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UMTS and GSM

Training Course

Version 1.1
   
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Actix Spotlight UMTS and GSM Training Course for Version 1.1

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The content of this manual is provided for information only, is subject to change without notice, and should not be construed as a commitment by Actix. Actix assumes no responsibility or liability for any errors or inaccuracies that appear in this documentation. Copyright © Actix 2007. All rights reserved. All trademarks are hereby acknowledged.

Edition E

Actix Spotlight UMTS and GSM Training Course for Version 1.1

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Contents 
INTRODUCTION ........................................................................................... 6
SCOPE OF THE COURSE .......................................................................................... 6 WHO SHOULD ATTEND THIS TRAINING COURSE?.............................................................. 7 PREREQUISITES ................................................................................................... 7 AIMS OF THE COURSE ............................................................................................ 8

SOLVING COMMON NETWORK PROBLEMS WITH SPOTLIGHT ........................................ 9
ACTIX SPOTLIGHT FEATURES ...................................................................................10 WHAT’S IN SPOTLIGHT? ........................................................................................11

NEW PROJECT AND TEMPLATE CREATION ........................................................... 12
CREATING A NEW PROJECT TEMPLATE ........................................................................13 NEW PROJECT CREATION (USING A PRE-DEFINED TEMPLATE):.............................................14 EXERCISE: NEW TEMPLATE CONFIGURATION.................................................................17

UMTS SECTION ........................................................................................ 24 SUMMARY DASHBOARD ................................................................................ 25 UMTS SPOTLIGHT REPORTS ......................................................................... 27 EVENT EXPLORER ...................................................................................... 32
ADDITIONAL FEATURES .........................................................................................35 DETAILED EVENT DIAGNOSTICS ...............................................................................37 EXERCISE: DROP CALL ANALYSIS .............................................................................39

RADIO NETWORK ANALYSES.......................................................................... 40
CELL COVERAGE ANALYSES ....................................................................................41 RADIO NETWORK EXPLORER INTERFACE ......................................................................42 EXERCISE: CELL COVERAGE ANALYSIS USING HANDSET DATA ............................................44 EXAMPLE: MISSING NEIGHBORS ANALYSIS ..................................................................47 ADDITIONAL FEATURES FOR 3G NEIGHBOR ANALYSIS ......................................................53 EXERCISE: 3G-2G MISSING NEIGHBORS ANALYSIS ........................................................58 EXAMPLE: PILOT POLLUTION ANALYSIS .......................................................................64 ADDITIONAL FEATURES FOR PILOT POLLUTION ANALYSIS ..................................................66 EXERCISE: PILOT POLLUTION ANALYSIS USING SCANNER DATA ..........................................67

Edition E

Actix Spotlight UMTS and GSM Training Course for Version 1.1

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INTERLUDE: USING CELLREFS ........................................................................ 72 WORKSHOP: EXAMINING YOUR OWN DATA (OPTIONAL)......................................... 73 GSM SECTION ......................................................................................... 74 GSM SUMMARY DASHBOARD......................................................................... 75 GSM SPOTLIGHT REPORTS ........................................................................... 77 EVENT EXPLORER ...................................................................................... 82
ADDITIONAL FEATURES .........................................................................................85 DETAILED EVENT DIAGNOSTICS ...............................................................................87 EXERCISE: DROP CALL ANALYSIS .............................................................................89

RADIO NETWORK ANALYSES.......................................................................... 90
CELL COVERAGE ANALYSIS .....................................................................................91 RADIO NETWORK EXPLORER INTERFACE ......................................................................92 ADDITIONAL FEATURES .........................................................................................97 EXERCISE: NO DOMINANCE .................................................................................. 101 EXERCISE: GSM VISUALIZATION............................................................................ 104

INTERLUDE: USING CELLREFS .......................................................................106 WORKSHOP: EXAMINING YOUR OWN DATA (OPTIONAL)........................................107 APPENDIX A: UMTS THRESHOLDS .................................................................108
SPOTLIGHT ..................................................................................................... 108 UMTS / SCAN_COVERAGE ................................................................................... 108 UMTS / SPOTLIGHT .......................................................................................... 109 UMTS / UE_COVERAGE ..................................................................................... 111

APPENDIX B: DATA SETTINGS FOR UMTS NEIGHBOR ANALYSES ..............................114 APPENDIX C: UMTS EVENT DIAGNOSES ..........................................................118 APPENDIX D: GSM THRESHOLDS ..................................................................129
SPOTLIGHT ..................................................................................................... 129 GSM / ADVANCED_HANDOVER_ANALYSIS ................................................................ 129 GSM / ANALYSIS .............................................................................................. 130 GSM / CELL_PLAN_VIEWER ................................................................................. 131 GSM / EVENTS ................................................................................................ 131 GSM / SPOTLIGHT ............................................................................................ 132 GSM / TROUBLESHOOTER .................................................................................... 133

Edition E

Actix Spotlight UMTS and GSM Training Course for Version 1.1

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APPENDIX E: DATA SETTINGS FOR GSM 2G NEIGHBOR ANALYSIS ............................136 APPENDIX F: GSM DIAGNOSIS .....................................................................139 APPENDIX G: GSM VISUALIZATION ................................................................147 MYACTIX AND SUPPORT ..............................................................................152

Edition E

Actix Spotlight UMTS and GSM Training Course for Version 1.1

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Introduction
Scope of the course
The UMTS and GSM Spotlight Training Course provides a comprehensive overview of Spotlight for the UMTS and GSM technologies. The goal of the course is to give an understanding of the capabilities of the system and how it can help users to improve quality of service for their network subscribers. Advanced users will be introduced to new network applications. The instructors for this course are experts in using Actix solutions to increase productivity, and are familiar with the challenges faced by engineers working in cellular/PCS environments. Class size is limited to ensure that everyone receives extensive one on one instruction. Participants have many opportunities to ask questions relevant to their particular optimization needs. Upon completing the course, participants will be able to use what they learned in class to identify and solve real network problems. The UMTS and GSM Spotlight Training Course begins with a high-level presentation of the Actix platform interface and its capabilities. We will then cover how existing optimization processes can be tailored to the specific needs of the participants.

Edition E

• A general understanding of drive test and call trace collection and post-processing methodology and advantages/limitations with each dataset.Actix Spotlight UMTS and GSM Training Course for Version 1. • Access to Actix software and a familiarity with the Actix software platform. • Basic computer literacy. Anyone looking to maximize the return on investment in Actix software. Edition E . Prerequisites • Familiarity with network infrastructure and operation of the air interface.1 7 Who should attend this training course? • RF Engineers responsible for enhancing cellular performance and implementing wireless system optimization. • Engineers looking to further understand the application of log file data in optimizing networks. • • Experienced technicians involved in field optimization. including familiarity with Windows and MS Office applications.

Create and save your own template for your project. Save the project file.1 8 Aims of the course After this course. Perform 3G-2G Neighbor Analysis. Edition E . Appreciate the role thresholds perform in Spotlight and how to modify them. From the Repository Analysis . Start Spotlight and reload the project file.Actix Spotlight UMTS and GSM Training Course for Version 1. Appreciate pre-defined Spotlight Reports.Drilldown. • • • Configure Spotlight to work with your data and methodologies. you should be able to: • • • • • Add extra data during the analysis. • • Use Spotlight to analyze problems in data sets of differing sizes. Appreciate different analyses methods (Event Based and Radio Network Analyses) in Spotlight. you should be able to: • Appreciate common network problems and how they are classified in Spotlight. Drilldown problem by File or Time to message level with or without loading the whole file. • • Perform different analyses based on handset and scanner data.

a typical path through Spotlight is to start from the Summary Dashboard. where the quality of service has been reduced without necessarily ending any calls. where an event has occurred that discontinued a call. which might indicate the presence of one or more problems. However. Spotlight is designed to allow you to follow your own investigations throughout the various analysis pages and reports. Spotlight breaks these problems down into two groups: • Critical issues. • Important issues.Actix Spotlight UMTS and GSM Training Course for Version 1.1 9 Solving common network problems with Spotlight With the Seek-See-Solve approach. Edition E . examine the summary map and then the appropriate report for the loaded data.

3G-2G) Pilot Pollution Analysis (based on Scanner/Handset data) Event-based troubleshooting • Automated root-cause diagnostics for the most common subscriber problems such as dropped calls and call setup failure. interference problems and UMTS/GSM visualization can be investigated from the Radio Network Explorer analyses (links to these are shown as Important Issues in the Issues panel of the Summary Dashboard).1 10 Cell coverage. • • Missing Neighbors Analysis (3G-3G.Actix Spotlight UMTS and GSM Training Course for Version 1. Edition E . professional-quality reports including embedded maps. Actix Spotlight Features The following Actix Spotlight features are available for UMTS and GSM: Radio Network Analyses • Cell Coverage Analysis (based on Scanner/Handset data) Determines the coverage footprint of cells and identifies overshoot against coverage design boundaries. These then point you at specific problem events which you can examine and diagnose using the Event Explorer (links to these are shown as Critical Issues in the Issues panel). Reporting • Integrated.

• Event Investigation/Analyses Provides a breakdown of the critical and important issues by filename and handset identifier. • Radio Network Investigation/Analyses Provides a breakdown of the important issues by filename and handset identifier. • Data Configuration Step by step wizard that guides the user to configure thresholds and cellrefs and also select data to process into the repository. Edition E .Actix Spotlight UMTS and GSM Training Course for Version 1.1 11 What’s in Spotlight? • New Project and Template Creation Provides a link to the new template configuration wizard or allows a user to create a new project using an existing template. KPIs. queries and so on. reports. These tabular pages are reached through links on the Summary Dashboard. the user can choose to further investigate and perform either Event based or Radio Network analyses. and provides links to summary statistics of the loaded data files. These tabular pages are reached through links on the Summary Dashboard. • Spotlight Report(s) Identifies critical and important issues. • New Template Configuration Wizard Step by step wizard that guides the user to configure a new template with required devices. • Summary Dashboard From the Repository Dashboard.

click on Open. Comment [sf4]: To start a new project. if you prefer not to use Spotlight. But this is not recommended since the whole point of Spotlight . otherwise you can either “Open” or “Delete” an existing project (if you have one). click on Delete. click on “New Project”. you can always use the “legacy” Analyzer Classic link. To start Analyzer Classic.1 12 New Project and Template Creation To create new project. Comment [sf3]: Upon launch of the Actix software. the ‘Choose an Engineering Process’ dialog shows all the Engineering Processes that you are licensed to use. Comment [sf2]: Normally. click on New Project. If you prefer to start with Analyzer Classic. To delete an existing project. and so a user's software may display other processes to those shown here. is not using Analyzer to drill down.Actix Spotlight UMTS and GSM Training Course for Version 1. click on Classic Mode. Edition E . click on “Classic mode” To open an existing project.

performance may be slower than necessary. and how the data is to be stored in the repository. It is important to configure a project template correctly because it controls not only what analysis is available.Actix Spotlight UMTS and GSM Training Course for Version 1. In addition. but also how the data is organized.1 13 Creating a New Project Template Spotlight project templates define KPIs. For example. and this can affect the validity of the analysis. Although Spotlight is based on the Repository technology. Spotlight also generates a repository template based on the KPIs and other options that are selected. particularly when creating the project and loading data into it. When you create a project template using Spotlight's New Template option. reports and attributes. which are available within a Spotlight project. project templates are not the same as repository templates. Edition E . but also when subsequently closing and reloading it. if you include KPIs and reports that are not relevant. the way you configure the project template can affect the performance of the projects that are based on it. During this process. Spotlight uses a default repository template that is supplied with Spotlight.

click on New Template. Follow the instructions and configure your template by following the three simple steps as below: Step 1: Name and Template Step 2: Preferences and Thresholds Step 3: Choose Data Step 1: Name and Template 1. Key in a meaningful project name. Edition E .1 14 New Project Creation (using a pre-defined template): You can use the default repository template or an existing custom-defined template by starting a new Spotlight project on the Creating a New ProjectÆ Step 1: Name and Template page. If you prefer to create your own template.Actix Spotlight UMTS and GSM Training Course for Version 1. 3. Select a suitable pre-defined template. 2. Click Next to continue to configure your settings. click on New Template.

Click Next when you are done with your configuration. Spotlight is a map-centric product. you will need to restart the Spotlight application and return to this point. but click the button to have a quick look at the dialog. If you have selected a new cellrefs file. Comment [sf5]: All thresholds used in UMTS Spotlight are provided in an Appendix to this document. This opens the Preferences dialog. it is necessary to have a valid cellrefs file corresponding to the drive test data.1 15 Step 2: Preferences and Thresholds Preferences settings provide a link to the Actix Software preferences dialog. So. This opens the Thresholds dialog. You do not need to make any changes here yet. Select a cellrefs file if you have not already done so. Choose the correct cellrefs file for Actix Spotlight to refer to. See Appendix A for all thresholds details. Thresholds (See Appendix A for all UMTS Spotlight thresholds information) are user-definable values that can be used as constants in event detection and queries. Edition E .Actix Spotlight UMTS and GSM Training Course for Version 1. 3.

