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USE OF GRR DATASHEET AND REPORT

Gauge Repeatability and Reproducibility Report

Part No. & Name Part Characteristic Total Tolerance USL 2.55 2.28 Scale LSL uA -0.27 Gage Name Gage Make Gage Model LT1101 Gage resolution: 0.06 Date Performed By

FALSE

0.049

REPEATABILITY - EQUIPMENT VARIATION (EV)

% EV = 100[(EV)/(TOLERANCE)]

% EV = 100[(EV)/(TV)]

% EV = 100[(sEV2)/(sTV2)]

StdDev EV = 0.01260944

6 * StdDev 0.0756567

% EV =

2.97%

% EV =

42.17%

% EV =

17.78%

REPRODUCIBILITY - APPRAISER VARIATION (AV) StdDev AV= 0.02536267 6 * StdDev 0.152176

% AV = 100[(AV)/(TOLERANCE)]

% AV = 100[(AV)/(TV)]

% AV = 100[(sAV2)/(sTV2)]

% AV =

5.97%

% AV =

84.81%

% AV =

71.93%

P/T Ratio = 100[(R&R)/(TOLERANCE)]

% GRR = 100[(R&R)/(TV)]

% GRR = 100[(sR&R2)/(sTV2)]

P/T Ratio =

6.66%

% GRR =

94.72%

% GRR =

89.71%

PART VARIATION (PV) StdDev 6 * StdDev PV = 0.00959215 0.0575529

% PV = 100[(PV)/(TOLERANCE)]

% PV = 100[(PV)/(TV)]

% PV = 100[(sPV2)/(sTV2)]

% PV =

2.26%

% PV =

32.08%

% PV =

10.29%

PROBABLE MEASUREMENT ERROR

(effective resolution of a single measurement)

PME =

0.01897725

DR =

0.40

1 2

Product Control - Answers the question: Is this gauge good enough to inspect this part to this tolerance? Process Control - Answers the question: Is this gauge good enough for SPC or statistical analysis? 3 Answers the question: What components of variation are candidates for improvement? 4 Based on GRR (Repeatability and Reproducibility) 5 Based on EV (Repeatability) Border/Text Color Key: GREEN = Acceptable; ORANGE= Marginal; RED = Unacceptable 7/20/2013; 8:51 AM

GAGE REPEATABILITY AND REPRODUCIBILITY DATA SHEET (Long Method)

1 Operator A Sample # 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Totals 1st Trial -0.06098 -0.06098 -0.06098 0.00000 -0.06098 -0.06098 -0.06098 -0.06098 -0.06098 -0.06098 -0.54882

2 2nd Trial -0.06098 -0.06098 -0.06098 -0.06098 0.00000 -0.06098 -0.06098 -0.06098 0.00000 -0.06098 -0.48784 -0.54882 #N/A

3 3rd Trial

4 BRange 0 0 0 0.06098 0.06098 0 0 0 0.06098 0

5 1st Trial 0.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0.00000 -0.06098 0.00000 0.00000 0.00000 -0.06098

6 2nd Trial 0.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0.00000 -0.06098 0.00000 0.00000 -0.06098 0.00000 0.00000 -0.12196 -0.06098 #N/A

7 3rd Trial

8 CRange 0 0 0 0 0.06098 0 0.06098 0.06098 0 0

9 1st Trial -0.06098 -0.06098 0.00000 -0.06098 -0.06098 -0.06098 -0.06098 -0.06098 -0.06098 -0.06098 -0.54882

10 2nd Trial -0.06098 -0.06098 -0.06098 -0.06098 -0.06098 -0.06098 -0.06098 -0.06098 -0.06098 -0.06098 -0.6098 -0.54882 #N/A Sum -1.15862 XC -0.057931

11 3rd Trial

12 Range 0 0 0.06098 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

#N/A

0.18294 0.018294 RA

#N/A

0.18294 0.018294 RB

#N/A

0.06098 0.006098 RC

Sum

-1.03666

-0.009147 -0.057931 0.048784

0.0465277

* Limit of individual R's. Circle those that are beyond this Limit. Identify the cause and correct. Repeat these readings using the same appraiser and unit as originally used or discard and reaverage and recompute R and the limiting value UCL R from the remaining observations

Notes:

7/20/2013;8:51 AM

Gage R and R (Xbar/R method) Six Sigma MSA Method

Xbar Chart by Operator
0
-0.01

Operator*Part No. Interaction

ABC-

0 1 -0.01 -0.02 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

-0.02

Sample Mean

Average

-0.03 -0.04 -0.05 -0.06

-0.06

-0.07
-0.07

Part No.

