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Conducting An Effective

An introduction to the Five Step Process of Job Hazard Analysis (JHA)

OR-OSHA 103
0102

Presented by
The Public Education Section
Oregon Occupational
Safety and Health
Division (OR-OSHA)

OR-OSHA Mission Statement

To advance and improve workplace safety and health for all workers in Oregon.
OR-OSHA Services
Oregon OSHA offers a variety of safety and health services to employers and employees:
Consultative Services (all field offices)
Offers no-cost, confidential on-site safety, health, and ergonomic assistance to Oregon employers for help in
recognizing and correcting safety and health problems in their workplaces.
Our consultants can also introduce you to the Safety & Health Achievement Recognition Program (SHARP) and
Oregons Voluntary Protection Program (VPP).

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Adopts, amends, and formally interprets occupational safety and health standards and provides technical
assistance such as reviewing variances.
Operates a resource center containing books, topical files, technical periodicals, pamphlets and brochures, more
than 200 technical data bases, and an audiovisual lending library.

Enforcement (all field offices)


Inspects places of employment for occupational safety and health rule violations and investigates workplace
safety and health accidents, complaints, and referrals.
Provides compliance assistance, specific abatement assistance to employers who have received citation, and
offers pre-job conferences for construction employers.

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Conducts no-cost statewide educational workshops in a wide variety of safety and health subjects.
Co-sponsors statewide conferences including the biennial Governors Occupational Safety and Health
Conference in Portland.

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This material is for training use only

Welcome
Welcome to the Basic Job Hazard Analysis (JHA) Workshop 103. This workshop is designed to
include you as much as possible in the learning experience. It targets the workers, supervisors, and
managers responsible for job safety performance, and introduces a new approach which brings the
JHA to the floor as a valuable training tool that may be integrated into daily operations.
The more you contribute, the more you will get out of this training, so please dont hold back. . .
participate and have fun!

The more you contribute, the more you will get out of this training, so please dont hold back . . .
Participate and have fun!

Goals
Given the information and exercises in this workshop, you will be able to:
1. Explain to others why JHAs are important
2. Recognize how the JHA may be a valuable training tool.
3. Know the five-step process and complete a JHA

Lets get to work!

Please Note: This material, or any other material used to inform employers of safety and health issues or of
compliance requirements of Oregon OSHA standards through simplification of the regulations should not be
considered a substitute for any provisions of the Oregon Safe Employment Act or for any standards issued by
Oregon OSHA. This workbook is intended for classroom use only
OR-OSHA 103 Job Hazard Analysis
COURSE TITLE

This material is for training use only

Instructor Notes
Page 1
This workshop targets workers, supervisors, and managers responsible for job safety
performance, and introduces a new approach which brings Job Hazard Analysis (JHA) to
the floor as a valuable training tool that may be integrated into daily operations

OR-OSHA 103 Job Hazard Analysis


COURSE TITLE

This material is for training use only

Introductions !
Form Teams
Elect a team leader _____________________________
Select a spokesperson ___________________________
Everyone is a recorder __________________________

Defining Job Hazard Analysis


Whats a Job?
_______________________________________________
_______________________________________________
_______________________________________________
Whats a Hazard?
_______________________________________________
_______________________________________________
_______________________________________________
What is Analysis?
_______________________________________________
_______________________________________________
_______________________________________________
Why is a JHA more effective than a walk-around inspections in
reducing accidents in the workplace?
_____________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________
OR-OSHA 103 Job Hazard Analysis
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This material is for training use only

Instructor Notes
Page 2
Once teams have been formed, some basic definitions need to be addressed:
What is a Job? Any activity (mental or physical or both) that has been assigned to an
employee as a responsibility and carries with it both positive and/or negative consequences
based on the performance of that job.
What is a Hazard? A unsafe condition or practice that could cause injury, illness, or
property damage and is preventable.
What is Analysis? The breaking down of a job into its component steps and then
evaluating of each step, looking for hazards. Each hazard is then corrected or a method of
worker protection (safe practice or PPE) is identified and made a standard of operation.
Why is JHA more effective than walk-around inspections? When used as hazard
recognition, awareness, and training aids, JHAs help to set performance standards, assist in
standardization of the operations based on acceptable safe practices and PPE, and provides
a form of documentation regarding the employees knowledge of the job requirements.