The progress bar for data processing will appear and this will give you an idea of how long it will take. For best use. Click on Done to load your data files. once the data has been loaded into the Repository. Actix Software will first save the Settings and Thresholds as part of the project. Spotlight support max populated data volume: 3Gb Click on Done to begin your troubleshooting. All file information is displayed. However. You can either add more files. Note: The entire process of loading data is dependent on the volume of data to be loaded into the project. aim for at least 1GB free disk space per project.Actix Spotlight UMTS and GSM Training Course for Version 1.1 16 Step 3: Choose Data Choose the data file(s) you would like to load by clicking on Add File. it can be reattached very quickly. You can also add the entire folder by clicking on Add Folder and/or Add all subfolders. Edition E . more folders or remove files. Comment [sf6]: The project will be saved to this folder: \Documents and Settings\All Users\Application Data\Actix\Analyzer\Projects (depending on your current Windows user settings).

You then need to fill out options on four pages as follows: Step 1: Choose Name and Starting Template Step 2: Choose Devices Step 3: Choose KPIs and Reports Step 4: Choose Attributes Step 5: Choose Global Filters In this exercise. you will be creating your own UMTS Template and define all the related devices (handset and/or scanner if you have them). Click on New Template to create your template. Let’s start by creating a template as shown below: Step 1: Choose Name and Starting Template 1. KPIs. Key in a meaningful Project Name.1 17 Exercise: New Template Configuration Start a new Spotlight project and on the Creating a New Project Æ Step 1: Name and Template page. Queries and Attributes. click on New Template. Reports. 2. Edition E .Actix Spotlight UMTS and GSM Training Course for Version 1.

Click Next to start to create your template. 5.1 18 3.Actix Spotlight UMTS and GSM Training Course for Version 1. Edition E . 4. Choose a template you would like to base the project on by clicking on Based on Template. Key in a meaningful Template Name for easy access in the future.

while using an identifier that is common to many types of logfiles. If have a different format or device. Key in the Device Name. you can define your devices. For example.1 19 Step 2: Choose Devices By default. data from all streams will be loaded into the device. Add a Device if you would like to define your own devices Choose a meaningful Device Name. 2. 4. Click on Add Device. 3. Actix software determines whether data from a stream should be loaded into the Device based on whether the Filter text matches any text in the data stream name. if you have TemExp (1) and TemExp (2) in your logfile. Click Add when you have finished adding the device. 5. all devices are aggregated into one device (ALL).Actix Spotlight UMTS and GSM Training Course for Version 1. In this page. 1. Key in the Filter to uniquely identifies different devices. Filter 1) uniquely identifies the handset stream in the file. Edition E . Enter the Device Name and the related Filter that identifies the stream of interest within the logfile. If the Filter field is left empty. click on Import From File to add your device filter(s).

1 20 Step 3: Choose KPIs and Reports You can choose the Key Performance Indicator (KPI) and Reports needed from these three columns (select whichever applies): Event KPIs Radio Network KPIs Summary Report For this exercise. select or check on all UMTS Event & Radio Network KPIs and the related UMTS reports. Edition E .Actix Spotlight UMTS and GSM Training Course for Version 1. Choose the appropriate Event KPIs. Radio Network KPIs and Reports. To ensure best load time performance. do not forget to uncheck other options you do not require. Click Next> to continue.

You can also configure location binning settings in this page. For this exercise. Choose your required binned Data Queries. Configure the binning method. you can add more binned attributes to the set of default attributes available in the repository.1 21 Step 4: Choose Attributes In this step. Click Done when you’ve finished.Actix Spotlight UMTS and GSM Training Course for Version 1. Select all the required attributes. Edition E . 2. 3. 1. choose all UMTS-related binned queries and UMTS attributes required for your template by checking the checkbox on the left of the Attribute.

Note that the regional filtering option is not shown in the above example.1 22 Step 5: Choose Global Filters The fifth step in creating a new Spotlight project template involves choosing whether to enable File/Stream. If these options are enabled. Edition E . Time and regional filtering in the project. you can activate or modify them by clicking on the Global Filters link in the top right of a Spotlight analysis page.Actix Spotlight UMTS and GSM Training Course for Version 1.

you are returned to the New Project start page. and change the settings and configure thresholds. Select your new template.Actix Spotlight UMTS and GSM Training Course for Version 1. where the new template appears in the list of project templates. as described in Step 2 and Step 3 in page 15.1 23 After clicking Done on the fifth page. Click Next> to continue to select the cellref file. Spotlight appends the date on which it was created to the project template's name. Edition E . Note that for convenience.

1 24 UMTS Section Edition E .Actix Spotlight UMTS and GSM Training Course for Version 1.

The report consists of RF parameter charts and maps with important events and attributes. The cell wedges are colour coded: Green represents site that were serving during part of the drive. where it shows the entire drive with Uu_Scan_RSSI being the default attribute is plotted. a separate tab per device will be displayed on the dashboard. Click on Report to generate your UMTS Spotlight Report based on the configuration and settings you’ve defined. The UMTS Issues panel lists all critical and important issues occurring in the dataset. Edition E . The Critical Issues section provides an overview of the drive in terms of failure events. If you have configured multiple devices during the template configuration phase. It allows you to investigate further and drill down to issues in more detail by clicking on the link of the KPIs. The Summary Dashboard consists of these main components: Click on Event Explorer to drill down to all Event-based analysis such as Dropped calls. Click on Log Files to display all information regarding the data file(s) you’ve loaded. The Important Issues section includes the radio network analyses.1 25 Summary Dashboard The Spotlight Summary Dashboard provides you a quick overview of the data loaded in the current Repository project on a per device basis.Actix Spotlight UMTS and GSM Training Course for Version 1. Click on Radio Network Explorer to investigate all Radio Network problems and perform wide-area coverage-based analyses. The Map is the main integral part of Spotlight interface. Call setup Failures etc.

It also provides some useful functions from any stage of your analysis: If your current project uses Global Filters.Actix Spotlight UMTS and GSM Training Course for Version 1. and also allows you to filter by time (not shown above). note that you need to click the Add Filter link on the right to create the filter. Click on the link to show a dialog similar to this: This dialog allows you to specify any files or streams that you want to exclude from the analysis. Edition E .1 26 At the top of the page. a related link appears in the navigation bar. this dialog will also give you the option to filter by region. the navigation bar allows you to move around in Spotlight. Once you have specified the filter. If you have configured regional filtering.

Overview Map. Note: A report must have been activated in the current project's template.1 27 UMTS Spotlight Reports Reports are a good place to start when attempting to identify problems in the loaded data. If you then reopen the workbook that was saved earlier. the map bitmaps will be updated to reflect the new data. Edition E . These can be accessed by clicking on the Reports link from Spotlight's Summary Dashboard page. Radio. click here. Overview. To switch views. You can either click on the Save button to save report in .Actix Spotlight UMTS and GSM Training Course for Version 1. To close the Report. It shows all unfiltered data in the project database for the associated technology. CS Domain and PS Domain to explore various pages of the report.htm format or click on the Show Excel Report button to open the report in Microsoft Excel. use the Window menu. If you run the report again on different data. Click on one of the reports in navigation tabs such as Report.

gif.Actix Spotlight UMTS and GSM Training Course for Version 1. If you have a map also open. Overview. click on the X on the far right of the application menu options. the image files in each subfolder are always called image1. To close the report. CS Domain and PS Domain to explore various pages of the report. Radio. which may cause you problems in some situations. Note that the web page has an associated subfolder with a unique name containing various image and other files relating to that report. Edition E . The Save button exports the report as a web page. you can switch between the report and the map view using the Window menu options. or the maps will be updated with the data from the latest running of the report. However. image2. Report: File Overview Click on any of the navigation tabs such as Report.1 28 Excel asks if you want to update. Choose the Don't Update option. Overview Map.gif.

1 29 Report: Overview Map Maps with Measurements and Failure Events help you to visualize the problem better and to create an appealing report.Actix Spotlight UMTS and GSM Training Course for Version 1. Edition E .

average etc.1 30 Report: Radio Statistics and histogram give you a quick overview of the statistics (min. max. Edition E .Actix Spotlight UMTS and GSM Training Course for Version 1.) and the distribution of the EcIo and RSCP analyses.

Call Drops are highlighted in Red while Call Setup Failures are highlighted in Orange.Actix Spotlight UMTS and GSM Training Course for Version 1.1 31 Report: CS Domain or PS Domain CS Call Information drills down to each call and provides call information based on your log file. Edition E . Note that the PS Domain Report looks similar except that only PS call information is displayed.

On the bottom side panel. Spotlight contains the following Event Explorer pages for you to perform a wide range of analyses: • Circuit Switched ƒ ƒ ƒ • Dropped Calls Call Setup Failures Location Update Failures Handover Issues ƒ ƒ Handover Failures Missing Neighbors (Only available for Handset and Scanner data files. there is a list of all the dropped calls Edition E .1 32 Event Explorer The Event Explorer provides a detailed analysis of critical failure events such as Call Drops and Call Setup Failure. using the handset and scanner merge feature) ƒ Information only • • • % Strong NBR Diff Baud (better than the serving cell) % NBR with 5dB (within 5dB of the serving cell) % NBR with 5dB Diff Baud (within 5dB of the serving cell but different frequency) The table in the top panel has a row for each site and lists the failure rates for that site.Actix Spotlight UMTS and GSM Training Course for Version 1. You could arrive at this page from the Summary Dashboard because of clicking on a Critical Issue or on the Event Explorer icon.

Click on Select Category to select the technology.Actix Spotlight UMTS and GSM Training Course for Version 1.1 33 occurring in the drive. Edition E . Click on a KPI link to go to the corresponding analysis section. If you select a check box in one of the rows. if you have loaded different technology logfiles. the bottom side panel will only show the events appearing for the site or sector in that row. Click on Event Explorer on the top panel to go to the event dashboard page.

Actix Spotlight UMTS and GSM Training Course for Version 1. Then check each row with high “problem” KPIs. you might want to sort by the Diagnostics column to see the diagnostic types grouped alphabetically. If there are too many rows in the table. Edition E . check the top left hand box to enable the selection boxes for each row. The side panel is now filtered to show the events appearing for only the selected site or sector rows.1 34 View only View + Drilldown option You can sort by the Diagnostics column to view the diagnostic types grouped alphabetically. If the top table shows high values for a particular problem KPI.

Category Choose a suitable KPI category that you would like to look at quickly to narrow down your result. You can also delete your filter by clicking on Remove Filter or Remove All.1 35 Additional Features You can narrow down your results by choosing which analysis you want to perform.Actix Spotlight UMTS and GSM Training Course for Version 1. displaying your selected attributes or events you would like to look at. applying filter. Edition E . Add Filter Create or Add filter or filters to cut down the outcome and bring you closer to your desire result.

Pilot Pollution. Select the attributes you would like to display on current map from the Attributes drop down list. Events You can also view different types of failure events.Actix Spotlight UMTS and GSM Training Course for Version 1. you can visualize more attributes by displaying them on the map. the relevant events will be displayed in the drop down list. Too Many Server etc… by selecting them from the Events drop down list. Edition E .1 36 Attributes To help you to understand the problem better. If you’ve loaded other technology logfile.

Check on the Drill Down checkbox of event that you would like to drill down to. the cause of the dropped call is due to Handover Problem. • Further Explanation Details on the causes for the call drop • Further Analysis Suggestions on how to proceed with further analysis • Measurement Information RF measurements around the event In this example. To investigate the problem further. drill down to a selected sector(s). It consists of the following sections: • Causes Possible causes for the call drop.1 37 Detailed Event Diagnostics The Detailed Event Diagnostics section provides diagnosis for the failure event.Actix Spotlight UMTS and GSM Training Course for Version 1. Edition E .

A map and the UMTS Event Navigator window display attributes relating to the selected event. 3. Check on Load All Devices if you have collected handset and scanner data together. around the event. and would like to load all the devices combined. Edition E .Actix Spotlight UMTS and GSM Training Course for Version 1. Key in the desire time in seconds for Before and After box. click on Begin Drilldown. 4.1 38 File-based drilldown: Load the entire file containing the event and analyze further. Note that this will take longer. Check on Load entire file if you would like to load the whole file. There is also a Protocol Stack Browser providing detailed messaging 1. If you would like to drill down further to message level. 2. the analysis has been based the database. Time Window drilldown: Specify a time window before and after the event and Actix software will only load data for that window (fastest loading and best time performance). There are a few additional views to help analyze the event in more detail. Drilldown illdown Until this stage. Click on Begin Drilldown to extract detail information (up to message level) from the database. Note: All the views will only have data for the specified time window. The table on the left shows a row for each Dropped Call event selected for further drilldown. together with a diagnosis of the cause.

