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National Power Corporation

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TITLE: SAFETY PLAN 2.1 SAFETY PROCEDURES AND INSTRUCTIONS This Manual prescribes the requirements that must be complied with by the various NPC organizations in the development of procedures, instructions and/or guidelines that will govern and control the safety activities. 2.1.1 Procedures and Instructions Procedures/instructions shall be prepared, reviewed and revised by the concerned personnel and concurred and approved by officials of the concerned organizations. Each procedure and instruction may be revised as the need arises to upgrade the existing Safety Program. Ideally, these procedures should be reviewed at least once a year. 2.1.2 Implementation Procedures/Instructions shall take effect 10 days after approval by the proper authority. Strict compliance thereto shall be maintained to attain the objectives of the safety program. Effective implementation of the approved procedures/instructions shall be verified by QASD/ESD-TMS through audit activities. 2.1.3 Control and Distribution of Safety Procedures/Instructions Original copies of all procedures/instructions shall be maintained by the originating group for safekeeping and audit purposes. Duplicate copies shall be furnished the QASD/ESD-TMS. Organizations which initiated the preparation of procedures/instructions shall be responsible for the distribution and control of these documents. Copies of all new and revised procedures/instructions for implementation shall be distributed and acknowledged by the controlled copyholders.

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2.2

SAFETY TRAINING AND ORIENTATION A continuing safety training and orientation program to promote safety awareness and to inculcate safe working habits and practices among the employees shall be implemented corporate-wide. The program shall consist of the following aspects of safety: a. b. c. Safety orientation and initial training for new employees; Performance improvement for existing personnel; and Methods/techniques in updating and sustaining the performance improvement programs.

The Training and Development Department (TDD-HR), which is responsible for the training needs of the Corporation, shall develop the objectives, course outline and contents, and determine other logistical requirements for conducting different safety training programs in coordination and consultation with the functional groups and/or Safety Officers. The training needs must be reviewed at least once a year. 2.2.1 Safety Orientation and Initial Training for New Employees Safety orientation shall be given to all newly-hired employees regardless of previous work experience. This familiarization training shall include, but not limited to, the following subjects: a. b. c. d. e. Proper conduct and attitude towards safety; Emergency procedures; Accident reporting; Personal protective equipment; and Health and sanitation.

The new employee shall be indoctrinated further by his/her immediate supervisor on safety practices as they relate to his/her job. These include, but are not limited to, the following: a. b. c. d. e. f. Existing occupational hazards; Machine guarding, safety signs and other equipment safeguards; Application of different PPE; Emergency preparedness; Safety tagging and equipment clearance; Good housekeeping; and Land transport safety.

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2.2.2

Performance Improvement Training for Employees 2.2.2.1 General Employee Training on Safety Practices As part of the Corporation’s objective to maintain safety awareness, employees shall be given additional on–the– job safety training through periodic attendance in safety meetings that shall be determined and scheduled by the immediate supervisor or the Safety and Health Committee Chairman. The meeting shall include discussions on safety matters as they relate to the day– to–day activities. Topics for discussion shall include, but not limited to the following: a. b. c. d. e. f. g. h. Review of accidents caused by similar types of equipment or operation; Introduction to new types of equipment, their operating characteristics and safety features; New safety equipment/products and their uses; Precautionary measures to be observed on crucial and critical jobs; Any unsafe practices and unsafe equipment conditions. Dissemination of important safety information brought to the supervisor’s attention; Orientation of the different PPE, their specific applications and proper maintenance; and Review of first–aid, emergency equipment and procedures.

2.2.2.2

Training for Managers/Supervisors The immediate job of accident prevention and control of work–related hazards fall upon the supervisor. An in– house basic safety course for supervisors shall be developed and implemented by TDD in coordination with the functional group and shall be focused on the acceptance and understanding of respective functions. The objectives of the training shall be the following: a. b. c. To establish the manager/supervisor as the key person in preventing accidents; To enable the manager/supervisor to understand the nature of his safety duties; To provide manager/supervisors with information on the causes of accidents and occupational health hazards, and the methods of their prevention;

4 Training for Specialized Operations In cases where operations have a relatively high degree of hazard. 0 Page 4 of 66 d. Such specialized operations shall include. j.2.5 Training for CRTs The TDD. g.CHAPTER 2 SAFETY PLAN REV. a more specialized training program shall be provided in order to enable the workers to identify prevailing occupational hazards and institute safety precautions. k. shall be responsible for the development of the training program for the emergency response personnel to ensure that these personnel are capable of performing their .2. d. f. and To help the manager/supervisor implement safety practices in his area of responsibilities. To help the manager/supervisor gain skill in safety activities. 2. Storage. Emergency preparedness Confined space work Underwater special operations like scuba diving Heavy equipment operation Pollution control and oil spill combating activities. (For further discussion. h. 2. This is acquired through completion of special accreditation courses for safety practitioners conducted by NPC and other external agencies. but not limited to the following: a. Driving corporate–owned and rented/hired vehicles. To develop his problem–solving ability based on his own and other’s experiences. High – voltage/Hot line maintenance activities Hot and Cold works operations.2. e. Extreme temperature/pressure operations in thermal or geothermal plants.2. refer to Chapter 8). as they apply to accident prevention.2. Handling and safeguarding radioactive materials. handling and disposal of chemical compounds and toxic/hazardous materials. in coordination with QASD/ESD-TMS. 2. c.3 Training for Safety Officers Safety Officers shall possess the expertise in all aspects of loss control management to effectively discharge their safety functions. f.2. e. i. Training shall be the primary responsibility of the manager or supervisor concerned. b.

surveillance. 2. and appropriate remedial (emergency and non-emergency) measures. Emergency operations. 4.CHAPTER 2 SAFETY PLAN REV. Dam Safety Discussion of basic typical design considerations for various types of construction. Retraining shall be The training program shall include table drills and practical drills in which each individual shall participate and demonstrate the ability to perform his assigned emergency functions. Exercises b) Upon completion of the initial safety training at a new project. 6. 0 Page 5 of 66 respective emergency functions. and reporting procedures. During the practical drills/scenario.6 Dam Safety Training Plant personnel must be trained in problem detection. and reporting procedures. conducted annually. evaluation. on-the-spot assessment/correction of erroneous performance shall be made and a demonstration of the proper performance shall be given to the individual. Project specific features and history of problems and potential problems.2. EAP exercises shall be programmed and conducted based on the most probable emergency situations that might occur on each major dam feature. All new employees and contractor personnel shall have an orientation/training shortly after starting duty and refresher trainings as determined by the Plant Manager/Safety Officer. Dam safety features in design and construction. Normal operation. 2. monitoring. All formal trainings shall be documented.2. monitoring. surveillance. 3. The training program shall address the following items: a) 1. Procedures for monitoring potential problem areas. Operations and Maintenance personnel shall be retrained every 4 years. The Plant Manager/ Safety Officer must ensure that a sufficient number of personnel are trained to assure adequate coverage at all times. 5. .

different materials. publications. displays and exhibits. if any or a combination of the following conditions occurs: a. and suggestion systems. course objectives/contents. in coordination with the Safety Officers.3 Refresher Courses Refresher courses shall be conducted. 2. but not limited to the following: meetings. contests.5 Training Records All training sessions shall be appropriately documented to include date of attendance.2.4 Training Schedule Annually.3 SAFETY PROMOTION Motivational tools that shall be used to promote safety shall include. The safety promotion shall complement the public information program of the Corporate Communication Division. 2.2.1 Meetings Periodic meetings shall be conducted by the plant/installation/project safety officers. posters.CHAPTER 2 SAFETY PLAN REV. 2. as well as test results. lists of attendees and resource speakers. 2. Certificate of Attendance/Completion shall form part of the personnel 201 file. supervisors and employees. results/feedbacks on the conduct of the seminar.2. and When product design changes. or new machines necessitate changes in work methods. shall prepare a training inventory on critical and specialized work activities and the personnel to be trained and submit to TDD the proposed safety training schedule/program. c. When injuries resulting from a specific operations are frequent. in the manner described as follows: . When an individual or a group begins to exhibit a fairly steady record of poor safety performance. The Vice–Presidents shall provide the budgetary outlay for the implementation of the safety promotion campaign in their respective functional groups. each installation/plant/project head. 0 Page 6 of 66 2.3. b.

Introduction of new safety equipment/ techniques.3.3. e. The topics shall include. 2. This meeting shall include a system for follow–up. Announcement of an exceptionally good plant safety performance record. e. d. c.1. Job to be done Required equipment/tools and materials Personal protective equipment/safety paraphernalia needed Assignment of each worker/team Review of work plan. e. 2. Presentation of safety awards/recognition. c. Report of injuries that occurred since the last meeting Results of safety inspections Latest standing on safety contests Discussion of safety practices that need improvement Safety accident prevention subject.3 Tool Box Meeting A toolbox meeting shall be conducted by the concerned foreman/supervisor prior to the performance of critical or hazardous work. workforce and procedures to be followed 2.2 Supervisor’s Meeting A supervisor meeting shall be conducted periodically to discuss the following safety–related matters: a. d. 0 Page 7 of 66 2.CHAPTER 2 SAFETY PLAN REV. responsibility for . but not limited to the following: a.1 General Meeting A general meeting shall be held for special purposes as follows: a.1.3. b.4 Corporate Safety Meeting An annual corporate safety meeting shall be convened by QASD/TMS to be attended by representatives from the different functional group Safety Officers. Announcement of new Corporate Safety Programs and Policies. b. d.3. c.1. Launching of safety contests/competitions and other promotional campaigns.1. An outside resource person may be invited to handle the presentation. b.

2 Publications Publications on safety shall be in the form of reports.CHAPTER 2 SAFETY PLAN REV.1 Safety Rules and Regulations Handbook/Booklets The QASD-TMS. 2. in coordination with the QASD-TMS and the Safety Officers. handbooks/booklets and leaflets on specific subjects. 2. verification of action completed. to impress people with the . 0 Page 8 of 66 remedial action. Posters/Banners Posters shall be strategically placed in each plant/project/installation/office to remind employees of common human traits. newsletters.3. safety rules and regulations. time frames for completion and method of reporting progress in subsequent meetings. 2. identification of records needed.3.2. shall publish in the corporate newsletter safety related topics such as safety contests.2. reminders to employees regarding safe work practices. 2.3. This Corporate Safety Code shall serve as a guide for all NPC employees and shall be used in conjunction with this Corporate Safety and Contingency Plan Manual.2.3.3 Leaflets To ensure compliance with the NPC Safety Code and stimulate safety consciousness/practice within a particular region/area.2. 2. booklets/leaflets covering specific topics shall be developed and regularly circulated to all concerned employees.2 Safety Articles The Corporate Communication Division (CorCom). causes and prevention of accidents or various hazards. and the safety program. The Safety Officers of the plants/installations/projects shall be the main contributors to the newsletter.4 Posters and Bulletin Boards a. The booklet shall be approved for implementation by the NPC President and shall be disseminated to all employees. with the assistance of the Safety Officers and in consultation with all concerned NPC offices shall develop/revise the Corporate Safety Code.3.

to suggest behavior patterns that help prevent accidents. tools and firefighting equipment can be displayed on bulletin boards depending on their size. The Safety & Health Committee shall determine the appropriate type. located in a well-lighted place attractively painted. 2005-39 (03 November 2005). . Environment and Enercon (SEE) Awards. Display and Exhibits Personal protective devices. b. and to remind employees of specific hazards. and glass covered. theme and style of presenting displays and exhibits to reflect its safety achievement. objective or slogan.3 Contests NPC shall launch a corporate safety contest in accordance with NPC Circular No. attitudes. All suggestions shall be acknowledged and resolved promptly to increase the interest of the employees and to establish a spirit of recognition and consultation.3. Revised Guidelines Governing NPC Corporate Safety. Written suggestions may be submitted through appropriately located suggestion boxes.CHAPTER 2 SAFETY PLAN REV. to inspire a friendly interest in the corporate efforts to foster the attitude that accidents are mistakes and that safety is a mark of skill. 0 Page 9 of 66 good sense of working safely. Suggestion Box System Good suggestions on accident prevention shall be solicited from all employees. 2. Bulletin Boards Safety bulletin boards shall be strategically located in each plant/project/installation/office. Any program of mutual interest to company and employees may be posted on the bulletin board. c. Bulletin boards shall be centered at eye level (about 63 inches from the floor). d.

messages and exchange of information. shall be conducted at least annually.3. A full-scale exercise. verify the adequacy of methods used in the emergency procedures.4. and develop and maintain key skills in emergency operations. Medical Emergency Drills A medical emergency drill involving the participation of offsite medical treatment facility and local support 2.CHAPTER 2 SAFETY PLAN REV. test communication system.3. Safety Drills Periodic exercises and drills shall be conducted in compliance with the Occupational Safety & Health Standards and Fire Code of the Philippines to test the integrated capability and to verify the emergency awareness/preparedness of all participating organizations and agencies. equipments and supplies.1 . simulating events or scenarios resulting from all classes of an emergency to the extent requiring response by offsite authorities. Exercises will be conducted under a variety of weather conditions.4 Drills The Chairman of the CRTs and Team Leaders are responsible for developing and implementing an emergency preparedness/awareness program consisting of the following 1) 2) 3) Periodic Exercises and Drills Regular review of emergency planning documents and Periodic inspection and maintenance of facilities. 0 Page 10 of 66 2. check the availability of emergency supplies and equipment. Each drill or exercise shall be conducted to ensure that participants are familiar and aware with their duties and responsibilities. 3. The following drills shall be conducted at the incidences indicated below. verify the operability of emergency equipment. The drills shall be designed to test the understanding of codes. Fire and Earthquake Drills Each drill shall be conducted at least once a year in accordance with approved procedures. Some exercises will be unannounced. 1. Communication Drills Communication with local emergency response organizations shall be tested quarterly. 2.

