Emerald Manuscript Central Support

Author Guide

Logging In to Your Author Centre ....................................................................................2 Forgotten your Password?...............................................................................................2 The Welcome page ........................................................................................................2 The Author Centre .........................................................................................................3 The Manuscript Submission Process .................................................................................3 Step 1 – Type, Title and Abstract .................................................................................3 Step 2 – Keywords .....................................................................................................3 Step 3 – Authors and Institutions .................................................................................4 Step 4 – Details and Comments ...................................................................................4 Step 5 – File Upload ...................................................................................................4 Step 6 – Review and Submit .......................................................................................5 How to submit a revision.................................................................................................5 Step 1 – Authors response to reviewers’ comments ........................................................5 Step 2 – Type, Title and Abstract .................................................................................6 Step 3 – Keywords .....................................................................................................6 Step 4 – Authors and Institutions .................................................................................6 Step 5 – Details and Comments ...................................................................................6 Step 6 – File Upload ...................................................................................................6 Step 7 – Review and Submit .......................................................................................7 Approved papers............................................................................................................7 Emerald’s Copyright Policy..............................................................................................7 Permissions checklist......................................................................................................8 Ethics Guidelines............................................................................................................9

Typically. use the Edit Account link in the upper right corner (Create Account changes to Edit Account after your account is created). Instructions and Forms Access journal-specific Instructions and Forms by clicking the link in the Resources box. This section contains useful information for authors and reviewers. You will be returned to the Log In page. To access your author dashboard page. you will receive an e-mail with your username and a temporary password. In some cases. The URL will also be listed in the Author Guidelines which can be found on the journal homepage. Here you see links to all of the centres you have permission for in this journal. • Follow the on-screen instructions. The system will send an email containing a temporary password and instructions for resetting your password. Please note: Please retain your new password information. although this varies by journal. click the Author Centre button. Forgotten your Password? Should you lose your password. Typically. simply click the link within the email. filling in the requested details before proceeding • Your username will be your email address and you have to input a password of at least 8 characters in length and containing two or more numbers • Click 'Finish' and your account has been created To keep your account information current. you are taken to the welcome page. Please note: If you have an account on one journal you will still need to register on another site. The Instructions and Forms link is also available on each page by clicking the tab in the upper right corner of the page. the journal may have already created an account for you. or you can enter the web address in the address field of your browser and press the enter key on your keyboard. (Please note that your temporary password is only valid for 48 hours) The Welcome page When you log in. but you can use the same username and password. When this happens. You can also change your User ID and password here. Your author dashboard page opens. you are given that address in an email sent by the journal. 2 . enter your email address in the Password Help field and click Go. You can log out of Manuscript Central at any time by clicking Log Out at the top right corner of the page you are on. For security reasons Manuscript Central will not send your password via email.Logging In to Your Author Centre Each journal's Manuscript Central site has a unique web address (URL). If the address is hyperlinked. authors are given both Author and Reviewer permissions. To create your account: • Log on to the journals manuscript central site • Click on the create account link at the top right of the screen.

Title and Abstract 1. • Always follow journal instructions carefully when submitting manuscripts. Select the keyword(s) and click Add 2. click the star icon in the Author Resources Section. If you are unable to find a keyword in the dropdown list you can type your own keyword(s) in the list on the right hand side. • Journals may vary the requirements based on manuscript type. Click Save and Continue to move to Step 3 3 . How to Submit a Manuscript: Step 1 – Type.The Author Centre Through the author centre. The Manuscript Submission Process To begin the submission process. Abstract: Enter the abstract in the structured abstract format . either as main author or as co-author. Cut and paste into the fields. 4. For instructions on how to write a structured abstract please go to Instructions & Forms. The information will display at the bottom of the page. Click Save and Continue to move to Step 2 Step 2 – Keywords Keywords are required for manuscript submission. A popup box displays keywords to match your search. 4. Select the checkbox to mark the search as case-sensitive. Manuscript type: select from the drop-down list of choices 2. select a word from the list box and click Add. The selected keywords display in the fields to the right. Where possible we recommend that you add at least 2 keywords from this list. Title: Enter a manuscript title or copy and paste one in Click the Special Characters icon to insert any special characters Click the Preview icon to preview the title 3. 3. Journal-required fields are denoted by a red req symbol. Click the appropriate queue name in the My Manuscripts section. You can either choose from a list of keywords provided or enter your own. 1. you can submit a new manuscript or track the status of any previous submissions. Search on this list: Enter a keyword and click Search. IMPORTANT NOTES: • Each journal can ask for different pieces of information and different required fields from the example shown in this guide. To add a keyword to your manuscript submission.

