<<Legal med-july 8, 2013.


COVERAGE: Beginning up to sexual dysfunctions!
Monday, July 08, 2013 8:18 PM

1. Definition of legal medicine -LEGAL MEDICINE is a branch of medicine that applies, medical and surgical concepts, scientific knowledge and skills to medicolegal issues, inorder to assist the trier of facts in the proper dispensation of justice. Cut- an injury that is longer than its deep; stab wound- an injury that is deeper than its long Asphyxiation- death from lack of oxygen in the blood. Maybe caused by hanging, accident, suicide or strangulation.

-Medical Jurisprudence is the study of medical law and its applicable jurisprudence, that governs, regulates and defines the practice of medicine. Birth determines personality; but the conceived child shall be considered born for all purposes that are favorable to it, provided, it be born later with the following condition. For civil purposes, the fetus is considered born if it is alive at the time it is completely delivered from the mother's womb. However, if the fetus had an intra-uterine life of less than seven months, it is not deemed born if it dies within 24 hours after its complete delivery from the maternal womb.

Death, Legal presumption of- rule in law that a person is deemed to have died if absent without explanation from his or her usual or last place of residence for a long and continuous period. Presumption of Death: 154 Rules for Purposes of Survivorship: (Rule 131, Sec. 3) 1. If both were under the age of fifteen years, the older is deemed to have survived; 2. If both were above the age of sixty, the younger is deemed to have survived;

5. If one be under fifteen or over sixty. Brain Death: follows clinical death. Extinguishment of the Obligation to Support Brain death.3. The civil personality of a natural person is extinguished by death. and the other between those ages.occurs when there is deeply irreversible coma. There's a permanent extinction of bodily life. 2. Clinical or Somatic death: occurs when in the judgment of the physician with the use of his clinical eye. Importance of Death Determination: a. the older. absence of electrical brain activity Cardiorespiratory death. the former is deemed to have survived. and the sex be different. The criminal liability of a person is extinguished by death. the male is deemed to have survived. d. 4. If both be over fifteen and under sixty. occurs when there is deeply irreversible coma. The death of a partner is one of the causes of dissolution of partnership agreement. If one is under fifteen and the other above sixty. Succession: The property of a person is transmitted to his heirs at the time of death. heart and lungs which maintain life and health. the body's vital signs of life. absence of electrical brain activity 3. if the sex be the same. This is the state of the body in which there is complete. Death. c. Four Kinds of Death 1.occurs when there is a continuous and persistent cessation of heart action and respiration. . Extinguishment of Parental authority g. f. b. e. cease to exist continuously and permanently. The ascertainment of death is medical and not legal problem. the latter is deemed to have survived.is the complete cessation of all the vital functions of the body without possibility of resuscitation. persistent and continuous cessation of the vital functions of the brain. Biological Death: all components of the brain are dead. The death of either the principal or agent is a mode of extinguishment of agency.

and without the intervention of any further cause. Changes in the Blood a. . as it certifies the occurrence of death. No more heat is produced and the body continuous to loss its body temperature. No more heat is produced but the body loses slowly its temperature by evaporation or by conduction to the surrounding atmosphere. occurs in most dependent areas of the body bet. of itself. cessation of respiration and metabolism of the body tissues which is soon followed by autolysis and decay SIGNS OF DEATH 1. After death the metabolic process inside the body ceases.the whole body becomes rigid due to muscular contraction which develops 3-6 hours after death and may last for 24-36 hours. directly produces the result or event. listing the particulars of an individual's death. anger or injury to the motor nerves or injury to the chest. appointing the time and place for the execution of the sentence of death upon a convict judicially condemned to suffer death Immediate cause/Primary cause of Death.is a legal document necessary for burial of the dead. Loss of sensory power 6. Changes in the Muscle a.is the immediate or instantaneous spasm or rigidity of the skeletal muscles occurring at the moment of death due to exhaustion. Putrefaction of the body Death Certificate. Loss of motor power 5. Stage of primary flaccidity b. Cooling of body (ALGOR MORTIS). It is a document from the office of the Civil Registrar General. Coagulation of the Blood b. stress . 4. Changes in the skin 7. 2. Cessation of heart action and circulation 2. CADAVERIC SPASM. c. fear.4. 3. 3-6 hours after death. Cessation of respiration 3. LIVOR MORTIS-known as postmortem lividity. nervous tension. Death warrant: is a warrant from the proper executive authority. CADAVERIC RIGIDITY/ RIGOR MORTIS. Changes in and about the eye Changes in the Body following Death 1. Autolytic/ Auto digestive changes after Death 4. Cellular Death: Irreversible cell injury.the last of a series of events or chain of causes tending to a given result and which.

