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CODE STUDY ON CORPORATE BUILDING DESIGN
A Code Study on Designing a Corporate Building Located in Makati Central Business Park
Prepared by: Palevino, Marinet O. BS Architecture 4A Submitted to: Architect Dealca, Ramon E. Professor
CODE STUDY ON CORPORATE BUILDING DESIGN
Batas Pambansa Blg. 344 – An Act to Enhance the Mobility of Disabled Persons by Requiring Certain Buildings, Institutions, Establishments and Public Utilities to install Facilities and Other Devices IRR of BP 344
4.1.1 Building and related structures to be constructed a). At the space where the primary function is served and where facilities and ingress/egress of the building or structure are located, as to make such space accessible to the disabled persons; provided, however, that where the primary function can be served at the ingress level and where such level is provided with facilities, requirements for accessibility at other levels may be waived. c). Ingress/egress from the street to the building or structure shall be made accessible. d). Accessible slots in parking areas shall be located as near as possible to ingress/egress spaces of the building or structure. RULE II – MINIMUM REQUIREMENTS FOR ACCESSIBILITY 1.2.3 In determining the minimum dimensions for furniture and fixtures accessible to disabled persons, the following anthropometrics data shall serve as guides for design: The length of wheelchairs varies from 1.10 m to 1.30 m . The width of wheelchairs is from 0.60 m to 0.75 m. A circle of 1.50 m in diameter is a suitable guide in the planning of wheelchair turning spaces. The comfortable reach of persons confined to wheelchairs is from 0.70 m to 1.20 m above the floor and not less than 0.40 m from room corners. The comfortable clearance for knee and leg space under tables for wheelchair users is 0.70 m. 1.3 BASIC PHYSICAL PLANNING REQUIREMENTS 1.3.1 ACCESSIBILITY. The built environment shall be designed so that it shall be accessible to all people. This means that no criteria shall impede the use of facilities by either the handicapped or nondisabled citizens. 1.3.2 REACHABILITY. Provisions shall be adapted and introduced to the physical environment so that as many places or buildings as possible can be reached by all. 1.3.3 USABILITY. The built environment shall be designed so that all persons, whether they be disabled or not, may use and enjoy it. 1.3.4 ORIENTATION. Finding a personâ€™s way inside and outside of a building or open space shall be made easy for everyone. 1.3.5 SAFETY. Designing for safety insures that people shall be able to move about with less hazards to life and health. 1.3.6 WORK ABILITY AND EFFICIENCY. The built environment shall be designed to allow the disabled citizens to participate and contribute to developmental goals 2. ARCHITECTURAL FEATURES AND FACILITIES 2.1 Architectural facilities and features: 2.1.1 A – Stairs 2.1.7 G – Ramps 2.1.12 L – Floor Finishes 2.1.2 B – Walkways 2.1.8 H – Parking Areas 2.1.13 M – Drinking Fountains 2.1.3 C – Corridors 2.1.9 I – Switches, Controls, 2.1.14 N – Public Telephones 2.1.4 D – Doors and Entrance Buzzers 2.1.15 O – Seating 2.1.5 E – Washrooms and Toilets 2.1.10 J – Handrails Accommodations 2.1.6 F – Lifts/Elevator 2.1.11 K – Thresholds 4. Category II The following requirement shall apply to both government and privately owned buildings. 4.1 Group B 4.1.1 Accessories, tenement houses and/or row houses, apartment houses and/or town houses. One (1) unit for every 50 units up to 150 units and an additional unit for every 100 units thereafter. Barrier-free facilities and features required in: A, B, C, D, E, G, H, I, J, K, and L.
PALEVINO, Marinet O. BS Ar. 4A
CODE STUDY ON CORPORATE BUILDING DESIGN
4.1.2 Hotels, motels, inns, pension houses and/or apartels. One (1) unit per every 50 units up to 150 units and additional unit for every 100 units at ingress level. In case there is no barrier-free elevators: at least one (1) unit shall be provided at ingress level. Barrier-free facilities and features required in: A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H, I, J, K, L, M, and N. 4.4.4 Office buildings Barrier-free facilities and features required in A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H, I, J, K, L, and N. 7. STANDARD OF ACCESSIBILITY FOR SPECIAL TYPE OF FACILITIES a) Seating for the disabled shall be accessible from the main lobby to primary entrances, together with related toilet facilities. b) In all assembly places where seating accommodation is provided, there shall be spaces for the disabled persons as provided. Seating Capacity Wheelchair Seating Space c) When the seating capacity exceeds 500 an additional wheelchair seating space shall be provided for each total seating capacity increase of 100 seats. d) Readily removable seats may be installed in these spaces when such spaces are not required to accommodate wheelchair users. 8. COMPUTATION OF ACCESSIBLE UNITS In the computation for the allocation of accessible units and seating capacity decimal greater than 0.5 shall be considered as one unit. In all cases a minimum of one (1) accessible unit shall be provided. 9. APPLICATION OF BARRIER-FREE FACILITIES AND FEATURES 9.1 Graphic signs shall be bold and conspicuously installed in every access from point of entry to connecting destination. 9.2 Walkways shall be provided with adequate passageway in accordance with provision. 9.3 Width of corridors and circulation system integrating both and vertical access to ingress/egress level of the building shall be provided. 9.4 Doors and entrances provided herein used as entry points at entrance lobbies as local points of congregation shall be designed to open easily or accessible from floor or to any point of destination. 9.5 Washroom and toilets shall be accessible and provided with adequate turning space. 9.6 Whenever elevator/s is required it should meet the requirements provide. 9.7 Ramps shall be provided as means of access to level of change going to entry points and entrances, lobbies influenced by condition of location or use. 9.8 Parking areas shall be provided with sufficient space for the disabled persons to allow easy transfer from car park to ingress/egress levels. 9.9 Height above the floor or switches and controls shall be in accordance with the provisions. 9.10 Handrails shall be provided at both sides of ramps. 9.11 Floors provided for every route of the wheelchair shall be made of nonskid material. 9.12 Water fountains shall be installed as required.
National Building Code of the Philippines
CHAPTER IV (5) Type V. Type V buildings shall be fire-resistive. The structural elements shall be of steel, iron, concrete, or masonry construction. Walls, ceilings, and permanent partitions shall be of incombustible fire-resistive construction. CHAPTER V REQUIREMENTS FOR FIRE ZONES Section 501. Fire Zones Defined.
PALEVINO, Marinet O. BS Ar. 4A
Location of Property. fire-resistive floor or roof ceiling.00 meters above the height limits for each occupancy group if of combustible materials. and other similar building each of which accommodates more than ten persons. monasteries. widths of streets and car parking requirements. fire tests of building construction and materials. and steeples. When openings in exterior walls are required to be protected due to distance from property line. The Secretary shall promulgate specific restriction for each type of Fire Zone. CHAPTER VI FIRE-RESISTIVE REQUIREMENTS IN CONSTRUCTION Section 604. Section 507. that towers. apartment buildings. hotels. row houses. CHAPTER VII CLASSIFICATION AND GENERAL REQUIREMENT OF ALL BUILDINGS BY USE OF OCCUPANCY Section 701. Projections beyond the exterior wall shall not exceed beyond a point one-third the distance from an assumed vertical plane located where the fire-resistive protection of openings is first required to the location on property whichever is the least restrictive. that the height measured from the lowest adjoining surface shall not exceed such maximum height by more than 3. application and use of controlled interior finish. Occupancy Classified. the installation of fire doors and windows and smoke and fire detectors for fire protective signaling system. CHAPTER VIII PALEVINO. physical. Distance shall be measured at right angles from the property line. Hotels and Apartments Group B Occupancies shall be multiple dwelling units including boarding or lodging houses. door assemblies and tinclad fire doors and window assemblies. The maximum height and number of storeys of every building shall be dependent upon the character of occupancy and the type of construction as determined by the Secretary considering population density. Section 704. tests on fire damages. type of construction. erected as part of a building and not used for habitation or storage are limited as to height only by structural design if completely of incombustible materials. The height shall be measured from the highest adjoining sidewalk or ground surface: Provided. (a) General Requirements (2) Where minor accessory uses do not occupy more than ten percent of the area of any floor or a building. Mixed Occupancy. (b) Fire Resistance of Walls. Eaves over required windows shall not be less than 750 millimeters from the side and rear property lines. (a) General.00 meters: Except. (2) Group B. Residentials. the sum of the areas of such openings in any storey shall not exceed 50 percent of the total area of the wall in that storey. and resistance to fire. the major use of the building determine the occupancy classification. fire-resistive assemblies for protection of openings and fire-retardant roof coverings. building bulk. Designation of Fire Zones. Maximum Height of Buildings. Fire-Resistive Regulations. in which case.CODE STUDY ON CORPORATE BUILDING DESIGN Fire zones are areas within which only certain types of buildings are permitted to be constructed based on their use or occupancy. The Secretary shall prescribe standards and promulgate rules and regulations on the testing of construction materials for flamespread characteristics. Exterior walls shall have fire resistance and opening protection in accordance with the requirements set forth by the Secretary. Section 703. spires. No Building shall be constructed unless it adjoins or has direct access to a public space yard or street on at least one of its sides. nor more than ten percent of the basic area permitted in the occupancy requirements. 4A Page 2 . BS Ar. fireresistive protection for structural members. convents. Cities and municipalities shall be divided into such Fire Zones in accordance with local. and spatial framework plans submitted by city or municipal planning and/or development bodies. or may extend not to exceed 6. Marinet O. fireresistive walls and partitions. Section 707.
unless such additional room conforms to the requirements of this Code. (a) Minimum size of courts and their least dimensions shall be governed by the use. Section 809. (a) Minimum space shall be provided as follows: 2. provided that the minimum horizontal dimension of court shall be not less than 2. type of construction. (a) Habitable rooms provided with artificial ventilation have ceiling heights not less than 2. Air Space Requirements in Determining the Size of Rooms. Kitchens. public street or alley. and height of the building and the use.00 square meter. Factories.70 meters.20 meters in width. or to create an additional room. (a) Every room intended for any use. sills. No vent shaft shall have its least dimension less than 600 millimeters. Section 802. and such window shall open directly to a court. 14.00 2. Section 805.80 meters above and below it. and location of the site. (b) All inner courts shall be connected to a street or yard. wall copings. and Offices. Habitable rooms. and light wells shall be measured clear of all projections from the walls enclosing such wells or yards with the exception of roof leaders. 4A Page 3 . area. 3.40 meters measured from the floor to the ceiling. 3. (a) Maximum site occupancy shall be governed by the use.50 meters. Unless open to the outer at the top for its full area. either by a passageway with a minimum width of 1.40 meters and succeeding storeys shall have an unobstructed typical head-room clearance of not less than 2. Rooms for Human Habitations. Workshops. Section 803. yards. (b) Mezzanine floors shall have a clear ceiling height not less than 1.00 cubicmeters of space per person. 1. PALEVINO. General Requirements of Light and Ventilation. (b) Skylights. (a) The measurement of site occupancy or lot occupancy shall be taken at the ground level and shall be exclusive of courts.70 meters and that for the second storey 2. (a) Minimum sizes of rooms and their least horizontal dimensions shall be as follows: 1. Section 806. (c) No building shall be altered nor arranged so as to reduce the size of any room or the relative area of windows to less than that provided for buildings under this Code.10 square meter for every meter of height of shaft but in no case shall the area be less than 1.00 cubic meters of space per person.CODE STUDY ON CORPORATE BUILDING DESIGN LIGHT AND VENTILATION Section 801. Section 807. nature. (a) Ventilation or vent shafts shall have a horizontal crosssectional area of not less than 0. Section 808. (d) No building shall be enlarged so that the dimensions of the required court or yard would be less than that prescribed for such building. shall be provided with a window or windows with a total free area of openings equal to at least ten percent of the floor area of room. Size and Dimensions of Rooms. Size and Dimensions of Courts. yard. (b) All buildings shall face a street or public alley or a private street which has been duly approved.10 meters above the finished floor. Provided that for buildings of more than one-storey. BS Ar. Measurement of Site Occupancy. Marinet O. Ceiling Heights. and light wells.00 square meters with at least dimension of 1. and height of the building as provided in the rules and regulations promulgated by the Secretary. vent shaft shall be covered by a skylight having a net free area or fixed louver openings equal to the maximum required shaft area.20 square meters with at least dimension of 0.20 meters or by a door through a room or rooms. Above stated rooms with a natural ventilation shall have ceiling height not less than 2. Section 804. and subject to the provisions of the local zoning requirements and in accordance with the rules and regulations promulgated by the Secretary. Vent Shafts. type of construction.90 meters. or open water courses. or steel fire escapes not exceeding 1. Bath and toilet.00 meters. yards. the minimum ceiling height of the first storey shall be 2. 3. Percentage of Site Occupancy. not provided with artificial ventilation system as herein specified in this Code. 12. 6.00 square meters with at least dimensions of 2. (b) Courts. Window Openings.
