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Document Code:
Zach Coughlin, esq.
Nevada Bar No: 9473
11 !iver !oc" #t.
!eno, N$ %9&'1
(a): 949*++7*74'
,ttorne- .or Dana /arris .or un0undled services
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GINA JONES;
;lainti..,
vs.
DANA HARRIS<
De.endant.
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Case No.: FV05-04296
E,MERGENC MO!ION !O
MODIF"ENFORCE VISI!A!ION
ORDER"MO!ION !O SHO# CA$SE"
MO!ION FOR ORDER SHOR!ENING
!IME
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2he undersigned a>ologi?es .or the some@hat ill .ormatted nature o. this
>leading, caused 0- the unla@.ul rent distraint some attorne-s li"e to >ractice on other
attorne-s o..ice equi>ment, client .iles, driverAs license, com>uters, hard drives, etc.
@hen the- are re>resenting their Beverl- /ills /# graduate neurosurgeon landlord
clients in retaliator- summar- eviction >roceedings....#ometimes an attorne- needs to
har"en 0ac" to great. Bold, 0rave moments in Budicial histor-. 7i"e the time that
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maveric" 9udge #chumacher a>>lied N!C; 11 sanctions to the D,. 1..ice o. :ashoe
Count- Dist. ,tt-. v. #econd 9udicial Dist. Court e) rel. Count- o. :ashoe, 11+ Nev.
+9, & ;.3d &+ E'''= . 2he D, a0solutel- is su0Bect to N!C; 11, and so is an- @ith
the :ashoe Count- ;u0lic De.enderAs 1..ice. F5n a case 0rought 0- the district
attorne- to en.orce a :ashington child su>>ort order in Nevada, the district court
im>osed N!C; 11 sanctions against the district attorne- .or .ailing to discontinue
en.orcement o. the su>>ort order a.ter the district courtAs >revious ruling that
:ashington had continuing e)clusive Burisdiction to adBudicate the arrearage amount.F
District attorne-As o..ice, as a non*>art- in underl-ing >roceedings to en.orce out*o.*
state child su>>ort order, did not have right to a>>eal district courtAs order im>osing
!ule 11 sanctions against the o..ice, and thus @rit o. mandamus @as an availa0le
remed-. 1..ice o. :ashoe Count- Dist. ,tt-. v. #econd 9udicial Dist. Court e) rel.
Count- o. :ashoe, ''', & ;.3d &+, 11+ Nev. +9. District Budge a0used his
discretion in im>osing G,&'' sanctions against cit- manager and cit- attorne- .or their
alleged .ailure to >artici>ate in good .aith in settlement con.erence and, there.ore,
>etition .or @rit o. mandamus to >revent district court .rom en.orcing sanctions @ould
0e granted< sanctions levied did not .it >ur>orted violations at issue. Cit- o. #>ar"s v.
#econd 9udicial Dist. Court 5n and (or Count- o. :ashoe, 199+, 9' ;.d 1'14, 11
Nev. 9&.
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No@, the undersigned is not as"ing 4our /onor to order sanctions against the
D,, 0ut rather to a>>l- this CourtAs acumen and e)>ertise to this situation as it see .it.
/o@ the D, can attach 6r. /arrisAs @age, ma"ing the incredi0le lengths and e)>enses
he goes to to see his little girl during the holida-s, 0e.ore he even gets a hearing, is
incredi0le. :hat is more incredi0le is the e)tent to @hich Cina 9ones has .ailed to >a-
her share o. the travel e)>enses. ;erha>s, 6s. 9ones reall- needs to consider @hether a
N!C; +'E0= 6otino to #et ,side the original $isitation and #u>>ort 1rder @ould 0e
a>>ro>riate, given some o. the things the udnersigned has heard @ith res>ect to the
voida0ilit- o. the original 8CC9, Burisdiction, vis a vis, @hether 6s. 9ones @as reall-
living in !eno or in Ne@ 4or". 2here is not limitations >eriod .or void Budgments to
0e set aside, and .urther, Budgments >rocurred through .raud or e)cusa0le neglect ma-
have the 1%' da- limitations >eriod tolled under certain circumstances. :h- 6s.