Spine and Spinal Cord Injuries 3. As to legal Classification -Parricide  Death or physical injuries  Murder  Homicide  Physical Injuries in Tumultuous Affray  -Discharge of firearms .The Antecedent Cause. -Evidence is the means. 3.injury.complete displacement of a joint Subluxation.partial dislocation of joint Strain. Chest 4. 4. 5. Injury SPECIFIC INJURIES 1. It is also a combination of a break in the bone and soft tissue injury. Sprain. of ascertaining in a judicial proceeding the truth respecting a matter of fact (Sec. Autoptic or Real Evidence . Testimonial Evidence Experimental Evidence Documentary Evidence Physical Evidence TRAUMA. 2. Urologic CLASSIFICATION OF WOUNDS 1. Rules of Court).Overstretching of muscle 6. -Types of Medical Evidence: 1.events or conditions that substantially contribute to the Immediate Cause of death. sanctioned by the Rules of Court. Rule 128. 1. Head 2. Abdomen 5. the leading cause of death in the first four decades of life and the third leading cause of death in all age groups today.partial or complete disruption in the continuity of a ligamentous support of a joint Dislocation. Fractures and Dislocations Fractures-comes from the Latin word "fractura" which means break in the bone continuity.

Deep: when the wound involves the structures of beyond the layers of the skin -penetrating: wound enters the body but does not come out -perforating: there is a communication between the outside. Assailant's Wound: these wounds are sustained by the assailant from the victim. Accidental wounds: these wounds are sustained by the victim. Coup injury b. wounding or beating of the assailant. mutilation) Rape 2. As to the Wounding Instruments a. Closed Wounds: presents no break in the integrity or continuity of the skin. assaulting. Homicidal wounds: these are the serious wounds sustained by the victim. Sharp instruments B. 5. the former not having the chance or opportunity to defend himself. resulting to his death from the criminal assailant. Conter Coup Injury d.       Giving assistance to suicide -Infanticide Intentional Abortion -unintentional abortion -abortion practiced bya physician or midwife and dispensing of abortives Physical Injuries (serious. Defense' wounds: In the process of defending himself from the attacks. Extensive Injury c. Coup centre Coup injury. As to the Consequential Injury after application of Force a. without any fault or intention whatsoever on the part of the accused to inflict the wounds on the victim. Open Wounds: there is a break in the continuity of the skin SPECIAL TYPES OF WOUNDS 1. wounding. Minoris Resistencia e. while the former is in the process of attacking. Superficial: when the wound involves only the layers of the skin b. 6. light. from the assailant. . There may be only outward manifestations of injury internally b. Victim's wounds: these wounds are sustained by the victim. less serious. 3. Non-deadly wound B. Locus 6. Blunt instruments 5. As to the Integrity of the Skin a. As to the Depth of the Wound a. inner and the outside. assaults. Self-Inflicted Wounds: self inflicted by the person on himself. 4. As to Mortality a. beating or killing his victim 2. Deadly Wound 4. 3. the victim sustains defensive wounds usually in the upper extremities.

which is less than 3 inches in ordinary handguns. Physicians now consider this not a sexual dysfunction. SEXUALITY: normal biological urge and an important part of the human experience.everted edges 3.always absent 6. Smudging is present due to smoke.7. usually seen on the temple or fatal areas of the body. but merely a sexual orientation that is present from childhood.always bigger than missile. Two kinds of HOMOs: Overt Homosexual: Persons who are conscious of their homosexual cravings and who makes no attempt to disguise their intention. If within the flame reach. there is an area of burning c. e. 2. They make advances towards members if their own sex openly. accessible to the hand of the victim Indication that the victim is shot close range a. Contusion collar or contact ring is present due to invagination of the skin . Latent Homosexual: Persons who may or may not be aware of the Ardent wish to engage in sexual activity The state of sexual excitement The peak or climax of sexual excitement A sense of well-being and general muscular relaxation follows orgasm . d. Presence of an abrasion ring or collar. Smaller than the missile due to elasticity of tissues. Oval/round depending upon angle of approach of bullet. Edges are inverted. Suicidal wounds: wounds self. Desire Arousal Orgasm resolution SEXUAL DYSFUNCTIONS As to choice of sexual partners HOMOSEXUAL The sexual desire is toward the same sex. Powder tattooing is present. Tattooing or smudging maybe present when firing is near. Entrance wound shows inverted edges.potrusion may be seen.inflicted by the victim on himself.absent 5.no definite shape 4. Underlying tissues do not protrude beyond the skin. b. DISTINCTIONS BETWEEN GUNSHOT WOUNDS OF ENTRANCE AND EXIT 1.

