You are on page 1of 10

Cuba

It’s Time to End the Cuba Embargo Bandow 12 Cato “Time to End The Cuba Embargo” Douglas Bandow is a senior fellow at the Cato Institute and the author of a number of books on economics and politics.( 12-11-12, Doug, Cato, Time to End The Cuban Embargo”http://www.cato.org/publications/commentary/time-end-cuba-embargoDouglas FSP)
The U.S. government has waged economic war against the Castro regime for half a century. The policy may have been worth a try during the Cold War, but the embargo has failed to liberate the Cuban people. It is time to end sanctions against Havana. Decades ago the Castro brothers lead a revolt against a nasty authoritarian, Fulgencio Batista. After coming to power in 1959, they created a police state, targeted U.S. commerce, nationalized American assets, and allied with the Soviet Union. Although Cuba was but a small island nation, the Cold War magnified its perceived importance. Washington reduced Cuban sugar import quotas in July 1960. Subsequently U.S. exports were limited, diplomatic ties were severed, travel was restricted, Cuban imports were banned, Havana’s American assets were frozen, and almost all travel to Cuba was banned. Washington also pressed its allies to impose sanctions. These various measures had no evident effect, other than to intensify Cuba’s reliance on the Soviet Union. Yet the collapse of the latter nation had no impact on U.S. policy. In 1992, Congress banned American subsidiaries from doing business in Cuba and in 1996, it penalized foreign firms that trafficked in expropriated U.S. property. Executives from such companies even were banned from traveling to America. On occasion Washington relaxed one aspect or another of the embargo, but in general continued to tighten restrictions, even over Cuban Americans. Enforcement is not easy, but Uncle Sam tries his best. For instance, according to the Government Accountability Office, Customs and Border Protection increased its secondary inspection of passengers arriving from Cuba to reflect an increased risk of embargo violations after the 2004 rule changes, which, among other things, eliminated the allowance for travelers to import a small amount of Cuban products for personal consumption. “ Lifting sanctions would be a victory not for Fidel Castro, but for the power of free people to spread liberty.” Three years ago, President Barack Obama loosened regulations on Cuban Americans, as well as telecommunications between the United States and Cuba. However, the law sharply constrains the president’s discretion. Moreover, UN Ambassador Susan Rice said that the embargo will continue until Cuba is free. It is far past time to end the embargo.

Embargo hurts economy Pepper 9 Margot Pepper is a Mexican-born journalist whose memoir about her year working in Cuba, Through the
Wall: A Year in Havana, was nominated for the 2006 American Book Award. Her work has appeared in Utne Reader, Monthly Review, Z-net, Counterpunch, the San Francisco Bay Guardian, City Lights, Hampton Brown, Rethinking School and elsewhere, and can be found on her website. (2-18-09, Margot, “Embargo Harms US more Than Cuba”http://www.berkeleydailyplanet.com/issue/2009-02-19/article/32276?headline=Blockade-Harms-U.S.-More-ThanCuba FSP)

The U.S. blockade is causing more economic damage to the United States than it is to Cuba. A December letter signed by a dozen leading U.S. business organizations, including the U.S. Chamber of Commerce, urged then-President-elect Barack Obama to initiate the process of scrapping the 47-year

This fruitless propaganda enterprise has cost U. and up to $3. the United States spends $27 million each year to broadcast Radio and TV Martí to what critics have termed a black hole. and can be found on her website.against. they would add up to nearly a trillion dollars. cruise-ship companies and tour operators reaching $1.8 million Americans would visit the country by 2010.000 jobs would be created in the U. Cuba will be presenting a resolution at the current U. and constitutes genocide according to the 1948 Geneva Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide. he added.S.” In 2002 the Cuban government estimated the loss to the Cubans at about $685 million annually. the blockade is causing the U.-More-ThanCuba FSP) According to the non-profit Cuba Policy Foundation (CPF). stating that it is in "the national interest of the United States" to do so. Hampton Brown.84 billion.S.6 billion more a year in associated economic output for a total loss of $4. there are increased distribution expenses to trade with more distant counties." This will be the 20th time the same resolution is put to a vote there. since the television signals are effectively blocked by the Cuban government. according to the Council on Hemispheric Affairs. claiming that if the United States were to lift its travel restrictions to Cuba. Other sources project up to $4. “Embargo Harms US more Than Cuba”http://www. 12. the society says. tourism sector. tax payers half a billion dollars