Wastewater Disposal System. Section 811. 2. (b) Adequate provisions shall be made to drain low areas in buildings and their premises. hotel or restaurant kitchens. Such duct or intake shall have a minimum unobstructed cross-sectional area of not less than 0. (b) The quality of drinking water from meteoric. sales rooms. factories. Section 810. (c) DINING rooms for public use without artificial ventilation shall be properly screened.CODE STUDY ON CORPORATE BUILDING DESIGN (c) Air ducts shall open to a street or court by a horizontal duct or intake at a point below the lowest window opening. Water Supply System. or as stores. (a) Rain water drainage shall not discharge to the sanitary sewer system. (c) The design. Section 903. CHAPTER IX SANITATION Section 902. All pipe materials to be used in buildings shall conform to the Standard Specifications of the Philippine Standard Council. (d) The design. Section 907. Storm Drainage System. They shall be equipped with movable sashes or louvers with an aggregate net free area not less than that required for openable parts in the window that are replaced or provided with approved artificial ventilation of equivalent effectiveness. or administrative purposes. (a) Skylights shall have glass area not less than that required for the windows that are replaced. laundries other than accessory to dwellings. and boiler rooms not less than ten changes of air per hour shall be provided. PALEVINO. the equipment shall be designed and constructed to meet the following minimum requirements in changes: 1. systems of private housing subdivisions or industrial estates shall be governed by existing laws relating to local waterworks system. workshops. (b) Whenever artificial ventilation is required. Marinet O. (a) All buildings with hollow and/or wood construction shall be provided with rat proofing. Ventilation Skylights. (a) Whenever available. the potable water requirements for a building used for human habitation shall be supplied from existing municipal or city waterworks system. construction and operation of deepwells for the abstraction of groundwater shall be subject to the provisions of the Water Code of the Philippines. BS Ar. For rooms entirely above grade and used for office. restaurants. (b) Garbage bins and receptacles shall be provided with ready means for cleaning and with positive protection against entry of pest and vermins. Pipe Materials. surface or underground sources shall conform to the criteria set in the latest approved National Standards for Drinking Water. (e) The water piping installations inside buildings and premises shall conform to the provisions of the National Plumbing Code of the Philippines. markets. (c) Sanitary and industrial plumbing installations inside buildings and premises shall conform to the provisions of the National Plumbing Code. not less than three changes of air per hour shall be provided. (a) Sanitary sewage from buildings and neutralized or pretreated industrial wastewater shall be discharged directly into the nearest street sanitary sewer main of existing municipal or city sanitary sewerage system in accordance with the criteria set by the Code on Sanitation and the National Pollution Control Commission. Pest and Vermin Control. clerical. For rooms entirely above grade and used as bakeries. construction and operation of independent waterworks. Section 905. 4A Page 4 . Artificial Ventilation. (a) Rooms or spaces housing industrial or heating equipment shall be provided with artificial means of ventilation to prevent excessive accumulation of hot and/or polluted. (b) All buildings located in areas where there are no available sanitary sewerage system shall dispose their sewage"Imhoff" or septic tank and subsurface absorption filed. or machinery rooms. The openings to the duct or intake shall not be less than 300 millimeters above the bottom of the shaft and the street surface or level of court at the respective ends of the duct or intake.30 square meter with a minimum dimension of 300 millimeters. Section 904.
Arcades. Mixing Mortar or Public Property.40 meters above the pavement or ground line shall not. catch basin. Canopies (Marquees). Every marquee shall be so located as not to interfere with the operation of any exterior standpipe connection or to obstruct the clear passage from stairway exits from the building or the installation or maintenance of electroliers. (c) Foundations may be permitted to encroach into public sidewalk areas to a width not exceeding 500 millimeters. (d) Location. provided. (a) Whenever required by existing building and zoning regulations. Projection of Balconies and Appendages (Annex B-2). utility box. It shall be provided with necessary drainage facility. and provided further. (b) Clearance. Doors. Section 1004. (a) Definition. Section 1006. Collapsible awnings shall be so designated that they shall not block a required exit when collapsed or folded. (b) Footings located at least 2. 4A Page 5 . folded. project beyond the property line except fire exit doors. (c) Construction. or sewer lines.00 meters. Section 1103. that said projections does not obstruct any existing utility such as power. A canopy or marquee is a permanent roofed structure above a door attached to and supported by the building and projecting over a wall or sidewalk. Projection of Balconies and Appendages OverStreets. and the like. (a) The extent of any projection over an alley or street shall be uniform within a block and shall conform to the limitations set forth in Table 1003-A. or collapsed against the face of a supporting building. The horizontal clearance between the outermost edge of the marquee and the carb line shall be not less than 300 millimeters. Storage in Public Property. The width of the arcade and its height shall be uniform throughout the street provided.00 meters above the established sidewalk grade. Section 1003. (a) Definition. Windows. national road or public highway except as provided in this Code. that in no case. Projection into Alleys or Streets. arcades shall be constructed on sidewalks of streets. shall an arcade be less than 3. The horizontal clearance between the awning and the curb line shall not be less than 300 millimeters. This includes any object or decoration attached thereto. Marinet O. Doors. when fully opened or upon opening. fire or police alarm box. Section 1007. A marquee shall be constructed ofincombustible material or materials of not less than twohours fire-resistive construction. The vertical clearance between the undermost surface of the awning and the pavement or ground line shall be not less than 2. (b) Projection and Clearance. that the top of the said foundations is not less than 600 millimeters below the established grade.40 meters below grade along national roads or public highway may project not more than 300 millimeters beyond the property line. gas. (a) No part of any structure or its appendage shall project into any alley or street. Section 1005. (b) The clearance between the established grade of the street and/or sidewalk and the lowest under surface of any part of the balcony shall not be less than 3. communication. water.40 meters. unless the owner concerned shall pay the corresponding entities for the rerouting of the parts of the affected utilities. BS Ar.CODE STUDY ON CORPORATE BUILDING DESIGN CHAPTER X BUILDING PROJECTION OVER PUBLIC STREETS Section 1002. CHAPTER XI PROTECTION OF PEDESTRIANS DURING CONSTRUCTION OR DEMOLITION Section 1102.00 meters. Movable Awnings or Hoods. PALEVINO. Materials and equipment necessary for work to be done under a permit when placed or stored on public property shall not obstruct free and convenient approach to and used of any fire hydrant. The vertical clearance between the pavement or ground line and the under surface of any part of the marquee shall not be less than 3. or manhole and shall not interfere with any drainage of any street or alley gutter. windows and the like less than 2. An awning is a movable shelter supported entirely from the exterior wall of a building and of a type which can be retracted.
CHAPTER XII GENERAL DESIGN AND CONSTRUCTION REQUIREMENTS Section 1202 Excavation. Every protective fence or canopy shall be removed within 30 days after such protection is no longer required as determined by the Building Official.CODE STUDY ON CORPORATE BUILDING DESIGN The mixing of mortar. Every canopy shall have a solid fence built along its entire length on the construction side. (c) Fences. and shall be structurally safe. Pedestrian Protection. concrete. Veneer is a non structural facing of brick. Fences shall be built of an approved material. Adequate railings when required shall be built substantially strong and should be at least 1. concrete. (a) Definition. (2) Whenever the depth of excavation for any construction is such that the lateral and subjacent support of the adjoining property or existing structure thereon would be affected in a manner that the stability or safety of the same is endangered. (a) When the Building Official authorizes a sidewalk to be fenced or closed. Section 1104.20 meters wide shall be provided. protection. or other similar approved materials attached to a backing or structural components of the building for the purpose of ornamentation. (a) Maintenance. Section 1106. Section 1107. a temporary walkway of not less than 1. Marinet O. (b) Removal. and be placed on the side of the walkway nearest to the building site. (b) The walkway shall be capable of supporting a uniform live load of 650 kilograms per square meter.00 meter in height. plastic. glass. Pedestrian traffic shall be protected by a railing on the street side when the walkway extends into the roadway. Openings in such fences shall be provided with doors which shall be keep closed at all times. (b) Design Requirements. Maintenance and Removal of Protective Devices. the edge along the street shall be protected by a tight curb board not less than 300 millimeters high and an railing not less than 1. (2) Surfaces to which veneer is attached shall be designed to support the additional vertical and lateral loads imposed by the veneer. The design of all veneer shall comply with the following: (1) Veneer shall support no load other than its own weight and the vertical dead load of veneer immediately above. or in case there is no sidewalk in front of the building site during construction or demolition.40 meters above the railway. (d) Canopies. Fences shall enclose entirely the building site. (a) Protection Required. tile. The entire structure shall be designed to carry the loads imposed upon it: Provided.00 meter high shall be provided. Protection of Utilities. and by such as set forth in Table 1106-A: Type of Projection Required for Pedestrians (Annex B-2) (b) Railings. All protective devices shall be properly maintained in place and kept in good order for the entire length of time pedestrians may be endangered. not less than 2. BS Ar. (b) Excavation and Fills (1) Excavation or fills for buildings or structuresshall be so constructed or protected that they do not endanger life or property. or similar materials on public streets shall not be allowed. All public or private utilities above or below the ground shall be protected from any damage by any work being done under the permit. or enclosure that may beadhered. Walkway. Foundation and Retaining Walls. A durable wearing surface shall be provided throughout the construction period. by a railing when adjacent to excavations. integrated. Section 1203. The protective canopy shall have a clear height of 2. PALEVINO. If materials are stored or work is done on top of the canopy. 4A Page 6 . that the live load shall be not less than 600 kilograms per square meter. Section 1105. Veneer. or anchored either on the interior or exterior of the building or structure.40 meters in height above grade. the person undertaking or causing the excavation to be undertaken shall be responsible for the expense of underpinning or extending the foundation or footings of the aforementioned property or structure. metal.
