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Impact of cartoon shows on children

Introduction
Watching cartoons has become one of the primary actions to many children these days. Too many children are watching too much cartoons and some of the materials can make them violent and addictive.Typically, children begin watching cartoons on television at an early age of six months, and by the age two or three children become enthusiastic viewers. Statistics indicate that children watch up to 30 hours of television each week, almost equivalent to the time spent in a full-time job. Among the TV shows, children have a special attraction to cartoons. Children watching too much cartoons on television are more likely to have mental and emotional problems, along with brain and eye injuries and unexpectedly the risk of a physical problem increases. Sometimes the material of the cartoons is not appropriate for their age group.Some cartoons representviolent actions involving animated characters and situations. High level of violence in cartoons can make children more aggressive. It is because children tend to mimic the negative behavior they see on cartoons. The children who watched the violent cartoons, were more likely to hit their playmates, argue, disobey class rules, leave tasks unfinished, and were less willing to wait for things than those children who watched nonviolent programs. Besides, some cartoons are also displaying false sense of reality upon children. Along with the behavioral effects, watching cartoons for long time also leave some physiological symptoms. As for the brain, there is scientific evidence that too much television can be detrimental to children. The April 2004 issue of the medical journal Pediatrics published a study done by Children’s Hospital and Regional Medical Center of Seattle, Washington. The study revealed that children who watched three to
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Impact of cartoon shows on children

four hours of television daily had a 30 to 40 percent greater risk of developing attention deficit disorder than children who did not watch television. While no specific program is directly responsible, Dr. Dimitri Christakis, leader of the study, speculates that the speed of the images displayed could affect children’s brains (Today’s Chiropractic, 2004). The other problem is that the eyes get bad. Adams, Cecil (1992, July 24) claimed that watching television is not a danger to the eyes, as long as children watch in the right conditions. Most people think that just watching cartoons on television is very dangerous to the eyes, but if the room is quite bright and children sit far from the television, it will not damage their eyes, but rather will result in eye fatigue. Fantasy is the main content of cartoons and in fact, every human being has his or her own secret fantasy world. So, fantasies are only harmful when they are giving a wrong message, especially to the juvenile minds of kids. Violence is not funny and it is not harmless so the children needs help to develop a sense of consequence of those acts which they saw the cartoon characters doing.

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Children keenly observe what cartoons' actions. with varied meanings that evolved from one to another. He-man. Many of the cartoon characters that children are most familiar with are Bugs Bunny. scenes in cartoons that were considered appropriate for a general audience in the 1940s are not 3|Page . According to Butler. Jeremy (2010). we can see barren playgrounds. parents are worried about mental and emotional problems with their children. First of all. Final fantasy etc has become much popular and attractive among children. Cartoon is a main source of entertainment for children. Tom and jerry. They prefer those cartoons which are understandable in terms of language. and Popeye.From the last five to six years Dragon ball z. Children watch cartoons for entertainment. Thundercats. Naruto. Captain planet. the children’s eyes would get worse. children's sloppy attitude towards studies. Round the clock cartoons are on air on Cartoon Network. Secondly. They have no time for the healthy activities. Ben 10. Cartoons have existed on broadcast television for about seven decades. if their children watch cartoons too much. A cartoon is several forms of art. and they may also lose their attention span. Daffy Duck. The last problem is that children most often imitate what they see on television. most parents do not let their children watch cartoons too much because they get worried about the effects of cartoons on their children. These cartoons contain more violent content than the cartoons of earlier decades.Impact of cartoon shows on children Background Children enjoy watching cartoons. These three reasons are why every parent should control their children with watching cartoons too much on TV. Nevertheless. Pokemon. Because of this channel. which could come from watching violent cartoons.

” (Clark. 1983). Children copied and identified with fantasy characters just as much as they would with screen actors. fictional violence also seems to make aggression more likely than programming without violent content (Atkin..S. There is no uncertainty that cartoon violence affects children in some way. … found that output aimed at children as young as seven. Animated shows aimed at youngsters often have more brutality than programmes broadcast for general audiences.Impact of cartoon shows on children thought to be too brutal for today’s educated children. and their own life experience to gain an understanding of how television violence affects children. So we need to consider the ways in which children process information. psychologists quizzed 95 girls aged ten and 11 about their favorite TV shows. Studies by George Gerbner. “The U. Ph. 4|Page . Although violence presented as real appears to promote aggression more in adults than violence described as fictional. the amount of mental effort they invest. rating them for violent content and verbal and indirect aggression. Laura. “Cartoon violence makes children more aggressive”). which included a number of cartoons had the highest levels of violence. at the University of Pennsylvania. Psychological research has shown three major effects of seeing violence on television:  Children may become less sensitive to the pain and suffering of others  Children may be more fearful of the world around them  Children may be more likely to behave in aggressive or harmful ways toward others.D. have shown that children's TV shows contain about 20 violent acts each hour and also that children who watch a lot of television are more likely to think that the world is a mean and dangerous place.

