Table of contents

Contents 1. Sector Overview 2. National Mineral Policy 3. Summary of Fiscal Regime. 4. Major Mineral Resources Of Pakistan and Map 5. Top Fifteen Minerals of Pakistan 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. Aluminium Iron Ore Copper Chromite Ore Zinc / Lead Coal Gypsum / Anhydrite Phosphates Rock Salt Solar Salt Magnesite Limestone for lime Kaolin (China Clay) Natural Stones as Building Materials i). Granite ii). Marble and Onyx 15. Gemstones i). Exports ii). Imports 6. Trade Statistics

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7. Annuexures. i) Characteristics of major Coal fields ii) Coal- Potential opportunities iv) Gems and Precious Stones Found in Pakistan v) Gemstones Productive Areas. vi) Potential Projects. vii) Exports Potential of Mineral Products viii) Export Potenial of Mineral and Gemstones ix) Country specific Strategy x) Types of Mineral Titles xi) List of On-going Mineral Sector projects xii) Extraction of Principal Minerals and FDI Inflow in Mining and Quarrying xiii) Investment opportunity in Mineral sector xiv) List of companies in minerals sector 39 40 41 26 27 30 31 32 34 35 36 37 38

iii) Province wise Break-up of Marble and Granite. 29

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Sector Overview
Pakistan is endowed with significant mineral resources and emerging as a very promising area for exploration of mineral deposits. Based on available information, country’s more than 6, 00, 000 sq.kms of outcrop area demonstrates varied geological potential for metallic / non-metallic mineral deposits. Exploration by government agencies as well as by multinational mining companies and various regional geological surveys, conducted in the recent past have confirmed the great potential of Pakistan in the metallic minerals like copper, gold, silver, platinum, chromites, iron, lead and zinc. As regards industrial minerals there is a vast potential of multi- coloured granite, marble and other dimensional stones of high quality for export purposes. Currently about 52 minerals are under exploitation although on small scale. The major production is of coal, rock salt, and other industrial and construction minerals. The value addition in the mineral sector is mainly concentrated in five principal minerals, namely, limestone, coal, gypsum, sulphur, crude oil, and natural gas. The current contribution of mineral sector to the GDP is about 0.5% and likely to increase considerably on the development and commercial exploitation of Saindak & Reco Diq copper deposits, Duddar Zinc lead, Thar coal and Gemstone deposits Realizing the vast potential of major reserves, there is great opportunity for the multinational companies to invest in this sector, which will be beneficial for the economy and the investors in the long run.

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National Mineral Policy (NMP)
New Regulatory Regime: • Investment in small- scale mining (capital employed less than Rs. 300 million) will be confined to Pakistani nationals. • Corporate merger of small- scale mine operators will be encouraged. • A Geo-data Centre of Pakistan (DGCP) will be established as an autonomous body of the Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Resources to collect, store, update and mange geo-data of the whole country. • The Federal and Provincial Governments will provide grants to the respective corporations for the promotional tasks on priority areas. • The Mining Concession Rules will provide for four types of minerals titles, namely; Reconnaissance License, Exploration license, Mineral Deposit Retention License and Mining lease. • (Details at page 37 – annexure X) • Mining and Value Added minerals processing are placed in Category A industries. Following fiscal concessions is available to mining industry. 1. Exploration stage: a. b. 2. 0 % duty on import of machinery & equipments Exemption from sale tax and other Government levies

Construction stage: 5% custom duty on import of machinery & equipments deferred for a period of construction Except for royalty, there will be no other Provincial or local levies of taxes imposed on minerals or mining operations. No sales tax will be levied on minerals that are exported Precious stones 10% Precious Metal 3% Base Metals 2% Others (other than i-ii-iii) 1% Coal (current rates of royalties in the Province for coal being retained)

Royalty: -

Following rates of royalty on coal are being charged by the provinces with 15% sales tax per ton: a) Government of Pakistan Rs. 20/- per ton b) Government of Punjab Rs. 35/- per ton c) Government of Sindh Rs. 60/- per ton d) Government of NWFP Rs. 25/- per ton Other Incentives 4

accessories. spares.Nil (during exploration phase) .Exempt in excess of 5% (during mine construction phase) and payment also would be deferred.. Customs duty: . equipment. 2004.Nil (during exploration. Protection from Expropriation Repatriation of Capital & Profits allowed Mining operators will be allowed to insure their assets and risks with international insurance companies.75% with 0. non-resident companies 0. 5 . mine construction and extraction phase) For locally manufactured Mining Machinery.Exempt in excess of 5% ad-valorem (during extraction phase) . . Zakat: Concession on Imports: Import of machinery. . specialized vehicles (4*4 non luxury. 1995 Sales tax: Custom: Sales Tax. 6% of gross payment on export of Rate as per Mineral Policy. chemicals and consumables (non manufactured) as per SRO 469(1)/2004 dated 12th June. 10% 15% Nil on Export Negotiable Non-Muslim exempted 30% for local listed companies 35% for private. Summary of the Fiscal Regime Taxes Income Tax: Corporate Tax: Minimum Corporate Tax: With-Holding Tax: Non-resident Contractors: Other Taxes: Sales Tax: Additional profit Tax. .25% increase mineralsfrom 1st July 2000.5% of the declared turnover annually 0. material.

090 QUALITY ANNUAL PRODUCTION (metric tonnes) 35 FUTURE PROSPECTS METALLIC Antimony Chromite Copper .Naweoba. Chagai . Chagai . 1882. N.Sasht-e-Kain. Qila Saifullah .Waziristan . Chagai . 6 .Karangali Hill Salt Range .600 0.Jijal. Gold . Chagai Low to me diu m gra de Fair chances of finding additional deposits in NWFP and Balochistan 2. Khuzdar .060 0.Kabul Koh.00 m.Boya.Saindak .050 0.Missi.Reko Diq.527 Low to medium grade 27.MAJOR MINERAL RESOURCES OF PAKISTAN COMMODITY NAME OF DEPOSITS SIZE (in million tonnes) Trivial Trivial Minor 0. ounces 11. Chagai .458 Fair to good prospects for developing known and discovering new deposits. Zhob .Bandegan.Krinj Partson. Chagai . Dargai . Boya.Shinkai.026 0.5 212 400 200 50 100 0.Sonaro.030 120 0.Reko Diq 2.Shekran.032 800 RESERVES IN PAKISTAN (in million tonnes) 0. Chagai .Chilas . Bisham . Khuzdar .Bulashgah. Waziristan .24 m.Muslim Bagh.547 1.Raskoh. Chitral . Most of the production will be exported.Ziarat Pir Sultan.Harichand.Zaimukht Hill. Chagai . Most of the production will be exported. Kurram Valley – .Qila Abdullah .300 0. Gilgit . ounces 9.Saindak.5 Low to high grade - Chagai and Lasbela Districts are capable of becoming important copper producer of the world.24 (million ounces) Low grade - Chagai District is capable of becoming an important copper producer of the world.

