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# Chemical Engineering :: Fluid Mechanics

1. The fluid property, due to which, mercury does not wet the glass is A. B. C. D. surface tension viscosity cohesion adhesion

Laminar flow of a Newtonion fluid ceases to exist, when the Reynolds number exceeds A. C. 4000 1500 B. D. 2100 3000

When the momentum of one fluid is used for moving another fluid, such a device is called a/an A. B. C. jet pump blower acid egg

D.

none of these

The normal stress is the same in all directions at a point in a fluid, when the fluid is A. B. C. D. non-viscous. incompressible. both (a) and (b). having no motion of one fluid layer relative to the other.

Head developed by a centrifugal pump depends on its A. B. C. D. speed impeller diameter both (a) and (b) neither (a) nor (b)

Explanation: No answer description available for this question. Let us discuss. View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 6. Hydraulic mean depth (Dm) for a circular pipe of diameter 'D' flowing full is 0.25 D. For a circular channel, at Dm = 0.3 D, gives the condition for the maximum A. B. C. D. flow rate mean velocity both 'a' & 'b' neither 'a' nor 'b'

The head loss in turbulent flow in a pipe varies A. B. C. D. as velocity as (velocity)2 inversely as the square of diameter inversely as the velocity

8.

Most commonly used joint in the underground pipe lines is the A. B. C. D. sleevejoint coupling flange expansion joint

Schedule number of a pipe, which is a measure of its wall thickness, is given by A. B. C. D. 1000 P'/S 100 P'/S 1000 S/P' 10000 P'/S

Answer: Option A Explanation: No answer description available for this question. Let us discuss. View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 10. The net positive suction head (NPSH) of a centrifugal pump is defined as the sum of the velocity head and the pressure head at the A. B. discharge. suction.

C.

suction minus vapor pressure of the liquid at suction temperature. discharge minus vapor pressure of the liquid at the discharge temperature.

D.

Answer: Option C Explanation: No answer description available for this question. Let us discuss. View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 11. With increasing flow rate, the hydraulic efficiency of a centrifugal pump A. B. C. D. monotonically decreases. decreases and then increases. remains constant. increases and then decreases.

Answer: Option A Explanation: No answer description available for this question. Let us discuss. View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 12. The velocity profile for turbulent flow through a closed conduit is A. C. logarithmic hyperbolic B. D. parabolic linear

No answer description available for this question. Let us discuss. View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 13. In case of hydraulically smooth pipe, the resistance to flow depends only on the Reynolds number, whereas for a hydraulically rough pipe, the resistance to flow is governed by the relative roughness. Two pipes are said to have the same hydraulic roughness, when they have equal values of A. B. C. D. relative roughness. absolute roughness. friction co-efficient for flows at equal Reynold number. all (a), (b) & (c).

Answer: Option C Explanation: No answer description available for this question. Let us discuss. View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 14. Water hammer in a pipeline results from the A. B. C. D. bursting of pipelines due to closure by a valve. rapid pressure change due to a rapid change in the rate of flow. pressure increase due to closure of a valve resulting in decrease in rate of flow. none of these.

15. Molten soap mass is transported by a __________ pump. A. C. diaphragm gear B. D. reciprocating centrifugal

Answer: Option C Explanation: No answer description available for this question. Let us discuss. View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 16. Which of the following denotes the effect of compressibility in fluid flow ? A. B. C. D. Weber number Mach number Euler number Reynolds number

Answer: Option B Explanation: No answer description available for this question. Let us discuss. View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 17. Nominal size of the discharge pipe of a pump is usually __________ the nominal size of the inlet pipe. A. B. C. D. smaller than larger than same as twice

Answer: Option A Explanation: No answer description available for this question. Let us discuss. View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 18. The terminal velocity of a small sphere settling in a viscous fluid varies as the A. B. C. D. first power of its dimeter. inverse of the fluid viscosity. inverse square of the diameter. square of the difference in specific weights of solid & fluid.

