1. ORIGINAL jurisdiction over cases involving ambassadors, other public ministers and consuls; petitions for certiorari, prohibition, mandamus, quo warranto and habeas corpus(concurrent with RTC). 2. Review, revise, reverse, modify, or affirm on appeal or certiorari, final judgments of lower courts in: Cases in which the constitutionality or validity of any treaty, international or executive agreement, law, decree, proclamation, order, instruction, ordinance or regulation is in question; Cases involving the legality of any tax, impost, assessment, or toll, or any penalty imposed thereto; Cases involving the jurisdiction of lower courts; All criminal cases in which the penalty imposed isreclusion perpetua or higher; All cases in which only an error or question of law is involved.

1. ORIGINAL jurisdiction to issue writs of mandamus, prohibition, certiorari, habeas corpus, and quo warranto, and auxiliary writs or processes, whether or not in aid of its appellate jurisdiction (concurrent with SC and RTCs) 2. EXCLUSIVE original jurisdiction over actions for annulment of judgments of RTCs. 3. EXCLUSIVE appellate jurisdiction over all final judgments, decisions, resolutions, orders or awards of RTCs and quasi-judicial agencies, bodies, or commissions, EXCEPT those which fall within the appellate jurisdiction of the SC, namely: a. COMELEC; b. Commission on Audit; c. Sandiganbayan.

I. EXCLUSIVE ORIGINAL A. CIVIL CASES Cases where the subject of the litigation is incapable of pecuniary estimation; Involving the title to, or possession of, real property, or any interest therein, where the assessed value of the property involved exceeds P20,000/ P50,000, EXCEPT actions for forcible entry and unlawful detainer; All actions in admiralty and maritime jurisdiction where the demand or claim exceeds P200,000/P400,000; Probate proceedings, both testate and intestate, where the gross value of the estate P200,000/P400,000; In all actions involving the contract of marriage and marital relations; In all cases not within the exclusive jurisdiction of any court, tribunal, person or body exercising jurisdiction; In all civil actions and special proceedings falling within the exclusive original jurisdiction of a Juvenile and Domestic Relations Court and of the Court of Agrarian Relations as now provided by law; and In all other cases in which the demand, exclusive of interest, damages of whatever kind, attorney's fees, litigation expenses, and costs or the value of the property in controversy exceeds P200,000/P400,000; B. CRIMINAL CASES All criminal cases not within the exclusive jurisdiction body EXCEPTthose within the jurisdiction of the Sandiganbayan. of any court, tribunal, or

N.B. RTC has jurisdiction over criminal cases where the penalty imposable:

(Series of 1986). Summary judicial proceedings brought under the provisions of the "Family Code of the Philippines". Petitions for support and/or acknowledgment. custody of children. 7610. JURISDICTION OF THE FAMILY COURTS (R. and Cases of domestic violence against: .A. habeas corpus in relation to the latter. Executive Order No. * SC). Petitions for the constitution of the family home." as amended by Republic Act No. there is no manifest intent to repeal or alter the jurisdiction in libel cases. from the provisions of R. if only a fine is imposable  Manzano vs.Exceeds 4 years 2 mos 1 day imprisonment. ORIGINAL * Issuance of writs of certiorari.A. Special law (RPC) must prevail overgeneral laws (RA 7691). Violations of Republic Act No. shall be suspended without need of application pursuant to the "Child and Youth Welfare Code". irrespective of fine Exceeds fine of P4000. Cases against minors cognizable under the Dangerous Drugs Act. However. 8369) Family Courts shall have exclusive original jurisdiction to hear and decide the following cases: Criminal cases where: One or more of the accused is below eighteen (18) years of age but not less than nine (9) years of age. termination. R. case is decided on the basis of decision and supporting affidavits. Petitions for: Declaration of status of children as Abandoned Dependent OR Neglected children Voluntary or involuntary commitment of children. APPELLATE All cases decided by the lower courts (MTCs) in their respective territorial jurisdictions. Petitions for adoption of children and the revocation thereof. and other related laws. Complaints [for]: Annulment of marriage Declaration of nullity of marriage Those relating to marital status and property relations of: Husband and wife OR Those living together under different status and agreements. OR One or more of the victims is a minor at the time of the commission of the offense. quo warranto. The sentence. however. That if the minor is found guilty. Petitions for guardianship. In actions affecting ambassadors and other public ministers and consuls (concurrent with * Over offenses committed NOT in relation with public office with imprisonment exceeding 6 years committed by public officers classified as salary grade 27 or higher * Over election contests for municipal offices. Pre-week reviewer in remedial law. Art. III. The suspension. prohibition. NOTE: no trial de novo.mandamus. Provided. Exploitation and Discrimination Act. 7658. 7691. as amended. or restoration of parental authority and other cases cognizable under "Child and Youth Welfare Code". II. Valera Libel is punishable by prision correcional in its minimum and medium periods. habeas corpus and injunction which may be enforced in any part of their respective regions (concurrent with SC and CA). 360 of the RPC gives jurisdiction over libel cases to the RTC. 7691 places jurisdiction over criminal cases where the penalty is 6 years or less with the MTCs. 56.A. AND Petitions for dissolution of conjugal partnership of gains. the court shall promulgate sentence and ascertain any civil liability which the accused may have incurred. otherwise known as the "Special Protection of Children Against Child Abuse. Also.

