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abash’t embarrassed and ill at ease; abashed. abyss Theol.

the primeval void or chaos before the Creation. Adamantine of or like adamant; very hard; unbreakable. alchymy an early form of chemistry studied in the Middle Ages, whose chief aim was to change base metals into gold and to discover the elixir of perpetual youth. Milton uses the word in this instance in its meaning of “metal.” Amarantin dark purplish-red. ambrosial of or fit for the gods; divine. Apocalypse any of various Jewish and Christian pseudonymous writings (c. 200 B.C-c. A.D. 300) depicting symbolically the ultimate destruction of evil and triumph of good. apostate one who has abandoned his belief, faith, cause, or principles. Archangel a chief angel; angel of high rank. arede advise. arrogate to claim or seize without right. Atlantean of or like Atlas; strong. behemoth a large beast mentioned in the Bible; in Milton’s time the term probably referred to the elephant. blasphemed to have spoken irreverently or profanely of or to God or sacred things. bower a place enclosed by overhanging boughs of trees or by vines on a trellis; arbor. brand [Archaic] a sword. catarrh inflammation of a mucous membrane, esp. of the nose or throat, causing an increased flow of mucus. Causey a causeway. Champaign a broad plain; flat, open country. Chaos the disorder of formless matter and infinite space, supposed to have existed before the ordered universe Milton personifies. Cherub one of the winged heavenly beings that support the throne of God or act as guardian spirits. colloquy a conversation, esp. a formal discussion. contemned to treat or think of with contempt; scorn.

efficacy effectiveness. Empyreal / Empyrean the highest heaven. unmanly. as a vault or the sky.] to fawn or flatter. especially in terms of reason and intellect. Milton uses the term to represent all the angels who make up the Heavenly Host. Milton uses the term in the sense that a man allows a woman to take his place in the natural hierarchy in which. the abode of God. or trifling. or could. high priests. fidelity. fealty loyalty. in context. Satan. Fiend here. not virile. Ethereal not earthly. gripe [Archaic] to grasp or clutch. among Christian poets. prescience. Used by Milton to describe Satan’s lies. Hail a greeting. bodily. Milton uses the term as a euphemism for sex. enthrallment [Now Rare] enslavement. which is the older meaning of the word. for Milton. to distress. viewed poetically as a solid arch or vault. afflict. effeminate having the qualities generally attributed to women. any plant of the figwort family having pale lavender flowers in leafy clusters. harbinger a person or thing that comes before to announce or give an indication of what follows. simply mean the setting sun. firmament the sky.Cope a large. anything that covers like a cope. Hesperian may refer to the Cape Verde Islands which were called the Hesperides. corporeal physical. frith a narrow inlet or arm of the sea. women were inferior to men. discount’nanc’t ashamed or embarrassed. toying. descry to catch sight of. not spiritual. discern. celestial. used by Raphael specifically to suggest the same greeting the angel of the Annunciation will used when he comes to Mary in Luke. disconcerted. foreknowledge knowledge of something before it happens or exists. herald. euphrasy eyebright. Hierarchies the leaders or chiefs of religious groups. . oppress. dalliance flirting. capelike vestment worn by priests at certain ceremonies. glozing [Obs. heavenly.

in bodily form. the temporary abode or state of all holy souls after death. lantskip landscape (a Dutch word whose form had not changed in English in Milton’s time). nuptial of marriage or a wedding. marish [Archaic] a marsh. well-watered. noise. obdurate stubborn.hyaline transparent as glass. deep ranks with shields overlapping and spears extended. genial. arrogant. inclined. the capital of Hell. imperious overbearing. Lazar-house a house of the diseased and dying. Pandemonium any place or scene of wild disorder. neither heaven nor hell. oracle any person or agency believed to be in communication with a deity. The Son will become incarnate to save Man. . especially for lepers. irriguous moist. orison a prayer. Adam is identified in Paradise Lost as the patriarch of all Mankind. patriarch the father and ruler of a family or tribe. of the souls of infants or others dying in original sin but free of grievous personal sin. obliquities not level or upright. loath unwilling. obstinate. domineering. the eternal abode or state. here. glassy. intercessor one who pleads or makes a request in behalf of another or others. justify to show to be just. right. phalanx an ancient military formation of infantry in close. impregn impregnate. reluctant. those dying before the coming of Christ. swamp. esp. or confusion. incarnate endowed with a body. ounce lynx or panther. jocund cheerful. ineffable too overwhelming to be expressed or described in words. inflexible. Limbo in some Christian theologies. omnific creating all things. or. vindicate. a human body. or in accord with reason.

esp. Milton uses the word to describe a meeting or conjunction of the stars astrologically. tumid swollen. bulging. wisdom. spume to foam or froth. Seraph. redound to come back. prevenient antecedent to human action. diligent. quaternion a set of four. Milton uses Prime in the sense of dawn. Purlieu orig. umbrage shade. assigned to the first hour of daylight. made up of or containing fat or oil. sapience knowledge. Acheron. shadow. unctuous oily or greasy. Seraphim any of the highest order of angels. Elmo’s Fire which often led the foolish astray. Styx. sedulous working hard and steadily. Milton uses the word to describe one of the elements of ignis fatuus or fool’s fire. puissant powerful. foliage. progeny children. the first hour of daylight. easily understood. descendants. a phenomenon like St. Prime a part of the Divine Office orig. solace an easing of grief.. considered as shade-giving. Cocytus. rue an herb with yellow flowers and bitter-tasting leaves. recoil (upon). discomfort. Phlegethon the four rivers of Hell. an outlying part of a forest. strong. Synod any assembly or council. Stygian of or characteristic of the river Styx and the infernal regions. react. or offspring. sagacious having or showing keen perception or discernment and sound judgment.plebeian one of the common people. transpicuous transparent. Seneschal a steward or major-domo in the household of a medieval noble. . loneliness.. propitiation gracious. infernal or hellish.

subject. visage the face. rights. . wanton [Now Rare] luxuriant (said of vegetation. with reference to the expression. servant. welkin the vault of heaven. wicket a small door or gate. or unexpected action. etc. a position. slave. property. eccentric. vagaries an odd. and hold in possession by force or without right.usurp to take or assume power. the sky. esp. vassal / vassalage a subordinate. one set in or near a larger door or gate. Used by Milton for Heaven’s Gate. verdant covered with green vegetation. countenance. etc. etc.). wont accustomed: used predicatively.