Such drills shall be in accordance with approved procedures. The offsite portion of the medical drill shall be performed as part of the required yearly exercise. period. Scenarios and Assessment/Evaluation The scenario to be used in the drill/exercise will be different every year to guarantee that all major elements of the plan are tested. a formal assessment/evaluation will be prepared which 6. develop or maintain skills in emergency preparedness of the organization. rescue of personnel/victims and use of protective equipment. 6. A critique will be scheduled at the conclusion of each exercise to evaluate CRTs’ ability to respond as required in the procedures. Oil Spill Drills An oil spill drill/exercise shall be conducted annually addressing different scenario to maintain the emergency preparedness of the organization. Such drills are considered part of the ongoing training and shall be in accordance with approved procedures. 4. 5. evaluate/assess and critique the required exercises. 3. 0 Page 11 of 66 agencies shall be conducted once a year. as a minimum. It will include. A narrative summary describing the conduct of the exercise or drill to include such things as simulated casualties. and A description of the arrangements and advance materials to be provided/used by the official observers who are assigned to observe. The basic objective(s) of each drill/exercise and appropriate assessment/evaluation criteria.CHAPTER 2 SAFETY PLAN REV. the following elements: 1. offsite fire department assistance. place(s) and participating organization and agencies. 2. A time schedule of real and simulated initiating events. The date(s). From this critique. 5. time. The simulated events. 4. Dam Emergency Drills A Dam Emergency Drill shall be conducted annually to test. .

and elevators Control room instruments Governors Protective system and interlocks Valves Electrical and mechanical equipment Chain and sling Crane runways Fire protection and alarm systems Grinders Battery rooms Switchyard Control/computer rooms Fuel storage tanks Electrical and mechanical equipment . 2. etc. injuries and accidents. 2.CHAPTER 2 SAFETY PLAN REV. In every drill/exercise conducted. The Chairman of the NPCMC shall approve the appropriate corrective actions and direct the concerned organization for its proper implementation.1 Protection and Proper Use of Equipment 2.1 Machine guards and/or precautionary measures (i. signs. management will consolidate and evaluate the comments/critics made by all assigned/authorized observers. each project/generating plant shall have appropriate procedures for the protection of personnel and equipment against safety hazards.4.e. maintenance and/or repair work on power generating plants and allied installations to address the general safety of NPC personnel as well as that of contractual workers and the general public. automatic controls Hoist. tagging. cranes.4 PROJECT IMPLEMENTATION AND PLANT OPERATION/ MAINTENANCE SAFETY A comprehensive safety program shall be implemented during project implementation and operation. To ensure reliability and safety of operation. reactors and capacitor bank Switchgear.4.1. 0 Page 12 of 66 NPCMC will use to improve its emergency planning effort.) for the following equipment/areas shall be provided: Transformers.

b. turbines.. protective relays and breakers activate when necessary.1. The area around the equipment must remain clean and free from unnecessary drippings. e. gauge or guide while the machine is in operation shall be prohibited. f. All greasing should be properly monitored and implemented. Machine guards shall be removed by authorized personnel only. The condition of machine guards shall be checked before operating the machine. d. Missing and/or defective guards of equipment shall be reported immediately by the operator. heat exchangers are typical plant components that shall regularly be inspected and/or maintained for efficiency and safe operation of their protective systems based on manufacturers’ specification and recommendations. generators. aside from regular maintenance and inspection activities. Inspection and maintenance of components are necessary to maintain the following conditions: retain its protective barriers satisfactory operation can isolate itself from the systems (when required) relieve excessive pressures divert flow reduce temperatures shutdown itself automatically (when necessary) Simulations shall be conducted to assure that safety valves. etc.4. shall be . temperature. flow. c. 0 Page 13 of 66 The following precautions shall be implemented: a. current power.3 Regular Maintenance Equipment/Components Program and Testing of Boilers. Local and remote monitoring system for pressure. voltage.2 Identification of Piping Systems Exposed piping systems shall be properly identified to indicate materials/fluids being conveyed through the use of stenciled or lettered legends and by color or color bands as provided by Rule 1230 of the OSHS.4. Adjusting of guard. transformers. tests of protection systems through activation. 2.CHAPTER 2 SAFETY PLAN REV. 2.1.

only standard grounding clusters shall be used for grounding lines and attachments. j. o. n. e. No electric pole shall be over-stressed by adding or removing wires.2. reliable condition and shall be periodically inspected or tested. Radio aerial antennas shall not be attached/installed to poles with energized lines Battery chargers shall be protected against flushing and spillage of battery solution.1 Electrical Works a. When testing meters and relays. Appropriate lock-out and tag-out procedures shall be implemented and observed. shall be visibly posted at all times when work is being performed. k. f. ground cord assembly and alligator clip) when working with electronics modules/cards. Maintenance/repair work on capacitors and condensers shall be started only after the fuses or switches have been opened and capacitor cell leads are short-circuited.4. This prevents damage to the modules by electrostatic discharge. Always use field static kits (wrist. all connections shall be restored to the normal conditions. All electrical works shall be covered by safe work permits. unless it is disconnected from the line and grounded. Before removing jumpers in meter/relay testing. m. During maintenance or repair. l. h. Electrical tools and equipment shall be maintained in a safe. and shall be removed or recovered promptly after work is completed. c.2 Safety and Health Practices 2. g. Hotline tools shall be used when servicing energized lines and installing hotline jumpers. Proper warning and instructional signs. 2. All lighting arrester equipment shall be treated as charged to full line potential. d.4. . all connections shall be secured properly. 0 Page 14 of 66 operable and accurate for constant monitoring of component and system conditions during operation. b. The short-circuiting jumper shall be applied with the use of hotline tools for high voltage capacitors. Hazardous electrical wastes shall be properly managed. i.CHAPTER 2 SAFETY PLAN REV.

• • • • • . During pole replacement. Lines that are being cut or re-arranged shall be prevented from sagging to eliminate falling or swinging against other lines. y. Only well-trained and authorized personnel shall do hotline work. Unauthorized persons shall be prohibited by operator to operate or hide in the equipment. r. w. u. s. q. Only tested rubber gloves.CHAPTER 2 SAFETY PLAN REV. no pole shall be allowed to come in contact with live wires. Directional signals shall be received by operator only from designated persons. v. Nobody shall be allowed under a boom except riggers doing rigging work. t. Operators shall be held responsible for the proper maintenance and cleanliness of the equipment assigned to them and in reporting to proper authorities of any detected or unusual condition found therein. 2.4. Operator • • Tools and equipment shall be operated only by duly authorized employees. Only insulated tools shall be used in cutting or trimming trees for maintaining clearances from energized conductors. standing in-between loops of wire shall be prohibited. 0 Page 15 of 66 p.2. Only extension lights with guards shall be used. During repair/maintenance. boots and mats shall be used when working in damp locations. When stringing wires. z. Electrical repairs shall be performed only by qualified and authorized electricians with proper tools and personnel protective equipment. brakes and limit switches. grounding of electrical lines and equipment shall be enforced to minimize danger from accidental energizing. load. Insulation shall be inspected regularly for wear/damage.2 Tools and Equipment a. x. hook. No operator shall be allowed to operate his equipment without proper authorization. Live wires should be de-energized when working on it. Scheduled inspections/checks shall be conducted by the operator on all hoists. ropes.

The use of open hooks on any load that pass over workers shall be prohibited. • • • • • • • • • • • • . judgment and reflexes shall not be allowed to operate hoist and lifting equipment. fire extinguisher etc. No mobile crane shall be operated on soft or sloping ground or close to the sides of trenches and excavations. When not in use. Operator under the influence of liquor and or sleep inducing drugs or any medication that will affect vision. No person shall be allowed to stay under a raised load.CHAPTER 2 SAFETY PLAN REV. All hoist and lifting equipment shall be provided with basic emergency tools and equipment where applicable like ho. All hoist and lifting equipment shall be subjected to scheduled preventive maintenance. No load beyond capacity of the hoisting equipment shall be lifted. The use of additional counter-weight to increase the load capacity of a mobile crane shall be prohibited. the overhead crane shall be parked with the load hook raised high enough to clear the heads of men working on the floor/ground. No person shall be allowed to ride with/on a load that is being hoisted. Only duly qualified and authorized rigger shall be allowed to direct and guide hoist and lifting operation. Hoists and Heavy Equipment • • • • • • Operating mobile heavy equipment without a valid permit/license shall be prohibited. the mobile crane’s bow shall be rested on its rack. All hoist and lifting equipment shall be subjected to a pre-use inspection for safe operation. 0 Page 16 of 66 b. The crane shall be positioned properly before it is put into operation. swung or transported. When traveling along highways or streets. outrigger matting. All booms shall be lowered when not in use. lights. All operators shall immediately report any observed unsafe condition of the hoist and lifting equipment. All operators shall report immediately any incident/accident to the company and appropriate authorities.

Inspect all loads to be moved to determine proper load position. All hoist and lifting equipment shall be equipped with the prescribed and approved seat belts. Do not drive with greasy hands. . slippery. operator should drive the forklift backward so that he can see where he is going. to maintain stability. The load should be kept below eye level. Workmen should not be permitted to ride or work on the platform of high-lift trucks. nobody is allowed to ride on the forklift. All critical lift works or jobs shall be covered by critical lift procedure. Never drive high-lift trucks with the platform elevated. Where possible. keep fork or load as close as possible to the ground or floor. When moving loads. Except the operator. and rough surfaces. All hoist and lifting equipment shall be subjected to test load inspection as recommended by the manufacturer and as prescribed by DOLE. 0 Page 17 of 66 • • • • c. Only qualified and authorized personnel shall conduct repairs to all hoist and lifting equipment. materials should be unloaded mechanically from a raised platform. Where this is impracticable. or where pedestrians or other vehicles may have difficulty in seeing the approaching forklift. The operator shall see to it that this rule is strictly followed. The operator concerned shall be responsible in replacing flat tire/s. Tools shall be inspected prior to use.CHAPTER 2 SAFETY PLAN REV. Forklift • Extreme care should be exercised by the operator when approaching areas where his view is obstructed. Slow down on wet. and to avoid overloading. which will be encountered during its use. Tools • • The use of improper tools for a particular job shall be prohibited. • • • • • • • • d.