Besides. diving. Wendy (2010). and falling from very high heights.However. At this stage. Parents 5|Page . Josephson. children develop the attention span and cognitive ability to follow continuous plots. This avoidance of physical activities can increase the rate of obesity among the children. Being able to fall off a tall cliff or being shot with a gun in the face and walking from these incidents with barely a scratch.Impact of cartoon shows on children Today in many children’s cartoon’s we see cartoon characters jumping. the availability of TV accompanied a decline in both time spend on homework and reading skills (Furu. In Japan. are these types of cartoonreally ok for your children to watch? These sorts of cartoons are displaying false sense of reality upon children. Some cartoons like Bugs Bunny show that they shoot each other. this false sense of reality can really affect them. to make inferences about implicit content. Parents seem to be happy with this as long as the cartoon doesn’t promote adult or any kind of violent content. But. they are also investing increasingly less mental effort overall in their viewing and it is mental effort that determines whether children will process television information deeply or merely react to it in an unfocused. superficial way. Today’s children tend to spend less time on physical activities and study. 1962). At a young age. it also has lessened the practice of their intellectual ability. then landing without being harmed. This is because they often spend too much time on watching cartoons. observed that elementary school age (ages six to eleven) is considered a critical period for understanding the effects of television on aggression. and to recognize motivations and consequences to characters' actions.

Impact of cartoon shows on children should be concerned about how many hours their children are spending on watching cartoons. Research Questions In the research paper I have tried to find out the impacts of watching cartoons based on observing the children. My research addressed the following questions:  What kind of cartoon character did you like?  How many hours you used to spend every day on watching cartoon?  Do you still spend that much time for watching cartoons?  Have you ever wanted to be cartoon character you used to like?  Did you like the cartoons that contained fighting or violent material?  Do you think those cartoon shows have ever made you think to do something violent?  Did you have headache or stress for watching cartoons for long time? 6|Page .

I have found some articles on the impacts on cartoons done by physiologists who tried to identify the behavioral impacts on the children. often have headache and eye ache. It can create temporary physical and mental problems. Sometimes children spend too much time in watching cartoon than any other activity. For which children may suffer from behavioral aggression. I have also read out few online articles and journal to do my secondary research.I have provided a questioner based on my assumptions to get their responses against my assumptions. The primary research is based on the negative impacts of cartoons on the childhood of some undergraduate students. That can harm their study and lessen intellectual capability. watching television for a long time. Methodology This study was planned to identify the impact of cartoons on children. Besides the cartoons those are being showed in television today. 7|Page .Impact of cartoon shows on children Hypothesis Cartoon shows have great impact on a child’s mind. Children. The purpose was to collect their experience and prove how badly cartoons can harm the children based on their response to my questions. I have chosen students and parents to conduct the primary research. Most of the articles refers that cartoons are containing more violent contents these days. contains more violent material.

those children who are engaged in watching 8|Page .Impact of cartoon shows on children Data presentation and analysis Favourite Activity 12% 14% 31% 43% T. which help them to think more clearly and improve their interaction skills. On the other hand.V. The number of children who never watched cartoon was rather insignificant Children watching cartoons differentiated themselves from those playing outdoor sports by saying that they were physically less fit and less interactive. Most of the children answered that they watch cartoon occasionally . while the figures for studying and other activities were 14 % and 12% respectively.V Games Studying Others It can be inferred from the pie chart that 43 % of all children preferred watching T. while a few did admit that they were addicted to watching cartoons. Those who go out to play generally mix with other children of the same age and share emotions and ideas. The second popular activity was playing video games.

they tend to be introverts and suffer from behavioural disorder symptoms. scarcity of play grounds and no permission from their parents act as constraints. This is ofcourse an alarming rate of spending time on watching cartoons. Hours spent on watching cartoon 14 12 10 8 6 12 10 6 12 4 2 0 2 Hours 4 Hours More thatn 6 hours Do not remember Children are watching too mutch cartoon these days. There are also 12 children whose parents do not remember how much time their children spent on watching cartoons. Therefore.Impact of cartoon shows on children cartoons all day long staying at home does not get the scope to talk. It may have lead them to do less physical works. but factors such as excessive home works. interact or share ideas. They used to sped a large portion of a day to watch cartoon. Many children would like to go out to play. They may have spent too much to remember or 9|Page . Most of the children used to spend at least four hours on watching cartoons. Besides the graph shows that twelve among the fourty(30 percent)children used to spend more than six hours.

