”Everybody can do it!

” (ECDI)
Women who inspire Europe

The Grundtvig Partnership "Everybody can do it!" (ECDI) has been funded with support from the European Commission. This publication [communication] reflects the views only of the author, and the Commission cannot be held responsible for any use which may be made of the information contained therein.

Women who inspire Europe 2013

ECDI

Learning Partnership Grundtvig “Everybody can do it!” (ECDI)

IES JACARANDÁ (Sevilla, Spain) Pages 3-6
Mission Locale de l'Agenais, de l'Albret et du Confluent (Agen, France) Pages 7-10 “Ştefan Procopiu” High School - Vaslui (Romania) Pages 11-21

MİLLİ EĞİTİM MÜDÜRLÜĞÜ (Uşak, Turkey) Pages 22-28

SA Tõstamaa Mõis (Tõstamaa, Estonia) Pages 29-34

LEARNMERA OY (Helsinki, Finland) Pages 35-39

Accentuate (North East) Limited (Newcastle upon Tyne, United Kingdom) Pages 40-45

EUROYOUTH Portugal (Lisaboa, Portugal) Pages 46-54

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The Grundtvig Partnership "Everybody can do it!" (ECDI) has been funded with support from the European Commission. This publication [communication] reflects the views only of the author, and the Commission cannot be held responsible for any use which may be made of the information contained therein.

Women who inspire Europe 2013

ECDI

SECTION 1
Women who inspire Europe
SPAIN

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The Grundtvig Partnership "Everybody can do it!" (ECDI) has been funded with support from the European Commission. This publication [communication] reflects the views only of the author, and the Commission cannot be held responsible for any use which may be made of the information contained therein.

Women who inspire Europe 2013

ECDI

Esperanza Aguirre
Esperanza Aguirre (born 1952) is a powerful Spanish politician and the first female politician in Spanish history to have held the position of President of the Senate and the first female Minister of Education and Culture.

Ana Isabel de Palacio
Ana Isabel de Palacio is a Spanish politician. She was a member of European Parliament (1994-2002) and the Spanish Minister of Foreign Affairs (2002-2004) under the PP party.

Isabella I of Castile
Isabella I of Castile is considered one of the most powerful Spanish queens in history. Before her death in 1504, she sponsored Columbus' voyage to America, initiated the Spanish Inquisition and unified the Spanish kingdoms.

Queen Sofía of Spain
Queen Sofía of Spain is the reining queen of Spain of Greek origin. Sofia participates in many official and political acts in Spain and is a figurehead of the Spanish monarchy.

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The Grundtvig Partnership "Everybody can do it!" (ECDI) has been funded with support from the European Commission. This publication [communication] reflects the views only of the author, and the Commission cannot be held responsible for any use which may be made of the information contained therein.

Women who inspire Europe 2013

ECDI

Isabel Pantoja
Isabel Pantoja is a famous Spanish singer of Romani (Gypsy) origin. She is famous for her Andalusian singing style and presence in Spanish media.

Monserrat Caballé
Monserrat Caballé is a famous Spanish opera soprano known for a wide variety of roles.

Sara Montiel
Sara Montiel, born in 1928, is one of Spain's most famous actresses. She is well known in Europe and Latin America and continues to appear in television shows.

Penelope Cruz Sánchez
Penelope Cruz Sánchez is the most famous international Spanish actress and has won various awards including an Academy Award and Oscar for her role in Woody Allen's Vicky Cristina Barcelona.

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The Grundtvig Partnership "Everybody can do it!" (ECDI) has been funded with support from the European Commission. This publication [communication] reflects the views only of the author, and the Commission cannot be held responsible for any use which may be made of the information contained therein.

Women who inspire Europe 2013

ECDI

Dolores Ibárruri
Isidora Dolores Ibárruri Gómez (1895 – 1989), known more famously as "La Pasionaria", was a Spanish Republican leader of the Spanish Civil War and communist politician of Basque origin.

Cristina Sánchez de Pablos
Cristina Sánchez de Pablos was the first Spanish woman to make a name for herself as a professional bullfighter.

Rosario Valpuesta
Maria Rosario Valpuesta Fernández, was a Professor, Doctor of Law. She was born in Seville in 1953 and diedin Seville in 2013 at 60 years old .She was the first Andalusian woman who was at the forefront of a Chancellor, taking over in 1997 from the University Pablo de Olavide Seville. She was strongly committed on the equality of women and men, was active in various fields.

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The Grundtvig Partnership "Everybody can do it!" (ECDI) has been funded with support from the European Commission. This publication [communication] reflects the views only of the author, and the Commission cannot be held responsible for any use which may be made of the information contained therein.

Women who inspire Europe 2013

ECDI

SECTION 2
Women who inspire Europe
FRANCE

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The Grundtvig Partnership "Everybody can do it!" (ECDI) has been funded with support from the European Commission. This publication [communication] reflects the views only of the author, and the Commission cannot be held responsible for any use which may be made of the information contained therein.

Women who inspire Europe 2013

ECDI

Coco Chanel
Gabrielle "Coco" Bonheur Chanel (August 19, 1883 – January 10, 1971) was a French fashion designer and founder of the Chanel brand. She was the only fashion designer to appear on Time magazine's list of the 100 most influential people of the 20th century.

Simone de Beauvoir
Simone de Beauvoir (1908–1986), was a French writer, intellectual, existentialist philosopher, political activist, feminist, and social theorist. She had a significant influence on both feminist existentialism and feminist theory. The treatise The Second Sex – a detailed analysis of women's oppression and a foundational tract of contemporary feminism.

