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for the year ended 30 April 2012
Who we are
Cambridge University Press is the publishing business of the University of Cambridge, one of the world’s leading research institutions. The Press’s purpose is to further the University’s objective of advancing learning, knowledge and research. The Press’s publishing comprises some 45,000 peer-reviewed academic research and professional-development titles, over 300 research journals, school-level education, English language teaching and bible publishing. This output – from authors based in over 100 countries – is available globally: the Press has over 50 offices around the world. The Press places great emphasis on being a part of the communities it serves: researchers, teachers and learners at every level of education.
2 Chairman’s introduction 3 Chief Executive’s overview 6 Academic Publishing 10 Educational Publishing 12 English Language Teaching (ELT) 16 The Press in the Community 18 Appendices 19 Abstract of the Financial Statements 22 Awards and prizes 2011
Books to be updated
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2 Chairman’s introduction
During my three years as Chairman of the Press Syndicate, I have had the pleasure of seeing at close hand the work that the Press carries out in fulfilling its mission – and that of our University. It plays a valuable role in advancing knowledge, learning and research through its absolute commitment to academic excellence, its support for education in schools and universities of many kinds, and its truly global dissemination of knowledge. Academic and educational publishing is in a period of huge upheaval, as the profound implications of the internet continue to unfold, publishing models evolve and global competition increases. At such a moment of change, the Press’s relationship with its University is more important than ever. The Press, with more than 50 offices worldwide, is in many places the most visible face of the University. It plays a prominent role as the University looks to extend its own international reach, supporting the University’s presence with governments and others in countries like India and China. The relationship between the Press and the University – with our world-class colleagues in the research departments and with its sister organisation Cambridge Assessment – has been close and mutually supportive in the past year, and I have confidence that those relationships will continue to strengthen both the University and the Press in the years to come. I wish to thank Drs Richard Barker and Colleen McLaughlin, who have stepped down as Press Syndics after many years of service, for their outstanding work – particularly Richard’s chairing of the Audit Committee and Colleen’s role in forging closer links with the Faculty of Education and Cambridge International Examinations. We welcome new Syndics Dr Toke Aidt (economics), Professor Frank Kelly (mathematics) and Professor Sarah Worthington (law and Audit Committee), who have already brought incisive thinking and wisdom to the Syndicate’s deliberations. I will be standing down as Chairman of the Syndicate at the end of November 2012. Sir David Bell has accepted the Vice-Chancellor’s invitation to become its new Chairman, and it is exciting for me to hand over to such a distinguished and experienced publisher to lead the Syndicate into its next phase. It is fitting to end this foreword by expressing the thanks of the Press Syndicate for the ten-year tenure of Stephen Bourne, who stepped down as Chief Executive of the Press, Secretary to the Press Syndicate and University Printer at the end of April 2012 after a period of significant sales growth. Stephen’s commitment to the Press’s expansion in major developing markets has left an important legacy that will benefit the organisation for years to come. I am delighted to welcome Peter Phillips to lead the Press through the changes now underway. These changes will help us seize the opportunities and face the challenges of the next phase in the Press’s long and distinguished history.
Tony Minson Chairman of the Press Syndicate
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Chief Executive’s overview 3
Chief Executive’s overview
In the financial year to 30th April 2012, Cambridge University Press sold books, journals and other scholarly and educational media to the value of £245 million, continuing a period of unbroken sales growth that stretches back a decade. That was a significant achievement given the difficulties in the economic environment and the seismic changes which are taking place in our industry. Challenging market conditions have affected all of our publishing groups, to differing degrees. In North America, academic library budgets have been squeezed and the transition from physical to digital has accelerated. In Europe the bleak outlook for government finances has reduced spending on universities and schools in a number of countries. Market growth has slowed even in the most buoyant areas of the world, in Asia and Latin America. Nonetheless the Press has grown at an underlying 3.8%. Our aim – to advance knowledge, learning and research – depends crucially on our content representing the highest standards in its area. The quality of the Press’s published output has remained as high as any in scholarly and educational publishing. In that, the role of the Syndicate has continued to be central as it has been for centuries in reviewing all our publications to ensure they meet the standards required to carry the University’s shield. Those standards, and the breadth of the Press’s contribution, are exemplified by the publications discussed in later pages: the scholarly edition of Hemingway’s letters, teaching materials from Grammar and Beyond (for learners of English in colleges) to new mathematics courses for schools in Australia, to groundbreaking science such as Network Information Theory. The online edition of this report lists in full the 54 prizes won by our academic book output – too many to be listed in detail in the print version. The nature of our products is changing as the opportunities of digital media expand. Sales of our digital products have grown by more than 50% in the last year. Our leading digital and blended English language course Touchstone has continued its high growth with new adoptions by major institutions on several continents. We have also seen rapidly accelerating take up of Cambridge Books Online, our largest digital platform for academic books. Digital delivery often means that different aspects of quality of service become important alongside the quality of content, which increases customers’ expectations. The Press has put significant effort into ensuring that those aspects of its provision match its academic excellence, and the feedback from customers shows it is bearing fruit. The Press benefits hugely from its relationships within our University. In the last year, we have received considerable support from scholars around the University in a large-scale review of our academic publishing, and developed deeper partnerships with a number of departments. The launch of a family of major open access journals in mathematics is just one example of a wide range of new initiatives. Our relationship with our sister organisation Cambridge Assessment has moved to a new level of collaboration, resulting in joint Cambridge English branding, joint product development and a joint exam preparation unit, which has already grown rapidly since it launched in August 2011. Focus on what we do distinctively well has led to the Press looking afresh at many aspects of its operations. We reorganised our
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4 Chief Executive’s overview
Focus on what we do distinctively well has led to the Press looking afresh at many aspects of its operations.