) 2. If neither option is available. enter co-author information in the fields. It is recommended that you upload no more than 3 files at a time (although you can upload more files by repeating steps 1 – 3). 1. File Upload: Click Browse to locate a file and select it for upload. they will be listed here by name and by region. as well as any other required submission information. you can mark which author is. 1. vbs. All matching details are displayed. Step 4 – Details and Comments This page is journal-specific includes an area for a cover letter. If the files are very large. 2. type in their email address and click the Find button. (Click the Edit icon to edit the information. you can amend the order in which they are displayed by changing the numbers on the far left of the My Authors box. If you are submitting to a special issue. If you are not the corresponding author. verify it for accuracy. the server may timeout preventing uploading. Click Save and Continue to move to Step 4. zip. If your information is pre-filled. select Regular issue 4. select this issue from the dropdown list. (The maximum size limit for file upload is 60 MB) 2. You will not be able to upload the following file types: exe. Repeat steps 2 – 4 for all authors. The co-author displays in the My Authors section with your name. Click the Special Characters icon to insert any special characters. docx For preferred file types please check the journal guidelines. Click Save and Continue to move to Step 5. 3. First check to see if a co-author already has an author account. 4 . com. Once all authors are added. 3. If no author account already exists. 5. 4. Click Upload files. Cover Letter: This is optional. Other sections: Complete the fields as indicated. File Type: Select from the dropdown list of choices. 3. Selecting an issue to submit to: If your journal has regional editors. It is important that you choose the editor from the region you are submitting from – unless you are submitting to a special issue. To do this. Click Add to my authors. You can submit a cover letter in one of 3 ways: • Type your cover letter in the text field • Paste an existing cover letter into the field • You can browse to and attach an existing file. Step 5 – File Upload In this step you will upload all of your manuscript files.Step 3 – Authors and Institutions Enter or confirm your name and institution information and add any co-authors and their information. 1. Click Add to my authors.

. . Click Save and Continue to move to Step 6. 6. but all figure files uploaded should.4. 5.Click Save at the end of the file upload process. providing information when prompted. You can change the order of the files and edit details. a Details popup window displaying file attributes appears for each file. Please check the file carefully to make sure that it is complete and correct. How to submit a revision Log on to the online submission site and. 1. This will initiate a revised-submission process that prompts you to respond to the points made by the Editors and/or reviewers. . click on 'Manuscripts with Decisions' under 'My Manuscripts'. 2. The manuscript displays in the Submitted Manuscripts column of your dashboard. 3. All sections must display the green checkmark before you can click Submit to complete the submission process. During upload. Review each section carefully for accuracy and completeness. in the 'Author Centre'. Please do not add any information which could identify any of the authors as this information is sent to the reviewers if re-review is required. 5 . A red cross indicates that you need to complete required fields. A green tick appears next to each item that has been completed correctly according to the journal’s standards. Click Edit in the right column to return to that step.g.For image/figure files. The system asks for confirmation of the submission. A yellow box at the end of this column details the exact error.Click Next to move to the next file. Find the manuscript you wish to revise and click on the link 'create a revision' in the 'Actions' column. Click Submit. Step 1 – Authors response to reviewers’ comments This is compulsory. You should state clearly how you have addressed all reviewers’ comments referring directly to the reviewers’ comments. The final step is to view the PDF version of your submission by clicking on the PDF button. Click OK to submit the manuscript. You must upload 2 files: an anonymous article file (it must contain no author information) and a separate title page (which contains all author contact information). Step 6 – Review and Submit This is a final review step before submitting your manuscript. You will then see a list of all manuscripts you have submitted where the editors have been able to make a decision. Continue to follow the seven-step submission process. The title page will not show in the PDF. Figure 1). Files display in the My Files section. You will receive a successful submission confirmation along with your manuscript ID number. name the file to link to the same name as it has in the main document (e. You can also insert a caption/legend beneath it.