Elevator shafts extending through more than two storeys shall be equipped with an approved means of adequate ventilation to and through the main roof of the building: Provided. Exit requirements of a building or portion thereof used for different purposes shall be determined by the occupant load which gives the largest number of persons. Roof Construction and Covering. (a) Floors shall be of such materials and construction as specified under Chapter 5 Fire. Dampers shall be installed where ducts pierce the shaft enclosure walls. creep.80 meters center-to-center. Section 1207. Such draft curtain shall enclose the perimeter of the unenclosed opening and shall extend from the ceiling downward at least 300 millimeters on all sides. (b) Elevator Enclosures. chutes. The distance between the sprinkles shall not exceed 1. PALEVINO. and other vertical openings not covered in paragraph (b) above shall have enclosing walls conforming to the requirements specified under the type of construction of the building in which they are located. Diagonal and sway bracing shall be used to brace all roof trusses. Vertical openings shall be enclosed depending upon the fire-resistive requirements of a particular type of construction as set forth in this Code. (1) Determinations of Occupant Loads. Stairs. All roofs shall be so framed and tied into the framework and supporting walls so as to form anintegral part of the whole building. 4A Page 7 . Section 1205. Exits and Occupant Loads. ducts. (c) Other Vertical Openings. and deflection. (2) Exit Requirements. (d) Air Ducts. The use of combustible roof insulation shall be permitted in all types of construction provided it is covered with approved roof covering applied directly thereto.CODE STUDY ON CORPORATE BUILDING DESIGN (3) Consideration shall be given to differential movements of the supports including those caused by temperature changes. No obstruction shall be placed in the required width of an exit except projections permitted by this Code. (b) All floors shall be so framed and secure into the framework and supporting walls as to form an integral part of the whole building. The allowable working stresses of materials in trusses shall conform to this Code.Types of Construction. Walls and partitions enclosing elevators and escalators shall be of not less than the fire-resistive construction required under the Types of Construction. Section 1204. Enclosing Walls of elevator shafts may consist of wire glass set in metal frames on the entrance side only. (4) Adhered veneer and its backing shall be designed to have a bond to the supporting elements sufficient seismic effects on the total assemblage. (6) Anchors supports and ties shall be noncombustible and corrosion-resistant. that in those buildings housing Groups F and G Occupancies equipped with automatic fireextinguishing systems throughout. Automatic sprinkles shall be provided around the perimeter of the opening and within a 600 millimeters of the draft curtain. further that the top of the escalator opening at each storey shall be provided with a draft curtain. Roof covering for all buildings shall be either fire-retardant or ordinary depending upon the fireresistive requirements of the particular type of construction. Enclosure of Vertical Openings. shrinkage. (c) The types of floor construction used shall provide means to keep the beam and girders from lateral buckling. Section 1206. (a) Roof Covering. Roof trusses shall have all joints well fitted and shall have all tension members well tightened before any load is placed in the truss. enclosures shall not be required for escalators: Provided. (5) Anchored veneer and its attachment shall be designed to resist horizontal forces equal to twice the weight of the veneer. Air ducts passing through a floor shall be enclosed in a shaft. The shaft shall be as required in this Code for vertical openings. The Occupantload permitted in any building or portion thereof shall be determined by dividing the floor area assigned to that use by the unit area allowed per occupant as determined by the Secretary. Marinet O. ducts in Group A Occupancies need not be enclosed in a shaft if conforming to the mechanical provisions of this Code. Camber shall be provided to prevent sagging.Zones and FireResistive Standards and under Chapter 6 . (a) General. Floor Construction. (b) Roof Trusses. All shafts. BS Ar.
When installation in exit doorways. The provisions herein shall apply to every exit door serving an area having an occupant load of more than 10 or serving hazardous rooms or areas. that this requirement shall not apply to exterior exit doors in a Group E or F Occupancy if there is a conspicuous. (4) Changes in Elevation. Every building or usable portion thereof shall have at least one exit. For purposes of this Section basement or cellars and occupied roofs shall be provided with exits as required for storeys. measured along the line of travel. Every storey or portion thereof having an occupant load of 1000 or more shall have at least four (4) exits.00 meters. basements and cellars used for other than service of the building shall have not less than two exits. floors above the first storey having an occupant load of more than 10 shall not have less than two exits. Exit door shall swing in the direction of exit travel when serving any hazardous areas or when serving an occupant load of 50 or more. BS Ar. (b) Exits (1) Number of Exits. a horizontal exit. (4) Distance to Exits. Every storey or portion thereof.00 meters in any dimension.300 square centimeters. Flush bolts or surface bolts are prohibited. Where three or more exits are required they shall be arranged a reasonable distance apart so that if one becomes blocked. Any room having an occupant load of more than 50 where fixed seats are not installed. (2) Type of Lock or Latch. exit passageway. Floors above the second storey. nor equipped with public hardware. In all occupancies. shall have at least than two stairways to an adjacent floor. nor shall they be used as a part of fire assembly. having an occupant load of 500 to 999 shall have at least three exits. (3) Arrangement of Exits.00 meters from an exterior exit door. The total width of exits in meters shall not be less than the total occupant load served divided by 165. ? Exit door shall be openable from the inside without the use of a key or any special knowledge or effort: Except. A double acting door shall be provided with a view panel of not less than 1. The number of exits required from any storey of a building shall be determined by using the occupant loads of floors which exit through by using the occupant loads of floors which exit through the level under consideration as follows: 50 percent of the occupant load in the first adjacent storey above (and the first adjacent storey below. or similar purpose shall have the capacity of the room posted in a conspicuous place near the main exit from the room. exit doors shall be capable of openings at least 90 decrees and shall be so mounted that the PALEVINO. In a building equipped with a complete automatic fire extinguishing system the distance from exits may be increased to 60. (2) Width. The total exit width required from any storey of a building shall be determined by using the occupant load of that storey plus the percentage of the occupant loads of floors which exits through the level under consideration as follows: fifty (50) per cent of the occupant load in the first adjacent storey above (and the first adjacent storey below when a storey below exits through the level under consideration) and twenty five per cent of the occupant load in the storey immediately beyond the first adjacent storey. (c) Doors. No point in a building without a sprinkle system shall be more than 45. If only two exits are required they shall be placed a distance apart to not less than one-fifth of the perimeter of the area served measured in a straight line between exits. Except in Groups A Occupancies.CODE STUDY ON CORPORATE BUILDING DESIGN (3) Posting of Room Capacity. Each mezzanine floor used for other than storage purposes. 4A Page 8 . The maximum number of exits required for any storey shall be maintained until egress is provided from the structures. or an enclosed stairway. assembly. Such width of exits shall be divided approximately equally among the separate exits. stating that the door is to remain unlocked during business hours. Marinet O. changes in floor elevations of less than 300 millimeters along any exit serving a tributary occupant load of 10 or more shall be by means of ramps. Double acting doors shall not be used as exits serving a tributary occupant load of more than 100. and which is used for classroom. (1) Swing. the others will be available.00 meters in height. The locking device must be of a type that will readily be distinguishable as locked. when a storey below exits through the level under consideration) and 25 percent of the occupant load in the storey immediately beyond the first adjacent storey. readily visible and durable sign on or adjacent to the door. (3) Width and Height. Every required exit doorway shall be of a size as to permit the installation of a door not less than 900 millimeters in width and not less than 2. The maximum exit width from any storey of a building shall be maintained. if greater in area than 185 square meters or more than 18.
Except stairs or ladders used only to access. Every required exit door shall give immediate access to an approved means of egress from the building. (2) Rise and Run. (4) Dead Ends. that this requirement shall not apply to exterior exit balconies. Exterior exit balconies cannot project into an area where protected openings are required. every interior door opening shall be protected as set forth in generally recognized and accepted requirements for dual purpose fire exit doors. and doors when fully opened shall not reduce the required width by more than 200 millimeters.10 meters in width. The required width of corridors and exterior exit balconies shall be an obstructed: Except that trim handrails.CODE STUDY ON CORPORATE BUILDING DESIGN clear width of the exit way is not less than 700 millimeters.10 meters. nor to corridors. they shall conform to all provisions in the following cases: Approved revolving doors having leaves which will collapse under opposing pressures may be used in exit situations: Provided: That such doors have a minimum width of 2. The maximum variations in the height of risers and the width of treads in any one flight shall be 5 millimeters: Except. and overhead doors shall not be used as required exits. BS Ar. Corridors and exterior exit balconies with dead ends are permitted when the dead end does not exceed 6. (9) Additional Doors. a door may open on the top step of a flight of stairs or an exterior landing provided the door does not swing over the top step or exterior landing and the landing is not more than 200 millimeters below the floor level. Every corridor or exit balcony shall not be less than 1.00 meters in length. (1) Width. Private stairways serving an occupant load of less than 10 may be 750 millimeters. (3) Access to Exits. No leaf of an exit door shall exceed 1. sliding.00 meters or they are not used in occupancies where exits are required to be equipped with panic hardware or at least one conforming exit door is located adjacent to each revolving doors installed in a building and the revolving door shall not be considered to provide any exit width. or not more than 50 millimeters lower than the threshold of the doorway: Except. The provisions herein shall apply to every corridor and exterior exit balcony serving as required exit for an occupant load of more than ten. The rise of every step in a stairway shall not exceed 200 millimeters and the run shall not less than 250 millimeters. railings. (6) Openings. The total area of all openings other than doors. (8) Door Identification. Glass doors shall conform to the requirements in Section 1005.20 meters in width. Provided. Doors in any position shall not reduce the required width of the corridor by more than one-half. When corridor wall are required to be one-hour fire-resistive construction. they shall be arranged to allow going to either direction from any point dead ends permitted by this Code. (6) Egress from Door. When more than one exit is required. (5) Construction. Other interior openings except ventilation louvers equipped with approved automatic fire shutter shall be 7 millimeters thick fixed wire glass set in steel frames. In computing the required exit width the net dimension of the exitway shall be used. (e) Stairways. (7) Change in Floor Level at Doors. and corridors of one-storey building housing a Group E and F Occupancy occupied by one tenant only and which serves an occupant load of 30 or less. Stairways serving an occupant load of 50 or less may be 900 millimeters wide. formed by temporary partitions. (d) Corridors and Exterior Exit Balconies. (2) Projections. every stairway serving any building or portion thereof shall conform to the following requirements: (1) Width. The floor or landing shall be leveled with. Revolving. Marinet O. Trim and handrails shall not reduce the required width by more than 100millimeters. When additional doors are provided for egress purposes. Regardless of the occupant load there shall be a floor or landing on each side of an exit door. in any portion of an interior corridor wall shall not exceed twentyfive percent of the area of the corridor wall of the room being separated from the corridor. Other exit doors shall be so marked that they are already distinguishable from the adjacent construction. equipment. Stairways serving an occupant load of more than 50 shall not be less than 1. (4) Door Leaf Width. in case of private stairways serving an occupant load of less than 10. Walls and ceilings of corridors shall not be less than one-hour fire-resistive construction. that in Group A and B occupancies. (5) Special Doors. 4A Page 9 . the rise may be 200 millimeters and the run may be PALEVINO.
(6) Basement Stairways. The capacity shall be determined by allowing 0.10 meters or less in width and stairway serving one individual dwelling unit in Group A or B Occupancies may have one handrail. (3) Winding Stairways. Where there is enclosed usable space under stairs. BS Ar. that on Type III buildings which do not exceed two storeys in height. (f) Ramps. as an enclosure will not be required for stairway. (5) Landing. that opening may be unprotected when two separated exterior stairways serve an exterior exit balcony. Every interior stairway. Landings when provided shall not be reduced in width by more than 100 millimeters by a door when fully open. a horizontal exit may be considered as the required exit. Where a basement stairway and a stairway to an upper storey terminate in the same exit enclosure. or escalator serving only one adjacent floor and not connected with corridors or stairways serving other floors. (7) Distance Between Landings. except that such stairway open on one or both sides shall have handrails provided on the open side or sides: or stairway having less than four risers need not have handrails. Marinet O. All treads in any one flight between landings shall have identical dimensions within a 5 millimeter tolerance. The width of ramps shall be as required for corridors. All openings in the exterior wall below or within 3. (8) Handrails. Stairways shall have handrails on each side and every stairway required to be more than 3. as well as on Type I buildings may be of wood not less than 50 millimeters in nominal thickness.00 meters in width shall be provided with not less than one intermediate handrail for each 3. that in other than Group D Occupancies. winders may be used if the required width of run is provided at a point not more than 300 millimeters from the side of the stairway where the treads are narrower but in no case shall any width of run be less than 150 millimeters at any point. There shall be not more than 3. Every landing shall have a dimension measured in the direction of travel equal to the width of the stairway. Handrails shall be placed not less than 800 millimeters nor more than 900 millimeters above the nosing of treads and ends of handrails shall be returned or shall terminate in newel posts or safety terminals: Except.20 meters when the stairs has a straight run. an approved barrier shall be provided to prevent persons from continuing on to the basements. ramp. which are located in less fire-restrictive Fire Zones.00 meters. in the following cases: Stairways 1. (h) Exit Enclosures. Intermediate handrail shall be spaced approximately equal within the entire width of the stairway.30 square meter of net floor area per ambulatory occupant and 1. Exterior stairways shall not project into an area where openings are required to be protected. measured horizontally of an exterior exit stairway serving a building over two storeys in height shall be protected by a self-closing fire assembly having a three-fourths hour fireresistive rating: Except. (9) Exterior Stairway Protection. the walls and soffits of the enclosed space shall be protected on the enclosed side as required for one-hour fire-resistive construction. (g) Horizontal Exit. If conforming to the provisions of this Code. Exterior stairway shall be of incombustible material: Except.90 square meters per nonambulatory occupant. Such dimension need not exceed 1. (4) Circular Stairways. Stairs in (1) Stairs in smokeproof enclosures shall be of incombustible construction. The dispersal area into which the horizontal exit loads shall be provided with exits as required by this Code. PALEVINO. (10) Stairway Construction-Exterior. Exterior stairs shall be protected as required for exterior walls due to location on property as specified in this Code. Circular stairs may be usedas an exit provided the minimum width of run is not less than 250 millimeters. ramp. All openings in a separation wall shall be protected by a fire assembly having a fireresistive rating not less than the occupant load served by such exit. In Group A Occupancy and in private stairways in Group B Occupancies.CODE STUDY ON CORPORATE BUILDING DESIGN 250 millimeters.60 meters vertical distance between landings.00 meters of required width. or escalator shall be enclosed as specified in this Code: Except. 4A Page 10 . Directional exit signs shall be provided as specified in this Code. A ramp conforming to the provisions of this Code may be used as an exit. except as provided in subparagraph (3) below.