for the period spanning the last twenty years. airlines.S.S.N. Citing a comparable estimate.6 billion. CBS producer who recently spent time reporting inside Cuba.84 billion annually in lost sales and exports. In addition to the 4. Through the Wall: A Year in Havana. Vice Foreign Minister Abelardo Moreno said that at current prices a conservative estimate of economic damages to the island up until December 2010 would be more than $104 billion. run by a former U. (2-18-09.2 billion per year.S.S. commercial and financial blockade imposed by the United States of America against Cuba. Last year's vote was: 185 countries in favor to 2 -. U. Charter. (9-14-11 “Cuba: U. Margot.97 billion. Counterpunch. Yesterday President Obama authorized the continuation of the embargo for another year under the Trading with the Enemy Act. embargo causes $1 trillion in losses” http://www. with revenue to U.com/8301-503543_162-20106159-503543. Speaking to journalists in Havana. Z-net. if you take into consideration the extreme devaluation of the dollar against the price of gold on the international financial market during 2010. This could add to U.N. economy to lose up to $1. nearly 1. City Lights. Embargo Costs US Jobs Pepper 9 Margot Pepper is a Mexican-born journalist whose memoir about her year working in Cuba. The letter pegs the cost to the US economy at $1. General Assembly on the "Necessity of ending the economic. Moreno particularly attacked the extra-territoriality of the embargo listing various fines imposed by .S.the United States and Israel -. not to mention the millions spent by the Treasury Department to enforce its rules. gross domestic product by as much as $1.cbsnews. Employing the CPF’s figure for that year. the blockade has cost the United States up to $4.berkeleydailyplanet. the San Francisco Bay Guardian.S.S.84 billion estimate of losses. It has repeatedly been approved by the international community.24 billion a year in agricultural exports alone.155 billion more a year than the Cubans. Beside lost trade opportunities.com/issue/2009-02-19/article/32276?headline=Blockade-Harms-U. Running a blockade is costly. ambassador.old embargo.S. Rethinking School and elsewhere. The American Society of Travel Agents illustrates one of these losses. embargo for nearly a trillion dollars in losses to the island's economy since it was imposed by President Kennedy in 1962.html FSP) Cuba blames the U. Monthly Review. Moreno insisted the embargo violates international law and the U. embargo on Cuba causes $1 trillion in losses Siegelbaum 11 Portia. However. was nominated for the 2006 American Book Award. the CPF elaborates: “Within five years of eliminating the embargo. Her work has appeared in Utne Reader.

President Obama said yesterday in Washington that his administration's relaxation of the travel ban that now allows more Americans to visit Cuba on educational. Former New Mexico Governor Bill Richardson left Havana this morning after a week's efforts to see the American who is being held in a Havana military hospital. The Cubans say this program and others like it are intended to overthrow throw their government. 8-26-10 “Lift Embargo on Cuba? Not So Fast” http://patriotpost. In 1999. Government seized over $4. Tuberculosis and Malaria because they were earmarked for the implementation of cooperation projects with Cuba. religious. Cuban Immigrants are against the embargo Jacoby 10 Jeff Jacoby an American journalist and syndicated newspaper columnist with the Boston Globe. embargo causes $1 trillion in losses” http://www. Clinton did authorize the sale of certain humanitarian products to Cuba in 2000 only on a cash basis with no credit permitted. a position currently held by Mexico." The Helms-Burton Act passed by Congress in 1996 added yet further restrictions to prevent U." The vice foreign minister noted that in all from March 2010 to April 2011 there were several multimillion dollar fines levied against U. He also noted the embargo interfered with Cuba's cooperation with international agencies giving the example of how in January 2011. Yesterday Richardson told foreign journalists in Havana that the Cuban Government had rebuffed all his appeals. The Cuban Democracy Act of 1992 further codified the original embargo into law so as to maintain sanctions on Cuba until Havana takes steps toward "democratization and greater respect for human rights. The plan Drives Cubans apart Siegelbaum 11 Portia.S.2 million of funding from the Global Fund to Fight AIDS. State Department says the biggest obstacle to improving relations between the two countries is the imprisonment of an American aid worker Alan Gross.com/8301-503543_162-20106159-503543.S.