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BHARATHIDASAN UNIVERSITY, TIRUCHIRAPPALLI – 620 024. B.Sc.

Chemistry – Course Structure under CBCS
(For the candidates admitted from the academic year 2009-2010 onwards)
Semester

Credit

I II I III

Language Course – I (LC) – Tamil*/Other Languages ** # English Language Course - I (ELC) Core Course – I (CC) Core Course – II (CC) First Allied Course –I (AC) Language Course – II (LC) - – Tamil*/Other Languages ** # English Language Course – II (ELC) Core Course – III (CC) First Allied Course – II (AC) First Allied Course – III (AC) Environmental Studies Value Education Language Course – III (LC) – Tamil*/Other Languages ** # English Language Course - III (ELC) Core Course – IV (CC) Core Course – V (CC) Second Allied Course – I Skill Based Elective I Non Major Elective I - for those who studied Tamil under Part I a) Basic Tamil for other language students b) Special Tamil for those who studied Tamil upto +2 but opt for other languages in degree programme Language Course –IV (LC) Tamil*/Other Languages ** # English Language Course – IV (ELC) Core Course – VI (CC)

6 6 General Chemistry I Practical I- Volumetric Analysis 6 6 6 6 6 General Chemistry - II Practical -5 4 5 2 2 6 6 General Chemistry - III Practical II– Semimicro Analysis . Agricultural Chemistry 5 4 5 2

3 3 5 4 4 3 3 4 3 3 2 2 3 3 5 3 4 2

3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3

25 25 25 40 25 25 25 25 40 25 25 25 25 25 25 40 25 25

Int.

Course

Title

75 75 75 60 75 75 75 75 60 75 75 75 75 75 75 60 75 75

Extn.

Instru Hours/ Week

100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100

I II

II IV IV I II

III

III

IV

2

2

3

25

75

100

I IV II

6 6 General Chemistry - IV 1 5

3 3 5

3 3 3

25 25 25

75 75 75

100 100 100

Total

Part

Exam Marks Hours

IV

IV V

III

Second Allied Course - II Second Allied Course - III Non Major Elective II - for those who studied Tamil under Part I a) Basic Tamil for other language students b) Special Tamil for those who studied Tamil upto +2 but opt for other languages in degree programme Skill Based Elective II Core Course – VII (CC) Core Course – VIII (CC) Core Course – IX (CC) Core Course – X (CC) Major based Elective – I Skill based Elective –III

Practical Chemistry of Consumer Products

4 5 2

3 3 2

3 3 3

40 25 25

60 75 75

100 100 100

Inorganic Chemistry Organic Chemistry - I Physical Chemistry - I Practical III – Physical Chemistry Analytical Chemistry

2 5 5 5 6 5 2 2 6

2 5 5 5 5 5 2 2 4

3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 6

25 25 25 25 40 25 25 25 40

75 75 75 75 60 75 75 75 60

100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100

IV

Skill based Elective – IV Core Course – XI (CC)

VI

III

Core Course – XII (CC) Core Course XIII – Major based Elective II Major based Elective III Skill Based Elective – V Skill Based Elective - VI Extension activities

Practical IV – Gravimetric & Organic Analysis Organic Chemistry - II Physical Chemistry II Nuclear and Industrial Chemistry Optional

5 5 5 5 2 2 180

5 5 5 5 2 2 1 140

3 3 3 3 3 3 -

25 25 25 25 25 25 -

75 75 75 75 75 75 -

100 100 100 100 100 100 4000

IV V

Total Note: Internal Marks 1. Theory 2. Practical 25 40

External Marks 75 60

3. Separate passing minimum is prescribed for Internal and External marks The passing minimum for CIA shall be 40% out of 25 marks [i.e. 10 marks] The passing minimum for University Examinations shall be 40% out of 75 marks [ i.e. 30 marks] * for those who studied Tamil upto +2 (Regular Stream) those who studied Tamil upto 10th or +2, but opt for other languages in degree level under Part I should study special Tamil in Part IV 2

** Syllabus for other Languages should be on par with Tamil at Degree level #

*** Examination at the end of the next semester. Extension activities shall be out side the instruction hours. List of allied Courses Group – I 1 Physics Group- II ( any one of the followings ) 1. Mathematics 2. Zoology 3. Botany 4. Computer Science

1. Either group of allied courses may be offered in the I year / II year 2. Mark distribution for volumetric analysis- Practical – 55 + Procedure Writing- 10 + Record-10+ Int asst- 25 3. Mark distribution for Physical chem. Practical- Practical – 55 + Procedure Writing10 + Record-10+ Int asst- 25 4. Mark distribution for. Practical III ( Org & Grav)- Gravi-30 + Org-35 Record-10+ Int asst- 25 5. Every student shall undertake an industrial visit as a part of the curriculum once in the course period, to industrial units and R and D centres, to give a stress on the applied aspects. Extension and extra curricular activities should also be carried out side the class hours. 6.Under any circumstance the University Practical Questions should not be changed by the Examiners.

3

redox. Acids and Bases: Arrhenius. adsorption and metal ion indicators.Core Course – I . Unit 3: COVALENT BONDING AND STRUCTURER Covalent bonding – Concept of hybridization – Structure of organic molecules based on sp³. bond angle. Unit 2: PRINCIPLES OF WET CHEMICAL ANALYSIS AND ACID – BASE THEORY Qualitative Analysis: Solubility Product – Principle of Elimination of interfering anions. mesomeric. sp² and sp hybridization – Covalent bond properties of organic molecules: bond length. redox. Classification as s. inductive. Aufbau Principle. Hund’s rule. numbers .General Chemistry Unit 1: ATOMIC STRUCTURE AND PERIODIC PROPERTIES Atomic Orbitals. electron affinity and electronegativity along periods and groups – Variation of metallic characters – Factors influencing the periodic properties. azimuthal. quantum. Protonic and Lewis Theories of Acids and Bases – usnovich’s generalized definition – Relative strengths of Acids and Bases – Dissociation constant of Acids and Bases – Levelling effect of water. Hard and soft acids and bases (HSAB) Oxidation and Reduction Reactions: Oxidation number concept – Balancing redox equations by Oxidation number method and lon-electron method – Equivalent weight of oxidizing and reducing agents. d & f block elements. variation of atomic volume.Principal. Common Lon Effect – Complexation reactions including spot tests in qualitative analysis – Reactions involved in separation and identifications of cations and anions in the analysis – Semi Micro Techniques . bond energy. stability of half-filled and fully filled orbitals. (n+/) rule. dipolemoment. bond polarity. p. precipitation and complex metric titrations – Indicators – Effect of change in pH – Neutralization. atomic and ionic radii ionisation potential. Titrimetry: Definitions of Molarity normality. 4 . Molarity and mole fraction – Primary and Secondary standards – Types of titrimetric reactions – acid-base. electromeric. magnetic and spin Quantum numbers and their significance-Principles governing the occupancy of electrons in various quantum levels-Pauli’s exclusion principle. resonance and hyperconjugative effects – Naming of organic compounds (up to 10 carbon systems) – Hydrocarbons – Mono functional compounds – Bifunctional compounds – Isomerism – Types of isomerism (structural and stereoisomerisms) with appropriate examples .