OR-OSHA 103 Job Hazard Analysis


COURSE TITLE

This material is for training use only

Why Job Hazard Analysis Is Important


Workers in their first year with their employer account for more than
50% of the accepted disabling claims.

Why? ( list three possible explanations )


1. __________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
2. __________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
3. __________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________

Determining The Degree Of Risk


Effective JHAs help the employer recognize and control hazards and
exposures in the workplace.

How might the employees perception of a hazard differ from that of


the employer?
___________________________________________
___________________________________________
___________________________________________

What is an exposure?
___________________________________________
___________________________________________
___________________________________________
OR-OSHA 103 Job Hazard Analysis
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This material is for training use only

Instructor Notes
Page 3
Workers in their first year with their employer account for more than 50% of the accepted
disabling claims.
Why? (list three possible explanations)
* Lack of knowledge * Lack of physical ability * Cultural perception of what is
acceptable behavior and what is not * Prior training that included unsafe practices.
How does the employees perception of a hazard possibly differ from that of the
employer? The employee sees a hazard and wants the employer to address it right away
because the employee may feel threatened or at risk. The employer may desire to address
the hazard quickly but is often slowed down by the process. Answers to critical questions
must be identified. Questions like - is it a real problem - how big a problem is it - what are
the options - what is the best way to correct it - who is going to correct it - how long will it
take - how much will it cost - is additional training needed . . .
What is an exposure? When an employee enters a danger zone by virtue of their
proximity to the hazard.

OR-OSHA 103 Job Hazard Analysis


COURSE TITLE

This material is for training use only

JHAs help us to understand the probability of there being an accident and what the severity of
the injury or illness might be if one does take place.

Probability is defined as: the chance that a given event will occur.
Oregon OSHA requires Compliance Officers to determine the probability
based on the following:
*
*
*
*
*
*

The number of employees exposed;


The frequency and duration of exposure;
The proximity of employees to the danger zone;
Factors which require work under stress;
Lack of proper training and supervision or improper workplace design; or
Other factors which may significantly influence the degree of probability of an accident
occurring.

They are also required to express their finding as a probability rating.


The probability rating is:
Low

If the factors considered indicate it would be unlikely that an accident


could occur;

Medium -

If the factors considered indicate it would be likely that an accident


could occur; or

High

If the factors considered indicate it would be very likely that an


accident could occur.

Severity is defined as: the degree of injury or illness which is reasonably predictable.
Compliance Officers are also required to determine the severity and express it based on the following
schedule:
Other Than Serious

Serious Physical Harm -

Conditions that could cause injury or illness to


employees but would not include serious physical harm.
(first aid for example)
(example: all recordable injuries and illnesses)

Death

OR-OSHA 103 Job Hazard Analysis


COURSE TITLE

This material is for training use only

Why Job Hazard Analysis Is Important


Probability and Severity factors can be evaluated based on a simple decision making matrix
(example 1 below). A matrix lets you chart a value for two factors such as probability and severity
and rate the combined relationship. For example, lets assume that you have found a hazardous
condition and 25 employees are exposed to it six times each day. You may feel that the probability is
medium based on these factors. Now you can chart the probability on a matrix similar to the one
below (example 2). Note that a line has been drawn through the medium row.
Now, using the same hazard, lets assume that the Severity factor is determined to be Serious
Physical Harm because the seriousness will most likely result in a recordable injury. Example 3 of
the same matrix (below) shows the Serious Physical Harm column with a line through it. Note that
the two lines intersect at the 4. The combined rating is 4.
Severity

Death

Low

Medium

High

Severity
Other Serious
Than Physical
Serious Harm Death

Death

Low

Medium

High

Probability

Other Serious
Than Physical
Serious Harm

Probability

Probability

Other Serious
Than Physical
Serious Harm

Severity

Low

Medium

High

Example 2

Example 1

Example 3

Now its your turn. ( read the following information and score the
matrix based on your understanding of the task, your experience, and
your intuition )
Picking Apples: There are 20 workers picking apples. The orchard is made up of 400 trees. The
workers are paid based on how much each one of them picks. Well-maintained equipment is
provided but there is no training. The owner or the foreman will be in the general area most of the
time.
Severity