(Jeff. CBS producer who recently spent time reporting inside Cuba. port workers and others. The U.us/opinion/6926 FSP) . the U.S. Gross was arrested in December 2009 and sentenced last March to 15 years in prison for bringing illegal communications equipment into Cuba as part of a program subcontracted to his employer by USAID. citizens from doing business in or with Cuba.cbsnews.S. President Bill Clinton expanded the embargo even more by prohibiting foreign subsidiaries of U. companies from trading with Cuba. could send money to relatives on the island.S. Nevertheless. (9-14-11 “Cuba: U.the U. Rice Federation has lobbied hard in Washington believing that Cuba could once again become the largest foreign market for American grown rice.S. This led among more serious moves to the removal of Cuban-made pajamas from shelves in Wal-Mart in Canada. on third country entities such as a $500 million fine against the Dutch Bank ABN Amro last year for "having carried out unauthorized financial transactions in which Cuba or Cuban Nationals had interests.html FSP) The policy has pitted pro-embargo Cuban-American exiles against many business leaders and agricultural producers who insist trade with Cuba would benefit American farmers.S.S. and foreign banking institutions for having conducted operations with Cuba. At present the U. cultural or people-to-people group trips would remain in effect as would the loosening of restrictions on the amount and frequency with which Cubans in the U.S. Moreno refused at this morning's press conference to respond to a question on Gross.

The transformative power of free trade is not to be denied. but trade with Cuba isn’t free. a pro-democracy activist who spent seven years behind bars before being exiled from Cuba last month. a dean of business administration at Florida International University. For that matter. "At a moment such as this. after all." the United States is one of Cuba’s top five trading partners. and ideas. "including Human Rights Watch. The new regulations are seen as a signal of presidential support for legislation sponsored by US Representative Collin Peterson that would repeal the travel limitations altogether. By the same token. since they control the "hotels. Indeed. to be benevolent with the dictatorship would mean solidarity with the oppressors of the Cuban nation. and Reina Luisa Tamayo." Especially compelling is a letter to members of Congress signed by 74 Cuban dissidents who support the legislation. whose 140-day hunger strike earlier this year drew worldwide attention. . and 494 of them signed a letter opposing any change in US policy that would reduce pressure on the regime.4 million tourists visited Cuba last year. Yet for all that exposure to foreign citizens. money. cut off from contact with the world. and cash to pour into Cuba? The argument might be more plausible if Cuba were a Caribbean North Korea." they wrote." the letter said. There is no Cuban parallel to the economic openness and flourishing private sector that has transformed China. religious." The Brookings Institute recommends "vastly" expanding US-Cuba travel and other "people-to-people contacts." calling them "a strategic tool to advance US policy objectives." The signers of this letter included Ariel Sigler. the US Conference of Catholic Bishops." As long as the Castros maintain their stranglehold on the Cuban economy. more than 800. Peterson notes that his bill is backed by a coalition of over 140 organizations. equipment sales. tens of thousands of Americans make it to Cuba each year." Foreign investors are compelled to deal with the state and its subsidiaries. The Embargo doesn’t work Jacoby 10 Jeff Jacoby an American journalist and syndicated newspaper columnist with the Boston Globe. Rewarding the dictators who keep Cuba in chains is not the way to set Cubans free. "We share the opinion that the isolation of the people of Cuba benefits the most inflexible interests of its government. The travel ban and embargo have not ended Cuba’s misery. The chorus calling for an end to the travel strictures and an increase in trade with Cuba is considerable.000 of them Canadians. It ought to be resisted. and the American Farm Bureau Federation. Ordinary Cubans may live with poverty and repression. 8-26-10 “Lift Embargo on Cuba? Not So Fast” http://patriotpost. and cultural groups can travel there. exports. enriching that economy enriches — and entrenches — them. "while any opening serves to inform and empower the Cuban people and helps to further strengthen our civil society.Is it time to unplug the American embargo against Cuba? The prospect seems to tempt more people than ever. Some 2. Among them are the noted blogger Yoani Sánchez and Guillermo Farinas.