Lead Zinc 23.Khuzdar 0.180 .0 Mazar Tang.5 Mashkichah 0.18 Besham Gunga.4 Low to high grade 24. Khuzdar Duddar 0.93 10.Ziarat.6 Goldanian 60. Khuzdar Surmai. Kohat 0.72 Low to medium grade - The Lasbela-Khuzdar region holds great promise for further exploration of deposit.229 0.125 Amir Chah 1.600 Low to medium grade 655 Additional reserves could be found which reduce the imports by steel industry of the country.29 903.43 Durban Chah 1.Khushab – Punjab 74. Manganese Chur Gali. Khuzdar 10 Dammer Nisor 6.05 Kundi Baluchap 0.0 Low to medium grade 7 .125 Chilghazi 23 Chapar 0.Lasbela 0.0 Langrial 30.5 10 2. Export can be started from 2005. Kalat 200 Shekran.Abbottabad 0.8 Abbottabad 2.188 .322 Additional reserves likely to be found but export is unlikely. KalatBalochistan.Iron ore - Besham 6.5 Kalabagh 350 Pezu 66 Nizampur 100 Dilband. Aluminum (Laterite/Bauxi te Muzaffarabad –AJK.13 Pachin Koh 45 Bandagan 0.

Fair potential for increasing its indigenous utilization export exists. Aragonite/ma rble Very Large Deposit High grade 497.011 -do- 276 Medium 209 Granite Very Large Deposits 5. Fair potential for increasing its indigenous utilization exists. Different varieties of basalt are being used as building stone. Reduction in transport cost and finishing at site to achieve export.317 Increase in the export of onyx and other verities of marble can be achieved with better mining and processing. Establishment of Cutting and polishing facilities near to main producing areas may help in value addition.BUILDING & DIMESION STONES NON METALLIC Agglomerate Large High grade 366 Increase in production can be achieved by introducing it to the foreign market. Basalt -do- High grade 217 Building stone Conglomerat e Ebry stone -do- Medium to high grade Medium to high grade Medium to high grade Medium to high grade 16.676 8 . especially by value addition at site. Fair potential for increasing its indigenous utilization exists. A feasibility study for manufacturing of prefabricated building material by melting it may increase its utilization.

684 Fair potential for increasing its indigenous utilization exists. -doIncrease in the export of onyx and other verities of marble can be achieved with better mining and processing.983 -do- China clay Medium Deposits 61.403 -do- 9 .204 Slate stone CLAYS Ball clay -doSmall High grade Medium to high grade Medium to high grade Medium to high grade 108.255 4.670 2.371 Bentonite -do 19. Establishment of Cutting and polishing facilities near to main producing areas may help in value addition.257 28. -do-doTo be explored if good color variety is found that has export potential.887 92.780 Ordinary stone Sand / Bajri Sand stone Serpentine -do-do-do-do- Low to high grade High grade High grade Medium grade 1. Fair potential for increasing its indigenous utilization exists. -do- BUILDING & DIMENSION STONES NON METALLIC Millstone Onyx marble Small -do- 1. Fair potential for increasing its indigenous utilization exists.182 1.Gravel -do- Medium to high grade High grade Medium to high grade 19.

668 32. Barite - Naka Pabni Bakhari Kundi Gunga Moner Talar 0.003 -do- Fuller’s earth Fairly Large Deposits 18.945 276.446 -do- CHEMICAL.400 12.002 Brine Calcite Celestite Chalk Dolomite Feldspar Flint stone Fluorite Medium Small to Medium Small -doLarge Very Large Deposits -do0.012 0.1 High grade High grade High High High High grade grade grade grade 55.71 26. Fair to good prospects for developing known and discovering new deposits.280 13. Additional reserves likely to be found but export is unlikely.218 -do- Fire clay Fairly Large Deposits 124.903 15 838 7.850 384.934.Clays Large Medium to high grade Medium to high grade Medium to high grade Medium to high grade Medium to high grade 2.513 10 .012 73 579 High grade Low to medium grade Medium to high grade Gypsum 4. -do-do-do-do-do-do-doA cut in import bill may be achieved by proving additional resources.002 0.014 1. FERTILIZER & INDUSTRIAL NON METALLIC Asbestos small 60 Fair potential for increasing its indigenous utilization increase in exports exist.

Magnesite 12 Medium to high grade 4.573 Fair potential for increasing its indigenous utilization exists.074 1. -do- CHEMICAL.535 Fair to good prospects for developing known and discovering new deposits.035 8. -do- Phosphate Pumice Quartz Quartzite Rock salt Large -do-doSmall to medium Very Large Deposits Low to medium grade Low to high grade High grade Medium to high grade High grade 1. 11 .457 1.212. Raw limestone not exportable but cement clinker can be exported. FERTILIZER & INDUSTRIAL NON METALLIC Nephline Synite Ochres / Red oxides Orpiment -do- Low medium grade Low medium grade Low medium grade to 70 100 Small to to 12.697.780 29 Fair potential for increasing its indigenous utilization exists. Some export can be achieved. Low cost mineral with limited development potential.Lake salt Limestone Small Large High grade High grade 16. -doFair potential for increasing its indigenous utilization especially in the chemical industry exists.577 485 1.366 -doFair potential for increasing its indigenous utilization and exports exists.

Fair potential for increasing its indigenous utilization and exports exists.195048 Additional reserves could be found and export is also possible. Fair potential for increasing its indigenous utilization and exports exists.237 (300.697 Low grade (lig-A to bitc) 3.080 Additional reserves could be found but export is not possible.Silica sand Soap stone Sulphur Very Large Deposits Medium to large 0. 41.97889 (26.446 ENERGY/ FUEL SOLID Coal 184. 12 .923758 (Million CFT) Additional reserves could be found and export is also possible GAS Source: Geological Survey of Pakistan Note: -Figures given in parentheses for crude oil and gas indicate balance recoverable reserves.98237) Good Quality .203) Good Quality 23. LIQUID Crude Oil (Million Barrels) Natural Gas (Trillion CFT) 765. Export not possible due to small size and low quality.037.8 Medium to high grade Medium to high grade Low medium grade to 157.300 46.486 527 Fair potential for increasing its indigenous utilization and exports exists. -do- Talc stone Trona -do-do- Medium to high grade Low medium grade to 260 3.