Fire Prevention • Electrical equipment.4. Pointed or sharp edges tools shall be provided with casings or covers. Fire-fighting equipment should be checked regularly to be sure that they are ready for any emergency. Fire Hazards. the power supply shall be turned-off. lighted cigars. Gasoline. A procedure on safe collection and disposal of all combustible waste and rubbish should be part of the fire prevention program. When a pneumatic tool is not in service. particularly in their work area which may cause the loss of life or destruction of company property. gases. Housekeeping: Oil-soaked and paint-saturated rags. having self-closing covers. Employees should eliminate or report to their immediate supervisor fire hazards. cigarettes or pipes should be kept away from them. Each designated employee must become proficient in the method of handling firefighting equipment installed at the area or station where he works. Leaving machine tools and other motorized equipment running unattended shall be prohibited.CHAPTER 2 SAFETY PLAN REV. Prevention and Protection a. and removed daily from the work areas for proper disposal. paper. machinery and processing equipment. oil. Open flames. All portable electrically driven tools shall be provided with equipment grounding before use. • • • • . Feeling the edges of cutting tools shall be provided with equipment grounding before use. housekeeping conditions and other sources of fire should be checked for fire hazards at regular intervals. 0 Page 18 of 66 • • • • • • 2. and other volatile liquids (with low flash point) should be handled with care.2. waste and other combustible refuse should be deposited in non-combustible covered receptacles.3 Using hand tools on or very close to any moving part of a machine shall be prohibited.

No such materials should be stored or allowed to accumulate in airshafts. it must be adequately protected. and other combustible refuse.CHAPTER 2 SAFETY PLAN REV. furnace. other combustible materials. against steam pipes. fire hose cabinets and fire exits must be kept free from obstruction at all times. tunnels. plants and barges where they can be easily seen during incidents of fire. in or around pole yards. or within ten (10) feet of any stove. Wind and weather conditions should be considered before fires are lighted. In no case should a fire be started on a windy day where there is any possibility of the fire getting out of control. All passageways leading to portable fire extinguishers. Only a controllable amount of materials should be burned at one time and a fire hose or suitable fire-fighting equipment should be on hand. beams and machines. weeds and grass should not be allowed to accumulate in plant and office yards. Roofs should be kept free of sawdust. or boiler. out-ofthe-way corners near electric motors or machinery. or near buildings. shaving. Makeshift wiring should not be used unless absolutely necessary and merely for temporary use. 0 Page 19 of 66 Accumulation of all types of dust should be cleaned at regular intervals from overhead pipes. In such cases. All kinds of fire extinguishers should be placed from strategic places of offices. • Rubbish Disposal Combustible rubbish. properly barricaded . • Electrical Equipment Fires Only approved electrical equipment should be used where flammable gases or vapors may be present. or storage drums/tanks of flammable liquids. particularly from bearing and other heated surfaces. Specifications of fire extinguishers shall be consulted from the Over-all Safety and Security Officer before being purchased or refilled.

employees should be prohibited from carrying matches. In no instance should defective or undersized wires be used. gases and the like are stored. Personally owned electrical cooking/heating appliances such as percolators. • Smoking Smoking is prohibited in all areas of the plant. 0 Page 20 of 66 and should be removed as soon as possible. Portable electrical tools and extension cords should be inspected at frequent intervals and repaired or replaced promptly when found detective. use wrong fuses. and explosion-proof fixtures and lamps should be used in the presence of highly-flammable gases and vapors. or bypass fuses. Lamp bulbs must be considered as potential hazards in areas where flammable dusts or vapors exist. Where flammable and combustible liquids. barges and offices except at the designated smoking area/s. Waterproof cords and sockets should be used in damp places. Employees should not tamper with and block circuit breakers. they must be safeguarded accordingly. lighters and other spark-producing devices. Bare bulbs should never be used when exposed to flammable dusts or vapors. Users should also visually check the same before usage. Electrical installations and all electrical equipment should be periodically inspected and tested to assure continued satisfactory performance and to detect deficiencies. stoves and the like should not be plugged into company electrical facilities unless duly authorized by the Cost Center Head concerned. vapors. Portable lamp bulbs should be protected by heavy lamp guards or by adequately sealed transparent enclosures and kept away from sharp objects and from falling.CHAPTER 2 SAFETY PLAN REV. chemicals. . “No Smoking” signs should be posted conspicuously.

there should be an overhead clearance of at least four (4) feet. ensure that the flames are at least eighteen (!8) inches away from wood surfaces. Flammable liquids shall not be discharged into the sewers. kerosene. Approved safety pumps and similar devices. Liquefied Petroleum Gas (LPG). canals or natural waterways. Receiving Lines or Area for fuel and lube oil delivery must be free from dirt and sediments. blowtorches and the like are used. . labeled. paper or similar materials nor in an area where there is presence of flammable vapors. Delivery should be supervised by a plant personnel to prevent any spill or contamination of the whole plant premises. drainage. When portable furnaces. handled and disposed according to recommended controls as specified in the MSDS. b. Empty flammable containers shall be disposed of in accordance with the manufacturer’s instructions. Used oil stored in drums must be marked properly. Transporting of Flammable Liquids • Disposal and • • • • • • • • Flammable liquids shall be properly stored. Appropriate safety containers shall be used in handling or transporting flammable liquids. Combustible materials should be removed or protected by non-combustible insulating boards or sheet metal and preferably by a natural draft hood and flue of noncombustible material. Labeling.CHAPTER 2 SAFETY PLAN REV. Handling. acetylene or alcohol torches are used. 0 Page 21 of 66 • Open Flames If gasoline. Storage. They should not be used near flammable containers. shall be used when transferring liquids from one place to another. Adequate fire control and fire fighting equipment shall always be available in areas where flammable liquids are present. Motorized pumps shall be properly grounded.

provided however. the transporting of any flammable liquid aboard NPC vehicles is prohibited. mowers. tested. Well-ventilated trucks/pick-ups. repaired or replaced. to prevent metal-to-metal contact due to vibration while in transport. Extinguishers should be inspected monthly or at more frequent intervals when circumstances require.. Trucks/pick-ups which normally carry a small amount of gasoline for engine-driven equipment such as power saws. corrosion or other impairments. Extinguishers or • • . that only approved type of containers for flammable liquid are utilized and the following requirements are satisfied: Metal containers of heavy gauge with a maximum capacity of twenty (20) liters in A1 condition should be used. that they have not been tampered with and are fully charged and pressurized and to detect any physical damage. generators. Caps should be tightly closed and provided with rubber seal to prevent vapor leakage. etc. Extinguishers removed from the premises where they are regularly installed for recharging or repair should be temporarily replaced with spare extinguishers of the same type and capacity. should be used. to ensure that they are in their designated places. Loading is limited to a maximum of two (2) twenty (20)-liter containers only. except when being used.CHAPTER 2 SAFETY PLAN REV. 0 Page 22 of 66 • • Except only as provided in the succeeding rule. They should be checked for rust and weak spots which may easily fail due to excessive vibration and pressure build-up. shall be permitted to do so. Portable Fire Extinguishers • Extinguishers should be maintained in a fully charged and operable condition and kept in their designated places at all times. dry chemical fire extinguisher. preferably with open rear-ends. The vehicle should be equipped with at least one (1) unit 10-lb. Containers should be properly cushioned and secured with the use of wooden racks. etc. ropes. c..

cartridges or cylinders that show leakage or permanent distortion in excess of specified limits on with rupture. Drying must be done carefully before hanging the hose or placing it on a rack.CHAPTER 2 SAFETY PLAN REV. It should not be used except for the purpose it is needed. d. Overexposure. Care must be taken so that gasoline. Fire hoses provided for yard hydrants should be kept in well-ventilated hose house with sufficient space to hold the hose and equipment. Hoses should not be left in hot drying • • • • . which are not in good operating condition. After use. The hose should be stored in such a way that it may be unrolled easily when required. hoses must be drained. making sure that the threads should be applied to rate of raise to reach the test pressure in approximately one minute and the pressure should be held for one minute after which it should be released. should be removed from service. cleaned and dried before being stored. Extinguisher shells. if possible. grease. Hot locations should be avoided. should be immediately recharged. Hoses should not be dried in the sun on concrete roadways or sidewalks. If a hose does not come in contact with any of the above materials. Do not store hoses until thoroughly dry. especially in or by the sun can be damaging. repaired or replaced. 0 Page 23 of 66 • • parts thereof. it should not be exposed to varied weather conditions. Where such exposure is likely to occur. it should be washed with soap and thoroughly rinsed with water. Caps should be screwed in tightly. Care of the Fire Hydrants • Fire hose should always be in good order and taken care of properly. Caps should always be replaced with the same shell from which they are removed to prevent mismatching of threads. As soon as the hose is thoroughly dried. Each extinguisher should have a durable tag securely attached to show the maintenance or recharge date and the initials or signature of the person who performs this service. harmful chemicals and acids do not come in contact with hose. hoses resistant to these agents should be used.

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towers or cabinets after drying has been completed. If the hose appears to be defective, it should be tested hydrostatically and replaced, if necessary. If the hose has prolonged or severely used during fire incidents, it should be inspected and tested regularly. Nozzles All nozzles should be checked periodically and immediately after use. If there is an obstruction that cannot be removed by fully opening the nozzle, the nozzle should be taken from the hose line and the obstruction removed through the coupling end, since any further attempt to force it out through the tip may damage the nozzle. Care should be taken to avoid dents or nicks in nozzle tips, as this can seriously affect the reach of the stream. Nozzles should not be closed dropped or thrown aside. Nozzle control valves should be opened and closed slowly. This will eliminate unnecessary strain on the hose and coupling and reduce pressure surges. Except in the case of small volume streams at low pressure, nozzles should be shut-off when being moved to new positions at the first scene. Nozzles should be washed with soap and hot water. Submerge the nozzle and work the sleeve or roller until a free movement is obtained and then rinse in water. Lubricate the shut-off valve with silicone gases. When using a nozzle, care should be taken not to twist or bend the handle of the shutoff valve. Either of these conditions may prevent the valve from opening fully or may permit the valve to go past the full opening. In both instances, the waterway would not be fully open and the result would be a broken water steam. During inspection, check that nozzle valves work freely. Otherwise, they should be immediately taken out of service, temporarily replaced, and repaired.

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Couplings Couplings should be kept in good operating conditions, and after each time the hose is used, the coupling threads should be examined. Any length of hose with defective or damaged couplings should be removed from service and repaired. Couplings should be adjusted so that they would function easily by hand. Couplings should not be greased or oiled when stuck. Ordinarily, they can be freed satisfactorily by immersion in warm soapy water. When disconnecting the line after use, care should be taken not to drop couplings on pavement or other hard surface. If, for any reason, it is necessary to move apparatus after lines are in operation, care should be taken to avoid driving over couplings. This can deform couplings. Inspection should be made to see that hose is firmly attached to the coupling so that the coupling and the hose do not come apart.

Gaskets When couplings are inspected, the gasket in the swivel should be checked. Rubber gaskets deteriorating with age will break away from the washer or gasket seat. See to it that the gasket do not protrude into the waterways, particularly at the nozzle coupling as this can cause a ragged steam, thus reducing the effective reach of the nozzle.

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Valve shall be closed completely when the cylinder is not in use. Empty cylinders shall be stored and handled similar to that of loaded cylinders. Empty cylinders for the same kind of gas shall be stored together. Gas-fuel cylinders shall be kept away from oxygen cylinders. Placing of hand tools, clothes, gloves, and other things on the top of the cylinder shall be prohibited.

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• 2.4.2.4

The use of oxygen to run pneumatic tools to provide ventilation or to purge pipelines and containers shall be prohibited. Only lubricants specifically formulated for oxygen service shall be used for lubrication of equipment handling oxygen. Opening the valve of acetylene gas cylinder more than one turn shall be prohibited. The valve wrench shall be left on the valve whenever the valve is open. Only authorized persons shall be given access to storage areas of compressed gas cylinders.