Members of the new Press Board
publishing globally into three main groups to ensure our decisions are joined up and we take full advantage of our resources around the world. That has helped to channel more investment into our digital products. We have divested publishing assets such as Global Grid for Learning and English360 which were less central to our success to concentrate our efforts on the areas which create the greatest impact in fulfilling the Press’s mission. As part of that process, the Press acquired Australian Academic Press, taking our list of journals to more than 300, and increased to 55% our stake in HOTmaths, the digital maths platform for schools. As book distribution becomes increasingly electronic, and digital printing makes it ever easier to print shorter runs or on-demand close to customers, our need for large distribution and printing facilities of our own has receded. That has meant re-evaluating some longstanding aspects of how the Press works. As a result we transferred our UK logistics operations to DHL and, just after the end of the year on which we are reporting, our US logistics operations moved to Ingram’s facilities in Tennessee. Our UK printing operations were acquired by MPG Books Group, bringing to a close more than four centuries of printing by the University Press but preserving the tradition of academic printing close to Cambridge along with the vast majority of jobs for our printing colleagues. Those shifts in distribution and manufacturing are already helping us to deliver what customers want faster, more flexibly and more efficiently. The smooth management of these significant changes owed a huge amount to the professionalism of the colleagues who were affected and the Press owes them its gratitude. The Press’s financial and operational systems and processes, which developed at different times and in diverse ways around the globe, need to change significantly to meet the demands of a global digital publisher. During the year, we have laid the ground for the implementation of new integrated information systems covering finance, purchasing and ordering. The appointment of Andrew Chandler as our new Chief Financial Officer has led to a globally coordinated approach to the finance function that is more aligned to the Press’s evolving requirements. In the coming year, the first of the Press’s financial systems will move to a new SAP platform, the start of a multi-year programme which will roll out common systems and processes across the organisation. The refocusing and restructuring of the Press’s operations, the rapid introduction of new digital products and delivery platforms, and the replacement of our back-office systems all represent a hugely ambitious programme of change, particularly at a time of fragility in the world economy. Responsiveness to the changing environment is critical to our strategy. It requires significant initial investment and has reduced our surplus in 2011/12. Nonetheless it lays essential foundations for our future efficiency and effectiveness. That really matters, even though the Press is not a purely commercial
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Chief Executive’s overview 5
organisation and its financial performance is not an end in itself. Long-term financial success is critical to our future, as that is what will enable us to invest in increasing our contribution to advancing knowledge, learning and research in the coming decades. I became Chief Executive after the end of the year reported on in this annual report. I want to pay tribute to Stephen Bourne, who led the Press through this year and for a decade of growth, stepping down at the end of April 2012 to move into a new ambassadorial role as the organisation’s President. Stephen has been exceptional in many ways: his commitment to making the Press a force in the developing world; his particular passion for developing long-term relationships in China; and his warmth and humanity. I am grateful for the support he has given me and to so many colleagues, collaborators and customers around the world. The Press Board, our senior management team, has changed markedly over the year. The organisation owes its gratitude for years of dedicated service to Chris Boughton, Andrew Brown, Andrew Gilfillan, Steven Miller and Richard Ziemacki, all of whom have stepped down from the Board in the last year – and two of whom, Andrew Brown and Steven Miller, continue in other roles at the Press. Cathy Armor, Andrew Chandler, Richard Fisher, Tony Lund, Michael Peluse, Simon Ross, Kevin Taylor and Sandra Waterhouse (née Ward) have joined the Board, and are already making important contributions to the Press’s direction and leadership. None of the Press’s many achievements would be possible without the extraordinary commitment and passion of the Press’s 2000 or so people in over 50 offices around the globe. That is demonstrated not only in their publishing work but in the way in which they contribute to our mission through their selfless work in their communities. My thanks go to all of them. Finally, I will conclude with my thanks to Professor Tony Minson who has worked tirelessly as Chairman over the last three years to support the Press’s mission while helping the organisation to modernise. His intelligence, tenacity, integrity and modesty have been hugely valued by Syndics and staff alike.
Cambridge English: a core component of expansion plans Sir David Bell becomes Chairman of the Press Syndicate in late 2012.
Peter Phillips Chief Executive Officer
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6 Academic Publishing
Cambridge University’ Press’s Academic publishing delivers a core component of the University of Cambridge’s mission, advancing the dissemination of research and learning at the highest scholarly levels, worldwide. Its output is available in multiple electronic, print and hybrid formats. It operates within a global network of relationships with authors and learned societies. Quality assurance of the editorial programme, constantly validated by the Press Syndicate, remains among the most robust of any scholarly publisher anywhere in the world.
Success for the Press’s Academic publishing in recent years has depended on responsiveness to customer and channel demands. The Press’s already outstanding Journals list expanded by 41 titles, while we were able to renew publishing agreements with worldleading scholarly societies such as the American Political Science Association. Book output remained high in 2011–2012, across a wide spectrum of disciplines. Almost all new publishing is now routinely available in online and other digital formats, and digital technology is harnessed both for the manufacture of new publications and the maintenance in print of earlier output. In the course of the year the Press initiated a coordinated review of its entire journals and books publishing portfolio, closely informed not only by our own Syndicate but by scholars across the Cambridge research and teaching communities. Our aim is to ensure that the Press remains sensitive to the needs of researchers at the cutting edge of the disciplines we serve. Academic materials delivered digitally for the first time exceeded 30% of the value of the Press’s Academic output. Humanities and Social Sciences Literature, law and classics were the standard bearers for an area of the list that saw particular funding challenges in major markets. The first volume of the Letters of Ernest Hemingway, complemented neatly by the second volume of the Letters of Samuel Beckett, enjoyed major critical and commercial success. Other major scholarly works published in FY2012 included The Archimedes Palimpsest, Justin Lin
The Press is a leading publisher of booklength research in the Humanities and Social Sciences.
