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Valve Regulated Lead Acid Battery

Technical Manual

TM

Is brought to you by HBL. The HP series is a premium design Valve Regulated Lead
Acid Battery, with world class features. These features make Triumph-HP the ideal choice for a broad range
of applications. This product has been manufactured under the controls established by a
quality/environmental management system that meets the requirements of ISO 9001 and ISO 14001.

Triumph - HP conforms to the Specifications of :


IEC / EN 60896-21 & 22
BS 6290 part IV
IEEE 1188, 1189 Specification
EUROBAT Guide 1999 - Classified as Long Life
Seismic UBC Zone IV steel Racks (for Specific Layout s)

Design and Construction

Positive Plate
Bus Bar
Negative Terminal

Negative Plate
Grid

Separator

Vent Assembly
Container & Cover

Positive Terminal

Positive Plate: Flat pasted type with Lead-calcium High Tin alloy grid to resist corrosion & for longer life.
Negative Plate: Flat pasted type with lead-calcium alloy grid for maintenance free characteristics.
Container: High impact Polypropylene co-polymer, ribbed jar design for better heat dissipation
and strength. Flame-retardant polypropylene UL 94 V 0/28% LOI is optional.
Separator: Low resistance, high porosity and highly absorbent type glass mat separator (AGM)
Electrolyte: High purity Sulphuric acid to maximize shelf life.
Terminals: High conductivity lead plated inserts.
Safety Valve: Self resealing, pressure regulated and explosion proof.
Container and cover sealing: Heat Sealing Method (Fusion bond) for better joint strength.

Triumph HP VRLA Batteries are tested and verified by


Intertek testing services as per IEC/EN 60896-21 & 22- 2004

The information provided in this manual is of general nature. In accordance with our policy of
continuous improvement, there may be changes in the data from time to time.

Unique features of Triumph-HP batteries


Features

Benefits

Horizontal plate stacking

Consistent performance and longer life


Better heat dissipation
Eliminates acid stratification

Ventilated module design

Excellent thermal management of battery


Resistant to thermal runaway

20 years designed life

A practically tested and proven VRLA Battery


suitable for 20 years life certified by independent
testing agency

Grid growth provision

Enhancement of battery life by prevention of


failure due to grid growth

Applications
Telecommunications

Power

Oil and Gas

Solar Photovoltaic Systems

Process control systems

UPS

Emergency Lighting

Railways

Specifications

Type of Charging

Constant Potential with Current Limited to 20%


of the rated capacity in amps

Float Voltage

2.250 0.005 VPC at 250C (770 F)

Boost Voltage

2.300 0.005 VPC at 250C (770 F)

AC Ripple

Shall not exceed 3% RMS

Operating Temperature

-200 C to 550C

Float Life at 250C (770F)

20 Years design life on full float with


recommended charging method

Cycle Life at 25 C (77 F)

1200 cycles at 80% Depth of Discharge


2000 cycles at 50% Depth of Discharge
4000 cycles at 20% Depth of Discharge

10
1

Product Specifications
Model
Type

Module Dimensions & Weight

Nominal
Capacity
(AH)at C10

No.of
basic cells
per module

Length
(+/-10mm)

Depth
(+/-10mm)

Height
(+/-10mm)

Weight
(Kg+/-5%)

Internal Res
of each cell
+
( 5%)m.ohms

Short Circuit
Current
in KA

80

775

315

193

59

1.434

1.45

T-100 HP

100

775

315

251

66

1.236

1.69

T-120 HP

120

775

315

251

74

1.026

2.03

T-160 HP

160

762

445

185

98

0.817

2.58

T-200 HP

200

770

445

220

119

0.660

3.19

T-240 HP

240

770

445

248

139

0.556

3.75

T-280 HP

280

770

445

288

155

0.481

3.75

T-300 HP

300

770

445

311

167

0.509

4.14

T-320 HP

320

770

445

311

179

0.499

4.22

T-360 HP

360

770

445

338

199

0.424

5.03

T-400 HP

400

770

445

211

118

0.370

5.52

T-440 HP

440

770

445

224

131

0.415

5.34

T-480 HP

480

770

445

252

137

0.289

7.27

T-500 HP

500

770

445

252

143

0.284

7.20

T-520 HP

520

770

445

252

149

0.270

7.83

T-560 HP

560

770

445

281

159

0.255

8.22

T-600 HP

600

770

445

281

169

0.244

8.75

T-650 HP

650

770

445

296

180

0.193

10.70

T-680 HP

680

590

705

240

155

0.340

6.22

T-760 HP

760

590

705

240

164

0.307

6.88

T-850 HP

850

590

705

240

176

0.283

7.46

T-925 HP

925

590

705

273

193

0.265

7.95

T-1000 HP

1000

590

705

273

209

0.246

8.60

T-1100 HP

1100

594

705

324

225

0.214

10.01

T-1200 HP

1200

594

705

324

240

0.195

10.54

T-1250 HP

1250

594

705

324

252

0.186

11.09

T-1360 HP

1360

600

705

369

269

0.164

12.58

T-1440 HP

1440

600

705

369

284

0.156

13.19

T-1500 HP

1500

600

705

369

302

0.153

13.47

T-1600 HP

1600

590

705

240

176

0.155

13.64

T-1700 HP

1700

590

705

240

176

0.149

14.22

T-1850 HP

1850

590

705

273

193

0.139

15.15

T-2000 HP

2000

590

705

273

209

0.129

16.38

T-2200 HP

2200

594

705

324

225

0.118

18.19

T-2350 HP

2350

594

705

324

240

0.107

19.16

T-2500 HP

2500

594

705

324

252

0.102

20.17

T-2650 HP

2650

600

705

369

269

0.094

21.88

T-2800 HP

2800

600

705

369

284

0.090

22.94

T-3000 HP

3000

600

302

0.088

23.43

T-3225 HP

3225

594

705

324

225

0.086

25.02

T-3500 HP

3500

594

705

324

240

0.078

26.34

T-3900 HP

3900

600

705

369

269

0.067

30.79

T-4000 HP

4000

600

705

369

269

0.066

31.26

T-4200 HP

4200

284

0.065

31.66

T-4300 HP

4300

600

705

369

284

0.064

32.15

T-4500 HP

4500

600

705

369

302

0.063

32.71

T-5000 HP

5000

594

705

324

252

0.060

34.13

T-5500 HP

5500

600

705

369

284

0.051

40.58

T-5800 HP

5800

302

0.050

41.45

600

600

705

705

705

369

369

369

Note : The dimensions are as per horizontal stacking arrangement.


: Nominal capacity is at the 10 hr rate discharge to an end cell voltage of 1.80 VPC at 250 C (770 F)
Indicates parallel models
: Other special design & configuration of battery system for specific application
shall be provided on request.