Marguerite Duras
Marguerite Donnadieu, known as Marguerite Duras (1914 – 1996) was a French writer and film director. She was the author of many novels, plays, films, interviews, essays and short fiction, including her best-selling

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The Grundtvig Partnership "Everybody can do it!" (ECDI) has been funded with support from the European Commission. This publication [communication] reflects the views only of the author, and the Commission cannot be held responsible for any use which may be made of the information contained therein.

Women who inspire Europe 2013

ECDI

Sarah Bernhardt
Sarah Bernhardt (1844–1923) was a French stage and early film actress, and has been referred to as "the most famous actress the world has ever known". She developed a reputation as a serious dramatic actress, earning the nickname "The Divine Sarah."

George Sand
Amantine Lucile Aurore Dupin Dudevant (1804 – 1876), best known by her pseudonym George Sand, was a French novelist and memoirist. Novels: “Indiana”, “Mauprat”, “Consuelo”.

Jeanne d'Arc
Jeanne d'Arc, (ca. 1412 – 1431), nicknamed "The Maid of Orléans" (French: La Pucelle d'Orléans), is a folk heroine of France and a Roman Catholic saint.

Catherine Deneuve
Catherine Deneuve (born 22 October 1943) is a French actress. She gained recognition for her portrayal of aloof and mysterious beauties in films such as Repulsion (1965) and Belle de jour (1967).

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The Grundtvig Partnership "Everybody can do it!" (ECDI) has been funded with support from the European Commission. This publication [communication] reflects the views only of the author, and the Commission cannot be held responsible for any use which may be made of the information contained therein.

Women who inspire Europe 2013

ECDI

Madame de Staël
Anne Louise Germaine de Staël-Holstein (1766 -1817), known as Madame de Staël, was a French woman of letters of Swiss origin whose lifetime overlapped with the events of the French Revolution and the Napoleonic era of which she was a principal opponent. Celebrated for her conversational eloquence, she participated actively in the political and intellectual life of her times.

Édith Piaf
Édith Piaf (1915 –1963) was a French singer who became widely regarded as France's national popular singer, as well as being one of France's greatest international stars. Songs: “La Vie en rose” (1946), “Non, je ne regrette rien” (1960), “Hymne à l'amour” (1949), “Milord” (1959), “La Foule” (1957).

Brigitte Bardot
Brigitte Anne-Marie Bardot (born 28 September 1934) is a French former actress, singer and fashion model, now an animal rights activist. She was one of the best known sex symbols of the 1950s and '60s. Starting in 1969, Bardot's features became the official face of Marianne (who had previously been anonymous) to represent the liberty of France.

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The Grundtvig Partnership "Everybody can do it!" (ECDI) has been funded with support from the European Commission. This publication [communication] reflects the views only of the author, and the Commission cannot be held responsible for any use which may be made of the information contained therein.

Women who inspire Europe 2013

ECDI

SECTION 3
Women who inspire Europe
Romanian Women – Number 1 in Romania and Europe

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The Grundtvig Partnership "Everybody can do it!" (ECDI) has been funded with support from the European Commission. This publication [communication] reflects the views only of the author, and the Commission cannot be held responsible for any use which may be made of the information contained therein.

Women who inspire Europe 2013

ECDI

Virginia Maria Andreescu – Haret
 Date and place of Birth: 21st June 1894, Bucharest, Romania;  Date of Death: 6th May 1962;  Known for: It was the first woman architect in the world;  Occupation: architect.

Ana Aslan
 Date and place of Birth: 1st January 1897, Braila, Romania;  Date and place of Death: 20th May 1988, Bucharest, Romania;  Occupation: doctor, specialist in gerontology, academician, director of the National Institute of Geriatrics and Gerontology;  Known for: she discovered vitamin H3 (Gerovital) and she invented the product “Aslavital”.

Clemansa Barberis – Plăcinteanu
 Date and place of Birth: 12th March 1899, Iasi, Romania;  Date and place of Death: 11th October 1986, Bucharest, Romania;  Occupation: composer, soprano, violinist, teacher of singing;  Known for: first female opera composer in Romania.

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The Grundtvig Partnership "Everybody can do it!" (ECDI) has been funded with support from the European Commission. This publication [communication] reflects the views only of the author, and the Commission cannot be held responsible for any use which may be made of the information contained therein.

Women who inspire Europe 2013

ECDI

Sarmiza Bilcescu
    Date of Birth: 27th April 1867 Date of Dead: 26th August 1935 Occupation: lawyer Known for: the first European woman ever to obtain a license and a PhD in Law from the University of Paris, and the first one in Romania to practice law. The first woman lawyer in Europe.

Smaranda Brăescu Queen Air
 Date and place of Birth: 21st May 1897, Galati, Romania;  Date of Death: 2nd February 1948;  Occupation: teacher, pilot;  Known for: first woman pilot in Romania, first woman parachutist patented in Romania.

Gabriela Chaborski
 Date and place of Birth: 14th October 1891, Barlad (Vaslui), Romania;  Date of Dead: 25th November 1936;  Occupation: lecturer of organic chemistry at the University of Bucharest;  Known for: first women lecturer in Romania.

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The Grundtvig Partnership "Everybody can do it!" (ECDI) has been funded with support from the European Commission. This publication [communication] reflects the views only of the author, and the Commission cannot be held responsible for any use which may be made of the information contained therein.

Women who inspire Europe 2013

ECDI

Nadia Comaneci
 Date and place of birth: 12th November 1961, Bacau, Romania;  Occupation: gymnast;  Known for: first gymnast ever to be awarded a perfect score of 10 in an Olympic gymnastic event (1976).