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Academic Publishing 7
on Demystifying the Chinese Economy, Jacques Pepin on The Origins of Aids, The Encyclopedia of Australian Architecture, The Cambridge Companion to International Law, as well as a significant number of Cambridge Histories. Perhaps the most important book commissioning initiative for the future was the establishment of the new Cambridge Social Neuroscience Series, while the acquisition of Australian Academic Publishing enhanced the Press’s presence still further in allied fields, with 19 journals. The journal Behavioral and Brain Sciences achieved an Impact Factor of 25.056, making it the top journal in the Social Science Index and number one in Biological Psychology in the Science Citation Index. Meanwhile the hybrid Open Access model ‘Cambridge Open’, which already offers authors and funding bodies the ability to publish open access articles in over 120 Cambridge journals, was augmented with lower prices available for journals in the Humanities and Social Sciences, recognising the reduced access to funding that authors have in these disciplines. Bibles Two new Bible editions in different ways reflected the Press’s historic and continuing role as a publisher of the King James (or Authorized) Version during the year in which its 400th anniversary was celebrated. The KJV Clarion Reference Edition, designed in an unusual singlecolumn format, was launched to critical acclaim; while a revision of the New Cambridge Paragraph Bible, David Norton’s updated text of the KJV, was published as an accessible personal size Bible. Science, Technology and Medicine The Science, Technology and Medical (STM) publishing areas have seen the fastest migration both to new electronic formats, and – in certain disciplines at least – to Open Access publishing models. Against this backdrop, the Press’s output of new STM books declined. Major publications in medicine and the life sciences during 2011 included the 4th edition of Manning’s Introduction to Animal Behaviour and the 2nd edition of Mahadevan’s Introduction to Clinical Emergency Medicine. Reflecting older traditions within Cambridge science publishing were the 2nd edition of the European Garden Flora, published in five volumes; and perhaps the most noticed scientific publication of the group as a whole in FY2012 was a revised reissue of the memoir of Alan M. Turing, published with additional material, to coincide with the centenary of the great mathematician and codebreaker’s birth. The Press’s position as the leading publisher in Earth and atmospheric sciences was again underlined at the textbook level by William Marsh and Martin Kaufman on Physical Geography, and by another collaboration with the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, M. Renewable Energy Sources and Climate Change AlAn nse pish se an im vement.’ in 2012 Mitigation. In maths and physics, with ie rpublishing racte inst all ach a h c ble ga , lova y proof a e did pered of that h e felt was headed by Principles Statistics by Sir est Applied rt n-tem nd a mod comfo hy w ‘an eve our a cal dis degree w si m y u h h p ast of .’ lp le of in the leand e David Cox and Christl Donnelly, by h tt li d all d of t so ough rehen refuse e roll to th s added ‘He th em to app t him, and , and El udie Network Information Theory by Abbas Gamal abou much icular st not se rned ed sh e li rt c p a n p co accom ry of his fe he eone e and Young-Han Kim. ort li in the histo t som s ury, ye ‘in a sh ns in th name th cent e revelatio of the great n.’ ng f the 20 ll th w breaki launched ures o corridors tiwere e fig Two new Open Access (OA) journals th ith the st his o greate hematical ributions to nce, along w own. e th f at o nt kn scie d one n beyond m critical co widely puter scribe Nutritional ng’s ow of com ers, became ri kn t for 2012, the Journal Science and APSIPA s Tu ly en n So is de of hich hi at Ala as bare s pow velopm ce in w the who w was then th and the de height of hi olescen it e ity, de e at th 1970s. En ma co Information h an ad of his matur tio; id ig n ug ic Transactions on Signal and Processing ro su ta s an boy th evements ring’s repu germ ances of hi hi ficial gauche Tu umst cious, m, to the ac his suicide, ng, arti mputi , preco blo e sso and two major newcirc OA journals commissioned in ics, co ted. s sinc er odd to were e year c, mathemat er apprecia e rath ility began th th in m . tt es ab be Fro logi fascinat butions to ve become s matical n of hi ord mathe Turing’s life significant ha by ntri io mathematics, both involving investment and gy at co lo ic s f o o rew publ n, as hi tational bi story new fo er. The this re pu y grow th birth, riched by a has onl nce and com ring’s er bro s, is en ns and y of Tu n’s old input from the Cambridge mathematical community. intellige ntenar r many year oir by Ala veals tensio mself. the ce hi re fo mem
Behavioral and Brain Sciences became the top journal in the Social Science Index.
High-profile science books from Cambridge
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8 Academic Publishing
CJO now features a ‘Send to Kindle’ button allowing readers to access their favourite articles on a Kindle.
Services This year saw the launch of major developments to Cambridge Journals Online (CJO), which now offers Article Rental and article-level usage statistics for both open-access and other articles. We now offer mobile device twinning for CJO Mobile, which enables remote access to institutional subscriptions for registered users, whether they are accessing via wireless or a cell phone network. We have introduced a ‘Send to Kindle’ button for articles where readers can access their favourite articles just like any Kindle book or periodical. The Cambridge Journals Digital Archive (CJDA) continues to grow. This is the ‘backlist’ of all journals content, and is now over 4 million pages. CJDA was one of the first digital archives to be acquired by the Russian Ministry of Education for nationwide access to the complete archive collection. Over two-thirds of Cambridge’s journals are now indexed by Thomson Reuters, while over half (160) have an Impact Factor. Five journals occupy the number one position in their category – American Political Science Review, Behavioral and Brain Sciences (in Biological Psychology), Journal of Economic History, Microscopy & Microanalysis, and World Politics. A further 13 journals received their first Impact Factor, including Expert Reviews in Molecular Medicine – 7.143, placing it at number 9 out of 111 in Medicine, Research and Experimental. The Letters of Ernest Hemingway, Volume 1: 1907–1922
With the publication, in this edition, of all the surviving letters of Ernest Hemingway (1899), readers were, for the first time, able to follow the thoughts, ideas and actions of one of the great literary figures of the twentieth century in his own words.
Published in October 2011 and edited by Sandra Spanier from Pennsylvania State University, and Robert W. Trogdon from Kent State University Ohio, this book attracted large-scale media and academic acclaim. A. Scott Berg, winner of the Pulitzer Prize, wrote: ‘This first volume is a vibrant portrait of the artist as a young man, striking all the notes that will resonate as themes in the epic life and epochal literature that lie ahead.’ Nöel Riley Fitch wrote: ‘The collected Hemingway letters will be enthusiastically welcomed by the scholarly world as well as the legions of Hemingway enthusiasts around the world. He is not only one of the most important twentiethcentury writers, but a fascinating and frank letter writer. This collection will be an invaluable addition to the world of letter.’ Charles Scribner said: ‘This Cambridge edition of all of Hemingway’s known letters is as elegant and proper a solution as one could wish to a daunting challenge: how to make this treasure available to all interested scholars and readers for generations to come.’
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Academic Publishing 9
Cambridge Journals Online (CJO)
CJO is celebrating its 15th Anniversary in 2012, Cambridge having been among the first to launch an online journals publishing service back in 1997. Since then, CJO functionality has been continually upgraded and expanded through a process of active consultation with all customer groups, including scholars and researchers, librarians, and of course the learned societies with whom we collaborate.
Library systems enable readers to find and link to journals content and are therefore critical to any journals publishing business. In 2012 we have refined the provision of Cambridge data into these systems, ensuring that it conforms to industry standards and maximises the usage of Cambridge journals by key customers. Other developments have improved the quality of usage statistics for libraries and introduced sophisticated new access control technology. Also from 2012 learned societies and editorial boards can benefit from enhanced membership services offerings that include membership renewals and conference registrations; and for the Materials Research Society, one of our larger partners, the Press has built a full news and content gateway at www.mrs.org/materials360/.
