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FRAGMENT A fragment is a group of words that looks like a sentence but is missing a subject, a verb, or a complete thought; therefore, it is an incomplete sentence.      With all of my other work. Because we left early. Hoping to get there on time. To change the oil. Such as English, history, and math.

GRAMMAR REVIEW

Ways to Correct a Fragment 1. Add what is missing (subject, verb, or complete thought) EX: For example, Dawn of the Dead and the Friday the 13th movies are some of my favorites. 2. Attach the fragment to the sentence before or after it EX. We got home early because we left early. I am taking several classes this semester, such as English, history, and math. 3. Add what is missing (subject, verb, or complete thought) EX: For example, Dawn of the Dead and the Friday the 13th movies are some of my favorites. 4. Attach the fragment to the sentence before or after it EX. We got home early because we left early. I am taking several classes this semester, such as English, history, and math. B. RUN- ONS A run-on is created when two complete sentences (independent clauses) are joined together incorrectly (without proper punctuation) and are written as one sentence. • There are two kinds of run-ons: – Fused sentences – Comma splices A fused sentence is created when two complete sentences are joined together without any punctuation. – Exercising is important it can keep your weight down. – I picked up my laundry then I went home. – She had a sore throat she was running a fever. A comma splice is created when two complete sentences are joined together by only a comma. – She started feeling bad on Monday, by Wednesday, she was running a high fever. – I picked up my laundry, then I went home. – His job paid well, however, he still couldn’t make ends meet. Ways to Correct a Run-On 1. Add a period  I picked up my laundry. Then I went home.  She started feeling bad on Monday. By Wednesday, she was running a high fever.  His job paid well. However, he still couldn’t make ends meet. 2. Add a semicolon  I picked up my laundry; then, I went home.  His job paid well; however, he still couldn’t make ends meet. Remember, when using a semicolon, you must follow these guidelines:  A semicolon can only be used where a period could be used.

promotes clarity and improves writing style and readability. 4. Examples:  Nancy likes playing the piano. should be placed immediately before the words they modify. only. Jumping from limb to limb. Parallelism Definition of parallelism The balance between two or more similar words. sleep.  Exercising is important because it can keep your weight down. had a shower and gone to school.  She had a sore throat. o This sentence indicates that the mother only works -. MISPLACED or DANGLING MODIFIERS A misplaced modifier is positioned in a sentence so that it is unclear which word. . There must be a complete sentence on either side of the semicolon.she does not eat. and merely. Add a comma & coordinating conjunction • Use a comma & coordinating conjunction between the two independent clauses. and she was running a fever. phrases or clauses is called parallelism in grammar. the trumpet and play the guitar.  Most semicolons are followed by a transitional word which indicates the relationship of the two sentences.  We must place the modifier before a different word so the sentence is clearly understood. Example: My mother only works on Saturdays and Sundays. or talk.   She played basketball.  She had a sore throat while she was running a fever.  REVISED: ________________________________________________________________  A modifying phrase should clearly indicate what the phrase modifies. Parallelism is also called parallel structure or parallel construction. if you already have a comma. Add a dependent word • Add a dependent word between the two independent clauses. C.  Modifying clauses should be placed near the words they modify. even. just. the spectators at the zoo were delighted by the monkeys.  The two sentences must be closely related in order to be punctuated with a semicolon. and then I went home. The librarian explains how they use the computer to do research before the class begins. D. Parallel construction prevents awkwardness. phrase. nearly. or clause is modified. Her job is to file newspaper articles about handgun use in the library. You can apply to the job by filling this form or apply by telephone. 3. hardly.  Modifiers such as almost. add a coordinating conjunction (the 2 must go hand-in-hand)  I picked up my laundry.

Up until Judy had married. Parallelism is used with elements joined by coordinating conjunctions. clauses with clauses. 12. English3. and getting a better job. stimulates creative thinking. and took a candy. in pairs. My brother just listens to one radio station. Two times. Correct the following erroneous sentences. Ranges. and to search for antiques. The novel’s chief character peers through a tangle of long hair. Parallelism is used with elements joined by a linking verb or a form of be To learn is understanding the world. and the creative capacities of the students are developed. willingly. While taking a nap. The teacher not only wants his students to keep quiet but also to do the task . Bob went over to the counter. This task can be done individually. and with accuracy. Every day use of the cleaner will cause harm to come to your hands. The new student will take the corner seat wearing the muscle shirt. 6. 1. 9. what the changes being made by the committee were. Bob performs his tasks quickly. The tall boy led the parade with red hair. 7. the volcano erupted. lifted the lid of the dish.GRAMMAR REVIEW. 4. Michelle P. slouching along in a shambling gait. Parallelism is used with elements in lists or in a series. Parallelism is used with elements joined by linking words. 8. My mother likes cooking and to read. 2. Our honors program emphasizes independent study. participles with participles. MA English . Parallelism is used with elements being compared. 13. After dancing solo on stage. the audience applauded Anna's performance. Parallelism is used to balance nouns with nouns. prepositional phrases with prepositional phrases. 4. or can be done in groups of four. 11. to learn independent living. 6. she lived all the time with her parents. 15. attending plays. Oscar liked reading books. 14. 2. She is mad about watching TV more than to read a book . 3. 5.Rules of parallelism 1. 10. Some of the principal reasons for going to college are to receive an education. and gets into troubl e constantly. infinitives with infinitives. 3. 5. so her coat got very soaking wet in the rain. The lawyer knew Sherry's umbrella was within the car.