This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
for a Basic HEC-RAS Analysis
HEC-RAS: 10 Steps
1. Start a New HEC-RAS Project 2. Set Up the River Reach 3. Plan Cross-Sections 4. Enter Cross-Section Data 5. Add the Road Deck 6-culvert. Add the Culvert Data 6-bridge. Add the Bridge Data 7. Add Ineffective Flow Areas 8. Input Steady Flow Data 9. Run Model, View Output 10. Add Proposed Structure
Before using HEC-RAS for your project.HEC-RAS: 10 Steps These 10 steps can be used with simple culvert and bridge analyses. This approach will help you get familiar with HEC-RAS and ready for more complex projects. you will need to collect the following cross-sectional information: • • • • channel shape (from maps or field measurement) stream slope (from maps or field measurement) structure specifications flow data (get from DEQ – Hydrologic Studies) . To download HEC-RAS. go to the US Army Corps of Engineers web site. (Search HEC-RAS).
Concrete Elliptical. Will the larger culvert offset the fact that the culvert will be longer? Existing Culvert: – – – – – – – Length-. CMP. 60”x38” Road elevations and width will remain the same .00 • • Proposed Culvert: – – – Length– 54’.32’. The proposed design increases the size of the culvert as well.20 Width of road: 18 feet Stream bottom sandy but stony Stream banks weedy with small brush Stream invert elevation 579. 42” diameter Low point of road: el 588.Sample Problem • • Replace an existing culvert with a larger culvert Issue: CRC wants to replace the existing culvert with a longer culvert.
type in Title and File name (ex. describing the river channel setting and the structure. There are two main types of data to enter: Geometric Data. and Steady Flow data describing the water and flow characteristics. in the main window. click on the File. Simple Project and simpleproject.. then New Project. . You end up back at the main window entitled HECRAS River Analysis System.1. Start a New HEC-RAS Project. • Open HEC-RAS.prj). In the New Project window. Click OK.
click on Edit.2. then Geometric Data. Set Up the River Reach • In the main window. .
click on the River Reach button. Don’t worry about meanders—just one line. .2. Set Up the River Reach • In the Geometric Data window. The cursor becomes a pencil. double click. drag. Enter river name and reach name at the prompt. Draw a line representing the stream in the direction of upstream to downstream. It helps to draw the stream in the same position as on a map with north at the top. Click.
Plan Cross-Sections • First on a scratch paper. Suggestion: Use negative numbers for downstream cross-sections and positive numbers upstream.3. Suggestion: Put the structure centerline at 0. Determine the length of the structure. Numbering runs low to high from downstream to upstream. figure out where to position the cross-sections. parallel to the river. • Add additional cross-sections to define the channel further upstream and downstream. • . then add a cross-section 2–5’ upstream and another 2-5’ downstream of structure. Use more cross-sections for irregular channels.
negative numbers for the left side and positive numbers for the right side looking downstream. • If all of the cross-sections have the same or similar dimensions. Each station position has a corresponding elevation. from field measurements or from a USGS quad map. (rise/run) . it is quick to start with one cross-section and copy it and adjust it for the others. Plan Cross-Sections • • Next. sketch the channel cross-section showing stations and elevations. set up looking downstream. # Road deck at 588. Suggestion: Use 0 for the center of the channel.20 • Figure out the stream slope. Numbering: Stations across the crosssection have lower numbers on the left.3.
Choose “Add a new cross-section. the “station” is the position along the stream. Here. Click the Options button.” Enter the number of the cross-section you want to add. • .4. You may want to start with the one that has the elevations given. Enter Cross-Section Data • Click on the cross-section button.
“station” means the position across the channel. • .4. Here. Enter Cross-Section Data • Add the station/elevation (x/y) profile of the crosssection in the Crosssection XY Coordinates table.
Use standard n values found on many charts. When done.5 are used. Put in Manning’s n value.3.1 and 0. If the channel is straight. Contraction and Expansion coefficients: use 0. except just upstream and downstream of the structure where 0. Outside and inside curve lengths create the meanders. the three numbers will be the same. click on the “apply data” button.3 and 0. • • • • .4. respectively. Enter Cross-Section Data • Downstream reach lengths— distance from this crosssection to the next crosssection downstream. Enter the channel banks locations (stations).