9ones thin"s those vulnera0ilities in her case @ould ma"e leveraging the >o@er o. the
D,As 1..ice a good idea, is not at all clear.
N!# 1&C.'' !ights o. noncustodial >arent: ,dditional visits to com>ensate
.or @rong.ul de>rivation o. right to visit. 1. 5n a dis>ute concerning the rights o. a
noncustodial >arent to visit his or her child, the court ma-, i. it .inds that the
noncustodial >arent is 0eing @rong.ull- de>rived o. his or her right to visit, enter a
Budgment ordering the custodial >arent to >ermit additional visits to com>ensate .or the
visit o. @hich the noncustodial >arent @as de>rived. . ,n additional visit must 0e: Ea=
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1. the same t->e and duration as the @rong.ull- denied visit< E0= 2a"en @ithin 1 -ear
a.ter the @rong.ull- denied visit< and Ec= ,t a time chosen 0- the noncustodial >arent.
3. 2he noncustodial >arent must give the court and the custodial >arent @ritten notice
o. his or her intention to ma"e the additional visit at least 7 da-s 0e.ore the >ro>osed
visit i. it is to 0e on a @ee"da- or @ee"end and at least 3' da-s 0e.ore the >ro>osed
visit i. it is to 0e on a holida- or vacation. E,dded to N!# 0- 19%&, 1%9=H
E#u0stituted in revision .or N!# 1&,.3''= N!# 1&C.'3' 5m>risonment .or
contem>t .or .ailure to com>l- @ith Budgment ordering additional visit. 1. , custodial
>arent @ho .ails to com>l- @ith a Budgment ordering an additional visit ma-, u>on a
Budgment o. the court, 0e .ound guilt- o. contem>t and sentenced to im>risonment in
the count- Bail. During the >eriod o. im>risonment, the court ma- authori?e his or her
tem>orar- release .rom con.inement during such hours and under such su>ervision as
the court determines are necessar- to allo@ the custodial >arent to go to and return
.rom his or her >lace o. em>lo-ment. . , custodial >arent im>risoned .or contem>t
>ursuant to su0section 1 must 0e released .rom the Bail i. the court has reasona0le
cause to 0elieve that the custodial >arent @ill com>l- @ith the order .or the additional
visit.
Cause o. ,ction .or 2rans.er o. ChildAs Custod- Based on Custodial ;arentAs
5nter.er* ence :ith $isitation !ights 4' C1,d 41<. 6ac"*6anle- v. 6anle-, 1
Nev. %49< 13% ;.3d &&< E''+=<, noncustodial >arent see"ing relie. .rom the
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custodial >arentAs inter.erence @ith visitation rights ma- not have a trans.er o. the
childAs custod- as the >rimar- o0Bective or ma- not 0e a0le to >resent a su..icientl-
strong case to Busti.- a modi.ication o. the custod- order. 1ther actions are availa0le
@hich ma- ena0le the noncustodial >arent to en.orce e)isting visitation rights or to
.acilitate the e)ercise o. those rights. (or e)cellent e)tended anal-sis o. these al*
ternatives, see (ein0erg I 7oe0, Custod- and $isitation 5nter.erence: ,lternative
!emedies, 1 9. ,m. ,cad. 6atrim. 7a@. 71 E1994=< see also 3lrod, Child Custod-
;ractice and ;roced* ure JJ 1&:1 et seq. 1ne a>>roach that the noncustodial >arent
ma- ta"e is to see" a modi.ication o. the visita* tion >rovisions o. the custod- order.
#ee, e.g., Cummings v. Cummings, 73 #o. d %9% E(la. Dist. Ct. ,>>. 4th Dist. 199%=.