Probability

Other Serious
Than Physical
Serious Harm
Low

Medium

High

Example 1
OR-OSHA 103 Job Hazard Analysis
COURSE TITLE

Death

This material is for training use only

Instructor Notes
Page 5:
Over the years the decision making matrix has become a staple for objectively evaluating
two criteria at the same time resulting in a combined rating for that criteria. In this exercise
the student is given the opportunity to put this tool to use. The assignment and the
explanation are straight forward.
When more than one job has been identified as needing a JHA, and if the decision
regarding which one should be conducted first (usually in committee) can not be
determined, time is often wasted debating which one to start with. These debates are
usually centered on opinion and/or personal experience and can be very heated. The net
result is a waste of valuable time in the debate. The use of the decision making matrix for
each hazard, by each member, and then comparing the results will reduce some of the
debate and thus reduce the time it takes to decide where to start.

OR-OSHA 103 Job Hazard Analysis


COURSE TITLE

This material is for training use only

The Steps In The JHA Process


Step One - Watch the work being done
The first step is to observe the employee performing the job. Its
important that the safety culture support the JHA process by
emphasizing the fix the system nature of the process. The observer
and employee should, of course, approach this step and the entire JHA
process as a team.

What are some effective methods to watch the work


being done?
___________________________________________
___________________________________________
___________________________________________
___________________________________________

The JHA doesnt have


to be rocket science.

Why is it important to involve the employee?


___________________________________________
___________________________________________
___________________________________________
___________________________________________

Why is a fix-the-system culture so important to the JHA process?


_____________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________

OR-OSHA 103 Job Hazard Analysis


COURSE TITLE

This material is for training use only

Instructor Notes
Page 6
This page begins the explanation of how to conduct or develop a JHA. The purpose is to
bring the students to a common understanding of how to begin.
The fix-the-system culture is one that makes every effort to address the hazards in the
workplace by first identifying the hazardous condition or practice, analyzing the hazard to
determine the root cause and then eliminate those hazards by correcting the deficiencies in the
system. (could include supervisor training, improved accountability system, establishment of
standards of performance at all levels, to name a few.)
What are some effective methods to watch the work being done? Video, observation,
photos, sketches.
Why is it important to involve the employee? A couple of things here: First it can help the
observer better understand the process that is taking place. Second, the more involved the
employees are in the development stage, the better the chances of buy-in on their part.
Why is a fix-the-system culture so important to the JHA process? The JHA process has
more than one goal.
1. It provides an organized approach for the evaluation of a process.
2. Once the hazards and corrective actions are identified, the JHA becomes a
vehicle by which the employer can mesh the desired Safe Behavior into the
normal operating procedure: The only way to do the job is to do it safely.
3. Once root causes have been identified in the JHA development process,
these can be addressed thus fixing the system that brought the hazardous
condition or unsafe practice into the workplace.

OR-OSHA 103 Job Hazard Analysis


COURSE TITLE

This material is for training use only

The Steps In The JHA Process


Group Exercise: Analyze These Jobs!
Instructions: First we need to understand the job that we are to analyze. Your instructor will
explain the following options:
Each group analyzes a job all of the members are familiar with at work.
The class analyzes the job the instructor demonstrates.
Each group analyzes one of the five jobs below.

Painting A Room:

* An employer decides to have two of his own employees paint five rooms of a building instead of
hiring a contractor from the outside.
* He brings in a compressor and spray gun from his home.
* He gives the workers $300.00 to go down to the local paint store and buy paint and anything else
they may need to complete the job.
* The job should be completed in four days.

Packing & Stacking Cartons:

*
*
*
*

Each of five teams of workers, two workers per team, pack 30 items in a carton.
The weight of each item is one pound.
One of the team members stands ready while the other fills the carton. This takes two minutes.
Once the carton is full, it must be taped shut, carried 20 feet, and then stacked on a pallet that
holds a total of 45 cartons.
* As the first team member leaves the line to carry the carton to the stacking area, the second team
member begins to fill the next carton.
* Once the pallet is full, a forklift will take it to the warehouse and a new empty pallet will be
placed into position.
* This process is repeated all day long with breaks given at mid-morning, lunch, and mid-afternoon
for each team.