Chemicals, Gases and Other Materials a. Hazardous Chemicals • Toxic chemicals and hazardous waste/substances shall be properly managed (handling, storage, transport and disposal) in accordance with R.A. 6969) Acids and oxidizing agents shall be stored separately from caustics and other reducing agents. Volatile, corrosive and toxic chemicals shall not be poured directly into the containers or equipment in which they will be used. Appropriate pumps, breaker, spatula or similar devices shall be used instead. Carboys and drum pumps shall be equipped with flow control regulators. Equipment and/or instruments used in handling chemicals, such as pumps, hoses, fittings, flow regulating nozzles, motors and wirings shall be replaced or repaired at the first sign of deterioration. Containers of hazardous chemicals shall be labeled properly and clearly. Chemicals, which tend to build up pressure under high temperature, such as ammonia, methylene chloride and hydrogen peroxide shall be stored in cool areas. All related Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS) shall be readily available and communicated to workers for information and reference. All workers that may be exposed to chemical shall be trained on recommended hazard

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Placing cylinders on hallways. 0 Page 27 of 66 • • controls of various chemicals used in the workplace.CHAPTER 2 SAFETY PLAN REV. b. passageways or work areas where they can be hit or struck shall be prohibited. sparks. Cylinders shall be kept away from electrical circuits and excessive heats. and other sources of ignition. oil and other combustible materials on an oxygen cylinder shall be prohibited. A cylinder shall be used only when the user is sure of its gas content. Wear the appropriate PPE as stated in the instruction/procedure as advised by the supervisor. Lifting a cylinder by its valve or cap. cylinder rack or post. If a number of cylinders are to be moved. All exposed workers shall immediately seek proper medical attention for any untoward effects from handling toxic chemicals and hazardous wastes/substances. sling or magnet shall be prohibited. When it is necessary to unload the cylinder content. the cylinders shall be secured on a platform or cradle. Accumulation of grease. Striking of welding arc or tapping of live welding electrode on a cylinder shall be prohibited. Compressed Gases • Gas cylinders shall be chained/supported in an upright position to a wall. Only the right tool shall be used in opening the cylinder valve. cylinder truck. it should be unloaded properly. The cylinder cap shall be installed when the cylinder is not in use and when it is being moved. hot slag. • • • • • • • • • • • • . Cylinders shall be kept away from direct sunlight. Leaking cylinders shall be repaired immediately. The use of cylinders as table legs to hold up other objects shall be prohibited. or with chain. Dropping a compressed gas cylinder shall be prohibited. molten metal.

Any error/correction to be reflected in the tag shall be initialed and dated by the issuer to effect legitimacy. Tags with information already unreadable shall be replaced immediately. 0 Page 28 of 66 • • • • • • • • • • 2. g. Tampering and/or defacing of tags shall be prohibited. e. Stored materials shall not extend beyond the edges of bins/racks. The Safety Officer shall be held responsible for the issuance and retrieval of tags. d.4. Only duly authorized personnel shall be allowed to remove tags on equipment/system already cleared for operation/usage. A load shall be hoisted only when it is directly under the hoist. Overhead belt conveyors shall be provided with railings to prevent the load from toppling over the side.5 Materials stored in open areas shall be protected against the weather. All hoses. Transferring of tag from one equipment to another shall be prohibited. Appropriate shut-off tool/spanner shall be readily available for use. i. Only section heads or personnel holding equivalent positions shall be authorized to request for issuance of tags. When tags are to be displayed/hung out-doors.CHAPTER 2 SAFETY PLAN REV. Overhead conveyor and elevator tops shall be provided with maintenance platforms.2. c. Flashback arresters shall always be available and properly installed. . gas regulators and other accessories shall be regularly inspected and maintained. f. h. Issuance and retrieval of tags shall be recorded in a tagging logbook for reference purposes. Gas cylinders shall be labeled. A tag shall be displayed/hung only where it is specifically intended for. appropriately stored and secured in designated areas. Appropriate safety signs shall be provided conspicuously in storage areas. Clearance and Tagging Rules a. b. The writing on issued tags shall be done in ink. they shall be jacketed/laminated in plastic.

4.CHAPTER 2 SAFETY PLAN REV. i.6 Hot Works a. Hot work permits shall be secured before performing hot work activities. brass and lead which are health hazard are produced. g.7 Good Housekeeping a.4. e. 2. Flammable and combustible materials shall be removed and/or covered properly prior to performance of hot work operation. Proper warning and instructional signs shall be visibly posted at all times when work is being performed. Only a friction lighter shall be used in lighting a torch. and other combustible refuses shall be removed from the work areas and disposed off properly. spilled liquids and other unwanted materials shall be swept. tin. c. h. Electric welding machines shall be placed in clean and dry areas before performing welding operation. . No person shall be allowed to render repair work on defective equipment/systems unless the necessary tags have been issued and properly hung.2. Littering in the work premises shall be prohibited. l. and shall be removed or recovered promptly after work is completed. k. All hot works shall have treated and approved safe work procedures. Hot work operations shall be performed only by authorized personnel. 0 Page 29 of 66 j. Required PPE shall be used while doing hot works. j. b. b. wiped and disposed off properly. specially when fumes from zinc. or when changing the cable connections to the terminals. Leftover food shall be removed and/or cleaned so as not to attract rodents. Only welding cables in good condition shall be used. c. Welding and/or cutting on any container or tank with unknown contents shall be prohibited. m. Adequate ventilation shall be provided while performing hot works. Work place conditions shall be inspected to eliminate or control hazards that may expose the worker to injury and potential property damage. f. d. papers. Broken glass. Oil-soaked and paint saturated rags. Power shall be switched off when leaving the work area. d. 2.2.

shall be removed at the end of each work shift. The Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS) of all chemicals in storage or in use shall be made available for reference at all times. fittings and other fixtures of rest rooms shall be repaired immediately. Appropriate signs and barricades shall be provided in hazardous areas. Left-over materials in work places..2. rebars. shower and wash stations. o. 2. Defective bowls. k. Transport. n. All passageways leading to building exits. Treatment and Disposal Chemical Handling c. Lockers shall be kept clean and shall be inspected periodically. etc. bases and other corrosive chemicals shall be done in the fume hood. Work areas shall be provided with waste or trash drums/cans in appropriate places.8 Laboratory Safety a. Appropriate measures should be instituted to control stray animals. welding butts. The pouring of flammable liquids. sewers. fire extinguishers and electrical controls shall be lighted adequately and shall be kept free from obstructions at all times. and/or drainage systems.CHAPTER 2 SAFETY PLAN REV. Ventilation and lighting systems should always be maintained clean and in efficient manner. shall be prohibited. Safety work procedures for the following tasks shall be provided and reviewed/evaluated periodically. i. f. stairways. steel. 0 Page 30 of 66 e. pest and rodents. Trimming of vegetation in plant and office yards and fuel oil tank farms shall be conducted regularly. Bulletin boards and safety bulletin shall be kept clean and orderly. g. . j. All chemicals and sample containers shall be properly stored and labeled. • • • • • • Geochemical and Environmental Sampling Field Data Gathering Laboratory Analysis Laboratory Instrument Operation Waste Collection. such as lumber. Preparation of acids. h. corrosive chemicals and compounds which produce toxic fumes or odors (such as hydrogen cyanide and the likes) into sinks. b. m.4. l. Storage.

Signs indicating the location of H2S detection equipment and supplied air breathing equipment shall be provided. Employee shall report immediately areas with H2S concentration.CHAPTER 2 SAFETY PLAN REV.9 Workplace Monitoring and Control a. All instruments. Flags or windsocks shall be installed at strategic locations to help indicate wind direction.2.4. transported and handled as prescribed in Section 2. cables and power outlets shall be labeled with their corresponding power ratings. 0 Page 31 of 66 d. Wind direction shall be monitored prior to and during work where H2S may be present. Only trained and suitably equipped personnel shall conduct rescue and/or recovery operation in an H2S emergency situation. • • • • • • • . e. The laboratory is a non-smoking area Compressed gas cylinders shall be stored. plugs. Hydrogen Sulfide (H2S) Safety (Geothermal Plants) • • • Geothermal plants shall have an H2S monitoring and control program in place. The use of “Buddy System” is a MUST when working in an area suspected to have a high H2S concentration. Continuous monitoring of H2S shall be conducted during work activities in areas where its presence is anticipated or expected. f.4. Eye wash stations and emergency showers shall be available in designated areas and regularly maintained 2.2. g.4. Employers shall have in place an H2S information and education campaign program to increase awareness of workers of its hazards. Areas with potential H2S hazard shall have warning signs. Evaluate each job for H2S hazard before starting job and while doing the work. Emergency procedures shall be implemented in case of accidental discharge.

• • • d. Illumination • Skylights and windows shall be located and spaced so that daylight conditions are fairly uniform over the working area. General Ventilation Suitable atmospheric conditions shall be maintained in all work areas by natural and/or artificial means. gases. shall be identified and restricted to authorized personnel only. process-related airborne hazards such as dusts. shall be properly illuminated during normal operation based on the Philippine Electrical Code. Radiation • All potential sources of electro-magnetic radiation. workplaces and passengers as required by the Philippine Building Code and the Fire Protection Code.CHAPTER 2 SAFETY PLAN REV. Measures shall be taken to minimize. Permissible Noise Exposure • • Plants shall have a hearing conservation program in place for the exposed workers. vapor or mists at the source e. All equipment and facility shall undergo reevaluation for possible redesign or engineering control to minimize temperature hazard. . Temperature Extreme • • All workers exposed to extreme temperatures shall wear suitable protective clothing. All occupied offices and building including perimeters. c. if not eliminate. such as switchyards. f. 0 Page 32 of 66 b. Adequate ground lighting shall be provided within the working premises. high-voltage power lines and transformers. Adequate automatic emergency lighting system shall be provided in stairways. exits. Plants must comply with noise exposure levels as mandated by occupational safety and health standards.

4. d.2. Employees affected by the work permit procedures shall be trained on application procedures.10 Safe Work Permit a. such as radiographic. Electrical and Mechanical Lock-out/Tag-out Confined Space Entry Hot Work Excavation Hazardous Materials Handling Work at Heights Major Lifts Radiation Blasting The above permit shall include the minimum applicable requirement: 1. 10. testing and naturally occurring radioactive materials from drilling. 11. 2. f. 9. 2. e.CHAPTER 2 SAFETY PLAN REV. 5. 8. 12. 7. Control for issuance and recording of all permits shall be established. . Established safe work permit procedures shall be implemented in the following works: • • • • • • • • • b. 6. 0 Page 33 of 66 • All works and materials emitting radiation. Permit Number Authorized permit Originator and Issuer Date of Issue Work Description (Area/Activity Covered) Validity of Permit Work Precaution Checklist Protective Measure Checklist Work Party Acceptance Emergency Response/Equipment Environment Monitoring Hazard Identification Work Carry Over (Turnover of Unfinished Work) Sign Off (Closing) c. Permits shall be properly posted in the work area. 4. Works covered by permit shall be immediately stopped if permit conditions is not complied with or violated. 13. Permitting authorities shall likewise be identified and properly trained. shall be covered by appropriate permit and signage. 3.

2. Explosives or dynamites used for quarrying or road construction shall be stored in magazines as per regulatory standard. Disposal of all empty explosive containers shall be in accordance with manufacturer’s recommendations. b. Dynamites shall be separated from the blasting ingredients such as blasting caps or fuses when stored or transported. Only authorized personnel shall be allowed to enter the storage areas or near explosives. n. For security reasons. 0 Page 34 of 66 g. d. 2. maximum height of stock shall conform to OSHS stacking limit. storage and transportation of explosives shall be strictly observed. Explosive magazine shall be constructed as per standards.CHAPTER 2 SAFETY PLAN REV.11 Explosives Storage. b.2. Only authorized and qualified personnel shall handle explosives. Warning signs about the use of radio transmitter must be posted on all access roads. Military escorts must be present during transport of explosives.4. The government laws pertaining to the use.4.2. Perimeter gates and doors of the storage magazine shall be provided with two (2) locks each. One for the military and one for the company custodian. g. A periodic safety audit shall be in place to determine its adequacy on compliance and effectiveness. m. Smoking is strictly prohibited in areas where there are explosives. . Use and Transportation a. Stacking/Piling of boxes of explosives shall only be on eye level. Manufacturer’s instructions for the safe handling and storage of explosives are to be followed. e. vehicles transporting explosives shall not be marked unless required. c. j. k. All access points to the blasting area shall be properly guarded until an “ALL CLEAR” signal is sounded. h. f.12 Warehouse Safety a. i. Danger signs shall be installed to warn the public. Explosive magazine shall be provided with at least two ventilation outlets. Warehouse shall be well ventilated and well lighted. If a warehouse is provided with fire sprinkler system. l.