3. File Upload: Click Browse to locate a file and select it for upload. 1. Click Save and Continue to move to Step 6. the server may timeout preventing uploading. 4. Importantly. You must upload 2 files: an anonymous article file (it must contain no author information) and a separate title page (which contains all author contact information). Click Upload files. name the file to link to the same name as it has in the main document. Click Save at the end of the file upload process. Files display in the My Files section. For image/figure files. if any of the authors have changed their contact details please update their details. (The maximum size limit for file upload is 60 MB) 2. File Type: Select from the dropdown list of choices. Click Save and Continue to move to Step 7. Step 6 – File Upload The files from your original submission will be carried over. 6. Click Next to move to the next file. It is recommended that you upload no more than 3 files at a time (although you can upload more files by repeating steps 1 – 3). Click Save and Continue to move to Step 5.Step 2 – Type. You can change the order of the files and edit details. You will not be able to upload the following file types: exe. Click Save and Continue to move to Step 4 Step 4 – Authors and Institutions Enter or confirm your name and institution information and add any co-authors and their information. Step 5 – Details and Comments Unless specifically requested to do so by the Editor or reviewers you will not need to make changes to this section. vbs. Click Save and Continue to move to Step 3 Step 3 – Keywords Unless specifically requested to do so by the Editor or reviewers you will not need to make changes to this section. docx For preferred file types please check the journal guidelines. Title and Abstract Unless specifically requested to do so by the Editor or reviewers you will not need to make changes to this section. 6 . Before you upload your revised files DELETE the original files. a Details popup window displaying file attributes appears for each file. zip. You can also insert a caption/legend beneath it. During upload. If the files are very large. 5. com.

R1 to indicate that it is a first revision (. 3. without the author giving up their rights to use their own material. A green tick appears next to each item that has been completed correctly according to the journal’s standards. Your paper will move to the Manuscripts with Decisions section of your author centre. A link to this form is with the paper in your author centre. 1. 2. Please note: Once you begin a revision. A red cross indicates that you need to complete required fields. If the Editor agrees to an extension. A yellow box at the end of this column details the exact error. You must submit the revision within the specified deadline. All sections must display the green checkmark before you can click Submit to complete the submission process. you will be able to proceed with the revision as outlined above. please contact the journal Publisher – their details are on the journal homepage on the Editorial Team page. Once the deadline has passed you will not be able to submit a revision and may have to submit your paper as a new submission. it moves into the "Revised Manuscripts in Draft" queue in the My Manuscripts section of your author dashboard.Step 7 – Review and Submit This is a final review step before submitting your manuscript. we only require the submitting author to complete the copyright form. You will receive a successful submission confirmation along with your manuscript ID number. Click Submit. You will also be asked to complete an online copyright form. All authors on the paper will be sent the copyright form and we recommend that all authors complete the form online. Emerald’s Copyright Policy Emerald Group Publishing Limited seeks to retain copyright of the articles it publishes. Please check the file carefully to make sure that it is complete and correct. The title page will not show in the PDF. click the link and then click the "Continue Submission" icon in the manuscript display at the bottom of the page. Review each section carefully for accuracy and completeness. The final step is to view the PDF version of your submission by clicking on the PDF button. Authors are not required to seek 7 . If you do not think you will be able to do this you must ask the Editor for an extension. however. Click OK to submit the manuscript. but all figure files uploaded should. The information on the copyright form will be used to send the author the published version of their paper and therefore it is imperative that we have full and correct contact details. The system asks for confirmation of the submission. To continue.R2 for second revision etc) The manuscript displays in the Submitted Manuscripts column of your dashboard. Click Edit in the right column to return to that step. If for any reason you are not able to complete the copyright form. The ID will now have . Approved papers When your paper is accepted for publication you will be e-mailed to let you know.