OR-OSHA 103 Job Hazard Analysis


COURSE TITLE

This material is for training use only

Instructor Notes
Page 7 & 8: Group Exercise: Analyze These Jobs
There are three options listed on page 7 for the exercise introducing the students to the
analysis step. The instructor is to pick the one that the instructor is most comfortable with.
These two pages begin the discussion of the process and its first step: to figure out where
to begin.
Option 1: Each group can enter into a discussion and pick a job to be analyzed
that the whole group can relate to.
Option 2: The class analyzes the job the instructor demonstrates. If this is the
case, then you would move on to page 9 because there is no
discussion of choosing a job.
Option 3: Each group analyzes one of the five jobs listed on page 7 and 8.
This option is the preferred option by this point person as it seams to
be the less stressful to the students and the most time effective. If
this option is chosen, the instructor would assign a job to be
analyzed to each table group.

OR-OSHA 103 Job Hazard Analysis


COURSE TITLE

This material is for training use only

The Steps In The JHA Process


Group Exercise: Analyze These Jobs! (continued)

Backing A Dump Truck:

*
*
*
*

A piece of land is being prepared for new construction.


There are 12 workers in the area
A backhoe, frontloader, bulldozer, and dump truck are all in operation at the site at the same time.
The dump truck is filled about once an hour and must be taken to a landfill, emptied, and then
returned for another load.

Work Processing:

* A worker is hired to do data entry eight hours a day.


* Two short breaks are provided every hour along with the standard morning, lunch, and afternoon
breaks.
* The chair is adjustable. The keyboard is mounted on a platform in front of the monitor. The CPU
is located on the floor under the desk.

Cutting Wood On A Table Saw:

*
*
*
*
*

An old table saw with the guards missing is in the maintenance shop area.
Anyone is allowed to use it when needed.
There are five maintenance people and they all use this saw several times a day.
Safety glasses are required but not enforced.
The worker is cutting 8 x 2 x 6 boards that are stacked vertically along a nearby wall in the
same room.

OR-OSHA 103 Job Hazard Analysis


COURSE TITLE

This material is for training use only

The Steps In The JHA Process


Step Two - Break the job down into steps
This step is crucial to the JHA process. Analysis means breaking down the whole into parts to
determine how each part impacts the whole.

Lets take a look at the Job Hazard Analysis Worksheet and see how it helps us to organize this
process.

Step 1.

Job Hazard Analysis Worksheet


JHA Number: _______________

Page ____ of ____

Job Description: ____________________________________________________________________


Step 1._____________________________________________________________________________
Hazard(s)
_____________________________________

Control Measure(s) Required


______________________________________

_____________________________________

______________________________________

_____________________________________

______________________________________

_____________________________________

______________________________________

Step 2.

Step 2._____________________________________________________________________________
Hazard(s)
_____________________________________

Control Measure(s) Required


______________________________________

_____________________________________

______________________________________

_____________________________________

______________________________________

_____________________________________

______________________________________

Step 3.

Step 3._____________________________________________________________________________
Hazard(s)
_____________________________________

Control Measure(s) Required


______________________________________

_____________________________________

______________________________________

_____________________________________

______________________________________

_____________________________________

______________________________________

Step 4.

Step 4._____________________________________________________________________________
Hazard(s)
_____________________________________

Control Measure(s) Required


______________________________________

_____________________________________

______________________________________

_____________________________________

______________________________________

_____________________________________

______________________________________

OR-OSHA 103 Job Hazard Analysis


COURSE TITLE

Note:
A JHA could have as few
as 3 steps and as many as
15 steps. If there are
fewer than 3 steps then a
JHA may not be needed.
If there are more than 15
steps then more than one
JHA may be required.

This material is for training use only

Instructor Notes
Page 9:
The second step is to break the job down into steps. The introduction to the breaking
down process is covered through a brief discussion of the Job Hazard Analysis
Worksheet and how it helps in the organization of the process. Some key points to be
covered are as follows:
* The top of the first page of the JHA is a tracking device for easy location of
the job and documentation of the analysis.
* Once a JHA Number has been assigned, that number belongs to that job.
(example: JHA 1001)
* Page ___ of ____ is self explanatory. (Page 1 of 2, Page 2 of 2 etc.)
* Job Description: The every day language version that everyone can
understand: (example: Changing a tire, Mixing Concrete, Packing cartons,
Trimming defects from a product.)
* A good job is broken down into steps. If the JHA ends up with more than
15 steps then it is too complex. If this is the case, the JHA must be broken
down into phases (phase 1 and phase 2 etc.) The suggested JHA
worksheet allows for up to 15 steps (five on each of 3 pages)
* Each step of the job is identified and written in on the worksheet. All of the
steps should be identified before moving on to the Hazards.
* Each step is now broken down to identify the hazard. The hazards are listed
under each step.
* Once all of the hazards and operational concerns have been identified for all
of the steps, then the Control Measures for each hazard are recorded.
These control measures become the operational expectation.

