This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
FAR ROCKAWAY ECOLOGICAL DUNESCAPE
Shared Courtyards Protected Wildlife Nature Walks
ENGINEER STORM SURGE CHANNELS AND FLOODABLE VALLEYS
Connection to the City
Designed low land valleys and weak points in the dune serve as “zones of least resistance” and polders to hold water infiltrating the site.
Piping Plover Habitat
ACCOMMODATE VEHICULAR TRAFFIC AND FLOODABLE PARKING AREAS
P P P P
P P P P P
IDENTIFYING PUBLIC BUILDINGS
Floodable vehicle valleys connect to the city grid, and parking is integrated under elevated pedestrian building nodes.
Scrub Shrub Forest
CREATE PUBLIC PIERS / PRIMARY INFRASTRUCTURE
+ public library + power substation /community center + nature center Public Piers connect the existing community to the beachfront, create retail corridors, provide primary elevated utilities, and create a strong beachfront identity.
Seasonal Programs in the Lowlands
integrated retail spines
CREATE A CONNECTIVE PEDESTRIAN AND INFRASTRUCTURAL NETWORK
Secondary lines extend from public piers creating pedestrian and utility corridors above the floodplane, ecology, and traffic running freely below.
+1500 units of housing 16 “buildings” mixed typology
Public Library Existing School Soccer Fields
MINIMIZE CONSTRUCTION FOOTPRINT
Power Substation / Community Center
The design condenses 1500 units into 16 high efficiency “buildings.” Architecturally these buildings are expressed as townhouses, midrise buildings, and bungalows.
These clusters of density allow for minimized site coverage, foster neighborliness, support efficient energy distribution and cogeneration opportunities.
MAXIMIZE NATURAL ECOLOGY
backdune scrub shrub community fruting trees wet meadow foredune
TO MAKE A RESILIENT COASTAL COMMUNITY
MINIMIZE HUMAN FOOTPRINT
Connected ecological corridors with varieties of lowland and highlands pull the nature preserve through the site, provide public recreational amenities, integrate natural ecology into daily life, and engender the neighborhood with a strong coastal character.
Efficient density minimizes built area, minimizes site work, maximizes energy effiency, and fosters neighborhood communities.
MAXIMIZE ECOLOGICAL POTENTIAL
BE A GOOD NEIGHBOR
Use natural site ecology to manage storm water, to preserve and support local natural ecology, and create coastal character.
Foster community resilience within the community and with our neighbors. Be a source for development for the Rockaways, create strong intercommunity connections and and provide a safe haven in times of crisis.
Use building and planning techiques that accept and plans for change over time.
CREATE BEAUTIFUL SPACES
Create a site character that builds and sustains the development and the greater community and keeps people coming.
FAR ROCKAWAY ECOLOGICAL DUNESCAPE
Energy Path to a Resilient Future
GY NE R E N LI Y E LOOD C F EN RG BOVE E IS M E EA ON I N I T SP ULA ED C R CI SERV PRE S SA E T RA CY OPE RGEN O T E EM LTER HE T SHE PORT YS SUP KAWA C RO
A resilient community is a connected community. Higher density development fosters the interdependency of buildings and residents within a neighborhood while creating opportunities for decentralized district services. Other advantages and opportunities include: -Reduced building envelope area( less heat loss through conduction and air in ltration) -Cogeneration, which makes use of waste heat from the production of electricity for heating or cooling. -Shared resources, potentially including backup energy and water storage. -Close-knit communities and neighborhood organizations able to quickly respond to disturbances.