5t ma- 0e >ossi0le .or the noncustodial >arent to o0tain a s>e* ci.ic visitation schedule
@hich is more readil- en.orcea0le. 6cCammon v. 6cCammon, +%' #.:.d 19+ E6o.
Ct. ,>>. :.D. 19%4= Enoncustodial >arentAs visitation >rivileges modi.ied to s>eci.-
times @hen, and conditions under @hich, visitation ma- ta"e >lace=. :here the cus*
todial >arentAs inter.erence @ith visitation rights ta"es the .orm o. moving @ith the
child to a distant location, an a>>lication to modi.- the noncustodial >arentAs visitation
rights so as to re* quire .e@er, 0ut longer, >eriods o. visitation and a sharing o.
trans>ortation e)>enses ma- 0e a>>ro>riate. #ee, e.g., 5n re 6arriage o. /arris, +7'
;.d 44+ EColo. Ct. ,>>. 19%3=s>eci.- times @hen, and conditions under @hich,
visitation ma- ta"e >lace=. :here the cus* todial >arentAs inter.erence @ith visitation
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rights ta"es the .orm o. moving @ith the child to a distant location, an a>>lication to
modi.- the noncustodial >arentAs visitation rights so as to re* quire .e@er, 0ut longer,
>eriods o. visitation and a sharing o. trans>ortation e)>enses ma- 0e a>>ro>riate. #ee,
e.g., 5n re 6arriage o. /arris, +7' ;.d 44+ EColo. Ct. ,>>. 19%3= Ecustodial >arent
ordered to >a- one*hal. cost o. trans>ortation o. children to e..ect visitation=< Cataldi
v. #ha@, 1'1 ,.D.d %3, 47& N.4.#.d 4%' Ed De>At 19%4= Enoncustodial >arent
given right to minimum o. si) @ee"sA visitation during summer vacation and relie.
.rom child su>>ort during visitation >eriods=< ;-le v. ;-le, 11 1hio ,>>. 3d 31, 4+3
N.3.d 9% E%th Dist. Cu-ahoga Count- 19%3= Ecustodial mother @as required to share
increased cost o. visitation necessitated 0- her relocation=. :hen the custodial >arentAs
inter.erence @ith visitation rights violates the >rovisions o. a court order, the
institution o. contem>t >roceedings ma- 0e an e..ective @a- .or the non* custodial
>arent to en.orce visitation rights. #ee, e.g., 7ee v. 7ee, ''' 62 +7, 99+ ;.d 3%9
E6ont. '''=, citing 6ilanovich v. 6ilanovich, '1 6ont. 33, +&& ;.d 9+3 E19%=.
5n .act, the court ma- 0e un@illing to consider modi.ication o. a custod- order 0-
trans.erring custod- o. the child to the noncustodial >arent unless it has .irst attem>ted
to give e..ect to the order 0- means o. its contem>t >o@er. ,s a general rule, there are
restraints on the a0ilit- o. a court to modi.- a child custod- or* der. 2he court ma- 0e
una0le to consider modi.ication unless it .irst .inds that a change in cir* cumstances
has occurred since entr- o. the order. /o@ever, .rustration o. visitation, @ith nothing
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more, ma- not Busti.- a change o. custod-< the trial court must consider @hether it is in
childAs 0est interest to change custod-. !aleigh v. #mith, %% #o. d 1'&& E(la. Dist.
Ct. ,>>. d Dist. ''4=< see also Bro@n v. :hite, 3 ,.D.3d 743, 77' N.4.#.d %'9
E3d De>At ''4=< ;ace v. ;ace, ''1 :4 43, ;.3d %+1 E:-o. ''1= Ealthough
encouraging >arent* child contact 0- minimi?ing the >arentsA inter.erence @ith one
anotherAs visitation is certainl- a valid o0Bective, it cannot 0e the sole 0asis .or a
custod- a@ard=. 2his is true in virtuall- all ,merican Burisdictions. (or e)am>le, in
,la0ama, a visitation dis>ute, alone, is not a su..i* cient 0asis u>on @hich to modi.- an
e)isting custod- Budgment< ho@ever, @hen visitation >ro0lems are cou>led @ith one
>arentAs attem>ts to damage or destro- the other >arentAs rela* tionshi> @ith the child, a
change o. custod- ma- 0e @arranted. Chee" v. D-ess, ''7 :7 &+''+ E,la. Civ.