(23rd edition). Allyn & Bacon Ltd.. (12th edition).. Bahi B.R. Sultan Chand & Co. Unit 5: ATOMIC STRUCTURE AND BASIC QUANTUM MECHANICS Dualism of light – Wave nature of radiation classical theory of electromagnetic. New Delhi. Concise Inorganic Chemistry.T.Ltd.. p and d orbitals. Nodal planes and nodal points in atomic orbitals g and u character of atomic orbitals.. New Delhi.Unit 4: CHEMISTRY OF ALKANES AND CYCLOALKANES Petroleum source of alkanes – Methods of preparing alkanes and cycloalkanes Chemical properties – Mechanism of free radical substitution in alkanes by halogenation – Uses – Conformational study of ethane and n-butane-Relative stability of cycloalkanes from cyclopropane up to cyclooctane – Bayer’s Strain theory – Limitations – Cyclohexane and mono – and disubstituted cyclohexanes.. Books for Reference: 1... 5 6 Morrison R.. Ltd. London. Glasstone S. Pathania M. (23rd edition). Puri B.N.S. New Delhi. Principles of Physical Chemistry.Sharma L. Shapes of s. 2. Frank J. Lee J.. Kalia K. and Arun Bahl. Semi micro Qualitative Analysis. Particle nature of radiation – Black body radiation and Planck’s quantum theory. (1969)... Physical significance of (psi) function.. and Boyd R. Shoban Lal Nagin Chand & Co. 7 5 . photo electric dualism electric effect and Compton effect of matter – de Broglie hypothesis and Davisson and Germer experiment. Wave picture of electron – Concept of atomic orbitals. Elements of Physical Chemistry.R. (1976).S. (1993).R. 3. Principles of Inorganic Chemistry. Organic Chemistry (6th edition). radiation and classical expression for energy in term of amplitude. Mac Millan & Co.Sharma L. Schrödinger wave equation – argument in favour of Schrödinger wave equation.. Puri B. New York. New Delhi.R. Heisenberg’s uncertainty principle. Affiliated East-west Press pvt. 4. UK. Advanced Organic Chemistry. Welcher and Richard B. (1997). Shoban Lal Nagin Chand & Co..D. Black well science (2006).K.. Hahn.. Properties of function – well – behaved function. Quantum numbers and their significance. (1993). Lewis D.

Estimation of As2O3 using I2 solution and standard Arsereoun oxide solution. 8. marks Record . Estimation of saponification value of an oil 4.Practical – I. Estimation of Bleaching Powder 3. Estimation of copper (II) sulphate by K2Cr2O7 solution 9. Estimation of copper in brass Scheme of Valuation Max.Core Course II .Estimation of Ca (II) by EDTA solution 11. Estimation of Fe (III) by using K2Cr2O7 using a standard Mohr’s salt solution using inhternal and external indicators.10 marks 6 .Volumetric Analysis I Titrimetric Quantitative Analysis 1. Applied Experiments 1. Estimation of KmnO4 by thio using a standard K2Cr2O7 solution. Estimation of oxalic acid bu KmnO4 using a standard oxalic acide solution 4.45 marks 1-2 % -35 marks 2-3 % -25 marks 3-4 % -15 marks >4% . 5. Estimation of Mg (II) by EDTA solution 10. 12. Estimation of Total Hardness of water 2. Estimation of Hcl by NaOH using a standard oxalic acid solution 2.Estimation of chloride (in reutral and acid media) II. Estimation of Na2Co3 by Hcl using a standard Na2 Co3 solution 3.5 (marks) Procedure Writing – 10 marks Results <1% . Estimation of Iron (II) sulphate by KmnO4 using a standard Mohr’s salt solution. 7. Estimation of Ca (II) by KmnO4 using a standard oxalic acid solution. 6.

VB Theory – Principles of hybridization – Becl2 – MO Theory – Bonding and antibonding orbitals – Application of MO Theory to H2. Unit 3: CHEMISTRY OF ALKENES. Rayon and Polycyclic fibres – Uses of Polymers.CORE COURSE III . General characteristics of s-block elements – General characteristics of Group IA – diagonal relationship between Li and Mg – Extraction of Lithium – Physical and Chemical properties of Lithium – Uses – Extraction of Sodium – Physical and Chemical properties – Uses – Preparation of NaOH (Laboratory and Industrial methods) – Properties – Uses – Preparation of Na2CO3 (Laboratory and Industrial methods) – Properties – Uses – Extraction of Potassium – Properties – Uses – Chemistry of KOH. uses of hydrogen.GENERAL CHEMISTRY – II Unit 1: Chemical Bonding lonic bond – Lattice Energy – Born – Haber Cycle – Pauling and Muliken’s Scales of electro negativity – Polarizing power and Polarisability – partial ionic character from electro negativity – Transitions from ionic to covalent character and vice versa – Fajan’s rule. Mg (NH4) PO4 6H2O – Extraction of Ca – Physical and Chemical properties – Uses – Cement manufacture – Types – Chemistry of setting of cement. occluded hydrogen. SF6.MgCl2.O2.N2. atomic hydrogen.IF7. XeF6. Unit 2: CHEMISTRY OF s-BLOCK ELEMENTS Position of Hydrogen in the Periodic Table.H2O ) . 7 . Sicl4. NH3.HF and CO – Comparison of VB and MO Theories. Pcl5. Nomenclature General methods of preparation of alkynes – Physical properties – Chemical properties – Uses – Types of alkadienes – General methods of preparation of Dienes – Physical properties – Chemical properties – Uses – Mechanisms of electrophilic and Free radical addition reactions – Polymers – Rubber as a natural polymer – Types of polymerization reactions – Mechanisms of lonic and Free radical polymerization reactions – Chemistry of Vulcanization of rubber – Chemistry of manufacture of Film sheets. VESPR Theory – Shapes of simple inorganic molecules ( Becl2. Free radical additions – Ziegler – Natta Catalytic polymerization of ethylene – polymers of alkene derivatives. General characteristics of Elements of Group 11A – diagonal relationship between Be and AI – Extraction of Beryllium – Physical and Chemical properties of Be – Uses Extraction of Mg – Physical and Chemical properties – Uses – Chemistry of some compounds of Mg: MgCO3.He2.E1cB) – Electrophilic. KBr and K1. MgSO4. BF3. ALKYNES AND DIENES Nomenclature – Geometrical Isomerism – Petroleum source of alkenes and aromatics – General methods of preparation of alkenes – Chemical properties – Uses – Elimination mechanisms (E1.E2. nascent hydrogen.

Graphical representation and its significance – Collision diameter. Most probable and root mean square velocities.. Shoban Lal Nagin Chand & Co.. Phenanthrene from tar and petroleum – Laboratory preparation. New Delhi. and Arun Bahl.S. (1993). Black well science (2006)..D... New Delhi. (12th edition). Bahi B.Unit 4: CHEMISTRY OF BENZENE AND OTHER BENZENOID COMPOUNDS General methods of preparation of benzene – Chemical properties – Uses – Electrophillic substitution mechanism – Orientation and reactivity in substituted benzenes. Allyn & Bacon Ltd.R. UK.. Elements of Physical Chemistry. (1993).Molecular Orbital structures – Aromatic Characters – Physical Properties . Organic Chemistry (6th edition).. (1976).R. New Delhi. Principles of Physical Chemistry. 3 Puri B.T.. 2. Lewis D. Types of Polynuclear Aromatic compounds – Nomenclature – Naphthalene from coal tar and petroleum – Laboratory preparation Structure of Naphthalene – Aromatic character – Physical properties – Chemical properties – Uses – Mechanism of Aromatic electrophilic substitution – Theory of orientation and reactivity – Anthracene. Mean free path and collision number – Transport properties – Thermal conductivity. Sultan Chand & Co.Chemical properties – Uses – Preparation of biphenyls – Physical and Chemical properties – Uses. (1997). Lee J... Morrison R.. Ltd. (23rd edition). Viscosity and Diffusion – Law of equipartition of energies – Degree of freedom. Molecular basis of Heat capacity – Real gases – vander. Principles of Inorganic Chemistry.S. New York. Glasstone S. Shoban Lal Nagin Chand & Co. Mac Millan & Co. and Boyd R. London. Unit 5: GASEOUS STATE Maxwell’s distribution of Molecular velocities (Derivation not required).N.. Concise Inorganic Chemistry.. 4 5 6 8 . (23rd edition).R. Books for Reference: 1 Puri B.. Types of Molecular velocities – Mean.Sharma L. Pathania M..R..Sharma L. Waals equation of states – derivation – significance of critical constants – Virial equations of state – Law of corresponding states – Compressibility factor. Advanced Organic Chemistry. Kalia K.K.