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Investment Potential: Iron Ores from Nokkundi and Chaghi having (+64%) of iron may be used for production of sponge iron by direct reduction process. Copper The significance of copper resources of Pakistan is widely known because of huge investment made in development of saindak copper deposit. Iron Ore More than 903. Aluminum Deposits (Bauxite and Laterite) Potential Deposits Reserves: Location: about 74 millions tons Muzffarabad. Indigenization of technology Relatively cheaper steel available for export and for use in the local market for construction. 2. 1. Khushabd Economic Benefits of Aluminum Import substitution Indigenization metals and row materials available in the market Relatively cheaper. Ziarat.5 million tons of Copper reserves are found in Pakistan i) Reko Diq Copper – Gold Deposits 15 . manufacturing.4 million tons of iron ores are found in Pakistan and potential ore deposits are the following: Kalabagh Iron Ore Deposits Dilband Iron Ore Deposits Nokkundi Iron Ore Deposits Economic Benefits of Iron Ores Import substitutions. Aluminum available for export and for use in the local market for automotive.TOP FIFTEEN (15) MINERALS OF PAKISTAN. Kalat. Potential Deposits More than 1882. engineering and electrical cables. engineering and automobile sector. A Mini Steel plant may be established for Iron Ores of Nokkundi and Chaghi 3.

47 tons – Gold 2.64% with 50 millions tons) . Gold (9 million ounces) ii) Saindak Copper – Gold Deposit Balochistan Location: Reserves.Location: Reserves: Distt Chaghi. Copper (0. Similary in Jijal-pattan and Chilas areas (Kohistan) Shunghail prospect appear to contain 0.76 tons – Silver Economic Benefits of Copper 4. open pit reserves of around 0. Balochistan 837 million tons . For this reason.3 Mts are proven. Muslim Bagh chromite deposits are of the major commercial source of chromite Import substitution Indigenization of technology Relatively cheaper copper available for export and for use in the local market for engineering and electrical cables ii) NWFP Chromite Deposits In Dargai has been spectacular: estimated reserves 0.spread yet its potential is far from being fully assessed judging from the favorable geological environment. Potential Deposits i) Balochistan Chromite Deposits In Pakistan. Chromite Ore.2 Mt reserves. Chromite occurrence is wide. Economic Benefits of Chromite Ore Import substitution Raw material for production of ferroalloys 16 . chromite deposits of Baluchistan and NWFP must be considered from a regional standpoint that could enable Pakistan to become a major exporter of chromite and /or ferrochrome.1 Mt have been proved. In Heroshah. Production: (Per year 40 km West of Reko Diq project 400 millions tons 15810 tons – blister Copper 1.7 Mt of which 0.

therefore. - 6. Pakistan has total coal reserves of 17 . Setting up Ferro-chrome industry.72 million tons of Zinc/Lead reserves are found in Pakistan. The resources of Duddar Deposit have been estimated at about 50 Mt. The Jurassic rocks of the Lasbela – Khuzdar Belt have the potential to host several WORLD CLASS’ zinc – lead ore deposits. COAL According to estimates prepared by the Geological Survey of Pakistan (GSP). Bright future exists in setting up ferro-chrome industry in Pakistan.6 % Zn and cut-off 3. Dhungei Duddar is the most advanced.31 Mt @ 80. 5. Zinc / Lead More than 23. Export Potential High Grade Ores (48% Cr2 O3 and above) attract high market value in export. utilization of refractory grade chromite with a view to substituting the presently available basic refractories and to set up chrome chemical industries. i) Duddar-Gunga-Surmai Lead-Deposits Detailed geo-scientific studies through mapping and drilling (46000 meters) an inferred plus indicated geological reserves of 14.2% Pb have been calculated for the Duddar Deposit using + 7% Zn Pb cut-off. Among the four better known deposits of Surmai Gunga. 2. necessary systematic technical audit of Chromite ore deposits should be initiated.- Production of Stainless steel. Investment Potential 1.

777 1.185 billion tons.623 NWFP 90 Azad Kashmir 9 Total 185.328 312 161 16 184. 2003-04 Resources Million Tons Dev Dev Non Dev Non Dev Non Dev Non Dev Dev Non Dev Dev Non Dev Dev Dev Dev Production of Coal 18 . out of which 184 Billion tons are in Sindh – one of the biggest good quality lignite deposit in the World.700 1.623 82 9 90 9 9 185.173 Dev Dev Dev Dev Dev Dev PAKISTAN COAL RESERVES Province Baluchistan : Hamai Sor Range-Degari Duki Mach-Abegum Pir Ismail Ziarat Bar khan – Chamalang Sub-Total PUNJAB: Salt Range Markawal Sub-Total SINDH: Thar Coal Sonda-Thatta Indus East Jherruck Lakhra Ongar Meting – Jhimpir Badin Sub Total NWFP: Hangu / Orakzai Cherat / Gulla Khel Sub Total: Azad Kashmir: Kotli Sub Total: Total Energy year Book.823 1.173 Status 76 50 50 23 12 6 217 213 22 235 175. Province Resources Million Tons Balochistan 217 Punjab 235 Sindh 184.506 3.

586 3.652 3.311. 2006.G.325.000 Province wise Coal Quality and Selling Prices Province Sindh Balochistan Punjab NWFP Location Thar Lakhra Quality 5774 BTU/Lb 4622 to 7552 BTU/Lb 9600 to 15000 BTU/Lb 9400 to 14000 BTU /Lb 11000 to 14000 BTU /Lb Prices Rs. reserves and exploitability.081.328. Production (Tons) 3. quality.Year 2000-1 2001-2 2002-3 2003-4 2004-05 2005-06(July. resource.036 3. Khan.000 2.March) Source: Economic Survey. Gypsum / Anhydrite The gypsum resources in Pakistan have existence in at least three interesting areas in terms of their size. 400 to Rs 600 per ton Rs 1500 to 2100 per ton Rs 1100 to 1800 per ton Rs 1300 to 2000 per ton Source: Investment Oriented study on Minerals and Minerals based Industries April 2004 by Expert Advisory Cell.367. 7. Punjab 5-6 billion tons 384 metric tons per annum Resources: Average Production: Pakistan Gypsum Reserves / Resources: Province Deposits 19 . 3. 1.000 3.094. 2. Salt Range of the Punjab Kohat Banu Region of NWFP Suleman Range of D.