10
2

Module Details

Height

T-80 HP

Length

pth
De

Valve regulated lead acid batteries


Discharge characteristics in Amperes

Model
Type

To 1.67 ECV*

To 1.70 ECV*

Discharge in Minutes

Discharge in Minutes

Nominal
Capacity
(AH) at C10

10

15

30

60

10

15

30

60

T-80 HP

80

142.9

115.9

97.6

69.6

50.3

137.9

111.1

93.0

68.4

49.4

T-100 HP

100

178.6

144.9

122.0

87.0

62.9

172.4

138.9

116.3

85.5

61.7

T-120 HP

120

214.3

173.9

146.3

104.3

75.5

206.9

166.7

139.5

102.6

74.1

T-160 HP

160

286

232

195

139

101

276

222

186

137

99

T-200 HP

200

357

290

244

174

126

345

278

233

171

123

T-240 HP

240

429

348

293

209

151

414

333

279

205

148

T-280 HP

280

500

406

34 1

243

176

483

389

326

239

173

T-300 HP

300

536

435

366

261

189

517

417

349

256

185

T-320 HP

320

571

464

390

278

201

552

444

372

274

198

T-360 HP

360

643

522

439

313

226

621

500

419

308

222

T-400 HP

400

714

580

488

348

252

690

556

465

342

247

T-440 HP

440

786

638

537

383

277

759

611

512

376

272

T-480 HP

480

857

696

585

417

302

828

667

558

410

296

T-500 HP

500

893

725

610

435

314

862

694

581

427

309

T-520 HP

520

929

754

634

452

327

897

722

605

444

321

T-560 HP

560

1000

812

683

487

352

966

778

651

479

346

T-600 HP

600

1071

870

732

522

377

1034

833

698

513

370

T-650 HP

650

1161

942

793

565

409

1121

903

756

556

401

T-680 HP

680

1214

986

829

591

428

1172

944

791

581

420

T-760 HP

760

1357

1101

927

661

478

1310

1056

884

650

469

T-850 HP

850

1518

1232

1037

739

535

1466

1181

988

726

525
571

T-925 HP

925

1652

1341

1128

804

582

1595

1285

1076

791

T-1000 HP

1000

1786

1449

1220

870

629

1724

1389

1163

855

617

T-1100 HP

1100

1964

1594

1341

957

692

1897

1528

1279

940

679

T-1200 HP

1200

2143

1739

1463

1043

755

2069

1667

1395

1026

741

T-1250 HP

1250

2232

1812

1524

1087

786

2155

1736

1453

1068

772

T-1360 HP

1360

2429

1971

1659

1183

855

2345

1889

1581

1162

840

T-1440 HP

1440

2571

2087

1756

1252

906

2483

2000

1674

1231

889

T-1500 HP

1500

2679

2174

1829

1304

943

2586

2083

1744

1282

926

T-1600 HP

1600

2857

2319

1951

1391

1006

2759

2222

1860

1368

988

T-1700 HP

1700

3036

2464

2073

1478

1069

2931

2361

1977

1453

1049

T-1850 HP

1850

3304

2681

2256

1609

1164

3190

2569

2151

1581

1142

T-2000 HP

2000

3571

2899

2439

1739

1258

3448

2778

2326

1709

1235

T-2200 HP

2200

3929

3188

2683

1913

1384

3793

3056

2558

1880

1358

T-2350 HP

2350

4196

3406

2866

2043

1478

4052

3264

2733

2009

1451

T-2500 HP

2500

4464

3623

3049

2174

1572

4310

3472

2907

2137

1543

T-2650 HP

2650

4732

3841

3232

2304

1667

4569

3681

3081

2265

1636

T-2800 HP

2800

5000

4058

3415

2435

1761

4828

3889

3256

2393

1728

T-3000 HP

3000

5357

4348

3659

2609

1887

5172

4167

3488

2564

1852

T-3225 HP

3225

5759

4674

3933

2804

2028

5560

4479

3750

2756

1991

T-3500 HP

3500

6250

5072

4268

3043

2201

6034

4861

4070

2991

2160

T-3900 HP

3900

6964

5652

4756

3391

2453

6724

5417

4535

3333

2407

T-4000 HP

4000

7143

5797

4878

3478

2516

6897

5556

4651

3419

2469

T-4200 HP

4200

7500

6087

5122

3652

2642

7241

5833

4884

3590

2593

T-4300 HP

4300

7679

6232

5244

3739

2704

7414

5972

5000

3675

2654

T-4500 HP

4500

8036

6522

6250

5233

3846

2778

T-5000 HP

5000

8929

3086

T-5500 HP

5500

9821

T-5800 HP

5800

10357

5488

3913

2830

7759

7246

6098

4348

3145

8621

6944

5814

4274

7971

6707

4783

3459

9483

7639

6395

4701

3395

8406

7073

5043

3648

10000

8056

6744

4957

3580

* ECV - End Cell Voltage


*Performance of a fully charged cell at 250C (770 F)
10
3

Valve regulated lead acid batteries


Discharge characteristics in Amperes
To 1.75 ECV*
Discharge in Minutes

Discharge in Hours

Model
Type

Nominal
Capacity
(AH) at C10

10

15

30

1.5

10

T-80 HP

80

123.1

98.8

84.2

63.5

45.7

34.8

28.4

21.3

16.8

13.8

11.9

10.7

10

9.0

8.2

T-100 HP

100

153.8

123.5

105.3

79.4

57.1

43.5

35.5

26.6

21.0

17.2

14.9

13.3

12.5

11.3

10.3

T-120 HP

120

184.6

148.1

126.3

95.2

68.6

52.2

42.6

31.9

25.2

20.7

17.9

16.0

15

13.5

12.4

T-160 HP

160

246

198

168

127

91

70

57

43

34

28

24

21

20

18

16

T-200 HP

200

308

247

211

159

114

87

71

53

42

34

30

27

25

23

21

T-240 HP

240

369

296

253

190

137

104

85

64

50

41

36

32

30

27

25

T-280 HP

280

431

346

295

222

160

122

99

74

59

48

42

37

35

32

29

T-300 HP

300

462

370

316

238

171

130

106

80

63

52

45

40

38

34

31

T-320 HP

320

492

395

337

254

183

139

113

85

67

55

48

43

40

36

33

T-360 HP

360

554

444

379

286

206

157

128

96

76

62

54

48

45

41

37

T-400 HP

400

615

494

421

317

229

174

142

106

84

69

60

53

50

45

41

T-440 HP

440

677

543

463

349

251

191

156

117

92

76

66

59

55

50

45

T-480 HP

480

738

593

505

381

274

209

170

128

101

83

72

64

60

54

49

T-500 HP

500

769

617

526

397

286

217

177

133

105

86

75

67

63

56

51

T-520 HP

520

800

642

547

413

297

226

184

138

109

90

78

69

65

59

54

T-560 HP

560

862

691

589

444

320

243

199

149

118

96

84

75

70

63

58

T-600 HP

600

923

741

632

476

343

261

213

160

126

103

90

80

75

68

62

T-650 HP

650

1000

802

684

516

371

283

230

173

137

112

97

87

81

73

67

T-680 HP

680

1046

840

716

540

389

296

241

181

143

117

101

91

85

77

70

T-760 HP

760

1169

938

800

603

434

330

270

202

160

131

113

101

95

86

78

T-850 HP

850

1308

1049

895

675

486

370

301

226

179

146

127

113

106

96

88

T-925 HP

925

1423

1142

974

734

529

402

328

246

194

159

138

123

116

104

95

T-1000 HP

1000

1538

1235

1053

794

571

435

355

266

210

172

149

133

125

113

103

T-1100 HP

1100

1692

1358

1158

873

629

478

390

293

231

189

164

147

138

124

113

T-1200 HP

1200

1846

1481

1263

952

686

522

426

319

252

207

179

160

150

135

124

T-1250 HP

1250

1923

1543

1316

992

714

543

443

332

263

215

187

167

156

141

129

T-1360 HP

1360

2092

1679

1432

1079

777

591

482

362

286

234

203

181

170

153

140

T-1440 HP

1440

2215

1778

1516

1143

823

626

511

383

303

248

215

192

180

162

148

T-1500 HP

1500

2308

1852

1579

1190

857

652

532

399

315

258

224

200

188

169

154

T-1600 HP

1600

2462

1975

1684

1270

914

696

567

426

336

275

239

213

200

180

165

T-1700 HP

1700

2615

2099

1789

1349

971

739

603

452

357

293

254

227

213

192

175

T-1850 HP

1850

2846

2284

1947

1468

1057

804

656

492

389

318

276

247

231

209

191

T-2000 HP

2000

3077

2469

2105

1587

1143

870

709

532

420

344

299

267

250

225

206

T-2200 HP

2200

3385

2716

2316

1746

1257

957

780

585

462

379

328

293

275

248

227

T-2350 HP

2350

3615

2901

2474

1865

1343

1022

833

625

494

404

351

313

294

265

242

T-2500 HP

2500

3846

3086

2632

1984

1429

1087

887

665

525

430

373

333

313

282

257

T-2650 HP

2650

4077

3272

2789

2103

1514

1152

940

705

557

456

396

353

331

299

273

T-2800 HP

2800

4308

3457

2947

2222

1600

1217

993

745

588

482

418

373

350

316

288

T-3000 HP

3000

4615

3704

3158

2381

1714

1304

1064

798

630

516

448

400

375

338

309

T-3225 HP

3225

4962

3981

3395

2560

1843

1402

1144

858

678

555

481

430

403

364

332

T-3500 HP

3500

5385

4321

3684

2778

2000

1522

1241

931

735

602

522

467

438

395

360

T-3900 HP

3900

6000

4815

4105

3095

2229

1696

1383

1037

819

671

582

520

488

440

402

T-4000 HP

4000

6154

4938

4211

3175

2286

1739

1418

1064

840

688

597

533

500

451

412

T-4200 HP

4200

6462

5185

4421

3333

2400

1826

1489

1117

882

723

627

560

525

474

433

T-4300 HP

4300

6615

5309

4526

3413

2457

1870

1525

1144

903

740

642

573

538

485

443

T-4500 HP

4500

6923

5556

4737

3571

2571

1957

1596

1197

945

775

672

600

563

507

463

T-5000 HP

5000

7692

6173

5263

3968

2857

2174

1773

1330

1050

861

746

667

625

564

515

T-5500 HP

5500

8462

6790

5789

4365

3143

2391

1950

1463

1155

947

821

733

688

620

566

T-5800 HP

5800

8923

7160

6105

4603

3314

2522

2057

1543

1218

998

866

773

725

654

597

* ECV - End Cell Voltage


* Performance of a fully charged cell at 250C (770 F)
10
4

Valve regulated lead acid batteries


Discharge characteristics in Amperes
To 1.80 ECV*
Model
Type

Nominal
Capacity
(AH) at C10

Discharge in Minutes

Discharge in Hours

10

15

30

1.5

10

44.9

34.2

27.5

20.5

16.5

13.4

11.6

10.3

9.5

8.6

8.0

T-80 HP

80

119.4

95.2

81.6

61.5

T-100 HP

100

149.3

119.0

102.0

76.9

56.2

42.7

34.4

25.6

20.6

16.7

14.5

12.9

11.9

10.8

10.0

T-120 HP

120

179.1

142.9

122.4

92.3

67.4

51.3

41.2

30.7

24.7

20.0

17.4

15.5

14.3

12.9

12.0

T-160 HP

160

239

190

163

123

90

68

55

41

33

27

23

21

19

17

16

T-200 HP

200

299

238

204

154

112

85

69

51

41

33

29

26

24

22

20

T-240 HP

240

358

286

245

185

135

103

82

61

49

40

35

31

29

26

24

T-280 HP

280

418

333

286

215

157

120

96

72

58

47

41

36

33

30

28

T-300 HP

300

448

357

306

231

169

128

103

77

62

50

43

39

36

32

30

T-320 HP

320

478

381

327

246

180

137

110

82

66

53

46

41

38

34

32

T-360 HP

360

537

429

367

277

202

154

124

92

74

60

52

46

43

39

36

T-400 HP

400

597

476

408

308

225

171

137

102

82

67

58

52

48

43

40

T-440 HP

440

657

524

449

338

247

188

151

113

91

73

64

57

52

47

44

T-480 HP

480

716

571

490

369

270

205

165

123

99

80

70

62

57

52

48

T-500 HP

500

746

595

510

385

281

214

172

128

103

83

72

65

59

54

50

T-520 HP

520

776

619

531

400

292

222

179

133

107

87

75

67

62

56

52

T-560 HP

560

836

667

571

431

315

239

192

143

115

93

81

72

67

60

56

T-600 HP

600

896

714

612

462

337

256

206

153

124

100

87

77

71

65

60

T-650 HP

650

970

774

663

500

365

278

223

166

134

109

94

84

77

70

65

T-680 HP

680

1015

810

694

523

382

291

234

174

140

114

99

88

81

73

68

T-760 HP

760

1134

905

776

585

427

325

261

194

157

127

110

98

90

82

76

T-850 HP

850

1269

1012

867

654

478

363

292

217

175

142

123

110

101

92

85

T-925 HP

925

1381

1101

944

712

520

395

318

237

191

154

134

119

110

100

93

T-1000 HP

1000

1493

1190

1020

769

562

427

344

256

206

167

145

129

119

108

100

T-1100 HP

1100

1642

1310

1122

846

618

470

378

281

227

184

159

142

131

119

110

T-1200 HP

1200

1791

1429

1224

923

674

513

412

307

247

200

174

155

143

129

120

T-1250 HP

1250

1866

1488

1276

962

702

534

430

320

258

209

181

161

148

135

125

T-1360 HP

1360

2030

1619

1388

1046

764

581

467

348

280

227

197

175

162

147

136

T-1440 HP

1440

2149

1714

1469

1108

809

615

495

368

297

240

209

186

171

155

144

T-1500 HP

1500

2239

1786

1531

1154

843

641

515

384

309

250

217

194

178

162

150

T-1600 HP

1600

2388

1905

1633

1231

899

684

550

409

330

267

232

206

190

172

160

T-1700 HP

1700

2537

2024

1735

1308

955

726

584

435

351

284

246

219

202

183

170

T-1850 HP

1850

2761

2202

1888

1423

1039

791

636

473

381

309

268

239

220

199

185

T-2000 HP

2000

2985

2381

2041

1538

1124

855

687

512

412

334

290

258

238

216

200

T-2200 HP

2200

3284

2619

2245

1692

1236

940

756

563

454

367

319

284

261

237

220

T-2350 HP

2350

3507

2798

2398

1808

1320

1004

808

601

485

392

341

303

279

253

235

T-2500 HP

2500

3731

2976

2551

1923

1404

1068

859

639

515

417

362

323

297

269

250

T-2650 HP

2650

3955

3155

2704

2038

1489

1132

911

678

546

442

384

342

315

286

265

T-2800 HP

2800

4179

3333

2857

2154

1573

1197

962

716

577

467

406

361

333

302

280

T-3000 HP

3000

4478

3571

3061

2308

1685

1282

1031

767

619

501

435

387

356

323

300

T-3225 HP

3225

4813

3839

3291

2481

1812

1378

1108

825

665

538

467

416

383

348

323

T-3500 HP

3500

5224

4167

3571

2692

1966

1496

1203

895

722

584

507

452

416

377

350

T-3900 HP

3900

5821

4643

3980

3000

2191

1667

1340

997

804

651

565

503

463

420

390

T-4000 HP

4000

5970

4762

4082

3077

2247

1709

1375

1023

825

668

580

516

475

431

400

T-4200 HP

4200

6269

5000

4286

3231

2360

1795

1443

1074

866

701

609

542

499

453

420

T-4300 HP

4300

6418

5119

4388

3308

2416

1838

1478

1100

887

718

623

555

511

463

430

T-4500 HP

4500

6716

5357

4592

3462

2528

1923

1546

1151

928

751

652

581

534

485

450

T-5000 HP

5000

7463

5952

5102

3846

2809

2137

1718

1279

1031

835

725

645

594

539

500

T-5500 HP

5500

8209

6548

5612

4231

3090

2350

1890

1407

1134

918

797

710

653

593

550

T-5800 HP

5800

8657

6905

5918

4462

3258

2479

1993

1483

1196

968

841

748

689

625

580

* ECV - End Cell Voltage.