(1) Width Every exit court and exit passageway shall be at least as wide as the required total width of the tributary exits. exit court. (k) Exit Signs and Illuminations Exits shall be illuminated at any time the building is occupied with light having an intensity of not less than 10. or similar materials shall be provided with aisles leading to an exit. merchandise. that for Group A Occupancies.00 meters wide shall be protected by fire assemblies having not less than three-fourth hour fireresistive rating. The number of seats between aisles may be increased to 30 where exit doors are provided along each side aisle of the row of seats at the rate of one pair of exit doors for every five rows of seats. Marinet O.CODE STUDY ON CORPORATE BUILDING DESIGN (2) There shall be no openings in smokeproof enclosures. (2) Exit Distance In areas occupied by seats and in Groups H and I. and not less than 1 meter wide if serving both sides. and Passageways Every exit shall discharge into a public way. (2) Slope The slope of exit courts shall not exceed 1 in 10. or exit passageway. crosssle. At any point where the width of an exit court is reduced from any cause. Passageways shall be without openings other than required exits and shall have walls. except exit doorways and openings in exterior walls.7 lux at floor level: Except. The slope of exit passageway shall not exceed 1 in 8. floors. 4A Page 11 . the exit illumination shall be provided with separate circuits or separated sources of power (but not necessarily separate from exit signs when these arerequired for exit signs illumination). provided further that the distance between seats back to back is at least one meter. (4) Openings All openings into an exit court less than 3. With standard spacing. Every exit court shall discharge into a public way or an exit passageway. or exit. Such exit doors shall provide a minimum clear width of 1. In lieu of a vestibule. crosssle or foyer. as specified in this Code. or foyer and shall be increased by 30 millimeters for every meters in length towards the exit.00 meters. The guardrail shall make an angle of not more than 30 degrees with the axis of the exit court. (3) Cross Aisles Aisles shall terminate in a cross aisle. that openings more than 3. (3) Number of Exits Every exit court shall be provided with exits as required in this Code. Such minimum width shall be measured at the point farthest from an exit. Access shall be through a vestibule with one wall at least fifty percent open to the exterior and having an exit door from the interior of the building and exit door leading to the smokeproof enclosure. floors and ceilings of thebuilding but shall not be less than one-hour fireresistive construction.00 meters above the floor of the exit court may be unprotected. There shall be no openings directly into the interior of the building. and ceilings of the same period of fireresistance as the walls. tables. BS Ar. (1) Aisles Every portion of every building in which are installed seats. The width of the cross aisle shall be not less than the sum of the required width of the widest aisle plus fifty percent of the total required width of the PALEVINO. The required width of exit courts or exit passageway shall be unobstructed except as permitted in corridors. (1) Width Every aisle shall be not less than 800 millimeters wide if serving only one side. access may be byway of an open exterior balcony of incombustible materials. (5) A stairway in a smokeproof enclosure shall not continue below the grade level exit unless an approved barrier is provided at a ground floor level to prevent persons from accidentally walking into the basement. Except. Courts. equipment. (j) Exit Outlets. such required width being based on the occupant load served. foyer. Occupancies without seats. aisles shall be so located that there will be not more than seven seats between the wall and ansle and not more than fourteen seats between aisles. the reduction in width shall be affected gradually by a guardrail at least 900 millimeters in height.70 meters. the line travel to an exit door by ansle shall be not more than 45.
10 meters above the rear of a seat plank or 1. Every open air stand having seats without backrest shall have at least two means of egress when the stand accommodates more than 300 persons. The maximum variation in the width of treads in any one flight shall not be more than 5 millimeters and the maximum variation in one height of two adjacent rises shall not exceed 5 millimeters. (8. BS Ar. (8.2) Railings shall be 1.00 meters.1) Guardrails shall be required in all locations where the top of a seat plank is more than 1. (8. H and E Occupancies. (6.3) A midrail shall be placed adjacent to any seat to limit the open distance above the top of any part of a seat to 250 millimeters where the seat is at the extreme end or at the extreme rear of the bleachers or grandstand.1) Distance to Exit The line of travel to an exit shall not be more than 45. that the height may be reduced to 900 millimeters for guardrails located in front of the grandstand. (6) Guardrails (6.10 meters above the rear of the steps in the aisle when the guardrail is parallel and adjacent to the aisle: Except. The intervening space shall have one additional rail midway in the opening: Except. that railings may be omitted when stands are placed directly against a wall or fence giving equivalent protection. (8. that for an open air stand with seats without backrests four exits need not be provided unless there are accommodations for more than 3000 occupants. (5) Stairs and Ramps The requirements in this Code shall apply to all stairs and ramps except for portions that pass through the seating area. aisles shall not be provided a dead end greater than 6.3) Handrails A ramp with a slope exceeding 1 in 10 shall have handrails. Marinet O. Stairs for stands shall have handrails. Where only sections of stands are used.1) Stair Rise and Run The maximum rise of treads shall not exceed 200 millimeters and the minimum width of the run shall be 280 millimeters. stairs and ramps shall be provided with guardrails. Every stand or section of a stand within a building shall have at least two means of egress when the stand accommodates more than 50 persons.2)Ramp Slope The slope of a ramp shall not exceed 1 in 8. 4A Page 12 .6) Width The total width of exits in meters shall not be less than the total occupant load served divided by 165: PALEVINO. (5. (5.20 meters above the grade and at the front of stands elevated more than 600 millimeters above grade.2) Aisle Used as Exit An aisle may be considered as only one exit unless it is continuous at both ends to a legal building exit or to a safe dispersal area. guardrails shall be provided as required in this Code.5) Four Exits Required Four exits shall be required when a stand or section of a stand accommodates more than 1000 occupants: Except. Handrails shall conform to the requirements of this Code.CODE STUDY ON CORPORATE BUILDING DESIGN remaining aisle leading thereto.00 meters in length. Other handrails shall be designed to resist a load of 40 kilograms per linear meter. (8) Exits (8. In Groups C. Ramps shall be roughened or shall be of approved nonslip material. Handrails at the front of stands and adjacent to an aisle shall be designed to resist a load of 75 kilograms per linear meter applied at the top rail. (5. (7) Foot Boards Footboards shall be provided for all rows of seats above the third row or beginning at such point where the seating plank is more than 600 millimeters above grade. (8. For stands with seats without backseats this distance may be measured by direct line from a seat to the exit from the stand.4) Three Exits Required Three exits shall be required for stands within a building when there are more than 300 occupants within a stand and for open air stands with seats without backrests where a stand or section of a stand accommodates more than 1000 occupants.3) Two Exits Required A stand with the first seating board not more than 500 millimeters above grade of floor may be considered to have two exits when the bottom of the stand is open at both ends. (6.
All mechanical systems. When more than 500 loose chairs are used in connection with athletic events. Section 1302. CHAPTER XVIII GLASS AND GLAZING Section 1801.CODE STUDY ON CORPORATE BUILDING DESIGN Except. Provided. that for open air stands with seats without backrests the total width of exits in meter shall not be less than the total occupant load served divided by 500 when existing by stairs. 4A Page 13 . shall bear the manufacturer's identification showing the special characteristics and thickness by etching or other permanent identification that shall be visible after the glass is glazed. Glazing. Marinet O. equipment and installations mentioned in this Code shall conform to the provisions of the Philippine Mechanical Engineering Code. that glass edge clearance in fixed openings shall be not less than what is required for wind and earthquake drift. otherwise known as the MechanicalEngineering Law. and shall be tied or staked to the ground. The aggregate clear width of exits from a safe dispersal area shall be determined on the bases of not less than one exit unit of 600 millimeters for each 500 persons to be accommodated and not exit shall be less than 1. Area Limitation. Louvered Windows. heatstrengthened fully tempered or insulated. as adopted by the Board of Mechanical Engineering pursuant to Commonwealth Act No. there shall be a minimum of three exits. 294 as amended. the total width of exits shall be determined by using both figures as applicable. Glass firmly supported on all four edges shall be glazed with minimum laps and edge clearances in accordance with Section 1801 paragraph (b). (9) Securing of Chairs Chairs and benches used on raised stands shall be secured to the platforms upon which they are placed: Except. Electrical Regulations.10 meters in width. chairs shall be fastened together in groups of not less than three. The area of individual lights shall not be more than the maximum allowable area of glass according to the wind load multiplied by the appropriate adjustment factor. 184 otherwise known as the electrical Engineering Law. For glass not firmly supported on all four edges and design shall be submitted for approval of the Building Official. Exits shall be located at a reasonable distance apart. General Requirements (b) Standards for materials shall conform to the provisions set by the Secretary on glass dimensional tolerances. Each light with special performance characteristics such as laminated. breaking stress levels. (c) Each light shall bear the manufacturer's label designating the type and thickness of glass. they shall be spaced not less than one-fifth of the perimeter apart. and for more than 9000 persons there shall be a minimum of four exits. If more than 6000 persons are to be accommodated within such an area. Section 1804. that when less than 25 chairs are used upon single raised platform the fastening of seat to the platform may be omitted. All electrical systems equipment and installation mentioned in this Code shall conform to the provisions of the Philippine Electrical Code.10 meters in width. as adopted by the board of Electrical Engineering pursuant to Republic Act No. and divided by 650 when existing by ramps or horizontally. CHAPTER XIII ELECTRICAL AND MECHANICAL REGULATIONS Section 1301. Exterior glass and glazing shall be capable of safely withstanding the load due to wind pressures for various height zones above ground acting inward or outward. (10) Safe Dispersal Area Each safe dispersal area shall have at least two exits. BS Ar. PALEVINO. When both horizontal and stair exits are used. Section 1803. and design safety factors. Mechanical Regulations. Glass supports shall be considered firm when deflection of the support at design load does not exceed 1/175 of the span. Section 1802. a reasonable distance apart that shall be spaced not less than one-fifth of the perimeter of the area apart from each other. No exit shall be less than 1. When only two exits are provided.