*Energy Model based on a Typical “Building” Node of 34 Townhouses
Dense condo buildings allow for e cient use of cogeneration
Apartments utilize e cient appliances, lighting, and daylight harvesting to reduce internal energy demands
Energy Path to a Resilient Future
AGGREGATE APARTMENT UNITS INTO HIGHER DENSITY COMMUNITIES IECC 2009 BASELINE DESIGN CLIMATE DESIGN HIGH PERFORMANCE ENVELOPE ENERGY EFFICIENT LIGHTING/ DAYLIGHTING ONSITE PV (60% OF ROOF)
SELF-S Y UF FICIENCY
AIL R RET RIDO N& R A I O R C EST LAR D E P ICU ION VEH ULAT C G CIR ARATE DIN L I P U SE CB I L PUB
Minimize Envelope Area / Encourage Ditrict Energy / Promote Social Resilience
Minimize Energy Consumption
Use Energy E ciently
Onsite Renewable Energy Production
Future Onsite Renewable Energy Production
The underlying buildings are designed to conserve energy and maintain critical life-support conditions with as little input from fossil fuels as possible. Climate sensitive passive heating/cooling strategies are prioritized because they are more reliable than active/mechanical conditioning strategies which tend to break down and require maintenance. Energy conservation strategies employed in this design include: -Highly insulated building envelope. -Airtight building construction which reduces heat loss through in ltration -Passive conditioning strategies for indoor and outdoor spaces to create comfortable environments with little or no energy input. -Exterior Shading / Reduced Summer Solar Gains -Thermal mass to regulate temperature uctuation. -Access to summer breezes/ Natural Ventilation
OPTIMIZED NATURAL EXTERIOR SHADING VENTILATION
EFFICIENT APPLIANCES / FIXTURES
HIGH PERFORMANCE SYSTEMS
ONSITE PV (30% OF ROOF)
ADDITIONAL PV / WINDPOWER
Breezeways, sun canopies, and vegetation create comfortable outdoor spaces
REDUCTION IN SOURCE ENERGY USE INTENSITY (EUI) FROM BASELINE(%) 20% 50% 10% 30% 40%
Reduction in Source Energy Use Intensity (EUI)
E cient Energy Use
E cient use of energy within the building can signi cantly reduce electricity demand as well as overall reliance on the municipal grid. Renewable energy and Cogen become feasible modes of meeting life critical energy demands as overall electricity demand decreases. Internal load reductions can be achieved through the following means: -Energy e cient appliances. -Reduced LPD with energy e cient lighting and daylight harvesting. -Lower- ow shower and sink xtures to reduce hot water demand / pumping. -High e ciency DX cooling -E cient boilers for space heating.
SOURCE ENERGY USE INTENSITY (EUI) (kBTU/sf-yr)
Space Heat Hot Water
Space Cooling Vent Fans Area Lights Misc Equipment
80 60 40 20
District Cogen / Multiple Fuel Sources
Having multiple/redundant systems for critical human needs such as water and energy, improves resilience. Diverse energy systems capable of providing decentralized power are better able to respond to interruptions or change. A cogen system together with PV will reduce reliance on the city grid by producing enough hot water and electricity on-site to meet the demand of critical services. -Cogen and PV will be sized to provide enough power and hot water to meet critical conditioning and electrical needs
Solid north and northwest walls shelter interior from cold winter prevailing wind Photovoltaic arrays on roof provide power and shade Buildings are airtight and highly insulated to reduce heat loss Balconies, canopies, and exterior louvers reduce unwanted solar heat gain
Create community for ourselves and for our neighbors
Sustain Community for ourselves and for our neighbors
Single Family Apartment
Baseline Design: IECC 2009 / Energy Star 2012
High Performance Envelope/ Natural Ventilation
Reduced Internal Loads / Efficient Systems
Cogeneration : Sized to Meet Domestic Hot Water Demand
On-Site Photovoltaics (60% of Roof Area)
Available green electricity for life critical services.
*The estimated source EUI accounts for residential source energy use only
Readily available and plentiful local resources such as solar power and wind are more reliable than distant energy resources. Renewable sources such as rooftop photovoltaic are able to operate in a grid connected or o -grid, standalone mode to meet critical energy needs in the event of a loss of municipal services. The project proposes to use a small amount of initial PV to provide some degree of backup power and reduce peak utility costs. Increased investment in renewable energy over time will be persued with the ultimate goal of energy self-su ciency.
Adaptable lowlands functioning as seasonal or temporal public spaces and parking are allowed to flood. If we cannot protect our neighbor’s property in a storm, we can at least be a safe haven.
Efficient building nodes reduce envelope waste, create cogen opportunities and possibilities for distributed generation giving back to the grid, as we work towards self sufficiency.
Critical infrastructural lines above the ABFE flood level
dune sand filters to treat stormwater runoff
swale (high ecological value)
U EH Z I T IM MIN TPRIN S!) FOO D LES IL (BU N MA
scrub shrub forest backdune community
E C EE Z I L XIM MA ENTIA POT G OLO ICA L TE REA NE IGH R BO S
PU Y NI ME TY NIT CA BLI ME NIT Y
L TAB P A D
AG TY ENG MUNI M O C
OD AL GO LOC E A H E ET
Low lying floodlands
+14’ +4’ +0’
ED L ECT NN LOCA O C E DIS M TH Y T FRO MUNI M CO L& FIL TE RATE A L T ISO CEN A N CO T ARE L BUI DES ON D RRO D E BUIL N SA LETS O (S ES) PIL IC LOG ECO LEYS VAL AL E ICL VEH LEYS L A V
OD N FLO GATIO I T I M
L ICA LOG TY ECO MUNI M CO
P TY LTO HIL MUNI M CO
O RH BO GH NITY I E N U MM CO