* Performance of a fully charged cell at 250C (770 F)
10
5

Valve regulated lead acid batteries


Discharge characteristics in Amperes
To 1.85 ECV*
Model
Type

Nominal
Capacity
(AH) at C10

10

15

30

1.5

10

T-80 HP

80

112.7

90.9

77.7

58.8

42.6

32.3

26.1

19.5

15.7

12.6

11.0

9.8

8.8

8.0

7.2

T-100 HP

100

140.8

113.6

97.1

73.5

53.2

40.3

32.6

24.4

19.6

15.8

13.7

12.2

11.0

10.0

9.1

T-120 HP

120

169.0

136.4

116.5

88.2

63.8

48.4

39.1

29.3

23.5

19.0

16.4

14.6

13.2

12.0

10.9

T-160 HP

160

225

182

155

118

85

65

52

39

31

25

22

20

18

16

14

T-200 HP

200

282

227

194

147

106

81

65

49

39

32

27

24

22

20

18

T-240 HP

240

338

273

233

176

128

97

78

59

47

38

33

29

26

24

22

T-280 HP

280

394

318

272

206

149

113

91

68

55

44

38

34

31

28

25

T-300 HP

300

423

341

291

221

160

121

98

73

59

47

41

37

33

30

27

T-320 HP

320

451

364

311

235

170

129

104

78

63

51

44

39

35

32

29

T-360 HP

360

507

409

350

265

191

145

117

88

71

57

49

44

39

36

33

T-400 HP

400

563

455

388

294

213

161

130

98

78

63

55

49

44

40

36

T-440 HP

440

620

500

427

324

234

177

143

107

86

70

60

54

48

44

40

T-480 HP

480

676

545

466

353

255

194

156

117

94

76

66

59

53

48

43

T-500 HP

500

704

568

485

368

266

202

163

122

98

79

68

61

55

50

45

T-520 HP

520

732

591

505

382

277

210

169

127

102

82

71

63

57

52

47

T-560 HP

560

789

636

544

412

298

226

182

137

110

88

77

68

61

56

51

T-600 HP

600

845

682

583

441

319

242

195

146

118

95

82

73

66

60

54

T-650 HP

650

915

739

631

478

346

262

212

159

127

103

89

79

71

65

59

T-680 HP

680

958

773

660

500

362

274

221

166

133

107

93

83

75

68

62

T-760 HP

760

1070

864

738

559

404

306

248

185

149

120

104

93

83

76

69

T-850 HP

850

1197

966

825

625

452

343

277

207

167

134

116

104

93

85

77

T-925 HP

925

1303

1051

898

680

492

373

301

226

181

146

127

113

101

92

84

T-1000 HP

1000

1408

1136

971

735

532

403

326

244

196

158

137

122

110

100

91

T-1100 HP

1100

1549

1250

1068

809

585

444

358

268

216

174

151

134

121

110

100

T-1200 HP

1200

1690

1364

1165

882

638

484

391

293

235

190

164

146

132

120

109

T-1250 HP

1250

1761

1420

1214

919

665

504

407

306

245

197

171

152

137

125

113

T-1360 HP

1360

1915

1545

1320

1000

723

548

443

332

267

215

186

166

149

135

123

T-1440 HP

1440

2028

1636

1398

1059

766

581

469

351

282

227

197

176

158

143

130

T-1500 HP

1500

2113

1705

1456

1103

798

605

489

366

294

237

205

183

164

149

136

T-1600 HP

1600

2254

1818

1553

1176

851

645

521

390

314

253

219

195

175

159

145

T-1700 HP

1700

2394

1932

1650

1250

904

685

554

415

333

269

233

207

186

169

154

T-1850 HP

1850

2606

2102

1796

1360

984

746

603

451

363

292

253

226

203

184

168

T-2000 HP

2000

2817

2273

1942

1471

1064

806

651

488

392

316

274

244

219

199

181

T-2200 HP

2200

3099

2500

2136

1618

1170

887

717

537

431

348

301

268

241

219

199

T-2350 HP

2350

3310

2670

2282

1728

1250

948

765

573

461

371

322

287

258

234

213

T-2500 HP

2500

3521

2841

2427

1838

1330

1008

814

610

490

395

342

305

274

249

226

T-2650 HP

2650

3732

3011

2573

1949

1410

1069

863

646

520

419

363

323

291

264

240

T-2800 HP

2800

3944

3182

2718

2059

1489

1129

912

683

549

442

384

341

307

279

254

T-3000 HP

3000

4225

3409

2913

2206

1596

1210

977

732

588

474

411

366

329

299

272

T-3225 HP

3225

4542

3665

3131

2371

1715

1300

1050

787

632

509

442

393

354

321

292

T-3500 HP

3500

4930

3977

3398

2574

1862

1411

1140

854

686

553

479

427

384

349

317

T-3900 HP

3900

5493

4432

3786

2868

2074

1573

1270

951

765

616

534

476

428

388

353

T-4000 HP

4000

5634

4545

3883

2941

2128

1613

1303

976

784

632

548

488

439

398

362

T-4200 HP

4200

5915

4773

4078

3088

2234

1694

1368

1024

824

664

575

512

461

418

380

T-4300 HP

4300

6056

4886

4175

3162

2287

1734

1401

1049

843

679

589

524

471

428

389

T-4500 HP

4500

6338

5114

4369

3309

2394

1815

1466

1098

882

711

616

549

493

448

408

T-5000 HP

5000

7042

5682

4854

3676

2660

2016

1629

1220

980

790

685

610

548

498

453

T-5500 HP

5500

7746

6250

5340

4044

2926

2218

1792

1341

1078

869

753

671

603

548

498

T-5800 HP

5800

8169

6591

5631

4265

3085

2339

1889

1415

1137

916

795

707

636

578

525

Discharge in Hours

Discharge in Minutes

* ECV - End Cell Voltage.


* Performance of a fully charged cell at 250C (770 F)
10
6

Valve regulated lead acid batteries


Discharge characteristics in Amperes
To 1.90 ECV*
Model
Type

Nominal
Capacity
(AH) at C10

10

15

30

1.5

10

T-80 HP

80

105.3

84.2

72.1

54.4

39.2

30.0

24.2

18.1

14.6

11.7

10.2

9.0

8.1

7.3

6.7

T-100 HP

100

131.6

105.3

90.1

68.0

49.0

37.5

30.2

22.6

18.2

14.6

12.7

11.3

10.2

9.1

8.3

T-120 HP

120

157.9

126.3

108.1

81.6

58.8

44.9

36.3

27.1

21.9

17.5

15.3

13.6

12.2

11.0

10.0

T-160 HP

160

211

168

144

109

78

60

48

36

29

23

20

18

16

15

13

T-200 HP

200

263

211

180

136

98

75

60

45

36

29

25

23

20

18

17

T-240 HP

240

316

253

216

163

118

90

73

54

44

35

31

27

24

22

20

T-280 HP

280

368

295

252

190

137

105

85

63

51

41

36

32

28

26

23

T-300 HP

300

395

316

270

204

147

112

91

68

55

44

38

34

30

27

25

T-320 HP

320

421

337

288

218

157

120

97

72

58

47

41

36

32

29

27

T-360 HP

360

474

379

324

245

176

135

109

81

66

53

46

41

37

33

30

T-400 HP

400

526

421

360

272

196

150

121

90

73

58

51

45

41

37

33

T-440HP

440

579

463

396

299

216

165

133

100

80

64

56

50

45

40

37

T-480 HP

480

632

505

432

327

235

180

145

109

87

70

61

54

49

44

40

T-500 HP

500

658

526

450

340

245

187

151

113

91

73

64

56

51

46

42

T-520 HP

520

684

547

468

354

255

195

157

118

95

76

66

59

53

47

43

T-560 HP

560

737

589

505

381

275

210

169

127

102

82

71

63

57

51

47

T-600 HP

600

789

632

541

408

294

225

181

136

109

88

76

68

61

55

50

T-650 HP

650

855

684

586

442

319

243

196

147

118

95

83

73

66

59

54

Discharge in Minutes

Discharge in Hours

T-680 HP

680

895

716

613

463

333

255

205

154

124

99

87

77

69

62

57

T-760 HP

760

1000

800

685

517

373

285

230

172

138

111

97

86

77

69

63

T-850 HP

850

1118

895

766

578

417

318

257

192

155

124

108

96

86

78

71

T-925 HP

925

1217

974

833

629

453

346

279

209

168

135

118

105

94

84

77

T-1000 HP

1000

1316

1053

901

680

490

375

302

226

182

146

127

113

102

91

83

T-1100 HP

1100

1447

1158

991

748

539

412

332

249

200

161

140

124

112

100

92

T-1200 HP

1200

1579

1263

1081

816

588

449

363

271

219

175

153

136

122

110

100

T-1250 HP

1250

1645

1316

1126

850

613

468

378

283

228

182

159

141

127

114

104

T-1360 HP

1360

1789

1432

1225

925

667

509

411

308

248

199

173

154

138

124

113

T-1440 HP

1440

1895

1516

1297

980

706

539

435

326

262

210

183

163

146

132

120

T-1500HP

1500

1974

1579

1351

1020

735

562

453

339

273

219

191

169

152

137

125

T-1600 HP

1600

2105

1684

1441

1088

784

599

483

362

291

234

204

181

162

146

133

T-1700HP

1700

2237

1789

1532

1156

833

637

514

385

310

248

217

192

173

155

142

T-1850 HP

1850

2434

1947

1667

1259

907

693

559

419

337

270

236

209

188

169

154

T-2000 HP

2000

2632

2105

1802

1361

980

749

604

452

364

292

255

226

203

183

167

T-2200HP

2200

2895

2316

1982

1497

1078

824

665

498

401

321

280

249

223

201

183

T-2350HP

2350

3092

2474

2117

1599

1152

880

710

532

428

343

299

266

239

215

196

T-2500 HP

2500

3289

2632

2252

1701

1225

936

755

566

455

365

318

282

254

228

208

T-2650HP

2650

3487

2789

2387

1803

1299

993

801

600

483

387

338

299

269

242

221

T-2800 HP

2800

3684

2947

2523

1905

1373

1049

846

633

510

409

357

316

284

256

233

T-3000 HP

3000

3947

3158

2703

2041

1471

1124

906

679

546

438

382

339

305

274

250

T-3225 HP

3225

4243

3395

2905

2194

1581

1208

974

730

587

471

411

364

327

295

269

T-3500 HP

3500

4605

3684

3153

2381

1716

1311

1057

792

638

511

446

395

355

320

292

T-3900HP

3900

5132

4105

3514

2653

1912

1461

1178

882

710

569

497

441

396

356

325

T-4000 HP

4000

5263

4211

3604

2721

1961

1498

1208

905

729

584

510

452

406

365

333

T-4200 HP

4200

5526

4421

3784

2857

2059

1573

1269

950

765

613

535

475

426

384

350

T-4300 HP

4300

5658

4526

3874

2925

2108

1610

1299

973

783

628

548

486

437

393

358

T-4500HP

4500

5921

4737

4054

3061

2206

1685

1360

1018

820

657

573

508

457

411

375

T-5000HP

5000

6579

5263

4505

3401

2451

1873

1511

1131

911

730

637

565

508

457

417

T-5500HP

5500

7237

5789

4955

3741

2696

2060

1662

1244

1002

803

701

621

558

502

458

T-5800 HP

5800

7632

6105

5225

3946

2843

2172

1752

1312

1056

847

739

655

589

530

483

* ECV - End Cell Voltage.