Answer: Option B Explanation: No answer description available for this question. Let us discuss. View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 19. If the discharge of a centrifugal pump is throttled, then its suction lift A. B. C. D. increases decreases remains unchanged data insufficient to predict

Answer: Option A Explanation: No answer description available for this question. Let us discuss.

View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 20. Foot valves provided in pumps are __________ valves. A. B. C. D. relief three/four way pressure reducing directional control

Answer: Option D Explanation: No answer description available for this question. Let us discuss. View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 21. At high Reynolds number A. B. C. D. inertial forces control and viscous forces are unimportant. viscous forces predominate. inertial forces are unimportant and viscous forces control. none of these.

Answer: Option A Explanation: No answer description available for this question. Let us discuss. View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 22. Power loss in an orificemeter is __________ that in a venturimeter. A. B. less than same as

C. D.

## more than data insufficient, cannot be predicted

Answer: Option C Explanation: No answer description available for this question. Let us discuss. View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 23. The terminal velocity of a particle moving through a fluid varies as dpn. What is the value of n' for Newton's law regime ? A. C. 0.5 1.5 B. D. 1 3

Answer: Option A Explanation: No answer description available for this question. Let us discuss. View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 24. What is the normal range of exit cone angle of a venturimeter ? A. B. C. D. 2 to 5 7 to 15 15 to 25 >25

No answer description available for this question. Let us discuss. View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 25. The dimension of dynamic viscosity is A. C. ML-1T-1 LT-2 B. D. L2T-1 ML-1T-2

Answer: Option A Explanation: No answer description available for this question. Let us discuss. View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 26. A particle A of diameter 10 microns settles in an oil of specific gravity 0.9 and viscosity 10 poise under Stoke's law. A particle B with diameter 20 microns settling in the same oil will have a settling velocity A. B. C. D. same as that of A. one fourth as that of A. twice as that of A. four times as that of A.

Answer: Option B Explanation: No answer description available for this question. Let us discuss. View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 27. The pitot static tube does not measure the __________ pressure. A. B. static total

C. D.

## difference in static & dynamic all (a), (b) and (c)

Answer: Option D Explanation: No answer description available for this question. Let us discuss. View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 28. The fluid in which the shearing stress within it is proportional to the velocity gradient across the sheared section, is called a __________ fluid. A. B. C. D. Bingham Newtonion perfect none of these

Answer: Option C Explanation: No answer description available for this question. Let us discuss. View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 29. In fluid flow, cavitation is caused, if the A. B. C. D. fluid velocity decreases to zero. total energy decreases. both (a) and (b). flow pressure approaches its vapor pressure at the prevailing temperature.

Answer: Option D Explanation: No answer description available for this question. Let us discuss. View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 30. The ratio of the depth of flow to the hydraulic radius for the most economical trapezoidal section, in open channel flow is A. C. 0.5 1.5 B. D. 1 2

Answer: Option D Explanation: No answer description available for this question. Let us discuss. View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 31. The drag co-efficient for a bacterium moving in water at 1 mm/s, will be of the following order of magnitude (assume size of the bacterium to be 1 micron and kinematic viscosity of water to be 10-6m2/s). A. C. 24000 0.24 B. D. 24 0.44

Answer: Option D Explanation: No answer description available for this question. Let us discuss. View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 32. For Laminar flow through a packed bed, the pressure drop is proportional to (Vs is the superficial liquid velocity and Dp is the particle diameter) A. Vs/Dp2 B. Vs2/Dp2

C.

Vs2/Dp3

D.

