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Understanding Genetics

Learning Intention: To develop a basic understanding of genetics & how it links to physical development during the prenatal stage of the lifespan

Lesson 3

Key Knowledge Physical, social, emotional & intellectual development from conception to late childhood

Key Skills Describe the characteristics of development from conception to late childhood

Learning Tasks: 1. Once we have read through & discussed pages 196 of your textbook, as well as the supplementary reading material ‘Prenatal Development’ from the Jacaranda text you are to fill out the ‘Understanding the Nature of Conception’ worksheet to demonstrate your understanding. You can use the internet to help you if you get stuck. 2. Using your knowledge from the previous task, as well as the ‘Dominant and Recessive Characteristic’ Handout and the ‘Ova’ or ‘Sperm’ in your possession, you will be creating your own baby to help strengthen your understanding of genetics and the role they play in the physical development during the prenatal stage of the lifespan. Follow the instructions below to create your baby:
a) If you have been given a sperm you are a male, and if you have been given an ova, you are a female. b) Pair up with someone of the opposite sex (in terms of whether they have been given an ova or sperm). c) Look at the Dominant and Recessive characteristics handout to now determine the physical characteristics of your child. Remember if you have one dominant & one recessive gene, you will take the characteristic from the dominant gene e.g. when looking at vision if you have a V and your partner has a v, the V will take precedence and therefore your child will be short or long sighted. d) Go through each characteristic & record your baby’s physical attributes on the ‘We are Having a Baby’ handout. e) Now name your baby and draw a picture of him/her as a baby or young child f) Present your child to the class.

Understanding the Nature of Conception…

With the assistance of your textbook & the internet fill in the gaps using the following terms (can be used more than once) Sex-linked, heterozygous, homozygous, dominant, recessive, phenotype, genotype, chromosomes, genes, two, BB, bb, Bb Within every human body cell we have 46 __________(23 pairs). Chromosomes are thread like structures that are made up of individual units of heredity known as _____________. Every body cell has_______genes for every characteristic. The actual gene combination in a cell is known as someone’s ____________. The actual physical characteristics that are expressed in an individual are known as their___________________. This is determined by the fact that some genes are__________ and others are _____________. _______________genes are usually represented by capital letters and if present in the genotype will be expressed, they are a stronger gene and will override other genes present. __________ genes are usually expressed by a small letter , and are weaker and will only be expressed in the phenotype if both genes in the genotype are _____________. In the genotype if both genes are the same, they are termed________________, they can either be both _____________ or both ___________, e.g.___________or_____________. In the genotype if both genes are different they are termed______________e.g__________ _________-________characteristics are carried on the X chromosomes. Due to the fact that the Y chromosomes is shorter there is no counter balancing gene or override the gene on the X chromosome. So that gene will be expressed as a phenotype and why boys are more likely to express a ________--___________characteristic and girls are usually carriers.

We Are Having a Baby!!!!!!!!!!!
Conception Game
Sex Gene: X or Y XY= Boy & XX= Girl
BIG LETTER= DOMINANT GENE & Small letter = recessive gene *Determine what your baby looks like by combining the genes from the ova (egg) & the sperm. Use the Dominant or Recessive handout to help you determine this.

Eye Colour:

Eye Lashes:


Hair Colour:



Hair Form:




Mid-digital hair:

Body Hair:

Tongue rolling:

Free ear lobes:

Eye size:

Nose type:

Widow’s peak:


Draw a picture of your baby & give him/her a name- you will be introducing your child to the class

Dominant & Recessive Characteristics
Eye colour: Brown (br), black (bl) or green (gr) is dominant over blue (blu) or grey (gre) eyes Hair colour: Blonde or fair hair (m) is recessive to dark hair (M) Hair form: Is determined by a pair of genes- Straight hair (CC), curly hair (cc) or wavy hair (Cc) Vision: Short or long sighted (V) are dominant over normal vision (v) Eye lashes: long lashes 10mm or more (S) are dominant to short eye lashes (s) Nose type: Roman nose is dominant (R) – draw nose of choice if you don’t get a R Freckles: Freckles (F) is dominant over no freckles (f) Lips: Broad lips (B) is dominant over think lips (b) Mid-digital hair: Mid-digital hair (H) is dominant over no hair (h) Bent little finger: Straight (t) little finger is recessive bent little finger (T) Widow’s peak: Where the hair line on the forehead tomes down to a peak in the middle, is dominant (W) to straight or curved hair lines (w) Dimples: Dimples (D) is dominant to no dimples (d) Polydactyl: Polydactyl, that is extra fingers & toes are dominant (O) to normal number of digits (o) Height: Dwarfism (G) is dominant over normal height (g) Body hair: Abundant body hair (A) is dominant to little body hair (a) Eye size: Large eyes (I) are dominant small eyes (i) Hearing: Normal hearing (Q) is dominant to congenital deafness (q) Free ear lobes: Free ear lobes (Z) are dominant to attached area loves (z) Nostrils: Broad nostrils (N) are dominant to narrow nostrils (n)