Cambridge Journals Online is at the core of the Press’s scientific research publishing.
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10 Educational Publishing
Cambridge University Press’s Educational publishing develops materials for teachers and learners up to the age of 19 and their teachers. It publishes books, online and other electronic products, in line with local syllabuses in Africa, South Asia, Australasia and for global qualifications such as the University of Cambridge International Examinations and International Baccalaureate.
As global educational markets have moved to embrace digital technologies, and education itself has become increasingly internationalised, the Press has brought its predominantly education businesses into a single management structure. This has allowed us to compete better, by sharing ideas, content and technology, and focusing our investments. 2011–2012 saw a record number of new titles in the Education businesses, increased digital marketing and products, and strong sales growth particularly for international examinations and in South Asia.
I Disocver contributed to fast growth in India.
First outputs of a joint research and publishing programme with Cambridge International Examinations
Local curricula India saw fast growth, with resources for the ICSE market such as I Discover, Know your Planet, Trips in Time, Fun with Creative Writing, Cambridge Grammar for Schools and Lessons for Life. The Press entered the bilingual dictionary market for the first time, publishing the Cambridge Essential English-Gujarati Dictionary. Even though full implementation of the Australian Curriculum was further delayed, the Press increased market share significantly. It continues to be a market leader in mathematics and strengthened its position further by launching three major series for the Australian Curriculum, all with optional blended bundles of print and digital material.
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Educational Publishing 11
South Africa enjoyed an excellent approval rate in the new curriculum implementation. Market share increased especially in physical science, accounting, maths literacy, geography and language courses for Setswana, Siswati and isiXhosa – a first launch into African-language course publishing. International Education Cambridge International Examinations-endorsed titles launched in the previous year strengthened the Press’s market-leading positions in a number of IGCSE subjects such as the sciences and English. Our wider partnership with CIE extends now to joint management of curriculumdevelopment programmes around the world. Two publications marked the beginning of a joint research and publication programme with Cambridge International Examinations into Bilingual Schools: Excellence in Bilingual Education: A guide for School Principals and Language Awareness in Teaching: A Toolkit for Content and Language Teachers. Following significant success with earlier International Baccalaureate publishing, thirteen new titles were published for the IB Diploma, most notably in biology, chemistry, economics, history and theory of knowledge. Digital development continues to be an important focus for the Education business. Most of our publications are now delivered with e-books, interactive digital books, apps or companion websites. Highlights of the past year included the release of further levels to the flagship maths product, HOTmaths, and the launch of a resources website for teachers providing planning, tips, enrichment, homework resources and assessment. Cambridge HOTmaths
Most of our publications are now delivered with e-books, interactive digital books, apps or companion websites.
In the last financial year Cambridge HOTmaths has more than doubled its subscriber base in Australia alone. Success is due to the harnessing of technology that frees students from a linear model of learning, and frees teachers from much of the marking, progress reporting and assessment that is time-demanding, so that they can spend more time facilitating learning.
Content is linked across year levels allowing students to revise necessary content as needed either at the teacher’s direction or independently. Brighter students can skip repetitive practice of concepts they have already grasped and move on to more challenging material. Learning can be personalized, varied and most significantly, enjoyable. 2011 saw the launch of three major mathematics courses to meet the needs of the Australian curriculum. All levels of all three series have been linked to HOTmaths through mapping documents and icons in the books that link to appropriate online content and also through the development of three new courses on the HOTmaths site that match the printed material topic by topic, lesson by lesson. We have seen sales of mathematics resources for secondary schools skyrocket with the release of product bundles of books packaged with HOTmaths activation codes.
Cambridge HOTmaths delivered to a tablet
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12 English Language Teaching (ELT)
English Language Teaching (ELT)
The English language is ever more central in the intellectual and professional lives of adults and children around the world. The Press serves the needs of teachers, institutions, researchers and learners with high-quality content, tailored to specific needs. The main publishing centres are in Cambridge and New York, working ever more closely with Cambridge Assessment, and supported by regional publishing in mainland Europe and Asia.
The basis of Cambridge’s ELT publishing remains rigorous research: our materials reflect a deep understanding of the English language, its learners and their learning processes. And both the materials themselves and our growing service capability are constructed around effectiveness in classroom practice. Adult The Press consolidated its position as the leading publisher of American English courses for adult learners with the publication of Four Corners, written around the Common European Framework of Reference. Meanwhile, Touchstone Blended Learning demonstrably improves learning outcomes for students both in class and working online, and was made available for large institutional clients in adapted versions across the world, from Asia to Latin America and the Middle East. For many users, the materials are aimed to introduce English as a medium of study, so the Press has built a lively programme of publishing in academic skills areas. For customers in Europe, the major classroom-oriented publication was the second edition of face2face, supported by a range of materials in professional English. But perhaps the highestprofile publishing event of the ELT year was that of the fourth edition of Raymond Murphy’s English Grammar in Use, the world’s leading grammar book for 25 years and now also available online and as an app. In recognition of his contribution to English Language Teaching, Ray Murphy was given an honorary degree by the University of Cambridge. The Press’s commitment to ELT teacher training, always substantial, stepped up a notch with two key collaborations with Cambridge Assessment, TKT Online, in tandem with the second print edition of the Press’s Teaching Knowledge Test Course and the web service Cambridge English Teacher. Penny Ur’s A Course in English Language Teaching saw its second edition, and the Press published an array of cutting-edge research in applied linguistics.
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English Language Teaching (ELT) 13
Schools and Young Learners School-age learners represent the largest potential market, and the area with greatest opportunity for growth. Existing products such as Kid’s Box continue at the core of the Press’s presence in this important area. Collaborations with major educational institutions and local publishers, in Spain, Brazil and elsewhere, have also become a major feature of our publishing for younger learners. New schools courses included: American English in Mind, American More! Six-Level Edition, English in Mind second edition, Interactive, Super Minds, The English Ladder and Your Space. A Little Trouble in Dublin and Dragon’s Eggs were awarded prizes in the international Language Learner Literature Awards (LLLAs) for graded readers. Publishing Aligned with Assessment The Press has been a partner over many years with the University of Cambridge ESOL Examinations in publishing materials for examination preparation. 2011–12 saw a step change in the level of energy devoted to that partnership: the Press now has a formal joint publishing unit with Cambridge ESOL, a professional-development website, Cambridge English Teacher, and the two organisations jointly offer curriculum, learning and assessment solutions for ministries of education, under the new, shared logo ‘Cambridge English’. Formative assessment, integrated with teaching materials, is expected to be a major driver of growth in years to come.