(4) Glass lights 1. (9) blasting agents. pyrophoric. . sponge rubber and plastic foam. storage. vegetable or animal oils and other derivatives/by products. stains and organic coatings. sheet. ammonium nitrate. Inspections. Safety Measures for Hazardous Materials . blasting caps. or cryogenic materials or poisonous gases as well as material compounds which when exposed to heat or flame become a fire conductor. and electrical system in any building structure or facility. glass in doors. or any amount of highly toxic. Section 1805. (14) combustible waste materials for recycling or resale. (13) mineral. (11) matches in commercial quantities. dynamite.50 square meters or less in area. flammable. handling and/or use of explosives or of combustible. administrators or occupants of buildings. and (16) agriculture. (2) combustible fibers. (10) fireworks materials of any kind or form. forest. 4A Page 14 . Impact. rubber. fulminates of any kind. (15) explosive dusts and vapors. BS Ar. nitro cellulose.6 millimeters thick. (17) any other substance with potential to cause harm to persons.8 millimeters thick: or laminated safety glass not less than 6. (4) flammable and combustible liquids or gases of any classification. for the: (1) Use or occupancy of buildings. Inspection Requirement . BFP or his duly authorized representative as prerequisite to the grants of permits and/or licenses by local governments and other government agencies concerned. property or the PALEVINO. and (2) Storage. fully tempered glass not less than 4.6 millimeters minimal and not longer than 1. (5) flammable paints.As may be defined and provided in the Rules and Regulations. Constructions. b. Exposed glass edges shall be smooth. structures and their premises or facilities and other responsible persons shall be required to comply with the following. live coals and embers. and Protective and/or Warning Systems. marine or mineral products which may undergo spontaneous combustion. black powder. or generate excessive smoke or toxic gases. oxidizing materials. fixed glass panels.CODE STUDY ON CORPORATE BUILDING DESIGN Regular plate. or patterned glass in jalousies and louvered windows shall not be thinner than 5. (7) metallic magnesium in any form.Fire safety measures shall be required for the manufacture. varnishes. Frameless glass doors. structures. Marinet O.4 millimeters thick. organic peroxide. facilities or their premises including the installation or fire protection and fire safety equipment. (6) high-piled or widely spread combustible stock. (2) Glass lights located not less than 450 millimeters above the adjacent finished floor or walking surface. (8) corrosive liquids. liquid nitro-glycerine. as may be appropriate: a. REVISED FIRE CODE OF THE PHILIPPINES Section 7. owners. hypergolic. nitromethane. Fire Safety. handling and/or use of hazardous materials involving: (1) cellulose nitrate plastic of any kind. (3) Glass lights when the least dimension is not greater than 450 millimeters.20 meters. and similar glazed openings which may be subject to accidental human impact shall conform with the requirements set forth by the Secretary on impact loads of glass: Except in the following cases: (1) Bathtub and shower enclosures shall be constructed from approved shatter-resistant materials. toxic and other hazardous materials. explosives and special industrial explosive materials.A fire safety inspection shall be conducted by the Chief. (3) cellular materials such as foam. (12) hot ashes. and plastic explosives containing ammonium salt or chlorate. Safety Measures. such as: wire reinforced glass not less than 5.
(6) motion picture projection using electrical arc lamps. (5) smelting and forging. Without limiting the definition of hazardous material. horizontal exits and other means of egress sealed from smoke and heat. (3) Fire walls to separate adjoining buildings. hose reels or standpipe systems and other fire fighting equipment. (3) waste disposal. and (11) Properly marked and lighted exits with provision for emergency lights to adequately illuminate exit ways in case of power failure. Marinet O. (7) A fire exit plan for each floor of the building showing the routes from each other room to appropriate exits. (8) Self-closing fire resistive doors leading to corridors. d. (2) industrial baking and drying. (10) Roof vents for use by fire fighters. (9) Fire dampers in centralized airconditioning ducts.Owners. PALEVINO. (4) pressurized/forced-draft burning equipment. Safety Measures for Hazardous Operation/Processes . vertical shafts.Fire Safety measures shall be required for the following hazardous operation/processes: (1) welding or soldering. displayed prominently on the door of such room. c. c) The biological properties of the substance. occupants or administrator or buildings. to wit: (1) Fire protection features such as sprinkler systems. shall incorporate and provide therein fire safety construction.CODE STUDY ON CORPORATE BUILDING DESIGN environment because of one or more of the following: a) The chemical properties of the substance. (6) Stairway. distillation and solvent extraction. (2) Fire Alarm systems. and shall develop and implement fire safety programs. and (8) such other operations or processes as may hereafter be prescribed in the Rules and Regulations. structures and their premises or facilities. curtain boards and other fire containing or stopping components. or warehouses and storage areas from other occupancies in the same building. hose boxes. except such other buildings or structures as may be exempted in the rules and regulations to be promulgated under Section 5 hereof. Protective and Warning System . combustible liquids and chemicals are hazardous materials. all dangerous goods. (7) refining. b) The physical properties of the substance. BS Ar. Provision on Fire Safety Construction. protective and warning system. (5) Termination of all exits in an area affording safe passage to a public way or safe dispersal area. (4) Provisions for confining the fire at its source such as fire resistive floors and walls extending up to the next floor slab or roof. 4A Page 15 .
Certification of potability of drinking water. 856 CODE ON SANITATION Chapter II. the following measures shall be observed. Delivery of water to consumers from new or recently repaired water systems. Sec. Operation of a water system after an order of closure was issued by the Department. CHAPTER VIII . unless the latter is regularly examined as to its quality by those in charge is made and found to be sage and potable e.No public swimming and bathing places shall be operated for public use without a sanitary permit issued by the Secretary or his duly authorized representative.Public Swimming or Bathing Places Sec. Other protective Measures. b. 9.To protect drinking water from contamination. Jurisdiction of the Department. 13. BS Ar. d. . No radioactive sources or materials shall be stored within a radius of 25 meters from any well or source is adequately and safely enclosed by proper shielding d.CODE STUDY ON CORPORATE BUILDING DESIGN PRESIDENTIAL DECREE NO. stored or served. Sec. a. Washing clothes or bathing within a radius of 25 meters from any well or other source of drinking water is prohibited. and e. c. the doors shall be tight fitting and self-closing. and the disinfection of contaminated water sources together with their distribution systems shall be in accordance with procedures prescribed by the Department. PALEVINO. The installation of booster pump to boost water direct from the water distribution line of a water supply system where low-water pressure prevails is prohibited. Sanitary Permits. 21. deep or shallow well shall be constructed within 25 meters from any source of pollution. shall conform to the criteria set by the National Drinking Water Standards. Plans and specifications of water systems of subdivisions and projects prior to the construction of housing units thereat. Facilities shall include hot and cold running water single-service paper or cold towel dispenser or drying device and soap or detergent. Water Supply Sec. The treatment of water to render it safe for drinking. Sec. a. Toilet rooms shall not open directly into spaces where food is prepared. Sites of water sources before their construction b. b. Marinet O. c. Prescribed Standards and Procedures. 10. . Where such toilets exist. Toilet and Washing Facilities. Adequate hand-washing facilities shall be provided within or adjacent to toilet room d. . c. . No artesians.The approval of the Secretary or that of his duly authorized representative is required in the following cases: a. No person charged with the management of a public water supply system shall permit any physical connection between its distribution system and that any other water supply.Standards for drinking water and their bacteriological and chemical examinations. 51. 4A Page 16 . together with the evaluation of results. Adequate and clean toilet facilities for male and female customers and personnel shall be provided in properly located areas.
If this service is not available. Motels and Apartments. and a water -sealed bowl. 4. Connection to the municipal drainage system. . Lodging.It shall be the responsibility of all cities and municipalities to provide and maintain in a sanitary state and in good repair a satisfactory system of drainage in all inhabited areas where waste water from buildings and premises could empty without causing nuisance to the community and danger to public health. 79. PALEVINO.Refuse Disposal Sec. whichever is greater.Hotels. or Tenement Houses. Occupants of buildings and residences shall. a. 65. provide a sufficient number of receptacles for refuse. Sec. . Efficiency of lifts. Nearness to place of work. b. For edifices with occupants. Condominium . It shall consist of an earthen pit. towels and napkins. b.police stations and clinics.the following conditions are applicable:chanroblesvirtuallawlibrary 1. burying. When rooms or cabin are vacated. Sec. Daily flow from mattered results. Parking facilities and playgrounds for children. and 6. shall be constructed to provide comfort and privacy for the users of the privy. Wooden floors and seat risers shall not be used.The septic tank capacity may be determined from the estimated unit flow contained in Table I "Quantities of Sewage Flow". Sec. Determination of Septic Tanks Capacity. 3. Sanitary Privies.a. Marinet O.CODE STUDY ON CORPORATE BUILDING DESIGN CHAPTER XIV . The storage. Refuse shall be disposed through a municipal collection service. the choice for sites should consider availability of bus and taxi transportation services. sanitary landfill or any method approved by the local health authority. 77. 2. Boarding. disposal shall be by incineration. based on adequate detention time interval resulting in efficient sedimentation.A suitable building. . preparation and serving of food to customers shall be in accordance with the standards prescribed in Chapter III of this Code. Customers shall be provided with clean linen such as bedsheets. their toilets or baths shall sanitized and clean and fresh linen shall be provided before the room or cabin is rented for occupancy. Responsibility of cities and municipalities . 83. Refuse in receptacles shall be protected against vermin and other animals. pillow cases. BS Ar. d. b. 4A Page 17 . a. 78. 2. The pit shall be at least one meter square. f. 3. a floor covering the pit.Building or premises producing wastes water shall be connected to the municipal drainage system in all areas where it exists. Excreta Disposal and Drainage. b. CHAPTER XVII .The following provisions are applicable. It shall be so constructed in order that fecal matter and urine will be deposited into the earthen pit which shall be completely fly-proof. Additional Requirements. SEC. The water-sealed bowl shall be joined to the floor so as to form a water-tight and insect proof joint. schools. may be used as estimated flow when available.The floor should cover the pit tightly to prevent the entrance of flies. and Condominiums. Hotels and Motels 1. c. Availability of low-cost goods.The privy recommended for use is the sanitary privy. It shall be constructed of concrete or other impervious material. Drainage. 5. CHAPTER XVIII . e. . the number of persons to be served shall be computed on the number of rooms with each room considered as occupied by two persons or in the basis of the actual number of persons served by the tank. It shall conform with the following minimum requirements: a.Sewage Collection and Disposal. Facilities for refuse disposal and cleanliness of buildings. Special Provisions.
C3E. Refuse shall not be thrown i any street. High Density Residential/Mixed Use Zones (R-3. composed of R-2A and R-2B subzones) c. Institutional Recreational Zone (REC-2) c. Zoning Map. Recreational Zones: a. Cemetery Zone (CEM) 9. Parks. composed of R-3A. Sports Club Recreational Zone (REC-3) 6. location. and boundaries of the zones and subzones herein established are shown and indicated. C-3G. R-3B. the City is hereby divided into the following zones and subzones as shown in the Official Zoning Map. C-1B and C1-C subzones) b. To effectively carry out the objectives of this Zoning Ordinance. 1. Riverside Development Zone (RDZ) 7. Makati City Residential Subzones Map 4 PALEVINO. composed of C-3A. composed of C2A and C-2B subzones) c. Institutional Zones: a. Makati City Zoning Map 2. Division into Zones and Subzones. C4G. C-3B. C-4E. Low Density Residential Zone (R-1) b. Makati City Commercial Subzones Map 3. C-3C. R-3C. General Park Zone (REC-1) b. R-3D. Low Density Commercial/Mixed Use Zone (C-1. Government Center Zone (GCZ) 5.' e. Article IV ZONE CLASSIFICATIONS AND BOUNDARIES SECTION 7. C-3D. park or any body of water. The Official Zoning Map has four components: 1. Medium Density Commercial/Mixed Use Zone (C-2. It shall be stored suitable container while awaiting its final disposal. and C-4H subzones) 3. Marinet O. composed of C-1A. C-4B. C-4D.CODE STUDY ON CORPORATE BUILDING DESIGN c. and R-3E subzones) 2. It is hereby adopted as an integral part of this Ordinance. C-4C. General Institutional/Mixed Use Zone (INS-1) b. the Official Zoning Map for Makati City. SUBJECT TO ALL LEGAL AND EXISTING RULES AND REGULATIONS. and C-3H subzones) d. plazas and streets adjacent to public buildings shall be kept clean by the local government concerned. 4A Page 18 . ENFORCEMENT AND AMENDMENT THEREOF AND FOR THE REPEAL OF ALL ORDINANCES IN CONFLICT THEREWITH. Open Space (OPN) 8. Such Official Zoning Map shall be signed by the City Mayor and duly authenticated by the HLRB/Sangguniang Panlungsod. Commercial Zones: a. d. Utility Zone (UTL) SECTION 8. Streets shall be kept clean by occupants or owners of properties lining the street from the line of the property to the middle of the street and from one property to the other. BS Ar. wherein the designation. sidewalk. C-3F. AN ORDINANCE ADOPTING ZONING REGULATIONS FOR MAKATI CITY AND PROVIDING FOR THE ADMINISTRATION. yard. Central Business District Zone (C-4. Military Institutional/Mixed Use Zone (INS-2) 4. C-4F. composed of C-4A. Medium Density Residential/Mixed Use Zone (R-2. Residential Zones: a. High Density Commercial/Mixed Use Zone (C-3.