R Chart by Operator
0.07

Response by Operator
0
1 2 3

0.06 0.05

-0.01 -0.02

Sample Range

Operator

0

-0.03 -0.04 -0.05 -0.06 -0.07 Operator

Components of Variation
100.00% 90.00% 80.00%
70.00%

% Contribution
% Study Var

Response by Part No.

0.00000 0
-0.01000

% Tolerance

10

-0.02000 -0.03000

Percent

10.00% -0.04000

0.00%

Part No.

7/20/2013

8:51 AM

Measurement System Evaluation Six Sigma MSE Method

R Chart by Operator
0.07

Sample Range

0.06 0.05 0.04 0.03 0.02 0.01 0 A- A- A- A- A- A- A- A- A- A- B- B- B- B- B- B- B- B- B- B- C- C- C- C- C- C- C- C- C- C-

Step 1 Measurement Stability A stable measurement system shows no out of control points or "non-random" patterns or trends in the range chart

Step 2 Resolution / Discrimination Adequate resolution or discrimination means that the measurement units (inches, tenths of inches, thousandths of inches,) are sufficiently small enough to be able to "see" variation. - Stratification on a range chart is a good indication that there is a problem with inadequate resolution. - The number of stratified levels on the Range Chart is an indicator of the degree of the problem. - Fewer "levels" means less adequate resolution: - A rule of thumb: There should be approximately 5 levels of resolution between the control limits on the Range Chart and less than 25% of the ranges equal to zero to be considered adequate.

Xbar Chart by Operator

0 A-A-A-A-A-A-A-A-A-A-B-B-B-B-B-B-B-B-B-B-C-C-C-C-C-C-C-C-C-C-0.01

Sample Mean

-0.02 -0.03 -0.04 -0.05 -0.06 -0.07

Step 3 Bias Bias in a measurement study is a "shift" in the pattern on the X-bar chart between operators (i.e., the same part pattern is evident, but one operator reads consistently higher or lower than the others). Step 4 Measurement Capability Measurement capability is the comparison of Measurement Variation to Product Variation to determine whether the current measurement process can see part to part differences. More than 50% of the part measurements should be out-of-control to be considered marginally acceptable.

Measurement System Evaluation Six Sigma MSE Method

Operator Bias
0 -0.01 1 -0.02

Averages

-0.03 -0.04
-0.05 -0.06 -0.07 -0.08 -0.09

Operator
Step 5 Operator Bias Operator Bias is the comparison of Between-Operator variation to Within-Operator variation. An out-of-control chart indicates that a Bias does exist between operators, while a chart exhibiting control indicates that no Bias exists between operators.

Operator Inconsistency
0.05 0.045 0.04 0.035 0.03 0.025 0.02 0.015 0.01 0.005 0

Averages

Operator
Step 6 Operator Inconsistency Operator Inconsistency is the comparison of Within-Operator variation for a specific operator to the overall Within-Operator variation. An out-of-control chart indicates that a Inconsistency does exist between operators, while a chart exhibiting control indicates that no Inconsistency exists between operators.

Measurement System Evaluation Six Sigma MSE Method

Intraclass Correlation Plot
0 -0.07 -0.06 -0.05 -0.04 -0.03 -0.02 -0.01 0

-0.01

-0.02

-0.03 Y value

-0.04

-0.05

-0.06

-0.07 X value
Intraclass
Step 7 Interclass Correlation & Discrimination Ratio The major axis reflects product variation, and the minor axis reflects measurement error. The Discrimination Ratio is the ratio of the major axis to the minor axis. DR = 0.40 Gage may not be able to discrimate product variation

Gage Performance Curve

100%

90%
Pa (Probability of Acceptance) 80% 70% 60% 50% 40% 30% 20% 10%
0.0000
0.5000 1.0000 1.5000 2.0000 2.5000 3.0000
Specifications Pa Part Variation Gage Error Total Variation

-1.5000

-1.0000

-0.5000

Dimension
7/20/20138:51 AM

3.5000

0%