First aid and emergency response shall be available at all times. Only authorized personnel shall supervise all excavation and filing works. d. b. 0 Page 35 of 66 c. e. f.4. Proper warning and instructional signs shall be visibly posted at all times when work is being performed. Storage areas shall be provided with adequate fire extinguisher located at strategic places. delineated and provided with proper safety and warning signs. water electricity and telephone lines shall cover all excavation works. 2. Warehouse shall be provided with enough space for the operation of material handling equipment. Materials stored in open areas shall be protected against weather. Eyewash stations and emergency showers shall be regularly maintained and made available in designated areas. g. d. All excavation and filing works shall be covered with appropriate safe work permit. Required PPE shall be used while doing excavation and filing works. f.2. Approved access ladder shall be provided and regularly inspected. Shoring built in accordance with standard engineering practice shall be provided on excavation sites. Excavation works on identified H2S prone area shall be inspected for presence of H2S before any work commences and regularly monitored during the duration of the work. .CHAPTER 2 SAFETY PLAN REV. i. e. Work permits to identify location of buried gas. g. and shall be removed or recovered promptly after work is completed. k. Gangplanks with railing or metal plates shall be provided where an excavation crosses driveways or streets.13 Excavation and Filing Works a. c. Excavation sites shall be properly barricaded. j. Adequate clearance between stocks and wall shall be provided for easy access. h.

14 Concreting and Structural Works a.2. h. 2.2. Proper warning and instructional signs shall be visibly posted at all times when work is being performed. and shall be removed or recovered promptly after work is completed. e.CHAPTER 2 SAFETY PLAN REV. f. c. Work permits shall cover all structural works at heights and all works that require the use of oxyacetylene cutting and any kind of welding works. d. g. . Lifting procedure shall be implemented for heavy and special lifting works. Proper warning and instructional signs shall be visibly posted at all times when work is being performed. Only authorized personnel shall supervise all road works.A. Work sites shall be properly barricaded.15 Road Works/Earth Moving a. First aid and emergency response shall be available at all times. e. c. b.4.4. delineated and provided with proper safety and warning signs.16 Piping and Insulation Works a. Required PPE shall be used while doing concreting and structural works in accordance with Section III.2. Work place conditions shall be inspected to eliminate or control hazards that may expose the worker to injury. Work sites shall be properly barricaded. Required PPE shall be used while doing road works. Standard scaffoldings shall be provided when working at height. 2. 0 Page 36 of 66 2. First aid and emergency response shall be available at all times. b. Only authorized person shall supervise all concreting and structural works. d. Only authorized person shall supervise all piping and insulation works. g. Heavy equipment shall have spotter to assist the operator.3 hereof. and shall be removed or recovered promptly after work is completed. h.4. delineated and provided with proper safety and warning signs. Only duly qualified and authorized personnel shall be allowed to operate equipment. f.

delineated and provided with proper safety and warning signs. Work place conditions shall be inspected to eliminate or control hazards that may expose the worker to injury. All piping and insulation works shall be covered with appropriate safe work permits. . All mechanical equipment installation shall have detailed and approved safe work permits. and shall be removed or recovered promptly after work is completed. Required PPE shall be used while doing hot works.4. f. Only authorized personnel shall supervise all mechanical and equipment installation. Proper warning and instructional signs shall be visibly posted at all times when work is being performed.2. i. h. Work place conditions shall be inspected to eliminate or control hazards that may expose the worker to injury. and shall be removed or recovered promptly after work is completed. e. d. First aid and emergency response shall be available at all times. First aid and emergency response shall be available at all times. Appropriate lifting equipment and procedures shall be used on mechanical installations. g. Only duly qualified and authorized personnel shall be allowed to operate equipment. c. Only duly qualified and authorized personnel shall be allowed to conduct piping and insulation works. f. e.17 Mechanical and Equipment Installation a. b. i. Only duly qualified and authorized personnel shall be allowed to operate equipment. All mechanical equipment installation shall have detailed and approved safe work procedures. Proper warning and instructional signs shall be visible posted at all times when work is being performed. h. 2. 0 Page 37 of 66 b. Required PPE shall be used while doing piping and insulation works. j. j. All mechanical equipment installation work wastes shall be properly disposed according to environmental regulations. g. c. d. All coded piping and insulation work wastes shall be properly disposed of according to environmental regulations. Work sites shall be properly barricaded.CHAPTER 2 SAFETY PLAN REV.

4. All works shall be covered with appropriate safe work permits d. All personnel shall be qualified and trained in their respective job assignments.3 Power Plant and Control Room Safety 2.4. Always close the door of control rooms to reduce outside air infiltration/cooling loads and toxic gas contamination. . b. and switches. f.1 Power Plant Safety a. All personnel shall undergo occupational safety and health orientation and training. e. All personnel shall be required to wear appropriate and prescribed PPE’s. 0 Page 38 of 66 2. All personnel shall immediately report any observed unsafe condition. All power plants shall establish work procedures for: • Start-up and shutdown • Emergency • Normal and Abnormal Operation • Maintenance work for the following as applicable: Steam Generators Fans and Blowers Pumps Condensers Cooling Towers Turbines and Generators Electrical and Instrumentation Such procedures shall include hazard identification. c. mitigation and emergency response.2 Control Room Safety a. c. g.4.3. Control rooms are NO SMOKING areas and such policy shall be observed religiously. b. Unauthorized personnel are prohibited to manipulate control panel knobs. Bystanders are not allowed inside the control room unless authorized.3. incident and accident in accordance with the established company safety reporting procedures and guidelines. d. Only qualified and authorized personnel shall conduct repairs and calibration to any plant equipment and instruments. Keep air conditioning unit running 24 hours a day to maintain the control room temperature and to keep the air clean and filtered. buttons.CHAPTER 2 SAFETY PLAN REV. analysis. 2.

in proper coordination with Control Room.4.4 Electrical Power Facilities and Equipment Repair and Troubleshooting a. 2. d. Keep battery bank free from leaking solutions. h. when troubleshooting and repairing of a particular line b. De-energize all power line conductors. Always close the door of UPS and battery bank room to reduce outside air infiltration/cooling loads and toxic gas contamination. Air conditioning unit must be operated 24 hours a day at temperature not greater than 15oC for electronic equipment cooling. UPS and Battery Bank Room Requirements a. 0 Page 39 of 66 e. Always wear safety rubber shoes when performing troubleshooting and repair of any faulty line conductors encased in metallic cable tray. Eyewash station must be provided near the battery room. 2. Keep the door of circuit breaker/panel always closed. g. c. g. The DC system shall be readily available whenever the DC power is interrupted to the system. . Check-up of battery electrolyte leak and specific gravity should be done regularly. e. f. f. i. Proper handling/storage/disposal of unserviceable batteries should be observed. b.CHAPTER 2 SAFETY PLAN REV. Insulate all dangling and bare terminals of power conductors right after disconnection. Only duly authorized personnel are allowed to execute troubleshooting and repair of any line conductors and electrical device and circuitry at equipment control panel board. e.3. d. Automatic/emergency lighting system shall be provided at all access and means of egress. Do not use battery room as dressing room.3 Lock-out/tag-out procedure and proper clearance from authority shall be strictly complied. Place warning tags (indicating reasons for isolation) on any circuit cut-out breakers with the requested “DE-ENERGIZE” line associated. The exhaust ventilation must be placed in the proper portion of wall ceiling to eliminate the explosive gas emitted by the battery.4. No unauthorized personnel are allowed to enter the room.3. c. j.

tripping or hazards observed on any electrical equipment or installation. working with toxic gaseous fumes and irritants k. e. in–service inspection f. working in confined / closed spaces g. Gas masks and respirators shall be used where industrial processes create atmospheric contaminants such as toxic materials. start–up e. sprays of hazardous liquids. f. fumes. maintenance and rehabilitation d. removing or destroying safety signs are prohibited. Face shields shall be used to protect the face and neck from flying particles. 0 Page 40 of 66 f. splashes of molten metals and hot solutions. . Signs shall be posted in the work areas where personal protective equipment is required. gases. Advise superior immediately any faults. working with radioactive materials j. other related/similar activities. machining and woodworks c. The following shall be strictly observed: a. and the like. g. working in noisy environment h. h. Conduct insulation resistance testing on any line conductors and equipment being repaired and/or replaced prior to re-energization to determine the dielectric strength of the insulation.CHAPTER 2 SAFETY PLAN REV. Appropriate safety goggles shall be worn at all times in jobs where eye protection is needed. maintenance and operational hazards involved in the following activities: a. welding and cutting b. b. Corrective spectacles or eyeglasses shall not be used in lieu of safety goggles. 2. Tampering with. Ensure all electrical tools/equipment used are properly insulated and must capable to handle the voltage of the work piece. dusts. paints. working with toxic chemicals and waste i.4. running and encased with other lines in metallic cable tray. Only respirators in sound condition shall be used.4 Protection of Personnel Personal Protective Equipment shall be provided to protect workers against all construction. d. c. g. repair.

tunnels. Before using any diving gear/apparatus. in pits. Plant personnel must receive training in basic engineering considerations pertaining to major structures. While performing welding jobs. k. as necessary. Appropriate gloves shall be worn when handling poisonous and/or corrosive chemicals/materials and when working with energized electrical circuits/apparatus. Safety helmets shall be worn in areas where overhead protection is required. o. p. n. i.Safety shoes shall be worn in areas where they are required. with procedures for surveillance. Approved earmuffs or earplugs shall be worn while in areas with noise levels of more than 90 decibels. b) c) d) 2. reservoirs and waterways. and reporting of potential problems. and . 0 Page 41 of 66 h. aprons. Noise levels shall be indicated/posted conspicuously in areas where they could be detrimental to hearing.CHAPTER 2 SAFETY PLAN REV. in order to obtain accurate readings. NPC is committed to undertake and implement a Dam Safety Program based on current international standards. Readings shall be made at scheduled frequency and shall be properly recorded and analyzed. l. leggings and welder’s masks shall be worn.5. 2. Belts and lifelines shall be secured/fastened while in use. m. practices and guidelines. Ensure that a fire extinguisher is within the work area. Safety belts and/or lifelines shall be worn while working on elevated structures. and To preserve the long-term value of NPC dams. The NPC Dam Safety Program has the following objectives: a) To ensure that all communities located downstream of NPC owned/operated dams are not exposed to unacceptable risks from their existence and operation. flameproof gauntlets. welding gloves. thorough inspection of the equipment shall be conducted. monitoring.1 Instrumentation and Monitoring Instrumentation shall be properly maintained or replaced. To comply with legal requirements and technically accepted Dam Engineering practices for responsible ownership and environmental protection. and consistent with the provisions of applicable Philippine Laws and Ordinances. j. To assess the quantity of inflows during typhoons (flood forecasting and reservoir inflow/outflow) in order to determine the right time and quantity of water releases to optimize revenues.5 DAM SAFETY As a responsible dam owner/operator. ducts and other confined spaces.

To announce the flood caution period/to release the flood precaution period and to notify thereon the PAGASA and other concerned government offices. f. c. 2. To assign the personnel of the flood operation team to their designated places on the expected flood operation.5.1 During Flood Precaution Period The Flood Operation Manager shall take the following measures by instructing the staff during the flood precaution period: a. i. To record the Flood Operation. e.2 During Flood Caution Period The Flood Operation Manager shall take the following measures during the flood caution period. To coordinate with Plant Management relative to instructions for spillway gate operation.2. For minimum recommended instrumentation for existing dams refer to Appendices 13. To control communication on the Radio-telephone system which connects the Type-A Warning stations and warning vehicles with the Flood Operation Office. To collect weather information from the PAGASA and from other sources.1 and 13.5. and To require other activities for effective flood operation. g. 0 Page 42 of 66 with procedures for emergency operations. make inflow calculation and flood forecasting.2. power supply system including auxiliary generators and telecommunications system.2. To monitor rainfall. To alert the personnel of the flood operation team in the FFWS Office and inform all other personnel on the expected operation. . d. c.5.2 Measures to be taken during Flood Periods 2. To collect weather information from the PAGASA through the NPC FFWS Office. To disseminate the flood warning on receipt of the request thereon from the PAGASA. To coordinate with Plant management relative to the operational status of the equipment and facilities required for the operation of the spillway gates. b. 2. a.CHAPTER 2 SAFETY PLAN REV. b. h.

i. To control communication on the radio telephone system which connects the Type-A Warning Stations and warning vehicles with the Flood Operation Office. a. .3 During Flood Period The Flood Operation Manager shall take the following measures during the flood period. h.2. j. e. and To decide whether or not to initiate a pre-release situation. To coordinate with Plant Management relative to instructions for spillway gate operation.CHAPTER 2 SAFETY PLAN REV. make inflow calculation and flood forecast. When the accumulated rainfall in telemetering rain gauge stations exceeds 60 mm in the past 24 hours. f. b. 0 Page 43 of 66 d. However. c. k. To release the flood caution period/to announce the flood period and to notify thereon the PAGASA and other concerned government agencies. To monitor rainfall. no pre-release shall be made. The Flood Operation Manager may initiate the prerelease when the reservoir water level is at Normal High Water Level and when any of the following conditions exists: • • When the inflow at the Dam exceeds the minimum flow of a flood inflow. 2. make inflow calculation and flood forecast. To disseminate the flood warning on receipt of the request thereon from the PAGASA. g. the amount of pre-release should not exceed minimum flood inflow. if the forecast elevation does not exceed the normal high water level. To commence the Reservoir Water level-based operation and to disseminate the dam discharge warning when the reservoir water level rises to the normal high water level. To require other activities for effective Flood Operation. and When it is forecast by PAGASA that a tropical cyclone will pass the typhoon Marking Area III.5. To collect weather information from the PAGASA. To monitor rainfall. • In any case. To record the flood operation.