General characteristics of elements of V A Group – the unique features of nitrogen from the rest of the family – preparation of nitrogen – physical and chemical properties of N2 – uses – industrial preparation of ammonia – physical and chemical properties – uses – chemistry of some compounds of nitrogen: Hydrazine. P2O5 and oxyacids of phosphorus – fertilizers. peroxides. Hydrazoic acid. oxidation states and oxidizing power. POCI3. amphoteric oxide and neutral oxides. dioxides. properties.uses – chemistry of some compounds of boron: Boric acid. PCI5. sub oxides and mixed oxides. Hydroxylamine. oxides and oxo acids of halogens. Inter halogen compounds and pseudo halogens – basic nature of iodine. Unit 2: Chemistry of p-Block elements – O. General characteristics of halogen with reference of electro negativity. Peculiarities of fluorine. Hydrides. General characteristics of elements of Group IVA – difference of carbon and silicon form the rest of the family. electron affinity. super oxides. Nitric acid – nitrogen cycle – artificial fixation of nitrogen – preparation of phosphorous – physical and chemical properties – uses – chemistry of PH3.X and Noble Gas Families Anomalous behaviour of oxygen – paramagnetic nature of oxygen. Noble gases : Position in the periodic table – isolation from atmosphere – General characteristics – structure and shape of xenon compounds – XeF4. SN2 and SN3) – evidences – stereochemical aspects of nucleophillic substitution mechanisms – general methods of preparation of halobenzenes – physical properties – chemical properties – uses 9 . Diborane.oxides of silicon – structures of silicates – chemistry of silicones – manufacture of glass – type of glasses – extraction of lead – physical and chemical properties – uses – lead pigments.allotropic forms of carbon – Chemistry of charcoal – Chemistry of oxides of carbon (CO & CO2) – use of CO2 in fire extinguishers – fuel gases – preparation of silicon – physical and chemical properties of Si – uses . Boron nitride – Extraction of Al – physical and chemical properties – uses – chemistry of some compounds of Al: Al2O3. classification of oxides based on their chemical behaviour – acidic oxide. PCI3. Borax. Classification of oxides based on oxygen content – normal oxides. Preparation. Alums – Alloys of aluminum. SeF6.C and N Families General characteristics of p-block elements – general characteristics of elements of Group III A-diagonal relationship between B and Si-extraction of boron – Physical and chemical properties of B. Chemistry of selenium and tellurium.CORE COURSE IV – GENERAL CHEMISTRY III Unit I: Chemistry of p-Block Elements – B. structure and uses of oxyacids of sulphur. AICI3. XeO3 and XeOF4 – uses of noble gases Unit 3: Organohalogen Compounds Nomenclature – general methods of preparation of haloalkanes – physical and chemical properties – uses – nucleophillic substitution mechanisms (SN1.

S. (23rd edition). Donnan membrance equilibrium –osmosis. space lattice. Sharma. (1997) ********************* 10 . purification and properties – Kinetic. New Delhi. Liquid Crystals and Colloids Classification of solids – Isotropic and anisotropic crystals. Puri B. (1976) 6. reverse osmosis. Concise Inorganic Chemistry. L.. Optical and electrical stability of colloids. Gels – types of gels. 1993 2. and Boyd R. preparation. Lewis D. Bahl B. unit cells – X – ray diffraction – derivation of Bragg’s equation – determination of structure of NaCl by Debye Scherrer (powder method) and rotating crystal method – determination of Avogadro’s number – discussion of structure of KCl & CsCl – defects in crystals – stoichiometric and non stoichiometric – methods of growing crystals – from melt and from solution (hydrothermal method.. Puri B. Principles of Physical Chemistry 4. Gel method – packing of ions in crystals – radius ration rules and its limitations. Definitions – types of colloids – sols – preparation. associated colloids. preparation. i and Sn) – idea of asymmetry and dissymmetry – optical activity – measurement of optical activity – concept of enantiomerism. Morrilson R.R.. dialysis and desalination – macromolecules – molecular weight of macro – molecules – determination of molecular weight by osmotic pressure method and light scattering methods... Shoban Lal Nagin Chand & Co. New York.N. Sharma L. Advanced Organic Chemistry. Allyn & Bacon Ltd. Sultan Chand & Co. properties and application. Books for Reference: 1. Organic Chemistry (6th edition). Elements of Physical Chemistry. London. J.R. Pathania M. Liquid crystals – types. Unit V – Solidstates.S and D.D.S. gold number. Lee. Ltd 5. Laws of crystallography – representation of planses – Miller indices. Kalia K. diastereomerism – axial chirality in substituted allenes and spiranes – atropisomerism in substituted biphenyls – R. thero conventions – meso and dl – forms of tartaric acid – stereoselectivity and stereospecificity in organic reactions with suitable examples – resolution of racemic mixture using chiral reagent – Walden inversion – asymmetric synthesis – asymmetric induction. Glasstone S. Principles of Inorganic Chemistry.K. Black well science (2006) 3. properties and applications. UK. (12th edition). 5.T. and Arun Bahl. Unit IV: Stereochemistry Stereoisomerism – types – optical isomerism – chirality’s based on symmetry elements (Cn. crystal systems – seven primitive.R.R. theories and applications. Emulsion – types of emulsions.. Mac Millan & Co. New Delhi. L notations to express configurations – erythro.mechanisms of electrophillic and nucleophillic substitution reactions – theory of orientation and reactivity.

Kulandaivelu A. manganese. Semimicro methods using the conventional scheme with hydrogen sulphide may be adopted. barium. : : : ********************** 11 . cobalt. antimony. Basic principles of Practical Chemistry. Cations to be Studies: lead. New Delhi. arsenate and phosphate Reference: 1. nitrate. iron. fluoride. zinc. tin.Core Course V – Practical II-Semimicro Analysis Semimicro Inorganic Qualitative analysis Analysis of a mixture containing two cations and two anions of which one will be an interferring ion. Sulphide. 2nd edition. borate.R.. magnesium and ammonium Anions to be studies: Carbonate. chloride. bromide. copper. arsenite. Veerasamy R. aluminium. Sultan Chand & sons (1997) Note: Internal Marks: 40 External marks : : Practical Record Total 60 55 marks 5 marks 60 marks 55 marks 40 marks 30 marks 15 marks 5 marks Marks Distribution for external 4 radicals correct with suitable tests 3 radicals correct with suitable tests 2 radicals correct with suitable tests 1 radical correct with suitable tests Spotting : . nickel. oxalate. cadmium. strontium. bismuth. Sulphate. Venkateswaran V. calcium.

objectives and basis – soil sampling. 3. Chemistry of Pesticides. Tisdale S. Madras – 1970. A text book of soil science. Fungicides : Definition – Classification – mechanism of action – sulphur.D and Mukherjee S.H. 5. dithanes. Macmillon Pub Co New York 1990. dithiocarbamate. Nelson W. mercury compounds. UNIT – II : CHEMISTRY ASPECTS OF SOIL Soil testing – concept.diagnosis – remediation of acid and salt affected soils – methods of reclamation and after care. tooks. their properties. Daji A. UNIT – IV FERTILIZERS Fertilizers – classification of NPK fertilizers – sources . acid.L. 4. Soil fertility and fertilizers. UNIT – V : PESTICIDES AND FUNGICIDES : Pesticides : definition – Classification – organic and inorganic pesticides – mechanism of action – charecteristics safe handling of pesticides – impact of pesticides on soil.forms of nutrient absorbed by plants – factors affecting nutrient absorption . Hesse P.J.natural and synthetic – straight – complex – liquid fertilizers. copper. and Beaton J. use and relative efficiency secondary and micronutrient fertilizers – mixed fertilizers.D. 12 .R. NewYork. Books for Reference : 1.L.deficiency symptoms in plants – corrective measures – chemicals used for correcting nutritional deficiencies – nutrient requirement of crops – their availability fixation and release of nutrients. 2. plants and environment. Biswas T. A text book of soil chemical analysis John Murray. alkali and saline soils.NON MAJOR ELECTIVE – I-AGRICULTURAL CHEMISTRY UNIT – I : ORIGIN OF SOIL Origin of soils. UNIT – III : PLANT NUTRIENTS Plant nutrients – macro and micro nutrients – their role in plant growth – sources . their properties. Asia publishing House. collection processing.K. despatch of soil samples – soil organic matter – its decomposition and effect on soil fertility. Buchel K. Text book of soil science 1987. 1971. John Wiley & Sons New York 1983.