53 Mt . may be considered for the construction of low cost houses. Source: Investment Oriented study on Minerals and Minerals based Industries April 2004 by Expert Advisory Cell. 15 Mt.Punjab . 25Mt. 5 Mt. 7 Mt. 20 Mt. Gypsum plaster sand blocks with gypsum mortar. Phosphates NWFP contains Cambrian sedimentary phosphates of marine origin.   . (above surface) 472 Mt. Reserves and Grades: Grades of two major ore types and their reserves are as under: 20 . Potential Investment Opportunities. 20 Mt.442 Mt. mainly in the upper clayey dolomite of abbottoabad Formation (cherty phosphate) 0-0 and underlying cherty – silty – sandy beds of Hazara formation.Rakhi-Munh -Safed Koh-Rodo area (Central Suleiman Range) -Dadukhel – Mianwali area . 70 Mt. 8. Gypsum can be used as Corrector of Low Quality Tube wells water.Khewra NWFP: Dera Ismail khan -Saiduwali -Near Drazinda and Mughalkot Kohat Balochistan -Near Spintangi -Mawand – Khattan -Barkhan – Chamalang 27 Mt. (down to dip of 30 meters. 4.

i) ii) Dolomitic ore (generally low to medium in P2 O5 & SiO2 and high in MgO). Punjab Mineral Development Corporation operates Chakwsal and Khusha salt mines whereas there are about fifteen private mine lease holders who operate in Punjab and NWFP. east and west trending mountainous arc between Rivers Jhelum and Indus) Rock salt is produced at Khewra. 2004 by Expert Advisory Cell. etc) 9. Reserves and Grades. According to Pakistan Mineral Development Corporation. dolomite. Milled phosphate for direct application (without chemical attack). Type of Phosphate Rocks. Warcha. Source: Investment Oriented study on Minerals and Minerals based Industries April. Bhadurkhel.24_35.23-32%SiO2 3-10%MgO:2-8%R2 O3:1. which is particularly effective on acid soils Milled under – acidulated phosphate (Partial chemical attack). SiO2:5-25%.5%. which is as effective as chemicals fertilizer In addition. Kalabagh.5_4. Rock salt In Pakistan salt deposits occur in the salt Range (160 kms in length. . Siliceous ore (generally medium to high in P2O5 and SiO2 and low in MgO.5-5% P2O5. . 21 . Jatta and karak salt Mines by Pakistan Mineral Development Corporation. the rock salt reserves within the area of their mining operation are around 600 million tons.MgO:0. a complete range of composite fertilizer could be produced by adding raw materials available close to the phosphate deposits: (Limestone.5%R2 O3:1. Magnesite. Type of rock Dolomitic Siliceous Ores Reserves 14 million tons 12 million tons Grade % P2O5. Investment Potential: Products to be produced are: .

Hazara at about 35 km west of Abbottabad 14 lenticular bodies of the magnesite ore found in kumhar area 12. Road making. and Northern Areas. 14. Kumhar Magnesite Ore Deposit Location Total Resources Investment Potential: No basic refractory bricks manufacturing plant exists in Pakistan though quality magnesite and chromite. Swat where an elutriation plant has been established.0 million tons with an average of 45% MGO content. Marble and Onyx 22 . 13.403 metric tons. Balochistan.47% magnesium oxide. Solar Salt Bright prospects exist for the development of high purity solar salt facility around the coastal areas of Karachi. Magnesite PIDC who used to hold the lease for magnesite mines at Kumhar in District Abbottabad established around 11 million tons geological and 3 million tons mine able reserves containing acceptable 46% . Punjab. Limestone for Lime Pakistan is bestowed with extensive deposits of suitable quality of limestone in the provinces of NWFP. Natural stones As Building Materials Granite. Sindh. Country’s average yearly production of china clay is 61. building construction and in the chemicals industries. 11. Solar salt so produced has export potential to the exponding southeast Asia Chemicals industries and for the growing industries established throughout. Kaolin (China Clay) Presently the major production comes from shah Dheri. 12. The average annual production of limestone is 8697 Metric tons used mainly in the manufacture of cement. the principle raw materials are available in Balochistan.10.

Areas 2.Pakistan has enormous wealth of decorative and building stones such as granites.0 (Million Rs. Green. sand stone and magnesium sandstones etc. gobbro. serpentine etc.04 (Million Rs. Grey. . fossiliferrous limestone. 158 million tons are in the NWFP and 2 million tons in Balochistan. onyx. Green. diorite.) Black.9 23 ---4140 Available in colors Export(2004-05) 2. Out of 160. syenites. recrystallized limestones. Red. marble of different shades. Yellow. dunite. Pink. Chagi district marbles of different classifications. Black. serpenites. tonalite. White. Reserves of Marble and Granite Non Metallic Mineral Product Granite Marble And Onyx Total Reserves (million Tones) Punjab Balochistan NWFP Sindh N. fossiliferrous limestones. Gold. occur in other provinces mainly in NWFP and Northern Areas.2 --157.2 million tons of marble reserves estimated in Pakistan. ii) Marble and Onyx Onyx occurs mainly in Balochistan. i) Granite More than 4140 million tons of Granite reserves are found in Northern Areas of Pakistan. pyroxenite. Pink.) 15. Grey.

Gemstone Potential NWFP Emerald (in Swat) Pink Topaz (Mardarn) Peridot (Hazara. Emerald. Tourmaline (Chitral). 15. NWFP. Spessertine garnets & aquamarine 125 million carats Not assessed Not assessed 1. Garnet (Bajor) Northern Areas Ruby Aquamarine Tourmaline Topaz. Gem Stones Pakistan ranks amongst leading gem-hosting countries. Garnet and other Azad Kashmir Kashmir Ruby Tourmaline pink beryl etc. AJ&K and Northern Areas are the major gem hosting regions of the country. Peridot. Kohistan) Aquamarine. Green Ruby deposits of Hunza and AJ&K all other gemstone deposits have not been studied scientifically and are undocumented.Source: Investment Oriented study on Minerals and Minerals based Industries April 2004 by Expert Advisory Cell All Pakistan Marble Industry Association Federal Bureau of Statistics.2 million carats 0.1 million carats Not assessed 70 million carats 09 million carats 10 million carats (Not assessed) Trade Statistics Exports 24 . Ruby. The gemstones include.5 million carats 0. Pink Topaz. Owing to favorable geological environments.

S. Steatite. Trade Statistics Imports 25 .No 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 Description Chromite ore & Concentrate Marble Sodium Chloride and & Common Salt Fuller’s earth Quartz. Mica & Feldspar Fire & Other Clays Dust and Powder of Diamonds (000) Rupees) 2003-04 819239 243623 49725150 27421 4395 4953 16240 11556 70373 10959 2004-05 1832133 452607 176255 35452 5500 11956 22 308 8334 53668 15171 Silica & Quartz Sands Granite Pebble/crushed Stone. Natural Talc Source: Federal Bureau of Statistics.

N o 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 Description (000) Rupees) 2003-04 2004-05 Iron Ore & Concentrates Kaoline and Other Kaoline clays Maganese ore & conc. Clays Bentonite Graphite Natural Natural Abrasives Titanium Ores and Conc Magnesium Oxide. Mica feldspar Chromium ores & Conc.S. Annexure –I 26 . 2512826 167971 --55140 30000 52047 7064 14526 26593 8508 12816 2271 219584 9211 2852 8675 28945 12833 2041 4104 1232 2385 5821778 183989 3394 61142 76146 65514 3142 13453 29564 9750 16177 2048 295014 9867 2632 14052 15057 12658 627 7034 114 3064 Source: Federal Bureau of Statistics. Magnesia Talc Gypsum Granite Sulpher of all kinds Sodium chloride Pure & Common Salt Barium Sulphate Silica Sands & Quartz and other natural sands Marble and Building stones Lead ore and Concentrate Nioium Tanbtanium Dolomite cut into blocks Quartz.