OR-OSHA 103 Job Hazard Analysis


COURSE TITLE

This material is for training use only

Group Exercise
Fill in the top section and then break the assigned job down into steps. Use the bottom of this page
and continue on to the next page if necessary.

OR-OSHA 103 Job Hazard Analysis


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10

This material is for training use only

Instructor Notes
Page 10, and 11 Group Exercise.
Using the Job that was chosen and discussed amongst the groups on page 7 and 8, each
group is to break down the job into steps using these pages. The instructor could give an
example of breaking down into steps.
Example: Changing A Tire
Step 1: Make sure the car is parked off the road and clear of traffic
Step 2: Lock the parking brake
Step 3: Turn off ignition and remove the key
Step 4: Check for traffic and exit the car
Step 5: Find something to block the front wheels if changes a back tire or
block the back wheels if changing the front tire. (to keep the car
from rolling).
Continued until all steps have been identified.
Note: The third page of the JHA worksheet (steps 11 through 15) has been removed at this
location but is still in the Masters for Copy in the back.

OR-OSHA 103 Job Hazard Analysis


COURSE TITLE

This material is for training use only

The Steps In The JHA Process


Step Three - Describe the hazards in each step of the task.
One of the primary purposes of the JHA is to make the job safer. The information gathered in this
step will be valuable in helping to eliminate and/or reduce hazards associated with the job, and
improve the system weaknesses that produced them.
Identifying types of hazards
* Acceleration: When we speed up or slow down too quickly
* Toxic: Toxic to skin and internal organs.
* Radiation: Non-ionizing - burns, Ionizing - destroys tissue.
* Ergonomics: Eight risk factors
1. High Frequency: There are a lot of repetitions of the same movement

in a task.

2. High Duration: The employee must repeat the same movement over an extended period of time.
3. High Force: The employee must exert force to complete the task. This may include lifting, pushing, pulling,
reaching, etc.
4. Posture: Stress from over-extending body parts, or improper body position is part of the task.
5. Point of Operation: The location of the worker or tool in relation to the material or product, increases the stress
impact of other risk factors
6. Mechanical Pressure: Hand-held tools have hard, sharp edges or short handles.
7. Vibration: Impact tools, power tools, bench mounted buffers and grinders (for example) produce excessive vibration.
8. Environmental Exposure: The employee works in humid, poorly lit, noisy, or temperature extreme environments.

* Pressure: Increased pressure in hydraulic and pneumatic systems.


* Mechanical: Pinch points, sharp points and edges, weight, rotating parts, stability, ejected parts and
materials, impact.
* Flammability/Fire: In order for combustion to take place, the fuel and oxidizer must be present in
gaseous form.
* Explosives: Explosions result in large amounts of gas, heat, noise, light and over-pressure.
* Electrical Contact: Inadequate insulation, broken electrical lines or equipment, lightning strike,
static discharge etc.
* Chemical Reactions: Chemical reactions can be violent, can cause explosions, dispersion of materials
and emission of heat.
* Biological: Primarily airborne and bloodborne viruses.
* Violence In The Workplace: Any violent act that occurs in the workplace and creates a hostile work
environment that affects employees physical or psychological well-being.
OR-OSHA 103 Job Hazard Analysis
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This material is for training use only

Instructor Notes
Page 12 and 13:
Describe the hazards in each step of the task. Once the steps have been identified, then the
hazards are to be identified and described. For this part of the exercise, have the students
use the list of hazard types on page 12 to describe each hazard they find under each step of
the job on pages 10 and 11. They should also include the appropriate Accident Type
from the list on page 13.
Example: Changing A Tire
Step 1: Make sure the car is parked off the road and clear of traffic
Hazard(s)
Control Measure(s) Required
Mechanical (struck by)

OR-OSHA 103 Job Hazard Analysis


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This material is for training use only