Maria Cuţarida Crătunescu
 Date and place of Birth: 10th February 1857, Calarasi, Romania;  Date of Death: November 1919;  Occupation: doctor  Known for: the first women doctor in Romania; she organized the first nursery in a factory in Romania.

Cecilia Cutescu – Storck
 Date and place of Birth: 14th March 1879, Valcea, Romania;  Date of Dead: 1969;  Occupation: painter, teacher;  Known for: the first woman teacher in art education in Europe.

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The Grundtvig Partnership "Everybody can do it!" (ECDI) has been funded with support from the European Commission. This publication [communication] reflects the views only of the author, and the Commission cannot be held responsible for any use which may be made of the information contained therein.

Women who inspire Europe 2013

ECDI

Elena Densuşianu – Puşcariu
 Date and place of birth: March 3rd, 1875, Brasov, Romania;  Date of death: 1966;  Occupation: doctor ophthalmologist, writer, painter, translator;  Known for: the first woman professor in the medical field in Romania, the first woman professor of clinical ophthalmology in the world.

Smaranda Gheorghiu
 Date and place of birth: 5th October 1857, Targoviste, Romania;  Date and place of death: 26th January 1944, Bucharest, 1944;  Occupation: writer, journalist, militant feminist movement;  Known for: the first woman who traveled to North Pole.

Aurora Gruescu
 Date and place of birth: 11th May 1914, Bacau, Romania;  Date of death: 2005;  Occupation: forestry engineer;  Known for: the world's first female forestry engineer, the first Romanian entered in the Guinness Book;  Also known as: Mrs. Romanian forest.

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The Grundtvig Partnership "Everybody can do it!" (ECDI) has been funded with support from the European Commission. This publication [communication] reflects the views only of the author, and the Commission cannot be held responsible for any use which may be made of the information contained therein.

Women who inspire Europe 2013

ECDI

Sofia Ionescu – Ogrezeanu
 Date and place of birth: 25th April 1922, Falticeni, Romania;  Date of death: 21st March 2008;  Occupation: Neurosurgeon  Known for: the first neurosurgeon woman in the world.

Teodora Angela Lefterescu
 Date and place of birth: 3rd August 1926, Suceava, Romania;  Date and place of death: 29th April 2007, Constanta, Romania;  Occupation: captain;  Known for: the first female captain long haul in Europe.

Eliza Leonida Zamfirescu
 Date and place of birth: 10th November 1887, Galati, Romania;  Date of death: 25th November 1973;  Occupation: engineer;  Known for: the first female student of the Royal Technical Academy in Berlin. The first woman engineer in Europe.

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The Grundtvig Partnership "Everybody can do it!" (ECDI) has been funded with support from the European Commission. This publication [communication] reflects the views only of the author, and the Commission cannot be held responsible for any use which may be made of the information contained therein.

Women who inspire Europe 2013

ECDI

Uca Maria Marinescu
 Date and place of birth: 15th May 1940, Harghita, Romania;  Occupation: explorer;  Known for: the first Romanian to reach the Antarctic.

Ştefania Mărăcineanu
 Date and place of birth: 18th June 1882, Bucharest, Romania;  Date of death: 1944;  Occupation: physicist  Known for: the true discoverer of artificial radioactivity.

Vera Myller
    Date of birth: 1880; Date of death: 1970; Occupation: mathematician; Known for: the first woman university professor in Romania.

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The Grundtvig Partnership "Everybody can do it!" (ECDI) has been funded with support from the European Commission. This publication [communication] reflects the views only of the author, and the Commission cannot be held responsible for any use which may be made of the information contained therein.

Women who inspire Europe 2013

ECDI

Ella Negruzzi
 Date and place of birth: 11th September 1876, Iasi, Romania;  Date and place of death: 19th December 1949, Bucharest, Romania;  Occupation: lawyer;  Known for: the first woman lawyer in Romania.

Raluca Ripan
 Date and place of birth: 27th June 1894, Iasi, Romania;  Date and place of death: 5th December 1972, Cluj-Napoca, Romania;  Occupation: chemist;  Known for: the first woman dean of Romania.

Maria Rosetti
 Date and place of birth: 1820, Anglia;  Date and place of death:  Known for: the first woman journalist in Romania.

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The Grundtvig Partnership "Everybody can do it!" (ECDI) has been funded with support from the European Commission. This publication [communication] reflects the views only of the author, and the Commission cannot be held responsible for any use which may be made of the information contained therein.

Women who inspire Europe 2013

ECDI

Elena Stoenescu – Caragiani
 Date and place of birth: 13th May 1887, Tecuci, Romania;  Date and place of death: 29th March 1929, Bucharest, Romania;  Occupation:  Known for: the first woman aviator in Romania.

Elena Teodorini
 Date and place of birth: 25th March 1857, Craiova, Romania;  Date and place of death: 27th February 1926, Bucharest, Romania;  Occupation: soprano;  Known for: the first singer from Romania who sang in the La Scala Theater from Milano.

Maria Teohari
 Date and place of birth: 22nd April 1885, Giurgiu, Romania;  Date and place of death: 1975, Bucharest;  Occupation: astronomer, teacher of mathematics and astronomy;  Known for: the first woman astronomer in Romania.

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The Grundtvig Partnership "Everybody can do it!" (ECDI) has been funded with support from the European Commission. This publication [communication] reflects the views only of the author, and the Commission cannot be held responsible for any use which may be made of the information contained therein.

Women who inspire Europe 2013

ECDI

Marta Trancu – Rainer
 Date and place of birth: 1875, Iasi, Romania;  Date and place of death: 1950, Bucharest, Romania;  Occupation: surgeon;  Known for: the first female surgeon in Romania.