rate equation. extraction and uses – preparation. ores. properties and uses of ceric ammonium sulphate. first order. order of reaction. aluminothermic process – purification of metals – electrolysis. laboratory preparation of ethers. flux.comparative study and chemistry of photography – comparative study of zinc group metals – galvanization.S Chemistry of Insecticides and Fungicides. polarimetry. manometry. uranylacetate Unit III: Chemistry of Organometallic compounds Introduction – preparation of organo magnesium compounds – physical and chemical properties – uses – preparation of ogranozinc compounds – physical and chemical properties – uses preparation of organolithium compounds – physical and chemical properties – uses chemistry of organo copper. CORE COURSE VI – GENERAL CHEMISTRY IV Unit I: Metallurgy and d-Block elements Occurrence of metals – concentration of ores – froth floatation. oxidation states. organolead. chromium. thorium dioxide. Oxford and IBH Publishing Co. thorium nitrate.Block Elements General characteristics of f-block elements – comparative account of lanthanides and actinides – occurrence. 13 . zone refining. calcinations. colour and spectra – lanthanides and actinides – separation by ion exchange and solvent extraction methods – lanthanide contraction – chemistry of thorium and uranium – occurrence. manganese and iron group’s coinage metals . magnetic properties. organophosphorus and organo boron compounds Unit IV: Chemistry of Alcohols. Phenols and Ethers Nomenclature – laboratory preparation of alcohols – industrial source of alcohols – physical properties – chemical properties – uses – chemistry of glycols and glycerols – uses – preparation of phenols including di and tri hydric phenols – physical and chemical properties – uses – aromatic elctrophilic substitution mechanism – theory of orientation and reactivity. New Delhi 1979. Sree Ramulu V. evidences for the existence of mercurous ion as Hg z2+ Unit II: Chemistry of f. Methods of determination of order of reactions – experimental methods of determination of rate constant of a reaction – volumetry. average and instantaneous rates. roasting.. vanadium. second and third order (equal initial concentration) – derivation of time for half change with examples.6. uranium hexafluoride. van Arkel de Boer methods – chemistry of transition elements – electronic configuration – general periodic trend – group study of titanium. smelting. epoxides – physical properties – chemical properties – uses – introduction to crown ethers – structures – applications Unit V: Chemical Kinetics and Catalysis Rate of reaction. Rate laws: rate constants – derivation of rate constants and characteristics for zero. magnetic separation. Mechanism of complex reactions – equilibrium and steady state approximations.

skin preparation – skin powder. Sultan Chand & Co. Pathania M. (1976) 6. 14 .. London. New Delhi.R. Sharma L.Effect of temperature on reaction rate – concept of activation energy. Mac Milan & Co. Shoban Lal.Soft soaps. herbal and baby shampoos hair dye – manufacture of conditioners . (1993) 2. Bahl B. shaving soaps and creams. Morrison R.. (1997) ****************** NON MAJOR ELECTIVE – II-CHEMISTRY OF CONSUMER PRODUCTS UNIT – I SOAPS AND DETERGENTS :Manufacture of soaps. Sharma L. Different types of isotherms – Freundlich and Langmuir Books for Reference: 1. Lewis D. Kinetics of fast reaction – flow methods and pulse methods. 5. kalia K. Anionc detergents – manufacture and applications cationic detergents – manufacture and applications. Concise Inorganic Chemistry.. Glasstone S.S. energy barrier Arrbenius equation. Heterogeneous catalysis – adsorption – types – chemical and physical.. Allyn & Bacon Ltd. UNIT III : PAINTS AND VARNISHES :Constivents and their functin – types and applications. Principls of Inorganic Chemistry. Puri B.R..K. Characteristics of adsorption. New Delhi.T. formulation of toilet soaps – different ingradients used.. (1993) 4.R.S. and Arun Bahl. Catalysis – homogeneous and heterogeneous – homogeneous catalysis – kinetic of acid – base and enzyme catalysis..D.. Puri. UK.N. Advanced Organic Chemistry. (23rd edition). . Nagin Chand & Co. Black well Science (2006) 3.R.. Lee J.. anti – lice. nail polish... UNIT – II : COSMETICS Shampoos – different kinds of shampoos – anti – dandruff. and Boyd R. Comparison of collision theory and ARRT. Theories of reaction rates – collision theory – derivation of rate constant of bimolecular gases reaction – failure of collision theory – Lindemann’s theory of unimolecular reaction. lipsticks. Shoban Lal Nagin Chand & Co. Theory of absolete reaction rates – derivation of rate for a bimolecular reaction – significance of entropy and free energy of activation. New york. Organic Chemistry (6th edition). Elements of Physical Chemistry. B. Principles of Physical Chemistry 23 rd edition) New Delhi. (12th edition).

synthetic polymers – important basic plastics and uses rubber..factors affecting the stability of complexes unimolecular and bimolecular nucleophilic substitution reactions in octahedral and square planar complexes . Chand Company Ltd. Sidgewick. valence bond.K. Goel Publishing my House 1995. 1st Edition (2006) S. UNIT 3: APPLICATION OF COORDINATION COMPOUNDS : Application of coordination compounds . Indigo.metal carbonyls .theories of coordination compounds . Phenolphthalein and Malachite green. Methul orange. Norris Shreve.estimation of hardness of water using EDTA . crystal field and molecular orbital theories.chlorophyll. 15 .mono and poly nuclear carbonyles of Ni.UNIT IV : DYES Classification – preparation and uses of alizarin. New Delhi. vitamin B12 . vulcanisation. 2) Chemical process Industries – R.Werner.Their structure and application .biologically important coordination compounds .Isomerism .estimation of nickel using DMG and aluminium using oxine . Reference : 1) A Text Book of Applied Chemistry for Home Science and Allied Sciences Thangamma Jacop. Fe.Sharma.magnetic properties of transition metal complexes elementary idea of electronic spectra of transition metal complexes. 4) Fundamental Concept of Applied Chemistry by Jayashree Ghosh. haemoglobin.trans effect . Core Course VII : Inorganic Chemistry I UNIT 1: COORDINATION CHEMISTRY I : Types of ligands . 3) Industrial Chemistry by B. UNIT 2: COORDINATION CHEMISTRY II : Stability of complexes . UNIT – V : Plastics – Resins and Rubber Synthetic resins and plastics.IUPAC nomenclature .

mica. some special classes of compounds . Sharma L.R.stoichiometric compounds . Madan R. Principles of Inorganic Chemistry.synthesis and structure .structure of nitrosyl chloride and sodium nitroprusside.composition. S. transistors . asbestos. Chand & Co. Concise Inorganic Chemistry .theories of metallic bonding .hydrides.M.uses .electron gas. Text Book of Inorganic Chemistry. 16 . FCC.R.. Chand & Co.structure of alloys . Selected Topics in Inorganic Chemistry.packing of atoms in metal (BCC.classification.. Co and Mn .Interstitial and non . properties and uses. preparation and properties .one. zeolites and ultramarines. preparation.D.n-type and p-type. New Delhi (2002).D and Malik S. S.classification into discrete anions .Cr. HCP and Simple cube) . structure properties and uses .D. tale. properties and uses of beryl.nitrosyl compounds . Soni P. UNIT 5: SOME SPECIAL TYPE OF COMPOUNDS : Organo metallic compounds of alkenes.semi conductors ..classification. ELBS Edition.L. Books for Reference : 1. and Kalkithar.applications of phosphozenes and phosphazenes – silicates and their polymers .silicones . alkynes and cyclopenta diene .substitutional and interstitial solid solutions . Puri B. New Delhi (2006) 4.. Juli G.silanes and their polymers . Pauling and band theories . two and three dimensional structures with examples . 3.. UNIT 4: METALLIC BONDING : Metallic state . Lee J. 2. manufacture.binary compounds .clathrates . New Delhi (2006).examples and structures .composition. borides.Hume Rothery ratio. carbides and nitrides .