The Steps In The JHA Process


Accident Types
Struck-by: A person is forcefully struck by an object.
The force of contact is provided by the object.
Struck-against: A person forcefully strikes an object.
The person provides the force or energy.
Contact-by: Contact by a substance or material that, by
its very nature, is harmful and causes injury.
Contact-with: A person comes in contact with a harmful substance or material. The person initiates
the contact.
Caught-on: A person or part of his/her clothing or equipment is caught on an object that is either
moving or stationary. This may cause the person to lose his/her balance and fall, be pulled into a
machine, or suffer some other harm.
Caught-in: A person or part of him/her is trapped, or otherwise caught in an opening or enclosure.
Caught-between: A person is crushed, pinched or otherwise caught between a moving and a
stationary object, or between two moving objects.
Fall-to-surface: A person slips or trips and falls to the surface he/she is standing or walking on.
Fall-to-below: A person slips or trips and falls to a level below the one he/she was walking or
standing on.
Over-exertion: A person over-extends or strains himself/herself while performing work.
Bodily reaction: Caused solely from stress imposed by free movement of the body or assumption of
a strained or unnatural body position. A leading source of injury.
Over-exposure: Over a period of time, a person is exposed to harmful energy (noise, heat), lack of
energy (cold), or substances (toxic chemicals/atmospheres).

Group Exercise
Using the worksheet(s) from Step 2 fill in the hazards that are associated with each step of the job.
If the step is free of hazards then go on to the next step of the job.

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The Steps In The JHA Process


Step Four - Control Measures
It is now time to identify the desired control measures for each hazard. These controls are to be
entered in the section titled Control Measures on the worksheet.

The Hierarchy of Controls


Engineering controls.

Job Hazard Analysis Worksheet


JHA Number: _______________

Page ____ of ____

Job Description: ____________________________________________________________________


Step 1._____________________________________________________________________________
Hazard(s)
_____________________________________

Control Measure(s) Required


______________________________________

_____________________________________

______________________________________

_____________________________________

______________________________________

_____________________________________

______________________________________

Step 2._____________________________________________________________________________
Hazard(s)
_____________________________________

Control Measure(s) Required


______________________________________

_____________________________________

______________________________________

_____________________________________

______________________________________

_____________________________________

______________________________________

Step 3._____________________________________________________________________________
Hazard(s)
_____________________________________

Control Measure(s) Required


______________________________________

_____________________________________

______________________________________

_____________________________________

______________________________________

_____________________________________

______________________________________

Step 4._____________________________________________________________________________
Hazard(s)
_____________________________________

Control Measure(s) Required


______________________________________

_____________________________________

______________________________________

_____________________________________

______________________________________

_____________________________________

______________________________________

Engineering controls consist of


substitution, isolation, ventilation, and
equipment modification. These controls
focus on the source of the hazard, unlike
other types of controls that generally
focus on the employee exposed to the
hazard. The basic concept behind
engineering controls is that, to the extent
feasible, the work environment and the
job itself should be designed to eliminate
hazards or reduce exposure to hazards
Management controls.
Any procedure which significantly limits
daily exposure by control or manipulation
of the work schedule or manner in which
work is performed is considered a means
of management control.
Management controls may result in a
reduction of exposure through such
methods as changing work habits,
improving sanitation and hygiene
practices, or making other changes inn
the way the employee performs the job.
Personal Protective Equipment (PPE).

Group Exercise
Using the worksheet(s) from Step 2 fill in the control
measure for each hazard that was identified in the last
exercise.

When exposure to hazards cannot be


engineered completely out of normal
operations or maintenance work, and
when safe work practices and
administrative controls cannot provide
sufficient additional protection from
exposure, personal protective clothing
and/or equipment may be required.

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Instructor Notes
Page 14: Control Measures.
The Control Measures are recorded on the worksheet for each hazard that is identified.
These controls may include procedures, practices, Personal Protective Equipment (PPE),
etc. Refer to the Hierarchy of Controls at the right of the page.
Example: Changing A Tire
Step 1: Make sure the car is parked off the road and clear of traffic
Hazard(s)
Control Measure(s) Required
Mechanical (struck by)
Administrative: Check side and rearview mirrors

OR-OSHA 103 Job Hazard Analysis


COURSE TITLE

This material is for training use only

The Steps In The JHA Process


Step Five - Safe Operating Procedure
The Safe Operating Procedure is the last page of the JHA. It is a narrative or written summary of
the JHA worksheets. Note that there are three sections: Heading, Body, and Signature
Safe Operating Procedure
JHA Number: _______________
Job Description: ____________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________
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______________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________
Supervisor Signature: ________________________________________ Date: _________________
Employee Signature: _________________________________________ Date: _________________

Group Exercise
Using the Safe Operating Procedure form on the next page, and referring to the worksheet(s)
from Step 2, write a narrative or written summary of the JHA.