Formative assessment, integrated with teaching materials, is expected to be a major driver of growth in years to come.
Cambridge English publishing aligned with assessment
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14 English Language Teaching (ELT)
Cambridge English Teacher: tens of thousands of subscribers within months of launch
Cambridge English Teacher
The Cambridge English Teacher (CET) web-based service represents an example of how we respond to our users’ needs and wants in designing our products.
Since the launch of CET in March 2012, a number of surveys and focus groups have taken place with members and guests to ensure that the next stages of development are in line with our customers’ needs. Three “virtual” focus groups were conducted using conferencing software, and one face-to-face group was used to gather feedback about the usability of the current site and some proposed design changes. Teachers from India, China, Russia, Italy and France, the USA and the UK contributed. The feedback from these sessions directly influenced the design concepts and user journey change proposals. Two large surveys of members were undertaken related to new features planned for future releases, and the planning process for new projects routinely includes user-survey feedback review. This includes utilising the network of partners and contacts across the Press and Cambridge ESOL, so that input from potential institutional clients is available at key stages during development planning.
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English Language Teaching (ELT) 15
Touchstone Blended Learning
Touchstone Blended has been published in multiple client- and country-specific editions.
Perhaps the most ambitious was the version developed for and with the Anadolu Üniversitesi (distance-learning university) of Turkey. Impact studies were commissioned from the beginning of the process, in collaboration with the client institution; the Press provided study plans and learning instructions in Turkish for the hundreds of thousands of learners working from home; and now that the course has been fully rolled out across the country, the Press’s research skills are being harnessed in a joint working party with the Anadolu Üniversitesi to develop the next generation of the product.
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16 The Press in the Community
The Press in the Community
If the Press’s mission is to serve communities of learners, educators and researchers, it fulfils that mission not only by selling books and journals. Our concept of good citizenship extends to involvement in preparing children for the world of work, and lowering barriers to achievement at every level of education.
Community Engagement in Education The Press was the lead partner in its home city of Cambridge in a national programme called ‘Business Class’, which aims to establish long-term partnerships between schools and businesses, with a particular focus on ‘work aspiration’ in those local schools that can most benefit from exposing their learners to working role models. The programme uses a model devised by Business in the Community. The volunteer programme in Cambridge involved almost a quarter of the UK workforce, who gave more than 1300 hours to local schools and environmental programmes. The Press in Cambridge has also supported with money and volunteer time non-traditional educational interventions. Staff are free to nominate educational charities for help, and in 2011–2012 over £50,000 was made available through this route. Our principal nominated charity, Romsey Mill, works locally to overcome disadvantage and promote social inclusion for young people, children and families. The total given by staff to various charities through Give As You Earn amounted to £13,472. For the sixth year running, Press staff, friends and family had a big presence at the annual Bridge the Gap charity walk through Cambridge city centre, with 156 people taking part. In Africa staff joined millions of South Africans in celebrating Nelson Mandela’s 93rd birthday by giving food to Cape Town’s poor. The Press celebrated its third year as partner with CIDA Empowerment Fund (CEF), whose sole objective is to deliver quality education to economically and socially disadvantaged black South Africans. The Press gives 25.1% of its profits to CIDA, which goes towards CIDA students attaining business degrees. Staff also supported children from their adopted farm schools in Robertson, Western Cape, with shoes, clothes and Christmas presents. The Cambridge Excellence Award continued in Cameroon, a competition which has changed the lives of nearly 200 students and their families over the past three years. In India the Press has been partnering with Make a Difference (MAD) since 2010 to bring high quality English learning materials to the poorest children. MAD, a youth volunteer network providing
Press staff lead school learners developing a publishing business plan.
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The Press in the Community 17
quality education to children living in orphanages and street shelters, was started by a group of college students and now has a teacher network of over 800 college students and young professionals. The Press supports MAD by supplying the books at close to cost price for an India reprint. Press author Andrew Littlejohn has provided teacher training, consulting on curriculum development and developing test materials. 3500 children have benefitted from the programme since the Press joined. Environment Good environmental practice is at the heart of the Press’s commitment to being a responsible member of the community. Impressive reductions were achieved in energy use and the amount of landfill waste on our main sites in Cambridge. Total carbon emissions here decreased by 10% compared to the previous reporting year, to 5132 tonnes CO2 equivalent. The Press has laid a gas pipeline onto the Shaftesbury Road site and the resultant switch from gas oil to gas should support significant further reductions for the next two years. Our goal is to continue reducing our carbon emissions by an average of 2.5% annually. A Conservation Area was opened on the Cambridge site, developed in collaboration with the local Wildlife Trust and using staff volunteer labour, to provide a ‘Living Landscape’, a space where wildlife can thrive in increasingly urbanised surroundings. One year after the area opened, it has become a successful wildlife corridor, with a wide array of sightings including deer, bats, butterflies, birds, shrews and badgers. This work resulted in Press volunteers winning the Wildlife Gardening at Work award from The Wildlife Trust as well as being ‘Highly Commended’ for a Business in the Community Business Team Volunteering award.
LEFT: CIDA, in South Africa, offers access to higher education to disadvantaged young people who would not otherwise be able to afford it. RIGHT: Indian children learn with Make A Difference.