,>>. ''7=, cert. quashed, ''% :7 474+43 E,la. ''%=. 5nter.erence @ith visitation
in some Burisdictions can, under certain circumstances, 0e su.* .icient to @arrant a
change in custod-. #ee, e.g., ,l.ieri v. ,l.ieri, 1'& N.6. 373, 733 ;.d 4 ECt. ,>>.
19%7= E, custodial >arentAs demonstrated lac" o. coo>eration and re.usal to .ollo@
>rior court orders concerning visitation ma- constitute grounds .or a change o. custod-
in an e)treme case.=. #ome Burisdictions ta"e a Khard*lineL a>>roach 0- statute. (or
e)am>le, N./. !ev. #tat. ,nn. J 4&%:17 >rovides that >arental intentional inter.erence
@ith custod- or visita* tion shall 0e grounds .or modi.ication o. custodial orders.
Nonetheless, the >aramount concern underl-ing ultimate resolution o. the case remains
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the 0est interest o. the child. #ee 3lrod, Child Custod- ;ractice and ;rocedure J
17:+.#tatutor- .actor addressing @hether there @as esta0lished >attern o. conduct on
>art o. re* locating >arent to >romote or th@art relationshi> o. child and non*relocating
>arent did not .a* vor .ormer hus0and or .ormer @i.e regarding .ormer hus0andAs
>ro>osed relocation @ith child to 2e)as< evidence sho@ed that 0oth >arties had acted
contentiousl- to@ards each other at di.* .erent times throughout >roceeding @ith
neither >art- clearl- acting more egregiousl- than the other, and evidence indicated
that 0oth >arties had desire to su>>ort childAs relationshi> @ith other >arent. 7#,M!.#.
9:3&&.1E,=E&=. Cass v. Cass, & #o. 3d 1& E7a. Ct. ,>>. 3d Cir. '1'=. , custodianAs
denial o. child visitation rights to the non*custodial >arent can 0e a change in
circumstances that ma- Busti.- modi.ication o. custod-, es>eciall- @here the evidence
sho@s an unBusti.ied and .lagrant >attern o. @ill.ul denial o. visitation. $.,.6.#. J
4&.41'E1= E!e>ealed=. /ighto@er v. 6-ers, 3'4 #.:.3d 77 E6o. '1'=. 2he
o0struction 0- a custodial >arent o. visitation 0et@een a child and the noncustodial
>arent ma-, i. continuous, constitute 0ehavior so inconsistent @ith the 0est interests o.
the child as to raise a strong >ossi0ilit- that the child @ill 0e harmed. 5n re 6iller, '
,.3d %&4 EN./. '11=.
Case: ($11*'3779 C5N, 91N3# $#. D,N, /,!!5# E86= .