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This material is for training use only

Instructor Notes
Page 15 & 16: Exercise: Developing a Safe Operating Procedure.
The Safe Operating Procedure is a narrative or written summary of the JHA worksheets.
This page explains the form and the next page is used in a group exercise as described at the
bottom of this page.

OR-OSHA 103 Job Hazard Analysis


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Performance Measurement Summary


Optional - Performance Measurement Summary
The Performance Measurement Summary gives the supervisor one more communication tool.
This summary would be used in conjunction with the JHA worksheet and the Safe Operating
Procedure to help ensure that the worker and the supervisor are in agreement regarding what is
expected of the worker and what will happen as the result of a performance evaluation.
The following page is an example of a complete Performance Measurement Summary.

JHA Number: _______________


Performance Measurement Summary:
The job description: ______________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________
______________________________________________________
The Operational Guidelines: _____________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________
______________________________________________________
______________________________________________________
The Hazards Identified: ___________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________
______________________________________________________
______________________________________________________
The Hazards Control Procedures: __________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________
______________________________________________________
______________________________________________________
The Supervisors Expectation: ______________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________
______________________________________________________
______________________________________________________
The Method(s) Of Performance Measurement: ________________________________________

______________________________________________________
______________________________________________________
______________________________________________________
The Consequences (positive & negative): ______________________________________________

______________________________________________________
______________________________________________________
______________________________________________________
Supervisor Signature: ________________________________________ Date: _________________
Employee Signature: _________________________________________ Date: _________________

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This material is for training use only

Performance Measurement Summary


123
JHA Number: _______________
Performance Measurement Summary:

Box Weight Checker


The job description: ______________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________
______________________________________________________
The Box Weight Checker picks up a box from the end
The Operational Guidelines: _____________________________________________________
of the conveyer, places it on the weight checker, records the weight on the weight
_____________________________________________________
ticket, and then pushes the box onto the take away conveyer.
______________________________________________________
______________________________________________________
Sprains and strains of the arms, shoulders, and lower back
The Hazards Identified: ___________________________________________________________
could be the result of improper lifting, carrying, and placing of the boxes.
_____________________________________________________
______________________________________________________
______________________________________________________
1. Approach each box straight on. 2. Remove it
The Hazards Control Procedures: __________________________________________________
from the conveyer without bending at the back (use legs). 3. Turn to weight
_____________________________________________________
checker (use feet to turn, do not twist). 4. Place box on weight checker. 5. Mark
______________________________________________________
box weight. 6. Gently push the box onto the take away conveyer.
______________________________________________________
In addition to the Hazard Control Procedures the
The Supervisors Expectation: ______________________________________________________
worker will be expected to do the following: 1. Stay up with the flow of boxes
_____________________________________________________
(5 to 8 boxes per minute). 2. Accurately record the weight of each box (zero
______________________________________________________
tolerance for errors). Note: The weight checker is calibrated daily.
______________________________________________________
The workers lifting practices will be
The Method(s) Of Performance Measurement: ________________________________________
observed and evaluated daily with appropriate feedback. The accuracy of the
______________________________________________________
box weight check will be monitored on an hourly bases with appropriate
______________________________________________________
feedback.
______________________________________________________
The worker will be on probation for five
The Consequences (positive & negative): ______________________________________________
working days. If it is determined that the worker is able to perform as described
______________________________________________________
above, he/she will have completed the probation successfully. In the event that
______________________________________________________
the worker is unable to perform as described, the worker will be discharged.
______________________________________________________

John E. Onthespot

8/7/01

Supervisor Signature: ________________________________________ Date: _________________

Rolland A Long
8/7/01
Employee Signature: _________________________________________
Date: _________________
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This material is for training use only

Masters for Copy


Job Hazard Analysis Worksheet
Safe Operating Procedure
Performance Measurement Summary

OR-OSHA 103 Job Hazard Analysis


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Job Hazard Analysis Worksheet

