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ssi-Jv- \m-kzn-dp-±o≥- A¬- A¬-_m-\n-( )-

)-b-p-sS- \-a-kv-Im-cw
\-_-n(
(H-cp- kw-£n-]v-X- hn-h-c-Ww-)

hn-h¿-Ø-\w-:- ap-l-Ω-Zv- kn-bm-Zv-

DA'WA BOOKS
Salafi Cultural Complex, Vyttila, Cochin-19
\-_n-()-bp-sS- \-a-kv-Im-cw- \-_n-()-bp-sS- \-a-kv-Im-cw-
DA'WA BOOKS
Malayalam | Study | Nabiyude Namaskaram (Oru Samshiptha Vivaranam)
\-_-n()-b-p-sS- \-a-kv-Im-cw (H-cp- kw-£n-]v-X- hn-h-c-Ww-)
Original Title: Siffathu Salathunnabiyya Z-Av-hm- _p-Iv-kv˛
Author:Shaikh Nasurudheen Al Albani ( ) ]p-kv-X-I- {]-km-[-\-cw-K-sØ- \-hm-K-X-\m-Wv.-
Translator: Mohammed Ziyad A-¥m-cm-jv-{S-\n-e-hm-c-Øn¬- a-e-bm-f- ]p-kv-X-I-߃-
Checked by: Shameer Madeeni
]p-d-Øn-d-°p-I-bpw- {]-k-Iv-X-am-b-
First Edition: October 2006
hn-hn-[- `m-jm-{K-\v-Y-߃-a-e-bm-f-Øn-te-°v- sam-gn-am-‰w-
Price: Rs. 15.00
\-S-Øn- {]-kn-≤o-I-cn-°p-I-bpw-
A-¥m-cm-jv-{S- k-aq-l-Øn-\v- ]-cn-N-b-s∏-Sp-tØ-≠-
a-e-bm-f- ]p-kv-X-I-߃-a-‰p-- `m-j-I-fn-te-°v-
]-cn-`m-j-s∏-Sp-Øn- ]p-d-Øn-d-°p-I-bp-sa-√m-am-Wv- e-£yw.-
Cu- \q-‰m-≠n-se- G-‰-hpw- {]-K¬-`-\m-b- l-Zo-Yv- ]-fin-X≥-
ssi-Jv- \m-kzn-dp-±o≥- A¬- A¬-_m-\n-bp-sS- ( )
""kzn-^-Øp- kz-em-Øn-∂-∫n-øn- a-n-\-Ø-Iv-_o-cn-
C-e-Ø-kv-eo-an- I- A-∂-I- X-dm-lm''- F-∂-
{]-K¬-`- {K-Ÿ-Øn-s‚- kw-£n-]v-X- cq-]-Øn-s‚-
a-e-bm-fw- `m-jm-¥-cam-Wn-Xv.-
ap-l-Ω-Zv- kn-bm-Zm-Wv- ]-cn-`m-jI≥.-
j-ao¿- a-Zo-\n- ]-cn-`m-j- ]-cn-tim-[n-°p-I-bpw-
aq-e-{K-Ÿ-hp-am-bn- H-Øp-t\m-°p-I-bpw- sN-bv-X-n-´p-≠v.-
hn-e-bn-cp-Øp-I-; \n¿-tZ-i-ß-fpw- hn-a¿-i-\-ßfp-ap-≠m-hpw-.-
A-h-bv-s°-√mw- kzm-K-Xw-;-
A-h-bm-W-t√m- \-sΩ- t\-sc- \-S-Øp-∂-X-v.-
{]m¿-Y-n-°p-I,- Cu- in-ip-hn-s≥-d- h-f¿-®-°p-th-≠n-.
Publishers | Distribution:
Da'wa Books | Salafi Cultural Complex | Vyttila | Kochi-19 | Kerala | India A-√m-lp-th....- \o- R-ß-fp-sS- I¿-a-߃-
Email: dawabooks@nicheoftruth.org kzo-I-cn-°p-I-bpw-
Cover: Yoonus K.K. kz¿-K-Øn¬- kv-Ym-\w- \¬-In- A-\p-{K-ln-°p-I-bpw-
Type Setting: Creative Media sN-tø-Wta....-(B-ao≥-)-
Printing: Screen Offset, Kochi-18
All rights reserved. No part of this work may be reproduced or utilised in any form or by any means a-mt\P¿-
without the prior written permission of the publishers.
\-_n-()-bp-sS- \-a-kv-Im-cw- \-_n-()-bp-sS- \-a-kv-Im-cw-

B-ap-Jw-

""]-c-a-Im-cp-Wn-I-\pw- I-cpWm\n[nbp-am-b-
A√mlp-hn-s‚- \m-a-Øn¬''-
k¿-Δk - vX- p-Xn-bpw- A-√m-lp-hn-\m-Ip-∂p.- \mw- A-hs\-
kv-Xp-Xn-°p-I-bpw,- A-h-s‚- k-lm-bw- tX-Sp-I-bpw- Ah
s‚- ]m-]-tam-N-\w- tNm-Zn-°p-I-bpw- sN-øp-∂p.- \-Ω-fn-ep-
≈- Xn-∑I - f- n¬-\n-∂pw- \-Ωp-sS- I¿-aß - f- n-ep-≈- Xn-∑Ifn
¬-\n-∂pw- A-√m-lp-hn-t\m-Sv- \mw- c-£- tX-Sp-∂p.- B-sc-
A-√m-lp- t\¿-am¿-K-Øn-em-°n-tbm,- A-h-s\- h-gn-]n-g-∏n-
°m≥- B¿-°pw- km-[y-a-√.- B-sc- A-√m-lp- Zp¿-am-KØn-
em-°n-tbm- A-h-s\- t\¿-am¿-K-Øn-em-°m-\pw- B¿-°pw-
km-[y-a-√. H-cp- ]-¶p-Im-c-\p-an-√m-Ø-hn-[w- A-√m-lp-h√m-
sX- B-cm-[\ - °
- ¿-l\ - m-bn- B-cp-an-s√-∂pw- ap-l-ΩZ- v- Ah-
s‚- A-Sn-a-bpw- Zq-X-\p-am-sW-∂pw- Rm≥- km-£yw- hln-
°p-∂p.-
"kzn-^-Xp-kz-em-Øn-∂-_n-øn-()- an-\-Ø-Iv-_o¿- Ce-
Ø-kv-enw- I-A-∂-I- X-dm-lm-' (\-_n-()-bp-sS- \-a-kvIm-
c-Øn-s‚- hn-h-c-Ww,- X-Iv-_o¿- ap-X¬- X-kv-eow- h-sc,-
\-_n-()-bp-sS- \-a-kv-Im-cw- 8 \-_n-()-bp-sS- \-a-kv-Im-cw- 9

\n-߃- t\m-°n-°m-Wp-∂- cq-]-Øn¬)- F-∂- F-s‚- Iq-Sp-X¬- hy-Iv-X-X-°v- th-≠n- D-]-io¿-j-I-ß-fpw- \¬In-
{K\vYw kw-£n-]vX - a - m-°n- km[mcW- P-\ß - ƒ-°v- hmbn- bn-´p-≠v.- C-h° - v- Io-gn¬- hn-jb - ß - ƒ- Hm-tcm-∂pw- XpS¿®-
®v- a-\- n-em-°m-hp-∂-hn-[w- X-øm-dm-°m≥- Nn-e- k-tlmZ- bm-bn- A-°-ß-fn-´v- D-≤-cn-®p.- Hm-tcm- hn-j-b-Øn-\p-a-cn-
c∑m¿- F-t∂m-Sv- B-h-iy-s∏-´p.- In¬,- A-Xn-s‚- hn-[n-Iƒ-˛A-Xv- "dp-Iv≥'- B-tWm- "hm-Pn-
A-Xv- H-cp- \-√- \n¿-tZ-i-am-bn- F-\n-°v- tXm-∂n.- hfsc- _v'- B-tWm- F-∂p-≈-Xv-˛ D-≤-cn-®p.- Rm≥- au-\w- ]men-
Im-e-ß-fm-bn- F-s‚- a-\-kn¬- tXm-∂n-b- B- B-ib ®-Xpw- hn-[n- ]-d-bm-Ø-Xp-am-b- hn-j-b-ß-fm-I-s´,- A-h-
tØm-Sv- Rm≥- tbm-Pn-°p-Ib - pw- sN-bvX - p.- A-Øc - w- D]tZ- sFOn-I- (kp-∂-Øv)-ß-f-m-Wv.- A-h-bn¬- Nn-e-Xv- \n¿_-
iw- Rm≥- F-s‚- k-tlm-Zc - ∑- m-cn¬-\n-∂pw- kp-lr-Øp°- \v[
- w- (hm-Pn-_v)- B-sW-∂v- ]-db - m-≥- km-[y-Xb - p-≈X - mWv.-
fn¬-\n-∂pw- \n-c¥ - c - w- tIƒ-°p-Ib - pw- sN-bX v- n-´p-≠v.- AXn- C-Xn¬- G-sX-¶n-epw- H-∂v- D-d-∏n-®p- ]-d-b¬- ssh-⁄m\n-
\m¬,- ssh-⁄m-\n-I-am-b- {]-h¿-Ø-\-߃-sIm-≠v- Xnc- I-am-b- ÿn-co-I-c-W-Øn-\v- tbm-Pn-°p-∂-X-√.-
°v- ]n-Sn-®- F-s‚- k-a-b-Øn-s‚- H-cp- sN-dn-b- `m-Kw- AXn- "dp-Iv-\v'- F-∂m¬- H-cp Im-cy-Øn-s‚- ]q¿-Øo-I-cW
\m-bn- \o-°n-sh-°m≥- C-Xv- F-\n-°v- t{]m-Xk v- m-l\ - a
- mbn.- Øn-\v- A-\n-hm-cy-am-b-Xpw A-Xn-s‚- X-s∂- `m-K-hp-amWv.-
Cu- \n¿-tZ-iw- \-S∏ - n-em-°p-∂X - n-\m-bn- F-s‚- I-gn-h\ - pk- A-Xm-b-Xv,- A-Xn-s‚- A-`m-h-Øn¬- A-Xn-s\- B-{i-bn®p-
cn-®v- Rm≥- [r-Xn- Im-Wn-®p-˛A-tXm-sSm-∏w,- C-Xv- A-√mlp- sIm-≠p-≈- {]-hr-Øn- A-km-[p-hm-Ipw.- D-Zm-lc - W
- Ø- n\v,-
hn-s‚- "h-Pv-lv'- B-Xv-am¿-∞-am-bn- B-{K-ln-°p-∂- H-cp- \-a-kv-Im-c-Øn-se- dp-Iq-Av- dp-Iv-\m-Wv.- A-Xn-s√-¶n¬- \a-
I¿-Ω-am-°p-I-bpw- F-s‚- ap-kv-enw- k-tlm-Z-c-∑m¿-°v- D]- kv-Im-cw- A-km-[p-hm-Ipw.-
Im-c-s∏-Sp-I-bpw- sN-øp-∂- H-∂m-°p-hm≥,- A-\yq-\-\pw- "i¿-X-z-v'- F-∂-Xv- "dp-Iv-\v'- t]m-se-X-s∂-bm-Wv.- F∂m
D-∂-X-\p-am-b- F-s‚- c-£n-Xm-hn-t\m-Sv- Rm≥- {]m¿-∞n- ¬- A-Xv- B- {]-hr-Øn-bp-sS- sh-fn-bnep-≈-Xm-Wv- F-∂p-
°p-∂p.- am-{Xw-.- D-Zm-l-c-W-Øn-\v,- \-a-kv-Im-c-Øn-\m-bp-≈- hp-fq.-
"kzn-^Ø - p-kz-em-Øn'-te-Xn-t\-°mƒ- D-]I - mc-{]-Za - mb- A-Xv- Iq-Sm-sX- \-a-kv-Im-cw- i-cn-bm-hp-I-bn-√.-
Nn-e Im-cy-߃- Rm≥- C-Xn¬- Iq-Sp-X-em-bn- D-≤-cn-®n-´p- "hm-Pn-_v'- F-∂m¬- Jp¿-B\ - n-epw- kp-∂Ø - n-epw- hyIv-
≠v.- F-s‚- {i-≤-bn¬-s]-´- Im-cy-ß-fm-Wn-h.- Cu- kw{K- X-am-b- I¬-]-\-bp-≈- H-cp- Im-cy-hpw,- F-∂m¬- "dp-Iv-\v'-
l-Øn¬- A-h- kq-Nn-∏n-°p-∂X - v- A-\ptbm-Py-am-bn- Rm≥- F-t∂m- "i¿-Øz-v'-- F-t∂m- ]-db - m≥- am-{Xw- sX-fn-hn-√mØ-
Im-Wp-∂-p.- Xp-am-Wv.- A-Xv- {]-h¿-Øn-®h - \ - v- {]-Xn-^e - a- p-≠v.- aXn-bmb-
Nn-e- l-Zo-Yp-If - n-epw- {]m¿-∞\ - I- f
- n-epw- Im-Ws - ∏-Sp∂- Im-cW - w- Iq-Sm-sX- A-Xv- H-gn-hm-°n-bh - \
- m-Is - ´,- in-£n°-
hm-N-I-߃- hn-i-Zo-I-cn-°p-hm≥- Rm≥- {]-tXy-Iw- {i≤n s∏-Spw.- C-Xv- t]m-se-X-s∂-bm-Wv- "^¿-fv'- F-∂-Xpw.- "^¿
®-n-´p-≠v.- Hm-tcm- `m-K-Øn-\pw- {]-[m-\- io¿-j-I-ß-fpw- fpw'- "hm-Pn- _
- pw'- X-Ωn¬- th¿-Xn-cn-°p-∂X - v,- sX-fn-shm∂p-
\-_n-()-bp-sS- \-a-kv-Im-cw- 10 \-_n-()-bp-sS- \-a-kv-Im-cw- 11