neglect. Other civil cases EXCEPT probate proceedings. said incident shall be determined in that court. integrity and freedom of movement.000. resolved to determine question of possession. If an act constitutes a criminal offense. CRIMINAL CASES * * * * Violations of city or municipal ordinances. and other forms of physical abuse such as battering or threats and coercion which violate a woman's personhood. irrespective of fine. Exclusive original jurisdiction over cases of forcible entry and unlawful detainer.000/200. Contested lots the value of which does not exceed P100. exclusive of interest and cost. CIVIL CASES Civil actions and probate proceedings. where the total amount of the claim does not exceed P10. 3.000/50.000/200. All offenses punishable with not more than 4 years 2 mos 1 day imprisonment. EXCLUSIVE ORIGINAL 1. attorney’s fees not exceeding P20.000. All offenses punishable by only a fine of not more than P4.000. or are likely to result in physical. B. DELEGATED JURISDICTION in cadastral and land registration cases covering: 1. attorney’s fees and costs. JURISDICTION OF THE MUNICIPAL TRIAL COURTS. although MTC may still have jurisdiction if value of property does not exceed P20. ELECTION CASES Offense of failure to register or failure to vote. testate and intestate. B. AND Children  Includes the commission of all forms of abuse. exploitation. METROPOLITAN TRIAL COURTS AND THE MUNICIPAL CIRCUIT TRIAL COURTS A. including the grant of provisional remedies where the demand. Election contests for barangay offices. CRIMINAL CASES *Violation of traffic laws. Actions involving title or possession of real property where the assessed value does not exceed P20. Offenses involving damage to propertythrough criminal negligence.000. Decisions and orders of the court shall be appealed in the same manner and subject to the same conditions as appeals from the ordinary Regional Trial Courts. and discrimination and all other conditions prejudicial to their development. Actions involving personal propertyvalued at not more than P100. If any question involving any of the above matters should arise as an incident in any case pending in the regular courts. and case becomes one for recovery of possession de jure (accion publicicana). violence. CIVIL CASES All cases of forcible entry and unlawful detainer irrespective of amount of damages or unpaid rentals.000 if quieting of ownership. MTC loses jurisdiction. cruelty.Women  Acts of gender based violence that results. rules. does not exceed P100.000/50. damages. the accused shall be subject to criminal proceedings and the corresponding penalties. sexual or psychological harm or suffering to women. Lots where there is no controversy or opposition.000. regulations *Violation of rental laws .000. issue of ownership resolved only to determine issue of possession. exclusive of interest.  After lapse of 1 year.000.  decisions of the MTC in these cases are appealable to the CA Summary Procedure Cases Applicable A. without question of ownership. 2. OR 2.