The cell wedges are colour coded to represent dropped call numbers. This prevents the table from becoming cluttered by only showing a small set of related KPIs at the same time. SIR and SIR Target. Stronger neighbors not selected for handover. Edition E .1 39 Exercise: Drop Call Analysis In this exercise. we will analyze a call drop where the Dropped Call event will appear on the map. Investigate this drop call.Actix Spotlight UMTS and GSM Training Course for Version 1. Poor EcNo and Good RSSI when call dropped is shown on UMTS Handset State Form. The UMTS Event Navigator State Form shows the event and SC. Comment [sf7]: This set of views displayed (Screen Layout) can be modified by the user by saving new screen layout. We’ll first look at the diagnostics panel on the left or the table in the top panel where a row for each site lists the failure rates for that site. The chart also shows the TxPower. It can be modified by saving a new screen layout. The Protocol Stack Browser provides detailed messaging around the event. Confirm if it is due to poor coverage and see if you can find more information. The side panel lists all the critical events occurring in the drive. This view (screen layout) provides most of the information needed to diagnose a dropped call. Note that the table shows a set of KPIs corresponding to the currently selected Category.

1 40 Radio Network Analyses Spotlight contains the following Radio Network Analyses to provide you to perform wide area coverage based analyses in UMTS: • Cell Coverage Analysis (based on Scanner/Handset data) Determines the coverage footprint of cells and identifies overshoot against coverage design boundaries. Click on a link to go to the corresponding Radio Network analysis section. • • Missing Neighbors Analysis (3G-3G. or click on Radio Network Explorer to go to the corresponding radio network analysis section. Click on Radio Network Explorer on the top panel to go to the Radio Network dashboard page. Edition E . Click on a link to go to the corresponding Radio Network analysis section.Actix Spotlight UMTS and GSM Training Course for Version 1. 3G-2G) Pilot Pollution Analysis (based on Scanner/Handset data) The UMTS Issues or Important Issues side panel on the Summary Dashboard provides a link to each of the above analysis.

These analyses are available for both scanner and handset data. Visualize where a cell is the best server.1 41 Cell Coverage Analyses The Cell Coverage Analyses allow you to determine coverage for the cells in their networks. You can use this analysis to: • • • Determine the coverage footprint for each cell. Edition E .Actix Spotlight UMTS and GSM Training Course for Version 1. Visualize where cells are overshooting their coverage design boundary (defined by SL_Overspill_Dist_Threshold).

Map When a row is clicked in the top panel or a site is clicked on the map. The red circle represents the user-configured coverage design boundary. and data points outside this circle represent overspill. RSCP (Max. The map zooms to the site and displays the site’s coverage. overview information is displayed in the side panel. – This is the difference between UL and DL pathloss and is used to highlight cell with possible LNA (TMA) issues.1 42 Radio Network Explorer Interface The Radio Network Explorer interface consists of the following components: Top Panel Summary information is displayed in the top panel. Edition E . Av) Link Diff. the map shows the coverage wedge for the selected cell. When no rows are selected. RSCP (Max.Actix Spotlight UMTS and GSM Training Course for Version 1. EcIo and RSCP. The top panel includes the following tabular form information on the sites: • Scanner o o o EcNo. That is if the difference is greater the 8dB Downlink Interference factor Percentage of coverage issues • • • System interference Limited coverage Poor UL & DL o o Note: Clicking on a row in this table causes the side panel to display more information about the site. Min. Av) > Beam – Percentage of points outside the cell beamwidth > 180 Beam – Percentage of points outside the 180 Beamwidth • Handset o o EcNo. Min.

Edition E . Sort all information by clicking on the headings of the top panel’s table. Cell Coverage This panel displays on the Quality tab various KPI values for the site selected and the Distance tab shows a histogram of the distances at which the cell was measured. Using the Radio Network Explorer The page operates in two modes: Best Server and Where Seen. In Best Server mode. the EcIo whenever the cell was measured is displayed.Actix Spotlight UMTS and GSM Training Course for Version 1. In Where Seen mode.1 43 Side Panel This displays various KPI values for the site selected and a histogram of the distances at which the cell was measured. the EcIo when the selected cell was the best server is displayed. ‘Best Server’ and ‘Where Seen’ modes for handset and scanner can be selected from the Analysis drop-down menu. the coverage footprint for only the cells that were best servers in the drive can be visualized. Note: In the where seen mode. Changing the mode affects the EcIo attribute that is displayed on the map.

Hovering over the link shows the thresholds used to identify this issue. apply a filter. 3. Sort by Average EcIo and color the cells by EcIo by clicking on the icon beside the column heading. To remove rows with low sample counts. This is based on the following Thresholds: Changing the thresholds value will only take effect after the next load of data. Note that all samples less than 50 are not displayed after the filter is applied. Click on the issue link to open the Cell Coverage analysis page.Actix Spotlight UMTS and GSM Training Course for Version 1. 2.1 44 Exercise: Cell Coverage Analysis Using Handset Data The Summary Dashboard shows a Important Issue relating to Poor Coverage. The Issues panel showed a high percentage of System Interference issues. Several rows have a low sample count and so are unreliable to use in this investigation. so examine the top table of the analysis for indications of poorly performing cells. 1. Edition E .

Examine the map and note that there are some samples with poor EcIo. Site 0433 Sector C. This may indicate a missing neighbor or maybe not. Note that drive test data is binned according to the selections made in step 4 of defining the project template. Are any other cells interfering to cause this situation? Experiment with plotting various Events and Attributes. by using the Events drop-down menu) will use the exact position rather than a binned position. Edition E . so events might not align with the data points. despite being very close to the problem sector. any events displayed on the map (for example. 5. However.Actix Spotlight UMTS and GSM Training Course for Version 1. Plotting the Uu_ActiveSet_Count attribute shows that there is only one clear server.1 45 4.

there is no missing neighbor in this example. • During your analysis. Protocol Stack Browser. and to open one or more new views. Continue with the next Missing Neighbors exercise to find a good example of a missing neighbor.1 46 6. except for those opened by the user . Note that this will not affect any views you opened earlier.for example: table. Edition E . Miscellaneous Navigation Concepts • When moving from a Critical Issue to an Important Issue. Note that the map and table keep the focus on the selected cell. To get back to the original layout. you may have found it necessary to move or remove the existing diagnostic views. all diagnostic views will be unloaded. Seems like there is no recommendation for “Addition” . Message Browser. Click on the 3G Missing Neighbors tab. select Click here to resync views for this investigation.Actix Spotlight UMTS and GSM Training Course for Version 1.

the analysis examines the relationship between the existing neighbors and the potential neighbors as seen by the scanner. The suggestions made by the software can be exported directly to a CSV file for easy import and updates directly to the switch. Clicking on a row in this table causes neighbor information for the selected cell to be displayed in the side panel. The circle represents the user-defined radius used by the analysis to identify potential neighbors. lines to neighbors are drawn from that site. and generates add. • Map When a row is clicked in the top panel or a site is clicked on the map.1 47 Example: Missing Neighbors Analysis This analysis lets you groom neighbor lists based on scanner data for sites within a user-defined radius (Data Settings Æ Maximum Intersite Distance) of the cell selected. and lines to neighbors to be drawn on the map. Check boxes next to a recommendation can be selected for export to a CSV file. Edition E .Actix Spotlight UMTS and GSM Training Course for Version 1. It includes in a tabular form a number of “addition”. If the cellrefs file contains neighbor information. remove and retain recommendations for each site and cell. • Side Panel Details of the neighbor recommendations are displayed on the side panel. The interface consists of the following components: • Top Panel Summary information is displayed in the top panel. As the data point used in the analysis are displayed. “removal” and “retain” neighbor recommendations for every site.

1 48 Before You Begin Before you begin.Actix Spotlight UMTS and GSM Training Course for Version 1. you should have collected the following: • Scanner data that relates to a single UMTS frequency that is loaded as a separate stream with a suitable matching cellrefs file. Increasingly. UMTS scanners are able to scan several frequencies (identified by the UARFCN) simultaneously. Edition E . which must contain a field called WCDMANeighborList on the WCDMA_Cell network element. • This must have been loaded using a suitable matching CellRefs file.

2. If you have not done so before. These are the default settings recommended by Actix (see Appendix B for details). click on the Radio Network Explorer button and click on this tab. 3. Sort by the Additions column in the top table to find out which site/sector has the highest number of missing neighbors. or click on an appropriate Important Issue in the left-hand Issues panel. from the Summary Dashboard page. To start this analysis. check the Data Settings that control the algorithm for neighbor list analysis. You can now see the sector with the highest number of recommended additions to its neighbor list.1 49 Using Neighbor List Analysis 1.Actix Spotlight UMTS and GSM Training Course for Version 1. Edition E .

any events displayed on the map (for example. The circle represents the user-defined radius (Maximum Intersite Distance) used by the analysis to identify potential neighbors. The thickness of the line indicates the higher percentage. so events might not align with the data points. while a red line indicates that the selected sector should be removed.Actix Spotlight UMTS and GSM Training Course for Version 1. Note that drive test data is binned according to the selections made in step 4 of defining the project template.: Site 0342 sector b1 should be retained (the line is blue) because it has been scanned of total 28. Click on the top row in the table to show information for that sector. The map now shows green lines to each recommended additional neighbor.6% and it is a co-sector of sector a1.e. Edition E . However. A Green line indicates the selected sector is recommended to be added.1 50 4. The map also displays the data points used in the analysis. by using the Events drop-down menu) will use the exact position rather than a binned position. The thickness of each line shows how well the suggestion meets the criteria of the analysis. i.

Actix Spotlight UMTS and GSM Training Course for Version 1. and will need to make the correction to the switch manually (for example. existing cells between the sector and the suggested addition). or for reasons related to the data settings.1 51 5. Repeat this process for each row in the top table. If you accept all suggestions for a sector. 6. Examine each suggested additional neighbor. 7. as necessary. Note that the number beside the button changes to match your selection. you may want to use the SC Search feature to find an alternative sector to add to the neighbor list. Note that in this case you will not be able to output your choice. you can click the related button in the table to mark your choice. You may have reasons for refusing to accept the suggestion on geographical grounds (for example. If you disagree with a suggested addition. by editing the CSV file). Edition E .

Actix Spotlight UMTS and GSM Training Course for Version 1.1 52 8. Note that by default the map does not show lines for removal recommendations. Once you are satisfied with the recommendations that you have selected. From the top of the page. 9. You can now go through the same process for the 'Removals' column. Edition E . you can output them to a CSV file. click the Export Data link.

1 53 Additional Features for 3G Neighbor Analysis You can narrow down your results by choosing which analysis you want to perform. This is very useful to identify the Co-SC locations quickly. The currently selected attributes will be kept as you move between Spotlight's analysis pages. Edition E .Actix Spotlight UMTS and GSM Training Course for Version 1. All of the options in the group take effect when you run the UMTS Missing Neighbor analysis. • Events drop down menu As above but for plotting Events on the map. which can be used to build lists of suggested neighbor cells to add and remove. These are some additional features available at this interface: • Find SC search feature Visualize an SC on the map where the specified SCs will be colored red in all the sites. Currently plotted attributes are shown in red in the list. applying filter. • Attributes drop down menu Lets you plot on the map one or more commonly used attributes. • Data Settings dialog box This opens up a dialog box for configuring the algorithm that Spotlight uses for the UMTS missing neighbor analysis. • Filters The table on the top panel can be filtered by adding filters through this dialog. displaying your selected attributes or events you would like to look at.

1 54 Device Choose the device (handset or scanner) that you would like to look at. In this example.Actix Spotlight UMTS and GSM Training Course for Version 1. there is only one device “All”. Key in the SC you would like to search for in the Scrambling Code field. Specify an SC and this feature colors red all the sites using this SC. Note SC 273 is highlighted in RED in the map: Filter Edition E . where everything is grouped together. Find SC Visualize an SC on the map. Click on Search to search for the SC 273.

Edition E .Actix Spotlight UMTS and GSM Training Course for Version 1.1 55 Data Settings (See Appendix B for details) Export Data Select this link to export neighbor recommendations to a CSV file.

Edition E . Select the attributes you would like to display on the current map from the Attributes drop down list. You can also delete your filter by clicking on Remove Filter or Remove All. you can visualize more attributes by displaying them on the map.Actix Spotlight UMTS and GSM Training Course for Version 1. Attributes To help you to understand the problem better.1 56 Add Filter Create or Add filter or filters to cut down the outcome and bring you closer to your desire result.

Edition E .Actix Spotlight UMTS and GSM Training Course for Version 1.1 57 Events You can also view different types of failure events by selecting them from the Events drop down list.

are typically caused by missing neighbors.Actix Spotlight UMTS and GSM Training Course for Version 1. which are cells that have not been defined in the neighbor list of the strongest cell at a given location. The 3G-2G Missing Neighbors analysis uses scanner data for cells within a specified radius and compares the visible channels to the current neighbor list as given in the 2G cellrefs data. The results of the analysis are presented in a map and table. Sort by Additions column to find out the recommendation of which missing neighbor sites/sectors should be added. but which have an RxLevel good enough to be added to the UE’s neighbor list as a potential cell to hand over from 3G to 2G.1 58 Exercise: 3G-2G Missing Neighbors Analysis Situations where the 3G network cannot carry a call due to interference or poor radio conditions .and the call needs to be carried out or completed in the 2G network . Edition E . The analysis is a single defined process that integrates map visualization of neighbor relationships with reported recommendations.