an-√msX-bp-≈- km-t¶-Xn-I- ]-Z-Øn-s‚- \q-X-\- D-]-tbmK- {]m-bß - ƒ- a-‰p-≈h - c


- p-sS- A-`n-{]m-bß - t- f-°mƒ- I-cp-tØ-
am-Wv.- dn-b-Xm-Wv.- C-Xm-I-s´,- Hm-tcm- a-Zv-l-_n-se-bpw- \o-Xn-am-
"kp-∂-Øv'- F-∂m¬- \-_n- ()- Xp-S¿-®-bm-bn- sNbvX ∑m-cm-b- B-fp-Iƒ- km-£y-s∏-Sp-Øp-∂-Xp-am-Wv.- A-h-
t-Xm- A-s√-¶n¬- k-m[ - m-cW - b - m-bn- sN-øm-dp-≈t- Xm- Bb- cn¬- H-cm-fm-Wv- A-_p¬- l-k-\m-Xv- A-√-Iv-\-hn- A¬-
B-cm-[-\m-I¿-Ωw-.- F-∂m¬- "^¿-fv'- B-Ip-∂- cq-]-Øn¬- l-\^n.- A-t±-lw- ]-d-bp-∂-p-:- ""Fß-s\- A-√m-Xn-cn-°pw?-
A-Xv- I¬-]n-°-s∏-´n-´n-√.- A-Xv- sN-bv-X-h-∂v- {]-Xn-^-eap- A-h-cm-Wv- \-_n-()-bp-sS- b-Ym¿-∞- A-\-¥-cm-h-Im-in-
≠v.- F-∂m¬- H-gn-hm-°n-b-h≥- in-£n-°-s∏-Sp-I-bn-√,- Iƒ-;- A-hn-Sp-sØ- \n-b-a-kw-ln-XI-fp-sS- b-Ym¿-∞-
Bt£-]m¿-l-\p-a-√.- h‡m-°ƒ;-- A-√m-lp- \-sΩ- A-hc - p-sS- Iq-´Ø- n¬- Dƒs∏-
F-∂m¬,- Nn-e- ap-J-√n-Zp-Iƒ- F-Sp-Øp-]-d-bp-I-bpw,- Sp-Øp-I-bpw- A-h-cp-sS- kv-t\-l-Øn-epw- N-cn-{X-Øn-epam-
\-_n-()-bn-te-°v- tN¿-Øv- ]-db - p-Ib - pw- sN-øp-∂- ""Fs‚- bn- a-cn-∏n-°p-I-bpw- sN-ø-s´''.-
kp-∂-Øv- B-sc-¶n-epw- H-gn-hm-°n-bm¬,- A-h-\v- F-s‚- A-√m-lp- C-amw- A-la v- Z- p-_\
v- p- l-ºe - n-\v- ta¬- IcpW-
ip-]m¿-i- e-`n-°p-I-bn-√'-'- F-∂- l-Zo-Yv- A-√m-lp-hn-s‚- sNm-cn-b-s´˛ A-t±-lw- ]-d-™p:-
Zq-X-cn¬-(-)- \n-∂p-≈-Xm-sW-∂-Xn-\v- bm-sX-m-cp- A-Sn-kv- ap-l-Ω-Zn-s‚- a-Xw- D-≤-c-Wn-I-fn-em-Wv.-
Ym-\h - p-an-√.- \-_n-()-bp-sS- hm-°m-sW-∂v- kvY - n-cs
- ∏-´n´n- H-cp- bp-hm-hn-s‚- G-‰-hpw- \-√- hm-l-\w-
√m-Ø-Xv,- \-_n-(-)-bn-te-°v- tN¿-Øv- ]-d-bp-∂-Xv- A-\ph- {]-am-W-ß-fm-Wv,-
Z-\o-b-a-√.- Im-c-Ww,- sX-‰m-bn- A-t±-l-Øn-te-°v- F-s¥
l-Zo-Yn¬- \n-∂pw- A-Xn-s‚- B-fp-I-fn¬- \n-∂pw-
¶n-epw- tN¿-Øv- ]-d™ - p-sh-∂p-ht- ∂-°pw-.- A-hn-Sp-∂v(- )-
Xn-cn-™v- I-f-b-cp-Xv,-
]-d-™-Xp-t]m-se- ""Rm≥- ]-d-bm-Ø- H-cp- Im-cyw- F-∂n
te-°v- B-sc-¶-n-epw- tN¿-Øv- ]-d-™m¬-˛ A-h≥- \-c-I Im-c-Ww-˛ A-`n-{]m-bw- cm-hpw- l-ZoYv-
Øn¬- X-s‚- C-cn-∏n-Sw- kzo-I-cn-®p-sIm-≈-s´-!''- ]-I-ep-am-Wv,-
aq-eI- r-Xn-bn¬- D-≈X - p-t]m-se ]n-¥p-Sc - s
- ∏-Sp-∂- \mev- H-cp- bp-hm-hv- am¿-K-Z¿-i-\-sØ-∏-‰n- A-Pv-R-\m-
a-Zv-l-_p-I-fn¬- G-sX-¶n-epw- H-cp- {]-tXy-I- a-Zv-l-_n¬- tb-°mw.-
kz-bw- H-Xp-ßn- \n¬-°p-∂-h-\-√- Rm≥- F-∂-Xv- ]-d-bm kq-cy-≥- A-Xn-s‚- F-√m- {]-`-tbm-Sp-Iq-Sn-
sX-Xs - ∂- A-dn-bp-∂X - m-Wv.- - {]-Xyp-X,- l-Zo-Yn-s‚- B-fpI- tim-`n-°p-I-bm-bn-cp-∂n-´p-Iq-Sn.-
fp-sS- am¿-K-am-Wv- Rm≥- ]n-¥p-S¿-∂-Xv.- A-Xm-b-Xv,- \_n- ˛ap-l-Ω-Zv- \m-kzn-dp-±o≥- A¬-_m-\n-
()-b-n¬- \n-∂pw- kv-Yn-c-s∏-´- F-√m- l-Zo-Yp-I-fpw- kzoI- Z-a-kv-I-kv-,- ln.- 1392 k-^¿- 26.-
cn-°p-∂-h-cp-sS- am¿-Kw.- A-Xv- Im-c-Ww,- A-h-cp-sS- A-`n-
\-_n-()-bp-sS- \-a-kv-Im-cw- 12 \-_n-()-bp-sS- \-a-kv-Im-cw- 13

3.- I-Av-_- t\-cn¬- Im-Wp-∂-h¿-°v- A-Xn-s\- t\-cn-´v-


A-`-n-ap-Jo-I-cn-°¬- \n¿-_-\v-[-am-Wv.- F-∂m¬,- t\-cn¬-
Im-Wm≥- km-[n-°m-Ø-h¿,- A-Xn-s‚- Zn-i-bn-te-°v- Xncn-
tb-≠-Xm-Wv.-
A-_-≤-Øn¬- I-Av-_-bp-tS-X-√m-Ø- Zn-i-bn-te-°v-
Xn-cn-™p-sIm-≠v- \-a-kv-I-cn-°p-∂-Xn-s‚- hn-[n.-
4.- ta-Lw- aq-Sn-b-Xn-\m-tem- a-‰p-h-√- Im-c-W-Øm-tem-
I-A-_-sb- A-`n-ap-Jo-I-cn-°¬- t\-cm-b- Zn-i- I-s≠-Øm-\p-≈- ]-cn-{i-a-Øn-\pw- A-t\zj-
1.- \n-߃- \-a-kv-Im-c-Øn-\m-bn- F-gp-t∂-‰p-\n-∂m¬,- W-Øn-\pw- ti-jw- Izn-_v-e-bp-tS-X-√m-Ø- Zn-i-bn-te-°v-
F-hn-sS-bm-bn-cp-∂m-epw- I-Av-_-sb- A-`nap-Jo-I-cn-°p-I- Xn-cn-™p-sIm-≠v- B-sc-¶n-epw- \-a-kv-I-cn-®m¬,- A-h-s‚-
˛\n¿-_-\v-[- \-a-kv-Im-c-ß-fn-epw- sF-Nv-On-I- \-a-kv-Imc- \-a-kv-Im-cw- kzo-Im-cy-am-Wv.- A-h≥- A-Xv- a-S-°n- \-akvI-
ß-fn-epw-˛ A-Xv- \-akv-Im-c-Øn-s‚- H-cp- dp-Iv-\m-Wv-;- AXn- cn-t°-≠-Xn-√.-
√m-sX- \-a-kv-Im-cw- i-cn-bm-hp-I-bn-√.- 5. F-∂m¬,- A-h≥- \-a-kv-I-cn-°p-tºmƒ,- A-h-∂v- hn
2.- I-Tn-\-am-b- bp-≤-Øn-s‚- A-h-k-c-Øn-epw- A-Xnbm- iz-kvX - \
- m-b- H-cmƒ- h-∂v- t\-cm-b- Zn-i- A-h∂
- v- A-dnbn®p-
b- `-bØ - n-s‚- \-ak - Iv- m-cØ- n-epw- I-A_ v- s - b- A-`n-apJoI- sIm-Sp-Øm¬,- A-h≥- [r-Xn-bn¬- B- Zn-i-bn-te-°v-
cn-t°-≠- A-\n-hm-cy-X- H-gn-hm-°n-bn-´p-≠v.- Xncntb-≠-Xm-Wv.- A-h-s‚- \-a-kv-Im-cw- i-cn-bm-hp-I-bpw-
tcm-Kn-sb- t]m-se- _p-≤n-ap-´v- A-\p-`-hn-°p-∂-hsc sN-øpw.-
bpw- A-Xs - √-¶n¬,- I-∏e - n-tem,- Im-dn-tem,- hn-am-\Ø - ntem- \ndp-Øw- (Jn-bmw)-
D-≈- \-a-kv-Im-c- k-a-bw- I-gn-™pt]m-Ip-sa-∂v- `-b-s∏Sp-
∂-h-sc-bpw- A-Xn¬-\n-∂pw- H-gn-hm-°n-bn-´p-≠v.- 6.- \n-∂p-sIm-≠v- \-a-kv-I-cn-°¬- \n¿-_-‘-am-Wv.-
ar-KØ- n-t∑-tem,- hm-l\ - Ø
- n-tem- kp-∂Ø - pw- hnXvdpw- Xmsg- ]-d-bp-∂-h¿-s°m-gn-sI- A-Xv- dp-Iv-\m-Wv:-
\-a-kv-I-cn-°p-∂-h-s\-bpw- A-Xn¬-\n-∂pw- H-gn-hm-°n-bn- A-Xn-bm-b- `-b-Øn-s‚- k-μ¿-`-Øn-epw- I-Tn-\-amb-
´p-≠v.- F-∂m¬- km-[n-°p-sa-¶n¬- {]m-cw-`- X-Iv-_-o-dn-s‚- t]m-cm-´-Øn-s‚- A-h-k-c-Øn-ep-w- \-a-kv-Im-c-w- \n¿-h-ln-
k
- μ- ¿-`Ø- n¬- Izn-_ve - s
- b- A-`n-ap-Jo- I
- c - n-°¬- A-`n-Imay- °p-∂-h≥.- A-h-∂v- bm-{X-sN-b-vXp-sIm-≠v- \-a-kv-I-cn-°p-
am-Wv.- ti-jw- A-Xv- G-Xv- `m-K-tØ°-v- Xn-cn-bp∂pthm,- ∂-Xv- A-\p-h-Z-\o-b-am-Wv.- \n-∂v- \-a-kv-I-cn-°m≥- _p-≤n-
A-tßm-´v- A-h-∂v- Xn-cn-bm-hp-∂-Xm-Wv.- ap-´p-≈- tcm-Kn,-- km-[n-°p-sa-¶n¬- C-cp-∂v- \-ak
- I
v- c
- n-°Ww;-
\-_n-()-bp-sS- \-a-kv-Im-cw- 14 \-_n-()-bp-sS- \-a-kv-Im-cw- 15

A-s√-¶n¬- H-cp- h-i-tØ-°v- sN-cn-™v- In-S-∂p-sIm-≠v.- Aß-s\- \-a-kv-I-cn-°p-tºmƒ-- C-cp-∂p-sIm-≠v- ]m-cm-b-


sF-On-I- \-ak - Iv- m-cw- \n¿-hl - n-°p-∂h- \- v- k-©c - n-®p-sIm- Ww- sN-øp-I-bpw- dp-Iq-C-\v- A¬-]w- ap-ºm-bn- \n¬-°pI-
t≠m,- A-h≥- D-t±-in-°p-Ib - m-sW-¶n¬- C-cp-∂p-sIm-t≠m- bpw,- ]n-s∂- A-Xn¬- _m-°n-bp-≈- B-b-Øp-Iƒ- \n-∂p-
\-akvI - c
- n-°m-hp-∂X - m-Wv˛- dp-Iq-Dw- kp-Pq-Zpw- X-e- Ip-\n®p- sIm-≠v- H-m-Xp-I-bpw- sN-øm-hp-∂-Xm-Wv.- ti-jw- dp-Iq-Dw-
sIm-≠v- \n¿-h-l-n-°-Ww-.- A-{]-Im-cw- X-s∂-bm-Wv- tcmKn- kp-Pq-Zpw- sN-øp-I-bpw- c-≠m-a-sØ- d-Iv-A-Øn¬- A-Xp-
bpw.- dp-Iq-C-t\-°mƒ- Iq-Sp-X¬- X-e-Ip-\n-®v- sIm-≠mWv- t]m-se-X-s∂- sN-øm-hp-∂-Xp-a-m-Wv-.-
kp-Pq-Zv sN-tø-≠-Xv-.- 12.- C-cp-∂p-sIm-≠v- \-a-kv-I-cn-°p-I-bm-sW-¶n¬- N-{aw-
7.- C-cp-∂p-sIm-≠v- \-a-kv-I-cn-°p-∂-bmƒ-°-v,- kp-Pq-Zv- ]-Sn-™n-cn-°-p-I-tbm- ku-I-cy-{]-Z-am-b- a-t‰-sX-¶n-epw-
sN-øp-∂X - n-\p-th-≠n- X-db - n¬-\n-∂pw- D-b¿-∂v- \n¬-°p∂- cq]-Øn¬- C-cn-°-p-I-tbm- sN-ømw-.-
hn-[w- h-√-Xpw- sh-°m≥- ]m-Sp-≈-X-√.- {]-Xyp-X,- \n-eØv-
]m-Z-c-£-Iƒ- [-cn-®p-sIm-≠p-≈- \-a-kv-Im-cw-
s\-‰n- ]-Xn-∏n-°m≥- km-[n-°p-∂n-s√-¶n¬,- ap-ºv- ]-d-™-
Xp-t]m-se,- dp-Iq-C-t\-°mƒ- Iq-Sp-X¬- X-e-Ip-\n-®v- sIm- 13.- ]m-Z-c-£-Iƒ- [-cn-®p-sIm-≠v- \-a-kv-I-cn-°p-∂-Xpw-
≠v- kp-Pq-Zv- sN-ø-Ww.- \-Kv\
- ]- m- Z- \
- m-bn- \-ak
- vI
- c
- n-°p-∂X
- pw A-\p-hZ- \
- o-ba
- m-Wv.-
I-∏-en-epw- hn-am-\-Øn-epw- sh-®p-≈- \-a-kv-Im-cw- 14.- H-cn-°¬- C-{]-Im-cw- (A-Xm-b-Xv,- \-Kv-\-]m-Z-\m-bn),-
a-s‰m-cn-°¬- C-{]-Im-cw- (A-Xm-b-Xv,- ]m-Z-c-£- [-cn-®p-
8.- I-∏-en¬-sh-®v- \n¿-_-\v-[-\-a-kv-Im-cw- \n¿-h-ln-°p- sIm-≠v)-,- F-∂- co-Xn-bn¬- A-h-s‚- ku-I-cym-∞w- \-a-
∂-Xv- A-\p-h-Z-\o-b-am-Wv.- A-{]-Im-cw- X-s∂- hn-am-\- kv-I-cn-°p-∂-Xm-Wv- G-‰-hpw- D-Ø-aw.- \-a-kv-Im-c-Øn¬-
Ønepw.-
A-Xv- [-cn-°p-hm-t\m- Du-cn-sh-°m-t\m- \n¿-_-\v-[n-°m≥-
9.- ho-gp-sa-∂- `-b-ap-s≠-¶n¬- A-h- c-≠n-epw- C-cp-∂p- ]m-Sp-≈-X-√.- {]-Xyp-X,- \-Kv-\-]m-Z-\m-bn-cn-°p-I-bm-sW-
sIm-≠v- \-a-kv-I-cn-°¬- A-\p-h-Z-\o-b-am-Wv-.- ¶n¬- \-Kv-\-]m-Z-\m-bn-X-s∂- \-a-kv-I-cn-°W-w.- F-∂m¬-
10.- {]m-bm-[n-Iyw- Im-c-W-tam- i-co-c-Øn-s‚- Zp¿-_eX- ]m-Z-c-£- [-cn-®-h-\m-sW-¶n¬,- ]m-Z-c-£- [-c-n-®p-sIm-≠v-
\n-an-Ø-tam- h-Sn-bn-t∑-tem,- Xq-Wn-t∑-tem- Nm-cn-\n-∂p- X-s∂- \-a-kv-I-cn-°W-w.- {]-tXy-I- kml-N-cyw- D-≠msb-
sIm-≠v- \-a-kv-I-cn-°p-∂-Xv- A-\p-h-Z-\o-b-am-Wv.- ¶n-e-√m-sX.-
\n-dp-Ø-hpw- C-cp-Ø-hpw- H-cp-an-®v- \n¿-h-ln-°-¬- 15.- ]m-Z-c-£- Du-cn-sh-°p-I-bm-sW-¶n¬- kz-¥w-
11.- {]tX-yI - n-®v- Im-cW
- s
- am-∂pw- C-s√-ms
- X-Xs
- ∂- cm{Xn- h-e-Xp-`m-K-Øv- sh-°-cp-Xv,- C-S-Xp-`m-KØm-Wv- sh-t°
\-ak
- I v- m-cw- C-cp-∂p-sIm-≠pw- \n-∂p-sIm-≠pw- A-h- c-≠pw- ≠Xv- C-S-Xp-`m-K-Øv- B-cpw- \-a-kvI-cn-°p-∂n-s√-¶n¬-.-
k-Ωn-{i-am-bpw- \n¿-h-ln°p-∂-Xv- A-\p-h-Z-\o-b-am-Wv.- A-s√-¶n¬,- A-h-sb- c-≠v- Im¬-]m-Z-߃-°n-S-bn¬-sh-
\-_n-()-bp-sS- \-a-kv-Im-cw- 16 \-_n-()-bp-sS- \-a-kv-Im-cw- 17

