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JAN BREWER Gov. Jan Brewer (R-AZ) assumed the governorship in 2009, after then-Gov.

Janet Napolitano (D-AZ) resigned. She was elected to a full term in 2010. Under the state constitution, she cannot run for re-election in 2014 because governors are permitted to serve a maximum of two consecutive terms.1 Gov. Brewers inclusion stems from: (1) improper intervention in the states redistricting process; (2) awarding of unnecessary bonuses; (3) spending excessively on travel; and (4) advocating for new voter identification restrictions. PRESSURING PUBLIC OFFICIALS Improper Intervention in Redistricting Process After Arizonas bipartisan redistricting commission drafted new maps that would have made Democratic candidates competitive in a majority of the states congressional districts, Gov. Brewer successfully urged the state Senate to impeach the commissions chairwoman, Colleen Mathis, a political independent, based on allegations that the commission had failed to meet constitutional criteria.2 Gov. Brewer said the commission had produced a flawed product and improperly prioritized constitutional requirements in an effort to make districts more competitive.3 In addition, Gov. Brewer reportedly wanted to remove the two Democrats on the commission but wasnt able to muster enough state Senate votes to do so.4 The Arizona Supreme Court eventually reinstated Ms. Mathis, finding she had not committed the substantial neglect of duty or gross misconduct the state constitution requires to justify her removal.5 MISMANAGEMENT Unnecessary Bonuses In June 2010, by executive order, Gov. Brewer moved to eliminate the state commerce department and replace it with a public-private entity called the Arizona Commerce Authority (ACA).6 In November 2010, she announced that Don Cardon, the director of the old commerce department, would head the new authority.7 On August 30, 2011, the ACA board, which is appointed and headed by Gov. Brewer, awarded Mr. Cardon a three-year contract.8 The contract
Arizona state law treats a partial term as a full term. Nevertheless, Gov. Brewer has mentioned the possibility of running for a third term and her former general counsel has publicly suggested she could seek a court ruling that would allow her to run. See Sean Peick, Despite Law, Some Say 3rd Term for Brewer is Possible, Cronkite News Service, December 12, 2012. 2 Alex Isenstadt, Colleen Mathis Impeached by Jan Brewer, Arizona Senate, Politico, November 1, 2011. 3 Id. 4 Red and Blue: Redistricting Battle Heats Up, Arizona Public Media, November 3, 2011. 5 Court Reinstates Ousted Head of Arizona Redistricting Panel, Los Angeles Times, November 17, 2011; Mary Jo Pitzl, Court Orders Reinstatement of Redistricting Official, Arizona Republic, November 18, 2011. 6 Press Release, Governor Jan Brewer Establishes New Arizona Commerce Authority Significant Economic Development Measures on the Horizon, Office of the Governor, State of Arizona, June 29, 2010. 7 Press Release, Governor Jan Brewer Announces Don Cardon Will Stay as President and CEO of Arizona Commerce Authority, Arizona Commerce Authority, November 30, 2010. 8 Elvina Nawaguna-Clemente, Commerce Authority Head Don Cardon Gets Big Raise in New Economic Role, Cronkite News Service, September 2, 2011.