Impact of cartoon shows on children not so much fond of cartoons. we see that fourteen children(35 percent) watch super hero character. The response is higher of spendig four or more hours on watching cartoons. There are ten respondents who were not fond of any specific type of characters. 10 | P a g e . They might have a false sense of reality that they can do anything without getting any harm. We can see that more than half of the responses were on fighter and super hero characters which might have lead them being violent. Favorite types of cartoon character 16 14 12 10 8 6 4 2 0 Fighter Super Hero Funny No Specific Type 14 10 6 10 Among the fourty respondents. A very little response found on the funny characters. Both super hero and fighter character can create false sense of reality at their early age. There are ten respondents(25percent) who liked fighter character.

50% Tom & Jerry Ben 10 Doraemon 15% Among the cartoon shows fourty five percent respondents watch Doraemon and 33 percent watch tom & jerry which is a funny cartoon show and another twenty two percent children watch captain planet and Ben 10. we saw that almost half of the respondents used to like super hero and fighter character. This can be harmful for children if they try to follow those cartoons. a super hero type cartoon has only fifteen percent respondent.Tom and jerry cartoon often show that they are jumping from higher places and throwing stuffs to each other. Here fighter character Capten planet has 7percent respondentss. Ben 10.50% Captain Planet 45% 32. Here we can see that more than half of the respondents used to watch funny cartoons. But in the previous graph.Impact of cartoon shows on children Favorite cartoon show 7. 11 | P a g e .

A very few children face stress or migraine type problem.Among the impacts eye ache is the more common problem faced by the respondents. 12 | P a g e . But twelve of them said that they face some eye problem. It represents that watching cartoon for long do have a very little impact on children.Impact of cartoon shows on children Physical problem due to watching cartoon for a long time 16 14 12 10 8 6 4 2 0 Headache Eye ache Stress Migraine None of the above 15 12 8 2 2 The graph shows that among fourty children. eight of them have not face any kind of physical problems for watching cartoons for long time.

More two reffers to no impact of watching cartoons. Four among fourty parents think that watching cartoon is waste of time. This shows can be harmful for children.Impact of cartoon shows on children Opinion about watching cartoon 20 18 16 14 12 10 8 6 4 2 0 Waste of time Can create false sense of reality Can make violent can make creative 18 10 4 4 2 No impact From the above graph we can see that four parents think that cartoons can make children crteative. The cartoons children are watching today often shows activities which are just meant to be funny rather having sense of reality. Eighteen of them think that cartoons can creat false sense of reality. Ten of them thinks that watching cartoons can make children violent. 13 | P a g e .

etc provided them with entertainment and excitement. Max Payne. which were missing to a great extent in the other type of cartoons mentioned.I JOE .12% had no opinion. Among the parents fifty four percent of them voted that their children are watching violent cartoons nowadays which is not appropriate for a child. they answered games like Dragon Ball Z . 14 | P a g e . As the children were asked why they preferred violent cartoons other than non violent ones.Impact of cartoon shows on children cartoon that children are watching today 12% 34% more craetive Not appropiate for a child nd violent 54% No opinion . Thirty four percent of them thinks that watching cartoon make their children creative. G.

Here we can see sixty threee percent respondent said that cartoons have negetive impacts on children and they cannot concentrate on studies due to the cartoon. Here maximum proporton of people supported the negetive impacts of cartoon on children education. But another thirty seven percent people said that their children don’t face any educational problem due to watching cartoon. 15 | P a g e .Impact of cartoon shows on children Impacts on Education 37% 63% Yes. He cannot Concentrate on study No. They want to watch cartoon all the time. Cartoon Doesn't affect my children education Above graph shows percentage of the impacts of cartoon on education of the children.

If the contents are violent the children will be violent. From the last five to six years Dragon ball z. Naruto. 16 | P a g e . with varied meanings that evolved from one to another. Doraemon.D. Ph. have shown that children's TV shows contain about 20 violent acts each hour and also that children who watch a lot of television are more likely to think that the world is a mean and dangerous place. fictional violence also seems to make aggression more likely than programming without violent content (Atkin. scenes in cartoons that were considered appropriate for a general audience in the 1940s are not thought to be too brutal for today’s educated children. Cartoons are making children violent but it depends on the content of the cartoon. Cartoon is a main source of entertainment for children. Thundercats. According to Butler. Jeremy (2010). Studies by George Gerbner. These cartoons contain more violent content than the cartoons of earlier decades.Impact of cartoon shows on children Secondary data presentation and analysis A cartoon is several forms of art. There is no uncertainty that cartoon violence affects children in some way. at the University of Pennsylvania. Final fantasy etc has become much popular and attractive among children. Although violence presented as real appears to promote aggression more in adults than violence described as fictional.. Pokemon. 1983).