/ere is @hat Dana /arris @rote to the undersigned E-es, it is in ,77C,;#, 0ut the
undersigned has not 0een >aid an-@here near enough mone- to change that .act .or
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6r. /arris,.urther, the time @ould 0e 0etter s>ent >roviding some authorit- on >oint to
this situation=:
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1n motion and u>on such terms as are Bust, the court ma- relieve a >art- or a >art-As legal
re>resentative .rom a .inal Budgment, order, or >roceeding .or the .ollo@ing reasons: E1= mista"e,
inadvertence, sur>rise, or e)cusa0le neglect< E= ne@l- discovered evidence @hich 0- due diligence
could not have 0een discovered in time to move .or a ne@ trial under !ule &9E0=< E3= .raud E@hether
hereto.ore denominated intrinsic or e)trinsic=, misre>resentation or other misconduct o. an adverse
>art-< E4= the Budgment is void< or, E&= the Budgment has 0een satis.ied, released, or discharged, or a
>rior Budgment u>on @hich it is 0ased has 0een reversed or other@ise vacated, or it is no longer
equita0le that an inBunction should have >ros>ective a>>lication. 2he motion shall 0e made @ithin a
reasona0le time, and .or reasons E1=, E=, and E3= not more than + months a.ter the >roceeding @as
ta"en or the date that @ritten notice o. entr- o. the Budgment or order @as served. (ederal cases can
0e cited as hel>.ul or >ersuasive authorit- in state courtAs @here the .ederal rule is su0stantiall-
similar to the state rule. !elie. under !ule +'E0=E1= turns on equita0le .actors, nota0l- @hether an-
neglect @as e)cusa0le. ;ioneer 5nv. #ervs. Co. v. Bruns@ic" ,ssocs. 7td. ;Rshi>, &'7 8.#. 3%', 39
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E1993=. #econd, the court ma- grant relie. @here there is Kne@l- discovered evidenceL that the
moving >art- could not have discovered through its e)ercise o. due diligence. (3D. !. C5$. ;. +'E0=
E=. 2hird, the court ma- set aside a .inal Budgment .or .raud, misre>resentation or other misconduct
0- an adverse >art-. 5d. +'E0=E3=< 6a-.air 3)tension, 5nc. v. 6agee, 41 (.d 4&3, 4&4 ED.C. Cir.
19&7=. #>eci.icall-, the movant must sho@ that Ksuch S.raudR >revented him or her .rom .ull- and
.airl- >resenting his or her case,L and that Kthe .raud is attri0uta0le to the >art- or, at least, to
counsel.L !ichardson v. NatRl !.!. ;assenger Cor>., 1&' (.!.D. 1, 7 ED.D.C. 1993= Einternal citations
omitted=. (ourth, the court ma- grant relie. in cases in @hich the Budgment is Kvoid.L (3D. !. C5$. ;.
+'E0=E4=. , Budgment ma- 0e void i. the court lac"ed >ersonal or su0Bect matter Burisdiction in the
case, acted in a manner inconsistent @ith due >rocess or >roceeded 0e-ond the >o@ers granted to it
0- la@. 30erhardt v. 5ntegrated Design I Constr., 5nc., 1+7 (.3d %+1, %71 E4th Cir. 1999=.
POINTS AND AUTHORITIES
,N,74#5#

N!C; !873 +': K!3753( (!16 98DC63N2 1! 1!D3!... E0= 6ista"es< 5nadvertence<
3)cusa0le Neglect< Ne@l- Discovered 3vidence< (raud, 3tc. 1n motion and u>on such terms as are
Bust, the court ma- relieve a >art- or a >art-As legal re>resentative .rom a .inal Budgment, order, or
>roceeding .or the .ollo@ing reasons: E1= mista"e, inadvertence, sur>rise, or e)cusa0le neglect< E=
ne@l- discovered evidence @hich 0- due diligence could not have 0een discovered in time to move
.or a ne@ trial under !ule &9E0=< E3= .raud E@hether hereto.ore denominated intrinsic or e)trinsic=,
misre>resentation or other misconduct o. an adverse >art-< ...2he motion shall 0e made @ithin a
reasona0le time, and .or reasons E1=, E=, and E3= not more than + months a.ter the >roceeding @as
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ta"en or the date that @ritten notice o. entr- o. the Budgment or order @as served. , motion under this
su0division E0= does not a..ect the .inalit- o. a Budgment or sus>end its o>eration. 2his rule does not
limit the >o@er o. a court to entertain an inde>endent action to relieve a >art- .rom a Budgment, order,
or >roceeding, or to set aside a Budgment .or .raud u>on the court. :rits o. coram no0is, coram vo0is,
audita querela, and 0ills o. revie@ and 0ills in the nature o. a 0ill o. revie@, are a0olished, and the
>rocedure .or o0taining an- relie. .rom a Budgment shall 0e 0- motion as >rescri0ed in these rules or
0- an inde>endent action.L District court has @ide discretion in deciding @hether to grant or den- a
motion to set aside a Budgment. !ules Civ.;roc., !ule +'E0= 7esle- v. 7esle-, 1997, 941 ;.d 4&1,
113 Nev. 77. District court deciding @hether to grant relie. .rom Budgment on grounds o. mista"e or
inad*vertence or e)cusa0le neglect must anal-?e @hether movant >rom>tl- a>>lied to remove
Budgment, lac"ed intent to dela- >roceedings, demonstrated good .aith, lac"ed "no@ledge o.