(Jeff. whose son Orlando Zapata Tamayo died after fasting for 82 days to protest the abuse of prisoners in Cuban jails. and factories. the US Chamber of Commerce. doesn’t stop Cuba from trading with any other country in the world. "The main problem resides in the absence of liberty for Cubans. even with the "embargo. observes in the Latin Business Chronicle that one unavoidable fact of life faces exporters to Cuba: "The entire distribution chain is in the hands of the Cuban military and intelligence services. the power of the Castro brothers is undiminished. there are men and women of good will on both sides of this debate. wouldn’t it have been undone by now? The US embargo. It isn’t. foreign trade operations. but lifting them unilaterally will only make that misery worse. loosening the rules under which academic. Jerry Haar. but the government has turned the island into a major tourist attraction. The New York Times reported last week that the Obama administration intends to expand opportunities for Americans to visit Cuba. if international commerce had the power to undo the regime. despite the restrictions. But will that day really be brought closer by allowing American tourists. And clearly the end of the Castro reign is a consummation devoutly to be wished.us/opinion/6926 FSP) Clearly. complete with deluxe hotels and beach resorts." But other dissidents take a different view." House Speaker Nancy Pelosi says she has "always been a supporter of lifting the travel ban.

Sen. Iraq under Saddam Hussein? Nope. It's just possible that the musical couple's presence or absence was utterly irrelevant to Cuba's future. law allows Americans to visit the island according to certain rules enforced by the Treasury Department. Nor is it implausible to suspect that the boycott has been the best thing that ever happened to the Castro brothers. The first would not be surprising. Vietnam or Burma -.all of which are open to American visitors. Our willingness to trade with them stems from the belief that economic improvement and contact with outsiders will foster liberalization rather than retard it . Normally it is no business of the federal government where private citizens want to spend their vacation time. Montgomery Ward. Nearly 200 countries allow trade with Cuba.S." That may be true. Chapman 4-15-13 Professor Stephen Kenneth Chapman FRSE FRSC CChem PhD is Principal and Vice-Chancellor of Heriot-Watt University.000 people from the U. The U. Even Cubans who don't like Castro may not relish being told what to do by the superpower next door. Americans have somewhat less control over the island than we like to imagine. bringing hard currency with them. "and the power couple received no special treatment. Lift the Embargo on Cuba. North Korea? Don't make me laugh. with no end in sight." Rubio's outrage is strangely selective. But among those who claim to speak for the Cuban exile community. So even if starving the country into submission could work. Edinburgh (“It’s Time to End the U. though. go each year. repressive. nightlife and Havana cigars.S." reported Reuters. murderous regime.S. It failed to solve that problem." Such activity.com/arch ives/ 201 3/04/15/its-time-to-end-the-us-embargo-of-cuba FSP) The communist regime in Cuba was just about to come tumbling down. The boycott adheres to the stubborn logic of governmental action. was among those lambasting the couple for daring to venture where he doesn't want them to go. But before that could happen. But U. ending decades of dictatorship and opening the way for freedom and democracy. said Academic Arrangements Abroad. Jay-Z and Beyonce took a trip to the island. providing them a scapegoat for the nation's many economic ills. It was created to solve a problem: the existence of a communist government 90 miles off our shores. embargo of Cuba has been in effect since 1962. it is anathema for anyone to visit the island as long as the communists hold power.S.S. maybe I exaggerate. The same accusation could be laid against anyone who travels to China. Cuba hasn't starved and won't anytime soon. "The trip was handled according to a standard licensing procedure for federally approved 'people to people' cultural tours to the island. So Cuba's despotism can expect to survive another 50 years. The implacable hostility of the Yankee imperialists also serves to align Cuban nationalism with Cuban communism. But the opposite approach is supposed to produce this kind of progress in Cuba. Well. Tourists from Canada and Europe flock there in search of beaches. Rubio claimed that people who make visits to Cuba "either don't realize or don't care that they're essentially funding the regime's systematic trampling of people's human rights. Iran? Still waiting. If there is any lesson to be drawn from this dismal experience. Do trade and tourism work to .. rotary-dial telephones and 10 American presidents. But its failure is taken as proof of its everlasting necessity. repressive and murderous regime. it's that the economic quarantine has been either 1) grossly ineffectual or 2) positively helpful to the regime. What makes this embargo even less promising is that we have so little help in trying to apply the squeeze.It’s Time that the U. the New York-based group that organized the trip. The rules for cultural trips were tightened last year after Rubio griped that they were too lax. Marco Rubio. Fidel Castro's government has somehow managed to outlast the Soviet Union. if only because economic sanctions almost never work. "provides money to a cruel." When it comes to sending money to a "cruel. R-Fla.Embargo onCuba”http://reas on. and some 500. he said. as far as Washington is concerned.