if you have assigned copyright to another party. See: http://www. As an author you can use your paper in part or in full.000 per annum to its author community. Please ensure you have done the following: Cleared permission to use any material (including content freely available on the web) not authored by you. Included full references for all tables/illustrations/figures/excerpts. • Provide an efficient service for permissions Permissions checklist Please note that Emerald requires you to clear permission to re-use any material not created by you.org/copyright_and_legal_permissions_guidelines. Emerald is unable to publish your paper with permissions outstanding. Emerald Publishing Group Limited will provide a research grant/award of 25% of copyright fee revenue up to £25. Please attach evidence to this form. in which case you must seek permission again) if you want to do so in a book. This may mean that in some cases. Cleared permission with the copyright holder. on your website. including figures and tables (except where copyright is owned by a third party. This applies to tables/illustrations/figures/photographs and excerpts of more than 400 words. if any adaptation is significantly similar to the original material Cleared permission with any company if you have included a photograph of a logo or product. unlawful copying and any other infringement of copyright • Recoup copyright fees from Reproduction Rights Organisations to reinvest in new initiatives and author/user services. if not taken by you. in another article written for us or another publisher. cleared permission with the subject(s) of any photograph(s). Authors should check the STM website to find participating publishers and follow STM’s permissions guidelines. or any other use. Where possible. We believe that this copyright policy benefits our authors by ensuring that we can: • Develop our electronic publications and their delivery to meet customer needs and create maximum dissemination of authors' work • Protect authors' moral rights and their work from plagiarism. (Please refer to the Author Guidelines for advice on correct acknowledgement). without asking us first.php 8 . authors do not need to clear permission for re-use of content.permission to re-use their own work. Emerald is a member of the STM Association and participates in the reciprocal free exchange of material with other STM members. Cleared permission to use any material authored by you.stmassoc. Emerald is registered with The Copyright Licensing Agency in the UK and The Copyright Clearance Center in the USA. Cleared permission with the creator(s) of any photograph(s).

com/authors/writing/originality. Please refer to the Emerald Originality Guidelines (http://info. (Please attach any permission documents. I/We will not deposit the final version of the article/chapter into a subject or 9 . Authors submitting articles and chapters to Emerald agree to the following: ♦ The article/chapter has not been published before in its current or a substantially similar form. ♦ I/We will only deposit our own version of the article/chapter (not the Emerald branded version) in an institutional or subject repository. in all media in all countries.Ethics Guidelines Emerald and our editors are fully committed to good publication practice. ♦ I/We have read and have adhered to the journal author guidelines and Emerald’s Originality Guidelines http://info.com/authors/writing/originality.emeraldinsight. and transmit via all reputable third parties. diagrams and photographs not owned by me/us. please refer to Emerald’s Originality Guidelines (http://info. ♦ I/We have declared any potential conflict of interest in the research.htm).htm) ♦ I/We have obtained the necessary permission from the copyright holder/s to reproduce in the article. Any support from a third party has been noted in the Acknowledgements. For guidelines. any materials including tables. (Please attach any permission documents.htm.) ♦ All authors have received a final version of the article/chapter. ♦ The article/chapter is not under consideration with another journal.com/authors/writing/originality. Emerald is a member of the Committee on Publication Ethics and supports the application of consistent standards across the industry. ♦ The article/chapter does not contain any unlawful statements and does not infringe any existing copyright.emeraldinsight. take responsibility for the content. Minor contributors have been noted in the Acknowledgements section. ♦ Anyone that has made a significant contribution to the research and the paper has been listed as an author. agree to its publication and the order of the authors listed on the paper.) ♦ “Proof of consent” has been obtained for studies of named organisations and people.emeraldinsight.

♦ I/We will not permit others to electronically gather or harvest and save to a separate server my/our article/chapter. including non-subscribers. Third party distributors will also be informed of the requirement to add the erratum. A correction notice will be placed on the online version of the article or chapter and will appear in a forthcoming issue of the journal or volume in the book series. An erratum will appear on the online version of the paper at the abstract level in order to ensure visibility for all readers. Retraction notice A retraction notice will only be used in serious cases of ethical misconduct or when research is seriously flawed and misleading. It will also appear on the online version of the paper. Third party distributors will also be informed of the requirement to add the retraction notice. A corrigendum will appear on the online version of the paper at the abstract level in order to ensure visibility for all readers. Authors submitting articles or chapters to Emerald journals and books do so on the understanding that. in serious cases of misconduct or when we do not receive an appropriate apology. they will be subject to a suspension of publication within Emerald journals and books for up to five years. Corrigendum A corrigendum indicates an author error that has normally occurred prior to the paper having been submitted for publication. the erratum will also appear in the forthcoming issue or volume. including non-subscribers. A correction notice will take one of the following forms: Correction notices Erratum An erratum indicates a publisher error or oversight that has normally been introduced or has occurred in the publication process. their papers will be treated in the manner outlined below. The retraction notice will be published as a separate item in the forthcoming issue and assigned a DOI for future reference by researchers. should practice that contravenes our guidelines be identified. In the case of a journal or book series. A retraction notice will appear on the online version of the paper at the abstract level in order to ensure visibility for all readers. including non-subscribers. the erratum will also appear in the forthcoming issue or volume. In the case of a journal or book series. the retraction notice will also appear in the forthcoming issue or volume. In the case of a journal or book series. In normal circumstances. The authors also accept that. It will also appear on the online version of the paper. 10 . It will also appear on the online version of the paper. the paper will remain in the online version of the journal or book. Third party distributors will also be informed of the requirement to add the corrigendum.institutional repository until the article/chapter has been published by Emerald.