°-s´(1)-.- Cu- Im-cyw-- \-_n-()-bn¬-\n-∂pw- kv-Y-n-c-s∏-´- D-≠v''.-


Xm-Wv.- 18.- A-Xn-\-Sp-Øv- \n¬-°¬- \n¿-_-\v-[-am-Wv-,- Im-c-Ww-
an-º-dn-t∑-¬- sh-®p-≈- \-a-kv-Im-cw- \-_-n-()- A-{]-Im-cw- I¬-]n-®n-´p-≠v.-
16.- P-\-ß-sf- ]-Tn-∏n-°p-∂-Xn-\m-bn- C-amw- D-b¿-∂- 19.- \-_n- -()- kp-Pq-Zv- sN-øp-∂- kv-Y-e-Øn-\pw- (adbm-
Hcp-kv-Y-e-Øv- \n-∂p-sIm-≠v- \-a-kv-I-cn-°p-∂-Xv- A-\ph- bn- kzo-I-cn-®)- a-Xn-en-\p-an-S-bn¬- H-cp- B-Sn-\v- \-S-∂p
Z-\o-ba - m-Wv.- A-Xn-\v- ap-If
- n¬-sh-®p-Xs
- ∂- A-t±-lw- \n¬- t]m-Im-\p-≈- kvY - e
- w- am-{X-sa D
- ≠- m-bn-cp-∂p-≈q.- At∏m
°p-I-bpw- X-Iv-_o¿- sNm-√p-I-bpw- Jp¿-B≥- ]m-cm-b-Ww- ƒ,- B-sc-¶n-epw- A-ßs - \- sN-bvX- m¬,- A-h≥- A-\n-hmcy-
sN-øp-I-bpw- dp-Iq-Av- \n¿-h-ln-°p-I-bpw- th-W-w.- ti-jw,- am-b- co-Xn-bn¬- a-d- kzo-I-cn-®p-.-(2)-
an-º-dn-\v- Xm-sg,- X-d-bn¬- kp-Pq-Zv- sN-øp-∂-Xn-\p-th-≠n- a-d-(kp-Xv-d)-bp-sS- D-b-c-Øn-s‚- A-f-hv-
]n-t∂m-´v- C-d-ßn-h-c-W-w-.- ]n-∂o-Sv-,- an-º-dn-te-°v- X-s∂-
a-S-ßpw.- ]n-∂o-Sv,- H-∂m-a-sØ- d-Iv-A-Øn¬- sN-bv-X-t]m- 20.- "kp-Xv-d'- X-d-bn¬-\n-∂pw- H-cp- Nm¨- A-s√-¶n¬-
se- A-Sp-Ø- d-Iv-A-Øn-epw- sN-øW-w.- c-≠v- N-m¨- (H-cp-Nm-¨- = 9 C-©v- = 23 sk‚n-ao-‰¿)- Db
¿-∂X - m-bn-cn-°¬- \n¿-_\ - v[ - m-Wv.- \-_n-()-bp-sS- hm°p-
- a
a-d-(k-p-Xv-d)- kzo-I-cn-®p-sIm-≠pw- A-Xn-\-Sp-Øv- \n- I-fn¬-\n-∂pw- A-Xm-Wv- {K-ln-°m≥- km-[n-°p-∂-Xv.- ""\n-
∂p-sIm-≠p-w- \-a-kv-Icn-t°-≠-X-n-s‚- A-\n-hm-cy-X- ß-fn-em-sc-¶n-epw- H-´-I-°-´n-en-s‚- ]n≥-`m-K-sØ- h-Sn-bp-
17.- a-d- kzo-I-cn-®p-sIm-≠v- \-a-kv-I-cn-°-¬- \n¿-_-\v[- sS-(3)- A-{X-bp-≈- h-√-Xpw- ap-∂n¬-sh-®m¬,- A-h≥- (A-
am-Wv,- A-Xn¬- ]-≈n-sb-t∂m,- a-‰v- kvY - e- ß
- s - f-t∂m- hen- Xn-te-°v- Xn-cn-™v)- \-a-kv-I-cn-°-s´.- A-Xn-\v- A-∏p-d-Øv-
b- ]-≈n-sb-t∂m,- sN-dn-b- ]-≈n-sb-t∂m- D-≈- th¿-Xncn- Iq-Sn- B-sc-¶n-epw- I-S-∂p-t]m-Ip-∂p-sh-¶n¬- A-X-h≥-
hn-√.- Im-c-Ww- \-_-n()-bp-sS- s]m-Xp-hm-b- I¬-]-\- A- {i-≤n-t°-≠-Xn-√''.-
Xn-\p-≠v.- ""a-d- ko-I-cn-®p-sIm-≠-√m-sX- \n-߃- \-a-kvI-
cn-°-cp-Xv.- \n-ß-fp-sS- ap-∂n-eq-sS- B-sc-bpw- I-S-∂p-t]m- 2.-Rm≥- (A¬-_m-\n)- ]-d-bp-∂p-:- k-n-dn-b-bn-se-bpw- a-‰pw- ]-≈n-I
fn¬- P-\-߃- sN-øp-∂-Xm-bn- I-≠t]m-se-,- a-Xn-en¬-\n-∂pw-
Im≥- A-\p-h-Zn-°p-I-bpw- A-cp-Xv.- (X-S-bp-tºmƒ)- Bsc- XqWp-If - n¬-\n-∂pw- A-I∂ - p-sIm-≠v- ]-≈n-bp-sS- a-[y-Øn¬- \n¬
¶n-epw- sN-dp-Øp-\n-∂m¬- A-h\ - p-am-bn- a-√n-Sp-I,- Im-cWw- °p-∂-Xv- {]-hm-N-I- I¬-]-\-sb-Ip-dn-®pw- N-cy-sb- Ip-dn-®p-ap-≈-
A-h-t\m-sSm-∏w- H-cp- "J-co≥'- (A-Xm-b-Xv,- ssi-Xzm-≥)- Xn-I™- - A-PvR- X- b
- √ - m-sX- a-s‰m-∂p-a√ - - F-∂m-Wv- \mw- a-\ 
- nem-
°p-∂-Xv.-
1.- Rm≥- (A¬-_m-\n)- ]-db - p-∂p-:- A-h- ap-∂n¬- sh-°c - p-sX-∂- hyIv- 3.-"ap-AvJ- n-dX - p¿-dl
- v¬'-:- H-´I
- - I-´n-en-s‚- ]n-∂n¬- Nm-cn-bn-cn-°p∂Xn
X-am-b- kq-N\
- - C-Xn-ep-≠v.- \-ak- vI
- m-c°
- m-cn¬- `q-cn-`m-Kh - pw- AhK- \v- th-≠n-bp-≈- sN-dn-b- a-c-Ø-Sn.- \n-e-Øv- h-c-h-c-°p-∂-Xv- A\p-
Wn-°p-∂- H-cp- a-cym-Zb
- m-Wn-Xv.- A-h¿- ]-mZ- c
- £
- b
- n-te-°v- Xn-cn™p- h-Z-\o-b-a-s√-∂- kq-N-\- Cu- l-Zo-Yn-ep-≠v-.- A-Xv- kw-_-‘-ambn-
sIm-≠v- \-a-kv-I-cn-°p-∂-Xv- Im-Wmw-!- h-∂n-´p-≈- l-Zo-Yp-I-sf-√mw- Zp¿-_-e-am-Wv.-
\-_n-()-bp-sS- \-a-kv-Im-cw- 18 \-_n-()-bp-sS- \-a-kv-Im-cw- 19

21.- \-a-kv-I-cn-°p-∂-h≥- a-d-bp-sS- t\-sc- Xn-cn-™v- \a- °p-∂X - m-bn-cn-°pw- A-Xn-t\-°mƒ- A-h∂ - v- Kp-WI
- c
- a- mbn-
kvI- c- n-°W-w.- a-d- kzo-Ic- n-®p-sIm-≠v- \-ak
- vIc- n-°m-\p≈- cn-°p-I''.- A-Xm-b-Xv,- A-h-s‚-bpw- A-h-s‚- kp-Pq-Zn-s‚-
I¬-]-\-bn¬- \n-∂pw- hy-Iv-X-am-Ip-∂-Xv- A-Xm-Wv.- F∂m bpw- kv-Ym-\-Øn-\n-S-bneq-sS- \-S-∂p- t]m-Ip-∂-Xv-.-(4)-
¬,- A-Xn-\p-t\-sc- \n¬-°m-sX,- A-Xn-s‚- h-eX - p-`m-Kt- Ø- \-a-kv-I-cn-°p-∂-h-s‚-- ap-∂n-eq-sS- I-S-∂p-t]m-Ip-
t°m,- C-S-Xp-`m-K-sØ-t°m- B-bn- A¬-]w- sN-cn-™p- ∂-h-s\- X-S-tb-≠-Xn-s‚- A-\n-hm-c-y-X-.-
\n¬-°p-I- F-∂-Xv- kv-Yn-c-s∏-´n´n-√.-
25.- a-d- kzo-I-cn-®p-sIm-≠v- \-a-kv-I-cn-°p-∂- H-cp-h-\v,-
22.- `q-an-bn¬- \m-´n-sh-®- h-Sn-bn-te-t°m- A-Xp-t]m-ep- X-s‚- ap-∂n-eq-sS- I-S∂ - p-t]m-Ip-∂- H-cm-sf-bpw- X-Sb - msX-
≈-Xn-te-t°m- Xn-cn-™p-sIm-≠pw- a-cØ - n-te-t°m- XqWn- hn-Sp-∂-Xv- A-\p-h-Z-\o-b-a-√-.- ap-ºv- ]-d-™- ""....-\n-ß-fpsS-
te-t°m- Xn-cn-™p-sIm-≠pw- In-S-°-bn¬- ]p-X-∏v- aq-Sn- ap-∂n-eq-sS- I-S-∂p-t]m-I-m≥- B-sc-bpw- A-\p-h-Zn-°-cp-
In-S°- p-∂- `m-cy-bn-te-°v- Xn-cn-™p-sIm-≠pw- X-s‚- hml- Xv....'' F-∂- l-Zo-Yv- X-s∂-bm-Wv- Im-cW - w-.- Iq-Sm-sX,- \_n
\-ar-K-Øn-te-°v˛A-Xv- H-´-I-am-bn-cp-∂m¬-t]m-epw-˛ Xn-cn- (-)b - p-sS- hm-°p-Iƒ-:- ""P-\ß - f - n¬-\n-∂pw- X-s∂- a-db - v°p-
™p-sIm-≠pw- \-a-kv-I-cn-°p-∂-Xv- A-\p-h-Z-\o-b-am-Wv-.- ∂- H-cp- h-kv-Xp-hn-s‚- t\¿-°v- Xn-cn-™v- B-sc-¶n-epw- \
J-_-dn-te-°v- Xn-cn-™v- \-a-kv-I-cn-°¬- \n-jn-≤w- a-kv-I-cn-°p-tºmƒ,- A-h-s‚- ap-∂n-eq-sS- H-cmƒ- I-S-∂v-
23.- J-_d
- n-\v- t\-sc- Xn-cn-™p-sIm-≠v- \-ak
- vI
- c
- n-°p∂- t]m-Ip-hm≥- D-t±-in-°p-Ib - m-sW-¶n¬,- A-h≥- A-bm-fpsS-
Xv- A-\p-h-Z-\o-b-a-√.- A-Xv- {]-hm-N-I-∑m-cp-sS- J-_v-dmbm- I-gp-Øn-\v- ]n-Sn-®v- X-≈p-I-bpw- km-[y-am-Ipw-hn-[w- X-S-
epw- a-‰p-≈-h-cp-tS-Xm-bm-epw- k-a-am-Wv.- bp-Ib - pw- sN-øs
- ´...- (a-s‰m-cp- dn-t∏m¿-´n¬...- ""A-h\ - p-ambn-
bp-≤w- sN-tø-≠-Xm-Wv- Im-c-Ww-,- A-h≥- H-cp- ]n-im-N-
\-a-kv-I-cn-°p-∂-h-s‚- s{X''-).-
ap-∂n-eq-sS- I-S-∂p-t]m-I¬- \n-jn-≤w-
X-S-bm≥- th-≠n- ap-t∂m-´v- \-S-°¬-
24.- a-d- kzo-Ic
- n-®p-sIm-≠v- \-ak
- vI
- c
- n-°p-∂h
- s
- ‚- ap∂n-
eq-sS- I-S-∂p-t]m-Ip-∂-Xv- A-\p-h-Z-\o-b-a-√.- A-Xn-\v- akv- 26.- ar-Kt- am- Ip-´n-tbm- t]m-se- "X-Ie
-v o-^'v -- (\n-ba
- w- A\p-
Pn-Zn¬- l-dm-sa-t∂m,- A-√m-Ø-sX-t∂m- D-≈- th¿-Xn-cn- k-cn-°¬- _m-[y-X-bp-≈-h≥)- C-√m-Ø- B-sc¶nepw- ap
hn-√.- A-\p-h-Z-\o-b-Øn-s‚- Im-cy-Øn¬- A-h-sb-√mw- ∂n-eq-sS- I-S-∂p-t]m-Ip-∂-Xns\- X-S-bp-∂-Xn-\p-th-≠n-,
k-a-am-Wv.- \-_n-()-bp-sS- s]m-Xp-hm-b- I¬-]-\-bn¬-\n- 4.- F-∂m¬,- ""a-ds
- bm-∂pw- Iq-Sm-sX- Xz-hm-^v- sN-øp-∂- ÿ-eØ - ns‚-
∂pw- {K-ln-°m-hp-∂-Xm-Wv- A-Xv.- ""\-a-kv-I-cn-°p-∂-h-s‚- A-‰-Øv- \n-∂p-sIm-≠v- \-_n-()- \-a-kv-I-cn-°p-I-bpw- A-t±-lØn-
s‚- ap-∂n-eq-sS- P-\-߃- \-S-°p-I-bpw- sN-bv-Xp'-'- F-∂- l-Zo-Yv-
ap-∂n-eq-sS- I-S-∂p-t]m-Ip-∂-h≥,- Xm≥- sN-øp-∂-Xn-s‚- kz-l-o-l-√.- am-{X-a-√,- A-t±-l-Øn-s‚-bpw- A-t±-lw- kp-Pq-Zv- sN-
Ku-c-hw- A-dn-™n-cp-s∂-¶n¬,- \m¬-]-Xv- h-sc- Im-Øncn- øp-∂- kv-Y-e-Øn-\p-an-S-bn-eq-sS-bm-Wv- \-S-∂-Xv- F-∂pw- A-Xnen√.-
\-_n-()-bp-sS- \-a-kv-Im-cw- 20 \-_n-()-bp-sS- \-a-kv-Im-cw- 21

