IMPORTANT FEATURES OF ORNAMNTAL GARDEN

S.ESWARA REDDY Lawn It forms the background colour in the garden picture against which the colour of the shrubberies and flower beds are brought into relief. Whether the garden is big or small, it should have a lawn. The beauty of a garden largely depends on the condition of the lawn. The lawn should be sown only to a single species of grass so as to give a uniform colour. Eg.: Cynodon dactylon , Zysoia japonica, Dichandra repens etc. Shrubberies and Shrub borders If the shrub plants are grown in a row and not trimmed, the features is called as shrub border. Borders are planted with a mixture of different species of plants. The shrub borders are planted along the wall or in front of the fence or a tree and also to screen of untidy places. If number of shrubs is ground together but is not in a row, the feature is known as shrubbery. Eg. Hibiscus rosasinensis, Acalypha spp. Cestrum nocturunm, Cestrum diumum Poinsetiia, Pulcherrima Gardenia jasmenodles, Codeaum variegatum etc. Flowerbeds It is another important garden feature. These are also known as annual flowerbeds and they are generally planted with annuals or herbaceous perennials, which are treated as annuals. A flowerbed may be of any shape preferably geometrical. They should be planted a song like species and variety so that each bed is of a single colour. A flower bed should be behind a lawn or at lease should have stripe of lawn in front of it. The

plants in a flowers bed should be close enough together so that the soil of the bed cannot be through the plants. Eg. Marigold, Zinnia, Gaillaridia, Phlox, Salvia, Celosia, Aster etc. Carpet beds Plants of different coloured foliage which can be clipped close to the ground are chosen for planting in an intricate design on the ground. Such feature is known as carpet bed. Lettering with plants is also carpet bed. The design may be conventional, geometrical or a map or clock or a sundial. Occasionally dwarf flowering plants may also be used for carpet bedding. Eg. Casuarina, Duranta repens, Murraya exotica, Polyalthia longifolia, Thuja oreitnal, Bougainvillea spp. etc. Fern house / Fernery / Conservatory Plants of the humid tropical, sub-tropical and temperature regions can not be grown in the open in the plains exposed to glaring sun such shade loving plants are grown in a structure called the fern house. It is usually a roofed house supported by stone pillars or any other strong frame work and may be round, hexagonal, octagonal or rectangular tub is constructed and is filled with water to as to increase humidity inside. This also facilitates watering of potted plants. The beauty of a fernary depends on the proper arrangements of the plants. Plants like ferns, begonia, anthuriums, caladiums, dieffenbachia, dracaena, palms etc are hung from the roof. On hills and in cooler climates special construction of glass are necessary to provide warmth for the tropical and subtropical plants which can not be grown in the open. These are mainly to protect the plants from frost. These glass structures are called glass houses. Orchids

These are humid tropical and subtropical plants loving shade. These are becoming garden favorites because the flowers have gregarious colours. They often assume shapes of birds, moths, and butterflies. There are two types of orchids. Terrestrial orchids and epiphytic orchids are epiphytic orchids. Terrestrial orchids are those, which grown in soil. The epiphytic orchids grown on branches of trees having their roots exposed to air from which they absorb moisture. Most orchids develop pseudo bulbs and storage of water and food as a measure against drought. Eg. Dendrobium spp.Spider orchids, Chain Orchids, etc. Pot galleries Circular galleries constructed of masonry. On the steps of which potted plants are arranged. The height of each step and the pot on the lower step should be the same. The plants grown should be taller than height of the steps so that the pots and the masonry structure are both hidden behind the plants. The appearance of a mound of plants. Such gallery may be either in the open or under the shade of a tree or in the fernery. On the open galleries may be kept potted flowering plants and in the fern house may be kept several shade loving plants. Lilly pool Aquatic plants are grown in Lilly pool which may be dug in the ground as to look natural or may be constructed in cement of regular shape in cement pools there should be an inlet at the bottom and an out let below the top of the pool so that a constant level of water is materials. Fish may also be reared in these ponds to keep the water clean. Eg. Lotus, Pistia, Nymphea (water lilies), Eichornia crassipes (Water hyacinth). Rockery Planets grown in rockery situations are grown in the garden in rockery. The rockery is constructed by heaping up manure soil to a desired height embedding rocks to it. The plants are kept in the crevices between the rocks. It can be raised under a tree or separately. Generally both foliage and flowering succulents as well as xerophytes are grown on a rockery.

Eg. Opuntia, Borophytos, Sanseveria, Kalanchoe, Agave, Tradescantia, Pedilanthus, Coleus. Avenues trees and background trees Trees form the tallest feature in the garden. They are plants at the periphery of the garden so that they don’t mask the other feature. These are planted in the garden as (1) avenue (2) as background and (3) as simple specimens, In formal gardens like the Moghul style ,they are planted at side of the central waterway as a sort of avenue. As background they may be in single row or massed. Avenue trees are provided in large gardens and on both the side of wide public roads. Eg. Acasia, Albezzia lebbeck, Azadiracta indica, Bahunia purpurea, Spathodia companulata, Peltophorum ferrugenum, Cassia pistula Dalbergia sisso etc. Single specimen plants In an extensive lawn, the monotony of the lawn can be broken with the single beautiful tree without blocking the view of the other features beyond. Eg. Aurucaria cook, Ravenella madagaskarensis etc.
dr_esreddy@yahoo.co.in 18th October 2011

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