Elena Văcărescu
 Date and place of birth: 21st September 1864, Bucharest, Romania;  Date and place of death: 17th February 1946, Paris, France;  Occupation: writer;  Known for: the first woman who joined the Romanian Academy.

Iulia Haș deu
 Date and place of birth: 1869, Bucarest, Romania;  Date and place of death: 1888, Bucarest, Romania;  Occupation: writer;  Known for: is the first Romanian woman admitted to the University Sorbonne from Paris (France); she was only 16 years old.

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The Grundtvig Partnership "Everybody can do it!" (ECDI) has been funded with support from the European Commission. This publication [communication] reflects the views only of the author, and the Commission cannot be held responsible for any use which may be made of the information contained therein.

Women who inspire Europe 2013

ECDI

Huţan Viorica Elena
 Date and place of birth: 1923, Suceava, Romania;  Occupation: stewardess  Known for: is the first woman to obtain a stewardess degree in Romania.

Larisa Tudor
 Year of birth: 1990  Occupation: Romanian Army lieutenant  Known for: the only Romanian woman who graduated from West Point, the world's largest military academy.

Florica Bagdasar
 Date of birth: 1901  Occupation: doctor  Known for: Romania's first female minister and the only woman who represented Romania at the Peace Conference of 1946 in Paris.

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The Grundtvig Partnership "Everybody can do it!" (ECDI) has been funded with support from the European Commission. This publication [communication] reflects the views only of the author, and the Commission cannot be held responsible for any use which may be made of the information contained therein.

Women who inspire Europe 2013

ECDI

SECTION 4
Women who inspire Europe
Turkey

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The Grundtvig Partnership "Everybody can do it!" (ECDI) has been funded with support from the European Commission. This publication [communication] reflects the views only of the author, and the Commission cannot be held responsible for any use which may be made of the information contained therein.

Women who inspire Europe 2013

ECDI

Halide Edip Adıvar
Halide Edip Adıvar or Halide Edib Adivar (1884–1964) was a Turkish novelist and nationalist and feminist political leader. She was best known for her novels criticizing the low social status of Turkish women and what she saw as the lack of interest of most women in changing their situation.

Fatma Aliye
Fatma Aliye Topuz (1862 - 1936), aka simply Fatma Aliye or Fatma Aliye Hanım, was a Turkish novelist, columnist, essayist, women's rights activist and humanitarian. She is credited by literary circles as the first female novelist in Turkish literature and the Islamic world.

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The Grundtvig Partnership "Everybody can do it!" (ECDI) has been funded with support from the European Commission. This publication [communication] reflects the views only of the author, and the Commission cannot be held responsible for any use which may be made of the information contained therein.

Women who inspire Europe 2013

ECDI

Nezihe Muhiddin
Nezihe Muhiddin (1889 – 1958) was an Ottoman and Turkish women's rights activist, journalist, writer and political leader. She spent her life working to improve the quality of the lives of Turkish women.

Feriha Tevfik Dağ
Feriha Tevfik Dağ (maiden name: Negüz, 1910–22 April 1991) was a Turkish beauty pageant contestant and actress. She is best known for being the very first Miss Turkey (1929). She participated again in the pageant in 1932 and finished second after Keriman Halis.

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The Grundtvig Partnership "Everybody can do it!" (ECDI) has been funded with support from the European Commission. This publication [communication] reflects the views only of the author, and the Commission cannot be held responsible for any use which may be made of the information contained therein.

Women who inspire Europe 2013

ECDI

Hatı Çırpan
Hatı Çırpan (formerly Satı Kadın, 1890 - 1956) was one of the first female deputies of the Grand National Assembly of Turkey, elected in the 8 February 1935 general elections. She changed her first name, Sati, to Hatı at the request of the Atatürk who was intererested in Hatti at the time.

Tansu Penbe Çiller
Tansu Penbe Çiller (born in 1946, Istanbul) is a Turkish economist, politician and the 22nd Prime Minister of Turkey. She is Turkey's first and only female prime minister to date.

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The Grundtvig Partnership "Everybody can do it!" (ECDI) has been funded with support from the European Commission. This publication [communication] reflects the views only of the author, and the Commission cannot be held responsible for any use which may be made of the information contained therein.

Women who inspire Europe 2013

ECDI

Sabiha Gökçen
Sabiha Gökçen (1913 –2001) was a Turkish / Bosniak aviator. According to the Air University, she was the world's first female fighter pilot, and the first Turkish female combat pilot, aged 23. She was one of the eight adopted children of Mustafa Kemal Atatürk.

Müfide İlhan
Müfide İlhan (1911- 1996) was a mayor of Mersin, Turkey in the early 1950s. She is known as being the first woman mayor in Turkey.

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The Grundtvig Partnership "Everybody can do it!" (ECDI) has been funded with support from the European Commission. This publication [communication] reflects the views only of the author, and the Commission cannot be held responsible for any use which may be made of the information contained therein.

Women who inspire Europe 2013

ECDI

Gülkız Ürbül
Gülkız Ürbül (1901-1990) was the first female muhtar (villagehead) in Turkey. She later on changed her name to Gül Esin Aydın. In 1930s Gülkız Ürbül was one of the few literate village women in Turkey. n the election campaign she ran against seven male candidates and won the muhtar election.

Behice Boran
First female Turkish party leader was Behice Boran (1910-1987). A member of the Workers Party of Turkey (TİP), she was elected as the chairman of the party in 1970 and continued in this post until all the political parties were closed following the September 11, 1980 military coup.