2. i. c. h.4 During Post Flood Period The Flood Operation Manager shall take the following measures during the post flood period: a. To record the flood operation. and To require other activities for effective flood operation. 2.3. To collect weather information from the PAGASA. To announce the flood precaution period. 0 Page 44 of 66 d.5. i. To release the post flood period and to notify thereon the PAGASA and other concerned government offices.5. h. f. f. To coordinate with Plant management relative instructions for spillway gate operation.2. if another flood is expected. To monitor rainfall. b. To control communication on the radio telephone system which connects the Type-A Warning Stations and warning vehicles with the Flood Operation Center. To terminate the flood period and announce the post flood period and to notify thereon the PAGASA and other concerned government offices. To record the flood operation. d. e. To disseminate the flood warning on receipt of the request thereon from the PAGASA.5. g. g. To lower the reservoir water level to the normal high water level: To control communication on the radio-telephone system which connects the Type-A Warning Stations and warning vehicles with the Flood Operation Office.3 Notices and Warnings 2. Notice on Flood Period Whenever any of the flood periods is announced. e.CHAPTER 2 SAFETY PLAN REV. and To require other activities for effective flood operation. flood caution period or flood period. To make the dam discharging operation. make inflow calculation and flood forecast. the Flood Operation Manager shall notify promptly .1 Notices a. and to notify thereon the PAGASA and other concerned government offices.

5.CHAPTER 2 SAFETY PLAN REV. b.3. Target Area Dissemination of the dam discharge warning shall be made to the public in the target area.3 Dissemination of Dam Discharge Warning to the Public a.5. the Flood Operation Manager shall notify promptly the results of the forecast flood and expected dam discharges to the Load Dispatch Center.5. b. Refer to Appendices 13. Office of the Provincial Governor where the dam is located and all Municipal Mayor’s Office in the target area. 2. Plant management. 2.17 for notification flowcharts.3. 2. PAGASA.16 and 13. 0 Page 45 of 66 thereon the Plant management and the Power Management Center.3. Procedure of Dissemination The dam discharge warning shall be disseminated by sounding the siren and announcing warning messages through the use of loudspeakers in accordance with the procedure formulated by Plant management.4 Dam Discharge Information The Flood Operation Manager may issue and disseminate information on the dam discharges (hereinafter referred to as the dam discharge information) in addition to the dam discharge warning when it is recognized necessary to .2 Dam Discharge Warning The warning to the public in the target area on commencement and rapid increase in the dam discharges (hereinafter referred to as the dam discharge warning) shall be issued and disseminated whenever any of the dam discharges through the spillway is commenced and whenever such possibility is recognized in the course of the dam discharging as some damages would occur to the downstream target area in relation to the rapid increase in the dam discharge. Notice on Forecast Flood to Related Agencies When it is forecasted that the Dam will release the discharge to cope with the flood inflow.

3. evacuation and flood fighting activities. 0 Page 46 of 66 disseminate such information to the public in the target area. Three (3) sets of portable Radio Telephone may also be provided for each Municipality for the communication between the Municipality’s patrol team and Municipal Disaster Coordinating Council in relation to the evacuation and flood fighting activities. b.6 Dissemination of Flood Warning a. .5.3. Radio Telephone Municipality • System Provided for Each • One (1) set of Radio Telephone is installed in each Municipal Mayor’s Office in the target area for the urgent communication required between the Flood Operation Center and each Municipal Disaster Coordinating Council in relation to the flood warning. evacuation and flood fighting activities under the communication control of the FFWS Dam Office.7 Communication Control a. 2. Upon receipt of the PAGASA’s request. Upon completion of the dissemination. the Flood Operation Manager shall disseminate the warning message specified in the request to the public in the target area. Restrictions on Use Each Municipal Disaster Coordinating Council is allowed to use the Radio Telephone system prescribed in item (1) above but only for the necessary communication in relation to the flood warning.CHAPTER 2 SAFETY PLAN REV. the Flood Operation Manager shall notify promptly thereon the PAGASA. 2.5. b.5 Request by PAGASA on Flood Warning The PAGASA may request the FFWS Dam Office to disseminate warning to the public in the target area on the expected flood (hereinafter referred to as the flood warning). 2.5.3.

5. To proceed to the control room of the spillway and direct the spillway gate operation. . then the reservoir water level shall be read on the staff gauge by a gauge reader and reported to the Flood Operation Center on the local telephone system or on the portable Radio Telephone set.4. the required warning shall be disseminated by dispatching the warning vehicles to the areas.4.1 In the Event of Non-functioning of Flood Forecasting System If the reservoir water level detector installed in the Flood Operation Center does not work.3 In the Event of Non-functioning of Flood Warning System If no OK answer comes back or if the sound from the loudspeaker of any of the warning stations could not be monitored when the dam discharge warning or the flood warning is disseminated through the Type-A Warning Stations and Type-B Warning Posts. 2. the Flood Operation Manager shall take appropriate countermeasures in accordance with the provisions hereunder: a. b.5. 2.4 Back-up Flood Operation Rule 2. c.5. and To consider other appropriate countermeasures. To send instructions through the portable radio telephone to the spillway gate operator and/or the gauge reader. 0 Page 47 of 66 c. Communication Control The Flood Operation Manager shall control communication on the Radio Telephone system for attaining smooth communication among the parties concerned.CHAPTER 2 SAFETY PLAN REV.2 In the Event of Non-functioning of Local Telephone System In case such failure in the local telephone system occurs thus affecting the communication between the spillway gate operator and Flood Operation Center and/or between the gauge reader of the reservoir water level and Flood Operation Center.5. 2.4.

laughing. rolling ladders.6. Hazard prevention shall be focused on floors. To prevent office accidents. b. 2.1 Office Behavior a. e. construction of look-out towers. Do not congregate on stairs or landings. When an elevator is not available. because hazards exist in both plant and office premises. Running and horse-playing in the work area is prohibited. employees carrying such materials should not have both arms loaded when using stairs. Employees should not carry stacks of materials on stairs.5 Watershed Protection A fire-fighting team shall be organized to respond to forest fire occurrence. electrical equipment.2. f. Leaning out from the chair to pick up c. ventilation.2 Office Safety Rules and Regulations The following office safety rules and regulations shall be observed: 2. Employees shall not crowd nor indulge in horseplay on stairs. Do not stay within the path of the door swing When carrying a stack of materials. d. The establishment of appropriate firelines. 2. and turning to friends while going downstairs/upstairs.6.5. Doors should not be pushed abruptly when opening or slammed when closing.CHAPTER 2 SAFETY PLAN REV. the following controls shall be effected: 2. . 0 Page 48 of 66 2. aisles. One hand should be free to use the handrails. and timely maintenance of plantations are essential part of this strategy. Scooting across the floor while sitting on a chair is prohibited. and do not stay outside doors at the head or feet of stairways.1 Office Lay–out The Manager/Head concerned shall consider all safety aspects in the preparation of the office lay–out. illumination. office equipment. falls/tripping on stairs occur when the person is talking. Commonly.6 OFFICE SAFETY Severe and fatal accidents may occur in the office and its environment. doors.6. They should use the elevator. be sure you can see over and around it when walking. stairs. and chemical products.

the same should be referred to the QA Inspector or Safety Officer for inspection as to compliance with specifications and workmanship. b. Before receiving new office furniture. h. All forms of gambling are prohibited during on or offoffice hours. Machines or equipment should not be cleaned or serviced while they are in position. Do not hand any such instrument to someone with the point towards him. 2. l. objects on the floor is also dangerous and should be avoided. . j.CHAPTER 2 SAFETY PLAN REV. Dartplaying shall be allowed only in places specifically designated for the game at the plants recreational facilities/areas. Before operating new office equipment. Existing furniture found defective should immediately be reported to the General Services Unit or designated group of office/project/plant for repair. Do not use spiked or pointed rods for filing or for similar purposes. if still needed. i. n. Keep desk/filing cabinet/drawers closed to prevent personnel from tripping over them. Do not leave breakable objects on the edge of desks or tables where they can easily be pushed off. Defective furniture which poses accident hazards should be properly marked or tagged. Do not place pencils in any container with points outward. k. 0 Page 49 of 66 g. The outlet must be reported to the concerned Maintenance Section for removal or relocation.2 Office Furniture and Equipment a. m. Do not leave the knife blade of the paper cutter in the raised position. mark the box with a tripping hazard sign until it is removed. Nobody should tinker with interlocks on the guards. always consult the operating manual first. even after office hours. Only authorized persons should operate office machines and equipment. Dart-playing in all offices and work areas is prohibited at all times. Keep in a safe place any pointed or bladed instrument immediately after use.2.6. When a floor-mounted telephone or electrical outlet box is exposed after moving furniture.

Lighted cigars/cigarettes and the like should not be allowed within (6) feet where flammable solvents are used in duplicating machines or any other office equipment. 0 Page 50 of 66 c. pencil. All electric machines should be provided with adequate equipment grounding before use. rugs. floor mats. This will ensure proper office upkeep and unobstructed evacuation in case of emergency.3 Good Housekeeping a.2. Proper handling and use of office furniture and equipment should always be exercised. 2. Unplug from the power source the electric machine/equipment when unattended and after office hour. d. Tripping hazards such as defective floors. h. rubber bands. Wipe spilled liquids immediately and pick up pieces of paper clips. and other loose objects. Littering in the work premises is prohibited. be sure b. b. Broken glass should be swept immediately and disposed of in a safe place. e. Do not stand on lower shelf rungs or any other unstable furniture/makeshift stand to reach for things stored in the upper rung. c.6. Employee should see to it that their respective furniture are well arranged and maintained in their designated places. g. .6. Flammable solvent-soaked or oily rags used for cleaning duplicating machines or any other office equipment should be kept in metal safety containers. electric or telephone cords should be reported to the General Services Unit or designated group of office/project/plant for remedial measures. Use ashtrays. Do not place matchsticks or cigarette butts directly into the wastebasket. 2. Unstable cabinets/shelving should immediately be reported to the General Services Unit or designated group of office/project/plant for remedial measures. Standard ladder/stands for the purpose should be used. Rolling ladders and stands used in reaching high storage should have brakes and the like that operate automatically when weight is applied to them.4 Fire Hazards a. d. f.CHAPTER 2 SAFETY PLAN REV.2. c. Before placing the contents of ashtrays into wastebaskets.

the heavy objects should be on the lower shelf. base and bottles should not be allowed on windowsills or ledges. 2.2. and they should be stored where they are not likely to fall on anybody. DESIGN AND CONSTRUCTION b. design and layout of new facilities or of existing ones being modified or redesigned. 0 Page 51 of 66 d. Where materials are stored on shelves. Do not place a lighted cigar/cigarette and the like on any place other on an ashtray.CHAPTER 2 SAFETY PLAN REV. They should be carefully boxed or kept in suitable containers. Employees should not stack boxes. 2. papers. that there are no lighted cigarette butts. or other heavy objects should not be placed on top of filing objects and other high furniture. MANAGEMENT SAFETY Safety shall be integrated into the mainstream of engineering and design activities. embers or the like. Razor blades. Movable objects such as flowerpots. f. such as in duplicating rooms or supply areas.1 Engineering and Design Phases A program for providing safety controls into the following phases of engineering and design activities shall assure that the applicable . c. Lighted cigars/cigarettes and the like should not be allowed in areas where flammable fluids are used. desks.5 Storage/Vaults a. Materials should be stored where busy passageways do not have to be crossed to reach them. so that safety considerations become inherent in the planning. e.7. Card index files. and other heavy objects on filing cabinets. Also.7 ENGINEERING DEVELOPMENT. and window ledges. Flammable fluids used in offices should be stored in safety containers. The heaviest and largest pieces should be at the bottom of the pile. thumbtacks. and other sharp/pointed objects should not be thrown loosely into drawers. or place these materials improperly on shelves. d. Pile materials neatly in stable piles that will not fall over. dictionaries.6. 2. keep passageways clear of obstructions and tripping hazards.