" they wrote. No use being a damned fool about it. The U." The signers of this letter included Ariel Sigler. a pro-democracy activist who spent seven years behind bars before being exiled from Cuba last month." The Brookings Institute recommends "vastly" expanding US-Cuba travel and other "people-to-people contacts. "including Human Rights Watch. "If at first you don't succeed. and the American Farm Bureau Federation. But our attempted economic strangulation of Cuba has been an emphatic bust. It could benefit from the advice of W. wouldn’t it have been undone by now? The US embargo.C. For that matter. doesn’t stop Cuba from trading with any other country in the world. "The main problem resides in the absence of liberty for Cubans. "We share the opinion that the isolation of the people of Cuba benefits the most inflexible interests of its government." Especially compelling is a letter to members of Congress signed by 74 Cuban dissidents who support the legislation. Some 2. who said. Among them are the noted blogger Yoani Sánchez and Guillermo Farinas. Peterson notes that his bill is backed by a coalition of over 140 organizations. loosening the rules under which academic. The chorus calling for an end to the travel strictures and an increase in trade with Cuba is considerable.000 of them Canadians. Yet for all that exposure to foreign citizens. the US Chamber of Commerce.us/opinion/6926 FSP) Is it time to unplug the American embargo against Cuba? The prospect seems to tempt more people than ever. It ought to be resisted." the United States is one of Cuba’s top five trading partners. Indeed. complete with deluxe hotels and beach resorts. more than 800. But will that day really be brought closer by allowing American tourists. after all. and cultural groups can travel there. We keep trying it. and ideas. a dean of business administration at Florida . religious. Then give up. the US Conference of Catholic Bishops. The transformative power of free trade is not to be denied. try again. The New York Times reported last week that the Obama administration intends to expand opportunities for Americans to visit Cuba. tens of thousands of Americans make it to Cuba each year. It isn’t. The new regulations are seen as a signal of presidential support for legislation sponsored by US Representative Collin Peterson that would repeal the travel limitations altogether." But other dissidents take a different view. to be benevolent with the dictatorship would mean solidarity with the oppressors of the Cuban nation.S." Lift Embargo on Cuba? Not So Fast Jacoby 10 Jeff Jacoby an American journalist and syndicated newspaper columnist with the Boston Globe. whose son Orlando Zapata Tamayo died after fasting for 82 days to protest the abuse of prisoners in Cuban jails." House Speaker Nancy Pelosi says she has "always been a supporter of lifting the travel ban. and cash to pour into Cuba? The argument might be more plausible if Cuba were a Caribbean North Korea. government has been tireless in pursuing a policy that does not look better with time. try. whose 140-day hunger strike earlier this year drew worldwide attention. despite the restrictions. Jerry Haar. By the same token. Fields. 8-26-10 “Lift Embargo on Cuba? Not So Fast” http://patriotpost. if international commerce had the power to undo the regime. but trade with Cuba isn’t free. even with the "embargo. and the communist government remains in full control.4 million tourists visited Cuba last year. cut off from contact with the world. there are men and women of good will on both sides of this debate. "At a moment such as this. and Reina Luisa Tamayo. but the government has turned the island into a major tourist attraction. Ordinary Cubans may live with poverty and repression. There is no Cuban parallel to the economic openness and flourishing private sector that has transformed China. and 494 of them signed a letter opposing any change in US policy that would reduce pressure on the regime. the power of the Castro brothers is undiminished. making a mockery of our strategy.(Jeff. And clearly the end of the Castro reign is a consummation devoutly to be wished. Clearly. exports." calling them "a strategic tool to advance US policy objectives. "while any opening serves to inform and empower the Cuban people and helps to further strengthen our civil society.weaken repression? The evidence is mixed." the letter said. money.