Ah- ]n-d-In-eq-sS- I-S-∂p-t]m-Ip-thm-fw-- H-t∂m- A-Xn-e[n- ∂p-;- X-Iv-_o-tdm-Sp-Iq-Sn- A-Xn-te-°v- {]-th-in-°p-I-bpw-


I-tam- Np-hS- p-Iƒ- ap-t∂m-´-v \-S°
- p-∂X
- v A-\ph-Z\
- o-bamWv.- X-kv-eo-tam-Sp-Iq-Sn- A-Xn¬-\n-∂pw- ]p-d-Øv- h-cn-I-bpw-
thWw.--''-(5)-
\-a-kv-Im-c-Øn-\v- hn-L-\ v w- h-cp-Øp-∂-h-
30.- C-am-sam-gn-sI- a-‰m-cpw- H-cp- \-a-kv-Im-c-Øn-epw- XIv-
27.- a-d- kzo-Ic
- n-®v- \-ak
- I v- c- n-°p-∂h - ∂
- v,- \-ak- I
v- m-cØn
_o¿- sNm-√p-tºmƒ- i-_v-Z-ap-b¿-Ø-cp-Xv-.-
¬- X-s‚- ap-∂n-eq-sS- B-sc-¶n-epw- I-S-∂p-t]m-Ip-∂- Imc-
W-Øm¬- \-a-kv-Im-c-Øn-\v- hn-Lv-\w- h-cp-∂-Xv- X-S-bm≥- 31.- B-h-iy-am-bn- h-cn-I-bm-sW-¶n¬-˛ C-am-an-\v- tcmKw-
a-d-sIm-≠v- km-[n-°pw- F-∂-Xv- a-d-bp-sS- {]m-[m\y-Øn¬- _m-[n-°p-I-bpw- i-_v-Zw- Zp¿-_-e-am-hp-I-bpw- sN-bv-Xm¬;-
s]-´X - m-Wv.- C-Xn-\v- hn-]c - o-Xa - m-bn- a-d- kzo-Ic - n°m-sX- \a- A-s√-¶n¬- ]n-∂n¬- \-a-kv-I-cn-°p-∂-h¿- h¿-[n-®m¬-
kv-I-cn-°p-∂-hs‚- ap-∂n-eq-sS- {]m-b-]q¿-Øn-bmb- H-cp- ˛Cam-an-s‚- i-_vZ- w- P-\ß - s- f- tI-ƒ] - n-°p-∂X - n-\p-th-≠n-
kv{- Xo-tbm- H-cp- I-gp-Xt- bm- I-dp-Ø- \m-bt- bm- IS∂p- t]m- ap-A-±n≥- A-Xv- B-h¿-Øn-°p-∂-Xv- A-\p-h-Z-\o-b-am-Wv.-
bm¬- X-s‚- \-a-kv-Im-c-Øn-\v- A-Xv- hn-Lv-\w- h-cpØpw.- 32.- C-amw- X-Iv-_o¿- sNm-√n-°-gn-™m-e-√m-sX- a-Avaqw-
X-Iv-_o¿- sNm-√-cp-Xv.-
\n-ø-Øv-
ssI-Iƒ- D-b¿-Ø-epw- A-Xn-s‚- cq-]-h-pw-
28.- \-a-kv-I-cn-°m≥- t]m-Ip-∂-h≥- Xm≥- \-a-kv-I-cn-
33.- X-I_ v- o¿- sNm-√p-∂t- Xm-sSm-∏w,- A-s√-¶n¬- AXn\v-
°m≥- t]m-Ip-∂- B- \-a-kv-Im-c-sØ- a-\- -n¬-- I-cp-X¬-
ap-ºv- A-Xp-a-s√-¶n¬- A-Xn-\p-ti-jw- ssI-Iƒ- D-b¿Ø
A-\n-hm-cy-am-Wv.- D-Zm-lc - W
- Ø
- n-\v- fp-l¿,- A-k¿- t]mse-
W-w.- C-h-sb-√mw- kp-∂-Øn¬ -kv-Yn-c-s∏-´-Xm-Wv.-
bp-≈- \n¿-_\ - [
v- - \-ak
- I
v- m-cß- s
- f-t∂m,- A-hb - p-sS- kp∂-
Øp-I-sf-t∂m- D-≈-Xv-˛ A-Xv- i¿-X-z-v,- A-s√-¶n¬- dp-Iv\v- 34.- hn-ce
- p-Iƒ- \n-h¿-Øn-s°-m≠ - -v ssI-Iƒ- Db¿ØWw.-
B-Wv.- F-∂m¬- A-Xv- \m-hp-sIm-≠v- sNm-√-n-∏-d-bp-∂-Xv- 35.- ssI-∏S- ß- ƒ- N-pa- e
- pIƒ-°v- t\-sc-bm-Ip-∂X - v- hsc-
\-_n-N-cy-s°-Xn-cm-b- _n-Zv-A-Øm-Wv.- ap-J-√n-Zp-Iƒ- ]n≥- D-b¿-ØW-w.- Nn-e-t∏mƒ,- Ip-d-®p-Iq-Sn- ta-tem-´p-b¿-Øn-
]-‰p-∂- H-cp- C-am-apw- C-Xv- ]-d-™n-´n-√.- sN-hn-I-fp-sS- t\-sc-bm-°m-w.-(6)-
5.-A-Xm-b-Xv,- `m-jm-]-c-am-bn- ""X-lv-cow''- (l-dm-am-°¬)- F-∂m¬
X-Iv-_o¿- {]-hr-Øn-I-fn¬-\n-∂pw- A-√m-lp- \n-jn-≤-am-°n-b-h.- A-Xpt]m
se,- ""X-lv-eo¬''- (l-em-em-°¬)- F-∂m¬- \-a-kv-Im-c-Øn-\v- ]pd-
29.- A-h≥- \-a-kv-Im-cw- B-cw-`n-°p-∂-Xv- Øv- A-√m-lp- A-\p-h-Zn-®- {]-hr-Øn-Iƒ.-
(A-√m-lp-hm-Wv- G-‰-hpw- h-en-b-h≥)- F-∂v- ]-d-™p-sIm- 6.-Rm≥- (A¬-_m-\n)- ]-d-bp-∂p-:- F-∂m¬- X-s‚- X-≈-hn-c-ep-Iƒ-
sIm-≠v- sN-hn-Iƒ- sXm-Sp-∂-Xn-\v- \-_n-N-cy-bn¬- A-Sn-kv-Ym-\an-
≠m-bn-cn-°-Ww-.- C-Xv- dp-Iv-\m-Wv.- Im-c-Ww- \-_-n()- ]d- √m-Ø-Xm-Wv.- {]-Xyp-X-,- F-s‚- ho-£-W-Øn¬-˛A-Xv- "hkv-hmkn'
™p-:- ""\-a-kv-Im-c-Øns‚- Xm-t°m¬- ip-≤o-I-c-W-am-Ip- s\- £-Wn-®p-h-cp-Øe-m-Wv.-
\-_n-()-bp-sS- \-a-kv-Im-cw- 22 \-_n-()-bp-sS- \-a-kv-Im-cw- 23

sh-t°-≠- kv-Ym-\w-
39.- ssI-Iƒ- c-≠pw- s\-©n-t∑¬- am-{X-sa- sh-°m≥-
]m-Sp-≈q.- C-Xn¬- ]p-cp-j-\pw- kv-{Xo-bpw- k-a-am-Wv.-(8)-
ssI-∏-S-߃- N-p-a-epIƒ-°v-
t\-sc-bm-Ip-∂-Xv- hsc- D-b¿-ØW-w.- 40.- h-e-Xp-ssI- Du-c-ta¬- sh-°p-∂-Xv- A-\p-h-Z-\o-b-
a-√.-

h-eX- p-ssI- C-St- Ø- ssI-∏Ø


- n-bp-sS-
]p-dIp-h-i-Øpw- a-Wn-_-\v-[-Øn-epw-
ssI-Ø-≠-bn-ep-am-bn s\-©n-t∑¬-
ssI- sI-´ep-w- A-Xn-s‚- cq-]-hpw-
sh-°W-w.-
36.- X-Iv-_n-dn-\v- ti-jw- C-S-Xp-I-øn-t∑¬- h-e-Xp-ssI-
sh-°W-w.- C-Xv- {]-hm-N-I-∑m-cp-sS- ()- N-cy-bn¬- s]´-
Xm-Wv.- A-√m-lp-hn-s‚- Zq-X¿-()- kz-lm-_n-I-tfm-Sv- I¬-
]n-®Xpw- A-{]-Im-cw-Xs-- ∂-bm-Wv-.- A-Xn-\m¬,- ssI-Iƒ-
Xm-gv-Øn-bnSp-∂-Xv- A-\p-h-Z-\o-b-a-√.- `-Iv-Xn-bpw- kp-Pq-Zn-s‚- kv-Ym-\tØ-°v- t\m-°-epw-
37.- X-s‚- h-e-Xp-ssI- C-S-tØ- ssI-∏-Øn-bp-sS- ]p-d 41.- \-a-kv-Im-c-Øn¬- `-Iv-Xn-bp-≠m-I-epw- A-e-¶m-c-ß-
Ip-h-i-Øpw- a-Wn-_-\v-[-Øn-epw- ssI-Ø-≠-bn-ep-am-bn- fpw- Nn-{X-∏-Wn-I-fp-ap-≈- A-h-s‚- {i-≤- Xn-cn-°p-∂- F
sh-°W-w.- √mw-Xs - ∂- H-gn-hm-°e
- pw- kz-¥w-- _m-[y-Xb - m-Wv.- `-£Ww-
38.- Nn-e-t∏mƒ,- h-e-Xp-ssI-sIm-≠v- C-S-Xp-ssI- Iq-´n- hn-fº - n-°g- n-™m-epw- aq-{X- hn-k¿-P\ - Ø- n-t\m- a-eh- n-k¿
∏n-Sn-°pI-bp-w sN-ømw-.-(7)- P-\Ø - n-t\m- tXm-∂n-bm-epw- \-ak - Iv- c
- n-°m≥- ]m-Sp-≈X - √.-
7.-F-∂m¬,- ]n¬-°m-e-°m-cm-b- Nn-e¿- ]-c-Øn-sh-°-epw,- Ip-´n-∏nSn- 8.-Rm≥- (A¬-_m-\n)- ]-d-bp-∂p-:- ssI-Iƒ- s\-©√m-Ø-Xn-t∑¬-
°-epw- H-∂n-®v- sN-øp-∂-Xv- \-√-Xm-bn- I-≠n-´p-≠v.- A-Xv- A-SnkvYm- sh-°p-∂-Xv- H-∂p-In¬- Zp¿-_-e-am-Wv A-s√-¶n¬- A-Sn-kv-Ym-\-
\-an-√m-Ø-Xm-Wv.- cln-Xa-m-Wv.-
\-_n-()-bp-sS- \-a-kv-Im-cw- 24 \-_n-()-bp-sS- \-a-kv-Im-cw- 25

42.- \n¬-°p-tºmƒ- kp-Pq-Zn-s‚- kvY


- m-\t- Ø°v- X-s∂- 47.- Nn-e-t∏mƒ- \-_n-() C-{]-Im-cw- ]-d-bp-w-:-
t\m-°W-w.-
43.- h-e-tØm-´pw- C-S-tØm-´pw- Xn-cn-™p-t\m-°cp-Xv-,-
Im-c-Ww,- Xn-cn-™p-t\m-°¬- F-∂-Xv- A-Sn-a-bp-sS- \-akv- (i-]n-°-s∏-´- ]n-im-Nn¬-\n-∂pw- A-h-s‚- _m-[-bn¬-
Im-c-Øn¬- \n-∂pw- ]n-im-Nv- dm-©n-sb-Sp-°p-∂-Xm-Wv.- \n-∂pw- A-h-s‚- A-l-¶m-c-Øn¬-\n-∂pw- A-h-s‚- I-hnX-
44.- B-Im-i-tØ-°v- (D-]-cn-`m-K-tØ-°v)- I-Æp-Iƒ- bn¬-\n-∂pw- Rm≥- A-√m-lp-hn-t\m-Sv- c-£-tX-Sp-∂p).-"I-
Db¿-Øp-∂-Xv- A-\p-h-Z-\o-b-a-√.- hn-X' sI-m-≠p-t±-in-°-s∏-Sp-∂-Xv- B-t£-]m¿-l-am-b-
Ihn-X-bm-Wv.
{]m-c-w-`- {]m¿-∞-\-
48.- a-‰p-Nn-e-t∏mƒ- C-{]-Im-cw- ]-d-bpw-:-
45.- \-_n-()-bn¬-\n-∂pw- kv-Yn-c-s∏-´- {]m¿-∞-\-Ifn
sem-∂v- sIm-≠v- Xp-S-ßW-w.- {]m¿-∞-\-Iƒ- [m-cm-f-ap≠v-
A-h-bn¬- G-‰-hpw- A-dn-b-s∏-´-Xv- C-Xm-Wv-
(F-√mw- tIƒ-°p-∂-h-\pw- A-dn-bp-∂-h-\p-am-b- A-√m-
lp-hn-t\m-Sv- Rm≥- i-]n-°-s∏-´- ]n-im-Nn¬-\n-∂pw- ...-c£-
tX-Sp-∂p).-
49.- ti-jw,- D-ds
- °-tbm-Xp-∂- \-ak - vI
- m-cß- f
- n-epw- ]Xp-
(A-√m-lp-th-!- \n-s∂- kv-Xp-Xn-°p-∂-tXm-sSm-∏w- \n-
s°-tbm-Xp-∂- \-ak - vI
- m-cß
- f
- n-epw- i-_v-Zw- Xm-gvØ
- n-s°m-
s∂- hm-gvØ- p-Ib - pw- sN-øp-∂p- \n-s‚- \m-aw- A-\p-{K-loX-
≠v- C-ß-s\- ]-d-b-Ww.
am-bn-cn-°p-∂p.- \n-s‚- a-lX- zw- D-b¿-∂n-cn-°p-∂p.- \o-b√m-
sX- B-cm-[-\-°v- A¿-l-\m-bn- a-‰m-cp-an-√).-
C-Xn-\p-≈- I¬-]-\- kv-Yn-c-s∏-´-Xm-Wv.- A-Xn-\m¬- (]-ca
- I
- m-cp-Wn-I\
- pw- I-cp-Wm-\n-[n-bp-am-b- A-√m-lphn-
AXv- ]-Xn-hm-°¬- A-\n-hm-cy-am-Wv.-(9)- s‚- \m-a-Øn¬-).-
Jp¿-B≥- ]m-cm-b-Ww- ^m-Xn-l- Hm-X¬-
46.- ti-jw,- A-√m-lp-thm-Sv- c-£-tX-S¬- \n¿-_-\v-[am- 50.- ti-jw,- kq-d-Øp¬- ^m-Xn-l- ]q¿-W-am-bpw- HmX
Wv.- H-gn-hm-°p-∂-Xv- ]m-]-hp-w-.- W-w- ˛"_n-kv-an-√m-ln....'- A-Xn-ep-≈- H-cm-b-Øm-Wv.- C-Xv-
9.- _m-°n-bp-≈- {]m¿-∞-\-Iƒ- Im-Wm≥- D-t±-in-°p-∂-h¿- ""\-_n H-cp- dp-Iv\
- m-Wv.- C-Xn-√m-sX- \-ak
- vI
- m-cw- i-cn-bm-hp-Ib
- n√.-
()-bp-sS- \-ak
- vI
- m-cw''- (t]-Pv 93-˛1- 01.- a-eb
- m-f- ]-cn-`m-j)- Im-WpI.- A-Xn-\-m¬- A-d-_n- A-dn-bm-Ø-h-cpw- A-Xv- a-\x-]m-T-am-
\-_n-()-bp-sS- \-a-kv-Im-cw- 26 \-_n-()-bp-sS- \-a-kv-Im-cw- 27