4 Conceptual design phase Preliminary design phase Final design phase } For new construction Re-design or modification – For existing facilities 2.7.2. manuals and reports. Dam safety concerns during the design phase include the following items: a. Public safety awareness in all phases of design and operation of dam projects to assure adequate security for the general public in downstream areas.2.2 2.7.7. Adequate instrumentation and monitoring system as required by good engineering practice. and postconstruction documentation of foundation.1. contracted to an outside design agent. materials. and construction should be identified. b. Low-level discharge facilities capable of lowering the reservoir pool to a safe level within a reasonable time for safely responding to unanticipated needs such as repair or major rehabilitation for dam safety purposes.2 Dam Safety during the Design Phase During the design phase. c. or both. and resourced in coordination between the Design & Development Dept.-TMS and DRFFD-Hydro Generation. 2.1 Dam Safety during Planning Phase During the reconnaissance phase all design documentation.1.7.7.7. 2.1. scheduled.3 2.1.1 2. d. Whichever set–up is chosen. 0 Page 52 of 66 safety requirements are followed and appropriately translated into engineering specifications and drawings. e. 2. it shall be ensured that the design criteria include the most current dam safety requirements and that the design is properly documented for the project records.7. .CHAPTER 2 SAFETY PLAN REV.2 Design Considerations The design and engineering effort may either be conducted by the in–house (NPC) organization. Documentation of Initial Filling Plan. Acquisition of lands downstream from spillways for hydrologic safety purposes. each participating design organization shall ensure that safety controls and features are incorporated in the design of new facilities and/or in the facility modifications.

i. or its functional counterpart (Safety Officer) shall review plans.2 Follow – up a. Development of the operation and maintenance manuals during construction. 2.7. shall verify the degree of risk control achieved in practice. Follow–up inspections shall be made at least once a year. They shall also be involved in the tests and commissioning of the fire protection system.7. 0 Page 53 of 66 f. In all phases of design. b.. the QASD-TMS shall be notified in advance to aid in identifying hazards and prevent their becoming built – in and difficult to correct. shall ensure that safety considerations have been followed. in coordination with QASD-TMS.1 Safety Review/Analysis Design of new installations and design modifications in existing ones are inherent functions of the Design and Development Department (DDD-TMS). 2. if no changes are made. The QASD-TMS. which include review and analysis of plans/drawings and specifications.3. Procedures and Methods for New and Modified Processes . specifications and test procedures for fire protection systems to ensure that applicable codes and standards are used during the design and development of new facilities and the modification or improvement of existing facilities. .3 Design Controls 2.3. etc. the DDD-TMS is responsible for ensuring that safety criteria/requirements are incorporated in the design documents. and shall examine existing facilities and processes periodically. specifications. Existing Facilities and Processes The Safety Officer.7.e. On the other hand. The inspections shall be made just before a new modified activity is made operational. drawings/plans. tender documents.CHAPTER 2 SAFETY PLAN REV.

systems. Special attention shall be given to electrical system. handling and inspection of materials. shall perform safety review of procedures developed for new or modified processes in their respective areas of responsibilities. Fire detection fighting system of appropriate capacity and capability shall be provided and designed to minimize the adverse effects of fires on structures. Only non–combustible and heat resistant materials shall be used whenever practicable. Automatic extinguishing systems. systems. No explosives. . high melting point insulation and flame resistant identification markers whenever practicable. systems and components.4 Fire Protection Safety Criteria/Requirements Structures. 0 Page 54 of 66 Considerations and evaluation criteria are similar to those for facilities. d. Fire fighting systems shall be designed to ensure that their rupture or inadvertent operation does not significantly impair the safety capability of these structures. The QASD-TMS/Safety Officer.7. The plant fire protection system shall include the following provisions: a. Physical barriers and fire–rated walls. Fire alarms and detection devices connected to the station communication system in the control room. b. and components. metal wire ways. 2. The presence of combustible supplies shall be limited in such areas as the control room to minimize possibility of fire.8 MATERIALS MANAGEMENT SAFETY Safety considerations shall be integrated in the storage. in the control room. 2. stand pipe and portable fire extinguishers as required.CHAPTER 2 SAFETY PLAN REV. c. such as metal cabinets. and components shall be designed and located to minimize the probability and effect of fires and explosions. gases or flammable liquids shall be stored or located in these areas to minimize or eliminate explosion hazards. Automatic fire detection equipment in those areas where fire danger is greatest. particularly. equipment and supplies and safe disposal of non-– toxic and toxic/hazardous waste materials. Safety–related systems should be designed and arranged to ensure that no single fire occurrence will jeopardize plant safety.

suitability. a. d.CHAPTER 2 SAFETY PLAN REV. e. 0 Page 55 of 66 2.1 Requisition Approving authorities of Purchase Requisitions for safety equipment shall be responsible for checking the following safety requirements in every item requested for purchase. Testing procedures and other requirements. and stability.8. Competitiveness – fair price that best satisfies the intended use. c. QASD/ESD-TMS.1. the concerned Safety Officers shall be the representative. b. permits and regulations. 2. b.1 Procurement 2. as the case may be. Product specification Product design Product usage / function Product quality Product suitability Product reliability All Purchase Requisitions for Safety Equipment shall be marked/stamped “Safety Equipment” and shall be reviewed/evaluated by the Safety Officers or for the Head Office. c. f. f. Compliance with government requirements. Capability – technical.1. Credibility and Experience – good track record and business reputation. In the functional areas. product quality.2 Supplier Selection and Accreditation At the Head Office. a safety accreditation team shall be formed. Reliability – based on service.8. financial and commercial. the membership of which shall include at least one representative from the QASD-TMS and one from the Materials Management Department (MMD)-Logistics. The team shall be responsible for the evaluation based on the following criteria: a.8. e. facilities and . offices. d. undertake physical inspection of the plants. The team shall examine the credentials and other pertinent documents of the supplier. to ensure that all safety and technical requirements based on OSH and company standards are complied with.

b. just and uniform evaluation of Safety Manufacturers.4 Receiving Inspection Deliveries of safety supplies and equipment shall be inspected by a receiving inspection team composed of three (3) representatives.8. 0 Page 56 of 66 equipment. (H. Dealers.O) shall be responsible for the immediate disposal of hazardous waste materials.1.8. Tax Clearance/Tax Declaration.1. A Memorandum Circular shall be developed to provide a system of accreditation including procedures and guidelines to effect fair. The PCO shall also be responsible for the development of procedure to address the safe handling. Distributors. Original Copy of purchase. one each from MMD. storage and disposal of waste and toxic materials. source surveillance of the product it sells.O. Traders and Suppliers. 2. Documentation such as Delivery Receipts.2 Waste Disposal The Pollution Control Officer (PCO) of the respective functional areas/power generating plants in coordination with the Environmental Management Dept. recommends the approval and issuance of Accreditation Certificate to complying suppliers.8.CHAPTER 2 SAFETY PLAN REV. and other documents that may be required.3 Product Selection Offers/Bids received by the Materials Management Dept. Technical specifications – item description and other material specifications shall be checked against the specifications provided in the Purchase Order. 2. .) for safety and technical evaluation to ensure compliance with safety requirements. 2. The criteria to be considered during receiving of procured safety equipment shall include the following: a./Procurement units for safety suppliers shall be referred to the concerned Safety Officers or the QASD/ESD-TMS (for H. Safety Officer/QASD/ESD-TMS and the requisitioner/end – user.

8. 2.3 Warehousing The Warehouse Property Officer/Custodian shall be responsible in implementing the following requirements. Unobstructed aisles and hallways to ensure smooth flow of traffic. 0 Page 57 of 66 2. heat. Most important of these markings are the following: • • • • • • • c. b. Maintenance of platforms and pallets. rain. racks. h. etc. Maintenance/operation requirement of handling equipment.3. such as bins. air conditioning. Qualifications of handling equipment personnel/operators. f. Proper protection from sunlight. racking. louvers. Pest control and treatment like fumigation shall be done every 2 years or as required. Safe working load Warning and precaution notice Loading and unloading points Floor bearing strength Lifting and attachment points Height and other loading gauge limitations Overhead pipes. g. venetian blinds. Spaces next to walls shall be kept clear at all times. 2. ventilation. drainage systems. Segregation of highly flammable or explosive stocks from non-flammables. cables and other services e.3. 2. b.3. c. i. All exits and aisles shall be kept clear at all times. humidity.8.1 Storage a. and proper withdrawal of stocks. Proper storing like stacking. dust and foreign materials by providing shutters. d. as required: . Adequate and proper safety signboards shall be posted conspicuously. Unobstructed access to fire hoses and extinguishers. binning.8.3 Inspection The inspection of warehouse as to the conditions of the following shall be made periodically. and others. Proper marking of storage equipment. d.8.2 Handling a.CHAPTER 2 SAFETY PLAN REV.

9 SAFETY INSPECTION AND REPORTING To detect and control potential safety downgrading incidents that could adversely affect NPC plant/ installations/projects/offices. fire alarm. h. forklifts and other mechanical handling devises. motor vehicles. This type of inspection shall also be performed to: a. Lighting and Ventilation level Steps. conveyors. Electronics/electrical equipment sensitive to environmental conditions and temperature changes. project. Good housekeeping requirements within the warehouse. Stocks susceptible to damage from destructive insects. Fire Protection system – This includes fire fighting equipment such as fire extinguisher. fire escape. e. the Safety & Health Committee and Supervisors to check and correct unsafe acts/conditions prevailing in the plant/installation/project/office. Electrical wiring including electrical conduits and plastic covered electric wires. . g. semi–monthly. balconies. a systematic safety inspection program shall be instituted. and semi–annually or at other suitable intervals. Machineries such as hoists. d. and offices or for certain types of equipment (such as elevators. b. 2. This outlines the requirements and techniques for the conduct of safety inspection to assure compliance with applicable safety codes and standards. complex. 2. These inspections shall be conducted by the Safety & Health Committee for the entire plant area.1 Periodic Inspection Periodic inspections are those scheduled at regular intervals. gangways and aisles. 0 Page 58 of 66 a. 2. chain and ropes. galleries including floor. power presses and fire protection/systems).1 Types of Inspection 2.9. fire hose.2 Intermittent Inspection Intermittent inspection done at irregular intervals shall be performed by the Safety Officer.CHAPTER 2 SAFETY PLAN REV. f. either weekly. etc. stairs. c.1. monthly.9. bins and racks. unfired pressure vessels.1.9. Determine the extent of existing hazards and to provide controls and safeguards.

