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UNIVERSIDAD DE CARABOBO

FACULTAD DE CIENCIAS DE EDUCACIÓN


DEPARTAMENTO DE IDIOMAS MODERNOS
CÁTEDRA: GRAMATICA Y LINGÜÍSTICA INGLESA
ASIGNATURA: LINGÜÍSTICA APLICADA

PHONETICS AND PHONOLOGY

1. Consider the following data from an artificial language. In each line, the same word occurs in both columns A and B, but it
has one prefix in column A, meaning a or an, and another prefix in column B meaning fat.
A B
[lapanse] a chicken [wapanse] fat chicken
[lam te] a dog [wam te] fat dog
[laambipi] an iguana [waambipi] fat iguana
[laten si] a pig [waten si] fat pig
[laenn bem n] a worm [waenn bem n] fat worm
[laken si] a cat [waken si] fat cat

 Are nasal vowels in this language phonemic?


 Are they predictable? Why?
 Are [t] and [k] allophones of one phoneme? Why?
 What is the phonemic representation of the word meaning “worm”?
 If the phonemic representation of the word meaning “fat cow” is [wabimkemi] give the phonemic and the
phonetic representation of the word meaning “ a cow”
 State in notations all the phonological rules that you can account for in this language.

2. The English sound /d/ has two allophones:


 Which allophone is present in each of the following words.
 Describe them and specify their distribution
 State the rule in phonetic notations
 What kind of phonological process accounts for the production of this allophone in English?

A B C
doctor conduct daddy
distinct adscription cuddle
dollar admonition model

3. In Katerimepita, an artificial language, the sounds [tš], [t], [ts] and [ ] make one single sound.
[tatami] [totemo] [utsi] [tsitsi]
[natšu] [tšukue] [tetšudau] [mate a]
 Which one makes the best underlying sound? State its distribution.
 Are they in free variation or in complementary distribution?
 State the rule that account for each variation.

4. Re-write in notations the following rules:


 Vowels become nasal when they occur between nasal consonants
 Alveo-palatal fricative voiceless becomes alveo-palatal affricate voiceless when it occurs before alveolar stop
voiceless