°¬- \n¿-_-\v-[-am-Wv.- bpw- A-hk - m-\Ø


- n¬- \n¿-Øn,- ti-ja
- p-≈- B-bØ - p-ambn-
51.- F-∂m¬,- A-Xn-\pw- km-[n-°p-∂n-s√-¶n¬- A-h≥- tN¿-°-m-sX- Hm-Xpw-˛B-i-b-]-c-am-bn- ]-c-kv-]-cw- _-\v-[-
C-{]-Im-cw- ]-d-™m¬- a-Xn-bm-Ipw-:- s∏-´v- In-S-°p-∂- B-b-Øp-I-fm-sW-¶n¬-t]m-epw.-
53.- "am-en-In'-(D-S-a-kv-Y≥)- F-∂pw- "a-en-In'-(cm-Pm-hv-)-
F-∂pw- Hm-Xp-∂-Xv- A-\p-h-Z-\o-b-am-Wv.-
aAv-aq-an-s‚- ]m-cm-bWw-
(A-√mlp- ]-cn-ip-≤≥,- kv-Xp-Xn- A-h-\m-Ip-∂p.- A√m- 54.- ]-Xp-s°-tbm-Xp-∂- \-a-kv-Im-c-ß-fn¬,- C-am-an-\v-
lp-h-√m-sX- B-cm-[-\-°¿-l-\n-√.- A-√m-lp-hm-Wv- G-‰- ]n-∂n¬- \-a-kv-I-cn-°p-∂-h≥- ^m-Xn-l- Hm-X¬- \n¿-_\v-
hpw- h-en-b-h≥.- A-√m-lp-hn-\-√m-sX- H-cp- I-gn-hpw- a-lXz- [-am-Wv.- D-ds
- °-tbm-Xp-∂- \-ak
- I
v- m-cß
- f- n¬,- C-amw- HmXp-
hp-an-√).- ∂-Xv- A-h≥- tIƒ-°p-∂n-s√-¶n-¬- A-s√-¶n¬- a-Av-aq-an\v-
52.- Hm-Xp-tºmƒ,- Hm-tcm- B-bØ - p-w- ap-dn-®v- ap-dn-®v- HmX- Hm-Xm≥- th-≠n- C-amw- kz-¥w- ]m-cm-b-W-Øn-\p-ti-jw-
em-Wv- \-_n-Nc - y.- Hm-tcm- B-bØ
- n-s‚-bpw- A-hk - m\Øn au-\a- m-bn- \n¬-°p-Ib - m-sW-¶n¬- A-h≥ - - A-Xv- Hm-tX≠-
¬- \n¿-ØW-w.- Xm-Wv.- F-∂m¬, Cu- au-\-am-bn- \n¬-°¬- kp-∂-Øn¬-
(]-c-a-Im-cp-Wn-I-\pw- I-cp- kv-Yn-c-s∏-´n-´n-√- F-∂m-Wv- \-Ωp-sS- A-`n-{]m-bw-(10).-
Wm-\n-[n-bp-am-b- A-√m-lp-hn-s‚- \m-a-Øn¬)- ti-jw- ^m-Xn-l-°v- ti-j-ap-f-f- ]m-cm-b-Ww-
A¬]w- \n¿-Ø-Ww...- F-∂n-´v- ]-d-b-Ww.- 55.- B-Zy-c-≠v- d-Iv-A-Øp-I-fn¬- ^m-Xn-l-°v- ti-jw-
(k¿-h-kv-Xp-Xn-bpw- k¿-Δ- a-s‰m-cp- kq-d-tØm- A-s√-¶n¬- Ip-d-®v- kq-Iv-X-ß-tfm-
tem-I- c-£n-Xm-hm-b- A-√m-lp-hn-∂m-Ip-∂p).- ti-jw- HmXp-∂-Xv- \-_n-N-cy-bm-Wv-˛A-Xv- a-øn-Øv- \-akv-Im-c-Øn-
A¬-]w- \n¿-Ø-Ww...- F-∂n-´v- ]-d-b-Ww em-sW-¶n-epw.-
(]-c-a-Im-Wp-In-\pw- I-cp-Wm-\n-[n- 56.- \-_n-() -A-Xn-\p-ti-j-ap-≈- ]m-cm-b-Ww- Nn-e-
bpw). ti-jw- A¬-]w- \n¿-Ø-Ww-.- F-∂n-´v- ]-d-b-Ww.- t∏mƒ- Zo¿-Ln-∏n-°pw.- a-‰p-Nn-et- ∏mƒ,- bm-{X-tbm- Np-atbm-
A-kp-J-tam- Ip-™n-s‚- I-c-®n-tem- Im-c-W-am-bn- A-Xv-
({]-X-n-^-e-Zn-h-k-Øn-s‚- D-Sa-
kv-Y≥).- ti-j- A¬-]w- \n¿-Ø-Ww. C-{]-Im-cw- A-hkm- 10.Rm≥- (A¬-_m-\n)- ]-d-bp-∂p-:- A-Xn-s\- A-\p-Iq-en-°p-∂-h¿-
\w-h-sc- Xp-S-cW-w.- \-_n-()-bp-sS- F-√m- ]m-cm-b-W-hpw-
D-]-tbm-Kn-°p-∂- sX-fn-hp-I-fpw- A-Xn-\p-≈- a-dp-]-Sn-bpw- Rm≥-
"kn¬-kn-eX - p¬- A-lm-Zo-Yp-≈C
- u-^''- (\w- 546,- 547)¬- hn-iZoI-
Cu- cq-]-Øn¬- X-s∂-bm-bn-cp-∂p.- Hm-tcm- B-b-Øn-s‚- cn-®n-´p-≠v.-
\-_n-()-bp-sS- \-a-kv-Im-cw- 28 \-_n-()-bp-sS- \-a-kv-Im-cw- 29

Np-cp-°p-I-bpw- sN-øpw.- °p-w- _p-≤n-ap-´v- t\-cn-Spw.-


57.- hy-Xy-kvX
- - \-ak
- vI
- m-cß
- ƒ-°\ - p-kc- n-®v- ]m-cm-bW- D-d-s°-bpw- ]-Xp-s°-bp-ap-≈- ]m-cm-b-Ww-
hpw- hy-Xym-k-s∏-´n-cp-∂p.- A-ß-s\,- {]-`m-X- \-a-kv-Im-c- 64.- kp-_v-l-n- \-a-kv-°m-cw,- Pp-ap-A- \-a-kv-Im-cw,- c≠v-
Øn-se- ]m-cm-b-Ww- A-©v- \-a-kv-Im-c-ß-fn¬-sh-®v- G‰- s]-cp-∂mƒ- \-a-kv-Im-c-߃,- a-g-°p-th-≠n-bp-≈- \-a-kv-
hpw- ssZ¿-Ly-ta-dn-b-Xm-bn-cp-∂p.- ]n-s∂- fplv¿-,- ]n-s∂- Im-cw,- {K-l-W- \-a-kv-Im-cw,- a-Kvcn-_n-s‚-bpw- C-im-Cs‚-
A-kv-dpw- C-im-bpw-,- ]n-s∂- a-Kv-cn-_v.- bpw- B-Zy-sØ- c-≠v- d-IvA - Ø - p-Iƒ- F-∂n-hb - n¬- D-ds°-
58.- C-h-sb-√m-‰n-t\-°m-fpw- ssZ¿-Ly-ap-≈-Xm-bn-cp-∂p- Hm-XW-w.- fp-lv¿,- Akv¿- \-a-kv-Im-c-ß-fn-epw- a-Kv-cn-_v-
cm-{Xn- \-a-kv-Im-c-Øn-se- (X-l-Pv-Pp-Zn-se)- ]m-cm-b-Ww.- \-a-kv-Im-c-Øn-s‚- aq-∂m-a-sØ- d-Iv-A-Øn-epw- C-im- \a-
59.- H-∂m-as
- Ø- d-IvA- Ø - n-se- ]m-cm-bW- w- c-≠m-at- Ø- kv-Im-c-Øn-s‚- A-h-km-\- c-≠v- dIv-A-Øp-I-fn-epw- ]Xp-
Xn-t\-°mƒ- Zo¿-Ln-∏n-°-em-Wv- \-_n-N-cy.- s°- Hm-XW-w.-
60.- A-h-km-\- c-≠v- d-Iv-A-Øp-I-fn-se- ]m-cm-b-Ww- 65.- ]-Xp-s°-tbm-Xp-∂- \-a-kv-Im-c-ß-fn¬,- Nn-e-t∏mƒ-
B-Zy-c-≠v- dIv-A-Ø-n-t\-°mƒ- Np-cp-°-epw-˛]-Ip-Xn-tbm- P-\-ß-sf- tIƒ∏-n-°p-∂-Xn-\p-th-≠n- H-cm-b-Øv- i-_v-Zap-
f-am-°-epw- (\-_n-N-cy-bm-Wv)-(11)- b¿-Øn Hm-Xp-∂-Xv- A-\p-h-Z-\o-b-am-Wv.-
66.- F-∂m¬- hn-Xv¿- \-a-kv-Im-c-Øn-epw,- cm-{Xn- \-a-kv-
F-√m- dIv-A-Øn-epw- ^m-Xn-l- Hm-X¬-
Im-c-Øn-epw- Nn-e-t∏mƒ- ]-Xp-s°-bpw- a-‰p-Nn-e-t∏mƒ- Dd-
61 F-√m- dIv-A-Øn-epw- ^m-Xn-l- Hm-X¬- \n¿-_-\v-[ s°-bpw- Hm-Xm-hp-∂-Xm-Wv.- F-∂m¬- i-_v-Z-ap-b¿-Øp-∂-
am-Wv.- Xv- H-cp- a-[y-\n-e-bn-em-bn-cn-°-Ww- (A-[n-Iw- D-d-s°-bpw-
62.- Nn-e-t∏mƒ,- A-h-km-\- c-≠v- dIv-A-Øp-I-fn-epw- A-[n-Iw- ]-Xp-s°-bp-a-√m-Ø-\n-e-bn¬).-
A-tXm-sSm-∏w- h-√X - pw- Iq-Sp-Xe
- m-bn- Hm-Xp-∂X - v- \-_nNcy-
Jp¿-B≥- "X-¿-Øo-tem'--Sv- Iq-Sn- Hm-X¬-
bn¬-s]-´-Xm-Wv.-
67.- a-Xv-k-cn-°p-I-tbm- [r-Xn-s∏-Sp-I-tbm- sN-øm-sX,-
63.- \-_n-N-cy-bn¬- h-∂-Xn-t\-°m-f-[n-Iw- C-am-an-\v- ]m-
k-m-h-Im-iw- Hm-X-em-Wv- \-_n-N-cy.- {]-Xyp-X,- Hm-tcm- A-
cm-bW
- w- \o-´m-hX - √
- .- A-ßs - \- sN-øp-∂X - v- aq-ew ]n-∂n¬- £-c-h-pw- hy-Iv-X-am-bn- a-\- n-em-hp-∂- cq-]-Øn-em-bn-cn-
\-a-kv-I-cn-°p-∂- {]m-bm-[n-Iy-ap-≈-h-¿-°pw-- tcm-Kn-Iƒ °pw.- X-s‚- i-_v-Zw-sIm-≠v- Jp¿-B-s\- A-e-¶-cn-°p-I-
°pw- ap-e-bq-t´-≠- kv-{Xo-I-ƒ-°pw- a-‰m-h-iy-ß-fp-≈-h¿- bpw- ]-WU v- n-X∑
- m¿-°n-Sb - n¬- A-dn-bs
- ∏-Sp-∂- X-Ph
v- o-Zns‚-
11.- C-Xn-s‚- hn-i-Z-cq-]w- \n-߃- D-t±-in-°p-∂p-sh-¶n¬- "\-_n()- \n-b-a-ß-f-\p-k-cn-®v- `w-Kn-bm-bn- Hm-Xp-I-bpw- sN-øW-w.-
bp-sS- \-a-kv-Im-cw''- (t]-Pv- 118˛137.- a-e-bm-f- ]-cn-`m-j)- ImWpI.- \q-X\- a-mb
- - Xm-fs- am-∏n-®p-sIm-≠p-≈- co-Xn-bn-epw- cm-KmXv-
\-_n-()-bp-sS- \-a-kv-Im-cw- 30 \-_n-()-bp-sS- \-a-kv-Im-cw- 31

a-I-am-bpw- Hm-Xm-h-X-√.- X-s∂- \n¬-°p∂- hn-[-w.-


C-am-an-s\- Xn-cp-ج- 75.- Xe- Xm-gØv- p-It- bm- (ap-Xp-In-t\-°mƒ- D-bc
- Ø
- n¬)-
68.- C-am-an-\v- ]m-cm-b-W-Øn¬- A-hy-Iv-X-X-bp-≠m-Ip- s]m-°n-∏n-Sn-°p-It-bm- sN-øp-I-b-√-,- {]-Xyp-X,- ap-Xp-In\v-
tºmƒ- ]n-∂n¬- \-ak - vI
- c
- n-°p-∂h
- ¿- A-Xv- Xn-cp-Øn-s°m- k-am-\-am-°p-I-bm-Wv- th-≠-Xv-.-
Sp-t°-≠-Xm-Wv.- 76.- ssI-ap-´p-Iƒ- ]m¿-iz-ß-fn¬-\n-∂pw- A-I‰n-\n¿-
ØW-w.-
dp-Iq-Av-
77.- dp-Iq-C-¬- C-ß-s\- ]-d-bW-w.-
69.- Jp¿-B≥- ]m-cm-b-Ww- ]q¿-Øn-bm-bm¬- A¬-]k- -(a-lm-\m-b- F-s‚- c-£nXmhv- ]-cn-
a-bw- au-\-am-bn- \n¬-°Ww- -˛izm-tkm-Ozm-kw- t\-scbm- ip-≤≥)- F-∂v- aq-∂v- {]m-h-iy-tam- A-Xn-e-[n-Itam(12).-
Im≥- F-Sp-°p-∂-{X- k-a-bw.-
70.- ti-jw,- ap-ºv- hn-hc - n-®- (33,-34,-35) co-Xn-bn¬- XIv_o-
d-Øp¬- C-lv-dm-an¬- sN-bv-X-Xp-t]m-se- ssI-I-fp-b¿- X-s‚- C-cp-ssI-I-fpw- Im¬-ap-´p-I-
ØWw- fn¬- D-d-∏n-®v- sh°W-w.- ssI-hn-c-ep-
Iƒ-sIm-≠v- Im¬-ap-´p-Iƒ- Iq-´n-∏nSn-
71.- X-I_ v- o¿- sNm-√p-Ib - pw- sN-øp-I.- A-Xv- hm-Pn-_mWvv- °p-∂-Xp-t]m-se,--A-h- hn-S¿-Øn-sh-
72.- ti-jw- F-√m- A-kvY - n-If- pw- A-Xn-t‚-Xm-b- kvYm\- °p-Ib - pw- th-Ww-. ap-Xp-Iv- ]-cØ
- n-sh-
Øv - h- c p- ∂ - X p- h - s c- A- S - ß n- \ n- ∂ p- s Im- ≠ v - dp- I q- A v - °p-I-bpw- A-Xv- t\-sc-bm-°p-I-bpw-
sNøW-w.- A-Xv- dp-I-v\m-Wv.- sN-øW-w.-
dp-Iq-C-s‚- c-q-]w-
73.- X-s‚- C-cp-ssI-I-fpw- Im¬-ap-´p-I-fn¬- D-d-∏n-®v- sh
°W-w.- ssI-hn-c-ep-Iƒ-sIm-≠v- Im¬-ap-´p-Iƒ- Iq-´n-∏nSn- dp-Iv-\p-Iƒ- Xp-ey-ssZ¿-Ly-ap-≈-Xm-°¬-
°p-∂-Xp-t]m-se,-- A-h- hn-S¿-Øn-sh-°p-I-bpw- th-Ww-.-
78.- dp-I\
v- p-Iƒ- Xp-ey-ssZ¿Ly-ap-≈X
- m-°¬- \-_n-Ncy-
C-h-sb-√mw- hm-Pn-_-m-Wv.-
bn¬-s]-´-Xm-Wv.- A-Xn-\m¬,- A-h≥- X-s‚- dpIq-Dw,- dpIq-
74.- ap-Xp-Iv- ]-c-Øn-sh-°p-I-bpw- A-Xv- t\-sc-bm-°p-
I-bpw- sN-øW-w.- F-{X-tØmf-sa-∂m¬,- A-Xn-t∑¬- sh 12.- Cu- dp-Iv\- n¬- th-sd-bpw- {]m¿-∞\ - I-fp-≠v.- A-hb
- n¬,- \o-≠Xpw-
a-[y-a- \n-e-bn-ep-≈-Xpw- sN-dp-Xpw D-≠v.- ""\-_n-bp-sS- \-a-kv-Im
≈w- H-gn-®m¬,- (B- sh-≈w- H-gp-In-t∏m-Im-sX)- A-hn-sS- cw-'-'- (t]-Pv 144˛146 a-e-bm-f- ]-cn-`m-j)- ]-cn-tim-[n-°p-I.-
\-_n-()-bp-sS- \-a-kv-Im-cw- 32 \-_n-()-bp-sS- \-a-kv-Im-cw- 33

