890

Index Integral-of-time-mulitplied squared-error (ITSE) criterion, 411 Integral squared-error (ISE) criterion, 411, 489–490, 493 Integrated Systems Engineering, 869 Integration circuit, 495, 497 Integration phase (system design), 290– 291 Integration theorem, 450 Integrator buildup, 414 Integrator op amp, 844 IntelliSense Corporation, 869 Intensive factor, 37 Interaction matrices, 270, 271 Interactive algorithm, 406, 407 Interchangeability standards, 157 Interconnection laws, 313–314 Interconnections, pattern of, 311 Interfaces, PLC, 688–691 Interior temperatures, law of, 139–140 Interlaboratory standards, 116 Intermediate materials, law of, 140, 141 Internal compensation, 418 Internal stability, 475 International Committee on Weights and Measurement, 117 International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC), 682–683, 687, 688, 690, 691, 694, 696 International practical temperature scale of 1990 (IPTS90), 133 International Standards Organization (ISO), 232 Interpretation, 282–284 Interpretive structural modeling, 273 Interrupts, 425 Inverse Fourier transform, 205 Inverse Tchebyshev (Type II) filters, 195, 196 Inverse transform, 322 by general formula, 456 Laplace, 452–455 Inversion of partial-fraction expansion, 325 Inverters, 406 Inverting amplifiers, 841–842 I / O differential equations, 315 I / O (input / output) processors, 682 IPTS-68, 157, 159, 160 IPTS90 (international practical temperature scale of 1990), 133 Iron core, 548 ISA (Instrument Society of America), 3 ISE criterion, see Integral squared-error criterion ISO (International Standards Organization), 232 Isoelastic, 75 Issue analysis, 261, 273–278 Issue formulation, 261, 266–273 collective-inquiry methods of, 270 descriptive methods for, 272 element-structuring aids for, 270, 272 Issue interpretation, 261 ITAE criterion, see Integral-of-timemultiplied absolute-error criterion ITSE (integral-of-time-mulitplied squarederror) criterion, 411

J
Jacobian elliptic function, 195 J-K flip-flops (J–KFFs), 246 Joint British Committee for Stress Analysis, 81 Joint distribution, 362 Jordan canonical form, 352 diagonal, 724, 727–729, 734, 737–738 nondiagonal, 726, 727, 730–731, 736, 739 The Journal of Strain Analysis for Engineering Design, 81

K
Kalman–Bucy filters, 782 kb (kilobyte), 848 Kelvin, 117 Kilobyte (kb), 848 Kilogram, standard, 116 K-input lookup table (K-LUT), 242 Kirchhoff’s current law, 833, 839 Kirchhoff’s voltage law, 832–833, 838 K-LUT (K-input lookup table), 242

L
LabView, 437, 438 Ladder diagrams (LDs), 690

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