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Greatship (India) Limited Manual Title: Fire Safety Operational Booklet Document Title: GIL/FSOB Document No.

Effective Date 27/02/2009 Revision No. V.3.0 Prepared By: RKM Approved By: RKS Page 1 of 14

 

           
27/02/2009 Date V.3.0 Revision R.K.MATHUR-27/02/09 Approved Head QST (name and date) R.K.SHETH-27/02/09 Approved by Managing Director (name and date)

Regulation 16.3. Every member of the crew has a personal responsibility to be competent in identifying the presence of fire. V. The meaning of the ships alarms.0 Prepared By: RKM Approved By: RKS Page 2 of 14   Introduction The ship’s Fire Fighting Training manual is designed to identify and explain the dangers associated with smoking. The operation and use of smoke dampers is referred to with escape systems and appliances. electrical hazard. the operation and use of safety systems and appliances and the operation and use of fire doors. Effective Date 27/02/2009 Revision No.Greatship (India) Limited Manual Title: Fire Safety Operational Booklet Document Title: GIL/FSOB Document No. . a Fire Safety The key is that If you work to ensure that fire is avoided then you will not have to fight it. of knowing the correct actions to take in raising the alarm and in taking the correct actions to prevent fire spread whilst observing every precaution for personal safety. General instruction on fire fighting procedures including those for notification of a fire and the use of manually operated call points is detailed. dangerous goods and other common shipboard hazards.1 of revised Chapter II of SOLAS requires Operational Booklet containing the necessary information and instruction.2.

Master / C/E Cabin. ID Number Location Bridge Bulkhead.3. .Greatship (India) Limited Manual Title: Fire Safety Operational Booklet Document Title: GIL/FSOB Document No. Effective Date 27/02/2009 Revision No. Main deck forward.0 Prepared By: RKM Approved By: RKS Page 3 of 14   Fire Control Plans This section details the location of all Fire Controls held onboard. ER Control Room bulkhead. V. in file. in tube.

Effective Date 27/02/2009 Revision No.  Seven short plus one long   Ships bells                Ships whistle                  Bridge   General Emergency  _  _  _  _  _  _  _  _______      Bridge   RKS Approved By: Greatship (India) Limited Manual Title: Fire Safety Operational Booklet Document Title: GIL/FSOB Document No. V.                 From Master  Ships whistle            Three Long Blasts          _____  _____  _____              Bridge   Abandon Vessel     Siren in ER Control  Room  and Workshop  Page 4 of 14 Abandon Engine        Continuous         _____________________     Typhoon in ER  Room  .0   Meaning of Ships alarms Prepared By: Emergency  Signal   RKM Location Of  Location Of                    Primary                     Secondary Alarm  Alarm. Man Overboard  Word of Mouth only.3.

Common instinctive actions are to. Stay calm. Think about the correct procedure for raising the alarm. “ Fires never happen to me”. which could endanger life and vessel. which is quickly extinguished. If you do discover a fire: 1. even the biggest fires started as a single flame. Move away often leaving doors open run into compartment without attempt to stamp out the burning material.Greatship (India) Limited Manual Title: Fire Safety Operational Booklet Document Title: GIL/FSOB Document No. smelling. You may discover a fire anywhere by seeing. . Panic will affect your performance and may frighten others unnecessarily. no one has discovered the fire. and inform the person in charge of the operation and take the appropriate action. No person onboard should be in any doubt about the following: ● Insert should be taken on discovering a fire ● Action to be taken on hearing the alarm ● Knowing where fire fighting equipment is located ● Knowing how to use it effectively ● Safety awareness during fire fighting Very often it is the actions of the person discovering the fire that can make the difference between a small blaze. which will continue to spread unchecked until someone else responds in the correct manner. is a common misconception The first reaction of many is that of shock and disbelief. Remember.3. but grew because they were not tackled or not tackled correctly in the early stages. and a major fire. Effective Date 27/02/2009 Revision No.0 Prepared By: RKM Approved By: RKS Page 5 of 14   Raising the Alarm   Any person observing any indication that fire may be present or imminent around the ship or cargo should sound the alarm. Large fires would have been small at one point. while it is still small will greatly increase the chances of extinguishing the fire successfully.  Taking the correct Initial Action in the early stages of a fire. V. firefighting equipment and If the discoverer becomes a casualty. 2. or hearing it.