3 to 37.No Name BALUCHISTAN Moisture % Volatile Matter % Fixed Car.3 to 34.1 to 12.0 3.8 27.5 to 5.77 34.8 25.6 18 6.7 8.1 4.0 to 36.0 to 42.6 5 1.1 to 45. % Ash % Sulp % Calorific value 1 2 3 SOR-RANGE DEGARI KHOST-SHARIGH HARNAI MACH PUNJAB 15.0 3.0 to 11.0 0.3 7.0 12.3 to 33.8 9.42 27.4 7.5 to 10.6 34.8 32.91 25.9 29.0 to 21.9 29.5 to 39.73 15.8 9.7 33.8 to 44.4 TO 29.2 31.8 30 58.0 to 5.4 4.8 to 45.5 36.6 9000 to 11000 4.9 23.0 to 7.1 3.0 to 46.9 46.4 to 41.2 to 7.38 to 2.4 to 7.8 to 39.6 to 20.Characteristics of Major Coal Fields S.82 6762 to 11029 3.5 to 43.8 36.0 to 13.9 to 18.4 6740 to 1100 Source: Investment Oriented study on Minerals and Minerals based Industries April 2004 by Expert Advisory Cell Annexure –II Coal – Potential Opportunities 27 .2 to 14.2 to 7.24 14.3 34.4 37.7 4.2 to 6.16 4622 to 7552 5772 to 10898 1.5 to 39.7 7100 to 11100 6 7 8 9 LAKHRA THAR SONDA-THATA MEETING-JHIMPIR Meeting Jhimpir 28.9 26.6 8500 to 12400 9200 to 10300 9500 to 11850 4 5 MAKERWAL SALT RANGE SINDH 3.

1.1) • • 2) • • • 3) • Coal utilization in Cement industry. Conversion of entire cement industry would require around 2. Manufacturing of Smokeless Coal Briquetters A viable project to manufacture smokeless coal both for domestic and commercial uses as its calorific value (Btu/Rs) is highest as compared to wood. gasification is better-utilized option for Thar coal. Production of Soft Coke for Foundry industries Coal of Orakzai Agency is suitable for production of soft coke to meet the requirements of foundry and engineering industries 4) 5) Coal Utilization for power Generation Can be used for power generation cement and other heat intensive industries. 28 . Replacement of gas/oil with smokeless coal may be explored. 7) Gasification Due to limited gas reserves in the country and to utilize Thar coal in best way.5 million Coal per annum. kerosene oil. Phased conversion of cement plants from fuel oil to coal is under implementation.e. Coal utilization in Sugar industry There are 76 sugar mills in the country producing more than 10 million tons of bagasse. This bagasse is used mainly for burning in the boilers for producing steam in power generation to meet the electricity requirement of the mills It has been estimated that the sugar mills based on coal need 4000-4500 tons of coal per day i.5 million tons of coal annually. 6) Use of Coal in Boilers There are more than 4000 boilers in the country that use furnace oil or natural gas.0 to 1. Charcoal etc.

establishment of coal up-gradation/washing plants is needed. To minimize such deleterious material in indigenous coal and to make it acceptable for processing industry. Annexure –III Province.wise Breakup of Marble and Granite Processing Industries in Pakistan 29 .8) Coal Washing Indigenous coal contains high Sulphur and high ash contents due to which processing industry is reluctant to utilize it.

of Factaries 700 130 80 10 920 No.of Local Gang Saw 45 60 75 1 181 No.of Imported Gang Saw 3 40 7 0 50 No.Province No.of Imported Vertical Machine 10 60 05 00 75 NWFP SINDH PUNJAB BALOCHISTAN Total Source: All Pakistan Marble industry Association of Pakistan Annexure –IV 30 .of Local Vertical Machine 690 70 80 10 850 No.

No. grossular) S.No. Name 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 Rodingite Rutile Ruby Serpentine Spessartine (garnet) Spinel Topaz Tourmaline Turquoise Vesuvianite Annexure –V 31 .GEMS AND PRECIOUS STONES FOUND IN PAKISTAN S.No. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Name Actinolite Agate Aquamarine Amazonite Azurite Beryl Emerald Epidote Garnet (alamandine) Garnet (green. 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 Name Hessonite Idocrase Jadeite Kunzite Kyanite Marganite Moonstone Pargasite Peridot Quartz (citrin & others) S.

Lasbela. Dusso in Skardu District Chilas.Gemstone Productive Areas Gemstone Emerald Ruby Pink Topaz Light Pink Topaz Peridot Spinel Aquamarine Tourmaline Feldspar Quartz Topaz Zircon Agate Garnet Turquoise Productive Areas Swat. Skardu Chagi Hills-Balochistan Source : Investment Guide 2004. Gilgit. Nagarparkar. Chitral Skardu. Bulechi-Northern Tribal areas Skardu. Azad Kshmir. Chitral. Muhmand & Bajour Agency Hunza. Gilgit. Gilgit Nagarparkar. Malakand Agency. Chitral Shingus and Bulechi in Gilgit District.Gilgit.Sind. Neelam Valley(Azad Kashmir) and Upper Hunza Mardan Mardan Kohistan Hunza Vally Eastern Part of Gilgit. Chitral Neelum valley-Azad Kashmir. Expert Advisory Cell Annexure –VI 32 . Dir Kohistan Swat. Targhao-Bajaur Agency.

bronze and copper nickel Phosphatic Fertilizers. sugar and other heat installation units & for the production of smokeless coal for households. Phosphoric acid. used as alloys of brass. Lead and Zinc Ores Beneficiated iron ores of Delband. Jewellery. Export. As amender for saline sodic soils. correction of low quality tube wells water. di-chromates & chrome pigments. Punjab in the blast furnace of Steel Mills to substitute imports costing billion of rupees per annum. building material as gypsum plaster and gypsum plaster sand blocks.Potential Projects Minerals/ Rocks Copper Potential Projects______________________________ and copper based chemicals. Zinc sulphate for rice field and lead for the manufacturing of paints. animal feed. coal oil slurries for injecting as fuel in industrial & power plants. Iron Ores Export potential of metallurgical grade chromite. Recovery of gold from Indus sand and gold rocks. Exploitation of small copper deposit. Gold To mine and produce concentrates for export till economy of scale permit their local production. Possibility of undertaking studies on coalwater. stock piling. Thermal power generation. Balochistan and Sargodha. 33 . cement. brick kiln. Refractory grade is used as a refractory material for the production of chrome-magnesite basic refractories. Chromite Coal Gypsum Rock Phosphate Export potential as blister copper and cathode copper. for production of copper concentrate and to use it for production of copper based chemicals. Chemical grade chromite is used for chemical industries and for the production of chromates.

steel mills in blast furnaces. Grounded barite is used as a weighting medium in drilling of oil and gas wells. chemicals like soda ash. paint. and electrode and foundry grade concentrates Production of battery grade manganese dioxide form indigenous manganese ores and production of potassium permanganate Limestone Magnesite Gemstone Natural Stones China Clay (kaolin) Barite Soapstone (Talc) Graphite Manganese Ore Annexure –VII Export Potential of Mineral Products S. paper and rubber industry Beneficiation of graphite to produce pencil. Ceramic plant for pottery and sanitary ware. Export potential value addition through cutting and polishing. caustic soda. glass and paint industries Cosmetics. cement.Rock-Salt To produce iodated table salt. reactor.No Mineral Products Clear Potential Marginal Potential 34 . Mainly Building Material. ceramic. Slaked lime. sodium sulphide. building and road material etc. mineral mixture for livestock. sodium sulphate etc. Basic refractories-Import substitution –production of magnesium metal from magnesite. Also used in chemicals. crucible.