petition. mandamus.000. and the dispute relates to the performance of his official functions. or any subdivision or instrumentality thereof. Prohibited pleadings and motions * * * * * * * * the court * * * * * Motion to dismiss or quash EXCEPT for lack of jurisdiction over subject matter or failure to comply with Katarungang Pambarangay (LGC) requirements Motion for bill of particulars Motions for new trial. or salesman JURISDICTION OF THE KATARUNGANG PAMBARANGAY (UNDER THE LOCAL GOVERNMENT CODE OF 1991) 1. or salesman * Cases involving specific performance of contractual and statutory obligations filed by buyers of subdivision lots or condominium units against the owner. AND That no conciliation or settlement has been reached as certified by the lupon/pangkat secretary as attested to by lupon chairman or pangkat chairman. or unless such settlement has been repudiated by the parties thereto 2. reconsideration. dealer. irrespective of other imposable penalties or of the amount of civil liability *Damage to property through criminal negligence where the fine does not exceed P10. unless: There has been a confrontation between the parties before the lupon chairman or pangkat. re-opening Petition for relief from judgment Motion for extension of time to file pleadings. dealer. broker. unless the parties thereto agree to submit their difference to amicable settlement by an appropriate Lupon. No complaint. Disputes subject to Conciliation Requirement: All disputes between parties actually residing in the same city or municipality  HOWEVER. .*Violations of city or municipality ordinances *All other criminal cases where the penalty does not exceed 6 months or a fine of P1000 or both. the court in which non-criminal cases not falling within the authority of the Lupon may. 3. EXCEPTIONS TO CONCILIATION REQUIREMENT (SC Circular 14-93) Where one party is the government. Where the dispute involves real properties located in different cities and municipalities. developer. Where one party is a public officer or employee. and prohibition against any interlocutory order issued by Motion to declare defendant in default Dilatory motion for postponement Reply Third-party complaints Motion for intervention JURISDICTION OF THE HOUSING AND LAND USE REGULATORY BOARD (HLURB) EXCLUSIVE jurisdiction over * Unsound real estate business practices * Claims involving refund and any other claims filed by subdivision lot or condominium unit buyer against the project owner. affidavits Memoranda Petition for certiorari. developer. at any time before trial. broker. refer the case to the lupon for amicable settlement. action or proceeding involving any matter within the authority of the lupon shall be filed or instituted directly in court or any other government office for adjudication.

Any complaint by or against corporations. 46 & 47. Offenses where there is no private offended party. 226.00). PROCEDURE FOR AMICABLE SETTLEMENT: upon petition and referral of case motu proprio to . AND * Actions which may be barred by the Statute of Limitations. 171 SCRA 442.A. they are deemed waived. Offenses for which the law prescribes a maximum penalty of imprisonment exceeding one (1) year or a fine over five thousand pesos (P5. Where the dispute arises from the Comprehensive Agrarian Reform Law (CARL) (Sections. Disputes where urgent legal action is necessary to prevent injustice from being committed or further continued. et al. 6657). Any class of disputes which the President may determine in the interest of justice or upon the recommendation of the Secretary of Justice. * Petitions for habeas corpus by a person illegally deprived of his rightful custody over another or a person illegally deprived of his liberty or one acting in his behalf. Escayo. Labor Code. specifically the following: * Criminal cases where accused is under police custody or detention. since only individuals shall be parties to Barangay conciliation proceedings either as complainants or respondents (Sec. actually resides. partnerships or juridical entities. otherwise. EFFECT OF NON-COMPLIANCE: Dismissal upon motion of defendants for failure to state cause of action or prematurity. which grants original and exclusive jurisdiction over conciliation and mediation of disputes. Katarungang Pambarangay Rules). 6. at the option of the complainant Disputes involving real property or interest Barangay where property is situated therein Disputes arising at the workplace where Barangay where such workplace or institution the contending parties are employed. Legal questions that might arise in resolving such objections before the punong barangay are to be submitted to the Secretary of the DOJ.000. Rule VI. as amended. EXCEPT: * * parties who actually reside inbarangays of different cities or Where such barangay units adjoin each other. * VENUE OF PROCEEDINGS: Situation Parties reside in samebarangay Parties reside in differentbarangays Venue That barangay Barangay where respondent. whose ruling shall be binding.. OR Suspension of proceedings appropriatebarangay authority. Art. R. delivery of personal property and support during the pendency of the action. which may be filed directly in court. or any of the respondents. attachment. grievances or problems to certain offices of the Department of Labor and Employment). or at is located the institution where such parties are enrolled for study  Objections to venue shall be raised in the mediation proceedings before the punong barangay. Disputes involving municipalities. * Actions coupled with provisional remedies such as preliminary injunction. Actions to annul judgment upon a compromise. 5. AND The parties thereto agree to submit their differences to amicable settlement by an appropriate Lupon. 1. Labor disputes or controversies arising from employer-employee relations (Montoya vs.