as this may let smoke in unnecessarily operate a nearby Fire alarm if available telephone bridge and inform them When informing the Bridge State: location of fire type of fire (oil. FIRE” and give it’s location Bang on doors in case people are asleep.0 Prepared By: RKM Approved By: RKS Page 6 of 14   Raising the Alarm □ □ □ □ Shout “FIRE. Familiarity with all fire fighting equipment and its effective and safe use in a real emergency will safe vital minutes.Greatship (India) Limited Manual Title: Fire Safety Operational Booklet Document Title: GIL/FSOB Document No. if any are being taken Do not attempt to fight the fire until others have been informed Fire behind closed door □ □ □ □ DO NOT OPEN THE DOOR Raise the alarm as previously described DO NOT TACKLE THE FIRE Go to Emergency station and advise person in charge of situation Fire in compartment when door is open □ □ □ Raise the alarm as previously described CLOSE THE DOOR Go to Emergency station and advise person in charge of situation Any training must ensure that all personnel know the location of the nearest extinguisher to their place of work and their cabin. unknown) details of casualties if any what action. Effective Date 27/02/2009 Revision No. SUMMARY F I R E Find Inform Restrict Extinguish .3. FIRE. do not open. which can make a difference to the outcome of an event. Remember that the correct type of extinguisher will be sited with regards to the particular risk in that area of the vessel. V. They must know how to use the extinguisher and be aware of any limitations it may have. paper.

The Muster List details the locations for each party and your responsibilities. AND IT IS THE RESPONSIBILITY OF ALL PERSONNEL TO MAKE THEMSELVES AWARE OF ALTERNATIVES. you must immediately bring your concerns or questions to the Vessel Safety Officer. Effective Date 27/02/2009 Revision No. . Station Card in your cabin details your Muster Point and details of It is your responsibility to yourself and your fellow crew members to ensure you are fully conversant with the requirements. THERE MAY BE A NEED FOR ALTERNATIVE ESCAPE ROUTES. Also a alarms. If you are in any doubt. avoid going through the accommodation ● WHERE SPECIFIC DUTIES ARE ALLOCATED. THE DESIGNATED PERSON SHOULD PREPARE EQUIPMENT AS PER THE MUSTER LIST. V. Fire Muster Duties The details of the actions required on hearing the fire or emergency stations alarms are displayed throughout the vessel in prominent places.0 Prepared By: RKM Approved By: RKS Page 7 of 14   FIRE MUSTER DUTIES The actions to be taken upon hearing report to the Emergency Muster point are: the Emergency alarm. requiring you to ● PROCEED TO EMERGENCY STATION AS QUICKLY AS POSSIBLE ● ALL PERSONNEL MUST FAMILIARISE THEMSELVES WITH THE RECOMMENDED ESCAPE ROUTE TO THE EMERGENCY STATIONS. ● PERSONNEL SHOULD PROCEED TO EMERGENCY STATIONS IN AN ORDERLY MANNER Use outside ladders and walkways where possible.3.Greatship (India) Limited Manual Title: Fire Safety Operational Booklet Document Title: GIL/FSOB Document No.

3. it’s cargo and the environment. Contain. 5.0 Prepared By: RKM Approved By: RKS Page 8 of 14   FIRE SAFETY OBJECTIVES In marine situations the fire safety objectives are: 1. Reduce the risk of life caused by fire. The importance of good contingency planning cannot be stressed enough. 3. Reduce the risk of damage caused by fire to the ship. Prevent the occurrence of fire and explosion. 4. Control and suppress fire and explosion in the compartment of origin. Effective Date 27/02/2009 Revision No. 2.Greatship (India) Limited Manual Title: Fire Safety Operational Booklet Document Title: GIL/FSOB Document No. . Provide adequate and readily accessible means of escape for crew. V.