>rocedural requirements, and tendered meritorious de.ense to claim .or relie.. !ules Civ.;roc., !ule
+'E0=E1=. 7esle- v. 7esle-, 1997, 941 ;.d 4&1, 113 Nev. 77. District Budges are a..orded 0road
discretion in ruling on motion .or relie. .rom Budgment. !ules Civ.;roc., !ule +'E0=. Pahn v. 1rme,
199, %3& ;.d 79', 1'% Nev. &1'. #etting aside o. de.ault Budgment o0tained in suit .or damages .or
de.ault in sales agreement against De.endant, @ho asserted, via a..idavit attached to motion to set
aside, e)cusa0le neglect and that he had valid and su0stantial de.ense @as not a0use o. discretion.
/orton v. ;ringle, 197, 49% ;.d 37, %% Nev. 3&%.
2rial courtAs amendment to Budgment o. divorce, requiring .ormer hus0and to >a- .ormer @i.e
child su>>ort until >artiesA son graduated .rom high school and to >rovide -earl- >roo. to @i.e
that he maintained li.e insurance @ith @i.e as 0ene.iciar-, constituted a su0stantive correction
o. a Budicial, rather than clerical, error, the entr- o. @hich @as unauthori?ed, since the ten*da-
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limitations >eriod a.ter entr- o. Budgment .or amendments o. Budgment under civil >rocedure
rule had ela>sed. 6alone v. ;ercival, ,>>. Dist., %7& #o.d 1%+ E''4=.
Cina 9ones allededl- committed .raud u>on the court in >rocurring Nevada as the home state
Burisdiction under the 8CC9,, as such an- Budgment stemming .rom that determination is void and
should 0e set aside >ursuant to N!C; +'E0=.ties o. su>>ort*en.orcement agenc-. T3..ective on the
date that the >rovisions o. 2he /ague Convention on the 5nternational !ecover- o. Child #u>>ort and
1ther (orms o. (amil- 6aintenance is rati.ied 0- the ;resident and the 8nited #tates de>osits its
instrument o. rati.ication.U
:here.ore, Zach Coughlin, 3sq., on 0ehal. o. his client Dana /arris, requests this court set
aside the >revious child su>>ort order and or dismiss this case in addition to a@arding 6r. /arris
restitution .or @hatever amounts Cina 9ones o@es over and a0ove the o.. set >rovided .or travel
e)>enses, and to the e)tent that the travel e)>enses e)ceed that o.. set.
AFFIRMATION Pursuant to NRS 239B.030
2he undersigned does here0- a..irm that the >receding document does not contain
the social securit- num0er o. an- >erson.
D,23D this 1
st
o. Novem0er, '11
VDsD Zach Coughlin
Zach Coughlin
Attorney for Dana Harrs
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;!11( 1( #3!$5C3
5, Zach Coughlin, declare:
1n 11 '11, 5, 6r. Zach Coughlin served the .oregoing 3mergen- 6otion to
6odi.-D3n.orce $istation ,rrangmentD6otion to #ho@ CauseD61251N (1! 1!D3!
#/1!23N5NC 2563, etc.. 0- , de>ositing in the 8#;# mail, a true co>- thereo. to:
Cina 9ones
37%' ;lumas #t.
!eno, N$ %9&'9
Dated this
nd
o. Novem0er '11
*****************************
Zach Coughlin
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