* Performance of a fully charged cell at 250C (770 F)
10
7

Valve regulated lead acid batteries


Discharge characteristics in Amperes for long duration discharges.
1.80ECV*
1.75 ECV*
Model
Type

Discharge in Hours

Nominal
Capacity
(AH) at C10

20

24

48

72

Discharge in Hours

100

120

20

24

48

72

100

120
1.0

T-80 HP

80

4.4

3.8

2.2

1.5

1.1

1.0

4.3

3.7

2.1

1.5

1.1

T-100 HP

100

5.5

4.8

2.7

1.9

1.4

1.3

5.4

4.6

2.6

1.8

1.3

1.2

T-120 HP

120

6.6

5.7

3.3

2.3

1.7

1.5

6.4

5.5

3.1

2.2

1.6

1.5

T-160 HP

160

8.8

7.7

4.3

3.0

2.2

2.0

8.6

7.3

4.2

2.9

2.2

1.9

T-200 HP

200

11.0

9.6

5.4

3.8

2.8

2.6

10.7

9.2

5.2

3.6

2.7

2.4

T-240 HP

240

13.2

11.5

6.5

4.5

3.4

3.1

12.9

11.0

6.3

4.4

3.2

2.9

T-280 HP

280

15.4

13.4

7.6

5.3

3.9

3.6

15.0

12.8

7.3

5.1

3.8

3.4

T-300 HP

300

16.5

14.4

8.1

5.7

4.2

3.8

16.1

13.8

7.8

5.5

4.0

3.6

T-320 HP

320

17.6

15.3

8.7

6.1

4.5

4.1

17.2

14.7

8.3

5.8

4.3

3.9

T-360 HP

360

19.8

17.2

9.8

6.8

5.0

4.6

19.3

16.5

9.4

6.6

4.8

4.4

T-400 HP

400

22.0

19.2

10.9

7.6

5.6

5.1

21.4

18.3

10.4

7.3

5.4

4.9

T-440 HP

440

24.2

21.1

11.9

8.3

6.2

5.6

23.6

20.2

11.5

8.0

5.9

5.3

T-480 HP

480

26.4

23.0

13.0

9.1

6.7

6.1

25.7

22.0

12.5

8.7

6.5

5.8

T-500 HP

500

27.5

24.0

13.6

9.5

7.0

6.4

26.8

22.9

13.0

9.1

6.7

6.1

T-520 HP

520

28.6

24.9

14.1

9.8

7.3

6.6

27.9

23.8

13.5

9.5

7.0

6.3

T-560 HP

560

30.8

26.8

15.2

10.6

7.8

7.1

30.0

25.7

14.6

10.2

7.5

6.8

T-600 HP

600

33.0

28.7

16.3

11.4

8.4

7.7

32.2

27.5

15.6

10.9

8.1

7.3

T-650 HP

650

35.8

31.1

17.6

12.3

9.1

8.3

34.9

29.8

16.9

11.8

8.7

7.9

T-680 HP

680

37.4

32.6

18.5

12.9

9.5

8.7

36.5

31.2

17.7

12.4

9.2

8.3

T-760 HP

760

41.8

36.4

20.6

14.4

10.6

9.7

40.8

34.8

19.8

13.8

10.2

9.2

T-850 HP

850

46.8

40.7

23.1

16.1

11.9

10.8

45.6

39.0

22.1

15.5

11.4

10.3

T-925 HP

925

50.9

44.3

25.1

17.5

12.9

11.8

49.6

42.4

24.1

16.8

12.5

11.2

T-1000 HP

1000

55.0

47.9

27.1

18.9

14.0

12.8

53.6

45.9

26.1

18.2

13.5

12.1

T-1100 HP

1100

60.5

52.7

29.9

20.8

15.4

14.0

59.0

50.4

28.7

20.0

14.8

13.4

T-1200 HP

1200

66.0

57.5

32.6

22.7

16.8

15.3

64.3

55.0

31.3

21.8

16.2

14.6

T-1250 HP

1250

68.8

59.9

33.9

23.7

17.5

15.9

67.0

57.3

32.6

22.7

16.8

15.2

T-1360 HP

1360

74.8

65.2

36.9

25.8

19.0

17.3

72.9

62.4

35.4

24.7

18.3

16.5

T-1440 HP

1440

79.2

69.0

39.1

27.3

20.2

18.4

77.2

66.0

37.5

26.2

19.4

17.5

T-1500 HP

1500

82.5

71.9

40.7

28.4

21.0

19.1

80.4

68.8

39.1

27.3

20.2

18.2

T-1600 HP

1600

88.0

76.7

43.4

30.3

22.4

20.4

85.8

73.4

41.7

29.1

21.5

19.4

T-1700 HP

1700

93.5

81.5

46.1

32.2

23.8

21.7

91.2

77.9

44.3

30.9

22.9

20.6

T-1850 HP

1850

101.8

88.6

50.2

35.0

25.9

23.6

99.2

84.8

48.2

33.7

24.9

22.5

T-2000 HP

2000

110.0

95.8

54.3

37.9

28.0

25.5

107.2

91.7

52.1

36.4

26.9

24.3

T-2200 HP

2200

121.0

105.4

59.7

41.7

30.8

28.1

118.0

100.9

57.3

40.0

29.6

26.7

T-2350 HP

2350

129.3

112.6

63.8

44.5

32.9

30.0

126.0

107.7

61.2

42.8

31.6

28.5

T-2500 HP

2500

137.5

119.8

67.9

47.3

35.0

31.9

134.0

114.6

65.1

45.5

33.7

30.4

T-2650 HP

2650

145.8

127.0

71.9

50.2

37.1

33.8

142.1

121.5

69.0

48.2

35.7

32.2

T-2800 HP

2800

154.0

134.2

76.0

53.0

39.2

35.7

150.1

128.4

73.0

51.0

37.7

34.0

T-3000 HP

3000

165.0

143.7

81.4

56.8

42.0

38.3

160.9

137.6

78.2

54.6

40.4

36.4

T-3225 HP

3225

177.4

154.5

87.5

61.1

45.1

41.1

172.9

147.9

84.0

58.7

43.4

39.2

T-3500 HP

3500

192.5

167.7

95.0

66.3

49.0

44.6

187.7

160.5

91.2

63.7

47.1

42.5

T-3900 HP

3900

214.5

186.9

105.9

73.9

54.6

49.7

209.1

178.8

101.6

71.0

52.5

47.4

T-4000 HP

4000

220.0

191.7

108.6

75.8

56.0

51.0

214.5

183.4

104.2

72.8

53.8

48.6

T-4200 HP

4200

231.0

201.2

114.0

79.5

58.8

53.6

225.2

192.6

109.4

76.4

56.5

51.0

T-4300 HP

4300

236.5

206.0

116.7

81.4

60.2

54.8

230.6

197.2

112.0

78.3

57.9

52.2

T-4500HP

4500

247.5

215.6

122.1

85.2

63.0

57.4

241.3

206.3

117.2

81.9

60.6

54.6

T-5000 HP

5000

275.0

239.6

135.7

94.7

70.0

63.8

268.1

229.3

130.3

91.0

67.3

60.7

T-5500 HP

5500

302.5

263.5

149.3

104.2

77.0

70.1

294.9

252.2

143.3

100.1

74.0

66.8

T-5800 HP

5800

319.0

277.9

157.4

109.8

81.2

74.0

311.0

265.9

151.1

105.6

78.1

70.4

* ECV - End Cell Voltage.


* Performance of a fully charged cell at 250C (770 F)
10
8

Valve regulated lead acid batteries


Discharge characteristics in Amperes for long duration discharges.
1.85 ECV*
1.90ECV*
Discharge in Hours