we will publish an expression of concern regarding the paper. including non-subscribers. Any submissions by the author during this period will not be considered by any Emerald publication. corrigendum or note of clarification and the text cannot be amended. Expression of concern In cases where a conclusion is unclear or where we are unable to make a fair decision due to conflicts of interest or lack of information. It will also appear on the online version of the paper. An expression of concern will appear on the online version of the paper at the abstract level in order to ensure visibility for all readers. Guidelines in making decisions about ethical misconduct Ethical issues include:        Plagiarism Redundant publication (dual publication or self plagiarism) Authorship issues Defamation/libel Fabricated data Unethical research and testing Conflicts of interest There are different levels of interpretation of ethical misconduct. It might be necessary to remove a paper completely from a database for legal reasons. It is important that we are consistent in our treatment of all cases. Please note that Emerald reserves the right to not proceed with a case if the complainant presents a false name or affiliation or acts in an inappropriate or threatening manner towards Emerald editors and staff. In these cases. If a retraction notice is required for an author’s work.Retraction notices will clearly state the reasons for the paper being withdrawn in a factual manner. Emerald reserves the right to suspend publication of any future work by the author by up to 5 years. We present the following considerations when adjudicating a difficult or disputed case. a note to this effect will be presented on the online table of contents. Please note that any correction has to be highlighted as a stated erratum. Note of clarification A note of clarification will be used when a point needs to be emphasised or clarified in the text but it does not constitute a correction. This is in order that the reader is aware of any changes to the text which they might have cited or referred to in their subsequent research or practice. 11 .

for example missing quotation marks for one or two short clauses but the text fully referenced.emeraldinsight. It is only acceptable for research to be repeated if it leads to different or new conclusions or for comparisons with new data. Please also refer to our guidelines on re-using copyrighted materials within your paper at http://info. As there is no copyright in ideas. hypotheses. Legally. for example 1 to 10 missing references for small sections of text or less than 10% copying of a single text. would result in no action.     Redundant publication (dual publication or self plagiarism) Authors are required to submit original content to Emerald publications. would result in a corrigendum.htm) and the Committee on Publication Ethics’ flowcharts for the processes that Emerald follows in cases of alleged redundant publication in submitted or published articles. Major copying of more than 10% of a single text without sufficient referencing would result in a retraction. Please refer to the Emerald Originality Guidelines (http://info.com/authors/writing/originality.com/authors/writing/originality. It is important to check that the scope of the paper and the conclusions do differ from the 12 . there would be no defence for retracting a paper for the copying of ideas. for example the work has been referenced but the extent of the use of the work not highlighted fully.com/authors/writing/permissions. Please refer to the Emerald Originality Guidelines (http://info. Insufficient acknowledgement of a work.htm. Minor referencing errors.emeraldinsight. In all cases. it is unlikely that a full retraction notice would ever be appropriate (especially if the previous work has been cited) unless the author is in full agreement. it is important to reference the previously published work.Plagiarism Emerald requires that all research submitted to one of the journals or books are original and the author agrees to these terms when completing and signing a record form. Copying of ideas (rather than words) would result in a corrigendum or note of clarification (subject to the author’s agreement).  Repeated research and findings which are fully acknowledged and fall below 25% of the original paper are acceptable. would result in a note of clarification.htm) and the Committee on Publication Ethics’ flowcharts for the processes that Emerald follows in cases of alleged plagiarism in submitted or published articles.emeraldinsight.  Very minor referencing errors. or methodology.