alkyl nitrites .preparation and properties of furan.preparation.chemical properties .uses . and comparison of aliphatic and aromatic amines .general methods of preparation of carboxylic acids . Fischer Napieraloki and Ficher .hydrogen general methods of preparation of aromatic carbonyl compounds .diazonium compounds . benzene diazonium chloride and diazo acetic ester.laboratory preparation of aliphatic carbonyl compounds physical properties .preparation and synthetic importance of diazomethane.mechanism of cleaning action of soap.Introduction to derivatives of carboxylic acids .Hammett equation .preparation of dicarboxylic acid . amides .nitro alkanes .effect of substitutents on basicity. pyridine and piperidine with amines synthesis and reactions of quinoline.physical and chemical properties .physical and chemical properties . diazotization. secondary. UNIT 4: CHEMISTRY OF HETEROCYCLIC COMPOUNDS : Heterocyclic compounds . anhydrides. Amino compounds . isoquinoline and indole with special reference to Skraup. UNIT 3: CHEMISTRY OFNITROGEN COMPOUNDS : Nitrogen compounds . reaction of amino compounds (primary. esters. pyrrole.uses . tertiary and quaternary amine compounds).molecular orbital picture of carbonyl group .effect of aryl group on the reactivity of carbonyl group. 17 .physical and chemical properties . physical and chemical properties of the compound: acyl chlorides.uses .uses .nucleophilic addition mechanism at carbonyl group .fatty acids .nomenclature .indole syntheses – structural elucidation of quinoline and isoquinoline. thiophen -comparison of the basicities of pyrrole. mechanism of carbylamine reaction.preparation and reduction of nitro benzene under different conditions.chemistry of compounds containing active methylene group .nomenclature .Core Course VIII : Organic Chemistry I UNIT 1: CHEMISTRY OF CARBONYL COMPOUNDS : Introduction .chemical properties .nomenclature .Intruduction to derivatives of carboxylic acids .Introduction to oils and fats .physical properties structure and acidity .nucleophilic substitution mechanism at acyl carbon . UNIT 2: CHEMISTRY OF CARBOXYLIC ACIDS : Nomenclature .manufacture of soap .differences aromatic nitro compounds .acidity of alpha .uses .

. (1997). (12th edition) New Delhi. indigo dyes . Longman Ltd.. anthraquinone dyes .sulphonic acid and derivatives . Ege. Bahl B. (4th edition) New Delhi. triphenyl methane dyes malachite green. nitroso fast green O. Organic Chemistry. epoxide resin..molecular weight of polymers ( elementary treatment ) Book for Reference : 1. azo dyes . Morrison R.preparation and uses of nitro dyes .preparation and properties of benzene sulphonic acid . classification according to application and structure . Addison Wesley. (6th edition) England..UNIT 5: INDUSTRIAL ORGANIC CHEMISTRY : Dyes . anionic and free radical polymerisation –thermo setting polymers – preparation of caprolactam. Mc Graw .H. Advanced Organic Chemistry . (2004) 18 .theory of color and constitution ..Indigotin.S. Seyhan N.naphthol yellow.chromophore. Pines S.N. Polymers-definition-types of polymers-mechanism of cationic..methyl orange. (2006) 3.Hill International Book company . Boyd R. (6th edition) New York. Nylon 66.saccharin. Sultan Chand and Co. Vol 1&2. chloramines – T . polyester. Organic Chemistry. sulphonamides. Allyn & Bacon Ltd. (1996) 2. auxochrome. Organic Chemistry. 4.alizarin. Houthton Mifflin Co.T. Finar I.(1986) 5.. New York. Arun Bahl. Organic Chemistry.L. phthalein dyes fluorescein .

thermodynamic scale of temperature . UNIT 2: THERMODYNAMICS II Second law of thermo dynamics . First law of thermodynamics .J) for ideal and real gases .exact and inexact differentials. closed and open systems . isothermal and adiabatic processes . enthalpy (H) and heat capactiiy.Maxwell’s relations .entropy of mixing .state of the system Intensive and extensive variables.relation between enthalpy of reaction at constant volume (qv) and at constant pressure (qp) .entropy criterion for spontaneous and equilibrium processes in isolated system Gibb’s free energy (G) and Helmholtz free energy (A) .state and path functions .reversible and irreversible.Carnot’s theorem .concept of entropy .need for the law .thermodynamic equation of state .Kirchoffs equation bond energy and its calculation from thermochemical data . V and T.Integral and differential heats of solution and dilution.definition and physical significance of entropy entropy as a function of P. q. dE and dH for expansion of ideal and real gases under isothermal and adiabatic conditions of reversible and irreversible processes. Thermochemistry .∆A and ∆G as criteria for spontaneity and equilibrium advantage of ∆G over entropy change.temperature dependence of heat of reaction .J.definition of internal energy (E).Core Course IX : Physical Chemistry I UNIT 1: TERMODYNAMICS I : System and surrounding – isolated. Relation between Cp and Cv.Inversion temperature.thomson coefficient (µJ. Thermodynamic processes .different statements of the law Carnot’s cycle and efficiency of heat engine .variation of A and G with P. V and T .calculation of (µ.entropy changes during phase changes . Definition of joule .Helmholtz equation and its applications .J) . calculation of w.statement . work of expansion at constant pressure and free expansion. 19 .Gibb’s .

N2O and ice).Gibb’s Duhem equation.completely immiscible liquids .thermodynamic interpretation of Lechatelier’s principle (Concentration. volume percentage. CaCO3 . thermodynamic derivation of elevation of boiling point and depression in freezing point. van’t Hoff’s reaction isotherm .principle and applications of steam distillation. relative lowering of vapour pressure. molality. molarity.NH3.completely miscible liquid systems .water systems.mass percentage.evaluation of absolute entropy from heat capacity data. temperature.partial molar quantities . abnormal molecular masses.solvent extractionprinciple and derivation of a general formula of the amount unextracted . pressure and addition of inert gases. CO. Nernst distribution law – derivation.variation of chemical potential with T. Exception to III law (ortho and para hydrogen.phenol . normality. lower and upper CSTs . mole fraction. 20 . methods of expressing concentrations of solutions .equilibrium constants in terms of pressure and concentration . PCl5. law of osmotic pressure.water and ethanol .) systems variable composition . triethanolamine .van’t Hoff’s isochore .thermodynamic derivation of law of mass action . azeotropes .molecular association. determination of molecular masses using the above properties. Raoult’s law and Henry’s law.partially miscibe liquid systems .effect of impunities on CST .chemical potential .benzene and toluene. osmosis. deviation from Raoult’s law and Henry’s law. theory of fractional distillation. UNIT 4: SOLUTIONS Ideal and non-ideal soultions.water and nicotine . P and X (mole fraction ) . molecular dissociation . Duhem . applications –determination of formula of a complex ( KI + I2 = KI3 ).UNIT 3: THERMODYNAMICS III Equilibrium constant and free energy change . concept of activity and activity coefficients .dilute solutions: colligative properties.Clapeyron equation and Clausius – Clapeyron equation-applications-third law of thermodynamics –Nernst heat theoremstatement of III law and concept of residual entropy .degree of dissociation .water systems .Margules equation.water.HCl .