2. it must have been logged in idle mode. which must contain a field called GSMNeighborList on the WCDMA_Cell network element. click on the Radio Network Explorer button and click on this tab. To start this analysis.Actix Spotlight UMTS and GSM Training Course for Version 1. These must have been loaded using a suitable matching cellrefs file.1 59 Before You Begin You will need to have loaded the following: 1. Increasingly. A GSM scanner or handset stream that was logged at the same time. UMTS scanners are able to scan several frequencies (identified by the UARFCN) simultaneously. A UMTS scanner stream that relates to a single UMTS frequency. 3. Using Neighbor List Analysis 1. If a handset stream is used. from the Summary Dashboard page. or click on an appropriate Important Issue in the left-hand Issues panel: Edition E .

In this example. Check that the Server Count column shows an acceptable value (you can also define a cutoff threshold using the Minimum Sample Count as shown above). we will be interested in the Minimum Sample Count and the Addition Threshold. Edition E . Sort the top table by the Additions column. 3. the analysis will immediately update. If you alter a data setting.Actix Spotlight UMTS and GSM Training Course for Version 1.1 60 2. check the data settings that control the algorithm for neighbor list analysis. If you have not done so before. You can now see the sector with the highest number of recommended additions to its neighbor list.

The circle represents the user-defined radius (Minimum Intersite Distance) used by the analysis to identify potential neighbors.Actix Spotlight UMTS and GSM Training Course for Version 1. you can select the checkbox in the table to mark your choice. sorted by the % of data points that meet the recommendation algorithm. The side panel on the left shows each recommendation for a sector individually. There are many additions in this example as the cellrefs file does not contain any 3G-2G neighbor definitions . Add the CPICH_Scan_EcIo_SortedBy_EcIo_0 attribute to the map.therefore there are also no retentions or removals suggested. It also displays the data points used in the analysis. Edition E . If you accept the suggestion. The map now shows lines to the recommended additions. The thickness of each line shows how well the suggestion meets the criteria of the analysis. Click on the top row in the table to show information for that sector.1 61 4.

Note that the more potential neighbors you add.1 62 5. you can use the table in the side panel on the left. Note that the number beside the button changes to match your selection. conceivably resulting in a dropped call. as in this example. Edition E . with none currently selected for export. for example because there is no 3G-2G neighbor data in the cellrefs file. read 178/178.Actix Spotlight UMTS and GSM Training Course for Version 1. You may well have an upper limit already defined by your internal guidelines. the sheer number of suggested additions is 51. If you refuse to accept the suggestion. there were 178 suggested additions in the first row.useful if. For example. the longer it will take a handset to find appropriate neighbors. this would result in that number . you can select the related checkbox in the table to mark your choice. If you accept all suggestions for a sector. the number would show 0/178. there are many recommendations. compared with the maximum permitted number of 32. So if you selected 13 additions. If you clicked. and you need to keep track of how many you have already selected. Select and examine a few suggested additional neighbors. If you do not want to select every recommendation for a sector.

From the top of the page. you can output them to a CSV file. Edition E . click the Export data link. 9. as necessary. you may want to use the View SC feature to find an alternative sector to add to the neighbor list. Note that by default the map does not show lines for removal recommendations. If you disagree with a suggested addition. Once you are satisfied with the recommendations that you have selected.1 63 6. Note that in this case you will not be able to output your choice. 7. Repeat this process for each row in the top table. by editing the CSV file).Actix Spotlight UMTS and GSM Training Course for Version 1. You could now go through the same process for the 'Removals' column (this example contains no 'removals' suggestions). and will need to make the correction to the switch manually (for example. 8.

and prioritize the cells in the network that are strong candidates for down-tilts and coverage optimization. All the pilot pollution events involving the site are also plotted on the map.1 64 Example: Pilot Pollution Analysis This analysis gives you the ability to quickly identify ‘inbound’ vs. This analysis is available for scanner as well as handset data. ‘outbound’ pilot pollution and visually see the offending sectors on the map. lines to inbound as well as outbound pollution are drawn from that site. It includes in a tabular form the number of pilot pollution events for each site. Clicking on a row in this table causes pilot pollution information for the selected cell to be displayed in the side panel. Edition E . and the total number of inbound/outbound polluters. Note that you can click on the icon at the left of the table to export this information in a CSV file.Actix Spotlight UMTS and GSM Training Course for Version 1. The lines to polluters have a direction arrow suggesting inbound or outbound pollution. • Map When you click a row in the top panel or on a site on the map. You can determine the relative degree of pollution for each cell. and lines to polluters to be drawn on the map. Interface The interface consists of the following components: • Top Panel Summary information is displayed in the top panel.

The thickness of the lines indicates the degree to which pilot pollution was detected for the selected sector. Outbound pollution lines are drawn in red from the selected sector to the sectors being polluted. You can choose any of the following Analysis types: Inbound cells are where the selected sector is being polluted by other sectors. Outbound cells are where the selected sector is polluting other sectors. based on the loaded data. Edition E . Inbound pilot pollution lines are drawn in blue. Rolling over the lines with the cursor displays more detailed information. You can click on the icons on the left to export the related information in a CSV file.Actix Spotlight UMTS and GSM Training Course for Version 1. The arrow on each line points from the polluting sector to the polluted sector.1 65 • Side Panel Details of the inbound and outbound pollution for the selected site. All Inbound and Outbound sites and cells (sectors) of the selected sector is listed in the Cell Pilot Pollution Details panel.

Input an SC to visualize on the map. you could dump the UMTS Dropped Call event on the map and quickly find out if the call dropped due to pilot pollution. • Events drop down menu This shows event attributes that you can select to plot on the map. • Find SC Visualize a SC on the map. and this feature would color all the sites with this SC red.1 66 Additional Features for Pilot Pollution Analysis These are some additional features available in this interface: • Filters The table on the top panel can be filtered by adding filters through this dialog. • Attributes drop down menu This shows commonly used attributes that you can select to plot on the map. This helps in quickly identifying Co-SC locations. So for example. while looking at pilot pollution. • Overview Clicking on this link will display an overview of pilot pollution in the entire drive.Actix Spotlight UMTS and GSM Training Course for Version 1. • Analysis drop down Select Scanner or Handset analysis. Edition E .

From the Summary Dashboard. Alternatively. 2. click on an appropriate Important Issue in the left-hand Issues panel. click on the Radio Network Explorer button and click on the Cell Pilot Pollution tab. sector 0433b1 looks like the best candidate for investigation as it has a high number of Too Many Servers events. such as Too Many Servers (a pilot pollution issue).1 67 Exercise: Pilot Pollution Analysis Using Scanner Data 1. Sort by # Outbound Cells In this example. and Outbound and Inbound Cell polluters.Actix Spotlight UMTS and GSM Training Course for Version 1. Edition E .

The map now highlights the selected sector.1 68 3.Actix Spotlight UMTS and GSM Training Course for Version 1. Edition E . De-select the Inbound Cells box to hide the inbound polluting lines.

Edition E . On the map. drag a box around the area with a cluster of Too Many Server events by using the Area Select in the map.Actix Spotlight UMTS and GSM Training Course for Version 1. De-select the Outbound and select the Inbound Cells 5.1 69 4. to show lines to cells.

Actix Spotlight UMTS and GSM Training Course for Version 1. Edition E . and a few polluting cells are some distance away. so you would need to improve the coverage in that area.1 70 There is no clear dominator in this area.

In the image below. To see how the selected sector is polluting other sectors. This confirms that the selected sector may need some downtilt to avoid causing the pollution and to increase nearby coverage. 8. 7. past much closer sectors. The selected sector is causing pollution at quite a distance. from the top table. Edition E . de-select Inbound Cells and select Outbound Cells.1 71 6. the EcIo values have been plotted on the map to confirm the situation near the Too Many Server events.Actix Spotlight UMTS and GSM Training Course for Version 1. Use the Cell Coverage tab to see how best to improve the coverage for the selected sector.

configuring.1 72 Interlude: Using Cellrefs Your trainer will now take you through a separate worksheet on importing.Actix Spotlight UMTS and GSM Training Course for Version 1. You will need to have done this before you can proceed to the next section on examining your own data. Edition E . modifying and using your own cellrefs files suitable for UMTS.

This is only available if there is sufficient time. and if prior arrangement has been made with the course trainer.1 73 Workshop: Examining Your Own Data (Optional) This is a freeform section of the course. in which you analyse your own data samples using Spotlight. Edition E .Actix Spotlight UMTS and GSM Training Course for Version 1. with the aid of the course trainer.

Actix Spotlight UMTS and GSM Training Course for Version 1.1 74 GSM Section Edition E .

The Important Issues section includes the Radio Network analyses. The GSM Issues panel lists all critical and important issues occurring in the dataset. Click on Radio Network Explorer to investigate all Radio Network problems and perform wide area coverage-based analyses. Edition E . The Summary Dashboard consists of these main components: Click on Event Explorer to drill down to all event-based analyses such as Dropped Calls. The cell wedges are colour coded: Green represents site that were serving during part of the drive. The Critical issues section provides an overview of the drive in terms of failure Events. The Map is an integral part of theSpotlight interface.Actix Spotlight UMTS and GSM Training Course for Version 1. showing the entire drive. with RxLev being the default attribute plotted. The report consists of some RF parameter charts and maps with important events and attributes. Click on Reports to generate your GSM Spotlight Report based on the configuration and settings you’ve defined. Call Setup Failures etc. It allows you to further investigate and drill down to issues in more detail by clicking on the link of the KPIs.1 75 GSM Summary Dashboard ashboard The Spotlight Summary Dashboard provides you a quick overview of the data loaded in the current Repository project on a per device basis. If you have configured multiple devices during the template configuration phase. a separate tab per device will be displayed on the dashboard. Click on Log Files to display all information regarding the data file(s) you’ve loaded.

and also allows you to filter by time (not shown above). Click on the link to show a dialog similar to this: This dialog allows you to specify any files or streams that you want to exclude from the analysis. If you have configured regional filtering. a related link appears in the navigation bar.1 76 At the top of the page. this dialog will also give you the option to filter by region. It also provides some useful functions from any stage of your analysis: If your current project uses Global Filters.Actix Spotlight UMTS and GSM Training Course for Version 1. note that you need to click the Add Filter link on the right to create the filter. Once you have specified the filter. Edition E . the navigation bar allows you to move around in Spotlight.

click here.htm format. the image files in each subfolder are always called image1. Click on one of the reports in the navigation tabs. You can either click on the Save button to save the report in . Note: A report must have been activated in the current project's template. image2. Overview Map. Note that if you run the report again on different data. or click on Show Excel Report button to export the report to Microsoft Excel format. To switch views. File Overview. use the Window menu. It shows all unfiltered data in the project database for the associated technology. which may cause you problems in some situations.gif. Note that the web page has an associated subfolder with a unique name containing various image and other files relating to that report. such as Report. However. Excel will ask if you want to update. or the maps will be updated with the data from the latest running of the report. The Save button exports the report as a web page.Actix Spotlight UMTS and GSM Training Course for Version 1. To close the Report. Radio and CS Domain to explore various pages of the report.gif. These can be accessed by clicking on the Reports link from Spotlight's Summary Dashboard page. Edition E . If you subsequently reopen the workbook that was saved earlier. the map bitmaps will be updated to reflect the new data. It is important that you choose the Don't Update option.1 77 GSM Spotlight Reports Reports are a good place to start when attempting to identify problems in the loaded data.

click on the X on the far right of the application menu options.gif. Note that the web page has an associated subfolder with a unique name containing various image and other files relating to that report. which may cause you problems in some situations. Report: File Overview Click on any of the navigation tabs. Choose the Don't Update option. If you then reopen the workbook that was saved earlier.1 78 If you run the report again on different data. Overview Map. the image files in each subfolder are always called image1. If you have a map also open. Edition E . image2. However. the map bitmaps will be updated to reflect the new data. File Overview. or the maps will be updated with the data from the latest running of the report. The Save button exports the report as a web page. such as Report. To close the report. you can switch between the report and the map view using the Window menu options.gif. Radio and CS Domain to explore various pages of the report. Excel asks if you want to update.Actix Spotlight UMTS and GSM Training Course for Version 1.

Actix Spotlight UMTS and GSM Training Course for Version 1.1 79 Report: Overview Map Maps with Measurements and Failure Events help you to visualize the problem better and create a more appealing report. Edition E .

max. etc.Actix Spotlight UMTS and GSM Training Course for Version 1. Edition E .) and the distribution of the RxQual and RxLev analysis. average.1 80 Report: Radio Statistics and histograms give you a quick overview of the statistics (min.