the availability of TV accompanied a decline in both time spend on homework and reading skills (Furu. This is because they often spend too much time on watching cartoons. This avoidance of physical activities can increase the rate of obesity among the children. 1962).Impact of cartoon shows on children Today children are concentrating more on watching cartoon and they spend a huge time of the day to watch cartoon and as a result they are not emphasizing on physical activities. it also has lessened the practice of their intellectual ability. In Japan. 17 | P a g e . Parents should be concerned about how many hours their children are spending on watching cartoons. Besides. Today’s children tend to spend less time on physical activities and study.

most respondents think to leave a restriction of time leangth and content. Today cartoon shows exposes much more viloent contents before children. From the primary research we saw that most the student who used to like violent contents in the cartoons also used to agressive at the same time. It appears that the content of the cartoons do have negative impact on the behavior of the children. Considering the contents of the cartoons of the recent years.Impact of cartoon shows on children Research findings Watching cartoons is one of the most primary activity of many children. eye.From the secondary research I found that children tends to avoid physical activities who watches cartoon for long time. Cartoons are often responsible for creating false sense of reality to the children. It is a matter of concern how many hours do they spend for cartoons and contents are being displayed. 18 | P a g e . Physiological symptoms like headache. Almost every cartoons do not have any relation to the real world from which children can actually learn something. migrane are caused for watching cartoons for long time. But nevertheless it does not seem that the behavior of children can be driven much by the content. Most of the respondents who used to watch cartoons for long time have faced impact for that. At the same time cartoon can affect the education of children.

The answer given by the respondents may not be their actual thinking or views. I have found some respondents were not spontaneous and they give wrong answers and comments.  Parents can limit the amount of time children spend watchingtelevision. Limitations The major limitations of conducting this research are the time and the sample size.Impact of cartoon shows on children Recommendation  Cartoon shows should provide educative material including consequence to the reality. Sample size of the research is only 40 people. The interviewees’ answers may be biased so that the results go in favor of them. Finally. which may not truly reflect the thinking of the whole population. This type of research needs more time and large sample size to correctly get the findings of the research. The time limitations may result in poor findings. 19 | P a g e . which resulted in taking five surveys again. which is termed as the researcher biasness. and encourage children to spend their time on sports. there may be some errors from my side.

20 | P a g e . It is certainly true that cartoon violence does not account for all the causes of children's aggression. Parents should think about how to prevent their children from the bad effects of cartoons. But the effect of cartoon violence leads these "at-risk" children to be even more aggressive than they would otherwise be. and the violent content of cartoons. worthy of our attention. entertainment is laughter but violence is not the way of doing it. All I emphasize is that the kids should be provided with quality entertainment. and it is also true that some children are a great deal more likely to be affected by television violence than others. they are likely to be the majority of aggressors. This fact makes them.Impact of cartoon shows on children Conclusion In the end I would like to conclude that by the research I didn’t mean that cartoons are not good for children. And although the group especially at risk might be a minority of viewers. and that it is these children who are likely to be potentially more aggressive anyway.

Will sitting too close to the TV. 2010.Retrieved from http://www. ruin your eyes? The Straight Dope. Cecil (1992. Cartoons. Retrieved March 24.699 Butler.uk/news/article-1159766/Cartoon-violence-makeschildren-aggressive. Television Violence: A Review of the Effects on Children of Different Ages. T. (2009).Psychological Reports. from http://www. Retrievedfrom http://www.co.html Atkin.asp 21 | P a g e .tv/eotvsection. Retrieved November 3. October 28). Nippon Hoso Kyokai:JapanBroadcasting corporation. (1983). (2003.cfm Shah.48. fromhttp://www.1981. Jefferson. 2010. reading with bad light.globalissues..html Cohen.2466/pr0. Josephson.php?entrycode=cartoons Clark. K.com/classics/a5_105. Jeremy (2010).straightdope. fromhttp://www. Behind Consumptions and Consumers.Effects of Aggressive and Pro-social Film Material on Altruistic Behavior of children. July 24).museum.Forbidden animation: censored cartoons and blacklisted animators in america.dailymail. Furu. Wendy (2010). 2004.F.org/TradeRelated/Consumption/Childr en. A.Impact of cartoon shows on children References Adams. Cartoon violence makes children more aggressive. (2004). NC: McFarland and Company. etc. (1962). Retrieved March 23.com/doi/abs/10.Television and Children’s Life: A Before-after Study.3.http://www.ca/english/resources/research_documents/r eports/violence/tv_violence_child.amsciepub.mediaawareness.48:699702. L.

Impact of cartoon shows on children Appendix 22 | P a g e .