The Conservation Area in Cambridge
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Statute J of the University of Cambridge: The University Press
1. There shall be in the University a University Press which shall be devoted to printing and publishing in the furtherance of the acquisition, advancement, conservation, and dissemination of knowledge in all subjects; to the advancement of education, religion, learning, and research; and to the advancement of literature and good letters. 2. There shall be in the University a Press Syndicate. The management of the finance, property, and affairs generally of the University Press shall be the responsibility of the Press Syndicate which shall exercise in relation thereto all the powers of the University except in so far as the Statutes and Ordinances expressly or by necessary implication provide otherwise. The Press Syndicate shall consist of the Vice-Chancellor or a duly appointed deputy as Chairman and such number of members of the Senate appointed in such manner as shall be determined from time to time by Ordinance. 3. The Press Syndicate shall have power in the name of the University and for the purposes of the University Press to exercise the powers in section 1 of Chapter III of Statute F. These powers shall apply to investment as well as to any other activity or function of the University Press. Save only insofar as the Statutes, Ordinances or regulations enacted under Statute J, 5 expressly or by necessary implication provide otherwise, these powers may be exercised at the absolute discretion of the Press Syndicate. 4. All income accruing to the University Press shall be credited to the accounts of the Press Syndicate and all University Press capital and income shall be controlled by the Press Syndicate and applied by them at their sole discretion for the purposes of the University Press. 5. The Council shall have authority to impose limitations on the power of the Press Syndicate to enter into any financial commitments or to grant security on the property of the University Press. 6. The Press Syndicate shall have power in the name of the University to engage persons for employment in the service of the University Press, determine their salaries and pensions, and prescribe the conditions of their service. 7. Persons holding certain posts in the University Press which have been specially designated under this section by the Council on the recommendation of the Press Syndicate shall be treated as University officers for the purposes of Statute A, III, 7(b), Statute B, I, 1, Statute B, III, 6, and Statute K, 3(h). The following have been specially designated under this section: the Secretary of the Press Syndicate, Directors, Associate Directors, Senior Editors, and Senior Managers of the Press. 8. The accounts of the University Press shall be audited annually by one or more qualified accountants appointed by the Council. The Council shall in every year appoint one or more persons from among the members of the Finance Committee, who shall examine these accounts, confer with the auditor or auditors, and report to the Council. 9. There shall be a Press Seal, as a seal of the University to be used on the directions of the Press Syndicate in matters relating to the affairs of the University Press; but the existence of the Press Seal shall not invalidate the use in connection with such matters of any other seal of the University. The University shall have power to make Ordinances concerning the custody and affixing of the Press Seal. 10. The Press Syndicate shall have power to delegate any of their powers under this Statute subject to any limitations imposed by Ordinance. 11. The term property of the University Press here and elsewhere in Statutes and Ordinances shall refer to property of the University, both real and personal, held or used for the purposes of the University Press. In favour of any person having dealings with the University Press a certificate signed by the Registrary that any particular property is the property of the University Press, or that any limitations imposed under Statute J, 5 have been complied with, shall be conclusive. 12. The Press Syndicate shall make an Annual Report to the Council, which shall be published to the University either as a whole or in summary. 13. Notwithstanding the provisions of the foregoing sections, the Council shall have power in circumstances which the Council deems to be exceptional, on the advice of its Finance Committee, to discharge the Press Syndicate, and to assume full responsibility itself for the management of the Press for the time being. If the Council has occasion to exercise the powers available under this section, the Council shall make a full report to the University on the circumstances necessitating such action.
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Abstract of the Financial Statements 19
Abstract of the Financial Statements
The Members of the Press Syndicate are pleased to present the following abstract of the financial statements of the Press for the year ended 30 April 2012. The Press Syndicate Members of the Press Syndicate who served during the twelve months ended 30 April 2012 and up until the date of approval of these financial abstracts, unless otherwise stated, were as follows: Professor Tony Minson, Chairman (Publishing, Finance and Remuneration Committees) Dr Toke Aidt, appointed 1 May 2011 (Publishing Committee) Dr Richard Barker, resigned 1 October 2012 (Audit Committee) Sir David Bell (Finance and Remuneration Committees) Dr Jean Chothia (Publishing Committee) Professor Cathie Clarke (Publishing Committee) Professor Tim Cox (Publishing Committee) Dr Tim Harper (Publishing Committee) Professor Frank Kelly, appointed 1 June 2011 (Publishing Committee) Professor David Ibbetson (Publishing Committee) Professor Tom Körner, resigned 1 June 2011 (Publishing Committee) Dr Joan Lasenby (Publishing Committee) Professor David McKitterick (Publishing and Finance Committees) Dr Colleen McLaughlin, resigned 1 October 2012 (Publishing Committee) Professor John Morrill (Publishing Committee) Mr Andrew Reid, University Director of Finance (Finance Committee) Dr Nigel Richardson (Publishing Committee) Dr David Runciman (Publishing and Finance Committees) Mr Stan Webster, OBE (Finance and Remuneration Committees) Professor Sarah Worthington, appointed 1 October 2012 (Chairman of Audit Committee) Co-optees Co-opted (non-Syndic, non-executive) members of Syndicate committees in the same period were as follows: Professor Ron Carter, MBE (Publishing Committee) Mrs Sherry Coutu (Finance Committee) Mr Jim Potter, MBE (Audit Committee) Mr Nick Temple (Audit Committee) Dr Jo Whitehead (Finance Committee) Mrs Joanna Womack (Audit Committee)
Executives Executive members of Syndicate committees in the period were as follows: Mr Stephen Bourne (Publishing and Finance Committees) Dr Andrew Brown (Publishing Committee) Mr Andrew Chandler (Finance Committee) Mr Richard Fisher (Publishing Committee) Mr Michael Peluse (Publishing Committee) Mr Steve Miller (Finance Committee) Mr Peter Phillips (Publishing and Finance Committees) Mrs Hanri Pieterse (Publishing Committee) Mr Simon Ross (Publishing Committee) Mr Kevin Taylor (Publishing Committee) The Secretary of the Press Syndicate up to 30 April 2012 was Mr Stephen Bourne.
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20 Abstract of the Financial Statements
Syndics’ Statement The non-statutory abstracts of the financial statements presented on page 21 are not the full financial statements but a summary of information derived from the Consolidated Statement of Financial Activities and the Consolidated Balance Sheet of Cambridge University Press for the year ended 30 April 2012. Cambridge University Press is not subject to any legal requirement to prepare annual financial statements or for them to be audited. However, under Statute J of the University of Cambridge the Syndics are responsible for preparing annual accounts and for having these audited. The Syndics have elected to prepare the financial statements in accordance with the requirements of Statement of Recommended Practice: Accounting and Reporting by Charities (revised 2005). The financial statements from which the summarised non-statutory abstracts are derived, were approved by the Syndics on 2 November 2012. The independent auditors’ report on the financial statements was unqualified. The financial statements are available on request from Cambridge University Press, University Printing House, Shaftesbury Road, Cambridge CB2 8BS.
requirements of Statement of Recommended Practice: Accounting and Reporting for Charities (revised 2005). This statement, including the opinion, has been prepared for and only for the Syndics of Cambridge University Press as a body in accordance with the Statement of Recommended Practice: Accounting and Reporting for Charities (revised 2005) to discharge its responsibilities under Statute J of the University of Cambridge and for no other purpose. We do not, in giving this opinion, accept or assume responsibility for any other purpose or to any other person to whom this statement is shown or into whose hands it may come save where expressly agreed by our prior consent in writing. We conducted our work in accordance with Bulletin 2008/3 issued by the Auditing Practices Board. Our report on the consolidated annual financial statements of Cambridge University Press describes the basis of our audit opinion on those financial statements. Opinion In our opinion the non-statutory abstracts of the financial statements are consistent with the consolidated annual financial statements of Cambridge University Press for the year ended 30 April 2012 and comply with the relevant requirements of Statement of Recommended Practice: Accounting and Reporting for Charities (revised 2005).