sublimation. simple eutectic (lead-silver. Transition Temperature 4.super cooling. New Delhi.UNIT 5: THERMODYNAMICS OF PHASE CHANGES Definition of terms in the phase rule . Sharma L.S. Potentiometic Redox Titration 10. (5th edition) Oxford Uiversity Press.. freezing mixtures . Principles Of Physical Chemistry.V. Physical Chemistry. 8.solid liquid equilibria. Effect of impurity on Critical solution Temperature 3. Evaluation :60 Record :5 Procedure Writting with formula : 10 Practicals :45 21 Chand & Co. Pathania M. Partition Co-efficient of iodine between water and carbon tetrachloride. CuSO4-H2O system. Atkins P. Mac Millan. (Mg-Zn) and incongruent melting point (Na-K). Book for Reference : 1. (1994) 4.. Kinetics of Ester Hydrolysis 7. Rast Method 5. (23rd edition).R. solid solutions .W.derivation and application to one component systems . Puri B. Castellan G. 3.compound formation with congruent melting point. Bi-Cd).. two component systems .fractional crystallisation.(Ag-Au) .water and sulphur . Physical Chemistry. Nagin 2. Maron and Prutton. Physical Chemistry. ********************* CORE COURSE X. Determination of cell constant MARK DISTRIBUTION : Internal : 40 Ext.FeCl3 . Phase Diagram (Simple eutectic system) 6..PRACTICAL –III -PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY PRACTICALS LIST OF EXPERIMENTS : 1. Critical Solution Temperature 2. (1993) . Orient Longmans. Conductometric Acid-Base Titration 9. Shoban Lal. London. New Delhi..H2O systems.. desilverisation of lead .R.

3. 8. Estimation Calcium as calcium oxalate monohydrate 7. Evaluation : 60 Record : 5+5 = 10 Gravimetry : 25 org.DMG complex. Estimation of Iron as Iron (III) oxide. Estimation of Lead as lead chromate. students are required to report any one of the functional groups. Incase of bi-functional compounds. 4. Note : Mono –functional compounds are given for analysis. Osazone formation DETERMINATION OF PHYSICAL CONSTANTS Determination of boiling /melting points by semimicro method. Nitration 5. Estimation of Barium as barium chromate. ORGANIC PREPARATION : Preparation of Organic Compounds involving the following chemical conversions 1. preparation & org Analysis : 25 Org. Estimation of Nickel as Nickel . Bromination 6. Oxidation 2. Estimation of Barium as barium sulphate. Estimation of Copper as copper (I) thiocyanate 5. preparation : 6 Phy Contant :4 22 .PRACTICAL IV (GRAVIMETRIC & ORGANIC ANALYSIS) GRAVIMETRIC ANALYSIS : 1. Diazotization 7. 2. Estimation of Magnesium as magnesium oxinate 6. MARK DISTRIBUTION : Internal : 40 Ext. Organic Qualitative Analysis and Organic Preparation : ORGANIC ANALYSIS Analasis of Simple Organic compounds (a) characterization of functional groups (b) confirmation by preparation of solid dervatives / characteristic colour reactions.Core Course XI . Hydrolysis 4. Reduction 3.

Org. Waste disposal and fee me disposal. (1997) ****************** Major Based Elective I : Analytical Chemistry UNIT 1: INTRODUCTION TO ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY Types of analytical methods : Importance of analytical methods in qualitative and quantitative analysis : chemical and instrumental methods .problems involving straight line graphs.3 Book for Reference : 1. Element –3 functinonal group –5 Derivatives . Accuracy methods of expressing accuracy . alkalies.its importance. Laboratory Hygiene and safety : Storage and handling of corrosive.safe limits.R. toxic. Threshold vapour concentration . carcinogenic and poisonous chemicals. Venkateswaran V. sultan chand & sons. Basic principles of practical chemistry.advantages and limitations of chemical and instrumental methods.. Veeraswamy R. error analysis –types of errors-minimizing errors. 2nd edition. mean deviation. Kulandaively A. precision-methods of expressing precision . burns and cut by glass. standard deviation and confidence limit. Simple first aid procedures for accidents involving acids. New Delhi. 23 . analysis :15 Armatic/ Alphatic –2 Sat/Unsat – 2 Spl. median. flammable. Evaluation of analytical data : Idea of significant figures . bromine. explosive. Method of least squares .mean..

electro gravimetry -theory of electro gravimetric analysis determination of copper (by constant current procedure) .types of precipitation .electrolytic separation of metals : Principle .purity of precipitates – co precipitation .balancing method -estimation of NI+2 and Fe+3 colorimetrically . coulometry : principle of coulometric analysis . UNIT 4: SPECTRO ANALYTICAL TECHNIQUES Colorimetry and spectrophotometry .solubility product and precipitation –conditions of precipitations-types of precipitants-specific and selective precipitants.determination of percentage purity of samples – pyrolusite.estimation of glucose and phenol. applications . washing soda and Bleaching power .organic and inorganic precipitants .UNIT 2: QUANTITATIVE ANALYSIS : Estimations of commercial samples .Beer – Lambert’s law . differential scanning calorimetry . Electro analytical techniques . gravimetric analysis .precipitation from homogeneous solution .standard series method .use of sequestering agents UNIT 3: THERMO AND ELECTRO ANALYTICAL TECHNIQUES Thermo analytical methods : Principle of thermo gravimetry. (Instrumentation only)-block diagraminfra red spectroscopy and source-monochromator-cell-detectors recorders-sampling techniques-NMR spectroscopy(instrumentation only) 24 .post precipitation .spectro photometric determination of chromium and manganese in alloy steel.separation of copper and nickel.visual colorimetry .photoelectric photometer method . Iron ore. DTA and DSC Characteristics of TGA and DTA curves .apparatus and technique separation of nickel and cobalt.Instrumentation for TGA. differential thermal analysis.principle of colorimetric analysis .determination of purity of pharmaceuticals by DSC.TGA of calcium oxalate monohydrate DTA of calcium acetate monohydrate .theories of precipitation .coulometry at controlled potential .principle .factors affecting TGA and DTA curves.

7th edition. Skoog and Donald M.bromide mixture.principle. analysis of milk and apple juice . development of chromatogram. High Pressure Liquid Chromatography (HPLC)-principle -experimental techniques instrumentation and advantages.experimental techniques .UNIT 5: CHROMATOGRAPHY TECHNIQUES Column chromatography .S. Analytical Chemistry.separation of amino acids and other applications. Co-Ni and chloride ... F. 5.principle.. 2. Instrumental Methods of Chemical Analysis. Sultan Chand and Sons.experimental techniques . Elements of Analytical Chemistry. ascending. Fundamentals of Analytical Chemistry.C. Macmillian. Douglas A.K. Significance of Rf-values. Paper chromatography .instrumentation and applications. Coel Publishing House. solvents used..principle .J. Denney R. preparation of the column. Subramaniam P. and Rengarajan K. factors affecting the Rf-values. Sharma.separation of Na-K.principle. Gopalan. paper electrophoresis .. Ion . thin layer chromatography .exchange chromatography . Rf-values. 3.. Barnes J.. types of adsorbents.types of resins -requirements of a good resin -action of resins . Harcourt College Publishers.gas chromatography . Book for Reference : 1. West. Ca-Mg. Usharani S. B. (1997) 4. Merrut. elution. Vogel’s Text book of Quantitative Chemical analysis 6th edition Pearson education.. preparation of chromatoplates.principle . recovery of substances and applications. choice of adsorbent and solvent. Mendham J. Thomas M. R. descending and radial paper chromatography. Holler. 25 .D.