Korea. Singapore Thailand. Indonesia.Korea.Arabia Egypt. South Korea Magnesium Hydroxide(high grade) Turkey Magnesium Oxide Japan Calcium Carbonate (Precipitated) S. S.Korea. .grade) Ferric Chloride Magnesite Refractories Magnesium Carbonate -Saudi Arabia . Thailand Magnesium Dioxide S. Oman.1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Barium Carbonate (high grade) Heat Insulating Bricks Chromium Oxide (tech. Dubai. Singapore. Thailand.Indonesia. Thailand ------S. Thailand Malaysia ------- Malaysia ----- 11 Sodium Hydrogen Sulphate S. Qatar ------Japan.Abu Dhabi.Korea. Malaysia 12 Sodium Sulphate ----- Singapore. Kenya Source: Investment Oriented Study on Minerals and Mineral based industries April. 2004 Expert Advisory Cell Annexure –VIII 35 . Malaysia Saudi Arabia ---- Malaysia Saudi Arabia.

S.Korea.No 1 Mineral a) Gypsum Rock b) Calcined Gypsum Clear Potential -Singapore. Kenya. Saudi Arabia Saudi Arabia. Dubai. Abu Dhabi ---- Marginal Potential SriLanka. Abu Dhabi Bahrain. Singapore Indonesia Malaysia. Singapore. Thailand. Singapore.Korea. Kuwait Dubai Japan. Malaysia.Export Potential of Minerals and Gemstones S. Saudi Arabia Dubai. Singapore Indonesia Japan.S. South Korea. Oman Malaysia.Singapore.Malaysia Singapore. Dubai Abu Dhabi Japan. Dubai. Singapore Japan. S. South Korea Indonesia. Kuwait ---- 9 Granite (Blocks/Slabs) 10 11 Precious & Semi-Precious Stones(rough/ worked) Chromite ---Japan Source: Investment Oriented Study on Minerals and Mineral based industries April. 5 6.Thailand.S. S. 7 Magnesite (natural/ calcined Blast Sand (Silica) Fuller’s Earth (activated/ natural) Barytes (API ground/ natural) a) Onyx (articles/Slabs) b) Marble (Blocks) Gulf countries (API) ground 8 Japan. Indonesia.Japan 2 Rock Salt 3 a) Refractory b) Dolomite Blocks 4. Dubai. Saudi Arabia. S. Egypt Japan. Singapore Malaysia. Indonesia Singapore. 2004 Expert Advisory Cell 36 . Saudi Arabia Kenya.Korea.Singapore.Arabia. Malaysia. Malaysia. Malaysia Japan.Korea. Malaysia Kenya. Arabia. Singapore. Kuwait.

Exim Bank Greece …………… Belgium BMI-SBI Sweden Swed Fund Intl. Machinery Metal & Metal products Machinery & Equipment.EXIM Capital TDA China Exim Bank ADB Japan JBIC.AB DTA/BITs  /X  / / /X / / Focused Sectors Mining Mining Relocation of Electronic Industry ( Electrical & Home Appliances) Materials. Embassy of Embassy of OP’s. Parep. Iron & Steel Products.existing Marketing Chambers Targeted Cos.Parep Embassy. existing Chamber. CC Embassy. Ops.Cos Chambers.Annexure –IX Country Specific Strategy USA Invest OPIC. Chambers. Ops. &Targeted Cos Channels CC/HIC(3) Ops.Cos China (Pak) Japan (Pak) Chambers. Cos Chambers CC/HIC(1) Embassy OP’s/Cos .CC Embassy Ops. Electrical Goods.

kms.000 30+10 Source: Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Resources Annexure -XI . # Category Area Applicati on Processi ng Time (Days) Within 120 Days Application Fee (Rs) Renewal Fee(Rs) Rent Rs/ Sq.000 2+1 With in 120 days 100.000 Not Renewable 1 Year -First Renewal Second Renewal 3.Annexure –X Types of Mineral Titles S.000 3.Km Period ` 1.000 3. Mineral deposit Area in Retention License Exploration license column could be retained for 2 year with 1 year extension 4.000 sq. 10% area of Reconnaissan ce license and not exceeding 1000 sq.000 100.kms. With in 120 days 25.000 250 750 Year 1-3 Year 4 With in 180 days 100.000 100. 15. Mining Lease 250 kms. Reconnaissance License Exploration License 100 to 10. 2.

List of Ongoing Mineral Sector Projects S. Balochistan Name of Foreign/ Local Company MCC Resources Development Limited Country China Amount of Investment US $ 30 million 2 Tethyan Copper Company Limited M/s Shenhua Grou Company of China MCC Resource Development Australia US $ 130 million 3 4 China China US $ 400 million US $ 72 million 5 Bolan Mining Enterprise (A public sector organization a 50:50 joint venture of M/s PPL & Government of Balochistan ----- Source: Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Resources. Annexure -XII . Balochistan Reko Dik Copper-Gold Project Thar Coal Project Sindh Duddar leadzinc Project Balochistan Dilband iron ore depost.No 1 Project Name Saindak Copper Gold Project.

.3 12.4 491 12.1 6.3 319.4 5.9 2.2 19.7 274.4 35 29.8 1214 18.3 34.8 % Share FDI 26.0 24.7 31.8 188.2 0.7 18.7 23.1 2.6 12.2 4.6 29 297.2 9.2 203.3 54.4 18.4 39 11.4 467 13.8 44 2004-05 3.6 22.4 Source: Federal Bureau of Statistics % Change 4.08 Source: State Bank of Pakistan Annexure -XIII INVESTMENT OPPORTUNITIES IN MINERAL SECTOR.5 28. Year 2000-01 2001-02 2002-03 2003-04 2004-05 2005-06 US $ million 84.0 1640 23.5 194.tonnes 000 tonnes 000 tonnes 000 tonnes 000 tonnes 2003-04 3.1 42 2004-05 2005-06 July-March 2.4 2.1 34 166.3 38.7 9.Barrels 000 tonnes 000 tonnes 000 tonnes Min.0 22.7 1374 13.5 3.5 436 11.6 552 14.3 FDI inflow in Mining and Quarrying.Extraction of Principal Minerals Minerals Coal Natural Gas Crude Oil Chromites Dolomite Gypsum Limestone Magnetite Rock Salt Sulphur Baryte Units of the Quantity Million tonnes 000 MMCFT Min.1 46 199.0 1648 24.7 -6.7 167.5 10.8 3.