Actix Spotlight UMTS and GSM Training Course for Version 1.1 81 Report: CS Domain Call Information drills down to each call and provides call information based on your log file. Call Drops will be highlighted in Red while call setup failure will be highlighted in Orange. Edition E .

On the bottom side panel.1 82 Event Explorer The Event Explorer provides a detailed analysis of critical failure events such as Call Drops and Call Setup Failures. Spotlight contains the following Event Explorer pages for you to perform a wide range of analyses: • Circuit Switched ƒ ƒ ƒ • Dropped Calls Call Setup Failures Location Update Failures Handover Issues ƒ ƒ Handover Failures Missing Neighbors (Only available for Handset and Scanner data files.Actix Spotlight UMTS and GSM Training Course for Version 1. Edition E . there is a list of all the dropped calls occurring in the drive. using the handset and scanner merge feature) ƒ Information only • • • % Strong NBR Diff Baud (better than the serving cell) % NBR with 5dB (within 5dB of the serving cell) % NBR with 5dB diff Baud (within 5dB of the serving cell but different frequency) The table in the top panel has a row for each site and lists the failure rates for that site. You could arrive at this page from the Summary Dashboard as a result of clicking on a Critical Issue or on the Event Explorer icon. the bottom side panel will only show the events appearing for the site or sector in that row. If you select a check box in one of the rows.

Actix Spotlight UMTS and GSM Training Course for Version 1. Click on a KPI link to go to the corresponding event-based analysis section.1 83 Click on Event Explorer on the top panel to go to the Event dashboard page. Edition E .

you might want to sort by the Diagnostics column to see the diagnostic types grouped alphabetically. check the top left hand box to enable the selection boxes for each row. View + Drilldown option View Only If the top table shows high values for a particular problem KPI.1 84 You can sort by the Diagnostics column to see the diagnostic types grouped alphabetically. Then check each row with high problem KPIs. If there are too many rows in the table.Actix Spotlight UMTS and GSM Training Course for Version 1. Edition E . The side panel is now filtered to show the events appearing for only the selected site or sector rows.

applying a filter. You can also delete your filter by clicking on Remove Filter or Remove All.Actix Spotlight UMTS and GSM Training Course for Version 1. Category Choose a suitable KPI category that you would like to look at quickly. or displaying your selected attributes or events you would like to examine. one which reduces the clutter of KPIs in the top table.1 85 Additional Features You can narrow down your results by choosing which analysis you want to perform. Edition E . Add Filter Create or Add filter or filters to cut down the outcome and bring you closer to your desire result.

Events You can also view different types of failure events by selecting them from the Events drop down list.1 86 Attributes To help you to understand the problem better. Edition E . you can visualize more attributes by displaying them on the map. Select the attributes you would like to display on the current map from the Attributes drop down list.Actix Spotlight UMTS and GSM Training Course for Version 1.

Edition E .Actix Spotlight UMTS and GSM Training Course for Version 1.1 87 Detailed Event Diagnostics The Detailed Event Diagnostics section provides diagnosis for the failure event. It consists of the following sections: • Causes Possible causes for the call drop. the cause of the dropped call is due to Poor Coverage. See Appendix F for more information on how the diagnostic information is derived. Further investigate the problem by drilling down to a selected sector(s). • Further Explanation Details on the causes for the call drop • Further Analysis Suggestions on how to proceed with further analysis • Measurement Information RF measurements around the event In this example.

the analysis has been generated from the database. Check on the Drill Down checkbox of the event that you would like to drill down to. Key in the desire time in seconds for Before and After box.Actix Spotlight UMTS and GSM Training Course for Version 1. and would like to load all the devices combined. Check on Load entire file if you would like to Load the whole file. click on Begin Drilldown to drilldown further. Click on Begin Drilldown to extract detail information (up to message level) from the repository (database). 4. Time Window drilldown: Specify a time window before and after the event and Actix software will only load data for that window (fastest loading and best time performance). 3. If you would like to drill down further to message level. Check on Load All Devices if you have collected handset and scanner data together. Edition E . 2. File-based drilldown: Load the entire file containing the event and analyze further. Note that this will take longer time.1 88 Drilldown Up till this stage. 1.

The chart also shows the RxLev. The cell wedges are color coded to represent dropped call numbers. Confirm if it is due to poor coverage and see you can find more information. This view (screen layout) provides most of the information needed to diagnose a dropped call.Actix Spotlight UMTS and GSM Training Course for Version 1. Note that the table shows a set of KPIs that correspond to the current Category to prevent the table from becoming cluttered by only showing a small set of related KPIs at the same time. It shows the event and serving BCCH. Investigate this drop call. Handover Failure right before the call dropped is shown on GSM Troubleshooter Navigator State Form. Poor RxLev and poor Quality when call dropped is shown on GSM Line Chart State Form. It can be modified by saving a new screen layout. We’ll first look at the diagnostics panel on the left or table in the top panel where it has a row for each site and lists the failure rates for that site. Stronger neighbor not selected for handover. Protocol Stack Browser provides detail messaging around the event. Note that there was a Handover Failure before the drop. The side panel lists all the critical events occurring in the drive. we will analyze a call drop where the dropped call event will appear on the map. Edition E .1 89 Exercise: Drop Call Analysis In this exercise. Comment [sf8]: This set of views displayed (Screen Layout) can be modified by the user by saving new screen layout. Rx Qual and UE TxPower.

Click on Radio Network Explorer on the top panel to go to the Radio Network dashboard page. it determines the coverage footprint of cells and identifies overshoot against coverage design boundaries.Actix Spotlight UMTS and GSM Training Course for Version 1. click on Radio Network Explorer. The GSM Issues or Important Issues side panel on the Summary Dashboard provides a link to this analysis. Click on a link to go to the corresponding Radio Network analysis section.1 90 Radio Network Analyses Spotlight contains the following Radio Network Analysis: • Coverage and Overspill Analysis (based on Handset and Scanner data) Allows you to perform wide area coverage-based analyses in GSM. Alternatively. Edition E .

you can use this analysis to: • • • Determine the coverage footprint for each cell.Actix Spotlight UMTS and GSM Training Course for Version 1. Visualize where cells are overshooting their coverage design boundary (defined by SC_Overspill_Dist_threshold). BCCH and TCH plans. Visualize where a cell is the best server. • Visualize the neighbor. Using either scanner or handset data.1 91 Cell Coverage Analysis The Cell Coverage Analysis allows you to determine coverage for the cells in their networks. Edition E .

RxLev. overview information is displayed in the side panel.1 92 Radio Network Explorer Interface This consists of the following components: Top Panel Summary information is displayed in the top panel. • Note: Clicking on a row in this table causes the side panel to display more information about the site. When no rows are selected. % > Beam – Percentage of points outside the cell beamwidth. Ensure that you are looking at a statistically sensible number of samples. % >180 Beam – Percentage of points outside a hypothetical beamwidth of 180 degrees. if the difference is greater the 8 dB. RxQual. It includes in tabular form information on the sites. Link Diff – This is the difference between UL and DL pathloss and is used to highlight cell with possible LNA (TMA) issues. Edition E . Note that clicking on the icon only displays the Average value.BTS Sensitivity + BTS Antenna Gain DL = BTS EIRP .Number of samples greater than the coverage design boundary (defined by SL_Overspill_Dist_Threshold). . containing the following information: • • • • • • • BCCH # . where: UL = UE Tx Power .Actix Spotlight UMTS and GSM Training Course for Version 1. (Av. The map zooms to the site and displays its coverage.Number of samples.RxLevSub Poor Ql % and Poor Lv % combined with No Dom % (see Coverage Criteria in page 103 for details). Max. Min). > Dist.

In Where Seen mode. RxLev (and RxQual for best server only). The red circle represents the user-configured coverage design boundary. RxQual can be seen). and data points outside this circle represent overspill.Actix Spotlight UMTS and GSM Training Course for Version 1. the map shows the coverage wedge for the selected cell. Edition E . Side Panel This displays various KPI values for the site selected and a histogram of the distances at which the cell was measured (see the next section for examples). Changing the mode affects the RxLev attribute that is displayed on the map.1 93 Map When a row is clicked in the top panel or a site is clicked on the map. the RxLev whenever the cell was measured is displayed. In Best Server mode the RxLev when the selected cell was the best server is displayed (note that in this mode. Using the Radio Network Explorer The page operates in two modes: Best Server and Where Seen.

which usually indicates interference. Edition E . coverage footprint for only the cells that were best servers in the drive can be visualized. Best Server and Where Seen mode can be selected from the Analysis drop down menu. Sort all information by clicking on the headings of the top panel’s table.1 94 Note: In the where seen mode. In this example.Actix Spotlight UMTS and GSM Training Course for Version 1. the Quality tab of the side panel shows a percentage of Poor RxQual at the same time as Good RxLev.

1 95 The Distance tab shows the distance at which the cell was measured: The Visualization tab highlights co/adjacent channel information on the map: Edition E .Actix Spotlight UMTS and GSM Training Course for Version 1.

1 96 Clicking on a binned data point on the map displays extra Information: You can also use the Area Select button to drag a box around all binned data points for which you want to display Info: Edition E .Actix Spotlight UMTS and GSM Training Course for Version 1.

• Attributes drop down menu Select one or more commonly used attributes to plot on the map • Events drop down menu Select one or more events to plot on the map • Analysis drop down menu Select handset (Best Server or Where Seen) • Show Overview Clicking on this link will display an overview of Grade of Service for the entire drive. where everything is grouped together. there is only one device “All”. Edition E . Note: The coverage footprint for only the cells that were best servers in the drive can be visualized.Actix Spotlight UMTS and GSM Training Course for Version 1. where it was detected anywhere during the drive. Choose the device (handset or scanner) that you would like to look at. Device Analysis Where Seen is where the map will show a different footprint of the sector.1 97 Additional Features These are some additional features available at this interface: • Filters The table on the top panel can be filtered by adding filters through this dialog. not just the strongest signal. Best Server is by selecting the row will select the cell on the map will show the areas on the map where the selected cell has been detected as the strongest cell. applying filter. displaying your selected attributes or events you would like to look at. In this example. You can narrow down your results by choosing which analysis you want to perform.

Edition E . You can also delete your filter by clicking on Remove Filter or Remove All.1 98 Add Filter Create or Add filter or filters to cut down the outcome and bring you closer to your desire result.Actix Spotlight UMTS and GSM Training Course for Version 1.

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Attributes

To help you understand the problem better, you can visualize more attributes by displaying them on the map. Select the attributes you would like to display on the current map from the Attributes drop down list.

Events
You can also view different types of failure events by selecting them from the Events drop down list.

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Miscellaneous Navigation Concepts
• When moving from a Critical Issue to an Important Issue, all diagnostic views will be unloaded, except for those opened by the user - for example: tables, Message Browser, Protocol Stack Browser. • During your analysis, you may have found it necessary to move or remove the existing diagnostic views and to open one or more new views. To get back to the original layout, select Click here to resync views for this investigation. Note that this will not affect any views you opened earlier.

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Exercise: No Dominance
The Summary Dashboard shows a Important Issue: '% area with No Serving Cell Dominance' (See Coverage Criteria on page 103 for details)

Click on the no Serving Cell Dominance link to open the Cell Coverage analysis page.

1. Click on the issue link to open the Cell Coverage analysis page. 2. Note that several rows in the top table have a low sample count, '#', and so are unreliable to use in this investigation. 3. To remove rows with low sample counts, apply a Filter with a threshold of, say, 50 counts. Click Add Filter and OK.

Edition E

Edition E . From the Attribute drop-down menu. and select likely candidate rows. so events might not align with the data points. which provides indications of poorly performing cells relating to the Important Issue. Note: The drive test data is binned according to the selections made in defining the project template earlier. However. as explained in Coverage Criteria on page 103.Actix Spotlight UMTS and GSM Training Course for Version 1. by using the Events drop-down menu) will use the exact position rather than a binned position. 5. Examine the top panel summary information. based on the related Important Issue from the Summary Dashboard (for this example. No Serving Cell Dominance): Important Issue Poor Voice Quality Poor Signal Strength Attribute ServRxQualSub ServRxLevSub The attribute is used in the calculation to identify the issue. any events displayed on the map (for example.1 102 4. select an attribute to plot on the map.

which shows that it covers an unnecessarily large area. The second map image shows RxLev (Where Seen) plotted for the same sector. where n is 0 to 5. The first map image shows the 'NumNeighbors within 5 dB' attribute. Coverage Criteria Condition Top table column or Quality tab 1 Poor Quality. Where none of the above conditions is true. Poor Lv No Dom Criteria Poor Voice Quality Poor Signal Strength No Serving Cell Dominance ServRxQualSub < G_RxQualSub_Max threshold ServRxLevSub < G_RxLevSub_Min threshold If the sum of all these conditions is > 2: ((ServRxLevSub-NborRxLev[n])<5) * (abs(ServBCCH-NborBCCH[n])<375). Good Design G.Actix Spotlight UMTS and GSM Training Course for Version 1. Poor Ql Poor Level. Design % Edition E . This could be corrected by applying some downtilt to the sector. which highlights an area of poor dominance (drawn in red).1 103 In the example below. a problem row has been selected.

