Release Coats

by Jimmy Lampley

April, 08

Definition of Release Coat
What is a “release coat?”…..A coat/coating that will relieve, liberate, release, or free (as from restraint) when desired/ required.

Release Coat Schematic
Release Coat

Substrate:

Treated(Corona/chemical/primer)

Roll of tape

Adhesive

Types of Adhesive
Hot melt Natural Rubber SIS, SBS Acrylate Others

Substrates
Films: PE, PP, PET, PVC, Acetate,
Perforated PE, Nonwoven PET

Paper Foil Cloth: Plain, PE coated

Release Coats Types
Silicone Non-silicone

Non-Silicone
WATER
Polyurethane Urethane-Acrylic Fluoro-polymer PET/acrylic Vinylacetate/Acrylic Polysaccharide

SOLVENT
PVODC PVSC Polyethylenimine Octadecyl Carbamate (PEIODC)

Types of Release Coat
Type
Release Level

Acrylate
1.0-1.5N/c

Carbamate
0.1-0.7N/c

Silicone
0.01-0.1N/c

9-21 oz/in Chemical Name Fluorochemical

1-6.5 oz/in PVODC

0.1-1 oz/in Silicone

Types of Application
Engraved Cylinder (rotogravure) Meyer Rod Reverse Doctor Blade Flexo Need treatment (corona/chemical/primer)

Curing/Drying
Must dry web of solvent or water Reach a temperature to remove fully the solvent or water Most release coats must also reach a specific temperature to set, or film form Web temperature/not air temperature Assure the drying oven is free of obstructions

Film Forming Temperatures
Release Coat
Polyurethane Ure-Acrylic PET/Acrylic Vinylacetate/acrylic Polysaccharid

Temp., C
100 Dry of water 100 145 Dry of water

Temp., F
212 Dry of water 212 300 Dry of water

Film Forming Temperatures
Release Coat
Fluorpolymer, RA-110W Fluorpolymer, RA-120W PVODC PVSC PEIODC

Temp., C
138 Dry of water 80-92 >80 Approx. 90

Temp., F
280 Dry of water 176-196 >176 Approx. 190

General Properties of Release Coats
Liquid vs Powder Water-blended vs Solvent-blended A specific level of release, i.e. N/cm or Oz/in Any FDA requirements Long shelf life Aging at elevated temperature & humidity

Chemistries
PVODC PVSC PEIODC

Carbamate Release Coat Chemistry
OH CH2–CH–CH2–CH CH2–CH + C18H35N=C=O OH n Polyvinyl Alcohol Octadecyl Isocyanate
n

O –C–N–C18H35 O H H Polyvinyl Octadecyl Carbamate

Carbamate Release Coat Chemistry
OH CH2–CH CH2–CH–CH2–CH +
C18H37N=C=O C16H37N=C=O
n

OH n
Polyvinyl Alcohol

O –C–N–C18/16H35 O H H
Polyvinyl Stearyl Carbamate

Octadecyl Isocyanate Hexadecylisocyanate

Carbamate Release Coat Chemistry
[H2N-(CH2–CH2N)x CH2CH2NH2
Poly-Ethylenimine

-(CH2CH2NH)y]

(CH2-CH2N)n (C19H37NOC2H5N)X
Pyridine

+ C18H37N=C=O
Octadecyl Isocyanate

Polyethylenimine Octadecyl Carbamate

Performance Differences

Film Forming Temp

Anchorage

Melt Point

Solubility

PEIODC

PVODC

PVSC

Performance Differences

Film Forming Temp

Anchorage

Melt Point

Solubility

PEIODC

PVODC

PVSC

Cloud Point vs. Solvent
Temperature
0.3 0.5 0.7 1 1.5

Release Coat Solution % Solids
100% Toluene 15% Toluene/85% Heptane

Release Coat Weight vs.% Maximum Release
Proper Film Forming Temperature Reached
100% 80% 60% 40% 20% 0%

% Maximum Release

0.1

0.2

0.5

1

1.5

2

3

% Solids Release Coat

Coat Weight vs. Maximum Release
Proper Film Forming Temperature NOT Reached

% Maximum Release

100 80 60 40 20 0 0.1 0.2 0.5 1 1.5 2 3

% Solids Release Coat

Release Coat Use Questions
Oven Drying Capabilites (What web temp. can be obtained?) Recirculation equipment Temperature requirements Printable or not (What kinds of inks or with pencil/pen?) Foaming issues (with water based)

Water-Based Release Coat
Preferred Emulsion Polymer system
R R R R R R

Water-Based Release Coat
Relative Release Values
A ll S ilic o n e Vin yla c e t a t e / a c rylic Ure t h a n e - A c rylic A c rylic

700

Pull Strength Value

600 500 400 300 200 100 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15

Relative Amount of Release

Water-Based Release Coat
Relative Release Values
Vin yla c e t a t e / a c rylic Ure th a n e - A c rylic

700

Pull Strength Value

600 500 400 300 200 100 0

RA-130W

Escoat WFX 120 Escoat WPM80

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10 11

12 13 14 15

Relative Amount of Release

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