b. . As to instinctual strength of sexual urge Oversex Undersex Satyriasis is the excessive sexual desire in men.painful spasm of the vagina during coitus Old age. The gonads of both sexes are present which may be separated or combined as ovotestis. Pseudohermaphrodite are persons who have the gonadal tissue of one sex and the behavior of the opposite sex.decrease in sexual desire As to mode of sexual expression 1. Hermaphrodism: — A state of bisexuality. Analism. while Nymphomania is the excessive sexual desire in women who is called a "fighter or hot woman" Sexual anesthesia.painful sexual intercourse in women. Vaginismus. HETEROSEXUAL Normal persons who desire to have sex with the opposite gender.absence of sexual desire . Cunnilingus.the female partner sucks the penis and initiates ejaculation. Fellatio. Dyspareunia. c.tendency in that direction but are nevertheless incline to repress the urge to give way to their homosexual yearning. A form of sexual self gratification.this is sexual gratification by licking the female genitalia. Transvestism is a form of sexual deviation characterized by an overwhelming desire to assume the attire and be accepted as a member of the opposite sex.sexual gratification is attain by licking the anus of the sexual partner. 2. BESTO SEXUAL AUTO SEXUAL A sexual desire towards animals. Oralism The use of mouth as a way of sexual gratification a. Sado-masochism Pain or cruel acts is inflicted on the sexual partner for sexual gratification. INFANTO SEXUAL Sexual desire is towards minors.

refers to condition of a woman who permits any form of sexual liberties as long as they abstain from rupturing the hymen by sexual act. SEX CRIMES IN THE RPC -rape -carnal knowledge .there is a sexual enjoyment in being physically harmed. either of a sexual partner or a stolen clothing. b. sadism.a. Moral Virginity.a condition whereby a woman is conscious of the nature of sexual life but has not experienced sexual intercourse. Necrophilic . d. 4. Fetishism A sexual perversion wherein the real or fantasied presence of an object or bodily part is necessary for sexual stimulation and or gratification. Anatomic . such as breast.a fetishism whose stimulus is pleasant odor or foul odor for sexual stimulation or gratification. c.the sate of knowing the nature of sexual life and not having experienced sexual relation. Physical Virginity.a truly virgin woman. There is no structural change in her organ.the sexual enjoyment a person receives from inflicting actual physical or psychological suffering on a sex partner. Virgo Intacta. Clothing . hanky. 1. threatened or abused. Her genital organs have not been altered by carnal connection. Kinds of Fetishes are: a. Odor (ospresiophilia). Masochism.the deviate has the desire to have sex with the dead body. A of woman who has had no carnal knowledge of man. Demi-Virginity. the pain and humiliation from the opposite sex is the primary factor for sexual gratification. b. undergarments. 3. notwithstanding the fact of her previous sexual intercourse. 2. or buttocks are the target of interest for sexual stimulation.particular portions of anatomy.the deviate may have interest centered on shoes. SEXUAL CRIMES: Chaste Virgin Kinds of Virginity An-unmarried woman who has had no carnal knowledge with men or that she never voluntarily had unlawful sexual intercourse. 3.

or conduct which is wanton.vagrants and prostitutes . -abduction -adultery -concubinage -bigamy -premature marriage -prostitution Provisions of RPC applicable to UNNATURAL SEXUAL OFFENSE -grave scandal -immoral doctrines. lewd. obscene publications and exhibitions .grave threats .grave coercions -unjust vexations . or lewd emotions by using force or intimidation.-seduction ( act of a man enticing a woman to have unlawful intercourse with him by means of persuasion. voluptuous.light threats . solicitation. promises or bribe without employment of force) -acts of lasciviousness (acts which tend to excite lust. depriving her of reason or is otherwise unconscious.