 During the 15-day period when the dispute is under mediation. parties must appear in person without the assistance of counsel or representatives.  If mediation or conciliation proved unsuccessful before punong barangay there having been no agreement reached to conciliate. and attempt to arrive at an amicable settlement. it shall arrive at said settlement or resolution of the dispute. the compromise agreed upon by the parties before the lupon/pangkat chair shall be submitted to the court and upon approval thereof. Issued by pangkat secretary and attested bypangkat chairman. orally or in writing. Punong Barangay shall not issue the certification (because now mandatory for him to constitute the Pangkatbefore whom mediation. CERTIFICATION OF BARANGAY AUTHORITIES (for filing a complaint in court) shall be issued only upon complying with the following requirements: Issued by lupon secretary and attested by luponchairman/ punong barangay. 8. b. if he fails within 15 days from date of first meeting. Amicable settlement shall have the force and effect of a final judgment upon the expiration of 10 days from date of amicable settlement. confrontation took place and conciliation settlement was reached. conciliation. and shall hear both parties and their witnesses. A petition to nullify the settlement is filed in the proper city or municipal court  The settlement agreed upon does not have the force and effect of a final judgment when the dispute is not within jurisdiction of the lupon but submitted to it. by action in the appropriate city of municipal court 9. shall have the force and effect of a judgment of said court. as requested by the proper party. where the dispute involves members of the same indigenous cultural community. or arbitration proceedings shall be held. on the ground of failure of settlement. EXECUTION OF AMICABLE SETTLEMENT: a. OR respondent failed to appear before punong barangay.) JURISDICTION OF THE SANDIGANBAYAN . Said interruption shall not exceed 60 days from said filing. In this case. that: There was a confrontation but no settlement. OR There was no personal confrontation without any fault on the part of the complainant. he shall set a date for the constitution of apangkat ng tagapagsundo (3 members. It is repudiated. * Lupon chairman shall make attempts at mediation. 7. the prescriptive periods for offenses. Thereafter. or Repudiation must be done within 10 days. or where one or more of the parties to the aforesaid dispute belong to the minority and the parties mutually agreed to submit their dispute to the indigenous system of amicable settlement. b. that Issued by the Punong Barangay. and for causes of action shall be interrupted upon filing of the complaint with the punong barangay. Within 15 days from the day it convenes. to the Punong Barangay of the place of settlement. but subsequently repudiated.EXCEPT for minors and incompetents who may be assisted by their next-of-kin who are not lawyers. and shall complain. unless: a. violence or intimidation. Such repudiation is a sufficient basis for the issuance of a certification for filing a complaint with the court. The grounds for repudiation are vitiation of consent by fraud. which shall be settled in accordance with the customs and traditions of that particular cultural community. Within 6 months from date of settlement: by the lupon. by filing a sworn statement with the lupon chairman. and there has been no settlement as certified by the datu or tribal leader or elder. to the lupon chairman of the barangay.  In all proceedings. chosen by the parties from the list of the members of the lupon) * Pangkat shall have power to issue summons.* Complainant pays appropriate filing fees.