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The Grundtvig Partnership "Everybody can do it!" (ECDI) has been funded with support from the European Commission. This publication [communication] reflects the views only of the author, and the Commission cannot be held responsible for any use which may be made of the information contained therein.

Women who inspire Europe 2013

ECDI

Türkân Akyol
Türkân Akyol (born October 12, 1928) is a Turkish female politician, physician and academician. She was the first female government minister and the first female university rector in Turkey.

Lale Aytaman
Dr. Lale Aytaman (born 1944) was the governor of Muğla province in Turkey from 1991 to 1995 and the first female governor of Turkey. She is well known for her engagement for the protection of the environment, cultural heritage, and promoting tourism in her region. She helped women for promoting their handicrafts.

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The Grundtvig Partnership "Everybody can do it!" (ECDI) has been funded with support from the European Commission. This publication [communication] reflects the views only of the author, and the Commission cannot be held responsible for any use which may be made of the information contained therein.

Women who inspire Europe 2013

ECDI

SECTION 5
Women who inspire Europe
Estonia

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The Grundtvig Partnership "Everybody can do it!" (ECDI) has been funded with support from the European Commission. This publication [communication] reflects the views only of the author, and the Commission cannot be held responsible for any use which may be made of the information contained therein.

Women who inspire Europe 2013

ECDI

Lydia Koidula (1843 – 1886)
Lydia Emilie Florentine Jannsen, known after her pen name Lydia Koidula was an Estonian poet. Her sobriquet means 'Lydia of the Dawn' in Estonian. It was given her by the writer Carl Robert Jakobson. She is also frequently referred to as Koidulaulik – 'Singer of the Dawn'. In Estonia, like elsewhere in Europe, writing was not considered a suitable career for a respectable young lady in the mid-nineteenth-century. Koidula's poetry and her newspaper work for her populist father, Johann Voldemar Jannsen (1819–1890) remained anonymous. In spite of this, she was a major literary figure, the founder of Estonian theatre, and closely allied to Carl Robert Jakobson (1841-1882), the influential radical and Friedrich Reinhold Kreutzwald (1803-1882), writer of the Estonian national epic, Kalevipoeg (The Son of Kalev). She was member of council of Estonian first Song Festival in 1869.

Lilli Suburg (1841 – 1923)
Lilli Suburg was an Estonian journalist, writer and first Estonia feminist. In 1882, she established a private primary school for Estonian girls in Pärnu, in 1885 she moved it to Viljandi where the number of pupils grew to 80. Lilli was Lydia Koidula’s schoolmate. Lilli Suburg Publisher first Estonian women magazine „Linda“. She is fighting with stereotypes that (older) single woman are worse than married one.

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Women who inspire Europe 2013

ECDI

Miina Härma (1864–1941)
Miina Härma was a widely-recognised Estonian composer. She was the second Estonian musician with higher education and first female composer, choirmaster and organist in Estonia. Miina Härma was popular and her concerts were full of people. She was first Estonian musician who perfomed in England, Germany and Finland. Society was soon used to see Miina Härma as an organist but then she started as choirmaster she caused a huge sensation in Estonia. Her choir was widely-recognised because it was very professional and performances perfect. Miina didn’t marry because she thought it will stop her musician career. She thought that men and women have different views to marriage: “Men live to their work; women create home to support men’s work. And this danger to lose their lives into small everyday things.”

Marianne Mikko (1961 - …)
Marianne Mikko is an Estonian politician and former Member of the European Parliament for the Social Democratic Party, part of the Party of European Socialists. Marianne Mikko was the head of the European Parliament's Commission on Cooperation with the Republic of Moldova.

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The Grundtvig Partnership "Everybody can do it!" (ECDI) has been funded with support from the European Commission. This publication [communication] reflects the views only of the author, and the Commission cannot be held responsible for any use which may be made of the information contained therein.

Women who inspire Europe 2013

ECDI

Marie Under (1883 – 1980)
Marie Under was one of the greatest Estonian poets who wrote about joy, love, whose works were full of happiness. Her latest works were more dispirited and sad. This was related the events during II World War and her escape to Sweden. Beginning in September 1944, the U.S.S.R. occupied Estonia. Under and her family fled to Sweden. They spent almost a year in a refugee camp. In 1945, the family moved to Mälarhöjden, a suburb of Stockholm, Sweden, where Under lived until her death on September 25, 1980. She is buried in the Woodland Cemetery in Stockholm. Marie Under poetry is most famous in Estonia because of its beauty, simple words, Estonian like and feminine.

Kauksi Ülle (1962 - …)
Ülle Kauksi is well-known Estonian (Võro) poet and active member of community and cultural field. She has been written lot of poetry, plays and stories in native Võru language. Recognitions:  1992 Bernard Kangro literature award  2004 Gustav Suitsu stipendium  2006 Valgetähe IV klassi teenetemärk  2008 Aasta naine /woman of a year

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The Grundtvig Partnership "Everybody can do it!" (ECDI) has been funded with support from the European Commission. This publication [communication] reflects the views only of the author, and the Commission cannot be held responsible for any use which may be made of the information contained therein.

Women who inspire Europe 2013

ECDI

Marju Lauristin (1940 - …)
Marju Lauristin is an Estonian politician and social scientist. Her father Johannes Lauristin signed away Estonia's freedom to the Soviet Union in 1940. Together with Edgar Savisaar, in 1988 Lauristin established Rahvarinne, the first large-scale independent political movement in Estonia since the beginning of the Soviet occupation. In 1990 she was deputy speaker of the Estonian parliament. From 1992 to 1994 she was the minister of Social Affairs of Estonia (Estonian Social Democratic Party/'Moderates'). Later, she was also a member of the Riigikogu, elected as a member of the People's Party Moderates. Lauristin graduated from the Tartu State University (now Tartu University) in 1966 with a degree in Journalism and Sociology of Mass Communication. In 1976, Lauristin completed her PhD studies in Journalism at Moscow University. Since 2003, Lauristin has been a professor of Social communication at Tartu University.