6. Height Regulations.) 7. commercial. Recreational. and Utility Zones/Subzones/Land Uses Map SECTION 9. 9.CODE STUDY ON CORPORATE BUILDING DESIGN 4. Riverside Development. R-3A and R-3B: i. Zone Boundaries. Cemetery. maximum FARs. Notwithstanding the designation of a zone as residential. Makati City Institutional. Government Center. the dominant use is the use that occupies the largest area of the lot. rules and regulations related to land development and building construction and the various safety codes. garden is the only Principal Use allowed. certain lots in such zones may be allowed only specific uses as prescribed in this Ordinance. R-3D. pursuant to Article V of this Ordinance. which is herewith attached as Annex B and made an integral part of this Ordinance. DENSITY AND HEIGHT REGULATIONS SECTION 11. An Accessory Use shall be allowed only with the presence of a Principal Use in the same lot. SECTION 12. Article V LAND USE. (Maximum Densities and Building Heights for each zone are summarized in a separate map. In zones where no maximum FAR is prescribed. In all cases. (LRC) Psd-277514 PALEVINO. In lots in Residential and Commercial zones where Park. 1. 4A Page 19 . and maximum lot coverages are summarized in Annex C. Allowable land uses are specified according to Principal Uses and Accessory Uses. R-3C. SECTION 16. The location and boundaries of the above mentioned zones are hereby defined in the list of Zone Boundaries. Allowable land uses. BS Ar. Open Space. (LRC) Pcs-17679. building density is limited by maximum building height and yard/setback restrictions. building height must conform to the height restrictions and requirements of the Air Transportation Office (ATO) as well as the requirements of the National Building Code. Conforming Use. The dominant use of a lot shall be determined as follows: 5 c. d. composed of subzones R-3A. The allowable land uses and maximum building densities/heights in the zones and subzones defined in this Ordinance are enumerated in the succeeding sections. 5. ordinances. Principal Uses define the dominant use of a zone/lot while Accessory Uses support the Principal Uses allowed in a zone/lot. HOTEL. design standards. R-3B Lots 1-E and 1-F. An R-3 zone shall be used primarily for high-density/high-rise dwellings and limited service support activities. which is attached herewith and made an integral part of this Ordinance. 1. 2. prescribed maximum FARs shall apply only to developable lots and not to roads and other lots or parcels of land not intended for vertical development. RESIDENTIAL INN/APARTMENT/CONDOTEL/CONDOMINIUM ii. 8. institutional. The total GFA of any building or buildings in a lot should not exceed the prescribed maximum FAR multiplied by the lot area. R-3E). sports field/court. 4. R-3B. where it shall be allowed as a Principal Use in the following lots only: R-3A Lot 2. Floor Area Ratio (FAR) is defined as the ratio between the Gross Floor Area (GFA) of a building and the area of the lot on which it is built. 3. playground. General Provisions. A use or structure that is indicated in Article V as both an Accessory Use and a Principal Use for a specific zone/lot shall be interpreted to be a Principal Use. High Density Residential Zone (R-3. Institutional Recreational Zone (REC-2). and part of the Riverside Development Zone (RDZ) in order to preserve the open character of these zones. SECTION 13. Principal Uses: a. In all other zones. the dominant use is the use that occupies the largest area of the lot. A Principal Use/s shall be the dominant use/s in a lot. Unless otherwise prescribed in this Ordinance. Maximum lot coverages are prescribed for General Park Zone (REC-1). or recreational. the Structural Code as well as all laws. maximum building heights. Building density shall be controlled by a maximum Floor Area Ratio. Marinet O. A lot shall be deemed to have a conforming use that complies with the regulations of the zone in which it is located if the dominant use of the lot is consistent with the allowable Principal and/or Accessory Uses for such zone.
ACCESSORY USES ALLOWED IN R-3A AND R-3B ii. For this purpose. depending on the space allocated for Office/Embassy and Residential use. CLUB. R-3D and R-3E: i. Residential (Residential apartment/condotel/condominium. UTILITY INSTALLATION FOR USE OF ZONE/LOT OCCUPANTS c. such restaurant. UTILITY INSTALLATION FOR USE OF ZONE/LOT OCCUPANTS b. R-3C: i. RESTAURANT. 4A Page 20 . HEALTH CENTER/CLINIC/CLUB. INSURANCE. BANK. SPORTS/RECREATION FACILITY v. PARKING STRUCTURE vi. SPORTS FIELD/COURT. Accessory Uses: a. OTHER FOOD-SERVING ESTABLISHMENT vi. ƒ Subtract actual GFA of Office/Embassy space from the maximum GFA of Office/Embassy space. GYM iii. PALEVINO. R-3B: i. CANTEEN. RESTAURANT. leaving a balance for Residential use (Note: actual GFA of Office/Embassy space should not exceed maximum GFA of Office/Embassy space). CANTEEN OR FOOD-SERVING ESTABLISHMENT. MULTI-PURPOSE HALL/ROOM iv. Office/Embassy: eight (8) ii. GYM iii. PLACE OF RELIGIOUS WORSHIP ii. BS Ar. PLAYGROUND. PLACE OF RELIGIOUS WORSHIP ii. PLAYGROUND. R-3A and R-3B: i. where it shall be allowed as a Principal Use only in R-3B Lots 1-E and 1-F.CODE STUDY ON CORPORATE BUILDING DESIGN iii. TRANSIT STATION/TERMINAL vii. MONEY EXCHANGE SERVICE ix. RETAIL STORE (not shopping center) v. GARDEN 2. DAY CARE CENTER vii. PARKING STRUCTURE x. PARK. PARKING STRUCTURE b. PERSONAL SERVICE/REPAIR viii. TRANSIT STATION/TERMINAL 9 3. provided that. MULTI-PURPOSE HALL/ROOM iv. OFFICE/EMBASSY. canteen. HEALTH CENTER/CLINIC/CLUB. any lobby or other common area or support use not specifically dedicated to Office/Embassy or Residential use shall be allocated to such uses in proportion to their GFA. The allowable GFA shall be determined as follows: ƒ Compute maximum GFA of Office/Embassy space on the basis of FAR 8. CONVENIENCE RETAIL STORE (neighborhood only) iv. (LRC) Psd-277514 iv. Hotel): sixteen (16) iii. SPORTS/RECREATION FACILITY v. SHOWROOM/DISPLAY iii. R-3C. Mixed Office/Embassy and Residential: between eight (8) and sixteen (16). R-3A: sixteen (16) b. Marinet O. RESIDENTIAL INN/APARTMENT/CONDOTEL/CONDOMINIUM ii. PARK. R-3D and R-3E: i. Maximum Floor Area Ratio a. GARDEN v. ƒ Apply a one-hundred-percent (100%) increase to the remaining balance to arrive at the maximum GFA of Residential space. CLUB. except in hotels. GENERAL SERVICE/REPAIR vii. OFFICE SUPPORT SERVICE viii. or food-serving establishment is not located on the ground or basement floor vi. FINANCE. SPORTS FIELD/COURT.
and the formulation of a master development plan that is acceptable to the affected residents and community and will guide the actual redevelopment of the area. CULTURAL/EDUCATIONAL CENTER d. and other environmental issues.P. Central Business District Zone (C-4. Section 20 (2 and 3) shall govern the Principal Uses to which such subzones/lots shall be devoted: a. PARKING STRUCTURE l. Additional Principal Uses allowed in specific C-4 subzones/lots: a. C-4D: i. Marinet O. 4A Page 21 . The results and recommendations of the study shall be used as a basis for further consultation with affected residents. Estrella Street is widened by a minimum of two lanes from Amapola to J. RESIDENTIAL CONDOMINIUM/CONDOTEL/APARTMENT. ART GALLERY i. CONVENTION/MEETINGS FACILITY j. where it shall be allowed as an additional Principal Use only in Lots 1 and PALEVINO. (LRC) Psd 215710 and Lots 1 and 2. GARDEN k. creation of appropriate buffer zones with adjacent residential lots. Amapola Street (south). MONEY EXCHANGE SERVICE c. composed of subzones C-4A. and Estrella Street (west). and C-4H). BS Ar. Camia Street (east). accessibility. PARK. HOTEL. C-4C. where it shall be allowed as an additional Principal Use only in Lots 2-A-2A and 2-A-2-B. Pcs-00-007133 c. COLLEGE/UNIVERSITY. Conditional R-3C Classification in Guadalupe Viejo Area: The REC-3 zone bounded by Gumamela Street (north). INSURANCE. except that for certain subzones/lots. LIBRARY. RESIDENTIAL CONDOMINIUM/CONDOTEL/APARTMENT ii. where it shall be allowed as an additional Principal Use only in: Lots 1 and 2. protection of existing trees. 1. C-4C: i. c. Non-compliance with these conditions means that the REC-3 zone classification of the affected lots is retained. SPECIALTY SCHOOL/TRAINING FACILITY e.CODE STUDY ON CORPORATE BUILDING DESIGN c. (LRC) Pcs-18131. additional road widening. This central business district zone shall be used primarily for high density office and residential developments on a metropolitan scale of operations. MUSEUM. PUBLIC UTILITY FACILITY 13 2. b. SECTION 20. MEDIA SERVICE n. with miscellaneous support uses. EXHIBIT AREA. PLACE OF RELIGIOUS WORSHIP f. and specific land use controls. SPORTS FIELD/COURT. UTILITY INSTALLATION FOR USE OF ZONE/LOT OCCUPANTS o. An environmental impact study of the classification of the REC-3 zone into R-3C subzone shall be conducted by a reputable consulting firm/s. shall be classified as an R3C subzone subject to the following conditions: a. Rizal Street. C-4G. utilities. COMPUTER/INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY-RELATED SERVICE ACTIVITY m. R-3D: nine (9) e. Psd-00-034959 ii. OFFICE b. C-4D. R-3E: twelve (12) 4. C-4B: HOTEL. Principal Uses allowed in C-4 zone. Such study should include an assessment of the impact of the classification on traffic. and the identification of appropriate mitigation measures such as restriction/regulation of lot access from Estrella Street. and Lot 4-B1. C-4E. GENERAL/SPECIALIZED HOSPITAL. AUDITORIUM/THEATER/PERFORMANCE CENTER (not commercial cinema) h. HOTEL d. R-3C: six (6) d. BANK. where it shall be allowed as an additional Principal Use only in Lot 1. RADIO/TELEVISION STATION. MEDICAL CENTER g. FINANCE. C-4A: HOTEL. C-4B. C-4F. PLAYGROUND. (LRC) Psd-293128 b.