called for Mr. Cardon to receive a $117,000 raise over his old commerce department salary, bringing it to $300,000. In addition, he received a $50,000 signing bonus, a monthly $1,000 car stipend, six weeks of paid time off a year, and an extra $30,000 allowance paid by private donors to cover additional expenses.9 A few months later, on January 11, 2012, Mr. Cardon announced he was resigning from the ACA.10 Gov. Brewer, who chairs the agency, supported the agencys executive committees decision to give him a discretionary bonus of $60,657.11 The state paid the bonus, though Team ACA, a nonprofit fundraising organization associated with the ACA and also headed by Mr. Cardon, said it would reimburse the state for the bonus and half of Mr. Cardons salary.12 ACA justified the bonus by saying Mr. Cardon helped create thousands of jobs and millions of dollars in new investments.13 Those numbers included jobs businesses had promised to create but that did not yet exist, and capital investments projected but not yet made.14 Excessive Spending on Travel Gov. Brewer and two members of her staff spent roughly $32,000 on a European trade trip in May and June of 2012.15 Gov. Brewer and her chief of staff flew business class.16 In addition, the delegation spent more than $3,500 on meals and Internet access and incurred $4,160 in cancellation fees after switching hotels.17 Taxpayers paid for more than half of the trip.18 Team ACA, the nonprofit fundraising group set up to raise money for the ACAs budget and a state promotional account funded by private donations paid for the rest.19 The nonprofits board includes representatives from businesses, including Arizona-based Apollo Group, Alliance Bank of Arizona, and JP Morgan Chase.20 Team ACA has only disclosed some contributors, and watchdogs have criticized it for failing to disclose information about its donors and contribution amounts.21

Id. Mike Sunnucks, Don Cardon Steps Down as CEO of Arizona Commerce Authority, Phoenix Business Journal, January 11, 2012. 11 Craig Harris, Former Arizona Commerce Authority CEO Don Cardons Bonus Stirs Questions, Arizona Republic, August 9, 2012. 12 Id. 13 Id. 14 Id. 15 Yvonne Wingette Sanchez, Brewer, Aides Spend $32,000 on Europe Trade Trip, Arizona Republic, September 18, 2012. 16 Id. 17 Id. 18 Id. 19 Mike Sunnucks, Info on Private Arizona Fundraising Group, Team ACA, Hard to Come By, Phoenix Business Journal, September 13, 2012; Paul Davenport, Brewer, Aides Spend $32,000 on Europe Trade Trip, Associated Press, September 18, 2012. 20 Jeremy Duda, The Veiled Power Behind Arizona Commerce, Arizona Capitol Times, October 15, 2012. 21 Jeremy Duda, Arizonas Team ACA Punts on Disclosure Policy, Arizona Capitol Times, October 19, 2012.

PARTISAN POLITICS Voter ID In 2004, voters approved a measure known as Proposition 200, with support from then-Secretary of State Brewer.22 Among other requirements, Prop 200 required voters to show proof of citizenship when registering to vote and photo identification at polling stations.23 The law was challenged in federal court by a coalition of voting rights groups, and in October 2006, the 9th Circuit Court of Appeals temporarily suspended the law pending further litigation.24 Later that month, then-Secretary of State Brewer appealed the hold to the U.S. Supreme Court.25 The Supreme Court vacated the appellate courts hold and sent the case back to the lower courts without ruling on the merits.26 In October 2010, the 9th Circuit Court of Appeals struck down the laws proof of citizenship requirement.27 The state appealed the decision, and in June 2013, the Supreme Court ruled that the laws proof of citizenship requirement was unconstitutional.28

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Michelle Ye Hee Lee, Appeals Court Strikes Down Voter-ID Law, Arizona Republic, October 27, 2010. Id. 24; Michael Kirkland, Voter ID Fight Finally Reaches High Court, UPI, October 21, 2012; David G. Savage, Supreme Court Will Decide on Arizona Voter ID Law, Los Angeles Times, October 15, 2012. 25 Press Release, Sec. of State Brewer Expresses Alarm and Concern Over Court Decision, Arizona Department of State, October 5, 2006; Press Release, Sec. of State Brewer Gets ID at Polls Reinstated, Arizona Department of State, October 20, 2006. 26 Kirkland, UPI, Oct. 21, 2012; Linda Greenhouse, Supreme Court Allows Arizona to Use New Voter-ID Procedure, New York Times, Oct. 21, 2006. 27 Ye Hee Lee, Arizona Republic, Oct. 27, 2010. 28 AZ Voter ID Law Ruled Unconstitutional, Arizona Public Media, June 17, 2013.