Discharge in Hours

Model
Type

Nominal
Capacity
(AH) at C10

20

24

48

72

100

120

20

24

48

72

100

120

T-80 HP

80

4.0

3.5

2.0

1.4

1.0

0.9

3.7

3.1

1.8

1.3

0.9

0.8

T-100 HP

100

5.0

4.4

2.5

1.7

1.3

1.1

4.6

3.9

2.2

1.6

1.2

1.1

T-120 HP

120

6.0

5.2

2.9

2.0

1.5

1.4

5.5

4.7

2.7

1.9

1.4

1.3

T-160 HP

160

8.0

7.0

3.9

2.7

2.0

1.8

7.3

6.3

3.6

2.5

1.9

1.7

T-200 HP

200

10.0

8.7

4.9

3.4

2.5

2.3

9.2

7.9

4.5

3.2

2.3

2.1

T-240 HP

240

12.0

10.5

5.9

4.1

3.0

2.7

11.0

9.4

5.4

3.8

2.8

2.5

T-280 HP

280

14.0

12.2

6.9

4.8

3.5

3.2

12.8

11.0

6.3

4.4

3.3

3.0

T-300 HP

300

15.0

13.1

7.4

5.1

3.8

3.4

13.7

11.8

6.7

4.7

3.5

3.2

T-320 HP

320

16.0

14.0

7.8

5.5

4.0

3.6

14.7

12.6

7.2

5.0

3.7

3.4

T-360 HP

360

18.0

15.7

8.8

6.1

4.5

4.1

16.5

14.2

8.1

5.7

4.2

3.8

T-400 HP

400

20.0

17.5

9.8

6.8

5.0

4.6

18.3

15.7

9.0

6.3

4.7

4.2

T-440 HP

440

22.0

19.2

10.8

7.5

5.5

5.0

20.2

17.3

9.9

6.9

5.1

4.7

T-480 HP

480

24.0

21.0

11.8

8.2

6.0

5.5

22.0

18.9

10.8

7.6

5.6

5.1

T-500 HP

500

25.1

21.9

12.3

8.5

6.3

5.7

22.9

19.7

11.2

7.9

5.8

5.3

T-520 HP

520

26.1

22.7

12.7

8.9

6.5

5.9

23.8

20.5

11.7

8.2

6.1

5.5

T-560 HP

560

28.1

24.5

13.7

9.5

7.0

6.4

25.7

22.0

12.6

8.8

6.5

5.9

T-600 HP

600

30.1

26.2

14.7

10.2

7.5

6.8

27.5

23.6

13.5

9.5

7.0

6.4

T-650 HP

650

32.6

28.4

15.9

11.1

8.2

7.4

29.8

25.6

14.6

10.2

7.6

6.9

T-680 HP

680

34.1

29.7

16.7

11.6

8.5

7.7

31.2

26.8

15.3

10.7

7.9

7.2

T-760 HP

760

38.1

33.2

18.6

12.9

9.5

8.7

34.8

29.9

17.1

12.0

8.9

8.1

T-850 HP

850

42.6

37.2

20.8

14.5

10.7

9.7

39.0

33.5

19.1

13.4

9.9

9.0

T-925 HP

925

46.3

40.4

22.7

15.8

11.6

10.5

42.4

36.4

20.8

14.6

10.8

9.8

T-1000 HP

1000

50.1

43.7

24.5

17.0

12.6

11.4

45.8

39.4

22.5

15.8

11.7

10.6

T-1100 HP

1100

55.1

48.1

27.0

18.7

13.8

12.5

50.4

43.3

24.7

17.3

12.8

11.7

T-1200 HP

1200

60.1

52.4

29.4

20.4

15.1

13.7

55.0

47.2

27.0

18.9

14.0

12.7

T-1250 HP

1250

62.6

54.6

30.6

21.3

15.7

14.2

57.3

49.2

28.1

19.7

14.6

13.3

T-1360 HP

1360

68.1

59.4

33.3

23.2

17.1

15.5

62.3

53.5

30.6

21.4

15.9

14.4

T-1440 HP

1440

72.1

62.9

35.3

24.5

18.1

16.4

66.0

56.7

32.4

22.7

16.8

15.3

T-1500 HP

1500

75.2

65.6

36.8

25.6

18.8

17.1

68.7

59.1

33.7

23.6

17.5

15.9

T-1600 HP

1600

80.2

69.9

39.2

27.3

20.1

18.2

73.3

63.0

36.0

25.2

18.7

17.0

T-1700 HP

1700

85.2

74.3

41.7

29.0

21.4

19.4

77.9

66.9

38.2

26.8

19.8

18.1

T-1850 HP

1850

92.7

80.9

45.4

31.5

23.2

21.1

84.8

72.8

41.6

29.1

21.6

19.7

T-2000 HP

2000

100.2

87.4

49.0

34.1

25.1

22.8

91.7

78.7

45.0

31.5

23.3

21.2

T-2200 HP

2200

110.2

96.2

53.9

37.5

27.6

25.0

100.8

86.6

49.5

34.7

25.7

23.4

T-2350 HP

2350

117.7

102.7

57.6

40.0

29.5

26.8

107.7

92.5

52.9

37.0

27.4

25.0

T-2500 HP

2500

125.3

109.3

61.3

42.6

31.4

28.5

114.6

98.4

56.2

39.4

29.2

26.6

T-2650 HP

2650

132.8

115.8

65.0

45.1

33.3

30.2

121.4

104.3

59.6

41.7

30.9

28.2

T-2800 HP

2800

140.3

122.4

68.6

47.7

35.2

31.9

128.3

110.2

63.0

44.1

32.7

29.7

T-3000 HP

3000

150.3

131.1

73.5

51.1

37.7

34.2

137.5

118.1

67.5

47.3

35.0

31.9

T-3225 HP

3225

161.6

141.0

79.1

54.9

40.5

36.7

147.8

127.0

72.6

50.8

37.6

34.3

T-3500 HP

3500

175.4

153.0

85.8

59.6

44.0

39.8

160.4

137.8

78.7

55.1

40.8

37.2

T-3900 HP

3900

195.4

170.5

95.6

66.4

49.0

44.4

178.7

153.5

87.7

61.4

45.5

41.4

T-4000 HP

4000

200.4

174.8

98.1

68.1

50.3

45.5

183.3

157.5

90.0

63.0

46.7

42.5

T-4200 HP

4200

210.4

183.6

103.0

71.6

52.8

47.8

192.5

165.4

94.5

66.2

49.0

44.6

T-4300 HP

4300

215.4

187.9

105.4

73.3

54.0

49.0

197.1

169.3

96.7

67.7

50.2

45.7

T-4500HP

4500

225.5

196.7

110.3

76.7

56.5

51.2

206.2

177.2

101.2

70.9

52.5

47.8

T-5000 HP

5000

250.5

218.5

122.6

85.2

62.8

56.9

229.1

196.9

112.5

78.8

58.3

53.1

T-5500 HP

5500

275.6

240.4

134.8

93.7

69.1

62.6

252.1

216.5

123.7

86.6

64.2

58.4

T-5800 HP

5800

290.6

253.5

142.2

98.8

72.9

66.0

265.8

228.3

130.5

91.4

67.7

61.6

* ECV - End Cell Voltage.


* Performance of a fully charged cell at 250C (770 F)
10
9

Valve regulated lead acid batteries


Discharge characteristics in Watts
1.67 ECV*
1.70 ECV*
Model
Type

Nominal
Capacity
(AH)at C10

T-80 HP

80

244

T-100 HP

100

T-120 HP

Discharge in Minutes
10
15
30

60

Discharge in Minutes
15
10
30

204

176

128

95

243

201

171

127

93

306

255

220

160

118

305

251

213

159

117

120

367

306

264

192

142

366

301

256

191

140

T-160 HP

160

489

408

353

256

189

488

401

341

255

187

T-200 HP

200

611

510

441

321

237

610

502

426

318

234

T-240 HP

240

733

612

529

385

284

732

602

512

382

280

T-280 HP

280

856

714

617

449

331

855

702

597

445

327

T-300 HP

300

917

765

661

481

355

916

753

640

477

350

T-320 HP

320

978

817

705

513

379

977

803

682

509

374

T-360 HP

360

1100

919

793

577

426

1099

903

767

573

421

T-400 HP

400

1222

1021

882

641

474

1221

1003

853

636

467

T-440 HP

440

1345

1123

970

705

521

1344

1104

938

700

514

T-480 HP

480

1467

1225

1058

769

568

1466

1204

1023

764

561

T-500 HP

500

1528

1276

1102

801

592

1527

1254

1066

795

584

T-520 HP

520

1589

1327

1146

833

616

1588

1305

1109

827

607

T-560 HP

560

1711

1429

1234

897

663

1710

1405

1194

891

654

T-600 HP

600

1834

1531

1322

962

710

1832

1505

1279

955

701

T-650 HP

650

1986

1659

1432

1042

770

1985

1631

1386

1034

759

T-680 HP

680

2078

1735

1499

1090

805

2077

1706

1450

1082

794

T-760 HP

760

2323

1939

1675

1218

900

2321

1907

1620

1209

888

T-850 HP

850

2598

2169

1873

1362

1006

2596

2132

1812

1352

993

60

T-925 HP

925

2827

2360

2039

1482

1095

2825

2321

1972

1472

1081

T-1000 HP

1000

3056

2552

2204

1603

1184

3054

2509

2132

1591

1168

T-1100 HP

1100

3362

2807

2424

1763

1302

3359

2760

2345

1750

1285

T-1200 HP

1200

3667

3062

2645

1923

1421

3664

3010

2558

1909

1402

T-1250 HP

1250

3820

3190

2755

2003

1480

3817

3136

2665

1989

1460

T-1360 HP

1360

4156

3470

2997

2179

1610

4153

3412

2899

2164

1589

T-1440 HP

1440

4401

3674

3173

2308

1705

4397

3612

3070

2291

1682

T-1500 HP

1500

4584

3827

3306

2404

1776

4581

3763

3198

2386

1752

T-1600 HP

1600

4890

4083

3526

2564

1894

4886

4014

3411

2545

1869

T-1700 HP

1700

5195

4338

3746

2724

2013

5191

4265

3624

2705

1986

T-1850 HP

1850

5654

4721

4077

2965

2190

5649

4641

3944

2943

2161

T-2000 HP

2000

6112

5103

4408

3205

2368

6107

5017

4264

3182

2336

T-2200 HP

2200

6723

5614

4848

3526

2605

6718

5519

4690

3500

2570

T-2350 HP

2350

7182

5996

5179

3766

2782

7176

5895

5010

3739

2745

T-2500 HP

2500

7640

6379

5510

4006

2960

7634

6272

5329

3977

2920

T-2650 HP

2650

8098

6762

5840

4247

3137

8092

6648

5649

4216

3096

T-2800 HP

2800

8557

7145

6171

4487

3315

8550

7024

5969

4454

3271

T-3000 HP

3000

9168

7655

6611

4808

3552

9161

7526

6395

4773

3505

T-3225 HP

3225

9856

8229

7107

5168

3818

9848

8090

6875

5131

3767

T-3500 HP

3500

10696

8931

7713

5609

4144

10688

8780

7461

5568

4089

T-3900 HP

3900

11918

9951

8595

6250

4617

11910

9784

8314

6204

4556

T-4000 HP

4000

12224

10207

8815

6410

4736

12215

10035

8527

6364

4673

T-4200 HP

4200

12835

10717

9256

6731

4972

12826

10536

8953

6682

4906

T-4300 HP

4300

13141

10972

9476

6891

5091

13131

10787

9167

6841

5023

T-4500 HP

4500

13752

11482

9917

7211

5328

13742

11289

9593

7159

5257

T-5000 HP

5000

15280

12758

11019

8013

5919

15269

12543

10659

7954

5841

T-5500 HP

5500

16808

14034

12121

8814

6511

16796

13798

11725

8750

6425

T-5800 HP

5800

17725

14799

12782

9295

6867

17712

14550

12364

9227

6776

* ECV - End Cell Voltage.


* Performance of a fully charged cell at 250C (770 F)
10

Valve regulated lead acid batteries


Discharge characteristics in Watts
To 1.75 ECV*
Discharge in Minutes

Discharge in Hours

Model
Type

Nominal
Capacity
(AH)at C10

10

15

30

1.5

10

T-80 HP

80

220

179

156

119

87

66

54

41

34

26

24

21

20

18

17

T-100 HP

100

275

224

194

149

108

83

68

51

43

33

29

26

24

22

21

T-120 HP

120

330

269

233

179

130

99

81

61

52

40

34

31

29

26

24

T-160 HP

160

441

359

311

238

173

132

108

81

69

53

46

41

39

34

32

T-200 HP

200

551

449

389

298

216

165

135

102

86

66

57

51

49

43

40

T-240 HP

240

661

538

467

357

260

199

163

122

103

79

68

61

59

52

48

T-280 HP

280

771

628

544

417

303

232

190

142

120

92

80

71

68

60

56

T-300 HP

300

826

673

583

447

325

248

203

152

129

99

85

76

73

65

60

T-320 HP

320

881

718

622

477

346

265

217

163

137

106

91

82

78

69

64

T-360 HP

360

991

808

700

536

389

298

244

183

155

119

102

92

88

78

72

T-400 HP

400

1101

897

778

596

433

331

271

203

172

132

114

102

98

86

80

T-440 HP

440

1211

987

856

655

476

364

298

223

189

145

125

112

107

95

88

T-480 HP

480

1322

1077

933

715

519

397

325

244

.206

159

137

122

117

103

96

T-500 HP

500

1377

1122

972

745

541

414

339

254

215

165

142

127

122

108

100

T-520 HP

520

1432

1166

1011

775

563

430

352

264

223

172

148

132

127

112

104

T-560 HP

560

1542

1256

1089

834

606

463

379

284

240

185

159

143

137

121

112

T-600 HP

600

1652

1346

1167

894

649

496

406

305

258

198

171

153

146

129

120

T-650 HP

650

1790

1458

1264

968

703

538

440

330

279

215

185

166

158

140

131

T-680 HP

680

1872

1525

1322

1013

736

563

460

345

292

225

194

173

166

147

137

T-760 HP

760

2092

1705

1478

1132

822

629

515

386

326

251

216

194

185

164

153

T-850 HP

850

2340

1907

1653

1266

920

703

576

432

365

281

242

217

207

183

171

T-925 HP

925

2547

2075

1798

1378

1001

765

626

470

397

305

263

236

226

199

186

T-1000 HP

1000

2753

2243

1944

1489

1082

827

677

508

429

330

285

255

244

216

201

T-1100 HP

1100

3029

2468

2139

1638

1190

910

745

559

472

363

313

280

268

237

221

T-1200 HP

1200

3304

2692

2333

1787

1298

993

813

610

515

396

341

306

293

259

241

T-1250 HP

1250

3442

2804

2430

1862

1352

1034

846

635

537

413

356

318

305

269

251

T-1360 HP

1360

3744

3051

2644

2026

1471

1125

921

691

584

449

387

346

332

293

273

T-1440 HP

1440

3965

3230

2800

2145

1558

1192

975

731

618

476

410

367

351

310

289

T-1500 HP

1500

4130

3365

2916

2234

1623

1241

1016

762

644

495

427

382

366

323

301

T-1600 HP

1600

4405

3589

3111

2383

1731

1324

1083

813

687

528

455

408

390

345

321

T-1700 HP

1700

4681

3813

3305

2532

1839

1407

1151

863

730

561

484

433

414

366

341

T-1850 HP

1850

5094

4150

3597

2755

2001

1531

1253

940

794

611

526

471

451

399

371

T-2000 HP

2000

5507

4486

3889

2979

2164

1655

1354

1016

858

660

569

509

488

431

402

T-2200 HP

2200

6057

4935

4278

3277

2380

1820

1490

1117

944

726

626

560

536

474

442

T-2350 HP

2350

6470

5272

4569

3500

2542

1945

1591

1194

1009

776

669

599

573

506

472

T-2500 HP

2500

6883

5608

4861

3724

2705

2069

1693

1270

1073

826

711

637

610

539

502

T-2650 HP

2650

7296

5945

5152

3947

2867

2193

1794

1346

1137

875

754

675

646

571

532

T-2800 HP

2800

7709

6281

5444

4170

3029

2317

1896

1422

1202

925

797

713

683

603

562

T-3000 HP

3000

8260

6730

5833

4468

3246

2482

2031

1524

1288

991

854

764

731

647

602

T-3225 HP

3225

8879

7234

6270

4803

3489

2669

2184

1638

1384

1065

918

821

786

695

648

T-3500 HP

3500

9636

7851

6805

5213

3786

2896

2370

1778

1502

1156

996

892

853

754

703

T-3900 HP

3900

10738

8749

7583

5809

4219

3227

2641

1981

1674

1288

1110

993

951

840

783

T-4000 HP

4000

11013

8973

7777

5958

4327

3310

2709

2032

1717

1321

1138

1019

975

862

803

T-4200 HP

4200

11564

9422

8166

6256

4544

3475

2844

2133

1803

1387

1195

1070

1024

905

843

T-4300 HP

4300

11839

9646

8361

6405

4652

3558

2912

2184

1846

1420

1224

1095

1048

927

863

T-4500 HP

4500

12390 10094

8749

6703

4868

3724

3047

2286

1931

1486

1281

1146

1097

970

904

T-5000 HP

5000

13766 11216

9722

7447

5409

4137

3386

2540

2146

1651

1423

1274

1219

1078

1004

T-5500 HP

5500

15143 12338 10694

8192

5950

4551

3724

2794

2361

1816

1565

1401

1341

1185

1104

T-5800 HP

5800

15969 13011 11277

8639

6275

4799

3928

2946

2489

1915

1651

1477

1414

1250

1165

* ECV - End Cell Voltage.