C-\v- ti-j-ap-≈- \ndp-Ø-hpw,- kp-Pq-Zpw- c-≠v- kp-Pq-ZpIƒ- C-am-an-\v- ]n-∂n¬- \-a-kv-I-cn-°p-∂-h-\m-bm-epw.-(14)- Im-c-
°n-Sb - n-ep-≈- C-cp-Øh
- pw- G-It- Z-iw- Xp-ey-ssZ¿-Ly-ap≈- Ww,- A-Xv- Cu- \ndp-Ø-Øn¬- ]-d-bm≥- th-≠n-bp-≈Xm-
Xm-°-Ww.- Wv.- F-∂m¬- F-∂X- v- dp-Iq-C¬-\n-∂pw-
79.- dp-Iq-C-epw- kp-Pq-Zn-epw- Jp¿B≥- Hm-Xm≥- ]m-Sp- \n-h-cp-tºmƒ- ]-d-bm-\p≈-Xm-Wv-
≈-X-√.- 85.- ap-ºv- ]-d-™-Xp-t]m-se,- Cu- \n-dp-Ø-hpw- dp-IqDw-
dp-IqC¬- \n-∂pw- \n-h¿-∂v- \n¬-°¬- Xp-ey-ssZ¿-Ly-ap-≈-Xm-t°≠-Xm-Wv-.-
80.- ti-jw- dp-Iq-C-¬-\n-∂pw- ap-Xp-Iv- D-b¿-Øn- t\-sc- 86.- ti-jw- A-h≥. (A-√m-lp-hm-Wv- G‰hpw-
\n-h¿-∂v- \n¬-°-Ww.- C-Xv- H-cp- dp-Iv-\-m-Wv. h-en-b-h≥)- F-∂v- ]-d-bW-w.- C-Xv- hm-Pn-_-mWv.-
81.- t\-sc- \nh¿-∂v- \n¬-°p-∂- A-h-k-c-Øn¬- C-ß- 87.- Nn-e-t∏mƒ,- ssI-Iƒ- D-b¿-Øp-I-bpw- sN-øm-w.-
s\- ]-d-b-Ww-:-
(A-√m-lp-hn-s\- kv-Xp-Xn-®-hs‚-
dp-Iq-C-¬-\n-∂pw- ap-Xp-Iv- D-b¿-Øn-
kv-Xp-Xn- A-h≥- tI-´p)- C-Xv- hm-Pn-_-m-Wv.- t\sc- \n-h¿-∂v- \n¬-°-Ww. ssI-∏-
82.- t\-sc- \n-h¿-∂p- \n¬-°p-tºmƒ (C-Av-X-n-Zm-en¬)- S-߃- N-p-a-epIƒ-°v- t\-sc-bm-Ip-
t\-c-sØ- hn-h-cn-®-Xp-t]m-se- (33,-34,-35)- ssI-I-fp-b¿-Ø- ∂Xv- hsc- D-b¿-ØW-w.-
Ww.-
83.- ti-jw,- F-√m- A-kv-Yn-I-fpw- ]q¿-Δ- kv-Yn-Xn-bnte-
°v- h-cp-∂-hn-[w- t\-sc- \n-h¿-∂v- A-S-ßn- \n¬-°-Ww.-
84.- Cu- \n- d p- Ø - Ø n¬- C- ß - s \- ]- d - b - W w- : -
(R-ß-fp-sS- c-£n-Xm-th-!- k¿-Δ-kv-
Xp-Xn-bpw- \n-\-°-s{X)-(13).-
\-a-kv-I-cn-°p-∂- F-√m-h¿-°pw- C-Xv- \n¿-_-\v-[-am-Wv.-

13.- C-hn-sS-bpw- sNm-√m-hp-∂- th-sd- {]m¿-∞-\-I-fp-≠v.- ""\-_n-() 14.- H-cp- dn-t∏m¿-´n-epw- h-∂n-´n-√m-Ø-Xp-Im-c-Ww,- Cu- \ndp-Ø-Øn¬-
bpsS- \-a-kv-Im-cw-''- (t]--Pv 148˛152 a-e-bm-f- ]-cn-`m-j-)- ]-cn-tim[n- ssI-sI-´m≥- ]m-Sn-√.- Iq-Sp-X¬- hn-i-Z-am-b- N¿-®-°- v- ""\-_n-bpsS-
°p-I.- \-a-kv-Im-cw''-- (t]-Pv 153 a-e-bm-f- ]-cn-`m-j)- Im-Wp-I.-
\-_n-()-bp-sS- \-a-kv-Im-cw- 34 \-_n-()-bp-sS- \-a-kv-Im-cw- 35

kp-Pq-Zv- 98.- A-h- Ip-Øn-\n¿-Øp-I-bpw- th-W-w.- C-h-sb-√mw-


hm-Pn-_m-Wv.-
ssI-Iƒ-sh-®p-sIm-≠v- kp-Pq-Zn-te-°v- t]m-I¬-
99.- Im¬-hn-c-ep-I-fp-sS- A-‰ßƒ- Jn-_v-e-°v- A-`n-apJ-
88.- ]n-∂o-Sv-,- Im¬-ap-´p-Iƒ-°v- ap-ºm-bn- ssI-Iƒ- \ne-
am-°n-sh-°W-w.-
Øp-sh-®v- sIm-≠v- kp-Pq-Zn-te-°v- t]m-IW-w.- C-Xm-Wv-
A-√m-lp-hn-s‚- ZqX≥-() -I¬-]n-®-Xv.- C-Xv- X-s∂-bmWv- 100.- a-S-ºp-Iƒ- tN¿-Øp-sh-°p-I-bpw- th-Ww.--
A-hn-Sp-sØ- {]-hr-Øn-bn-eq-sS- kv-Yn-c-s∏-´-Xpw.- H-´-Iw
ap-´v- Ip-Øp-∂- cq-]-Øn¬- ap-´v- Ip-Øp-∂-Xn-s\- A-hn-Sp∂v-
hn-tcm-[n-°p-Ib - pw- sN-bvX
- p.- H-´I
- a
- m-Is
- ´,- A-Xn-s‚- Im¬-
ap-´p-I-fm-Wv-˛A-Xv- A-Xn-s‚- ap≥-Im-ep-I-fn-em-Wp-≈-Xv-˛
B-Zyw- sh-°p-∂-Xv.-
89.- kp-Pq-Zv- sN-øp-tºmƒ-˛A-Xv- H-cp- dp-Iv-\m-Wv-˛ D≈w-
ssI-Iƒ- \n-e-Øp-sh-°W-w.- A-h- c-≠pw- \n-h¿-Øn-sh-
°p-I-bpw- th-W-w.-
90.- ssI-hn-c-ep-Iƒ- tN¿-Øp-]n-Sn-°p-I-bpw- sN-øWw.- kp-Pq-Zn¬- t\-sc- \n¬-°¬-
91.- A-h- Izn-_v-e-°v- A-`n-ap-J-am-bn- sh-°-Ww-.- 101.- kp-Pq-Zn¬- A-S-ßn- \n¬°¬-- \n¿-_-\v-[-am-Wv-.-
92.- A-h-sb- (ssI-∏-Øn-I-sf)- Np-a-en-\v- t\-sc-bm°p kp-Pq-Zv- sN-øp-tºmƒ- X-d-bn¬- kv-]¿-in-°p-∂- ap-gp-h≥-
I-bpw- th-W-w.- ico-c- `m-K-ß-sf-bpw- H-cp-t]m-se- B-{i-bn-°p-tºm-gm-Wv-
CXv- km-[y-am-Ip-∂-Xv.- A-h-:- s\-‰n-bpw- aq-°pw-˛H-∂m-bn,-
93.- Nn-e-t∏mƒ,- sN-hn-Iƒ-°v- t\-sc-bpw- B-°m-w.-
c-≠v- ssI-Iƒ,- c-≠v- Im¬-ap-´p-Iƒ,- c-≠v- Im¬-hn-ce - pIƒ.-
94.- ssI-ap-´p-Iƒ- X-d-bn¬-\n-∂pw- D-b¿-Øn-sh-°-Ww.-
102.- C-{]-Im-cw- X-s‚- kp-Pq-Zn¬- B-cv- A-Sß
- n- \n¬°p-
C-Xv- hm-Pn-_m-Wv.- \m-b- ssI-Iƒ- ]-c-Øn-sh-°p-∂-Xv-
∂p-thm,- A-h≥- Xo¿-®-bm-bpw- Ir-Xy-am-b- -\n¬-°¬-
t]mse- ]-c-Øn-sh-°m-h-X-√.-
(Xpa-Av-\o-\-Øv)- {]m-]n-®p.- kp-Pq-Zn-se- A-S-ßn- \n-¬-
95.- aq-°pw- s\-‰n-bpw- \n-e-Øv- D-d-∏n-®v- sh-°-W-w.- CXv- °epw- dp-Iv-\m-Wv.-
H-cp- dp-Iv-\m-Wv.-
103.- A-Xn¬- A-h≥- ]-d-b-Ww:-
96.- Im¬-ap-´p-I-fpw- D-d-∏n-®v- \ndp--ØW-w.-
97.- A-{]-Im-c-w-X-s∂- Im¬-hn-c¬-Ø-e-∏p-I-fpw. (A-Xyp-∂-X-\m-b- F-s‚- c£n-Xm-
\-_n-()-bp-sS- \-a-kv-Im-cw- 36 \-_n-()-bp-sS- \-a-kv-Im-cw- 37

hv- ]-cn-ip-≤≥).- aq-∂v- X-hW - t- bm- A-Xn¬- IqSp-Xtem(15).- 114.- Nn-e-t∏mƒ,- a-S-ºn-t∑-epw- C-cn-°m-hp-∂-Xm-Wv- (C-
104.- kp-Pq-Zn-em-bn-cn-°p-tºmƒ,- {]m¿-∞\ - - h¿-[n-∏n°p- JvB
- A - v),- A-Xm-bX
- v,- C-cp-Im¬-]m-Zß
- f - pw- Ip-Øn-\n¿Øn-
∂-Xv- \-√-Xm-Wv.- Im-c-Ww,- A-Xv- D-Ø-cw- sN-ø-s∏-Sm≥- b-ti-jw,- Im¬-]m-Zß - f - psS- sh-≈b - n-epw- a-Sº- n-t∑-epam-
km-[y-X-bp-≈-X-m-Wv.- bn- C-cn-°-em-Wv.-
105 kp-Pq-Z˛v- ap-ºv- ]-d™
- X
- p-t]m-se-˛dp-Iq-Ct- \mSv- GI 115.- Cu- C-cp-Ø-Øn¬- C-ß-s\- ]-d-bW-w.-
t-Z-iw- X-p-e-y- ssZ¿-Ly-ap-≈-Xm-°W-w.-
106.- \n-eØ
- pw- \n-eØ - phn-cn-®- Xp-Wn-bn-epw- hn-cn-∏nt∑-
epw- ]m-bb - n-epw- A-Xp-t]m-ep-≈h - b
- n-epw- kp-Pq-Zv- sNø¬-
A-\p-h-Z-\o-b-am-Wv-.- - (A-√m-lp-th- F-\n-°v- \o- s]m-dp-Øv- X-cn-I-bpw- F-
t∂m-Sv- I-cp-W- Im-Wn-°p-I-bpw- F-s‚- \yq-\-X-Iƒ- ]-cn-
107.- kp-Pq-Zn-em-bn-cn-s°- Jp¿-B≥- Hm-Xm≥- ]m-Sp-≈X√.-
l-cn-®p-X-cn-I-bpw,- F-s∂- D-b¿-Øp-I-bpw- F-\n-°v- ]m]-
c-≠v- kp-Pq-Zp-Iƒ-°n-S-bn-ep-≈- tam-N-\w- \¬-Ip-I-bpw- F-\n-°v- B-lm-cw- \¬-Ip-I-bpw-
"C-^v-Xn-dm-ipw'- "C-Jv-B'-Dw- sN-tø-W-ta).-
108.- ti-jw- X-I_ -v o¿- sNm-√n-s°m-≠-v X-eb - p-b¿ØWw.- 116.- th-W-sa-¶n¬- C-ß-s\-bpw- ]-d-bmw-:-
C-Xv- hm-Pn-_m-Wv.- (F-s‚- c-£n-Xm-th,- F\n°v-
109.- Nn-e-t∏mƒ,- ssI-Iƒ- D-b¿-Øp-I-bpw- sN-øm-w.- s]m-dp-Øv- X-tc-Wt- a,- F-s‚- c-£n-Xm-th,- F-\n-°v- s]mdp-
110.- ]n-s∂- A-kv-Y-n-I-sf-√mw- A-Xn-t‚-Xm-b- kv-Ym\w- Øv- X-tc-W-ta)-
kzo-Ic - n°p-∂X - p-hs - c- A-Sß
- n-bn-cn-°W-w.- C-X-v dp-I\v mWv.- 117.- Cu- C-cp-Øhp-w- G-It- Z-iw- kp-Pq-Zn-t\m-fw- Zo¿Ln-
111.- C-SX
- p-Im¬- \n-eØ - p-hn-cn-®v- A-Xn-t∑¬- C-cn- °
- Ww- ∏n-°W-w.-
(C-^v-Xn-dm-iv)-.- C-Xv- hm-Pn-_-m-Wv.-
112.- h-e-Xp-Im¬- Ip-Øn-\n¿-ØpI-bpw- th-Ww-.-
113.- Im¬-hn-c-ep-Iƒ- Izn-_v-e-°v- A-`n-ap-J-am-bn- sh°-
W-w.-

