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# Code No: V3212/R07

CAD/CAM (Mechanical Engineering) Time: 3 Hours Answer Any FIVE Questions All Questions Carry Equal Marks *****

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## III B.Tech II Semester Regular Examinations, Apr/May 2010

Max Marks: 80

1. (a) Explain the conventional process of the product cycle in the manufacturing environment. (b) What are the limitations in utilizing the sweep method for geometric construction? [8+8 M] 2. (a)Describe various commonly used primitives for solid modeling and explain the Boolean operations. (b)Give an example of how the centralized integrated database concept can help with the what-if situations that arise during the design process. [8+8 M] 3. (a) How do you specify a plotter for graphics application? (b)A scaling factor of 3 is applied in the Y direction while no scaling is applied in the X direction to the line whose two end points are at coordinates (1, 4) and (5, 6). The line is to be rotated subsequently through 60o, in the counter clockwise direction. Determine the necessary transformation matrix for the operation and the new coordinates of the end points. [8+8 M] 4. (a) Write in detail about clipping, hidden surface removal. (b) What are the Graphics Standards? Why are they necessary for Computer Graphics? [8+8 M] 5. (a) Discuss (i) direct numerical control, (ii) Computer numerical control. (b) What do you understand by APT Programming? [8+8 M] 6. The top surface of a large cast iron plate is to be face milled. The area to be machined is 340-mm wide and 500-mm long. The insert type face milling cutter has eight teeth and is 80 mm in diameter. Define the origin of the axis system at the lower left corner of the part with the long side parallel to the Y-axis. Write the APT geometry and motion statements for this job. [16 M]
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## Code No: V3212/R07

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7. (a) Explain in detail about FMS Architecture (b) Describe about the Computer Integrated Manufacturing and its benefits over conventional Manufacturing. [8+8 M] 8. (a) Distinguish between contact inspection and non-contact inspection methods. (b) Explain in detail about material handling systems in CIM Environment. [8+8 M]

## Code No: V3212/R07

CAD/CAM (Mechanical Engineering) Time: 3 Hours Answer Any FIVE Questions All Questions Carry Equal Marks *****

^ E

## III B.Tech II Semester Regular Examinations, Apr/May 2010

Max Marks: 80

1. (a) What is meant by Interactive Computer Graphics? Explain its various elements. (b) What are the hardware requirements of a Design workstation? Explain. [8+8 M] 0 2. (a)Perform a 30 rotation of the triangle A (0,0), B (1,2), C (5,2) i) about origin ii) about point P(-1,-2). (b)Explain how the curves are represented in (i) Generic form (ii) Parametric form. [8+8 M] 3. (a) How are solid modelers categorized? Explain the generic architecture of any solid modeler. Name some popular solid modelers. (b) Explain about the display control commands, editing and dimensioning. [8+8 M] 4. (a)What is a machining center? How it differs from conventional CNC milling machine? (b)Describe the function of a post processor in computer aided of part programming. [8+8 M] 5. A turning operation is to be performed on an NC lathe. Cutting speed = 3.5 m/sec, feed = 0.3 mm/rev, and depth = 2.0 mm. Work piece diameter = 90 mm and its length = 300 mm. Determine (a) the rotational speed of the work bar. (b) The feed rate, (c) the metal removal rate and (d) the time to travel from one end of the part to the other. [8+8 M] 6. (a)What factors must be considered while selecting a classification and coding system? (b) Discuss the advantages and the limitations of OPITZ code system. [8+8 M] 7. (a)Describe hardware configuration of CIM with the help of a sketch. (b)Describe in detail the relative advantages of U-shaped machine layout used in GT. [8+8 M]

## Code No: V3212/R07

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8. (a) Explain in detail about FMS Architecture (b) Describe about the Computer Integrated Manufacturing and its beefits over conventional Manufacturing. [8+8 M]

## Code No: V3212/R07

CAD/CAM (Mechanical Engineering) Time: 3 Hours Answer Any FIVE Questions All Questions Carry Equal Marks *****

^ E

## III B.Tech II Semester Regular Examinations, Apr/May 2010

Max Marks: 80

1. (a) What is CAD and what are its applications and benefits? (b) Explain various Graphics Transformations with examples? [8+8 M] 2. (a) What is shading? How is the shading of CSG model achieved? Explain any one shading algorithm for solids. (b) Describe the properties that a solid model should capture mathematically. [8+8 M] 3. (a) A physical space of (0, 0) to (225, 125) in mm is to be displayed on screen with a resolution of 1080 x 1024 pixels with an aspect ratio of 1. Find the necessary mapping required from physical coordinates to pixels. Also determine the pixel coordinates (only end points and no interpolations) of a line whose physical coordinates of end points are (55, 45) and (170, 70). (b) Describe the types of storage devices used in computers. [16 M] 4. (a) How do you set up CNC lathe for a machining operation? (b) How is a part programming written? What information goes in a block? [8+8 M] 5. Explain the Generative CAPP with an example. What are its relative advantages when compared to the Retrieval CAPP? [16 M] 6. (a) What is meant by tool off set compensation? Discuss its importance. (b) What are the characteristics of ATC? How do they differ from Turrets? [8+8 M] 7. (a) Bring out the differences between the Process type layout and GT layout. (b) Compare Lean Manufacturing with Mass production. [8+8 M] 8. (a) Explain about various methods to computer aided process planning (b) What do you understand by the Selection of Classification and Coding Systems in Group Technology? [8+8 M]

## Code No: V3212/R07

CAD/CAM (Mechanical Engineering) Time: 3 Hours Answer Any FIVE Questions All Questions Carry Equal Marks *****

^ E

## III B.Tech II Semester Regular Examinations, Apr/May 2010

Max Marks: 80

1. (a) List four reasons for implementation of CAD system? (b) Explain the concept of obtaining a reflection about an arbitrary line starting from the plain reflection about an axis. How do you obtain the orthographic projections of 3D geometric data base? [8+8 M] 2. (a) What is geometric modeling? Compare and contrast the various modeling techniques. (b)What is the need for concatenation of transformations? Explain what care should be taken in such cases. [8+8 M] 3. (a) What are the types of surfaces that CAD/CAM systems use? (b) Give an example of how the centralized integrated database concept can help with the what - if situations that arise during the design process. [8+8 M] 4. (a) How do you specify a plotter for graphics application? (b)A scaling factor of 4 is applied in the Y direction while no scaling is applied in the X direction to the line whose two end points are at coordinates (2, 4) and (7, 9). The line is to be rotated subsequently through 30o, in the clockwise direction. Determine the necessary transformation matrix for the operation and the new coordinates of the end points. [8+8 M] 5. (a) Describe the Optiz classification system in detail. (b) What factors must be considered while selecting a classification and coding system? [8+8 M] 6. (a) Discuss in detail about computer aided part programming and its limitations (b) Describe about Manual part programming with suitable examples. [8+8 M]

## Code No: V3212/R07

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7. (a)Describe hardware configuration of CIM with the help of a sketch. (b) Explain in detail about FMS Architecture. [8+8 M]

8. (a)Describe the various methods of work and tool probing in FMS. What are its benefits? (b) Compare Lean Manufacturing with Mass production. [8+8 M]