* Performance of a fully charged cell at 250C (770 F)
10
11

Valve regulated lead acid batteries


Discharge characteristics in Watts
1.80 ECV*
Model
Type

Nominal
Capacity
(AH) at C10

10

15

30

1.5

10

T-80 HP

80

216

175

160

116

85

65

53

39

32

26

23

20

18

17

16

T-100 HP

100

270

218

200

145

107

82

66

49

40

32

28

25

23

21

20

T-120 HP

120

323

262

239

174

128

98

79

59

48

39

34

30

28

25

24

T-160 HP

160

431

349

319

232

171

131

105

79

63

52

45

40

37

34

31

T-200 HP

200

539

437

399

290

214

164

132

98

79

65

56

50

46

42

39

T-240 HP

240

647

524

479

348

256

197

158

118

95

78

68

60

55

50

47

T-280 HP

280

755

611

559

406

299

229

185

138

111

91

79

69

65

59

55

T-300 HP

300

809

655

599

435

320

246

198

147

119

97

85

74

69

63

59

T-320 HP

320

862

698

638

464

342

262

211

157

127

104

90

79

74

67

63

T-360 HP

360

970

786

718

522

385

295

237

177

143

117

101

89

83

76

71

T-400 HP

400

1078

873

798

580

427

328

264

197

159

130

113

99

92

84

79

T-440 HP

440

1186

960

878

638

470

360

290

216

174

142

124

109

102

92

87

T-480 HP

480

1294

1048

958

696

513

393

316

236

190

155

135

119

111

101

94

T-500 HP

500

1348

1091

998

725

534

409

330

246

198

162

141

124

115

105

98

T-520 HP

520

1402

1135

1037

754

555

426

343

256

206

168

147

129

120

109

102

T-560 HP

560

1509

1222

1117

812

598

459

369

275

222

181

158

139

129

118

110

T-600 HP

600

1617

1310

1197

870

641

491

396

295

238

194

169

149

138

126

118

T-650 HP

650

1752

1419

1297

942

694

532

429

319

258

210

183

161

150

137

128

T-680 HP

680

1833

1484

1357

986

726

557

448

334

270

220

192

169

157

143

134

T-760 HP

760

2048

1659

1516

1102

812

622

501

374

301

246

214

189

175

160

150

T-850 HP

850

2291

1855

1696

1232

908

696

560

418

337

275

240

211

196

179

167

T-925 HP

925

2493

2019

1846

1341

988

757

610

455

367

300

261

230

213

194

182

T-1000 HP

1000

2695

2183

1995

1450

1068

819

659

492

396

324

282

248

231

210

197

T-1100 HP

1100

2965

2401

2195

1595

1175

901

725

541

436

356

310

273

254

231

216

T-1200 HP

1200

3234

2619

2394

1740

1282

983

791

590

476

389

338

298

277

252

236

T-1250 HP

1250

3369

2728

2494

1812

1335

1023

824

614

495

405

352

310

289

263

246

T-1360 HP

1360

3666

2968

2713

1971

1453

1114

897

668

539

440

383

337

314

286

268

T-1440 HP

1440

3881

3143

2873

2087

1538

1179

949

708

571

466

406

357

332

302

283

T-1500 HP

1500

4043

3274

2993

2174

1602

1228

989

737

595

486

423

372

346

315

295

T-1600 HP

1600

4312

3492

3192

2319

1709

1310

1055

786

634

518

451

397

369

336

315

T-1700 HP

1700

4582

3710

3392

2464

1816

1392

1121

836

674

551

479

422

392

357

335

T-1850 HP

1850

4986

4038

3691

2682

1976

1515

1220

909

733

599

521

459

427

389

364

T-2000 HP

2000

5390

4365

3990

2899

2136

1638

1319

983

793

648

564

496

462

420

394

T-2200 HP

2200

5930

4802

4389

3189

2350

1801

1450

1081

872

712

620

546

508

462

433

T-2350 HP

2350

6334

5129

4689

3407

2510

1924

1549

1155

931

761

662

583

542

494

462

T-2500 HP

2500

6738

5456

4988

3624

2671

2047

1648

1229

991

810

705

620

577

525

492

T-2650 HP

2650

7142

5784

5287

3841

2831

2170

1747

1303

1050

858

747

658

612

557

522

T-2800 HP

2800

7547

6111

5586

4059

2991

2293

1846

1376

1110

907

789

695

646

588

551

T-3000 HP

3000

8086

6548

5985

4349

3205

2456

1978

1475

1189

971

845

744

692

630

590

T-3225 HP

3225

8692

7039

6434

4675

3445

2640

2126

1585

1278

1044

909

800

744

677

635

T-3500 HP

3500

9433

7639

6983

5074

3739

2866

2308

1720

1387

1133

986

868

808

735

689

T-3900 HP

3900

10511

8512

7781

5654

4166

3193

2571

1917

1546

1263

1099

968

900

819

768

T-4000 HP

4000

10781

8730

7981

5798

4273

3275

2637

1966

1585

1295

1127

993

923

840

787

T-4200 HP

4200

11320

9167

8380

6088

4487

3439

2769

2064

1665

1360

1184

1042

969

882

827

T-4300 HP

4300

11590

9385

8579

6233

4593

3521

2835

2114

1704

1392

1212

1067

992

903

846

T-4500 HP

4500

12129

9821

8978

6523

4807

3684

2967

2212

1784

1457

1268

1117

1039

945

886

T-5000 HP

5000

13476 10913

9976

7248

5341

4094

3297

2458

1982

1619

1409

1241

1154

1050

984

T-5500 HP

5500

14824 12004 10973

7973

5875

4503

3626

2703

2180

1781

1550

1365

1269

1155

1082

T-5800 HP

5800

15632 12659 11572

8408

6196

4749

3824

2851

2299

1878

1634

1439

1339

1218

1141

Discharge in Minutes

Discharge in Hours

* ECV - End Cell Voltage.


* Performance of a fully charged cell at 250C (770 F)
10
12

Valve regulated lead acid batteries


Discharge characteristics in Watts
To 1.85 ECV*
Discharge in Minutes

Discharge in Hours

Model
Type

Nominal
Capacity
(AH) at C10

10

15

30

1.5

10

T-80 HP

80

205

168

153

112

82

62

50

38

30

24

21

19

17

15

14

T-100 HP

100

256

210

191

140

102

78

63

47

38

31

27

24

21

19

18

T-120 HP

120

307

252

229

168

122

93

75

57

46

37

32

28

26

23

21

T-160 HP

160

409

336

306

223

163

124

100

75

61

49

43

38

34

31

28

T-200 HP

200

512

420

382

279

204

155

125

94

76

61

54

47

43

39

35

T-240 HP

240

614

504

459

335

245

186

151

113

91

73

64

57

51

46

43

T-280 HP

280

717

588

535

391

285

217

176

132

106

86

75

66

60

54

50

T-300 HP

300

768

630

574

419

306

233

188

142

114

92

80

71

64

58

53

T-320 HP

320

819

672

612

447

326

248

201

151

122

98

86

75

68

62

57

T-360 HP

360

921

756

688

503

367

280

226

170

137

110

96

85

77

70

64

T-400 HP

400

1024

840

765

559

408

311

251

189

152

122

107

94

85

77

71

T-440 HP

440

1126

924

841

615

448

342

276

208

167

135

118

104

94

85

78

T-480 HP

480

1228

1008

918

670

489

373

301

226

182

147

129

113

102

93

85

T-500 HP

500

1280

1050

956

698

509

388

314

236

190

153

134

118

107

97

89

T-520 HP

520

1331

1092

994

726

530

404

326

245

198

159

139

123

111

100

92

T-560 HP

560

1433

1176

1071

782

571

435

351

264

213

171

150

132

119

108

99

T-600 HP

600

1536

1260

1147

838

611

466

376

283

228

184

161

142

128

116

106

T-650 HP

650

1664

1365

1243

908

662

505

408

307

247

199

174

153

139

126

115

T-680 HP

680

1740

1428

1300

950

693

528

427

321

259

208

182

160

145

131

120

T-760 HP

760

1945

1595

1453

1062

774

590

477

359

289

233

204

179

162

147

135

T-850 HP

850

2175

1784

1625

1187

866

660

533

401

323

260

228

201

181

164

151

T-925 HP

925

2367

1942

1769

1292

943

718

580

436

352

283

248

218

197

179

164

T-1000 HP

1000

2559

2099

1912

1397

1019

777

627

472

380

306

268

236

213

193

177

T-1100 HP

1100

2815

2309

2103

1537

1121

854

690

519

418

337

295

259

235

213

195

T-1200 HP

1200

3071

2519

2294

1676

1223

932

753

566

456

367

322

283

256

232

213

T-1250 HP

1250

3199

2624

2390

1746

1274

971

784

590

475

382

335

295

267

242

221

T-1360 HP

1360

3481

2855

2600

1900

1386

1056

853

642

517

416

364

321

290

263

241

T-1440 HP

1440

3685

3023

2753

2011

1467

1118

904

679

547

441

386

340

307

278

255

T-1500 HP

1500

3839

3149

2868

2095

1528

1165

941

708

570

459

402

354

320

290

266

T-1600 HP

1600

4095

3359

3059

2235

1630

1242

1004

755

608

490

429

377

341

309

283

T-1700 HP

1700

4351

3569

3250

2375

1732

1320

1067

802

646

520

455

401

363

328

301

T-1850 HP

1850

4735

3884

3537

2584

1885

1437

1161

873

703

566

496

436

395

357

328

T-2000 HP

2000

5119

4199

3824

2794

2038

1553

1255

944

760

612

536

472

427

386

354

T-2200 HP

2200

5631

4618

4207

3073

2242

1708

1380

1038

836

673

589

519

469

425

390

T-2350 HP

2350

6015

4933

4493

3283

2395

1825

1475

1109

893

719

630

554

501

454

416

T-2500 HP

2500

6398

5248

4780

3492

2547

1941

1569

1180

950

765

670

590

533

483

443

T-2650 HP

2650

6782

5563

5067

3702

2700

2058

1663

1250

1007

811

710

625

565

512

469

T-2800 HP

2800

7166

5878

5354

3911

2853

2174

1757

1321

1064

857

750

661

597

541

496

T-3000 HP

3000

7678

6298

5736

4191

3057

2330

1882

1415

1140

918

804

708

640

580

531

T-3225 HP

3225

8254

6770

6166

4505

3286

2504

2024

1522

1226

987

864

761

688

623

571

T-3500 HP

3500

8958

7348

6692

4889

3566

2718

2196

1651

1331

1071

938

826

747

676

620

T-3900 HP

3900

9982

8187

7457

5448

3974

3028

2447

1840

1483

1193

1045

920

832

754

691

T-4000 HP

4000

10237

8397

7648

5587

4076

3106

2510

1887

1521

1224

1072

944

853

773

709

T-4200 HP

4200

10749

8817

8031

5867

4280

3261

2635

1982

1597

1285

1125

991

896

812

744

T-4300 HP

4300

11005

9027

8222

6006

4382

3339

2698

2029

1635

1316

1152

1014

917

831

762

T-4500 HP

4500

11517

9447

8604

6286

4585

3494

2824

2123

1711

1377

1206

1062

960

870

797

T-5000 HP

5000

12797 10497

9560

6984

5095

3883

3137

2359

1901

1530

1340

1180

1067

966

886

T-5500 HP

5500

14077 11546 10516

7683

5604

4271

3451

2595

2091

1683

1474

1297

1173

1063

974

T-5800HP

5800

14844 12176 11090

8102

5910

4504

3639

2737

2205

1775

1554

1368

1237

1121

1027

* ECV - End Cell Voltage.