directors or trustees. whether in a permanent. Petitions for the issuance of the writs of mandamus. vice-governors. or the office is a constituent element of the crime as defined in the statute. or Other offenses or felonies.Articles 210-212 of RPC)  Where one or more of the accused are officials occupying the following positions in the government. Officers of the Philippine National Police while occupying the position of provincial director and those holding the rank of senior superintendent or higher. engineers and other provincial department heads. 2. injunctions and other ancillary writs and processes in aid of its appellate jurisdiction: provided. C. 129. NOTES: . whether simple or complexed with other crimes Civil and criminal cases filed pursuant to and in connection with Executive Order Nos. acting or interim capacity. SB will exercise exclusive appellate jurisdiction on said cases. naval captains. certiorari.prohibition.e. namely. as well as the implementing rules that the Supreme Court has promulgated and may hereafter promulgate. or managers of government-owned or controlled corporations. assessors. or when the crime cannot exist without the office. 1379 (“An Act Declaring Forfeiture in Favor of the State of Any Property Found to Have Been Unlawfully Acquired By Any Public Officer or Employee and Providing for the Proceedings Therefor”). § 2 of the RPC (i.  The procedure prescribed in BP Blg. Chapter II. members of the sangguniang panlalawigan and provincial treasurers. vice-mayors. “in relation to his office” is absent or is not alleged in the information. City and provincial prosecutors and their assistants. original jurisdiction will be with either the MTC or RTC. at the time of the commission of the offense: * Officials of executive branch occupying positions classified as Grade 27 or higher. City mayors. committed by public officials and employees mentioned in #1.. Presidents. relative to appeals/petitions for review to the Court of Appeals shall apply to appeals and petitions for review filed with the Sandiganbayan. engineers and other city department heads. including quo warranto. Philippine army and air force colonels. without prejudice to the provisions of the Constitution (on impeachment) * Chairmen and members of the Constitutional Commissions.Violations of: “Anti-Graft and Corrupt Practices Act”. in relation to their office. * Members of Congress and officials thereof classified as Grade 27 or higher * Members of the Judiciary. and officials and prosecutors in the Office of the Ombudsman and special prosecutor. and all officers of higher rank.A. 1. * * * * * Officials of the diplomatic service occupying the position of consul and higher. 2. that the jurisdiction over these petitions shall not be exclusive of the Supreme Court and over petitions of similar nature. 14 and 14-A series of 1986. 1. city treasurers. R. specifically including: * * Provincial governors. members of the sangguniang panlungsod. the crime committed falls within the exclusive original jurisdiction of ordinary courts and not the SB.  The offense is committed in relation to the office if the offense is intimately connected with the office of the offender and perpetuated while he was in the performance of his official functions. 14 and 14-A (concurrent with SC)  If the last element. arising or that may arise in cases failed or which may be filed under Executive Order Nos. without prejudice to the provisions of the Constitution * All other national and local officials classified as Grade 27 or higher. habeas corpus. LUSIVE APPELLATE If none of the principal accused are occupying positions of grade 27 or higher. or Title VII. assessors. state universities or educational institutions or foundations.

or other matters arising under the NIRC. The Collector of Customs sitting in seizure and forfeiture proceedings has exclusive jurisdiction to hear and determine all questions touching on the seizure and forfeiture of dutiable goods. JURISDICTION OF THE COURT OF TAX APPEALS EXCLUSIVE APPELLATE JURISDICTION over: * Decisions of the Collector of Internal Revenue in cases involving disputed assessments. and no right to reserve the filing of such civil action separately from the criminal action shall be recognized. fees or other money charges. March 2000) RTCs are devoid of any competence to pass upon the validity or regularity of seizure and forfeiture proceedings conducted by the Bureau of Customs and to enjoin or otherwise interfere with these proceedings. If penalty imposed is death. whether or not the accused filed an appeal. seizure. and jointly determined in. . detention or release of property affected.  Jao v. prohibition or mandamus.The Regional Trial Courts are precluded from assuming cognizance over such matters even through petitions of certiorari. * Any provisions of law or Rules of Court to the contrary notwithstanding. including those employed in GOCCs. b. penalties imposed in relation thereto. the same proceeding by the Sandiganbayan or the appropriate court. * Decisions of the Commissioner of Customs in cases involving liability for customs duties. review by the Supreme Court shall be automatic. * Decisions of the Sandiganbayan: a. shall be tried jointly with said public officers and employees in the proper courts which shall exercise exclusive jurisdiction over them. the decision shall be appealable to the SC by Notice of Appeal.* Private individuals charged as co-principals. refunds of taxes. and * Decisions of provincial or city Boards of Assessment Appeals in cases involving the assessment and taxation of real property or other matters arising under the Assessment Law. the criminal action and the corresponding civil action for the recovery of civil liability arising from the offense charged shall at all times be simultaneously instituted with. and other matters arising under the Customs Law. Appealable to the SC by petition for review on certiorari raising pure questions of law in accordance with Rule 45 of the Rules of Court. forfeitures. If SB imposes penalty of reclusion perpetua or higher. or other matters arising penalties imposed in relation thereto. c. fines. CA (reiterated in Bureau of Customs v. Ogario. The proper remedy is to appeal to the Commissioner of Customs and thereafter to the Court of Tax Appeals. fees or other charges. accomplices or accessories with the public officers or employees.

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