15.- CXn¬- th-sd-bpw- {]m¿-∞-\-I-fp≠v- ""\-_n-()-bp-sS- \-a-kvIm


cw''-- (t]-Pv- 160˛163- a-e-bm-f- ]-cn-`m-j)- Im-Wp-I.-
\-_n-()-bp-sS- \-a-kv-Im-cw- 38 \-_n-()-bp-sS- \-a-kv-Im-cw- 39

c-≠m-a-sØ- kp-Pq-Zv- 128.- C-Xv- H-∂m-a-sØ- d-Iv-A-Øn-t\-°mƒ- Np-cp-°pI


118.- ]n-s∂,- X-Iv-_o¿- sNm-√W-w.- bpw- th-Ww.-
119.- Cu- X-Iv-_o-dn-t\m-sSm-∏w,- Nn-e-∏mƒ,- ssI-Iƒ- X-i-lv-lp-Zn-s‚- C-cp-Øw-
D-b¿-Øm-hp-∂-Xm-Wv-.- 129. c-≠m-a-sØ- d-Iv-A-Øn¬-\n-∂v- hn-c-an-®-ti-jw-
120.- c-≠m-a-sØ- kp-Pq-Zv- sN-øW-w.- C-Xpw- H-cp- dp-Iv- Xi-lv-lp-Zn-\m-bn- C-cn-°W-w.- C-Xv- hm-Pn-_m-Wv.-
\m-Wv.- 130.- ap-ºv- ]-d-™-Xp-t]m-se,- c-≠v- kp-Pq-Zp-Iƒ-°nSbn-
121.- H-∂m-a-sØ- kp-Pq-Zn¬- sN-bv-X-Xp-t]m-se-X-s∂- ep-≈ "C-^v-Xn-dm-in'-s‚-- C-cp-Øw- Cc-n-°W-w-.-
C-Xn-epw- sN-øW-w.- 131.- F-∂m¬- C-hn-sS- "C-Jv-B-Av'- A-\p-h-Z-\o-b-a-√.-
C-kv-X-n-dm-l-Øn-s‚- C-cp-Øw- 132.- h-e-Xp-ssI- h-e-Xp- Xp-S-bn-epw- Im¬-ap-´n-ep-ambn-
122.- c-≠m-a-sØ- kp-P-q-Zn¬- \n-∂pw- X-e-bp-b¿-ØpI sh-°W-w-.- h-e-Xp-ssI- ap-´n-s‚- A-‰w- A-I-‰n-sh-°m-sX-
bpw,- c-≠m-as - Ø- d-IvA - Ø - n-\m-bn- F-gp-t∂¬-°m-\p-t±in- Xp-S-bn¬- sh-°p-I-bpw- th-Ww-.-
°p-I-bpw- sN-bv-Xm¬- X-Iv-_o¿- sNm-√W-w.- C-Xv- hm-Pn 133.- C-S-Xp-ssI- C-S-Xp-Im-en-s‚- Xp-S-bn-epw- Im¬-ap´n-
_m-Wv.- ep-am-bn- ]-c-Øn-sh-°W-w.-
123.- N-n-e-t∏mƒ,- ssI-Iƒ- D-b¿-Øp-I-bpw- B-Imw-.- 134.- I-øn-t∑¬- Du-∂n-s°m-≠v- C-cn-°p-∂-Xv- A-\phZ-
124.- F-gp-t∂¬-°p-∂-Xn-\v- ap-ºm-bn, F-√m- A-kv-YnI- \o-b-a-√.- hn-in-jy- C-S-Xp-ssI-bnt∑¬-.-
fpw- ]q¿-Δk - vY - n-Xn-bn-te-°v- Xn-cn-®v- h-cp-∂hn-[w-- C-SX- pIm- hn-c-¬- N-en-∏n-°-epw- A-Xn-te-°v- t\m-°-epw-
en-t∑¬- im-¥-am-bn- t\-sc- \n-h¿-∂n-cn-°pw.- 135.- h-e-Xp-I-øn-se- hn-c-ep-I-sf-√mw- Np-cp-´n-∏n-Sn-°pI-
c-≠m-a-sØ- d-Iv-A-Øv- bpw,- X-≈-hn-c¬- \-Sp-hn-c-en-t∑¬- sh-°p-I-bpw- sNømw.-
125.- am-hv- Ip-g-°p-∂-bmƒ-- Np-cp-´n-∏n-Sn-°p-∂-Xp-t]m-se- 136.- a-‰p-Nn-e-t∏mƒ- Cu- c-≠v- hn-c-ep-I-fpw- hr-Øm-Ir-
c-≠v- ssI-If - pw- Np-cp-´n-∏n-Sn-®v- \n-eØ
- v- Du-∂n- c-≠m-asØ- Xn-bn¬- sh-°pbpam-hm-w.-
d-Iv-A-Øn-\m-bn- F-gp-t∂¬-°W-w.-- A-Xv- H-cp- dp-I-v\mWv.- 137.- Nq-≠p-hn-c¬- Jn-_v-e-°v- t\-sc- Nq-≠W-w.-
126.- H-∂m-a-sØ- d-Iv-A-Øn¬- sN-bv-X-Xv- t]m-se- CXn- 138.- A-Xn-te-°v- t\m-°p-I-bpw- th-W-w.-
epw- sN-øW-w.- 139.- X-i-lv-lp-Zn-s‚- B-Zym-h-km-\w- A-Xv- N-en-∏n-®v-
127.- C-Xn¬,- {]m-cw-`-{]m-¿-∞-\- sNm-t√≠-Xn-√- F∂p- sIm-≠n-cn-°p-I-bpw,- A-Xp-sIm-≠v- {]m¿-∞n-°p-I-bpw-
am-{Xw.- thWw-.-
\-_n-()-bp-sS- \-a-kv-Im-cw- 40 \-_n-()-bp-sS- \-a-kv-Im-cw- 41

140.- \-_n-()- X-s‚- C-S-Xp-ssI-bn-se- hn-c¬-sIm-≠v- \-_n-bp-sS-ta¬-(16)- k-am-[m-\-hpw,- Zn-hy-Im-cp-Wy-hpw- ssZ-


Nq-≠n-bn-cp-∂n-√.- hn-Im-\p-{K-lß - f
- pw- e-`n-°p-am-dm-Is
- ´.- \-ap-°pw- \-√hcm-
141.- ap-gp-h≥- X-i-lv-lp-Zn-epw- C-sX-√mw- sN-øW-w.- b- A-√m-lp-hn-s‚- F-√m- A-Sn-aI - ƒ-°pw- k-am-[m-\a - p≠m-
bn-cn°-s´.- A-√m-lp-h-√m-sX- B-cm-[-\-°¿-l-\m-bn- B-
X-i-lv-lp-Zn-s‚- cq-]-hpw- cpw-Xs
- ∂-bn-s√-∂v- Rm≥- km-£y-s∏-Sp-Øp-∂p.- ap-lΩ - Zv-
A-Xn-\v- ti-j-ap-≈- {]m¿-∞-\-bpw- A-h-s‚- Zq-X-\pw- A-Sn-a-bp-am-sW-∂v- Rm≥- km-£ys∏-
142.- X-i-lv-lp-Zv- hm-Pn-_-m-Wv.- C-Xv- a-d-∂p-t]m-bm¬- Sp-Øp-∂p)-(17).-
a-d-hn-bp-sS- c-≠v- kpPqZv- sN-ø-Ww.- 145.- A-Xn-\p-ti-jw- \-_n-()-bp-sS- ta¬- kz-em-Øv-
143.- A-Xv- ]-Xp-s°- Hm-X-Ww.- sNm-√n-s°m-≠v- ]-d-bp-I-:-
144.- A-Xn-s‚- cq-]w

(F-√m- A-`n-hm-Zy-ß-fpw- A-√m-lp-hn\p-≈-Xm-Wv.- B-


cm-[-\-I-fpw- hn-in-jv-S-am-b-h-bpw,- A-√m-lp-hn-\v- X-s∂-.- (A-√m-lp-th-! ap-lΩ
- Z- n-\pw- ap-lΩ
- Z- n-s‚- Ip-Spw-_Ø
- n-
\pw- \o- Kp-Ww- sN-tø-W-ta-!- C-{_m-lo-an-\pw- C-{_mlo-
an-s‚- Ip-Spw-_-Øn-\pw- \o- Kp-Ww- sN-bv-X-Xp-t]m-se.-
\o- kv-Xp-Xy¿-l-\pw- a-lm-\p-a-s{X.- A-√m-lp-th-!- ap-l-
h-e-Xp-I-øn-se- hn-c-ep-I-sf-√mw- Np-cp- 16.- {]-hm-N-I-(-)-s‚- a-c-W-ti-jw- ]-d-bm≥- A-\p-im-kn-°-s∏-´Xm-
´n-∏n-Sn-°pI-bpw,- X-≈-hn-c¬- \-Sp-hn- Wn-Xv.- Cu- hm-N-Iw,- C-_v-\p- a-kv-Du-Zv,- B-bn-i,- C-_v-\p- p
c-en-t∑¬- sh-°p-I-bpw- Nq-≠p-hn-c¬- ss_¿,- C-_v\ - p- A-∫m-kv- ()- F-∂n-hc - p-sS- X-il
- vl
- p-Zn¬- kvYn
Jn-_v-e-°v- t\-sc- Nq-≠W-w.- c-s∏-´-Xm-Wv.- A-Xn-s‚- hn-i-Zo-I-c-Ww- B-{K-ln-°p-∂-h¿- F-s‚-
{K-\v-Y-am-b- ""\-_n-bp-sS- \-a-kv-Im-cw''- (t]-Pv 178˛202 a-e-bm-f-
]-cn-`m-j)- ]-cn-tim-[n-°p-I.-
17.- kv-Yn-c-s∏-´- a-‰v- cq-]-߃- ap-ºv- ]-d-™- Fs‚- {K-\v-Y-Øn-ep≠v.-
(t]-Pv 180˛202 a-eb - m-f- ]-cn-`m-j)- .- C-hn-sS- ]-cm-a¿-in-®X
- v- G‰hpw-
kz-lo-lm-b-Xm-Wv.-
\-_n-()-bp-sS- \-a-kv-Im-cw- 42 \-_n-()-bp-sS- \-a-kv-Im-cw- 43

Ω-Zn-s\-bpw- ap-l-Ω-Zn-s‚- Ip-Spw-_-sØ-bpw- \o- A-\p-{K- 150.- ti-jw,- aq-∂m-a-sØ- d-Iv-A-Øn-\m-bn- F-gp-t∂¬-
ln-t°-W-ta-!- C-{_m-lo-an-s\-bpw- C-{_m-lo-an-s‚- Ip-Spw- °W-w.- C-Xv- C-Xn-\p-ti-jw- h-cp-∂-Xp-t]m-se,- H-cp- dpIv-
_-sØ-bpw- \o- A-\p-{K-ln-®-Xp-t]m-se.- \o- kv-Xp-Xy-¿- \m-Wv.-
l-\pw- a-lm-\p-a-s{X!-)- 151.- \m-em-as- Ø- d-IvA- Ø - n-\m-bn- F-gp-t∂¬-°m-\pt±-
146.- Np-cp-°-cq-]w- D-t±-in-°p-I-bm-sW-¶n¬- C-ß-s\- in-®m¬- C-{]-Im-cw- X-s∂- sNø-W-w.-
]-d-bp-I-:- 152.- F-∂m¬,- F-gp-t∂¬-°p-∂-Xn-\p-- ap-ºv- A-kv-YnI-
sf-√mw- A-Xn-t‚-Xm-b- kv-Ym-\-Øv- a-S-ßn-h-cp-∂- hn-[w-,-
im-¥-am-bn- C-SXp-Im-en-t∑¬- t\-sc- C-cn-°W-w.-
153.- ]n-s∂,- c-≠m-a-sØ- d-Iv-A-Øn-\m-bn- F-gp-t∂¬-
°p-tºmƒ- sN-bv-X-Xp-t]m-se,- C-cp-ssI-I-fn-epw- Du-∂n-
s°m-≠v- F-gp-t∂¬-°W-w.-
(A-√m-lp-th-!- ap-lΩ- Z- n-\pw- ap-lΩ
- Z- n-s‚- Ip-Spw-_Ø - n- 154.- ti-jw,- aq-∂m-a-sØ-bpw- \m-em-a-sØ-bpw- d-Iv-A-
\pw- \o- Kp-Ww- sN-tø-W-ta-!- ap-l-Ω-Zn-s\-bpw- ap-l-Ω-Zn- Øp-I-fn-tem-tcm-∂n-epw- kq-d-Øp¬- ^m-Xn-l- Hm-XW-w-.-
s‚- Ip-Spw-_s - Ø-bpw- \o- A-\p-{K-ln-°W - t- a.- C-{_mlo- C-Xv- hm-Pn-_-m-Wv.-
an-\pw- C-{_m-lo-an-s‚- Ip-Spw-_-Øn-\pw- \o- Kp-Ww- sNbv- 155.- Nn-et- ∏mƒ,- H-cm-bt- Øm- A-Xn-e[ - n-It- am- ^m-Xnl-
X-Xp-t]m-se-bpw.- \o- A-\p-{K-lw- sN-bv-X-Xv- t]m-se-bpw.- tbm-Sv- A-\p-_-‘-am-bn- Hm-Xm-hp-∂-Xm-Wv.-
\o- kv-Xp-Xy-¿-l-\pw- a-lm-\p-a-s{X!).-
B-]¬-L-´-ß-fn-se- Jp-\q-Øpw-
147.- ]n-s∂,- \-_n-bn¬- \n-∂pw D-≤c - n-°s - ∏Sp-∂-- - {]m¿- A-Xn-s‚- kv-Ym-\-hpw-
∞-\-I-f-n¬-\n-∂pw- X-\n-°n-jv-S-s∏-´Xv- sX-c-s™-Sp-Øv-
156.- ap-kv-enw-Iƒ-°v- _m-[n-®- B-]-Øv- Im-c-W-am-bn-
Cu- X-i-lv-lp-Zn¬-,- A-Xv- ap-tJ-\- A-√m-lp-thm-Sv- {]m¿-
Jp-\q-Øv- \n¿-h-ln-°p-I-bpw- A-h¿-°v- th-≠n- {]m¿-∞n-
∞n-°m-hp-∂-Xm-Wv-.-
°p-I-bpw- sN-øp-∂-Xv- kp-∂-Øm-Wv.-
aq-∂m-a-sØ-bpw- \m-em-a-sØ-bpw- d-Iv-A-Øv- 157.- Cu- Jp-\q-Øn-s‚- ÿm-\w- dp-Iq-Av- I-gn-™v-
148.- ]n-s∂,- hm-Pn-_m-b- X-Iv-_o¿- sNm-√W-w.- C-cp∂p- (R-ß-fp-sS- \m-Ym-!- \n-\-°v- X-s∂bm-Ip-
sIm-≠v- X-s∂- X-Iv-_o¿- sNm-√p-∂-Xm-Wv- \-_n-N-cy.- ∂p- kv-Xp-Xn)- F-∂v- ]-d-™- ti-j-a-m-Wv-.-
149.- \-_n- ()- Nn-et- ∏mƒ,- X-s‚- ssI-Iƒ- D-b¿-Øpw.- 158.- kv-Yn-c-am-b- H-cp- {]m¿-∞-\- A-Xn-\n-√.- {]-Xyp-X,-
\-_n-()-bp-sS- \-a-kv-Im-cw- 44 \-_n-()-bp-sS- \-a-kv-Im-cw- 45

B- B-]Ø - n-t\m-Sv- tbm-Pn-®- co-Xn-bn¬- {]m¿-∞n-°p-Ibm- In-b-h-tcm-sSm-∏w- F-s∂- \o- ku-Jy-Øn-em-t°-W-ta-;-