In this exercise. Click on the sector to zoom in to that area.1 104 Exercise: GSM Visualization This analysis is used to highlight and investigate interference issues within the cell coverage page. you will select one or two sectors with different analysis radii (change G_Interference_Radius thresholds value) to check out the BCCH Co/adjacent Channel or the TCH Co/adjacent Channel. Select a sector with good RxLev and poor RxQual (Inteference). Quality tab shows the percentage of Good and Poor RxQual and RxLev in the data. Sort by % RxQual 2. Please see Appendix G on how BCCH and TCH Adjacent Cells are defined. the Distance Chart will display a histogram of the distances at which the cell was measured: 1 This is the percentage of data points where one (or more than one) condition applies. Edition E . where you can look at all the Co-Adjacent interfering cells. By clicking on Visualization tab. the Distance Chart will be displayed: By clicking on Distance tab. 1.Actix Spotlight UMTS and GSM Training Course for Version 1.

1 105 The red circle in the map displays the maximum range for the analysis. Orange color is for upper adjacent channel interference. Yellow color is for lower adjacent channel interference/ Red color is for co-adjacent channel interference. as defined in Tools Æ Thresholds Æ Spotlight Æ SL_Overspill_Dist_threshold.Actix Spotlight UMTS and GSM Training Course for Version 1. You can set your G_Interference_Radius threshold at Tools Æ Display Thresholds Æ GSM Æ Cell_Plan_Viewer as below: And set the threshold unit either in KM or Miles at Tools Æ Preferences Æ General Settings Æ Distance Units Edition E .

1 106 Interlude: Using Cellrefs Your trainer will now take you through a separate worksheet on importing. configuring. modifying and using your own cellrefs files suitable for GSM. You will need to have done this before you can proceed to the next section on examining your own data.Actix Spotlight UMTS and GSM Training Course for Version 1. Edition E .

Edition E . and if prior arrangement has been made with the course trainer. This is only available if there is sufficient time. with the aid of the course trainer.1 107 Workshop: Examining Your Own Data (Optional) This is a freeform section of the course in which you analyse your own data samples using Spotlight.Actix Spotlight UMTS and GSM Training Course for Version 1.

Recommended value is -15 dB and should lie between -18 and -10 dB. Default is 5000m. It is important to set your threshold before loading the data because it will affect the analysis. this threshold sets up the level of interference required for pegging the events (based on scanner info). When 4 or more pilots are above this threshold. Spotlight SL_Overspill_Dist_Threshold This threshold is used. Recommended value is -15dB and the minimum and the maximum should be around -18 and -10 dB. if there is no Max_ServerDist information in the cellref and indicates the maximum serving distance (in meters) a cell should serve. diagnosis and display of data in Spotlight. Display Thresholds command.1 108 Appendix A: UMTS Thresholds You can modify threshold values for event detection using the Tools. To modify the value. it creates a pilot pollution event.Actix Spotlight UMTS and GSM Training Course for Version 1. UMTS / Scan_coverage Uu_Scan_PilotPollutionThreshold In calculating Pilot Pollution. Recommended value is -95 dBm and should not be lower than -105 dBm. Uu_Scan_Poor_EcNoThreshold This is used to indicate poor EcIo values from scanner data. Edition E . Uu_Scan_Poor_RSCP_Threshold This is used to indicate poor RSCP values from scanner data. simply click on the associated number and type in the new value.

The default value is 50. when 4 or more pilots (including the best server) are within the threshold value in dB of the best server. The default value is -15 dB. SL_EIRP_Threshold This threshold is the default EIRP. Edition E . The default value is -120 dBm. SL_BTS_Sens_Threshold This threshold is the default BTS receive Sensitivity. The default value is 18. it creates a "too many server" event (based on scanner info). UMTS / Spotlight SL_Ant_Gain_Threshold This threshold is the default Antenna gain. used in the calculation of UL pathloss. SL_BLER_Threshold This threshold is used for determining a UMTS ‘lost DL channel’ condition. SL_MaxTimeBetweenRRC_REQandCallStart This threshold is used for determining UMTS CS calls with excessive setup time. used in the calculation of pathloss.1 109 Uu_Scan_TooManyServersThreshold In calculating "Too Many Servers". The default value is 10 dB. SL_Detectedset_EcIo_Threshold This threshold is used for determining if a detected set member strong enough to be consider as a neighbor. Recommended value is 5 dB and the minimum and the maximum should be around 1 and 10 dB. used in the calculation of DL pathloss.Actix Spotlight UMTS and GSM Training Course for Version 1.4 dB. Recommended value is 6000 ms.

The default value is 5000m. Edition E . The default value is 3000 ms. The default value is 5 dB. SL_RapidPathloss_RSCP_Threshold This threshold is used in Rapid Pathloss detection. SL_UMTS_DT_Troubleshooter_CriticalIssues_Threshold This threshold is used to filter out critical issues from the UMTS dashboard that are equal or less then this value. SL_UMTS_DT_Troubleshooter_ImportantIssues_Threshold This threshold is used to filter out Important issues from the UMTS dashboard that are equal or less then this value. Recommended value is 0. SL_RapidPathloss_Time_window_Threshold This threshold is used to define the window over which Rapid Pathloss is performed. a condition of which is that EcIo has dropped by at least this threshold value within the defined time window.Actix Spotlight UMTS and GSM Training Course for Version 1. The EcIo condition must also be met for Rapid Pathloss to be detected. and only data within this distance from the site is considered for the analysis. SL_Site_Issues_Dist_Threshold This threshold is used in the outside beamwidth analysis. The default value is 5. The RSCP condition must also be met for Rapid Pathloss to be detected. a condition of which is that RSCP has dropped by at least this threshold value within the defined time window. Recommended value is 0.1 110 SL_RapidPathloss_EcIo_Threshold This threshold is used in Rapid Pathloss detection.

If the UeTransmittedPower is greater than Uu_HighUE_TxPower AND the CPICH_RSCP_in_ActiveSet is greater than Uu_Poor_RSCP_Threshold AND the CPICH_EcNo_in_ActiveSet is greater than Uu_Poor_EcNoThreshold. Uu_EcNoInterferenceThreshold This is used in conjunction with the RSCP Interference Threshold for the System Interference event. Values should lie between -10 and 18 dBm. Recommended value is -15 dB. If the CPICH_RSCP_in_ActiveSet is greater than Uu_RSCP_Interference_Threshold and the CPICH_EcNo_In_ActiveSet is less than Uu_EcNoInterferenceThreshold.1 111 UMTS / UE_Coverage Uu_CoverageLimitedUE_TxPowerThreshold This is used in the Coverage Limited event. Uu_HighUE_TxPower This is used in the Poor Uplink Coverage event. then Poor Uplink Coverage will appear on the map. then a Coverage Limited event will appear on the map. then the Poor Downlink Coverage event will appear on Edition E . then a System Interference event appears on the map. If the UeTransmittedPower is greater than Uu_CoverageLimitedUE_TxPowerThreshold AND the CPICH_RSCP_in_ActiveSet is less than Uu_Poor_RSCP_Threshold AND the CPICH_EcNo_in_ActiveSet is less than Uu_Poor_EcNoThreshold. If the UeTransmittedPower is less than Uu_LowUE_TxPower AND the CPICH_RSCP_in_ActiveSet is less than Uu_Poor_RSCP_Threshold AND the CPICH_EcNo_in_ActiveSet is less than Uu_PoorEcNoThreshold. Uu_LowUE_TxPower This is used in the Poor Downlink Coverage event.Actix Spotlight UMTS and GSM Training Course for Version 1. Recommended value is 10 dBm. The minimum should not be lower than 0 and the maximum should not be higher than 25 dBm. Values should lie between 0 and 25 dBm. Recommended value is 15 dBm.

Recommended value is -15 dBm.Actix Spotlight UMTS and GSM Training Course for Version 1. it creates a Pilot Pollution event. Recommended value is -95 dBm and should not be lower than -105 dBm. Uu_RSCP_InterferenceThreshold This is used for the System Interference event. If the CPICH_EcNo_in_ActiveSet is less than Uu_PoorEcNOThreshold AND CPICH_RSCP_in_ActiveSet is less than Uu_Poor_RSCP_Threshold AND Ue_TransmittedPower is greater than Uu_CoverageLimitedUE_TxPowerThreshold. it will trigger a Poor Uplink Coverage event. this threshold sets up the level of interference required for pegging the events. then a Coverage Limited event will appear on the map. Uu_Poor_EcNoThreshold This is used in the Coverage Limited event. It is also used in the Poor Uplink and Downlink Coverage event. Uu_PilotPollutionThreshold In calculating Pilot Pollution. When 4 or more pilots are above this threshold. Values should lie between -30 and 0 dBm.1 112 the map. In the cases where CPICH_RSCP_in_ActiveSet is lower than Uu_Poor_RSCP_Threshold. Recommended value is -15 dB and should lie between -18 and -10 dB. If the CPICH_RSCP_in_ActiveSet is greater than this threshold and the CPICH_EcNo_in_ActiveSet is less than Edition E . In the case where it is greater than Uu_Poor_RSCP_Threshold. it will trigger either a Coverage Limited event or a Poor Downlink Coverage event. Uu_Poor_RSCP_Threshold This is used in three different events. Recommended value is -15 dB and should lie between -18 and -10 dB. Other conditions must be satisfied for these events to occur please note the other thresholds involved.

it creates a "too many server" event (based on scanner info). Recommended value is 5 dB and the minimum and the maximum should be around 1 and 10 dB. then a System Interference event appears on the map. when 4 or more pilots (including the best server) are within the threshold value in dB of the best server. Recommended value is -80 dBm and should lie between -90 and -60 dBm. Uu_TooManyServersThreshold In calculating "Too Many Servers".Actix Spotlight UMTS and GSM Training Course for Version 1.1 113 Uu_Poor_EcNoThreshold. Edition E .

if the strongest signal is -4 dBm.2 Minimum Samples 50 UMTS Threshold Type Edition E . or EcIo and RSCP.1 114 Appendix B: Data settings for UMTS Neighbor Analyses Setting Default value 5 Description Reporting Range (dB) For each data point. Defines the minimum percentage of samples that cells in the current neighbor list must achieve in order to be recommended for retention in the list. Addition Threshold (%) 1 Removal Threshold (%) 0. Note that the algorithm works off Binned data. the algorithm creates a candidate list that includes those SCs within the Reporting Range value of the strongest signal. For example. the default value of 5 dB would include in the candidate list all weaker SCs with signal strengths down to -9 dBm. Defines the percentage of samples that must be reached to trigger a cell being added as a suggested neighbor. This is used to reduce the effect of stray signals. select EcIo. Used for 3G-2G Neighbor Analysis. cells will be recommended for removal from the list. When the percentages of samples fall below this threshold. Depending on which measurement your network uses for determining when to hand over. EcIo or RSCP. RSCP.Actix Spotlight UMTS and GSM Training Course for Version 1. Only sectors which have been measured above the Ec/Io Threshold at least this many times will be included in the analysis.

use a higher value. For rural areas where the average intersite distance is naturally greater than a dense urban environment. Edition E . To disable this feature.1 115 Setting Default value 5000 Description Maximum Intersite Distance (meters) Defines the maximum line-of-sight distance in meters between two cells for one to be considered for inclusion on the other's neighbor list.Actix Spotlight UMTS and GSM Training Course for Version 1. set this value to 0.

and are also within the Maximum Intersite Distance (the blue circle). In this example. This threshold ensures that missing neighbors are not suggested from reflected signals or back-lobes. De-select this option if you want to analyze the neighbor list of all of the cells within the reporting range. set this value to 0.1 116 Setting Default value 90 Description Angle to site threshold (degrees) Defines the maximum angle between the edge of a cell's beam width and the data point. Acceptable data points are within this threshold of the candidate sector's beam width. To disable this feature.Actix Spotlight UMTS and GSM Training Course for Version 1. and also that only cells angled towards the data point are suggested. the beam width is shown as a darker blue arc. and the angle to site threshold in lighter blue arcs on either side. Edition E . for that cell to be considered for inclusion in the serving cell's neighbor list. Only process first best SC Select ed Select this option to analyze the neighbors of the best cell only.

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Setting

Default value 15

Description

Maximum Size

Defines the maximum number of candidates in the candidate list. Used for 3G Neighbor Analysis. Select this option for the current neighbor list in the cellrefs file to be considered for additions and removals. Used for 3G-2G Neighbor Analysis. A neighboring cell must have an EcIo of less than or equal to this value to be included on the potential neighbor list. Used for 3G-2G Neighbor Analysis. A neighboring cell must have an RSCP of less than or equal to this value to be included on the potential neighbor list.

