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Significance of hrm in India

With the growing importance of human resource as a success factor for each organizations, the role of HR has become more critical for India as it offers an opportunity into the global league.

The outlook to Human Resource Management in India has witnessed schange in last two decades. Economic liberalization in 1991 created competitive environment witin the country.

. As international firms entered the Indian market bringing with them innovative HR practices Indian companies were forced to adopt and implement them.

Indian companies are recognizing their responsibilities to enhance the employee’s opportunity to develop skills and abilities for full performance . Over the last decade, India's vast manpower has played an instrumental role in its economic success story. Indeed, the success of Indian companies is based or upon innovative HRM practices ..

Evolution of hrm

Scientific management
in 1911 F.W Taylor seminal work, The Principles of Scientific Management was published. The book contains : •Each part of an individuals work is analysed'scientifically'. •The most suitable person to undertake the job should be chosen' •Managers must co-operate with workers to ensurethe job is done in a scientific way

The Industrial Revolution

creating surpluses that were used for trade.•Agricultural methods were improving. Government Revolution •the governments began to feel pressure from the working class masses who started to question and defy the power of the govt. and need recognition . recruitment and selection. technical advances were also occurring. •In addition. HR as a profession •In modern business the Human Resources Management function resulted in the formation of Human resource departments/divisions in companies to handle this function. management of employee benefits . performance monitoring and appraisal. The Human Relations Movement •It argues that people are not just decision makers but have needs for creativity support. They thought the govt gave power only to the rich. •"the working class started to form trade unions to protect the rights of the individuals and improve workers' living standards. employee motivation. • These advances created a need for improved work methods. • The function is diverse and covers many facets including Manpower planning. •It boasts the confidence of the employees. industrial relations. for example the Steam Engine. productivity and quality. •It is a opposite approach to scientific management as it focuses on the individual and not the task.