2. limestone). Utilization of low-grade iron ores for commissioning Steel Mill. Coal based power generation projects. 6. Lapidary industry. marble. 3. Annexure -XIV List of Companies in Minerals sector . 5. 7. Mining/cutting and polishing of hard/soft dimension stone (Granite. Commissioning of coal washing plants for up gradation of indigenous coal for processing industry. Commissioning of Fullers Earth plant from Bentonite deposit. Mining and establishment of rock salt based chemical industries.1. 4.

) LIMITED CHINESE MINING COMPANY (PVT. AMBASSADOR ENTERPRISE (PVT)LTD ASIAN MINING (PRIVATE) LIMITED ASIF IQBAL MINING CORPORATION (PVT.S. BALUCHISTAN COAL COMPANY (PRIVATE) LIMITED BALUCHISTAN ONYX DEVELOPMENT CORPORATION (PRIVATE) LIMITED BALUSHISTAN SULPHUR ( PRIVATE) LIMITED BIBI FEROZE ONYX MARBLE MINES (PRIVATE) LIMITED BILAL COAL COMPANY (PRIVATE) LIMITED Bolan Minning Enterprises CHAMAL ASSOCIATES (PRIVATE) LIMITED CHAWLA RUBBER & PLASTIC INDUSTRIES (PVT.) LIMITED Company Name FRONTIER MINING COMPANY (PVT. ( PRIVATE) LIMITED.) LIMITED EJAZ COAL MINES LIMITED ELAHI CHEMICALS (PVT.) LIMITED EMERALD MINING COMPANY (PVT.) LIMITED DADABHOY UNI MINERALS LIMITED DESCON MINEX (PVT.) LIMITED AL-GILLANI MARBLE INDUSTRIES (PRIVATE) LIMITED AL-HARAM (PRIVATE) LIMITED AL-JABAL INTERNATIONAL (PVT.) LIMITED FEROZE MINING (PVT.) LIMITED AWAN MINES (PRIVATE) LIMITED AZIZ MINES (PRIVATE) LIMITED BALUCH COAL CO.No 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 S.) LIMITED CHITRAL MINING & EXPLORATION (PVT.No 39 40 41 Company Name A & M MINERAL CONCENTRATES (PVT.) LIMITED COAL MINING CORPORATION (PRIVATE) LIMITED CREAMEE (PVT.) LIMITED ABABIL MINERALS (PVT.) LIMITED ABI SALEH (PRIVATE) LIMITED AJMAL MINNING CORPORATION (PRIVATE) LIMITED AL-ABBAS COAL AND SALT COMPANY (PRIVATE) LIMITED.) LIMITED EASTERN SALT RANGE MINING (PRIVATE) LIMITED EASTREN BALUCHISTAN COAL TRADING CO. AL-ABBAS MINING (PVT. EHSAN AND SALEEM MINING CORPORATION (PVT.) LIMITED GANDHALA MINERAL COMPANY (PRIVATE) LIMITED GERMAN PAKISTAN MARBLE & GRANITE MINING Company Kind Private Company Private Company Private Company Private Company Private Company Private Company Private Company Private Private Private Private Private Private Company Company Company Company Company Company Private Company Private Company Private Company Public Unlisted Company Private Company Private Company Private Company Private Company Private Company Private Company Private Company Private Company Private Company Private Company Private Company Private Company Public Unlisted Company Private Company Private Company Private Company Private Company Public Unlisted Company Private Company Private Company Private Company Company Kind Private Company Private Company Private Company . LIMITED.) LIMITED AL-MADAN COAL COMPANY (PVT) LTD ALI MINING CORPORATION (PVT) LTD.

CONSULT QUARRYING AND MINING (PVT. NATURAL RESOURCES DEVELOPMENT COMPANY (PVT.No 84 85 86 87 88 GHANI CHORMITE MINES (PVT) LTD.) LIMITED LUNA INDUSTRIES (PRIVATE) LIMITED LUXURY INTERNATIONAL CORP.COMPANY (PVT. LAKHRA COAL DEVELOPMENT COMPANY LIMITED Private Company Private Company Private Company Public Listed Company Private Company Private Company Private Private Private Private Private Private Private Company Company Company Company Company Company Company Private Company Private Company Private Company Private Company Private Company Private Company Private Company Private Company Private Company Private Company Private Company Private Company Private Company Private Company Public Unlisted Company Private Company Private Company Private Company Private Company Private Company Private Company Private Company Private Company Private Company Public Unlisted Company Private Company Private Company Private Company Public Unlisted Company Company Name LEPAK MINING COMPANY (PVT. KATHWAI COAL MINES (PVT) LIMITED KHAN COAL MINES (PRIVAE) LIMITED KHAN PERVAZ COAL MINES (PVT.) LIMITED HUSSAIN TURAB MINES PAKISTAN (PVT.) LIMITED KHARAN MINERALS (PRIVATE) LIMITED KHAWAGAHK (PVT. AWAN COAL (PVT. IQBAL COAL MINES (PRIVATE) LIMITED H.) LIMITED HABIBULLAH MINES (PVT.) LIMITED KUND MINING SYNDICATE (PRIVATE) LIMITED Klaiz PVT LTD.) LIMITED KHUDADAD INDUSTRIES (PRIVATE) LIMITED KISHAN MINING COMPANY (PRIVATE) LIMITED KOH-KAN (PVT) LTD KOHAT COAL MINING & TRADING COMPANY LIMITED KOHISTAN COAL COMPANY (PVT. M.) LIMITED 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 S.) LIMITED INTERNATIONAL COAL COMPANY (PRIVATE) LIMITED IRFAN COAL MINES (PRIVATE) LIMITED ITTEHAD COAL MINES CHAKWAL (PRIVATE) LIMITED JASAM COAL INDUSTRIES (PVT) LTD JET STAR (PRIVATE) LIMITED K.B. W.) LTD HABIBULLAH SONS (PRIVATE) LIMITED HAQDAR COAL COMPANY (PRIVATE) LIMITED HAROON MINES (PVT. GHANI MINES ( PRIVATE ) LIMITED GILANI COMPANY (PRIVATE) LIMITED GILLETTE PAKISTAN LIMITED H & K COAL (PRIVATE) LIMITED H.) LIMITED HASHMI BROTHERS (PRIVATE) LIMITED HAZARA MINING AND PROSPECTING COMPANY (PVT) LTD HUNZA MINING CORPORATION (PVT.) LIMITED HABIBULLAH LAKHRA COAL (PVT.) LIMITED K.) LIMITED KAKAR ENTERPRISES (PVT) LIMITED KALAT COAL COMPANY (PRIVATE) LIMITED KAMAL ENTERPRISES LIMITED KARIM BROTHERS MINING (PRIVATE) LIMITED.) LIMITED INDUS COAL MINES (PRIVATE) LIMITED INDUS MINERALS (PVT. FAZAL HAQ & COMPANY (PVT) LTD MACH MINERALS ENTERPRISES ( PRIVATE) Company Kind Private Company Private Company Foreign Company Private Company Private Company . M.