Tony Minson Chairman of the Press Syndicate Independent auditors’ statement to the Syndics of Cambridge University Press We have examined the non-statutory abstracts of the financial statements which comprise the Abstract of the Consolidated Statement of Financial Activities and the Consolidated Balance Sheet set out on page 21. Respective responsibilities of Syndics and auditors The Syndics are responsible, under Statute J of the University of Cambridge, for preparing the Cambridge University Press Annual Report for the year ended 30 April 2012 (‘Annual Report’) including the non-statutory abstracts of the financial statements. The Syndics have elected to prepare these non-statutory abstracts of the financial statements in accordance with relevant requirements of Statement of Recommended Practice: Accounting and Reporting for Charities (revised 2005). Our responsibility is to report to you our opinion on the consistency of the non-statutory abstracts of the financial statements within the Annual Report with the consolidated annual financial statements, and their compliance with the relevant PricewaterhouseCoopers LLP Chartered Accountants and Statutory Auditors Cambridge 7 November 2012 Notes a) The maintenance and integrity of the Cambridge University Press web site is the responsibility of the trustees; the work carried out by the auditors does not involve consideration of these matters and, accordingly, the auditors accept no responsibility for any changes that may have occurred to the summarised non-statutory financial statements since they were initially presented on the web site. b) Legislation in the United Kingdom governing the preparation and dissemination of financial statements may differ from legislation in other jurisdictions.
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Abstract of the Financial Statements 21
Abstract of Consolidated Statement of Financial Activities for the year ended 30 April 2012
2012 £’m 2011 £’m
Incoming resources from charitable activities Net incoming resources before transfers, tax and minority interests Taxation Attributable to minority interests Net incoming resources before other recognised gains and losses Other recognised gains and losses Actuarial (loss)/gain on post-retirement benefits Currency translation gain/(loss) Net movement in funds
245.0 3.4 (2.5) (0.8) 0.1 (12.7) 0.2 (12.4)
236.0 7.1 (1.0) (0.3) 5.8 8.3 (2.1) 12.0
Consolidated Balance Sheet at 30 April 2012
2012 £’m 2011 £’m
Fixed Assets Intangible fixed assets Tangible assets Investment in joint ventures Current Assets Pre-publication costs Stocks Debtors Cash at bank and in hand Creditors: amounts falling due within one year Net current assets Total assets less current liabilities Creditors: amounts falling due after more than one year Net assets excluding post-retirement liabilities Defined benefit pension scheme liability – funded Other post-retirement benefits liability – unfunded Net assets Funds General (unrestricted) Pension and other post-retirement benefit reserve Minority interest 127.8 (102.6) 1.5 26.7 128.0 (89.6) 1.5 39.9 30.6 25.7 72.1 27.9 156.3 (81.9) 74.4 131.6 (2.3) 129.3 (82.1) (20.5) 26.7 28.6 27.3 70.4 24.7 151.0 (69.2) 81.8 133.9 (4.4) 129.5 (73.7) (15.9) 39.9 4.7 52.3 0.2 57.2 2.2 50.7 (0.8) 52.1
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22 Awards and prizes 2011
Awards and prizes 2011
Janet Afary: Sexual Politics in Modern Iran, winner of the British–Kuwait Friendship Society Prize 2010 Dimitra Andrianou, The Furniture and Furnishings of Ancient Greek Houses and Tombs, winner of the 2011 Olga Tsakatika-Despotopoulou Prize from the Academy of Athens Séverine Autesserre, The Trouble with the Congo: Local Violence and the Failure of International Peacebuilding, winner of the Chadwick Alger Prize 2010 and the 2012 Grawemeyer Award for Ideas Improving World Order Jack Barbalet, Weber, Passion and Profits: ‘The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism’ in Context, winner of the 2010 Stephen Crook Memorial Prize of the Australian Sociological Association Sarah Biddulph, Legal Reform and Administrative Detention Powers in China, winner of the 2011 Woodward Medal in Humanities and Social Sciences Monica Black, Death in Berlin: From Weimar to Divided Germany, winner of the 2010 Fraenkel Prize in Contemporary History (Category B), The Wiener Library Hale Bradt, Astrophysics Processes: The Physics of Astronomical Phenomena, winner of the 2011 Chambliss Astronomical Writing Award for an academic book Jutta Brunnée and Stephen J. Toope, Legitimacy and Legality in International Law: An International Account, winner of the 2011 Certificate of Merit, American Society of International Law and winner of the ASIL Creative Scholarship Award 2011 Luis Cabrera, The Practice of Global Citizenship, winner of the 2011 Yale H. Ferguson Book Award, International Studies Association, Northeast Michael Cook, The New Cambridge History of Islam, 6 vols., winner of the Waldo G. Leland Prize, The American Historical Association Simon J. Cook, The Intellectual Foundations of Alfred Marshall’s Economic Science: A Rounded Globe of Knowledge, winner of the 2011 ESHET Best Monograph Award Michael R. Ebner, Ordinary Violence in Mussolini’s Italy, winner of the Helen & Howard R. Marraro Prize, The American Historical Association Hilary Earl, The Nuremberg SS-Einsatzgruppen Trial, 1945–1958: Atrocity, Law, and History, winner of the 2010 Hans Rosenberg Book Prize from the Conference Group for Central European History Paul Eggert: Securing the Past: Conservation in Art, Architecture and Literature, winner of the 2011 Finneran Award from the Society for Textual Scholarship Roger Freitas, Portrait of a Castrato: Politics, Patronage, and Music in the Life of Atto Melani, winner of the Philip Brett Award 2010 Anne T. Gallagher, The International Law of Human Trafficking, winner of the 2011 Honorable Mention in a specialized area of International Law, American Society of International Law Giuseppe Gerbino, Music and the Myth of Arcadia in Renaissance Italy, winner of the Lewis Lockwood Award 2010 Daniel W. Graham, The Texts of Early Greek Philosophy: The Complete Fragments and Selected Testimonies of the Major Presocratics, has won A Times Literary Supplement Book of the Year 2010. Richard S. Hallam, Virtual Selves, Real Persons: A Dialogue across Disciplines, winner of the Media Ecology Association 2011 Erving Goffman Award for Outstanding Scholarship in the Ecology of Social Interaction Richard P. Hiskes, The Human Right to a Green Future, co-winner of the 2010 Human Rights Best Book Award, American Political Science Association Jane Humphries, Childhood and Child Labour in the British Industrial Revolution, winner of the 2011 Gyorgi Ranki Biennial Prize in European Economic History, Economic History Association Arnold Hunt, The Art of Hearing: English Preachers and their Audiences, 1590–1640, winner of the Royal Historical Society Whitfield Book Prize 2011 Christine Jojarth, Crime, War, and Global Trafficking: Designing International Cooperation, co-winner of the 2009 Furniss Award Avery Kolers, Land, Conflict, and Justice: A Political Theory of Territory, winner of the Canadian Philosophical Association Biennial Book Prize 2011