004 is -. In Options.12’. adjust elevations. Go to options. • • . The entire cross-section will be adjusted down (-) or up (+). Add: Start from scratch each time. Copy: Copy the current crosssection to a new location then adjust the elevations to the slope. ex 30 to new location X slope of . Calculate the change in cross-section elevations. either COPY the current cross-section to another location (easy) or ADD a new cross-section to another location. Modified copied cross-section: Copy and then adjust if much of the cross-section is similar. enter elevation change.4. Another time saver. Enter Cross-Section Data • • Add additional cross-sections. Repeat until all cross-sections are added.
close view by clicking on the x in the top right corner. This is a good time to save the Geometry Data. It is suggested that you name it “existing” or “proposed.” • .4. Enter Cross-Section Data • Enter all cross-sections.
choose “Add a bridge or culvert”. Under Options. Enter station number (suggest 0). Add Road Deck Data • In the main Geometric Data window. .5. click on the Bridg/Culv button. click on Deck/Roadway. In the Bridge/culvert Data window.
In the left box. Look at picture. Copy up to down. In the station and high chord columns of the table. add cross-section stations and deck elevations (high chord).5. enter the distance from the downstream edge of the deck to the next downstream cross-section. 0 at center. enter width of the road deck. The weir coefficient can remain at 2. • • .6. i.e. Stations must correspond with channel stations. Deck cross-section should be as wide as channel cross-sections. Put in as many points as it takes to describe the deck. Add Road Deck Data • • In the top middle box. select OK.
Fill in the span and diameter in feet as appropriate for culvert. Distance to upstream XS: fill in the distance from the end of the culvert to the next cross-section upstream. leave as is. For the first culvert.6-culvert. • . Add a Culvert • • • In the Bridge/Culvert Data menu. The top right drop-down box will let you put in more than one culvert. click on the Culvert button. Then Click Add Button. Shape: choose the type of culvert from the drop down box.
otherwise adjust for distance off-center. Use drop down boxes if values for coefficients and n are needed.) • . Centerline: Should be 0 if culvert is centered. Add a Culvert • Fill in the remaining boxes in the list. (Setting up cross-section with 0 at center makes this part easier.6-Culvert.
6-Bridge. . The high chord defines the deck and the low chord defines the waterway opening (or underneath part of bridge). Additional rows may need to be inserted to define the bottom of the bridge. Add a bridge • Use the deck/roadway button to add the bridge information. Add the underneath points of the bridge in the low chord column.
. Add cross-sections if needed to define the ineffective flow areas. go one foot over from the edge of the structure. i. position the ineffective flow stations in the cross-sections in a 1:1 manner. ineffective flow areas should be entered. same as above but use 2:1 positioning. where water is slow or stagnant.7.e.. 2 feet out and 1 foot over. i. for each foot distance from the cross-section to the structure. These are the areas outside the main flow. Do the same for all cross-sections with ineffective flow until the with of the floodplain is reached. • • • • . Ineffective Flow Areas • If the floodplain width coming into the structure is much wider than the opening. Downstream.e. Upstream.
Ineffective Flow Areas • In the cross-section data window. Choose Options. then ineffective flow areas. go to the cross-section that requires ineffective flow. • .7. Add stations from the sketch. this is set as the low point of the road deck. Elevation: Usually.
and other losses have been entered. Next. .Summary of Geometric Data Input • River channel has been defined • Structure placed in the river channel • Losses and structural constraints are added. including ineffective flow areas and contraction and expansion. enter the flow information….
Enter the number of profiles. • . for example. IN PF boxes. to run both a 10-year and a 100-year flow. then choose Steady Flow Data.8. For just a 100-year flow. Steady Flow Data • In main menu. go to Edit. enter stream flows in cfs. enter 1. choose 2.
dam impoundment. Normal depth: Click Normal Depth button. or other water body: Click on Known WS button and enter downstream water elevation. enter stream slope. Known water surface. . Steady Flow Data • • • Reach boundary conditions: the two most common options to use are normal depth and known water surface. such as downstream lake.8.
then choose Steady Flow Analysis. Click on Compute. such as “existing”. click on Run. Flow 01 will be chosen automatically. choose File. New Plan. • Address any errors that show up until plan runs. In the Steady Flow Analysis menu. Enter the title. save plan. then enter the short title which can be the same. Under file. View Output • In main menu.9. Run Model. .
choose Options. To change what is displayed on the table. then either Plans or Profiles and select the items you would like to show up on the table. choose View. • . View Output • Look at the output table by going to the main menu.9. then Profile Summary Table. Run Model.
select all the necessary plans and profiles. this time saving as “proposed. Name the new file “proposed. and compare the water surface elevations and energy grade lines of the existing and proposed projects. take out unnecessary structures.” Look at the table.) Working in the newly created file.” (Be sure to save the existing file before you do this.10. Choose Save Geometry Data As. Save Geometry data. if new structure is longer.e. • • • . i. Add Proposed Structure • Use the cross-sections from the “existing” geometry file to make a new file. Run the model for the proposed structure as was done for the existing structure. add new cross-sections where needed.
This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
We've moved you to where you read on your other device.
Get the full title to continue listening from where you left off, or restart the preview.