S. Previously. market share from 6 percent to between 18 and 42 percent.com/2010/08/24/ten-reasons-to-lift-the-cuba-embargo/ FSP) It's good economics. One 2009 study estimated that doing away with all financing and travel restrictions on U. Embargo Key to Agriculture Lloyd 11 Delia Lloyd is a writer based in London. agricultural sector. observes in the Latin Business Chronicle that one unavoidable fact of life faces exporters to Cuba: "The entire distribution chain is in the hands of the Cuban military and intelligence services.S. Rewarding the dictators who keep Cuba in chains is not the way to set Cubans free.politicsdaily. up from roughly 170.S. but lifting them unilaterally will only make that misery worse. According to the Cuban government. It's long been recognized that opening up Cuba to American investment would be a huge boon to the tourism industry in both countries. The International Herald Tribune. “Ten Reasons to lift the embargo” http://www. Previously.000 Cuban-Americans visited from the United States in 2009. “Ten Reasons to lift the embargo” http://www. and The Financial Times.S. The International Herald Tribune.International University. Previously.she worked as a producer at Chicago Public Radio and taught political science at the University of Chicago (2011. enriching that economy enriches — and entrenches — them.com/2010/08/24/ten-reasons-to-lift-the-cuba-embargo/ FSP) It's good economics.com/2010/08/24/ten-reasons-to-lift-the-cuba-embargo/ FSP) . increasing U. and factories.politicsdaily. up from roughly 170." Foreign investors are compelled to deal with the state and its subsidiaries. Embargo Key to Tourism Lloyd 11 Delia Lloyd is a writer based in London.000 the year before.she worked as a producer at Chicago Public Radio and taught political science at the University of Chicago (2011. The travel ban and embargo have not ended Cuba’s misery. and The Financial Times. suggesting a pent-up demand. Her work has appeared in The New York Times. According to the Cuban government. agricultural exports to Cuba would have boosted 2008 dairy sales to that country from $13 million to between $39 million and $87 million. equipment sales. since they control the "hotels. increasing U. Lifting the embargo would also be an enormous boon the U.000 the year before. Lifting the embargo would also be an enormous boon the U. agricultural sector.S. market share from 6 percent to between 18 and 42 percent. foreign trade operations. 250. agricultural exports to Cuba would have boosted 2008 dairy sales to that country from $13 million to between $39 million and $87 million. suggesting a pent-up demand. One 2009 study estimated that doing away with all financing and travel restrictions on U. “Ten Reasons to lift the embargo” http://www.she worked as a producer at Chicago Public Radio and taught political science at the University of Chicago (2011." As long as the Castros maintain their stranglehold on the Cuban economy. It's long been recognized that opening up Cuba to American investment would be a huge boon to the tourism industry in both countries. The International Herald Tribune. Her work has appeared in The New York Times.S. Her work has appeared in The New York Times. Repealing the Cuban embargo is Key to Cuban democracy Lloyd 11 Delia Lloyd is a writer based in London.000 Cuban-Americans visited from the United States in 2009. and The Financial Times.politicsdaily. 250.

