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SELF-EFFICACY & SRL

Mohammed Alshawaf Abdullah Alsoedan

Self-efficacy
• Self-efficacy is the measure of one's own ability to complete tasks and reach goals.
A. B. C. D. Mastery Experience. Vicarious Experience. Verbal and Social Persuasion. Physiological and Affective States.

Mastery Experience
• To have successful experiences, students must have good modelling. Teachers should use methods like guided practice and examples that demonstrate exactly how to create and obtains a goal.

Vicarious Experience
• Observing succes (but also failure)of others influences the own self-efficacy. Trough social comparison, abilities of others are recognized as own capabilities.

Verbal and Social Persuasion
• As the old saying goes, “it’s not what you say, it’s how you say it”. While this likely underestimates the importance of good verbal persuasion techniques, it is accurate in underlining the critical role of non-verbal behaviour during face-to-face communication.

Physiological and Affective States
• Make sure your students are not hungry, tired and sickness because that will reduce the out come for the lesson.

Self regulated learning
• Self-regulated learning (SRL) is learning that is guided by metacognition (thinking about one's thinking), strategic action (planning, monitoring, and evaluating personal progress against a standard), and motivation to learn.

Self regulated learning
• Self regulated learners are successful because they control their learning environment.

Self-regulated learning
• specified three important characteristics of selfregulated learning: 1. self-observation (monitoring one's activities); seen as the most important of these processes 2. self-judgment (self-evaluation of one's performance) and 3. self-reactions (reactions to performance outcomes).

Self-regulated learning
• Involving stages:
1. Zimmerman suggested that self-regulated learning process better with three stages. 2. Forethought, learners' preparing work before performance on their studying; 3. Volitional control, which is also called "performance control", occurs in the learning process. It involves learners attention and willpower; 4. Self-reflection, happens in the final stage when learners review their performance toward final goals. At the same time, focusing on their learning strategies during the process is also efficient for their final outcomes.

Self-regulated learning
• Examples of self regulated learning strategies in practice:
     Self-Assessment Wrapper Activity Think Aloud Questioning Reciprocal Teaching

Self-regulated learning
• Sources of Self-Regulated Learning According to Iran-Nejad and Chissom, there are three sources of self-regulated learning: active/executive, dynamic, and interest-creating discovery model (1992).