Include existing neighbors EcIo Threshold (dB) RSCP Threshold (dBm)

Select ed

0

-100

Once a potential neighbor list has been calculated for each data point, they are aggregated by serving cell to produce the recommended neighbor list. This is compared with the existing list to calculate which are additions, retentions and removals.

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Appendix C: UMTS Event Diagnoses

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Edition E

Handover Problem Multiple Active Set update messages are received and a particular SC is not added to the Active Set. For the Raked RF Condition. Interference Problem CPICH_EcNo_in_ActiveSet < Uu_EcNoInterferenceThreshold (-15 dB) AND CPICH_RSCP_in_ActiveSet > Uu_RSCP_InterferenceThreshold (-80 dBm). the system picks the diagnosis with the highest value.1 120 Dropped Calls Diagnosis System Released Condition and notes When the cause code is Not Normal (0-31. 42) in either the NAS message or the RRC message. providing it is higher than the specified threshold: Pilot Pollution 4+ pilots in Active or Monitored Set with Ec/No > Uu_PilotPollutionThreshold (-15 dB).Actix Spotlight UMTS and GSM Training Course for Version 1. Missing Neighbor SC in Active Set after event < > SCs in Active Set and Neighbor list before event. Pilot Pollution: Too Many Servers 4+ pilots in the Active or Monitored Set with Ec/No within Uu_TooManyServersThreshold dB of the best server (Uu_ActiveSet_EcNo_0). Edition E .

Poor UL Coverage Problem CPICH_EcNo_in_ActiveSet > Uu_Poor_EcNoThreshold (15 dB) AND CPICH_RSCP_in_ActiveSet > Uu_Poor_RSCP_Threshold (-95 dBm) AND UeTransmittedPower > Uu_HighUE_TxPower (15 dBm).1 121 Dropped Calls Diagnosis Coverage Limitation Problem Condition and notes CPICH_EcNo_in_ActiveSet < Uu_Poor_EcNoThreshold (15 dB) AND CPICH_RSCP_in_ActiveSet < Uu_Poor_RSCP_Threshold (-95 dBm) AND UeTransmittedPower > Uu_CoverageLimitedUE_TxPowerThreshold (10 dBm).Actix Spotlight UMTS and GSM Training Course for Version 1. Poor DL Coverage Problem CPICH_EcNo_in_ActiveSet < Uu_PoorEcNoThreshold (-15 dB) AND CPICH_RSCP_in_ActiveSet < Uu_Poor_RSCP_Threshold (-95 dBm) AND UeTransmittedPower < Uu_LowUE_TxPower (-15 dBm). Lost DL Channel Over 5-seconds. Edition E . Investigate Further (unknown diagnosis) More investigation is needed. Use other tools and views to refine your understanding of the problem. on average. Uu_Trch_DownlinkBLERAGG > SL_BLER_Threshold.

Actix Spotlight UMTS and GSM Training Course for Version 1.1 122 Edition E .

Pilot Pollution: Too Many Servers 4+ pilots in the Active or Monitored Set with Ec/No within Uu_TooManyServersThreshold dB of the best server (Uu_ActiveSet_EcNo_0). providing it is higher than the specified threshold: Pilot Pollution 4+ pilots in Active or Monitored Set with Ec/No > Uu_PilotPollutionThreshold (-15 dB).1 123 Note that the window size used to evaluate the condition is the period from 5 seconds before the drop. A CM Service Abort / Reject message was received. Condition and notes When an RRC message contains an RRC Reject. Missing Neighbor SC in Active Set after event < > SCs in Active Set and Neighbor list before event. the system picks the diagnosis with the highest value.Actix Spotlight UMTS and GSM Training Course for Version 1. 42) in either the NAS message or the RRC message. For the Raked RF Condition. Handover Problem Multiple Active Set update messages are received and a particular SC is not added to the Active Set. up to the drop itself. Call Setup Failure Diagnosis System Rejected / RRC Failure CM Service Abort/Reject System Released When the cause code is Not Normal (0-31. Edition E .

1 124 Call Setup Failure Diagnosis Condition and notes Interference Problem CPICH_EcNo_in_ActiveSet < Uu_EcNoInterferenceThreshold (-15 dB) AND CPICH_RSCP_in_ActiveSet > Uu_RSCP_InterferenceThreshold (-80 dBm). Poor DL Coverage Problem CPICH_EcNo_in_ActiveSet < Uu_PoorEcNoThreshold (-15 dB) AND CPICH_RSCP_in_ActiveSet < Uu_Poor_RSCP_Threshold (-95 dBm) AND UeTransmittedPower < Uu_LowUE_TxPower (-15 dBm). Lost DL Channel Over 5-seconds. Edition E . Uu_Trch_DownlinkBLERAGG > SL_BLER_Threshold.Actix Spotlight UMTS and GSM Training Course for Version 1. Poor UL Coverage Problem CPICH_EcNo_in_ActiveSet > Uu_Poor_EcNoThreshold (15 dB) AND CPICH_RSCP_in_ActiveSet > Uu_Poor_RSCP_Threshold (-95 dBm) AND UeTransmittedPower > Uu_HighUE_TxPower (15 dBm). Limited Coverage Problem CPICH_EcNo_in_ActiveSet < Uu_Poor_EcNoThreshold (15 dB) AND CPICH_RSCP_in_ActiveSet < Uu_Poor_RSCP_Threshold (-95 dBm) AND UeTransmittedPower > Uu_CoverageLimitedUE_TxPowerThreshold (10 dBm). on average.

Actix Spotlight UMTS and GSM Training Course for Version 1. Edition E .1 125 Call Setup Failure Diagnosis Investigate Further (unknown diagnosis) Condition and notes Use other tools and views to refine your understanding of the problem.

Actix Spotlight UMTS and GSM Training Course for Version 1.1 126 Edition E .

Actix Spotlight UMTS and GSM Training Course for Version 1. the system picks the diagnosis with the highest value. providing it is higher than the specified threshold: Pilot Pollution 4+ pilots in Active or Monitored Set with Ec/No > Uu_PilotPollutionThreshold (-15 dB) Interference Problem CPICH_EcNo_in_ActiveSet < Uu_EcNoInterferenceThreshold (-15 dB) AND CPICH_RSCP_in_ActiveSet > Uu_RSCP_InterferenceThreshold (-80 dBm) Limited Coverage Problem CPICH_EcNo_in_ActiveSet < Uu_Poor_EcNoThreshold (15 dB) AND CPICH_RSCP_in_ActiveSet < Uu_Poor_RSCP_Threshold (-95 dBm) AND UeTransmittedPower > Uu_CoverageLimitedUE_TxPowerThreshold (10 dBm) Edition E . up to the drop itself. Excessive Calls Diagnosis Condition and notes Multiple RRC attempts More than 1 RRC attempt. For the Coverage Issue Condition.1 127 Note that the window size used to evaluate the condition is the period from 5 seconds before the drop.

Actix Spotlight UMTS and GSM Training Course for Version 1. Use other tools and views to refine your understanding of the problem.1 128 Excessive Calls Diagnosis Poor DL Coverage Problem Condition and notes CPICH_EcNo_in_ActiveSet < Uu_Poor_EcNoThreshold (15 dB) AND CPICH_RSCP_in_ActiveSet < Uu_Poor_RSCP_Threshold (-95 dBm) AND UeTransmittedPower > Uu_CoverageLimitedUE_TxPowerThreshold (10 dBm) Poor UL Coverage Problem CPICH_EcNo_in_ActiveSet > Uu_Poor_EcNoThreshold (15 dB) AND CPICH_RSCP_in_ActiveSet > Uu_Poor_RSCP_Threshold (-95 dBm) AND UeTransmittedPower > Uu_HighUE_TxPower (15 dBm) High RAB Activation Time Uu_RRC_RadioBearerSetup_r3_IEs_activationTime_0 > 229 (part of the RadioBearerSetup message) Investigate Further (unknown diagnosis) More investigation needed. Edition E .

Once a loss of dominance is triggered. The default value is 10000 ms. and indicates the maximum serving distance (in meters) a cell should serve. and not re-established before the Dragged_HO_Window timer expires. To modify the value. then any subsequent Handover Failure or Dropped Call will trigger the Dragged Handover Failure or Dragged Drop. GSM / Advanced_Handover_Analysis Dragged_Dominance_Hysteresis This threshold is the dBm hysteresis applied to the Best Neighbor Level to trigger a loss of dominance of the server. Dragged_HO_Window This threshold is the number of milliseconds that the MS must lose dominance for. simply click on the associated number and type in the new value. before a Dragged Handover Failure or Dragged Dropped Call is triggered. Default is 5000m. Edition E . Dominance loss = ServRxLevSub < (Best_Nbr Hysteresis).1 129 Appendix D: GSM Thresholds You can modify threshold values for event detection using the Tools. diagnosis and display of data in Spotlight. It is important to set your threshold before loading the data because it will affect the analysis. The default value is 5 dBm.Actix Spotlight UMTS and GSM Training Course for Version 1. Display Thresholds command. Spotlight SL_Overspill_Dist_Threshold This threshold is used if there is no Max_ServerDist information in the cellref file.

GSM / Analysis G_Distance_Max This threshold is used to determine the maximum distance allowed per cell.Actix Spotlight UMTS and GSM Training Course for Version 1. G_Handover_Min This threshold is used in conjunction with handover to determine the minimum possible signal difference for handover to take place. Any signal below this threshold is categorized as poor coverage. Recommended values are 5-6 dB. This value is usually set to 0 to indicate maximum uplink power. G_MsTxPowStepOrdered_Min This threshold is used in conjunction with the signal strength to determine incorrect uplink power balance. G_Prolong_Interf_timer This threshold is used in conjunction with the signal strength and signal quality to determine prolong interference – that is.1 130 Ping_Pong_HO_Window This threshold is the number of milliseconds during which a handover back to the previous cell will trigger the Ping Pong Handover Event. The default value is 6000 ms. G_RxLevSub_Min This threshold is used to determine the minimum acceptable value for signal strength. values in excess of 8000 meters are usually regarded as distant serving cells. Typically. Edition E . good signal strength but bad quality in this time window will cause a prolong interference event. Recommended value: -95 dBm.

GSM / Cell_Plan_Viewer G_Interference_Radius This value is used to define a radius of analysis about a selected sector for coadjacent interference and neighbors visualizations in the Cell Plan Viewer. G_TimingAdvance_Max This threshold is used in absence of the Distance parameter to determine the maximum distance allowed per cell.Actix Spotlight UMTS and GSM Training Course for Version 1. in the Channel Overlap analysis in the GSM Cell Plan Viewer. General Settings. for example. G_ScanSortSigLevel_Min This value is used in relation to the scanner signal level. Distance Units. Typically. Typically.1 131 G_RxQualSub_Max This threshold is used in conjunction with the signal strength to determine whether there is interference present on the cell. You can set the units to be used (either miles or kilometers) in Preferences. Default is 3000 ms. values over 16 (that is. GSM / Events G_Timeout_ChannelRequest This value is used to determine the time (in ms) the system will wait for RR Channel Request messages to be answered before registering a Call Setup Failure. approximately 8 km) are usually regarded as distant serving cells. Edition E . values in excess of 3 with good signal strength usually indicate the presence of interference.

Edition E . used in the calculation of UL pathloss. SL_GSM_High_TX_Power_Threshold This threshold is used for determining a ‘High TX’ condition. used in the calculation of DL pathloss.4 dB. SL_GSM_RapidPathloss_RxQual_Threshold This threshold is used in Rapid Pathloss detection. a condition of which is that RxLev has dropped by at least this threshold value within the defined time window. The default value is 5 dB. The default value is 2. The default value is -120 dBm. The RxLev condition must also be met for Rapid Pathloss to be detected. used in the calculation of pathloss. The default value is 55. SL_GSM_EIRP_Threshold This threshold is the default EIRP. SL_GSM_RapidPathloss_RxLev_Threshold This threshold is used in Rapid Pathloss detection.Actix Spotlight UMTS and GSM Training Course for Version 1.1 132 GSM / Spotlight SL_GSM_Ant_Gain_Threshold This threshold is the default Antenna gain. The default value is 18. SL_GSM_BTS_Sens_Threshold This threshold is the default BTS receive sensitivity. The default value is 30. a condition of which is that RxQual has dropped by at least this threshold value within the defined time window. The RxQual condition must also be met for Rapid Pathloss to be detected.

Values less than 5000 ms will tend to be more accurate. it will be Edition E . Typically.Actix Spotlight UMTS and GSM Training Course for Version 1. G_Analysis_Time_Before This value is used to determine the time (in ms) allocated to investigate the radio conditions PRIOR to the detected event occurrence. The default value is 3000 ms. but fewer attributes will be detected. values of 5000 to 10000 ms are used. but less attributes will be detected. but with relatively low accuracy since the time under analysis is large. G_CallDropRate This threshold is used to determine the criterion for KPI acceptance in the repository views. If the resulting KPI is equal to or less than this value. Typically. GSM / Troubleshooter G_Analysis_Time_After This value is used to determine the time (in ms) allocated to investigate the radio conditions AFTER the detected event occurrence. while values in excess of 10000 ms tend to have a high detection of attributes. Values less than 5000 ms will tend to be more accurate. while values in excess of 10000 ms tend to detect a large number of attributes. and only data within this distance from the site is considered for the analysis.1 133 SL_GSM_RapidPathloss_Time_window_Threshold This threshold is used to define the window over which Rapid Pathloss is performed. The Call Drop Rate should not exceed 2% of all successful calls in the busy hour. SL_GSM_Site_Issues_Dist_Threshold This threshold is used in the ‘outside beamwidth’ analysis. but with relatively low accuracy since the time under analysis is large. The default value is 5000m. values of 5000 to 10000 ms are used.