in order to keep pressure on the regime to do something about human rights.i.. foreign policy toward other high-profile authoritarian countries. most notably China. democracy in Cuba. holding on to this last vestige of the Cold War foreign policy no longer makes sense . in turn. so this logic goes.It's good politics. not hurting. To argue that U.) Sure.she worked as a producer at Chicago Public Radio and taught political science at the University of Chicago (2011. But the recent renegotiation of the . “Ten Reasons to lift the embargo” http://www. it's difficult to disagree with the proposition that by enabling visiting scholars and religious groups to stay in Cuba for up to two years (as the presidential order would allow) rather than a matter of weeks (as is currently the case) we'd be helping. In an international climate marked by cooperation on issues ranging from terrorism to global financial crises.have long argued that easing the restrictions would only reward Castro for the regime's ongoing repression of political dissidents. scholars and activists alike would gain much better insight into where the pressure points for democracy actually exist. repressive.com/2010/08/24/ten-reasons-to-lift-the-cuba-embargo/ FSP) It's out of date.S. pursues a consistent policy of sanctions against politically repressive regimes.-Cuban policy is an anachronism is putting it mildly.J. Supporters of the trade embargo -. Repealing the Cuban embargo is Key to preventing double standards Lloyd 11 Delia Lloyd is a writer based in London. Previously. and The Financial Times. Her work has appeared in The New York Times.S.politicsdaily. because American visitors would be staying on the island longer.politicsdaily.S. easing the current travel restrictions would allow for far deeper linkages between non-governmental organizations from both countries.like Cuban-American Sen. and The Financial Times. there's still tension between the United States and Russia.unlike China -.) -. the case against Cuba doesn't hold up very well. presses for political reform. The International Herald Tribune. The International Herald Tribune. First. Another reason to question the link between the embargo and human rights is that it's a double standard that flies in the face of U. It's not clear that this argument actually holds up when subjected to close causal scrutiny (although the reverse does seem to be true -. “Ten Reasons to lift the embargo” http://www. Still. The usual logic put forth to explain this relationship is that trade creates an economically independent and politically aware middle class. Previously. communist state that -. But there's a long-standing empirical relationship between trade and democracy. (Bear in mind that the young people now entering college were not even alive when Czechoslovakia existed.com/2010/08/24/ten-reasons-to-lift-the-cuba-embargo/ FSP) It's a double standard. she worked as a producer at Chicago Public Radio and taught political science at the University of Chicago (2011. which some see as a powerful mechanism for democratic reform. which.e." Unless and until the U. Her work has appeared in The New York Times. Repealing the Cuban embargo is Key to preventing double standards Lloyd 11 Delia Lloyd is a writer based in London. We need to keep up the economic pressure on Cuba.can't lend us money. Robert Menendez (DN. Stephen Colbert once quipped that Cuba is "a totalitarian. democratic reform creates pressure for trade liberalization). Second.

g. Horse -. one can argue that the problem here is one of poor domestic policy choices. and The Financial Times. tourism) and the rest of the island. The Cuban embargo Is Inhumane Lloyd 11 Delia Lloyd is a writer based in London. Her work has appeared in The New York Times. It doesn't work. aid. “Ten Reasons to lift the embargo” http://www.S. Isolating Cuba has been more than ineffective." The Embargo gives Cuba a scapegoat Lloyd 11 Delia Lloyd is a writer based in London.was a common offering on menus back then.politicsdaily. . Again. But it's not clear that ordinary Cubans perceive that distinction. Moreover. rather than drawing attention to their own mismanagement. Moreover. But the selective nature of that deregulation has only exacerbated economic inequalities. and The Financial Times. much less the Cuban-American one. it's hard not to feel that U. That situation has apparently eased in recent years as the government has opened up more sectors of the economy to ordinary Cubans.com/2010/08/24/ten-reasons-to-lift-the-cuba-embargo/ FSP) It's inhumane. Her work has appeared in The New York Times. and we rarely know enough about how the target economy works or how to manipulate the political incentives of the target government to achieve our goals. which they could not enter otherwise. rather than the embargo. if the embargo were the last outpost of Cold War politics and it produced results. If strategic arguments don't persuade you that it's time to end the embargo.START agreement on nuclear proliferation reinforces the notion