26 .structural elucidation and synthesis of citral.primary structure . limonene. properties of mono saccharide (glucose and fructose). benzidine.benzilic acid. epimerisation. Edman method .elementary treatment of DNA and RNA . Peptides and proteins . vitamins (structural elucidation not needed) .Norrish type I and II.isolation.Peptide linkage .Core Course XII : Organic Chemistry II UNIT 1: CHEMISTRY OF CARBOHYDRATES : Carbohydrate . piperine. B2.polypeptide .structural elucidation and synthesis of coniine. general methods of structural elucidation .classification.photochemical reactions of ketones . interconversion.alkaloids .cyclic structure .disaccharide .synthesis of peptides .polysaccharide starch and cellulose (elementary treatment). dienone . menthol.Merrifield synthesis . special isoprene rule.end group analysis .classification .classification.β and γ amino acids.denaturation .phenol and Orton . Fries. nicotine and ephedrine.sucrose. muta rotation. B12 and C. maltose .classification.isoelectric points.structure elucidation . B1. camphor.Dangyl chloride. structure and configuration of mono saccharide. Claisen. action of heat on α. UNIT 2: CHEMISTRY OF PROTEINS AND VITAMINS Amino acids . B6. Beckmann. Hofmann.secondary structure . general methods of elucidating structure .classification of proteins . UNIT 4: MOLECULAR REARRANGEMENTS Molecular rearrangements .colour reactions of proteins .pinacolone. classification.tertiary structure . UNIT 3: CHEMISTRY OF ALKALOIDS AND TERENOIDS Chemistry of natural products . benzil .types of rearrangement (nucleophilic and electrophilic) – mechanism with evidence for the following re-arrangements : pinacol . biological importance of vitamins A. zwitter ion .determination of size of sugar rings . terpenes . Curtius.isoprene. general methods of preparation and reactions of amino acids. ascending and descending series. Lossen.nucleic acids .

chemical shift .. inductive effect and hydrogen bonding.S.. McGraw .VIS spectroscopy . Seyhan N. integral. Morrison R.modes of vibrations and their energies. (1976) 3.. tau and delta scales.L. anisotropy. Ege. (1986) 4.equivalent and non equivalent protons .spin -spin coupling. Allyn & Bacon Ltd.. Organic Chemistry. acid and amide. Vol 1&2.H. position of IR absorption frequencies for functional groups like aldehyde. (12th edition) New Delhi.UNIT 5: ORGANIC SPECTROSCOPY UV . Organic Chemistry. (1996). splitting of signals .Fieser rules . Advanced Organic Chemistry.types of electronic transitions . ketone. Organic Chemistry. Organic Chemistry. n .conjugation. NMR spectrum of EtOH. (6th edition) England.factors affecting the frequency absorption .principle . Sultam Chand and Co.Hill International Book Company (1986) 5.shielded and deshielded protons. 2. 27 . IR spectroscopy . 3rd edition. Houghton Mifflin Co. Organic Spectroscopy. (4th edition) New York. NMR spectroscopy . alcohol. ELBS.N. addison Wesley Longman Ltd.calculation of λmax : dienes and α. William Kemp. Arun Bahl.propyl bromide and isopropyl bromide.number and types of fundamental vibrations .T. (2004) 6.TMS.. Pine S. Finar I. Boyd R.. Books for Reference : 1.. Bahl B. New York. β unsaturated carbonyls. (4th edition) New Delhi.solvent effects on λ max Woodward .

Onsager equation for strong electrolytes. 28 . Ostwald’s dilution law .standard electrode potentials .reversible and irreversible cells.determination of strong electrolytes and acids.Core Course XIII : PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY II UNIT 1: ELECTRICAL CONDUCTANCE : Electrical transport and conducatnce in metal and in electrolytic solution. Types of reversible electrodes .ionic mobility.calculation of thermodynamic quantities of cell reactions (∆G. Valency of ion. evidence for ionic atmosphere. UNIT 2: ELECTROCHEMICAL CELLS Electrolytic & galvanic cells . metal/insoluble salt/ anion and redox electrodes. Kohlrausch’s law and its applications.reference electrodes . using Kohlraush’s bridge.M.F and single electrode potential.F.Nernst equation – derivation of cell. ∆S and K). determination of solubility product of a sparingly soluble salt.computation of E.liquid junction potential. The elementary treatment of the Debye – Huckel. common ion effect.M. conductometric titrations. E.M. determination by Hittorf’s method and moving boundary method application of conductance measurements .Falkenhagen effect). concentration and E. Arrhenius theory of electrolytic dissociation and its limitation. representation of electrochemical cells.F. The conductance at high fields (Wein effect) and high frequencies (Debye . conventional Electromotive force of a cell and its measurement.specific conductance and equivalent conductance.gas/metal ion . concentration cell with and without transport. variation of equivalent conductance with concentrationmigration of ion.electrochemical series and its significance. weak and strong electrolyte according to Arrhenius theory. ∆H.standard hydrogen electrode .Nernst equation. Determination of Ka of acids. Transport number & Hittorfs rule.solubility product and activity co-efficient.applications and limitation.application of Gibbs Helmholtz equation. application of EMF of concentration cells. electrode reactions . measurement of equivalent conductance.sign convention .metal/metal ion.

Determination of force constant. fundamental bands.determination of pKa of acids by potentiometric method. photo sensitization and quenching.applications.radiative and non . calculation of inter .Lambert – Beer.theory of electronic spectroscopy . dissociation energy and force constant. H2-Br2 and H2-I2 reactions. UV visible spectroscopy : conditions . photo chemical reactions .population inversion and optical pumping. condition for a molecule to be active in microwave region.Franck . and selection rules for rotational transition. Group theory: symmetry elements and symmetry operation-group postulates and types of groups-Abelian and non Abelian.Jablonski diagram. Corrosion .nuclear distance in diatomic molecules. selection rules for vibrational transition. quantum efficiency. rotational constants (B).Condon principle – pre dissociation .passivity . Infrared spectroscopy : Vibrations of diatomic molecules . Grothus . S2) .The regions of various types of spectra. C3V ) and C2R .R branches.Q.harmonic and anharmonic oscillators. Fluorescence.prevention of corrosion.P. 29 . laws of photo chemistry . phosphorescence and chemiluminescence. overtones and hot bands. diatomic vibrating rotator . zero point energy.kinetics of H2-Cl2. UNIT 3: PHOTO CHEMISTRY AND GROUP THEORY Consequences of light absorption . Determination of pH using hydrogen and quinhydrone electrodes. Laser and uses of lasers . Microwave spectroscopy: Rotational spectra of diatomic molecules treated as rigid rotator. C3) Sn (S1.rate law .symmetry operation of H2O molecule-illustration of group postulates using symmetry operations of H2O molecule-construction of multiplication table for the operation of H2O molecule-point group-definition –elements (symmetry operations) of the following point groups: Cn (C2. Frequency of spectral lines.radiative transitions.Potentiometric titrations. comparison between thermal and photochemical reactions.general and electrochemical theory . group theory and optical activity UNIT 4: SPECTROSCOPY I Electromagnetic spectrum . C1V ( C2V. condition for molecule to be active in the IR region.types of electronic transitions .Draper and Stark Einstein.

Elements of physical Chemistry.R.. Macmillan.C.R. Tata Mc Graw Hill.. Stokes and antistokes lines in Raman spectra. 5. 3. Delhi. condition for a molecule to be Raman active. 30 . Pradeeps. NMR spectroscopy : Nuclear spin and conditions for a molecule to give rise to NMR spectrum.K. Thermodynamics for students of chemistry.. δ and τ scales. Maron S. Principles of Physical Chemistry.. and Lewis D. Rajaram and Keeriacose. quantum theory of Raman effect. equivalent and non equivalent protons. Raman frequency.S and Jainhar S. chemical shift. Pradeep publications Jalandhur. macmillan 4.B. Physical Chemistry.structural determination from Raman and IR spectroscopy. Jain D. number of NMR signals. de-shielding. shielding. Books for Reference : 1.spin coupling. and Lando J. Peak area and number of protons. New (1988). Vishal publishing company. 6.. Physical chemistry. rule of mutual exclusion.P. Principles and problems.. and Pathania B. 2.UNIT 5: SPECTROSCOPY II Raman spectroscopy : Rayleigh scattering and Raman scattering. comparison of Raman and IR spectra. Khterpal S. Splitting of NMR signals . Puri B. Volume I & II. Fundamentals of Physical Chemistry. Glasstone S.spin . position of NMR signals.H.theory of NMR spectra. Sharma L.V. (2004).

