 1002 1683 1681 1004 2021 2564 1417 1002 5010 5009 5008 2004 1023 1419 1423 1464 1005 3019 1007 6020 3813 48 48 48 48 48 48 48 48 48 48 48 48 48 48 48 48 48 49 49 49 49 49 49 49 49 49 49 49 49 50 50 50 50 51 51 51 51 51 51 51 51 51 51 51 51 53 53 53 53 53 Texas Texas Texas Texas Texas Texas Texas Texas Texas Texas Texas Texas Texas Texas Texas Texas Texas Utah Utah Utah Utah Utah Utah Utah Utah Utah Utah Utah Utah Vermont Vermont Vermont Vermont Virginia Virginia Virginia Virginia Virginia Virginia Virginia Virginia Virginia Virginia Virginia Virginia Washington Washington Washington Washington Washington RUSK SHERMAN SMITH TARRANT TARRANT TARRANT TARRANT TARRANT TARRANT TERRY TRAVIS VAN ZANDT WALKER WHEELER WILBARGER WISE WOOD BOX ELDER CARBON DAVIS GARFIELD IRON JUAB SALT LAKE SAN JUAN SANPETE SEVIER SEVIER SEVIER ADDISON CHITTENDEN CHITTENDEN GRAND ISLE CARROLL CHESAPEAKE CITY FAUQUIER FLOYD HENRICO HENRICO NORFOLK CITY PITTSYLVANIA PRINCE GEORGE RUSSELL WISE YORK ADAMS BENTON BENTON CHELAN CLARK 54 368 65 67 68 68 86 86 93 145 47 80 27 240 106 80 73 759 537 466 655 566 513 415 249 607 499 612 924 1379 1567 1571 1185 164 79 268 305 128 136 86 121 146 274 259 170 532 215 307 404 52 47.29 Page 77 .

62 35.91 35.93 6.49 29.70 20.94 28.51 31.07 47.32 46.00 44.27 32.35 10.94 16.47 33.33 31.87 6.59 16.44 Page 78 .59 31.19 14.63 33.40 43.09 29.27 7.47 41.84 8.95 6.93 13.04 11.59 12.08 16.36 7.96 36.44 39.85 19.65 10.FI&DAYS90 1801 1002 3014 3812 6049 1006 6048 3013 1008 3011 6056 7322 7409 4003 4004 5007 1640 7008 5037 6355 6352 6354 6353 3015 3012 3019 5040 3010 3009 3014 3016 2017 2019 6031 7772 2015 6029 2018 7773 1007 2020 3027 2037 7775 6032 53 53 53 53 53 53 53 53 53 53 53 53 53 54 54 54 54 54 55 55 55 55 55 55 55 55 55 55 55 55 55 56 56 56 56 56 56 56 56 56 56 56 56 56 56 Washington Washington Washington Washington Washington Washington Washington Washington Washington Washington Washington Washington Washington West Virginia West Virginia West Virginia West Virginia West Virginia Wisconsin Wisconsin Wisconsin Wisconsin Wisconsin Wisconsin Wisconsin Wisconsin Wisconsin Wisconsin Wisconsin Wisconsin Wisconsin Wyoming Wyoming Wyoming Wyoming Wyoming Wyoming Wyoming Wyoming Wyoming Wyoming Wyoming Wyoming Wyoming Wyoming CLARK COLUMBIA FRANKLIN KING KING OKANOGAN SNOHOMISH SPOKANE SPOKANE WHATCOM WHITMAN WHITMAN YAKIMA BOONE FAYETTE HARRISON KANAWHA KANAWHA BARRON DANE IOWA IOWA IOWA MARQUETTE PIERCE SAWYER SHEBOYGAN SHEBOYGAN SHEBOYGAN WALWORTH WAUSHARA CAMPBELL CAMPBELL FREMONT HOT SPRINGS LARAMIE LINCOLN NATRONA NATRONA PARK SHERIDAN SWEETWATER SWEETWATER SWEETWATER TETON 76 401 325 29 49 617 58 624 632 97 380 483 321 286 350 523 251 354 1954 1352 1363 1411 1447 1346 1718 2278 941 976 996 1165 1316 1167 1276 1625 1083 810 1720 1142 1163 1066 1155 1317 1540 1888 1885 84.58 43.42 28.44 9.54 9.16 17.05 18.98 32.57 16.61 37.