Vs/Dp3

Answer: Option A Explanation: No answer description available for this question. Let us discuss. View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 33. The maximum delivery pressure of compressors can be upto __________ atmospheres. A. C. 10 250 B. D. 100 1000

Answer: Option D Explanation: No answer description available for this question. Let us discuss. View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 34. Dimension of surface tension is(where, F = force, L = length) A. B. C. D. FLT-1 F-1 . L F.L-2 F-2 . L

35. Which of the following is not a dimension-less parameter ? A. B. C. D. Euler number Specific gravity Fanning friction factor None of these

Answer: Option D Explanation: No answer description available for this question. Let us discuss. View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 36. Co-efficient of velocity is __________ the coefficient of discharge. A. B. C. D. less than more than equal to not related to

Answer: Option B Explanation: No answer description available for this question. Let us discuss. View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 37. All pipes of a particular nominal size have the same A. B. inside diameter outside diameter

C. D.

## thickness none of these

Answer: Option B Explanation: No answer description available for this question. Let us discuss. View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 38. For the transfer of solution of thick slurry, the pump used is a __________ pump. A. C. reciprocating diaphragm B. D. gear centrifugal

Answer: Option C Explanation: No answer description available for this question. Let us discuss. View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 39. Which of the following is not concerned with the fluid-particle interaction ? A. B. C. D. Drag co-efficient Froude number Galileo number Weber number

No answer description available for this question. Let us discuss. View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 40. Maximum theoretical suction lift for water at 15C by a centrifugal pump is 34 ft. The same for water at 90C will be __________ ft. A. C. 40 8 B. D. 34 37

Answer: Option C Explanation: No answer description available for this question. Let us discuss. View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 41. Pick out the wrong statement. A. B. C. D. Momentum transfer in laminar flow results from veclocity gradient. A fluid in equilibrium is not free from shear stress. The viscosity of a non-Newtonion fluid is a function of temperature only. both (b) and (c)

Answer: Option D Explanation: No answer description available for this question. Let us discuss. View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 42. Pressure drag does not depend upon the A. B. roughness of surface of the body. pressure of main flow only.

C. D.

length of the body in flow direction. all (a), (b) and (c)

Answer: Option D Explanation: No answer description available for this question. Let us discuss. View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 43. Dimension of absolute viscosity is A. C. ML-1T-1 ML-1T B. D. MLT-1 MLT

Answer: Option A Explanation: No answer description available for this question. Let us discuss. View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 44. __________ pumps are axial flow pumps. A. B. C. D. Turbine Propeller Diffuser none of these

No answer description available for this question. Let us discuss. View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 45. Brownian movement is prominent in the particle size range of __________ microns in case of settling of a particle in a fluid. A. B. C. D. 2 to 3 0.01 to 0.10 200 to 300 100 to 1000

Answer: Option A Explanation: No answer description available for this question. Let us discuss. View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 46. For a particle settling in water at its terminal settling velocity, which of the following is true ? A. B. C. D. Buoyancy = weight + drag Weight = buoyancy + drag Drag = buoyancy + weight Drag = weight

Answer: Option B Explanation: No answer description available for this question. Let us discuss. View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 47. A Bingham fluid of viscosity = 10 Pa.s and yield stress, 0 = 10 KPa, is shared between flat parallel plates separated by a distance of 10-3 m. The top plate is moving with a velocity of 1 m/s.

## The shear stress on the plate is A. B. C. D. 10 KPa 20 KPa 30 KPa 40 KPa

Answer: Option B Explanation: No answer description available for this question. Let us discuss. View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 48. Pick out the correct statement. A. B. C. D. A forced vortex occurs when fluid rotates as a solid about an axis. In laminar flow, Newton's law of viscosity does not apply. A free vortex occurs, when fluidrotates as a solid. In turbulent flow, there are neither cross-currents nor eddies.

Answer: Option A Explanation: No answer description available for this question. Let us discuss. View Answer Workspace Report Discuss in Forum 49. Shear stress in a fluid flowing in a round pipe A. B. varies parabolically across the cross-section. remains constant over the cross-section.

C. D.

is zero at the centre and varies linearly with the radius. is zero at the wall and increases linearly to the centre.