Wv- th-≠-Xv.- \o- _-\v-[w- tN¿-Ø-h-tcm-sSm-∏w- F-s∂-bpw- \o- tN¿°-
159.- Cu- {]m¿-∞-\-bn¬- C-cp-ssI-I-fpw- D-b¿-ØWw.- W-ta-;- \o- \¬-In-b-Xn¬- F-\n-°v- \o- A-\p-K-lw- sNtø-
160.- C-am-am-sW-¶n¬- D-d-s°- {]m¿-∞n-°W-w.- W-ta-;- \o- hn-[n-®-Xn-s‚- Xn-∑-bn¬-\n-∂pw- F-s∂- \o- c
£-s∏-Sp-tØ-W-ta-;- F-s¥-∂m¬- \o- hn-[n-°p-∂p-,- \n-\-
161.- ]n-∂n-ep-≈-h¿- A-Xn-\v- "B-ao≥'- ]-d-bp-I-bpw-
s°-Xn-cm-bn- hn-[n-°m≥- B-cp-an-√-;- \o- _-‘w- ÿm-]n-
thW-w.-
®-h-s\- \n-μn-°m≥- B-cp-an-√-X-∂.- \o- i-{Xp-hm-°n-b-h-
162.- A-Xn¬-\n-∂pw- hn-c-an-®m¬,- X-Iv-_o¿- sNm-√p-I- s\- {]-Xm-]n-bm-°m-\p-am-cp-an-√.- R-ß-fp-sS- \m-Ym-!- \o-
bpw- kp-Pq-Zv- \n¿-h-ln-°p-I-bpw- th-W-w.- A-\p-{K-lo-X\ - pw- D-∂X - \
- p-am-Wv.- \n-∂n¬-\n-∂p-≈- c-£m-
hn-Xv-dn-se- Jp-\q-Xv- ˛- A-Xn-s‚- kv-Ym-\-hpw- cq-]-hpw- am¿-Kw- \o-b-√m-sX-H-∂p-an-√).-
163.- hn-Xv-dn-ep-≈- Jp-\q-Xv- \-_n-()- Nn-e-t∏mƒ- am{X- 166.- Cu- {]m¿-∞-\- A-√m-lp-hn-s‚- d-kq¬-()- ]-Tn-
sa- \n¿-h-ln-®n-cp-∂p-≈q.- ∏n-®p-X-∂-Xn¬- s]-´-Xm-Wv.- C-Xn-t\-°mƒ- A-hn-Sp-∂v-
164.- B-]¬-L-´-ß-fn-ep-≈- Jp-\q-Xn-\v- hn-cp-≤-am-bn- A[n-I-cn-∏n-®n-´n-√-˛\-_n-()-bp-sS- t]-cn-ep-≈- kz-em-Ø-
dp-Iq-C-s‚- ap-ºm-Wv- A-Xn-s‚- kv-Ym-\w.- √m-sX.-- kz-l-m-_n-I-fn¬-()-\n-∂pw- C-Xv- (kz-em-Øv)-
kvYn-c-s∏-´p-h-∂Xn-\m¬- A-Xv- A-\p-h-Z-\o-b-am-Wv.-
165.- Xm-sg- h-cp-∂- {]m¿-∞-\- A-Xn¬- sNm-√m-w:-
167.- ]n-s∂,- dp-Iq-Dw- c-≠v- kp-Pq-Zp-I-fpw- ap-ºv- ]-d™-
Xp-t]m-se sN-ø-Ww.-
A-h-km-\-sØ- X-i-lv-lp-Zpw- "X-h¿-dp-Ipw'-
168.- ]n-∂o-Sv- A-h-km-\- X-i-lv-lp-Zn-\v- th-≠n- C-cn°
W-w.- C-h-c-≠pw- hm-Pn-_-m-Wv.-
169.- B-Zy- X-i-lv-lp-Zn¬- sN-bv-X-Xv-X-s∂- C-Xn-epw-
sN-øW-w.-
170.- C-SX
- v- ]r-jvS- w- \n-eØ
- p-sh-®v- C-cp-Im-ep-If
- pw- Htc-
h-i-tØ-°v- (h-e-Xp-`m-K-tØ-°v)- B-°n C-S-Xp-Im¬-]m-
(A-√m-lp-th-! \o- t\¿-am¿-KØ- n-em°n-bh - t- cm-sSm-∏w- Zw- h-e-Xp-I-W-¶m-en-s‚- A-Sn-bn¬-sh-®p-sIm-≠v- "X-h¿-
F-s∂- \o- t\¿-am- ¿-KØ
- n-em-t°-Wt- a-;- \o- ku-Jyw- \¬- dp-Iv'- cq-]-Øn¬- C-cn-°pw- F-∂-p-am-{Xw-.-
\-_n-()-bp-sS- \-a-kv-Im-cw- 46 \-_n-()-bp-sS- \-a-kv-Im-cw- 47

171.- h-e-Xp-Im¬- Ip-Øn-\n¿-Øp-I-bpw- th-W-w.- ∏-ß-fn-¬-\n-∂pw- a-ko-lv- Z-Pv-Pm-en-s‚- Ip-g-∏-ß-fn¬-\n-


172.- Nn-e-t∏mƒ,- A-Xv- ]-c-Øn-sh-°p-∂-Xpw- A-\p-hZ- ∂pw- \n-t∂m-Sv- Rm≥- c-£-tX-Sp-∂p)(18).-
\o-b-am-Wv.- k-emw- ho-´p-∂-Xn-\v- ap-ºp-≈- {]m¿-∞-\-
173.- C-S-Xp-ssI-∏-Sw-sIm-≠v- C-S-Xp-Im¬- ap-´n-s\- apgp- 176.- ]n-s∂- Jp¿-B-\n-epw- kp-∂-Øn-epw- kv-Yn-c-s∏´,-
h-\m-bn- s]m-Xn-bW-w.- A-Xn-t∑¬- Du-∂p-I-bpw- th-Ww.- X-\n-°v- ku-I-cy-s∏-Sp-∂- GXv- - {]m¿-∞-\bpw- {]m¿-∞n-
°m-w-˛A-Xv- h-f-sc- Iq-Sp-X-ep-≠v.- A-Xn-ep-≈-sXm-∂pw-
Ah-≥- kzm-b-Ø-am-°n-bn-´n-s√-¶n¬- A-h-s‚- Zo≥-Im-cy-
Øn-epw- C-lt- em-IØ - n-epw- D-]I
- m-cs
- ]-Sp-∂- F-fp-∏a
- p≈-
{]m¿-∞-\-Iƒ- {]m¿-∞n-°m-hp-∂-Xm-Wv.-
k-emw- ho-´-epw- A-Xn-s‚- C-\-ß-fpw-
177.- ]n-∂o-Sv,- X-s‚- h-eX
- p-`m-Kt- Ø-°v- k-emw- ho´Ww
˛- A-Xv- H-cp- dp-Iv-\m-Wv˛ X-s‚- h-e-Xp-I-hn-fn-s‚- sh-fp-∏v-
\-_n-()-bp-sS- ta¬- kz-em-Øv- sNm-√p-∂-Xn-s‚-bpw-
Im-Wp-thm-fw- (Xn-cn-bW-w).-
\m-ev- Im-cy-ß-fn¬-\n-∂pw- c-£-tX-Sp-∂-Xn-s‚-bpw-
A-\n-hm-cy-X- 178.- C-S-Xv- I-hn-fn-s‚- sh-f-p-∏v- Im-Wp-thm-fw- C-S-Xp-
`m-K-tØ-°pw- (Xn-cn-bW-w)-.- a-øn-Øv- \-a-kv-Im-c-Ønem
174.- Cu- X-i-lv-lp-Zn¬- \-_n-()-bp-sS- ta¬- kze-m-
Øv- sNm-√¬- hm-Pn-_m- W - v.- A-Xn-s‚- Nn-e- cq-]ß- ƒ- H∂m- sW-¶n-epw C-{]-Im-c-w- sN-ø-Ww-.-
-
a-sØ- X-i-lv-lp-Zn¬- \mw- kq-Nn-∏n-®n-´p-≠v.- (\-:- 145,146).- 179.- C-amw- k-emw- ho-´p-tºmƒ- X-s‚- i-_v-Z-ap-b¿-
175.- \m-ev- Im-cy-ßf
- n¬-\n-∂pw- A-√m-lp-thm-Sv- c-£tX- ØW-w -(a-øn-Øv- \-a-kv-Im-c-Øn-sem-gn-sI)-
Sn-s°m-≠v- C-{]-Im-cw- ]-d-bWw.- 180.- k-emw- ho-´p-∂-Xn-\v- hy-Xy-kv-X- co-Xn-I-fp-≠v.-

18.- ""Po-hn-X-Øn-se- Ip-g-∏w....''- F-∂m¬-:- a-\p-jy≥ X-s‚- PohnX


Øn¬- t\-cn-tS-≠n-h-cp-∂ C-l-tem-I-sØ-bpw- A-Xn-s‚- C-NvO-
I-fp-sS-bpw- Ip-g-∏-ß-ƒ ""a-cW - Ø- n-se- Ip-g∏
- w''- F-∂m¬- J-_d - n
se- Ip-g∏- ß- f
- pw,- c≠v ae-°p-I-fp-sS- tNm-Zyw- sN-ø-epw.- ""a-kolp-
±-Pv-Pm-en-s‚- Ip-g∏w.''- F-∂m-¬-:- P-\-ß-fn¬- [m-cm-fw- t]-sc- hgn-
(A-√m-lp-th-!- \-c-I-in-£-bn¬-\n-∂pw- J-_-dn-se- in- ]n-g-∏n-°p-Ibpw- Ah-s‚- (ZPv-Pm-en-s‚)- Zn-hy-Xz-hm-Z-sØ- ]n≥
]-‰m≥- t{]-cn-∏n°p-Ibpw- sN-øp-∂- co-Xn-bn¬- A-h-\-n¬- \n-∂pw-
£-bn¬-\n-∂p- Po-hn-X-Øn-se-bpw- a-c-W-Øn-se-bpw- Ipg- sh-fn-s∏-Sp-∂- Aam\p-jn-I-X-Iƒ.-
\-_n-()-bp-sS- \-a-kv-Im-cw- 48 \-_n-()-bp-sS- \-a-kv-Im-cw- 49

H-∂v-: (A-√mlphn A-Xn-eq-sS- \n-߃- ""Rm≥- \-a-kv-I-cn-°p-∂-Xv- I-≠-Xp-


s‚- c-£-bpw- Im-cp-Wy-hpw- A-\p-{K-l-ß-fpw- \n-ßfpsS- t]m-se- \n-ß-ƒ- \-a-kv-I-cn-°p-I''- F-∂- \-_n-h-N-\w-
ta-ep-≠m-hs
- ´)- F-∂v- h-eX
- p-`m-Kt- Ø-°v- Xn-cn-bp-tºmgpw I¿-Ω-cq-t]-W- k-Xy-s∏-Sp-Øp-I-bm-W-t√m- sN-øp-∂-Xv.-
(A-√m-lp-hn-s‚- c£bpw- ]n-∂o-Sv,- lr-Z-b-km-∂n-[y-tØm-sS-bpw- `-b-`-Iv-Xn-tbm-
Im-cp-Wy-hpw- \n-ß-fp-sS- ta-ep-≠m-h-s´)- F-∂v- C-S-Xp`m- sS-bpw- \-a-kv-I-cn-t°-≠-Xn-s‚- {]-m-[m-\yw- a-d-∂p-t]m-
K-tØ-°v- Xn-cn-bp-tºm-gpw- ]-d-bp-I-.- Im-Xn-cn-°m≥- {i-≤n-t°-≠X - p-≠v.-- Im-cW
- w,- A-Sn-a- A√m-
lp-hn-s‚- ap-ºn¬- \n¬-°p-∂-Xn-s‚- {][m\- e£yw-
c-≠v-:- ap-I-fn¬- ]-d-™-Xn¬-\n-∂pw Hgnhm- A-Xm-Wv.- `-b-`-Iv-Xn-bn-epw- \-_n-()-bp-sS- \-a-kv-Im-cw-
°n-s°m-≠v- ]-d-bpw.- A-\p-Ic - n-°p-∂X- n-epw- \n-߃-°v- Cu- hn-hc - n-®p-X∂- X- n¬-
aq-∂v:- F-∂v- he-Xp-`mK -tØ- \n-∂v- \n-߃- A-Xv- kz-bw- bm-Ym¿-∞y-am-°p-∂-Xn-s‚-
tXm-X-\p-k-cn-®m-Wv-
°pw- F-∂v- C-S-Xp-`m-K-tØ-°pw.-
\m-ev-:- ap-Jw- t\-sc-h-®v,- h-e-Xp-`m-K-tØ-°v- A¬-]w-
Xn-cn-®p-sIm-≠v- H-‰- k-emw- am-{Xw- ]-d-bpI.- (Xo¿-®-bm-bpw,- \-a-kv-Im-cw- \o-N-hr-Øn-bn¬-\n-∂pw-
** ** ** ** \n-jn-≤-I¿-a-Øn¬-\n-∂pw- X-S-bp-∂p)-(19)- F-∂- hm-°n-eq-
sS- \Ωp-sS- c-£n-Xm-hv- kq-Nn-∏n-®- B- k-Zv-^-ew- \n߃-
°v- e-`n-°p-I-.-
F-s‚- ap-kv-enw- k-tlm-Z-cm-! ""\-_n()-bp-sS- \-a-kv- A-h-km-\-am-bn,- \-Ωp-sS- \-a-kv-Im-c-hpw- a-‰p-I¿-a-ß-
Im-c-Øn-s‚- kw-£n-]v-X hn-h-c-Ww''- F-\n-°v- km-[n-®- fpw- \-Ωn¬-\n-∂pw- kzo-I-cn-°-W-sa-∂pw- \mw- A-h-s\-
hn-[Ø- n¬- sN-bvX - X
- m-Wv.- \n-߃- kz-¥w- I-Æp-Iƒ-sIm- I-≠p-ap-´p-∂- ˛A-Xm-b-Xv,-
≠v- A-Xv- Im-Wp-∂-Xp-t]m-se,- \n-߃-°v- hy-Iv-X-am-IpI-
bpw- \n-ßf - p-sS- a-\ - n¬- ]-Xn-bp-Ib
- pw- sN-øp-∂- co-Xnbn
¬- A-Xv- F-fp-∏a - m-°p-hm≥- Rm≥- ]-cn-{i-an-®n-´p-≠v.- Aß- (Ip-‰-a-‰- l-r-Z-b-hp-am-bn- A-√m-lp-hn-¶¬- sN-∂-h¿-
s\,- Rm≥- \n-߃-°v- hn-h-cn-®v- X-∂- co-Xn-bn¬- \n-߃- s°m-gn-sI.- kz-tØm- k-¥m-\-ß-tfm- {]-tbm-P-\-s∏-Sm-
\-a-kv-I-cn-°p-I-bm-sW-¶n¬,- \n-ß-fn¬-\n-∂pw- A-√m-lp-
A-Xv- kzo-Ic - n-°p-sa-∂v- Rm≥- {]-Xo-£n-°p-∂p.- Im-cWw,- 19.- kq-d-:- A¬- A≥-I-_q-Øv- 29:-45.-
\-_n-()-bp-sS- \-a-kv-Im-cw- 50 \-_n-()-bp-sS- \-a-kv-Im-cw- 51

Ø- Zn-h-kw)-(20) F-∂v- ]-d-™- B- Zn-h-k-Øn-te-°v- \Ωp-


sS- {]-Xn-^-e-sØ- \-ap-°v- th-≠-n- kw-c-£n-t°-W-sa∂v-
A-√-m-l-p-thm-Sv- Rm≥ -{]m¿-∞n-°p-∂p.- k¿-Δ-tem-I-c
£n-Xmhn-\m-Ip-∂p- k¿-Δ-kv-Xp-Xn-bpw.-

20.- kq-d-:- A-iv-ip-A-dm-Av-:- 26:-88˛89.-