0

* Performance of a fully charged cell at 25 C (77 F)


10
13

Valve regulated lead acid batteries


Discharge characteristics in Watts
To 1.90 ECV*
Model
Type

Nominal
Capacity
(AH) at C10

10

15

30

1.5

10

T-80 HP

80

193

157

136

104

76

58

47

35

28

23

20

18

16

14

13

T-100 HP

100

242

196

170

130

94

73

59

44

35

28

25

22

20

18

16

T-120 HP

120

290

235

204

156

113

87

70

53

43

34

30

27

24

21

20

T-160 HP

160

387

314

272

208

151

116

94

70

57

45

39

36

32

29

26

T-200 HP

200

483

392

339

260

189

145

117

88

71

57

49

44

39

36

33

T-240 HP

240

580

471

407

312

227

174

141

106

85

68

59

53

47

43

39

T-280 HP

280

677

549

475

364

264

203

164

123

99

80

69

62

55

50

46

T-300 HP

300

725

588

509

390

283

218

176

132

106

85

74

67

59

54

49

T-320 HP

320

774

628

543

416

302

232

188

141

113

91

79

71

63

57

52

T-360 HP

360

870

706

611

468

340

261

211

159

128

102

89

80

71

64

59

T-400 HP

400

967

785

679

520

378

290

234

176

142

114

99

89

79

71

65

T-440 HP

440

1064

863

747

572

415

319

258

194

156

125

109

98

87

79

72

T-480 HP

480

1160

941

815

623

453

348

281

211

170

136

118

107

95

86

78

T-500 HP

500

1209

981

848

649

472

363

293

220

177

142

123

111

99

89

81

T-520 HP

520

1257

1020

882

675

491

377

305

229

184

148

128

115

102

93

85

T-560 HP

560

1354

1098

950

727

529

406

328

247

198

159

138

124

110

100

91

T-600 HP

600

1450

1177

1018

779

566

435

352

264

213

170

148

133

118

107

98

T-650 HP

650

1571

1275

1103

844

614

471

381

286

230

185

160

144

128

116

106

T-680 HP

680

1644

1334

1154

883

642

493

399

300

241

193

168

151

134

122

111

Discharge in Minutes

Discharge in Hours

T-760 HP

760

1837

1491

1290

987

717

551

446

335

269

216

188

169

150

136

124

T-850 HP

850

2055

1667

1442

1104

802

616

498

374

301

241

210

189

168

152

138

T-925 HP

925

2236

1814

1570

1201

873

671

542

407

328

263

228

205

182

165

150

T-1000 HP

1000

2417

1961

1697

1299

944

725

586

440

354

284

247

222

197

179

163

T-1100 HP

1100

2659

2158

1867

1429

1038

798

645

485

390

312

271

244

217

197

179

T-1200 HP

1200

2901

2354

2036

1559

1133

870

703

529

425

341

296

266

236

214

195

T-1250 HP

1250

3022

2452

2121

1624

1180

906

733

551

443

355

309

277

246

223

203

T-1360 HP

1360

3287

2668

2308

1767

1284

986

797

599

482

386

336

302

268

243

221

T-1440 HP

1440

3481

2824

2444

1870

1359

1044

844

634

510

409

355

320

284

257

234

T-1500 HP

1500

3626

2942

2545

1948

1416

1088

879

661

531

426

370

333

296

268

244

T-1600 HP

1600

3868

3138

2715

2078

1510

1160

938

705

567

454

395

355

315

286

260

T-1700 HP

1700

4109

3334

2885

2208

1605

1233

997

749

602

483

420

377

335

304

277

T-1850 HP

1850

4472

3629

3139

2403

1746

1341

1085

815

655

525

457

411

365

331

301

T-2000 HP

2000

4834

3923

3394

2598

1888

1450

1172

881

709

568

494

444

394

357

325

T-2200 HP

2200

5318

4315

3733

2858

2077

1595

1290

969

779

625

543

488

434

393

358

T-2350 HP

2350

5680

4609

3988

3052

2218

1704

1378

1035

833

667

580

522

463

420

382

T-2500 HP

2500

6043

4904

4242

3247

2360

1813

1466

1101

886

710

617

555

493

447

407

T-2650 HP

2650

6406

5198

4497

3442

2501

1921

1553

1167

939

753

654

588

522

473

431

T-2800 HP

2800

6768

5492

4751

3637

2643

2030

1641

1233

992

795

691

621

552

500

456

T-3000 HP

3000

7252

5884

5091

3897

2832

2175

1759

1321

1063

852

740

666

591

536

488

T-3225 HP

3225

7796

6326

5472

4189

3044

2338

1891

1421

1143

916

796

716

636

576

525

T-3500 HP

3500

8460

6865

5939

4546

3304

2538

2052

1542

1240

994

864

777

690

625

569

T-3900 HP

3900

9427

7650

6618

5066

3681

2828

2286

1718

1382

1107

963

866

769

697

635

T-4000 HP

4000

9669

7846

6788

5196

3776

2900

2345

1762

1417

1136

987

888

788

715

651

T-4200 HP

4200

10152

8238

7127

5455

3965

3045

2462

1850

1488

1193

1037

932

828

750

683

T-4300 HP

4300

10394

8434

7297

5585

4059

3118

2521

1894

1523

1221

1061

954

847

768

700

T-4500 HP

4500

10877

8826

7636

5845

4248

3263

2638

1982

1594

1278

1111

999

887

804

732

T-5000 HP

5000

12086

9807

8484

6495

4720

3625

2931

2202

1771

1420

1234

1110

985

893

813

T-5500 HP

5500

13295 10788

9333

7144

5192

3988

3224

2423

1949

1562

1357

1221

1084

983

895

T-5800HP

5800

14020 11376

9842

7534

5475

4205

3400

2555

2055

1647

1432

1287

1143

1036

944

* ECV - End Cell Voltage.


* Performance of a fully charged cell at 250C (770 F)
10
14

Selecting the right battery


The selection of the best battery for a certain duty requires some information about the use. Discharge
currents, backup time, operating voltage window and temperature are the basic information necessary
for the correct choice of the battery. Depending upon the duty cycle and the condition under which the
battery is operating, suitable correction factors viz., K-factors, temperature correction factor, and ageing
factors are to be used to determine the best techno-economic choice of the battery for any application.
A

battery

sizing

programme

Optisize

developed

by

HBL

can

be

used

to

arrive at correct techno-economic choice of the battery in no time.

Correction factors
K-Factor : This factor is considered to estimate the available battery capacity at different discharge
rates and end cell voltages. This is the ratio of rated capacity to the amperes that can be supplied for 't'
minutes to a given ECV.
Temperature correction factor : This factor is considered to take care of the variations in performance
of the battery at different temperatures. As the operating temperature increases above 250 C , the
electrochemical reaction is enhanced. Thus the capacity available increases, but the life of the battery
comes down. Therefore no derating factor is to be applied to the performance of the battery for sizing
when the battery operates at higher temperature. However electrical capacity at lower temperatures is
lesser due to sluggish electro chemical activity. Therefore temperature derating factor is to be applied
for sizing the battery for low temperature applications. Temperature correction factors are given below.
Ageing factor : IEEE Std 485-1997 recommends that a battery be replaced when its actual capacity
drops to 80 percent of its rated capacity; therefore, the battery's rated capacity should be at least 1.25
times the load expected at the end of its service life. Hence, a correction factor of 1.25 (=1/0.8) is
taken as ageing factor.
Design margin : A nominal 10% cushion is taken as a standard over sizing to allow for unforeseen
operating conditions of the battery due to improper maintenance, recent discharge, or ambient
temperature lower than the anticipated, or both.
Over load factor : It is a pure reserve capacity that may be installed to take care of any future
additional load. Normally 10-15% overload factor is considered. This of course will depend upon the
customer's requirement. This also will be considered only when specified by the user.

Capacity Variation with Temperature

Ambient

120

Correction

Temp in C

Factor

-20

2.08

-15

1.72

-10

1.49

60

-5

1.35

50

1.27

40

1.19

30

10

1.14

20

15

1.09

10

20

1.04

25

1.00

110
100

% of Capacity in AH

90
80
70

0
-30

-25

-20

-15

-10

-5

10

15

20

25

30

35

40

45

Temperature in C

10
15

50

55

60

K - FACTORS
ECV

Time in Minutes

TIime in Hours

Time

1.90

1.85

1.80

1.75

1.70

1.67

120

94.12

87.84

82.35

78.43

---

---

100

85.71

79.60

74.29

71.43

---

---

72

63.49

58.70

54.95

52.80

---

-----

48

44.45

40.79

38.38

36.84

---

24

25.40

22.88

21.81

20.87

---

-----

22

23.61

21.42

20.23

19.53

---

20

21.82

19.96

18.65

18.18

---

-----

12

13.71

12.42

11.54

11.43

---

10

12.00

11.04

10.00

9.71

---

-----

10.95

10.04

9.28

8.87

---

9.85

9.12

8.42

8.00

---

-----

8.85

8.20

7.75

7.50

---

7.85

7.30

6.90

6.70

---

-----

6.85

6.33

5.99

5.81

---

5.49

5.10

4.85

4.76

---

-----

4.42

4.10

3.91

3.76

---

3.31

3.07

2.91

2.82

---

-----

1.5

2.67

2.48

2.34

2.30

---

60

2.04

1.88

1.78

1.75

1.62

1.59

30

1.47

1.36

1.30

1.26

1.17

1.15

15

1.11

1.03

0.98

0.95

0.86

0.82

10

0.95

0.88

0.84

0.81

0.72

0.69

0.76

0.71

0.67

0.65

0.58

0.56

0.70

0.65

0.62

0.60

....

....

0.65

0.60

0.57

0.55

....

....

0.60

0.55

0.52

0.50

....

....

0.55

0.50

0.47

0.45

....

....

Types of loads
Common duty cycles imposed on the battery can be classified as (a) Continuous load and (b) Non
continuous load. Continuous loads are energized throughout the duty cycle where as Non continuous
loads are energized only in portions of the duty cycle.

A) Continuous loads

( E.g. Telecommunications, UPS, Emergency lighting, SPV etc.,)

1) Constant current discharge :

( E.g.Telecom)

Ex.1: Selection of a battery for supplying a load of 10 amps for 5 hours to an end cell voltage of 1.75V
when the system voltage is 48V at an ambient temperature of 250 C.
The information required / given for battery sizing is:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

Load current
Backup time
System voltage
End cell voltage
Temperature

:
:
:
:
:

10 amps
5 hrs
48 volts
1.75 volts
250 C

Step 1 : Number of cells

=
=
=

System voltage / Nominal voltage


48 / 2
24 cells
10
16

Step 2 : Capacity required = Load current x Backup time. Since the battery is designed for 10 hour rate,
for 5 hour backup, K- factor need to be applied.
Step 3 : From the K-factor table, for 1.75 ECV and discharge time of 5 hrs, the K-factor is 5.81
Step 4 : Required battery capacity

10 x 5.81

58.1 Ah

Step 5 : Applying Ageing Factor of 1.25, sized battery capacity = 58.1 x 1.25 = 72.63 Ah
Step 6 : From tables the nearest higher available capacity, 80 Ah is chosen. Thus the battery selected is 3
Modules (3 modules x 8 cells ) of type T - 80HP

2) Constant power discharge

( E.g. UPS System ) :

Ex 2 : Selection of a battery for supplying 40 KVA load for 30 minutes to an ECV of 1.75 with a Power
factor of 0.8 and an inverter Efficiency of 85%. The voltage window is 205 - 285V and ambient
0
temperature is -10 C
The information required / given for battery sizing is :
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.