wood. That when heated gives off flammable vapours Eg.Greatship (India) Limited Manual Title: Fire Safety Operational Booklet Document Title: GIL/FSOB Document No. computers being covered with paper. Heat may be applied either deliberately or accidently.   is the easiest way to represent this. Without one The Fire Triangle Oxygen Fuel Heat -.Ignition Fuel Can be liquid. The fire triangle side there can be no fire. .0 Prepared By: RKM Approved By: RKS Page 9 of 14   The Nature of Fire Fire is a chemical reaction known as combustion. acetylene Oxygen Oxygen is present in the air in sufficient quantity to sustain a fire.e. Paper. Effective Date 27/02/2009 Revision No. solid or gaseous. oil. V. i. Heat For ignition to occur a critical temperature must be reached.3. which occurs when fuel and oxygen are brought together with heat to cause ignition. but once a fire has started then the heat generated will sustain it. power points being overloaded.

Effective Date 27/02/2009 Revision No.3. Direct Burning – where combustible material comes into contact with a naked flame. deckhead void spaces and electrical conduits. 2. ventilation trunking etc). Conduction – direct heat transfer (heat travelling along or through steel work (deck plating.Greatship (India) Limited Manual Title: Fire Safety Operational Booklet Document Title: GIL/FSOB Document No. Convection Spread of heat via gas.0 Prepared By: RKM Approved By: RKS Page 10 of 14   FIRE SPREAD Heat and fire may spread in 4 different ways 1. V. through the deck or through the deckhead unless it is inhibited by boundary cooling of some method. bulkheads)). 4. liquid or hot air circulating (through stairwells. 3. Fire in a compartment may spread by any of these means listed above. Fire may also be spread via aie-conditioning and heating ducts. . Radiation – ignition through being too close to a source of radiated heat (electrical heater. or other heating appliance). It may also spread in any of 6 direction through the 4 bulkheads.

V. Remove faulty equipment from service. All spillages to be wiped up immediately and rags disposed of safely. Electrical ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● Use to “Permit to Work” system during maintenance. Do not tamper with electrical equipment or fittings Report any faults with electrical equipment to C/E. Good housekeeping ● ● ● ● ● ● Control rubbish Tidy storerooms Oily waste in steel bins with lids and emptied regularly Store and use flammable materials as per manufactures instructions. Check oxy-acetylene hoses are not damaged.3. Effective Date 27/02/2009 Revision No.0 Prepared By: RKM Approved By: RKS Page 11 of 14   FIRE PREVENTION Fire fighting onboard can be difficult and potentially dangerous. Closes doors to empty compartments. Regular inspection of electrical appliances. Fuel. Do not leave Unattended when switched on. Hotwork ● ● ● Use the “Permit to Work” system Do not use equipment unless trained and authorized. Do not overload power points.Greatship (India) Limited Manual Title: Fire Safety Operational Booklet Document Title: GIL/FSOB Document No. and switch off any unnecessary Electrical equipment. Good fire prevention practice will minimise the possibility of fire occurring. . Some areas of concern ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● Stores Near incinerators Laundry and drying room Oil spills and leakages Lines and systems carrying oil under pressure. Allow irons and soldering irons to cool down before stowing. Renew electrical leads when showing outward signs of damage. Lube and Hydraulic oil Wastepaper baskets Ashtrays Gallery exhaust ducts Combustible material near heat source Good housekeeping can control and be part of the fire prevention discipline. Fire prevention discipline should be part of the ever day life of all personnel onboard.

