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Chapter 11: Data Descript tion and Probability Distributions

For additional help on all aspects of t the TI-83 or TI-84 graphing calculator, go to http://www.prenhall.com/divisions/es sm/app/graphing/ti83/ al functions and graphing capabilities. The TI-84 has many built-in statistica Section 11-1 Graphing Data ms with a Graphing Utility (page 510) Example 2: Constructing Histogram You can clear any data previously en ntered in a list by pressing STAT 4:ClrList and the en enter the names of the lists. You can enter the list names by pressing 2nd STAT NAMES.

Now enter the data into list L1. Press s STAT 1:Edit. Now turn on the STAT PLOTS by y pressing nd 2 Y= and press ENTER.

Set the window and turn on the grid b by going to FORMAT. Press GRAPH to display the t histogram.

To determine the frequency of each interval, use the TRACE key.

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select the line graph.1.5. In the STAT PLOT.1. Tendency Section 11-2 Measures of Central T Example 1: Find the Mean (page 517). Find the mean for the sample measurements 3. and 6. Enter the data into L1. set X=0. Select 1: 1-Var Stats. Press ENTER. The average is shown as 4.8. The directions for this problem are to produce a brok ken-line graph. The statistic cs for L1 are displayed.4. Inc. and a then in increments of 10 in L1.Chapter 11 Data Description and Pro obability Distributions d Freight Exercise 11.6. .9 (page 513) Railroad There are several types of graphs that t can be produced in the STAT PLOT menu. 4 49 Copyright © 2011 Pearson Education.75.5. and a then select L1. The car loadi ings are then put in L2. Press STAT a and go to the CALC menu. For the first year. 1940.

S CALC. The mode is found in the histogram b by noting the tallest block on the histogram. 50 Copyright © 2011 Pearson Education. 3. and L2 as the frequency list. . Yo ou can find the mean and median by going to the e catalog and entering mean(L1) and median(L1). Press P ENTER and read the average to be 57 79. 4. Enter the data in L1. To find the mode construct a histogram. 5. Find the standard deviation n for the sample measurements 1. 3. age 519). Now select STAT. Inc.Chapter 11 Data Description and Pro obability Distributions Example 2: Finding the Mean for G Grouped Data (page 518). Find the median salary by entering the salaries s in Example 3: Finding the Median (pa L1. on Section 11-3 Measures of Dispersio Example 1: Finding the Standard D Deviation (page 527). Put the midpoint of each class interva al in L1 and put the frequency in L2. Median n. Find the mean for the data shown in the table. and Mean (page 521). n as shown. Scroll down to locate the median of th he list. 1-Var Stats and then enter L1 1 as the list of data. This can be done on the home screen Example 5: Finding Mode.

We can n see the value Sx=1. The numbers are entered e 51 Copyright © 2011 Pearson Education. You will calculate using 1-Var Stats. Example 2: Finding the Standard D Deviation for Grouped Data (page 528). L1. The sample stand dard deviation of x is listed as Sx.48. Then you will put the frequency f You can then take note of any of the statistics that you want. Inc. (A) Fin nd the standard deviation for the grouped sa ample data shown in the histogram. so you will read the midpoint of each group and place th hat value in for each group in L2.Chapter 11 Data Description and Pro obability Distributions Put the numbers in L1. Expand the problem to 100 repetition ns and use the graphing calculator to generate the data. The population standard deviation.15. There is no list of data given. Press MATH and scroll over to the P PRB (probability) menu. In this case. we are findin ng the standard deviation of 1. The probability of rolling a number divisible by 3 is 1/3. d σ x . Go the STAT T menu and select 1: 1-Var Stats. Section 11-4 Bernoulli Trials and B Binomial Distributions Example 5: Constructing Tables an nd Histograms for Binomial Distributions (pag ge 535). Select 7: randBin (random m binomial). . is also shown if the sample is co onsidered to be the entire population.

The entries are a e stats for the list using the STAT menu. The results are stored in L1. . Turn Plot1 on.Chapter 11 Data Description and Pro obability Distributions (3. To graph the histogram. press 2nd Y= which is the STAT PLOT menu. Use TR RACE to see the number of occurrences. the probability of success each e time is 1/3. Set the Xscl to 40 so th hat the histogram has the proper grouping. ( µ . and select the histogra am. Inc. and the experiment is to be rep peated 100 times. # trials ) . Set the window. 52 Copyright © 2011 Pearson Education. U Use TRACE to find the values. Section 11-5 Normal Distributions A graphing calculator will generate random numbers from the normal distribution. Use a grap phing calculator to generate 100 random nu umbers from the normal distribution.100) which means that the die is thrown three times.σ . You can calculate the Now create a histogram to determine e the empirical probability. Example 1: Finding Probabilities fo for a Normal Distribution (page 543).1/3. Create the histogram.

. and 13. Inc. 53 Copyright © 2011 Pearson Education.Chapter 11 Data Description and Pro obability Distributions The frequencies found on the histogram are 17. 19. So the probability that a lig ght bulb will last between 380 and 500 hours i is found to be .49.