FI&DAYS90 DAYS90 58 39 47 41 58 66 39 51 42 50 49 60 65 56 0 0 0 0 175 173 173 170 89 79 37 90 93 111 111 61 37 63 67 40 56 56 64 55 57 57 58 62 58 71 65 Page 79 .

FI&DAYS90 57 73 0 1 0 167 167 113 95 69 60 22 33 2 87 105 106 101 94 159 149 58 20 7 61 70 60 70 70 3 22 11 90 32 29 74 69 25 30 29 78 78 45 0 33 33 17 41 50 9 Page 80 .

FI&DAYS90 56 40 27 9 8 1 4 23 26 25 16 15 71 47 41 55 53 63 82 99 105 76 97 50 50 84 72 87 62 66 114 114 114 60 65 55 52 67 71 72 34 73 52 56 54 72 96 17 94 27 Page 81 .

FI&DAYS90 20 38 68 48 16 34 47 99 87 79 47 51 4 5 1 1 41 29 6 6 25 15 19 45 14 17 48 46 20 32 30 30 15 32 16 16 14 19 18 15 31 17 17 28 12 15 11 9 13 9 Page 82 .

FI&DAYS90 10 12 14 33 34 38 23 12 34 15 14 13 12 30 26 15 11 11 13 50 55 51 61 46 28 37 41 62 34 64 33 28 40 9 14 12 28 35 71 83 3 3 2 2 1 1 2 3 24 22 Page 83 .

FI&DAYS90 31 35 5 10 6 5 5 5 6 2 8 9 9 4 4 4 17 12 12 12 12 11 7 4 10 10 10 16 14 6 7 13 10 8 9 9 10 49 57 57 38 36 54 58 54 59 58 57 49 49 Page 84 .

FI&DAYS90 42 36 53 60 55 56 67 64 77 43 37 38 38 42 25 25 25 25 52 58 68 37 40 36 30 34 23 24 7 28 28 24 35 28 36 23 24 52 31 34 37 59 29 129 46 45 45 14 64 36 Page 85 .

FI&DAYS90 7 19 18 18 16 15 4 72 30 17 75 75 36 65 6 21 58 1 4 5 2 0 5 6 33 30 37 47 32 30 29 30 43 29 8 6 11 41 0 38 23 44 20 27 14 8 9 14 11 12 Page 86 .

FI&DAYS90 8 11 11 12 5 20 59 71 81 63 92 69 69 76 73 71 52 64 66 68 69 69 14 43 9 10 10 10 13 28 22 23 17 12 8 8 4 12 10 13 1 1 12 15 3 1 11 6 14 15 Page 87 .

FI&DAYS90 6 9 1 16 5 44 55 49 55 49 74 23 54 31 14 53 27 21 20 31 7 36 21 8 24 19 28 19 43 42 21 42 42 14 39 27 28 21 39 17 85 85 124 91 105 92 61 99 113 59 Page 88 .

FI&DAYS90 56 55 75 74 76 102 111 80 92 94 62 122 98 94 95 88 15 75 100 61 90 103 58 85 76 72 77 64 71 117 78 85 110 113 103 92 85 85 79 87 116 73 50 53 56 89 52 96 72 71 Page 89 .

FI&DAYS90 69 51 75 89 93 87 89 90 85 78 120 72 89 74 101 81 69 51 33 40 14 16 57 44 75 43 30 43 28 1 1 1 4 21 21 20 3 35 39 28 48 53 8 6 33 25 35 34 29 8 Page 90 .

FI&DAYS90 10 32 36 2 4 33 2 15 14 0 20 11 31 23 3 9 20 12 6 14 14 12 12 10 8 3 7 7 8 12 13 33 22 23 34 18 4 22 10 10 25 5 7 6 3 Page 91 .