) LIMITED PAK HAMALIA SALT IMPEX (PVT. NATIONAL MINING COMPANY (PRIVATE) LIMITED NAWAAL MUSHTAQ (PVT.89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 LIMITED MARBLE INDUSTRIES (PRIVATE) LIMITED MATAN COAL COMPANY (PRIVAATE) LIMITED` MCC DUDDAR MINERALS DEVELOPMENT COMPANY (PRIVATE) LIMITED MCC RESOURCES DEVELOPMENT COMPANY (PVT) LIMITED MEHMOODANI (PRIVATE) LIMITED MEHRAN MINING COMPANY (PRIVATE) LIMITED MEHRAN MINING INDUSTRIES (PRIVATE) LIMITED METMIN MINING CORPORATION (PRIVATE) LIMITED M/s BHP Minerals Internationa Exploration Inc MIAN MULTIPURPOSE PLASTIC INDUSTRIES (PVT. NAQVI COAL CORPORATION (PVT) LTD.No 124 125 126 127 128 129 Private Company Company Kind Private Company Private Company Private Company Private Company Public Unlisted Company Private Company . JAMIL & CO (PRIVATE) LIMITED MUJADID MARBLE INDUSTRIES ( PRIVATE) LIMITED NAGAR MINING INDUSTRIES (PRIVATE) LIMITED NAKSHBANDI AND COMPANY ( PRIVATE) LIMITED.) LIMITED M/s Metallurgical Construction Corporation (Group) MODERN MINING PROCESSING (PRIVATE) LIMITED MOHAMMAD AMIN BROS.) LIMITED MIDUS MINING INDUSTRIES (PRIVATE) LIMITED MINERAL EXPLORATION AND DEVELOPMENT BALUCHISTAN (PVT) LIMITED MINING & MINERALS (PRIVATE) LIMITED MINING INDUSTRIES OF PAKISTAN (PRIVATE) LIMITED MINING INTERNATIONAL (PVT.) LIMITED Private Company Private Company Private Company Private Company Private Company Private Company Private Company Private Company Foreign Company Private Company Private Company Private Company Private Company Private Company Private Company Private Company Private Company Private Company Private Company Foreign Company Private Company Foreign Company Private Company Private Company Foreign Company Foreign Company Private Company Private Company Private Company Private Private Private Private Private Company Company Company Company Company 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 S.) LIMITED M/s Shenhua Group MIRZA COLLARIES (PVT.) LIMITED PAKISTAN CHROME MINES LIMITED PAKISTAN MINERAL DEVELOPMENT CORPORATION (PVT.) LIMITED MINTECH BLUE (PVT.) LIMITED PAK INDUSTRIAL & MINING SYNDICATE (PRIVATE) LIMITED Company Name PAK NATIONAL INDUSTRY OF PAKISTAN (PRIVATE) LIMITED PAK ROCK MINING (PRIVATE) LIMITED.) LIMITED PAKISTAN CALCIUM CARBONATE (PVT. (PRIVATE) LIMITED M/s BHP Minerals International M/s Tethyan Copper Company Ltd MOHD.) LIMITED MIR HAJI TAREEN COAL MINES (PRIVATE) LIMITED MIR QADIR BAKHSH & BROTHERS (PRIVATE) LIMITED MIRZA & KHAWAJA (PVT. PAK SERPENTINE MINING & EXPLORATION (PVT.

130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 S.) LIMITED TAREEN MARBEL INDUSTRIES ( PRIVATE) LIMITED THAR MINING AND PROCESSING (PRIVATE) LIMITED THE AZIZ COAL COMPANY ( PRIVATE) LIMITED THE KATHA COLLIERIES (PAKISTAN ) (PVT.) LIMITED REHMAN COAL COMPANY (PRIVATE) LIMITED RIAZ NAWAZ AND COMPANY (PVT) LIMITED ROHTAS MINES (PVT.) LIMITED RAMARMO (PRIVATE) LIMITED RAZVI MINING (PVT.) LIMITED REHMAN CHEMICAL INDUSTRIES (PVT.) LIMITED TIM COALS [PVT] LTD TRANS POLYMERS LIMITED UNITED COLLIERIES (PRIVATE) LIMITED WANHAR SALT CORPORATION LIMITED WEST PAK MINING CORPORATION LIMITED (THATTA) ZAFAR MINING COMPANY (PRIVATE) LIMITED ZAVER MINING COMPANY (PRIVATE) LIMITED Company Name ZEHRI CORPORATION (PRIVATE) LIMITED ZEHRI ENTERPRISES (PRIVATE) LIMITED ZIARAT MINING CORPORATION (PRIVATE) LIMITED.) LIMITED PUNJAB STEEL & IRON ORE MINING (PVT.No 166 167 168 PAKISTAN STONE DEVELOPMENT COMPANY PARACHA MINES (PRIVATE) LIMITED PREMIER MINING AND SERVICES (PVT.) LIMITED SINKONI MINING ENTERPRISES (PRIVATE) LIMITED STANDARD MINING COMPANY (PRIVATE) LIMITED STONE CRAFT INDUSTRIES LIMITED STONYX (PRIVATE) LIMITED SURAJ ANTICO PAKISTAN (PRIVATE) LIMITED TANAWAL MINING ASSOCIATES (PVT.) LIMITED PRIME COLLIERIES (PVT.) LIMITED SAADAT ALI & SONS SALT MINING (PRIVATE) LIMITED SALEHEEN MARBLE ( PRIVATE) LIMITED SANDAK METALS LIMITED SANLONG MINING AND TRADING COMPANY (PRIVATE) LIMITED SARWAR & HAMID MINING CORPORATION (PRIVATE) LIMITED SAZAYS ENTERPRISES (PRIVATE) LIMITED SHAHAB COAL MINES (PVT) LTD SHIGREE COLLARIES (PVT. Associations under section 42 Private Company Private Company Private Company Private Company Private Private Private Private Private Company Company Company Company Company Private Company Private Company Private Company Public Unlisted Company Private Company Private Company Private Company Private Company Private Company Private Company Private Company Public Unlisted Company Private Company Private Company Private Company Private Company Private Company Private Company Private Company Private Company Public Unlisted Company Private Company Public Unlisted Company Private Company Private Company Private Company Company Kind Private Company Private Company Private Company .

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