Reet Aus (1974 - …)
She is a fashion, theatre and film designer, Ph.D. She is keen on to develop people understanding of environmental issues and her fashion is related with the topic. She has lately presented collection Trash To Trend Upcycled Collection, the world’s first mass produced collection from production leftovers. She is a mother of three children.

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Women who inspire Europe 2013

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Erika Salumäe (1962 - …)
Erika Salumäe is an Estonian track bicycle racer who won the first Olympic gold medal for Estonia after the country regained its independence in 1991. She was born in Pärnu. She trained at VSS Kalev in Tallinn. Salumäe won gold medal in track cycling in the 1988 Summer Olympics in Seoul, competing for the USSR team and in the 1992 Summer Olympics in Barcelona, competing for Estonia. From 1981 to 1989, she won 10 gold, 3 silver, and 3 bronze medals in the World Championships. From 1982 to 1989, she set 15 world records and was elected the Best Estonian Athlete in 1983, 1984, 1987–1990, 1992, 1995, and 1996. She has been active in politics in 1996 till 2010. She is living in Spain now.

Karmen Kass (1978 - …)
Karmen Kass is one of the best known Estonian models in the world. Kass moved to Paris at the age of eighteen and soon received exposure by appearing on the covers of French and American Vogue, Australian Elle, UK Image, Madame Figaro, and French Numéro. Her career was launched by Anna Wintour and by 1999, Kass was walking the runway for designers such as Shiatzy Chen, Marc Jacobs, Michael Kors, Calvin Klein, Ralph Lauren, Donna Karan, and Dolce & Gabbana, and posing in advertisements for designers and brands like Calvin Klein, Chanel, Gucci, Donna Karan, Dsquared, Versace, Givenchy, Fendi, Max Mara, Valentino, and etc.

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Women who inspire Europe 2013

ECDI

SECTION 6
Women who inspire Europe
Finland

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The Grundtvig Partnership "Everybody can do it!" (ECDI) has been funded with support from the European Commission. This publication [communication] reflects the views only of the author, and the Commission cannot be held responsible for any use which may be made of the information contained therein.

Women who inspire Europe 2013

ECDI

Anni Sinnemäki (born 20 July 1973) is a Finnish politician and a member of the Finnish Parliament. She is a representative of the Green League. She was first elected to the parliament in 1999 and acted as the Minister for Labour from 2009 to 2011. She was elected chairwoman of the Green League in May 2009. She has been a member of the city council of Helsinki since 2004. She also studied literature and has published her own poetry. Earlier in the late 1990s, she was in a successful Finnish pop band called Ultra Bra and wrote many of their lyrics.

Tarja Turunen Cabuli (born August 17, 1977) is a Finnish singersongwriter and composer. She is well known as a professional classical lied singer but best known as the former lead vocalist of the Finnish symphonic metal band Nightwish, which she founded with other band members in 1996. Their symphonic metal style, soon dubbed "opera metal", inspired many other metal bands and singers. She was dismissed from the band in 2005 for personal reasons, and continued with a successful solo career, releasing several new albums and performing in concerts and festivals all over Europe.

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Women who inspire Europe 2013

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Tarja Kaarina Halonen (born 24 December 1943) is a Finnish lawyer who was the 11th President of Finland, serving from 2000 to 2012. The first female to hold the office, Halonen had previously been a member of the parliament from 1979 to 2000 until her election to the presidency. In addition to her political career, she had a long and extensive career in trade unions and different nongovernmental organizations.

Anna-Leena Härkönen (born
10 April 1965) is a Finnish writer and actress. She studied dram in college and started writing novels at a young age. Her debut novel Häräntappoase won an esteemed literary prize J.H. Erkko Award in 1984. Anna-Leena Härkönen lives in Helsinki and works as freelance writer; novelist and actress. She is a productive novelist with more than 20 books. Some dramatic productions, including one movie and a TV series, have been adapted based on Härkönen’s works.

37

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Women who inspire Europe 2013

ECDI
Paakkanen
(born 12 a Finnish

Kirsti

February 1929) is business manager.

Since her career as an entrepreneur in marketing – at Stockmann, different advertising agencies and leading a successful marketing agency Womenan – she bought the Finnish business Marimekko in 1991, which developed into one of the most successful Finnish textile and clothes companies under her management.

Tove Jansson (9 August 1914 – 27 June 2001) was a Swedishspeaking Finnish novelist, painter, illustrator and comic strip author. She also wrote short stories, articles and created different kinds of illustrations. She continued to work as an artist for the rest of her life, alongside her writing. Jansson is best known as the author of the Moomin books for children. The first such book, The Moomins and the Great Flood, appeared in 1945, but she became famous with the following books Comet in Moominland and Finn Family Moomintroll, published in 1946 and 1948. She also wrote six novels and five books of short stories for adults.

38

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Women who inspire Europe 2013

ECDI

Helene Schjerfbeck

(July 10, 1862 – January 23, 1946) was a well-known Finnish painter. She is most widely known for her realist works and selfportraits, and less well known for her landscapes and still lifes. Throughout her long life, her work changed dramatically.