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Awards and prizes 2011 23
Jonathan Kregor, Liszt as Transcriber, winner of the Alan Walker Book Award of the American Liszt Society 2010 Anna Krylova, Soviet Women in Combat: A History of Violence on the Eastern Front, winner of the Herbert Baxter Adams Prize, The American Historical Association Annette Landgraf and David Vickers, The Cambridge Handel Encyclopedia, has won A Times Literary Supplement Book of the Year 2010. Robert Leonard, Von Neumann, Morgenstern, and the Creation of Game Theory: From Chess to Social Science, 1900–1960, winner of the History of Economics Society Joseph J. Spengler Book Prize 2011 Howard Louthan, Converting Bohemia: Force and Persuasion in the Catholic Reformation, winner of the 2011 Czechoslovak Studies Association Book Prize Christopher Marsh. Music and Society in Early Modern England, winner of the 2011 Ratcliff Prize James McGuire and James Quinn, Dictionary of Irish Biography: From the Earliest Times to the Year 2002: the online version of the Dictionary of Irish Biography was ‘highly commended’ at the Information Services Group awards ceremony, 12 November 2010. Josie McLellan, Love in the Time of Communism: Intimacy and Sexuality in the GDR, winner of the 2011 Fraenkel Prize in Contemporary History, The Wiener Library Alan Mikhail, Nature and Empire in Ottoman Egypt: An Environmental History, winner of the 2011 Samuel and Ronnie Heyman Prize for Outstanding Scholarly Publication, Yale University John F. Miller, Apollo, Augustus, and the Poets, winner of the American Philological Association’s 2010 Goodwin Award Shadi Mokhtari, After Abu Ghraib: Exploring Human Rights in America and the Middle East, co-winner of the 2010 Human Rights Best Book Award, American Political Science Association Sarah Mortimer, Reason and Religion in the English Revolution: The Challenge of Socinianism, winner of the Journal of the History of Ideas Forkosch Prize, 2011 Rebecca B. Morton and Kenneth C. Williams, Experimental Political Science and the Study of Causality: From Nature to the Lab, winner of the
2011 Best Book Award from the Experimental Research section of the American Political Science Association Lara Nettelfield, Courting Democracy in Bosnia and Herzegovina, winner of the Marshall Shulman Book Prize, Association for Slavic, East European, and Eurasian Studies Peter Newell and Matthew Paterson, Climate Capitalism: Global Warming and the Transformation of the Global Economy, runner-up for the ISA Harold and Margaret Sprout Award 2011 and shortlisted for the BISA International Political Economy Group Book Prize 2011 Maren R. Niehoff, Jewish Exegesis and Homeric Scholarship in Alexandria, winner of a 2011 Hebrew University Polonsky Prize for Creativity and Originality in the Humanistic Disciplines G. Ugo Nwokeji, The Slave Trade and Culture in the Bight of Biafra: An African Society in the Atlantic World, winner of the 2011 Melville J. Herskovits Award from the African Studies Association Matthew Paterson, Automobile Politics: Ecology and Cultural Political Economy, winner of the BISA International Political Economy Group Book Prize 2008 Gene A. Plunka, Holocaust Drama: The Theater of Atrocity, winner of the 2010 South Central Modern Language Association (SCMLA) award for Best Book of the Year Jeremy D. Popkin, You Are All Free: The Haitian Revolution and the Abolition of Slavery, winner of the 2010 David Pinkney Prize from the Society for French Historical Studies and winner of the J. Russell Major Prize, The American Historical Association Vincent Pouliot, International Security in Practice: The Politics of NATO-Russia Diplomacy, awarded an Honorable Mention by the Lepgold Book Prize committee for best book on international relations published in 2010 and winner of the 2011 CPSA Prize in International Relations Michael A. Reynolds, Shattering Empires: The Clash and Collapse of the Ottoman and Russian Empires 1908–1918, co-winner of the George Louis Beer Prize, The American Historical Association Tom Ruys, ‘Armed Attack’ and Article 51 of the UN Charter. Evolutions in Customary Law and Practice, winner of the 2011 Francis Lieber Prize from the Lieber Society on the Law of Armed Conflict of the American Society of International Law
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24 Awards and prizes 2011
Sean Scalmer, Gandhi in the West, The Mahatma and the Rise of Radical Protest, shortlisted for the 2011 New South Wales Premiers Book Prize for General History Shalendra D. Sharma. China and India in the Age of Globalization, a winner of the 2010 AJCU (Association of Jesuit Colleges and Universities) and Alpha Sigma Nu Jesuit Book Awards, category of Professional Studies Gary D. Solis, The Law of Armed Conflict, 2011 Certificate of Merit, American Society of International Law Curt Suplee, The Plasma Universe, A Choice Outstanding Academic Title 2010 Simon Szreter and Kate Fisher, Sex Before the Sexual Revolution: Intimate Life in England 1918–1963, longlisted for the 2011 Samuel Johnson Prize for Non-Fiction Christopher Tomlins, Freedom Bound: Law, Labor, and Civic Identity in Colonizing English America, 1580–1865, winner of the 2011 John Phillip Reid Book Award of the American Society for Legal History, winner of the 2011 Hurst Prize and joint winner of the 2011 Bancroft Prize Natalie A. Zacek, Settler Society in the English Leeward Islands, 1670–1776, winner of The Royal Historical Society Gladstone History Book Prize 2011
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