C-4E and C-4F i. Block 2. or Parking/parking structure. C-4H: i. PETROL FILLING KIOSK. (LRC) Pcs-8496. 4A Page 22 . GARDEN. and 4.2. sports field/court. RESIDENTIAL UNIT AT PENTHOUSE LEVEL ONLY. PLACE OF RELIGIOUS WORSHIP. CULTURAL AND EDUCATIONAL CENTER. 3. Lot 9. Additional Accessory Uses allowed in C-4 lots where the Primary Use is limited to either Medical center. Block 14. Lot 2 Pcs00008307 iv. (LRC) Pcs-6254 iii. or Arnaiz Avenue f. k. Lot 1. Principal Uses which shall be the only Principal Use allowed in the following lots: a. Block 13. where it shall be the only Principal Use allowed in: Lots 1-9 Block 17. C-4A. with no other service/retail activity. 3. TRANSIT STATION/TERMINAL 5. and C-4G ii. COLLEGE/UNIVERSITY/EDUCATIONAL RESEARCH CENTER. where it shall be allowed as an Accessory Use only in: i. where it shall be allowed as an additional Principal Use only in lots fronting Edsa or Gil Puyat Avenue 3. CLUB/MULTI-PURPOSE HALL/ROOM d. (LRC) Psd 30865 b. (LRC) Psd-26990 only b. C-4B: MEDICAL CENTER. PARKING/PARKING STRUCTURE. where it shall be the only Principal Use allowed in the following lots: ƒ Lot 1. Psd-007602-029408-D ƒ Lot 2. where it shall be allowed as an additional Principal Use only in lots fronting Gil Puyat Avenue. PERSONAL SERVICE/REPAIR 14 j. (LRC) Pcs-6820. PLAYGROUND. HEALTH CENTER/CLINIC/CLUB. shall be allowed only within parking areas/structures. BS Ar. and Lot 4-B-1. with no other retail/service activity. Marinet O. where it shall be the only Principal Use allowed in: Lot 1 Pcs-00-007739. Block 15. OFFICE SUPPORT SERVICE. C-4B. RESIDENTIAL CONDOMINIUM/CONDOTEL/APARTMENT ii. where it shall be the only Principal Use allowed in Lot 1. GYM c. where it shall be the only Principal Use allowed in Lot 2-A-1-A.CODE STUDY ON CORPORATE BUILDING DESIGN 2. PETROL FILLING/SERVICE STATION. Lots 2 and 3. Psd-00-034959 e. Place of religious worship. SPORTS FIELD/COURT. playground. (LRC) Pcs-18131. Except in lots where Petrol/filling station is allowed as a Principal Use. Lots 1. (LRC) Pcs-6820. DANCE/VOICE/MUSIC. 2. RESIDENTIAL CONDOMINIUM/CONDOTEL/APARTMENT ii. (LRC) Psd-209535 ƒ Lot 3-A. utility facility. SHOWROOM/DISPLAY g. (LRC) Pcs-8081. College/university/educational research center. OTHER SPECIALTY STUDIO e. UTILITY FACILITY. DAY CARE CENTER h. (LRC) Pcs1282 ii. Psd-007602-029408-D ƒ Lot 1. SPORTS/RECREATION FACILITY f. garden. Amorsolo Street. Accessory Uses: a. as specified in Section 20 (3) of this Ordinance: PALEVINO. a Petrol filling kiosk. C-4D: Lots 1. Cultural and educational center. C-4E and C-4F: i. COMMUNITY/ASSOCIATION OFFICE i. Psd-13-012797 4. This Accessory Use shall be subject to applicable government and other safety regulations. PETROL FILLING/SERVICE STATION.
CANTEEN OR FOOD-SERVING ESTABLISHMENT The additional accessory uses listed above (Article V. existing at the time of the approval of this Ordinance. exclusive of the Gross Floor Area occupied by restaurants. c. The retail permit fee shall not be required in connection with the operation of new or existing retail stores. restaurant. service and other facilities for public use will be required as a condition for the establishment of the accessory uses listed in Article V. service and other facilities for public use. pedestrian. canteen or other food-serving establishment. 15 PALEVINO. Nothing in this Ordinance shall prohibit a lot owner or building owner from shifting the obligation to pay the retail permit fee required under this Ordinance to the owner or operator of the retail store. canteens. The total Gross Floor Area occupied by the additional accessory uses does not exceed onefifth (0. PLACE OF RELIGIOUS WORSHIP b. a one-time retail permit fee is hereby imposed under the following conditions: i. to Side Streets or Principal Streets as defined in Annex B. 4A Page 23 . d. Additional Accessory Uses allowed in C4 lots: CONVENIENCE/RETAIL STORE (neighborhood scale only). The retail permit fee shall be due from and payable by: (1) every lot owner or building owner who seeks to convert the use of the ground floor or basement of his building to retail use by allowing a new retail store seeking to sell non-food items.20) FAR. These additional accessory uses shall be allowed subject to the following conditions: a. In C4-H subzone. Improvements in parking. The retail permit fee shall be due from and payable by a lot owner or building owner under sub-clause (i)(3) hereof upon the renewal in 2001 of the business permit of the retail store. and RESTAURANT. Section 34 (2) of this Ordinance. SPORTS FIELD/COURT. canteen or other food-serving establishment to operate in the ground floor or basement of his building. Malugay Street and Metropolitan Avenue. PLAYGROUND. canteens. BS Ar. Vehicular entrances and exits shall further comply with the provisions of Article VI. b. Marinet O. canteen or other food-serving establishment. For the purpose of creating a fund for the construction. PARK. (2) every lot owner or building owner who seeks to convert the use of the upper floors of his building from the second floor to retail use by allowing a new retail store seeking to sell non-food items to operate in any of the upper floors. vehicular/service access to the additional accessory uses shall be limited to Jupiter Street. Section 20 (6) in C4 lots. Vehicular/service access required by these additional accessory uses is limited to Access and Service Roads. or in the absence of frontage to such Access or Service Roads. PUBLIC UTILITY FACILITY 6. iii. restaurants.CODE STUDY ON CORPORATE BUILDING DESIGN a. canteen or other foodserving establishment. shall cater principally to its immediate. and (3) every lot owner or building owner who at the time of the approval of this Ordinance has allowed an existing retail store selling non-food items to operate in any of the floors of his building. ii. pedestrian-based community. The retail permit fee shall be due from and payable by a lot owner or building owner under sub-clauses (i)(1) and (i)(2) hereof upon the issuance of the occupancy permit for the new retail store or new restaurant. or a new restaurant. UTILITY INSTALLATION FOR USE OF ZONE/LOT OCCUPANTS e. canteen or other food-serving establishment. or who at the time of the approval of this Ordinance has allowed an existing restaurant. and food-serving establishments in Hotels. pedestrian. restaurant. to operate in the ground or basement of his building. Section 20-6) are intended to encourage pedestrian traffic in lieu of vehicular traffic and. PARKING STRUCTURE d. GARDEN c. therefore. and food-serving establishments located at and/or above the second floor of a building. installation and establishment of the necessary improvements in parking.
C-4B. ƒ Subtract actual GFA of Non-residential space from the maximum GFA of Non-residential space. commencing in 2001: provided that. A lot owner or building owner who has paid or who has caused the payment of the retail permit fee in a given year in accordance with the requirements of this Ordinance shall not be liable for the payment of a retail permit fee in subsequent years. the increase shall be subject to review and adjustment. vi. C-4E and C-4F: i. The retail permit fee to be paid in the year in which this Ordinance is approved shall be Pesos Two Thousand (P 2. Mixed Non-residential and Residential: between eight (8) and sixteen (16). pedestrian. that exceed the 0. and C-4D: sixteen (16) b. ƒ Apply a one-hundred-percent (100%) increase to the remaining balance to arrive at the maximum GFA of Residential space. C-4H: six (6). pedestrian. Marinet O.20) FAR. C-4C. depending on the space allocated for Non-residential and Residential use. if all affected lots within C-4H subzone provide the right-of-way to allow for: i. In this case. and ii. provided that the relevant instrument allocating such area for road connection and widening is annotated on the Certificate of Title for such lot) e.CODE STUDY ON CORPORATE BUILDING DESIGN iv. Nothing in this Ordinance shall prohibit a lot owners’ association from requiring the payment of a special assessment from any member who wishes to avail itself of any of these accessory uses allowed under Article V Section 20-6 and from using these special assessments to fund improvements in parking. 4A Page 24 . For this purpose. exclusive of restaurants. any lobby or other common area or support use not specifically dedicated to either Nonresidential or Residential use shall be allocated to such uses in proportion to their GFA.5 meters.20 FAR limit. or other food serving establishments located at and/or above the second floor of a building. or other food-serving establishments. Residential (Residential condominium/condotel. the allowable GFA shall be determined as follows: ƒ Compute maximum GFA of Non-residential space on the basis of FAR 8.000. For all lots in C-4 zone. 7. except for those in Hotels. beginning year 2005 and at the end of every successive five-year period thereafter. service and other facilities for public use as part of the private sector initiative. Retail permit fees shall be deposited in a special fund which shall be used solely to finance the improvement of parking. provided that. Hotel): sixteen (16) iii. future widening of Malugay and Jupiter Streets by a minimum of 4. the area allocated for the road connection and widening in each lot shall be included in the computation of the maximum FAR of the lot. canteens. then lots within C-4H subzone will be governed by a maximum FAR of eight (8). Existing retail stores or restaurants. c. (However.00) per square meter of the Gross Floor Area equivalent to one-fifth (0. the GFA devoted exclusively for permanent use as PALEVINO. BS Ar. C-4A. v. leaving a balance for Residential use (Note: actual GFA of Non-residential space should not exceed maximum GFA of Nonresidential space). c. service and other facilities for public use. Maximum Floor Area Ratio: a. C-4G: twelve (12) d. canteens. Non-residential: eight (8) ii. construction of a full width (at least 4 lanes) road connection between Malugay and Jupiter Streets. apartment. The amount of the retail permit fee shall increase by ten percent (10%) annually. shall be considered non-conforming uses and shall be subject to the provisions of Section 48 of this Ordinance. as maybe necessary.
Area regulation in all zones shall conform to the minimum requirements of the following statutes and regulations: 1. all buildings and structures must provide for the minimum parking. rules 22and regulations. the parking requirements specified in this Section may be adjusted to take into account the timing differences in the parking needs of the individual uses through application of the provisions of Rule XIX of the National Building Code wherein 100% of the parking requirements of the dominant use and only 50% of the parking requirements of each of the non-dominant uses shall be provided. C-3D. iii. PALEVINO. PD 957 . C-3F. and C-4 zone/subzone must comply with the following requirements: 1. C-3H.“Promulgation of Different Levels of Standards and Technical Requirements for Economic and Socialized Housing Projects” and its revised implementing rules and regulations. If the dominant use is not subject to parking requirements.the “Subdivision and Condominium Buyers’ Protective Law” and its revised implementing rules and regulations. vehicular entrance and exit. ballroom and. Parking. then 100% of the parking requirements of the next most dominant use and only 50% of the parking requirements of each of the other non-dominant uses shall be provided. BS Ar. and service entrance requirements specified in the National Building Code and other applicable laws. Sanitation Code. 3. and Service Entrance Regulations. iv. Marinet O. Buildings and structures located in R-3A. R-3B. ƒ minimum 1. ƒ minimum 1. ƒ minimum 1. museum. C-3G.CODE STUDY ON CORPORATE BUILDING DESIGN theater/performance center (non-commercial cinema use). SECTION 30. and ƒ minimum 1. Buildings and structures located in R-3. however. coffee shops. or land shall hereafter be occupied or used and no building or structure or part thereof shall be constructed or structurally altered except in conformity with the provisions of this Ordinance. Area Regulations.0 parking slot per 50 sqm of GFA of meeting rooms.0 parking slot per 50 sqm of the GFA of retail shops on Hotel premises. 5. Parking: a. Building or Structure Use. EO 648. access street. C-3H and C-4 zone/subzone.0 parking slot per 25 sqm of GFA of the health club. and C-4 zone/subzone must comply with the following requirements: i. and other Food Serving Establishments where these are allowed as defined in Article V. BP 200 . and regulations promulgated by the national agencies concerned. C-3G. Vehicular Entrance and Exit. Restaurants. For Convenience Retail Stores.0 parking slot per 100 square meters (sqm) of GFA. For buildings in lots where three or more Principal Uses are permitted. structure. v. For other uses: National Building Code provisions. Plumbing Code. For Residential or Office use: minimum 1. Except for buildings and structures located in R-3. C-3E. Section 20 (6): minimum 1. SECTION 34.0 parking slot per 5 guest rooms. 2. shall the total area excluded from the computation of the maximum allowable FAR for this purpose exceed 0. and art gallery shall be excluded from the computation of the maximum allowable FAR. No building.0 parking slot per 15 sqm of seating area in restaurants.National Building Code and its Implementing Rules and Regulations. 4. C-3E. miscellaneous food shops. In no case.25 parking slot per 100 square meters (sqm) of GFA. For Hotel use: ƒ minimum 1. Fire Code. C-3F. PD 1096 . Canteens. ii. 4A Page 25 . Article VI GENERAL ZONE REGULATIONS SECTION 29. C-3D.5 FAR. Structural Code.