also check adjacent areas below and above. Safety equipment including fuel shut-offs.0 Prepared By: RKM Approved By: RKS Page 12 of 14   ● ● ● ● ● ● ● Keep area free of sharp objects Keep work area clear and allow free movement. Adhere to safe working practices Smoking ● ● ● ● ● ● Use only safety ashtrays. Smoking in bed is not allowed. overflow alarms and heat sensors to be kept in good order. Ship’s personnel should be aware of the fire alarm system and the fire-fighting equipment on board their ship and should give some consideration to planning for the use of such equipment in the event of fire during cargo operations. baffle plates. Emergency plans should also allow for the evacuation of non – ship personnel to the shore or other place of safety. Use only safety matches Do not keep lighter fuel with personal belongings. The far side of bulkheads. Do not smoke when moving around the vessel. and know the safety and emergency procedures associated with them. Smoke in designated areas only. Fire watch must be maintained Gas free cert to be issued if required. . V. Effective Date 27/02/2009 Revision No. Openings through which sparks may fall should be maintained. Person with fire fighting equipment to be readily at hand throughout operation Machinery ● ● ● Inspect and maintain all items all items as per Planned Maintenance System. inform the person in charge of the operation concerned and take appropriate action to minimise the risk and effect of such hazard.Greatship (India) Limited Manual Title: Fire Safety Operational Booklet Document Title: GIL/FSOB Document No.3. Check area for combustibles. deckheads and decks should be checked for Flammable material. Hazards ● Identify and report hazards to all concerned. Any person observing any indication that fire may be present or imminent in cargo or around the ship should sound the alarm.

Effective Date 27/02/2009 Revision No. Fire hazards to these cargoes are most likely to originate at the point of packing and will not be obvious to the deck staff on board the vessel. . or any other condition which may increase the risk of fire from that cargo. If they are in any doubt they are to bring a stop to the operation until the risk can be assessed and removed or reduced satisfactorily. it lashings. Once on board. by the use of boundary cooling on adjacent containers to stop the spread a fire. it is usually impossible for ship’s staff to access the container to inspect for or to fight a fire. When handling cargo at an offshore installation the deck crew should be vigilant for any possible damage to cargo. The prevention of fire is achieved by practicing good seamanship. positioning of the vessel relative to wind and sea to reduce fumes entering the accommodation. Offshore support vessels by their very design mean that all that cargo is located at the stern of the vessel. V. The cargo manifest should be available for inspection at any time in order that the contents of any container and their potential for becoming harmful in the case of fire may be known.Greatship (India) Limited Manual Title: Fire Safety Operational Booklet Document Title: GIL/FSOB Document No. Offshore support vessel crews mainly have contact with cargo in the form of containers and pre slung lifts.0 Prepared By: RKM Approved By: RKS Page 13 of 14   Fire Safety Precautions for handling general cargoes. if it becomes necessary then the fighting of cargo related fire is also down to the practice of good seamanship. Fire fighting may well be the constraint of the fire to one another and allow it to burn out.3.

Safety precautions should be taken as required. any instructions with regard to Fire fighting Training must be adhered to.3) If carrying any other cargoes where dispensation is required to be issued by Port State Authority. Disposal of spilt dangerous goods is a matter for judgement by the master. If it safe to do so.3) And for special provisions in the event of an accident and fire precautions involving Dangerous Goods (Chapter 7. spillages and leakages of substances.Greatship (India) Limited Manual Title: Fire Safety Operational Booklet Document Title: GIL/FSOB Document No. V. Extra fire fighting equipment is available for use in the carriage of dangerous goods and this should be ready to hand. Reference should be made to the IMDG code Volume 1. Where dangerous goods of different classes are to be time they are subject to minimum spacing requirements latest Marine Guidance Note. articles and material identified International Maritime Dangerous Goods Code as MARINE POLLUTANT should be collected for safe disposal. Effective Date 27/02/2009 Revision No. for fire fighting training (Chapter 1. bearing in mind that the safety of the crew has priority over pollution to the sea. from as far as .3. where there is likely to be a dangerous reaction with water. Prior to any Dangerous Goods being loaded on board the master should be provided with the hazard data sheets for the cargo. the recommendation is to wash spillages on deck overboard with copious amounts of water and. carried at the same as described by the detailed Carrying for any In the event of any incident involving dangerous goods recommendations are contained in Emergency Procedure for Ships Dangerous Goods (EmS) Reference should also be made to Medical incident involving DGs. Inert absorbent material should be used. practicable. .0 Prepared By: RKM Approved By: RKS Page 14 of 14   Fire Safety Precaution for handling and carrying dangerous goods. personnel involved advised of any special precautions to be taken and of the actions to be taken in the event of fire. First Aid Guide (MFAG) In general. where personnel are involved.