Aino Aalto (25 January 1894 – 13 January 1949) was a Finnish architect and designer. She began studies in architecture at the Institute of Technology, Helsinki, and qualified as an architect in 1920. That same year she went to work for architect OivaKallio in Helsinki. In 1923 she moved to the city of Jyväskylä to work in the office of architect Gunnar A. Wahlroos, but the following year switched to working in the office of architect Alvar Aalto when they got married.

39

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Women who inspire Europe 2013

ECDI

SECTION 7
Women who inspire Europe
United Kingdom

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Women who inspire Europe 2013

ECDI

Malala Yousafzai foundation makes first grant Malala Yousafzai, the Pakistani schoolgirl brought to England after being shot in the head by the Taliban, has announced the first donation from her new education charity with the support of Hollywood actor Angelina Jolie. The 15-year-old set up the Malala Fund after the Taliban tried to assassinate her in October 2012 for asserting her right to go to school in her home country. Malala, who now attends Edgbaston high school for girls in Birmingham, said it was the happiest moment of her life in a video played at the Women in the World summit in New York. She spent hours undergoing major surgery at the Queen Elizabeth Hospital in Birmingham where surgeons tried to repair the damage caused by a bullet that grazed her brain. The grant of US$45,000 (£29,500) will be given to an unnamed organisation in the Swat Valley in Pakistan to support the education of 40 girls aged five to 12 who would otherwise be forced into domestic labour. The organisation, which was not named for security reasons, will offer a safe place for the girls to study as well as financial support for their families. In a video played to an audience of thousands Malala said: "Announcing the first grant of the Malala Fund is the happiest moment in my life. "I invite all of you to support the Malala Fund and let us turn the education of 40 girls into 40 million girls."

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Women who inspire Europe 2013

ECDI

Inez McCormack
Human rights activist and trade unionist who became involved in the Northern Ireland civil rights movement in the 1960s She first became involved in the trade union movement when she was suspended from her job as a social worker in west Belfast for challenging the way desperately poor people were being treated. She began campaigning to organise and revalue the work and contribution of "forgotten" workers, most of them women in low-paid jobs. Inez helped to found and was an active member of the Vital Voices global advisory network, which gives support to women challenging gender-based violence and social and economic exclusion. The network has led important campaigns to outlaw and challenge the trafficking of women.

Inez’s life and work have been portrayed in New York by Meryl Streep in the play SEVEN. The internationally acclaimed work depicts the lives of seven remarkable women leaders, as they triumph over huge obstacles to create major changes to human rights in their home countries. The triple - Oscar winning actress described herself as 'honoured to read Inez’s role’.

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Women who inspire Europe 2013

ECDI

Octavia Hill (1838 –1912)
She was an English social reformer, whose main concern was the welfare of the inhabitants of cities, especially London, in the second half of the nineteenth century. At age 14 she was working for the welfare of working-class people. Hill was a moving force behind the development of social housing. She believed in self-reliance, and made it a key part of her housing system that she and her assistants knew their tenants personally and encouraged them to better themselves.

Another of Hill's concerns was the availability of open spaces for poor people. She campaigned against development on existing suburban woodlands, and helped to save London's Hampstead Heath from being built on. She was one of the three founders of the National Trust, set up to preserve places of historic interest or natural beauty for the enjoyment of the British public. She was a founder member of the charity Family Action which organised charitable grants and pioneered a home-visiting service that formed the basis for modern social work. She was also the founder of the Army Cadet Force, giving boys from poor backgrounds an opportunity for informal learning, based on the core values of Self-Reliance, Cleanliness, Order and Discipline. 152 Years later the ACF still holds these values at the heart of its work.

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Women who inspire Europe 2013

ECDI

Mo Mowlam
Mo Mowlam was a British Labour Party politician. She was the Member of Parliament (MP) for Redcar from 1987 to 2001 and served in the Cabinet as Secretary of State for Northern Ireland, Minister for the Cabinet Office and Chancellor of the Dutchy of Lancaster. Her time as Northern Ireland Secretary saw the signing of the historic Good Friday Agreement, a major political development in the Northern Ireland peace process of the 1990s. The present constitutional status of Northern Ireland as part of the United Kingdom, and Northern Ireland's devolved system of government are based on the Agreement. The Agreement also created a number of institutions between Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland and between the Republic of Ireland and the United Kingdom. Her personal charisma, reputation for plain speaking and her fight against a brain tumour led her to be perceived by many as one of the most popular "New Labour" politicians in the UK.

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Women who inspire Europe 2013

ECDI

The power list – the 100 most influential women in the UK
http://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/b007qlvb/features/power-list-100

The Queen, Home Secretary Theresa May and Santander bank boss Ana Botin have been declared the UK's top three most powerful women in a BBC survey. A panel of judges compiled a list of the country's 100 most influential females for Radio 4's Woman's Hour. Further down were author JK Rowling at seventh and Scottish Deputy First Minister Nicola Sturgeon at 20th.One judge, journalist Eve Pollard, said the list highlighted the sectors where women were still under-represented.

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Women who inspire Europe 2013

ECDI

SECTION 8
Women who inspire Europe
Portugal

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Women who inspire Europe 2013

ECDI

Baker of Aljubarrota
Brites de Almeida, the Baker of Aljubarrota, was a legendary figure, whose name is associated with the Portuguese victory, against the Castilian forces at the battle of Aljubarrota in 1385. Her action made her a heroine celebrated by people in their traditional stories and songs.

Marquesa de Alorna
Poet, translator and Portuguese educator, she born in 1750 and died in 1839. D. Leonor de Almeida Portugal Lorraine and Lancaster, better known as Marchioness of Alorna, was author of a work still undiscovered and large letters disclosing party of new ideas coming from Europe.