In the C1-C subzone bounded by Estrella Street (east). but the exit must always be along an Access Road within C-4D. d. Buildings and structures located in R-3C. In C-4G. R-3E. h. vehicular entrances and exits shall not be allowed along curves. In C-4A and C-4B. where the size of the unit is below 100 sqm GFA ii. where the size of the unit is over 100 sqm GFA ƒ fixed 1. C-3G. g. Temporary surface parking may be allowed in any lot. Vehicular exits of buildings in C-4A and C4B in every case must always be along a Side Street. vehicular entrances and exits shall not be allowed along Ayala Avenue. In C-4C.0 meters for parallel parking.0 parking slot per unit. f. in Block 4. R-3D. a lot facing Gil Puyat Avenue may have its vehicular entrance (but not exit) on the side of the lot facing Gil Puyat Avenue. Amapola Street (north). 4A Page 26 . In C-4H. vehicular entrances (but not exits) are allowed along Gil Puyat Avenue. c.0 parking slots per 100 sqm GFA v. However. R-1 lots PALEVINO. For Retail use (including retail outlets. However. For Residential use in R-3C. must have a minimum setback of ten (10) meters from any street. In R-3A. where the size of the unit is 100 sqm GFA and above ƒ maximum 2. C-3E. but exits must always be along a Service Road. In C-4D.0 parking slot per 10 guest rooms c. entrances and exits are allowed along a Service Road at the back of a lot. street corners. d. vehicular entrances (but not exits) may be allowed on the side of the lot facing Paseo de Roxas or Makati Avenue. C-3G. For Office use: minimum 1. or along Makati Avenue or Paseo de Roxas. entrances and exits are allowed along Jupiter Street. and C-3H subzone: ƒ minimum 1. R-3D.0 parking slot per 100 sqm GFA iv. a lot in these villages which faces a Principal Street but does not have a frontage along a Service Road may have a vehicular exit along a Principal Street. if any. Parking buildings and structures. Paseo de Roxas. etc. 2.0 meters by 6. and street intersections. BS Ar.0 meters for perpendicular or diagonal parking. f. C-3D. vehicular entrances may be allowed along a Principal Street or Service Road. cinemas.0 parking slot per 100 sqm of aggregate GFA.CODE STUDY ON CORPORATE BUILDING DESIGN b. The automobile parking slot should not be less than twelve (12) sqm in area. Vehicular Entrances and Exits: 23 a. and C-3H subzone must comply with the following requirements: i. For Residential use in C-3D. However. vehicular entrances and exits shall not be allowed along Makati Avenue. e. i. C-3F. provided the lack of access to a Service Road is not due to a consolidation and resubdivision of lots. Service driveways should provide unobstructed ingress and egress to and from the parking slot at all times.0 parking slot per 100 sqm GFA of aggregate GFA. In all cases. vehicular entrances and exits may be allowed on any side of the property facing Ayala Avenue. (LRC) Psd-6132 and Plan (LRC) Pcs-1332 along Paseo de Roxas and Makati Avenue. j. C-3F. the Access Road within each block De La Rosa Street or Valero Street. Ramps to parking structures are excluded from this requirement. where the size of the unit is below 100 sqm iii. C-3E. Marinet O. vehicular entrances shall not be allowed along Gil Puyat Avenue and Ayala Avenue Extension. In C-4E and C-4F. e.0 parking slot per unit. b. vehicular entrances shall not be allowed on the side of the property facing Ayala Avenue and Paseo de Roxas. Dropped curb (mountablesidewalk) parking slots that are directly accessed from the street without entering an internal driveway shall not be permitted.): 1. tandem parking for two (2) cars only may be permitted. and R-3E zone: ƒ minimum 1.0 parking slots per unit. or Valero Street. and 2.4 meters by 5. For Hotel use: minimum 1. where the size of the unit is 100 sqm GFA and above ƒ minimum 1. In R-3B. restaurants. Loading and unloading platforms. Vehicular entrances from and exits to Gil Puyat Avenue shall not be allowed. podiums or basements used for parking may be constructed flush with the property line up to the maximum lot area allowed under the National Building Code. measuring 2.
which shall connect to Estrella Street by a maximum of two vehicular driveways between EDSA and Amapola Street. Porte cochere or covered walks from the main entrance of the building proper to the street curb shall be allowed. EDSA (south). casings. foundations. In R-1 and R-2B zone/subzone. however. drainage canal or culvert. rules. b. Large Advertising and Business Signs that are painted on walls of buildings shall not be allowed. 4A Page 27 .CODE STUDY ON CORPORATE BUILDING DESIGN (west). be at the building owner’s risk and shall in no way vest the owner with the ownership or right to the use and occupancy of the ground and space projected upon. SECTION 36. C-4D. However. The following provisions shall also apply: 1. vehicular access shall be limited to an internal service road. C-4B. installation of ground-level or elevated covered walkways. with one entrance/exit driveway each from Nicanor Garcia Street and Jupiter Street. elevated. l. no vehicular entrances to and exits from lots along Edsa shall be allowed. Signs. Service Roads. Exemption of Covered Walkways from GFA Computation. 3. C-4C. vehicular access to the lots shall be allowed only from a rear service road. d. In R-2B. Signs to be displayed or put up for public view. In the C1-C subzone bounded by Nicanor Garcia Street (east). and regulations. shall be allowed to project up to fifty-five (55) centimeters outside the property line. except in C4A. shall not be allowed to project beyond the property line. no vehicular entrances to and exits from lots along McKinley Road shall be allowed except for those that are already existing as of the time that this Ordinance takes effect. or underground walkway (pedestrian underpass) that should be included in the computation of GFA as defined in Annex A. eaves. Canopies. the GFA of a covered ground-level. and the construction and location of eaves. In R-2A subzone. Foundations or footings of a building on the side where the façade of the building coincides with the property line. canopies. Paseo de Roxas or any other street where the façade of the building coincides with the property line. Service Entrances: All the service entrances for utilities shall be conducted into the building by means of underground conduits or pipes from the main service lines. a water pump may be installed to draw water from a ground storage tank of adequate capacity supplied by natural pressure from the water main. k. porte cochere or covered walkways. 2. installation or repair of utilities underneath the sidewalk underneath the sidewalk. 24 c. The walkway links directly and is part of an existing or planned local (city-. 3. In R-3 and C-4 zones: a. or district-wide) PALEVINO. zone-. canopies. In zones/lots covered by a maximum FAR. no Roof Sign shall be allowed. A water pump directly connected to the water main is not allowed. or any similar improvements. where the foundations or footings of a building on the side fronting Ayala Avenue. Eaves. n. In R-1 and R-2B. SECTION 35. CEM zone (north and west). Building Projections. and Covered Walkway Regulations. streets or roads designated herein as Principal Streets. Marinet O. provided that the walkway fulfills all of the following requirements: 1. and other building projections must comply with the National Building Code and other applicable laws. Jupiter Street (south). shall be excluded from the computation of the maximum allowable GFA of the lot where such walkway is built. BS Ar. Business. Advertising and Business Signs. Such porte cochere or covered walk shall be removed by the owner if and when the same shall stand in the way of street widening. Foundations or footings of a building in any area which are close to a creek. Such allowable projections outside the property shall. m. or Roof Sign shall be allowed. no Advertising. and shall be at least two (2) meters away from the creek. casings or any similar architectural or structural features shall not be allowed to project outside the property line. but shall in no case be permanent in nature or be considered an appropriation of the air space so as to serve as a basis for prescription. Access Roads or Side Streets (as the case may be) are listed in Annex B. For C-4 subzones. drainage canal or existing culvert shall not be less than two (2) meters deep.
provided that commercial advertising signs. SECTION 39. C-1. as defined in Article V of this Ordinance. The walkway is used primarily for non-revenue public pedestrian passage. GCZ zone or INS subzone. elevated. The maximum allowable GFA for any building on a lot may be increased by transfer to such lot (hereinafter referred to as the Development Lot) of GFA that is allowed under Article V of this Ordinance but is not used by an adjacent lot (hereinafter referred to as the Transfer Lot). The sum of the GFA in the Transfer Lot and the Development Lot does not exceed the sum of the allowable maximum GFA of the two lots. erection of more than one principal structure. (1-5) of this Ordinance is met. 4. and 5. 25 Provided further that if the Transfer Lot contains a building or structure that has been certified by the City government and the National Historical Institute as a historical building. as defined in Article V of this Ordinance. shall be observed. In this case. structure or landmark that should be preserved. and subject to the specific approval of the Building Official. shall be annotated on the respective titles of the Transfer Lot and the Development Lot. to show that the building/s resulting from the transfer will not cause substantial congestion or inconvenience or disrupt access and delivery of services to adjacent properties and the vicinity. 3. C-4. PALEVINO. The Development Lot and the Transfer Lot are located in the same R-3. C-3.CODE STUDY ON CORPORATE BUILDING DESIGN pedestrian network. provided that: 1. C-2. GFA that has been transferred to a Development Lot cannot be re-transferred except to the original Transfer Lot. The walkway is well-lighted and secured throughout the period that it is open for public use. The covered ground-level. as determined by the Building Official.D. Marinet O. the transfer allows an increase in the allowable GFA in the Development Lot by the same amount. public payphones. then the Development Lot and the Transfer Lot need not be adjacent or be located in the same subzone/zone. and three (3) meters if it is elevated or underground. The walkway has a minimum clear width of at least two (2) meters if it is at the ground level. 3. 6. dwelling on rear lots. 5. The owner/developer of the Development Lot provides sufficient technical basis. and the total GFA of the building/s on the Transfer Lot. Transfer of Development Rights. Specific provisions stipulated in the National Building Code (P. the maximum amount of GFA that can be transferred from the Transfer Lot to the Development Lot shall be twenty thousand (20.000) square meters. Transfer of GFA from a Transfer Lot reduces the amount of GFA that can be built in the Transfer Lot by the amount of GFA transferred. newsstands. or underground walkway may also be allowed to extend into prescribed setbacks provided that Section 36. structure or landmark that should be preserved. 1096) as amended and its implementing rules and regulations. 2. The maximum GFA available for transfer to a Development Lot is equal to the difference between the allowable maximum GFA of the Transfer Lot. including the preservation of the building or structure in the Transfer Lot if such building has been certified by the City government and the National Historical Institute as a historical building. BS Ar. the building/s resulting from the transfer complies with the land use and all other provisions of this Ordinance. 4. and other similar activities that do not significantly disrupt pedestrian flow shall be allowed. Specific Provisions in the National Building Code. access yard requirements and dwelling groups which are not in conflict with the provisions of the Zoning Ordinance. 4A Page 28 . business signs. SECTION 37. thereto relevant to traffic generators. The walkway is open for the use of the general public at least during a period that starts before and extends after regular working hours. These conditions. 2. likewise. Except for the maximum FAR prescribed in Article V of this Ordinance.
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