This material is for training use only

JHA Number: _______________

Page ____ of ____

Job Description: ____________________________________________________________________


Step 1._____________________________________________________________________________
Hazard(s)
_____________________________________

Control Measure(s) Required


______________________________________

_____________________________________

______________________________________

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_____________________________________

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Step 2._____________________________________________________________________________
Hazard(s)
_____________________________________

Control Measure(s) Required


______________________________________

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______________________________________

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______________________________________

Step 3._____________________________________________________________________________
Hazard(s)
_____________________________________

Control Measure(s) Required


______________________________________

_____________________________________

______________________________________

_____________________________________

______________________________________

_____________________________________

______________________________________

Step 4._____________________________________________________________________________
Hazard(s)
_____________________________________

Control Measure(s) Required


______________________________________

_____________________________________

______________________________________

_____________________________________

______________________________________

_____________________________________

______________________________________

Step 5._____________________________________________________________________________
Hazard(s)
_____________________________________

Control Measure(s) Required


______________________________________

_____________________________________

______________________________________

_____________________________________

______________________________________

_____________________________________

______________________________________

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This material is for training use only

Job Hazard Analysis Worksheet


JHA Number: _______________

Page ____ of ____

Step 6._____________________________________________________________________________
Hazard(s)
_____________________________________

Control Measure(s) Required


______________________________________

_____________________________________

______________________________________

_____________________________________

______________________________________

_____________________________________

______________________________________

Step 7._____________________________________________________________________________
Hazard(s)
_____________________________________

Control Measure(s) Required


______________________________________

_____________________________________

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Step 8._____________________________________________________________________________
Hazard(s)
_____________________________________

Control Measure(s) Required


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Step 9._____________________________________________________________________________
Hazard(s)
_____________________________________

Control Measure(s) Required


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Step 10.____________________________________________________________________________
Hazard(s)
_____________________________________

Control Measure(s) Required


______________________________________

_____________________________________

______________________________________

_____________________________________

______________________________________

_____________________________________

______________________________________

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Job Hazard Analysis Worksheet


JHA Number: _______________

Page ____ of ____

Step 11.____________________________________________________________________________
Hazard(s)
_____________________________________

Control Measure(s) Required


______________________________________

_____________________________________

______________________________________

_____________________________________

______________________________________

_____________________________________

______________________________________

Step 12.____________________________________________________________________________
Hazard(s)
_____________________________________

Control Measure(s) Required


______________________________________

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______________________________________

_____________________________________

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Step 13.____________________________________________________________________________
Hazard(s)
_____________________________________

Control Measure(s) Required


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______________________________________

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Step 14.____________________________________________________________________________
Hazard(s)
_____________________________________

Control Measure(s) Required


______________________________________

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______________________________________

_____________________________________

______________________________________

_____________________________________

______________________________________

Step 15.____________________________________________________________________________
Hazard(s)
_____________________________________

Control Measure(s) Required


______________________________________

_____________________________________

______________________________________

_____________________________________

______________________________________

_____________________________________

______________________________________

OR-OSHA 103 Job Hazard Analysis


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SafeThisOperating
Procedure
material is for training
use only
JHA Number: _______________
Job Description: ____________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________
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______________________________________________________________
Supervisor Signature: ________________________________________ Date: _________________
Employee Signature: _________________________________________ Date: _________________
OR-OSHA 103 Job Hazard Analysis
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JHA Number: _______________


This material is for training use only

Performance Measurement Summary:

__________________________________________
______________________________________________________
______________________________________________________

The job description:

_____________________________________
______________________________________________________
______________________________________________________
______________________________________________________
The Operational Guidelines:

The Hazards Identified: ________________________________________

______________________________________________________
______________________________________________________
______________________________________________________
The Hazards Control Procedures: __________________________________

______________________________________________________
______________________________________________________
______________________________________________________
The Supervisors Expectation: _____________________________________

______________________________________________________
______________________________________________________
______________________________________________________
The Method(s) Of Performance Measurement: ___________________________

______________________________________________________
______________________________________________________
______________________________________________________
The Consequences (positive & negative): ______________________________

______________________________________________________
______________________________________________________
______________________________________________________
Supervisor Signature: ________________________________________ Date: _________________
Employee Signature: _________________________________________ Date: _________________
OR-OSHA 103 Job Hazard Analysis
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