2 Safety Inspector A good safety inspector shall possess the following qualifications: a. 2.1.2 Pre – requisites for Safety Inspection 2. 2.2. b.CHAPTER 2 SAFETY PLAN REV. 2. e. if and when any of the following conditions exists: a. Tactfulness Has attended the pertinent safety training and seminars as required by DOLE. b. A safety practitioner/consultant accredited by DOLE. .9.9.2.9.9.3 Inspection Schedules The schedule of the periodic inspection in the plant/installation/project/office shall be prepared by the Safety and Health Committee Chairman. Familiarity with accident potentials and location of hazards. c. An alarming increase in the occurrence of certain types of incidents.1 Procedures and/or Instructions Procedures and/or instructions describing the conduct of safety inspection shall be established and approved.2.9. d.3 Special Inspection Special Inspection shall be conducted by Safety Officer. f. in coordination with the Safety Officer. 2. Assess the state of industrial sanitation and food service facilities of a particular installation. Knowledgeable in the Corporate Safety Plan and Policies Knowledgeable in the Corporate Safety Code and Safety Procedures. copy furnished the respective functional heads. A directive from the Management/Safety & Health Committee to inspect the general or specific safety situation in any installation or project. 0 Page 59 of 66 b.

importance.subsequent inspections will be performed at one-year interval for b) c) .9. and operational adequacy. Evaluation reports shall provide a basis for initiating timely remedial or rehabilitation measures. A report of the findings and evaluation shall be prepared and submitted as soon as possible to the Plant Manager with copy furnished to the VP-Hydro Generation. which facilitates downstream releases. 0 Page 60 of 66 2. Subsequent Periodic Inspections . sufficient effort and funding is devoted to the program. safety. c. adequate maintenance is programmed. The FFWSDO-DRFFD shall conduct monitoring activities during periods when a reservoir is or is expected to be above the maximum pool of record or above a threshold level established from past performance. DRWD-DRFFD and Safety Officer during and immediately after any unusual loading events. timely reduction.the first periodic inspection and evaluation of a new earth dam shall be carried out immediately after topping out the embankment and prior to impoundment of the pool. interpretation and evaluation of the data occurs and.3. shall ensure the following: a.3 Dams Periodic Inspection and Continuing Evaluation Dams shall be periodically inspected and evaluated to ensure structural stability. The DRFFD.9. Special inspections shall be performed by Plant management. technical level of performance evaluation is adequate.CHAPTER 2 SAFETY PLAN REV. Second Periodic Inspection . informal. The Plant management shall evaluate performance and verify the adequacy of flood and outlet control gates and other equipment. and annual inspections. an appropriate level of instrumentation exists at each plant/project. Inspections shall be conducted as outlined below: a) Initial Periodic Inspection . 2. or its hazard potential. should be conducted between periodic inspections. b. including intermediate. Other inspections.the second inspection for new earth dam shall be made at a reasonable stage of the normal operating pool. e. in coordination with the Plant Manager. d.1 Program Implementation A comprehensive periodic inspection schedule will be established by DRFFD based on the plant size.

personnel designated by the Plant Manager/ Safety Officer and DRFFD shall make frequent observations of the dam and appurtenant structures. The purpose is to identify and report abnormal conditions and evidence of distress in accordance with training instructions and guidance.9. Intermediate Inspections . Selection shall be based on consequences of failure. namely: a. performance record and history of remedial measures. The Emergency Report – to be made without delay whenever immediate corrective action is necessary. The next two inspections will occur at two-year intervals and then be extended to a maximum interval of five-years. c. degree of routine observation. Intermediate inspections shall also be made of any portion of the dam exposed during dewatering that could not be accomplished during the scheduled periodic inspection. a natural event such as an earthquake. Informal Inspections .CHAPTER 2 SAFETY PLAN REV. Any unusual conditions that seem critical or dangerous shall be reported immediately to Plant management and DRFFD. as programmed by DRFFD in coordination with Plant management. 0 Page 61 of 66 d) e) the next two years. an intermediate inspection of all or some of the features may be scheduled. This report shall be submitted within five (5) working days after the inspection. A summary of the findings from intermediate inspections is to be included in the next periodic inspection report. if conditions warrant.4 Inspection Reports Inspection reports shall be clearly written in detail. b. . This report shall include actual safety activities and accomplishments. properly signed and endorsed to the Manager concerned who shall initiate the necessary corrective actions. if warranted. Three types of inspection reports shall be prepared. The Periodic Report – the summary of previous routine reports for a given period. The Routine Report – to cover those observations of unsatisfactory (non–emergency) conditions that should be corrected. Inspection intervals more frequent than indicated above shall be scheduled.for dams on a five-year inspection cycle. 2. age.

b. which includes all the findings/violations. In case of off-duty accidents which are categorized as “major or serious”. 2. within 24 hours.000 – Within 48 hours. Medical Evacuation Non Medical Evacuation 2. his immediate supervisor or superior. no matter how slight. Injury to Personnel or Injury from Unlawful act/s Fatality : Immediately or right after the incident. c. e. Recommendations. must be reported at once to his immediate supervisor/superior. Name of department. Amount of repair/replacement less than Php 100. Notification of Incidents/Accidents shall be as follows: 1. 0 Page 62 of 66 2. The report shall be addressed to his immediate supervisor. Name and designation of inspector (s) Date of report Summary of Inspection Report. plant/installation inspected. shall then personally report the accident or injury by accomplishing and submitting to the Safety Officer the Incident Investigation Report or Supervisor’s Report on Accident Investigation.000 – Not later than 24 hours. f. e.9. Employees shall report any person committing an unsafe act that violates this Manual. Injuries and Violations a. d. .6 Reporting of Office Accidents.9. The Safety Officer shall initiate the filing of complaint to disciplining authority for appropriate evaluation and action. Amount of repair/replacement estimated at more than Php 100.CHAPTER 2 SAFETY PLAN REV. : Not later than 24 hours : Within 48 hours. b.5 Contents of the Inspection Reports The following descriptive details shall be contained in each type of inspection reports: a. in case of the former’s incapacity. c. Any on-duty accidents sustained by an employee. the employee shall promptly advise or cause to be advised. d. Date and time of inspection. The employee or his immediate supervisor. Equipment Damage or Property Loss or damage from unlawful act/s.

the implementation of restrictions shall be reported as well. settlement. reservoir levels. 0 Page 63 of 66 2. Electric motor operating equipment overheating or stalling. c) d) e) f) g) h) i) j) k) l) m) n) o) . Abnormal increases or decreases of flow from foundation drains.9. Any significant change in uplift pressures under concrete structures. lock walls. If an engineering evaluation of the evidence of distress indicates the need for immediate remedial action.7 Reporting Dam Distress Evidence of distress shall be immediately reported to the highest personnel on-duty. Significant damage to. or vibration of outlet and spillway gates and large flow control devices. Significant damage to any structure. A post distress joint inspection shall be performed by Plant management and DRFFD to evaluate damages or changes caused by any event listed in the following subparagraph. and adjacent terrain as a result of seismic events. bridge piers. either during construction or after completion. spillway slopes or channels. Typical evidences of distress to report are: a) b) Sloughs.g. or cofferdams. structures. tilting or sliding of intake towers.. excessive deflection. Unusual vertical or horizontal movement or cracking of embankments or abutments. or adjacent to. Evidence of piping or muddy water boils in the area of a structure such as embankments. binding. Sinkholes or localized subsidence in the foundation of. Any significant increases in seepage quantities through or under embankments or abutments. structural joints. movements. embankments or other pertinent structures critical to the safe operation of the project. Excessive vibration. Erratic movement. displacement. If the distress is significant enough to require operational restrictions. unusual noises. such conditions shall be immediately reported to the Plant Manager. or face drains.CHAPTER 2 SAFETY PLAN REV. or changes in. foundations. or slides in embankments. or floodwalls). Any significant change in pore-water pressure in either embankments or their foundations or abutments. or vibration of concrete structures (e. dam monoliths. lock walls. or deflections of gate hoist operating equipment. Significant cracking of mass concrete structures. Excessive deflection. and lock and dam abutments. abutments. Actual hydraulic equipment operating pressure in excess of 125 percent of the normal operating pressure. groundwater conditions. binding.

b and c are to be recorded): a. inflow. c. Any other indications of distress or potential failure that could inhibit the operation of a project or endanger life and property. c. d. b. and discharge for power generation Time and discharge through the spillway at the peak of the dam discharge Time and new discharge when the Power Plant starts. Excess movement of penstock flexible couplings. or popping of lock miter gates. and time and route of the warning vehicles for the dissemination of the flood warning. stops or change its output Time and contents of notice and dissemination of the dam discharge warning. Reason for the gate operation Number of the gate operated. jumping. Penstocks or turbine spiral cases that show signs of distress such as deformation or cracking.9 Report on Flood Operation The Flood Operation Manager shall review the report on the flood operation and shall submit it to the FFWS Center within one (1) month after each flood operation containing the following items: a.8 Records of Dam Flood Operation Whenever the spillway gates of the Dam are operated regardless of whether there is actual discharge of water through the spillway or not. 0 Page 64 of 66 p) q) r) s) t) u) v) Erratic movement or unusual sounds. f. 2. Frequent power interruptions. g. Information on tropical cyclones received from the PAGASA through the FFWS Center Hyetograph at the telemetered rainfall stations Inflow. or severely corroded links. Failure of major mechanical or electrical equipment at local flood protection projects or locks and dams. Wire lifting cables or lifting chains having broken strands or deformed. outflow and reservoir water level hydrographs . starting time and closing time of each gate operation. such as bumping. and gate opening at the closing time of each gate operation Reservoir water level at starting time of each gate operation. then only items a.9. and time and route of the warning vehicles for the dissemination of the dam discharge warning Time and contents of dissemination of the flood warning. the Flood Operation Manager shall record and keep the following items (if there is no discharge. e. worn. b. discharge through the spillway.9. 2.CHAPTER 2 SAFETY PLAN REV.

. j.CHAPTER 2 SAFETY PLAN REV. flood warning.10. First Offense – Transfer or demotion in rank or salary of one grade or fine or suspension of from one month and one day to six months in its minimum period. Second Offense – Suspension of six months and one day to eight months in its medium period. f. Failure to provide or require the use of personal protective equipment whenever necessary. k. etc. Blocking /obstructing emergency exits. h. e. c. Tampering of power plant controls and equipment.1.2 Penalties The penalties for less grave offenses shall be made in accordance with the following schedule of penalties: a. Comments and recommendations on the flood model. flood forecasting.10 ADMINISTRATIVE SANCTIONS AND REWARDS 2. Unauthorized removal of firefighting equipment Allowing oneself to be relieved by an employee who is under the influence of liquor or drugs. Improper storage/stocking of materials and supplies. 2. b. Unauthorized alteration or deactivation of plant safety devices. l. 0 Page 65 of 66 d.1 Classification of Offenses Any violation of safety rules and regulations shall be classified as less grave offense as provided in NPC Corporate Safety Code.10.8.10 Documentation Requirements All types of inspection reports as discussed in Section 2. g.4 shall be treated as permanent records to be kept for future references and shall be subject to safety audit by QASD-TMS. Rule. The following and other analogous acts are considered less grave offenses: a. Failure to provide and maintain adequate cleaning equipment and materials for plant housekeeping purposes. Failure to initiate and implement proper waste disposal. 2. Failure to report accidents or untoward incidents within the prescribed period 2. i.9. b. posing danger to health or fire hazard. Failure to maintain fire fighting equipment in its operational capability. d. Smoking in prohibited areas.

power plants.10. Department Managers and their equivalents.10. 2005-39 (03 November 2005). 0 Page 66 of 66 c. 2. Vice Presidents. • Generation Plant Department Managers and their equivalents. They may request for the assistance of BID of the Office of the General Counsel. Fourth offense . Environment and Enercon (SEE) Awards and other similar NPC programs such as STAR and PRAISE. They may request for the assistance of BID of the Office of the General Counsel. Vice. 2.the offense shall be considered a grave offense and the penalties for grave offense shall apply.CHAPTER 2 SAFETY PLAN REV.Presidents concerned or persons in acting capacity or Officers–In-Charge. or persons in acting capacity or officers-in-charge. or persons in acting capacity or officers-in-charge. Authoriy to Impose Penalty Sr. for offenses committed by their immediate subordinates. Vice Presidents. They may request for the assistance of the Board of Inquiry and Discipline (BID) of the Office of the General Counsel. Revised Guidelines Governing NPC Corporate Safety.basis and open to all NPC employees. Authority to Investigate Cases • Head Office Sr. or persons in acting capacity or officers-in-charge for offenses committed by their immediate subordinates. . d. Vice Presidents.3 Delegation of Authority to Investigate Cases and Impose Penalty a.4 Rewards Rewards shall be launched on year round. projects and offices as provided in NPC Circular No. Third Offense – Suspension of eight months and one day to one year or demotion in rank or salary of not more than three grades in its maximum. • TMS/SPUG/Field Offices Department Managers and their equivalents. b.