KVA / KW rating
Minimum Voltage
Maximum voltage
Power factor
Efficiency of the Inverter
End Cell voltage
Operating temperature
Back up time

:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:

40 KVA (Not required when KW rating is given for UPS )


205 volt
285 volt
0.8 ( Not required when KW rating is given for UPS )
85%
1.75 volts
- 100 C
30 minutes

Step 1 : Choice of number of cells :


Minimum number of cells

=
=
=

Minimum DC voltage / End cell voltage


205 / 1.75
117.14

Round this to the next higher whole number i.e. 118 number of cells
Maximum number of cells

=
=
=

Maximum DC voltage / Float or Boost voltage


285/ 2.3
123.91

Round this to the next lower whole number i.e. 123 number of cells
Ensure that the rounded minimum no. of cells is less than the rounded maximum no. of cell. The number
of cells selected should be in between the maximum and minimum number of cells determined above.
Let us say we had chosen 120 nos. of cell.
Batterys Minimum Voltage

=
=
=

Chosen no. of cells x 1.75 Volts


120 x 1.75
210 volts

Batterys Maximum Voltage

=
=
=

Chosen no. of cells x 2.30 Volts


120 x 2.30
276 volts

Since both the above min and max voltages are within the UPS voltage window, proceed as below.

10
17

Step 2

: Power required for UPS in kilowatts ( KVA x PF = KW )

=
=
Power required from the battery ( KW / Inverter efficiencey ) =
=
=
Power required from each cell ( watts per cell )
=
=
Applying Ageing factor of 1.25
=
=
Applying Temp. correction factor at -100 C (1.49 )
=
=

Step 3

Step 4

Step 5

Step 6

40 x 0.8
32 KW
32 / 0.85
37.647 KW
37647 watts
37647 / 120
313.73 watts per cell
313.73 x 1.25
392.16 watts per cell
392.16 x 1.49
584.32 watts per cell

From the performance table, the Ah capacity of the cell capable of giving 584.32 watts to an end cell
voltage of 1.75 VPC, as a back up time of 30 minutes is 400 Ah. Battery selected is 30 modules of
battery type T - 400HP.

3 ) Constant current discharge for long duration rates

( Eg. Solar photovoltaic )

Ex. 3 : Selection of a battery for supplying a Load current of 10 Amps for the Autonomy of 5 days.
The system voltage is 48 volts.
The information required / given for Battery sizing is :
Load current
System Voltage
Autonomy ( back up time )
Average ambient temperature
End Cell Voltage

:
:
:
:
:

10 Amps
48 Volts
5 days
250 C
1.75 (considered)

Calculations : 1) Total back up time required =

24 hrs/day X 5 days = 120 hrs.


Load current x K factor ( for back up time )

2) Battery capacity required


K factor for 120 hrs

... Battery capacity required


Applying ageing factor of 1.25

=
=
=

0.8 ( maximum allowable depth of discharge )


78.43 ( Refer page No 16 )
10 x 78.43

0.8
980.4 Ah

=
=

980.4 x 1.25
1225.5 Ah

Therefore the nearest higher Ah capacity 1250 Ah is chosen. Thus the battery selected is 24 cells of
T - 1250 HP

Electrical protections to the battery for SPV applications


The main protection equipment for the batteries is the Charge controller unit. The function of the
charge controller is to protect the batteries from overcharge and deep discharge.
The following are recommended charge controller settings for Triumph HP batteries for optimum
performance and life.
1. Overvoltage disconnect: When the battery terminal voltages exceeds 2.35+/-0.02 volts per cell,the
battery and solar panel should be disconnected thus protecting the battery from getting overcharged.
2. Low voltage disconnect: When the D.C output voltage drops to 1.80 +/- 0.02 volts per cell the
battery should be isolated from the load. Thus preventing the batteries from excessive discharge.
3. Reconnection: The solar panel reconnection to the battery when the voltage is 2.08+/- 0.02
volts per cell.

10
18

b) Non continuous Load

( E.g. Switch gear applications )

Basic terminology :
Load
Period
Section
K factor
Time t

:
:
:
:

The current in amperes for each time period


The time during which an applied load is constant and is designated as time M
'
The
basic time unit taken for sizing. The section A consists of first A periods
The ratio of rated capacity at 10hr. rate to the amperes that can be supplied for t minutes
for a given ECV and ambient temperature
: The duration between the end of that section and the beginning of each period in every section

For sizing, the sequence of each load (in amperes) duration in minutes, system voltage and temperature
are required.
Ex 4 : Selection of a battery for a regime having the following load profile for a voltage of 48 volt and
operating temperature of 250C considering a design margin of 10%

Duty Cycle
135

Load in Amps

Time in Mins

Load A1

135

0.167 (10 Sec)

Load A2

120

59

Load A3

125

58

Load A4

132

A4
A3
125

A2
120
Load in Amps

Load Name

A1

M1

S1

M1+M2

S2
S3
S4

M1+M2+M3
M1+M2+M3+M4
0
1

59

58

Time in Minutes

Note : 1. Any short period of less than 1 minute duration is considered for 1 minute only.
2. In any section A, if the current for the 'A+1' period is higher than the current of the period
A' then the section 'A' may be skipped as the next section 'A+1' will be of higher size.
3. Number of cells = Total system voltage / Nominal voltage
= 48 / 2 = 24 cells

Otherwise follow the Step 1 in the Example 2, if voltage window is given. Using the worksheet
given in next page follow the procedure.

Step 1 : Fill the load ' A ' and period ' M ' values in columns 2 & 4
Step 2 : Fill the changes in load as the difference between the current and previous load with
sign in column 3
Step 3 : Fill the duration 'T' for each period from the beginning to the end of each section in
column 5.
Step 4 : Enter the capacity rating factor K, for each duration 'T ' in column 6. Refer K factor table
Step 5 : The cell size for each period ' M ' is calculated by multiplying column 3 and column
6 and entered in column 7 with sign convention.
Step 6 : The sum of capacities for all periods in every section is taken as the size of the section.
Step 7 : The maximum value of all the sections noted as above plus the value in random load
section, if any is taken as the uncorrected size.

10
19

132

IEEE std 485 - 1997 method of battery sizing


(1)
Period
(Nos)

(2)
Load
(amps)

(3)
(4)
(5)
Change in load Duration of period Time to end of section (T)
(amps)
(mins)
(mins) (hrs)

(6)
Cap at T min rate
K factor

(7)
Reqd section size
3 x 6 (Ah)

0.45

60.75

Sec1 Total

60.75

Section 1 - First Period Only - If A2 > A1, go to section 2


1

A1 = 135

A1 - 0 = 135

M1 = 1

T = M1 = 1 = 0.016

Section 2 - First 2 Periods Only - If A3 > A2, go to section 3


1

A1 =

A1 - 0 =

M1 =

T = M1 + M2 =

A2 =

A2 - A1 =

M2 =

T = M2 =
Sec2 Total

Section 3 - First 3 Periods Only - If A4 > A3, go to section 4


1

A1 =

A1 - 0 =

M1 =

T = M1 +M2 +M3 =

A2 =

A2 - A1 =

M2 =

T = M2 + M3 =

A3 =

A3 - A2 =

M3 =

T = M3 =
Sec3 Total

Section 4 - First 4 Periods Only


1

A1 = 135

A1 - 0 = 135

M1 = 1

T=M1+...M4 =120=2.00

2.82

380.7

A2 = 120

A2-A1 = -15

M2 = 59

T=M2+..M4 =119=1.98

2.81

-42.15

A3 = 125

A3 -A2 = 5

M3 = 58

T=M3+M4 = 60= 1.00

1.75

8.75

A4 = 132

A4- A3 = 7

M4 = 2

T=M4= 0 .03

0.50

3.50

350.80

Sec 4 Total
Max. Section + Random

350.80

Uncorrected section size ( maximum )

350.80 Ah

Applying temp. correction

...............

Applying Ageing factor (1.25 )

438.50 Ah

Applying Design Margin ( 10% )

482.35

Applying future overload factor

...............

Applying any other factor

...............

Thus, the nearest higher available size of 500 Ah ( T - 500 HP ) is selected.


Number of cells selected is 24 nos i.e. 6 modules of T- 500 HP

Battery Characteristics
State of Charge Vs Open Circuit voltage
Open Circuit Voltage (OCV)

2.2

State of charge
The state of charge of a VRLA battery can
roughly be estimated by measuring its open
circuit voltage.

2.15
2.1
2.05
2
1.95
1.9

10

20

30

40

50

60

% State of Charge

10
20

70

80

90

100

with a current limit of 20%. of rated capacity


of the battery is recommended for charging
o

Triumph -HP at 25 C. In case faster charging


is required, the cells can be charged at 2.3 Volt
Per Cell with a maximum current limit of 20%.
of rated capacity of the battery.

120

0.22

110

0.20

100

0.18

90

2.35

Cell Voltage

2.32

% Ah Input

2.26

80

2.23

70

2.20

60

2.17

50

2.14

0.08

40

2.11

0.06

30

2.08

0.04

20

0.02

10

0.16
0.14
0.12
0.10

Cell voltage In Volts

Constant Potential charging at 2.25V per cell

0.24

% Recharge

Charging Characteristics

Current in % of Rated Capacity

Charging Characteristics with CP Charging


Charge Voltage 2.3 Volts/Cell; Current limit 0.2 C10Amps

2.05

Current

2.02
1.99

10

12

18

16

14

20

Time in Hrs

Performance Curves at Different Rates of Discharge


2.20
2.15
2.10

Discharge Characteristics

2.05

The curves in the figure illustrates the typical


discharge feature of Triumph-HP batteries
0

measured at an ambient temperature of 25 C.


The C10 expresses the nominal capacity of the

CCV in Volts

2.00
1.95
1.90
1.85
1.80
1.75

C5

1.70

battery at 10 hr discharge rate.

C2

1.65

C8 C10

C3

C1

1.60
1.55
1.50

10

100

1000

Time in Minutes

Capacity Retention Characteristics

Capacity Retention Characteristics

100

Triumph-HP batteries have low self discharge.

90

these

batteries

should

be

given

Capacity Retention %

However

freshening charge as per the manufacturers


recommendations, if the battery Open Circuit
Voltage drops to 2.1 VPC or the storage period
is over 6 months, whichever is earlier before
being put to operation. The graph shows the

80

70

60

400C

300C

200C

50

capacity retention of Triumph-HP Batteries at


different temperatures.

40

2 3

9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22

Storage Period in Months

Recharge Characteristics - Constant potential with 2.3V/cell

to achieve 90 % state of charge from different


depth of discharges, when the battery is
charged at a constant potential of 2.3 volts
per cell with

current limit of 20% and

10% of rated capacity of the battery .

70
60
50

20% of Rated capacity

The graph shows the recharge time required

80
% Residual State of Charge

Recharge Characteristics

10% Rated capacity

90

40
30
20
10
0
0

10

11

12

13

14

Recharge Time in hours to Arrives 90% State of Charge (SOC)

15

HBL Power Systems Limited


# 8-2-601, Road No.10, Banjara Hills, Hyderabad - 500034, AP, INDIA
e-mail : contact@hbl.in
website : www.hbl.in

corp.comm\9.nov.2009\001601100000611\p1

TM