If the resulting KPI is equal or in excess to this value. it will be flagged as failed and will show up as a red cross in the KPI table. it will be flagged as accepted and will show up as a green tick mark in the KPI table. If it is higher than this value. The Overall Success Rate should be in excess of 98% for most Edition E . If it is less than this value. The Handover Success Rate should be in excess of 98% for most GSM networks in the busy hour. If it is less than this value. If it is less than this value. G_CallSetupSuccessRate This threshold is used to determine the criterion for KPI acceptance in the repository views. it will be flagged as failed and will show up as a red cross in the KPI table. The Call Setup Success Rate should be in excess of 98% for most GSM networks in the busy hour. it will be flagged as failed and will show up as a red cross in the KPI table. it will be flagged as accepted and will show up as a green tick mark in the KPI table. it will be flagged as failed and will show up as a red cross in the KPI table. G_HandoverSuccessRate This threshold is used to determine the criterion for KPI acceptance in the repository views. G_OverAllSuccessRate This threshold is used to determine the criterion for KPI acceptance in the repository views.Actix Spotlight UMTS and GSM Training Course for Version 1. If the resulting KPI is equal or in excess to this value. If the resulting KPI is equal to or in excess of this value. G_LocationUpdateSuccessRate This threshold is used to determine the criterion for KPI acceptance in the repository views.1 134 flagged as accepted and will show up as a green tick mark in the KPI table. The Location Update Success Rate should be in excess of 98% for most GSM networks in the busy hour. it will be flagged as accepted and will show up as a green tick mark in the KPI table.

If it is less than this value. it will be flagged as failed and will show up as a red cross in the KPI table.1 135 GSM networks in the busy hour.Actix Spotlight UMTS and GSM Training Course for Version 1. it will be flagged as accepted and will show up as a green tick mark in the KPI table. Edition E . If the resulting KPI is equal or in excess to this value.

1 136 Appendix E: Data settings for GSM 2G Neighbor Analysis Setting Default value -95 Description RxLev Threshold (dBm) Reporting Range (dB) The RxLev of the serving cell must be better than this value before the cell will be considered in the analysis. The RxLev of the serving cell must be no further than this from the RxLev Threshold before the cell will be considered in the analysis. When the percentages of samples fall below this threshold. Defines the maximum line-of-sight distance in meters between two cells for one to be considered for inclusion on the other's neighbor list.Actix Spotlight UMTS and GSM Training Course for Version 1. Defines the minimum percentage of samples that cells in the current neighbor list must achieve in order to be recommended for retention in the list. This is used to reduce the effect of stray signals. cells will be recommended for removal from the list.2 Minimum Samples 50 Maximum Intersite Distance (meters) 5000 Edition E . Only sectors which have been measured above the Ec/Io Threshold at least this many times will be included in the analysis. To disable this feature. For rural areas where the average intersite distance is naturally greater than a dense urban environment. 5 Addition Threshold (%) 1 Removal Threshold (%) 0. Note that the algorithm works off Binned data. use a higher value. set this value to 0. Defines the percentage of samples that must be reached to trigger a cell being added as a suggested neighbor.

To disable this feature.Actix Spotlight UMTS and GSM Training Course for Version 1. set this value to 0. Only process first best ARFCN Selected Select this option to analyze the neighbors of the best cell only. Acceptable data points are within this threshold of the candidate sector's beam width.1 137 Setting Default value 90 Description Angle to site threshold (degrees) Defines the maximum angle between the edge of a cell's beam width and the data point. In this example. This threshold ensures that missing neighbors are not suggested from reflected signals or backlobes. and also that only cells angled towards the data point are suggested. De-select this option if you want to analyze the neighbor list of all of the cells meeting the other criteria. and the angle to site threshold in lighter blue arcs on either side. the beam width is shown as a darker blue arc. Edition E . and are also within the Maximum Intersite Distance (the blue circle). for that cell to be considered for inclusion in the serving cell's neighbor list.

1 138 Setting Default value 32 Description Maximum Neighbor List Size Defines the maximum number of recommended neighbors. they are aggregated by serving cell to produce the recommended neighbor list.Actix Spotlight UMTS and GSM Training Course for Version 1. Edition E . conceivably resulting in a dropped call. Note that the higher the number of potential neighbors. Once a potential neighbor list has been calculated for each data point. retentions and removals. the longer it will take for a handset to find appropriate neighbors. This is compared with the existing list to calculate which are additions.

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Appendix F: GSM Diagnosis

Edition E

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Call Setup Failure Diagnosis RR Failed Condition and notes An RR Channel Request is not followed by an RR Immediate Assignment with matching establishment cause and random reference within the time period specified by the G_Timeout_ChannelRequest threshold. An Immediate Reject message was received. • Another RR Channel Request with the same establishment cause and random reference occurs more than 200 milliseconds after the RR Immediate Assignment and before the call setup is complete. Another RR Channel Request with a different establishment cause or random reference occurs at any time after the RR Immediate Assignment and before the call setup is complete.

Immediate Reject Another Call Started

CM Service Abort / Reject System Released Poor Coverage Interference Other

A CM Service Abort / Reject message was received. When the cause code is Not Normal (0-31, 42) in either the NAS message or the RR Channel Release message. If ServRxLevSub < G_RxLevSub_Min. If ServRxQualSub > G_RxQualSub_Max. More investigation is needed. Use other tools and views to refine your understanding of the problem.

Edition E

1 142 Edition E .Actix Spotlight UMTS and GSM Training Course for Version 1.

If ServRxLevSub < G_RxLevSub_Min. LU Reject Poor Coverage Interference System Released A Location Update Failure message was received. When the cause code is Not Normal (0-31. • Another RR Channel Request with the same establishment cause and random reference occurs more than 200 milliseconds after the RR Immediate Assignment and before the call setup is complete.1 143 Location Update Failure Diagnosis RR Failed Condition and notes An RR Channel Request is not followed by an RR Immediate Assignment with matching establishment cause and random reference within the time period specified by the G_Timeout_ChannelRequest threshold. If ServRxQualSub > G_RxQualSub_Max. Use other tools and views to refine your understanding of the problem. • Another RR Channel Request with a different establishment cause or random reference occurs at any time after the RR Immediate Assignment and before the call setup is complete. Immediate Reject Another Call Started An Immediate Reject message was received. Edition E .Actix Spotlight UMTS and GSM Training Course for Version 1. Other More investigation is needed. 42) in either the NAS message or the RR Channel Release message.

1 144 Edition E .Actix Spotlight UMTS and GSM Training Course for Version 1.

Missing Neighbor Scanner: If one of the top 6 BCH is not in the BA list before the drop. Handset: If after the drop. If ServRxQualSub > G_RxQualSub_Max. See GSM Dragged Handovers. BCH is not in the BA list. System Released Handover Problem Poor Coverage Interference Other Edition E .1 145 Dropped Calls Diagnosis Condition and notes When the cause code is Not Normal (0-31. If ServRxLevSub < G_RxLevSub_Min. but was before the drop. Use other tools and views to refine your understanding of the problem.Actix Spotlight UMTS and GSM Training Course for Version 1. If stronger neighbors than the serving cell for a period. 42) in either the NAS message or the RR Channel Release message. More investigation is needed.

CauseCodeRR = 8 Handover Failure message. CauseCodeRR = 9 Handover Failure message. For example: Diagnosis Handover Impossible (TA out of Range) Channel mode unacceptable Frequency not implemented Condition and notes Handover Failure message.Actix Spotlight UMTS and GSM Training Course for Version 1. CauseCodeRR = 10 Edition E .1 146 Handover Failure Diagnosis The diagnosis for Handover Failure is derived directly from the CauseCodeRR value.

The units for this threshold can be in either Kilometers or Miles. if otherTCH[j]==g_BCCH ⇒ Co-interference. as set in Tools Æ Preferences Æ General Settings Æ Distance Units. check if otherTCH[j]==g_BCCH-1 ⇒ Adjacent lower. Select a site with BCCH g_bcch. upper/lower adjacent channel interference: If the site has the same BCCH (otherBCCH==g_BCCH) ⇒ Co-interference. For each feature. the user needs to set the thresholds G_Interference_Radius or use the default threshold of 10 units. For all the possible related TCHs. check if otherTCH[j]==g_BCCH+1 ⇒ Adjacent upper. If the site has upper adjacent BCCH (otherBCCH==g_BCCH+1) ⇒ Adjacent upper. Edition E .Actix Spotlight UMTS and GSM Training Course for Version 1. Inside the analysis radius. For all the possible related TCHs. If the site has lower adjacent BCCH (otherBCCH==g_BCCH-1) ⇒ Adjacent lower. For all the possible related TCHs. trigger the analysis for any site with co-channel interference. BCCHColourAdjacentCells() Define an analysis radius within which this visualization is to occur.1 147 Appendix G: GSM Visualization There are two network visualization features implemented in this page. to determine the analysis radius around the selected site.

In the example below.Actix Spotlight UMTS and GSM Training Course for Version 1. if the other cell has 4 channels. Then %Interference is equal to 2/(4+1) = 40%. the sequence of steps is very important: the first satisfied condition decides the color of the site in analysis. Sector BSIC %Interference #InterferedChannels Channel. contain information on the sites that neighbor the selected site: Distance from the selected site SiteName. All site information is stored in three structures. one for the co-channel interference. and the selected cell BCCH is equal to one of the other cell TCHs. one for the adj/low channel interference and one for the adj/upp channel interference. Edition E . The colors used are: red for co-channel interference orange for upper adjacent channel interference yellow for lower adjacent channel interference. the number of channels in common is equal to 2. Three tables. 1 BCCH and 3 TCHs. %Interference is calculated as the ratio between the number of channels in common and the sum of all the channels.1 148 As each site can only have one color. sorted by distance from the selected site.

if otherTCH[j]==g_TCHi ⇒ Co-interference. The Channel field gives the type and the number of the channel that gives interference. BCCHColourAdjacentCells. check if otherTCH[j]==g_TCHi -1 ⇒ Adjacent lower. As in BCCHColourAdjacentCells(). we trigger the analysis to any site for co-channel interference. check if otherTCH[j]==g_TCHi +1 ⇒ Adjacent upper. For all the possible related TCHs. upper/lower adjacent channel interference: for all the g_TCHi If the site has same BCCH (otherBCCH== g_TCHi) ⇒ Co-interference.Actix Spotlight UMTS and GSM Training Course for Version 1. TCHColourAdjacentCells() Define an analysis radius within which this visualization is to occur. and so the sequence of steps is very important: the first satisfied condition decides the Edition E . #InterferedChannels is equal to 1. For all the possible related TCHs. i.e. If the site has upper adjacent BCCH (otherBCCH==g_TCHi +1) ⇒ Adjacent upper. For all the possible related TCHs.1 149 In this case. each site can only have one color. Inside the analysis radius. BCCH 740. Select a site with TCHs stored in g_tch. If the site has lower adjacent BCCH (otherBCCH==g_TCHi -1) ⇒ Adjacent lower.

In the example below. one for the co-channel interference. and the selected cell has 2 TCHs that are equal to the other cell’s BCCH and to one of the other cell’s TCHs. contain information on the sites that neighbor the selected site: Distance from the selected site SiteName. %Interference is calculated as ratio between the number of channels in common and the sum of all the channels. All site information is stored in three structures. Three tables. 1 BCCH and 3 TCHs. one for the adj/low channel interference and one for the adj/upp channel interference.Actix Spotlight UMTS and GSM Training Course for Version 1.1 150 color of the site in analysis. and %Interference is equal to 4/(4+2). if the other cell has 4 channels. Sector BSIC %Interference #InterferedChannels Channels. then the number of channels in common is equal to 4. Edition E . The colors used are: red for co-channel interference orange for upper adjacent channel interference yellow for lower adjacent channel interference. sorted by distance from the selected site.

Actix Spotlight UMTS and GSM Training Course for Version 1. Edition E . #InterferedChannels is equal to 2.1 151 In this case. BCCH 740. i.e. TCH 570. The Channels field gives the type and the number of the channels that give interference. TCH 571.

Actix Spotlight UMTS and GSM Training Course for Version 1. and report any problem concerning Spotlight. Edition E . logon to our Extranet: MyActix. self-study modules. you can download the latest Actix Software. After you’ve register yourself.1 152 MyActix and Support For more information regarding Spotlight.