a retraction notice is required. then a note of clarification may be required. Defamation/libel Emerald requires that authors obtain written ‘proof of consent’ for studies about organisations or people. If the paper is a verbatim copy of a previously published paper.  If more than 25% of the paper has been copied without acknowledgement of the previous research and without the inclusion of new data or different conclusions. a corrigendum or retraction is required depending on the severity of the case.previous research. If all authors agree to a change to authorship on a paper. as the research process is undertaken prior to the paper being submitted to Emerald. If the same paper has been published in a different publication as a result of multiple submission. it is not possible for Emerald or the editors to comment on the level of contribution by each author. If inaccurate. Emerald reserves the right to 13 .   Authorship issues In multi-authored papers. Emerald will refer the matter to the authors’ institutions. Please refer to the Committee on Publication Ethics’ flowcharts for the processes that Emerald follows in cases of authorship disputes in submitted or published articles. this will be presented as a corrigendum. A retraction notice will only be published when requested by all authors. Authorship issues fall into three main types:  the exclusion of a contributor from the list of authors  the inclusion of a named person who has not contributed to the paper or does not wish to be associated with the research  the order of the authors on the paper and the level of contribution that they have made to the paper Emerald will endeavour to facilitate a resolution to an authorship dispute. If the repetition has not been sufficiently highlighted. it is important that all authors that have made a significant contribution to the paper are listed. If the matter cannot be resolved. Those who have provided support but have not contributed to the research should be acknowledged in an Acknowledgements section. However. unsubstantiated or emotive statements are made about organisations or people in a submitted paper. a retraction notice is required.

We will endeavour to facilitate a resolution and will refer the matter to the authors’ institutions when appropriate. Emerald will publish a retraction notice. Fabricated data Please refer to the Committee on Publication Ethics’ flowcharts for the processes that Emerald follows in cases of fabricated data in submitted or published articles. it is not possible for Emerald or the editors to adjudicate in all cases. a retraction notice will be published. In some cases and when legally required. If research is found to contravene international or national procedures and this is confirmed with the appropriate regulatory body. Conflicts of interest include: • A financial or personal interest in the outcomes of the research • Undisclosed financial support for the research by an interested third party • A financial or personal interest in the suppression of the research A note to highlight the background to financial support for the research from third parties or any other possible conflict of interest must be added to the paper prior to review. As the research is conducted prior to the paper being submitted to an Emerald journal or book.request changes to the text from the author or to reject the paper prior to publication. the paper will be withdrawn from the online version of the journal or book. If statements have been made in a paper that is published by Emerald and found to be defamatory. Unethical research and testing An author must follow appropriate international and national procedures with respect to data protection. 14 . Critiques and reviews of products and services are acceptable but comments must be constructive and must not be made maliciously. editor or reviewer. rights to privacy. An apology will be published in a forthcoming issue of the journal or volume of the book. child protection and medical testing on humans and animals. Authors must make available all consent forms and requisite forms from the appropriate regulatory bodies to the editors and publishers at Emerald. Emerald encourages all authors to demonstrate how their research contributes to the benefit of society. Conflict of interest All conflicts of interest should be declared by the author.

follow the processes highlighted in the flowcharts presented by COPE (http://publicationethics.html. please refer to: http://www. Please note that Emerald reserves the right to not proceed with a case if the complainant presents a false name or affiliation or acts in an inappropriate or threatening manner towards Emerald editors and staff. 7. 5. It is Emerald’s responsibility to protect authors’ moral rights (to be acknowledged as the author and not to be misrepresented) and to ensure the correct record of the literature. Always read the evidence in detail before taking the next step. editors and authors. 2. For a full explanation of different conflicts of interest in the biomedical field. As members of the Committee on Publication Ethics. Following a fair and considered process.icmje. We will reply to letters and emails within two working weeks of an initial complaint t explain the procedures that will be taken.If a conflict of interest is suspected. In all cases. then this should be reported to the editor or Emerald.org/ethical_4conflicts. 15 . Always approach the accused party to establish their position before making a decision or committing to a course of action. Emerald will: 1. 6. 3. It will not be possible to please all parties in every case. A concern regarding an editor should be raised with the journal publisher or book commissioning editor at Emerald. the final decision in any disputed case will rest with the editor and Emerald. Be completely fair and objective. Emerald will follow the flowcharts presented by COPE in cases of a suspected conflict of interest. Keep all parties informed of decisions. 4. Act professionally and efficiently. Ensure that we provide sufficient time for all parties to respond. including the copyright owners.org/). 8.

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