that the Cold War is no longer the dominant prism for understanding that bilateral relationship. policy is perpetuating an injustice. then perhaps humanitarian arguments will. horse -. she worked as a producer at Chicago Public Radio and taught political science at the University of Chicago (2011. Of course. as one scholar put it. when you stand in the airport and watch tourists disembark with bucket-loads of basic medical supplies. in banning the shipment of information-technology products. which feels very much like the remnant of an exhausted socialist economic model. Previously. And that's because. Previously. yet another potential catalyst for democratization. she worked as a producer at Chicago Public Radio and taught political science at the University of Chicago (2011. For as anyone who's traveled to the island knows. “Ten Reasons to lift the embargo” http://www. the United States has effectively assisted the Cuban government in shutting out information from the outside world. I remember the throngs of men who would cluster outside the tourist haunts. The International Herald Tribune. "interfering with the market (whether using sanctions. But scholars and analysts of economic sanctions have repeatedly questioned the efficacy of economic statecraft against rogue states unless and until there's been regime change.politicsdaily. there's a decidedly enclave-like feel to those areas of the economy where capitalism has been allowed to flourish in a limited sense (e. or other government policies) has real economic costs. They'd hope to persuade visitors like me to pretend to be their escort so they could sneak into the fancier hotels and nightclubs. It's also provided the Castro brothers with a convenient political scapegoat for the country's ongoing economic problems. The International Herald Tribune. that might be an argument for continuing it.com/2010/08/24/ten-reasons-to-lift-the-cuba-embargo/ FSP) It's counter-productive. which they promptly hand over to their (native) friends and family.yes. When I went there in the 1990s with my sister.

Her work has appeared in The New York Times. with some reports estimating the island could become a major oil producer -.org drive. The International Herald Tribune. particularly when they're right next door.Repealing the embargo is key to oil production Lloyd 11 Delia Lloyd is a writer based in London. . The Plan is unpopular worldwide Lloyd 11 Delia Lloyd is a writer based in London.politicsdaily. Cuba is the only country in the world where Americans are restricted by their own government from visiting freely.politicsdaily. Previously. that's right.just published a national epic titled "Freedom. Her work has appeared in The New York Times. The Plan controls American Freedom of movement Lloyd 11 Delia Lloyd is a writer based in London. “Ten Reasons to lift the embargo” http://www. 67 percent of Americans favor lifting the travel ban. Another reason to think that it might be time to reconsider our Cuba policy is this natural resource.com/2010/08/24/ten-reasons-to-lift-the-cuba-embargo/ FSP) It restricts Americans' freedom of movement.com/2010/08/24/ten-reasons-to-lift-the-cuba-embargo/FSP) It's unpopular. In a country whose "great American novelist" -. and The Financial Times. the environment to lift sanctions may be ripe politically in a way that it wasn't even six months ago. “Ten Reasons to lift the embargo” http://www.000 signatures in favor of restoring travel to Cuba through its OpenCuba. Previously. the ban on travel and trade would most likely fall. The International Herald Tribune. In an era where geopolitical realities may make places like Venezuela and the Middle East less reliable sources of oil for the United States. Previously. and The Financial Times. It's easier to go to North Korea (from the American end of things) than it is to travel to our Caribbean neighbor. And according to Rep. and 72 percent believe that expanding travel to Cuba would positively impact the lives of Cubans.that would be Jonathan Franzen -.over the next five to 10 years." one need not underscore this irony.com/2010/08/24/ten-reasons-to-lift-the-cuba-embargo/FSP) There's oil there. she worked as a producer at Chicago Public Radio and taught political science at the University of Chicago (2011. “Ten Reasons to lift the embargo” http://www. we need all the friends we can get. she worked as a producer at Chicago Public Radio and taught political science at the University of Chicago (2011. she worked as a producer at Chicago Public Radio and taught political science at the University of Chicago (2011.). Cuba has begun exploratory drilling in search of oil in its territorial waters. Jeff Flake (R-Ariz. one of the leading proponents of lifting the embargo. The International Herald Tribune. In other words. Yes. if a vote in Congress were taken secretly. and The Financial Times.politicsdaily. Orbitz has collected more than 100.and refiner -. Her work has appeared in The New York Times. According to the travel-service provider Orbitz Worldwide.