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Women who inspire Europe 2013

ECDI

Antónia FerreiraFerreirinha
Speaking of port wine and Douro without talking about D. Antónia is almost impossible. She was born in Regua in 1811-1896. She was known as the "Ferreirinha", determined and courageous woman, built a huge empire during the nineteenth century through the cultivation of the land and helping the people and producing quality wine for export to all over the world.

Adelaide Cabete
She was born in 1867 in Elvas, and died in 1935. She graduated in Medicine in 1900, medical-surgical School of Lisbon. She had a humanist dimension and a social conscience and her biggest struggle and main land of action and debate was feminism. She organized in Portugal the Leagues of Good Deeds, voluntary welfare work directed by women and directed the magazine female soul. She undertook the Organization of the I Feminist Congress and Education, held in Lisbon in 1924.

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Women who inspire Europe 2013

ECDI

Florbela Espanca
Florbela Espanca was born in Vila Viçosa in 1894, being named for the beautiful name of Flor Bela Lobo, 20th June of the following year. She died in her 36th birthday, December 8, 1930. In November 1903, at the age of seven, she wrote her first poetry that there is knowledge, “Life and Death”.

Amélia Rey Colaço
Amélia Rey Colaço was born in Lisbon, 1898-1990, former stage manager and actress. She is considered the most prominent figure of the Portuguese Theatre of the 20th century; she was born into a family of artists. She married, in December 1920, with the actor Robles Monteiro. The following year, the two founded a theatre company. It will be the longestlasting of all Europe, with fiftythree years of existence — the company Rey Colaço-Robles Monteiro, headquartered at the Teatro Nacional D. Maria II and officially extinct in 1988.

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Women who inspire Europe 2013

ECDI

Ana de Castro Osório
Ana de Castro Osório was a pioneer in Portugal in the fight for equal rights between man and woman. She wrote, in 1905, “Portuguese Females”, the first Portuguese feminist manifesto. She was one of the founders of the Portuguese Group of Feminist Studies, in 1907, of the Republican League of Females, in 1909, of the Association of Feminist Propaganda, in 1912, of the women's Commission by the Motherland, in 1916. At the political level she collaborated in the elaboration of the Law of Divorce. She is considered the creator children's literature in Portugal. of

Amália Rodrigues
Amália Rodrigues was born in Lisbon in 1920 and died in the year 1999. It was originally a humble family, became known worldwide as the Queen of Fado and, consequently, because of the symbolism that this musical genre has in Portuguese culture, she was considered by many as one of its best ambassadors in the world.

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Women who inspire Europe 2013

ECDI

Sophia de Mello Breyner Andersen
Sophia de Mello Breyner Andersen was born in Porto in 1919 and died in 2004. She was one of the most important poets of the 20th century. Author of prose texts, including «Stories of land and sea», «The girl of the sea» and «The gentleman from Denmark».

Paula Rego
She was born on the 26th 1935 in Lisbon from a Republican family. At the age of 17 years she went studying to London for the Slade School of Fine Art, her work is admired worldwide has several solo exhibitions and retrospectives in museums and galleries. In 1990 she became the first artist associated with the National Gallery in London, she is one of the most acclaimed Portuguese figures worldwide.

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Women who inspire Europe 2013

ECDI

Maria de Lourdes Pintasilgo
Maria de Lourdes Ruivo da Silva Matos Pintasilgo was born in January 18, 1930 and died on July 10, 2004. Her academic formation was Chemical Engineering, Church and political leader. Was head of Government from July 1979 to January 1980 in Portuguese Republic III. After the revolution of April 25, 1974, she was named Secretary of State for Social Security and after Minister of Social Affairs between 1974 and 1975. Since 2001, becomes President of the Foundation for the Future Care designed and created by the Grail Association.

Eunice Muñoz
Eunice Muñoz was born Amareleja in July 30, 1928. in

She is a Portuguese reference actress of theatre, television and Portuguese cinema and unanimously considered one of the best Portuguese actresses of all time.

52

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Women who inspire Europe 2013

ECDI

Simone de Oliveira
Simone de Oliveira was born in Lisbon in 1938. Singer, theatre and television actress. Belgian father and English mother, she grew up in Lisbon. In 1969, she won the RTP Song Festival, with the greatest success of her career «Desfolhada Portuguesa». She lost her voice, an incident that lasted for about two years. In 2003, she publishes the book «Nobody Knows» where she recounts her fight against breast cancer.

Ana Salazar
Ana Salazar is a Portuguese fashion designer recognized internationally. She was born on July 19, 1941 in Lisbon, where she still lives. In the early 70’s in Portugal she revolved showing cutting-edge clothing at events, "fashion events", as she termed in unusual locations and to audiences of thousands of people. She was considered by national and international press as the fashion pioneer in Portugal.

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Women who inspire Europe 2013

ECDI

Rosa Mota
Rosa Maria Correia dos Santos Mota was born in Porto, in June 29, 1958, known only by Rosa Mota. She is a Portuguese athlete already out of business. She became known mainly for her performances in the marathon, being considered by many as one of the best runners of the 20th century in this specialty. She won the Olympic medal Nobre Guedes in 1981.

Joana Vasconcelos
Joana Vasconcelos was born in 1971. She lives and works in Lisbon. She is the most prestigious Portuguese plastic artist of our time. In her plays, takes ownership of everyday objects and decontextualizes them, reinventing them.

Ana Bacalhau
Ana Bacalhau is a Portuguese singer, born in 1978, in Lisbon and gain popularity within the music group “Deolinda”, of which she is the singer and a co-founder.

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