LPG and biogas.rate of disintegration .Schotty and Frenkel defects. applications of nuclear science in agriculture and medicine.detection and separation .liquid drop .manufacture of N-P-K and mixed fertilizers .isobars isotones and isomers.N/P ratio. UNIT 2: NUCLEAR CHEMISTRY II Radioactivity – discovery.composition of nucleus and nuclear forces (meson field theory). producer gas.composition and preparation of water gas.fission and fusion nuclear reactors. BF3.symmetry elements .deviation of atomic weights from whole numbers .safety matches. laws of radioactivity . CO2.group theories and its applications .varieties of coal and petroleum . UNIT 5: ENVIRONMENTAL CHEMISTORY 31 . NH3) UNIT 4: INDUSTRIAL INORGANIC CHEMISTRY Fossil fuels . CdI2 and NiH2 .carbon dating .symmetry operations mathematical group multiplication tables .half life and average life.use of projectiles . fire works and explosives .micronutrients and their role in plant life. Fertilizers .Major Based Elective II : Nuclear and Industrial Chemistry UNIT 1: NUCLEAR CHEMISTRY I Introduction . natural gas.manufacturing details paints and varnishes . detection and measurements.nuclear reactions .mass defect .petroleum refineries in India.rock dating . Wurzite. magic numbers nuclear models .fuel gases calorific value .radioactive waste disposal.Isotopes . semi water gas. H2O.crystal defects .shell and collective model . UNIT 3: INORGANIC SOLID STATE CHEMISTRY Radius ratio rule its application in determination of structure of solids like Zones.nuclear stability . group displacement law . HCl. anti-fluorite.point group of simple molecules (H2. carburetted water gas.binding energy .manufacture and uses.packing fraction .radio active series nuclear transformation . fluorite.

cement.D. Soni P.global warming. S. concise Inorganic Chemistry ELBS edition.D. Text book of Inorganic Chemistry. S..green house effect .R. water and air pollution . Books for Reference : 1.K.L.ozone hole .R. soban Lal Nagin Chand & Co. Puri B..Chand & Co. Principles of Inorganic Chemistry. New Delhi (2006) 32 . Satyaprakash.D. S.. and Madan. Basu.. effluents and their treatment from various industries like dyeing.Soil.] Advanced Inorganic chemistry (vol I & II ). 4. Chand. tannery and distillery units. 3. New Delhi (2006) 2. R.acid rain ..control measures . Lee J. Tuli. and Sharma L. G.

Polymer degradation. coordination step polymerization Polyaddition and polycondensation. Basic idea of thermal. Copolymers. elastomers and fibers. macrostructures and applications (thermosetting and thermoplastics) Distinction among plastics.chain polymerization. Classification of polymers on the basis of microstructures. free radical. Homo and heteropolymers.miscellaneous ring-opening & group transfer polymerization. Molecular weights and degree of polymerization. Polymer Chemistry 2. Food Chemistry 3. Reactions : hydrolysis . Molecular weight of polymers: number average. sedimentation and viscosity average molecular weights. Metirial Chemistry and Nano Technolagy 1. ionic. Importance of Tg. Chemistry of polymerization. (15Hrs) UNIT 2 : PHYSICAL PROPERTIES AND REACTIONS OF POLYMERS Properties : Glass transition temperature (Tg) – Definition – Factors affecting Tgrelationships between Tg and molecular weight and melting point. Polymer Chemistry UNIT 1 : INTRODUCTION TO POLYMERS : Importance of polymers : basic concept-monomers and polymers-definition. photo and oxidative degradation of polymers UNIT 3 : POLYMERIZATION TECHNIQUES AND PROCESSING 33 .hydrogenation – addition – substitutions-cross-liking vulcanization and cyclisations reaction. weight average.Major based Elective III Any one of the following courses : 1.

melt condensation and interfacial polycondensation polymerizations. (Kevlar).R... Text book of polymer science. Viswanathan N. John Wiley and Sons.. polyesters. Food Chemistry 34 .. Conducting polymers-carbon Fibers. rotational casting –compression. Injection moulding. properties and uses of the following Polymers: Teflon. and Yadav M.Polymerisation techniques : Bulk. rubber –styrene and neoprene rubbers. B. Arora M. Polymer Chemistry.G. (15Hrs) UNIT 4 : CHEMISTRY OF COMMERCIAL POLYMERS General methods of preparation. 1978. New Delhi. 2. 1989. suspension.. polyurethanes. 3. 1989. PVC.S. anmol Publications Private Ltd. Jr. Books for Reference : 1. polystyrene. epoxy resins. Wiley Eastern Ltd.V. 2nd Revised edition. Polymer Chemistry. polyamides. (basic idea only). 2. PAN. Polymer processing: Calendering –die casting. 1984.W. High temperature and fire- resistant polymers. Sharma. Silicones. Polymer Science. solution. New Delhi. emulsion.. (15Hrs) TEXT BOOK : Billmeyer F. Goel Publishing House. polycarbonates. and Jayader Sreedhar. Meerut. polymethylmethacrylate.. Gowariker V. Polymers in medical field.K. Singh M. Polyethylene. Phenol – formaldehydes and urea-formaldehyde resins (15Hrs) UNIT 5 : ADVANCES IN POLYMERS Biopolymers-biomaterials.

with clay stones. advantages and disadvantages. Rice. UNIT 2 : FOOD POISON Food poisons – natural poisons (alkaloids – nephrotoxing) – pesticides. (15Hrs) UNIT 4 : BEVERAGES : Beverages – Soft drinks – soda – fruit juices – alcoholic beverages examples. aldehydes and heterocyclic compound. Milk. Estimation of iodine and RM values in edible oils.ghee adulterants and their detection.UNIT 1 : FOOD ADULTERATION : Sources of food. Butter etc. Baking powder yeast – taste makers – MSG vinegar. Food flavours –esters. water and toxic chemicals – Common adulterants. . Food colours – nestricte use spurious colours – Emulsifying agents – preservatives learning agents. Alial. BHC. Books for Reference : 35 . (DDT. Malathion) – Chemical poisons – first aid for poison consumed victims. saponification values and their significance. Saturated and unsaturated fatty acids – iodine value – role of MUFA and PUFA in preventing heart diseases – determination of iodine value and RM value. . Food adulteration – contamination of Wheat. Detection of adultered food by simple analytic techniques. types. Oils.Sources of oils – production of refined vegetable oils – preservation. Carbonation – addiction to alcohol – cirrhosis of liver and social problems. (15Hrs) UNIT 3 : FOOD ADDITIVES Food additives –artificial sweetners – saccharin – cyclomate and aspartate. UNIT 5: EDIBLE OILS : Fats.

Chand & Co. Electrochemical cell – principles – batteries. Jayashree Ghosh. semiconductors – Inorganic solids – colour. Swaminathan M. electric materials: examples – applications of ferroelectries. Insulating Materials: Classification on the basis of temperature – Blymer insulating materials and ceramic insulating materials.1. magnetic and optical properties.. Thanlamma Jacob.Material Chemistry and Nanotechnology UNIT 1: IONIC CONDUCTIVITY AND SOLID ELECTROLYTES : Types of ionic crystals – alkali halides – silver chloride-alkali earth fluovider –simple stoichiometric oxides. Electronic properties and band theory. (15h) Ferro 36 . Publishers. luminescence (15h) UNIT 2 : MAGNETIC MATERIALS Introduction – types of magnetic materials – diamagnetism – paramagnetism. Macmillan. Ferrites : Preparation and their applications in microwave –floppy disk – magnetic bibble memory and applications. Types of ionic conductors – halide ion conductors – oxide ion conductors – solid electrolytes – applications of solid electrolytes. Food Science and Experimental foods. Ganesh and Company. text books of applied chemistry for home science and allied science. 3. 2. sensors and fuel cells – crystal defects in solids – line and plane defects – point defects schottky and frenkel defects. Fundamental concepts of appliced chemistry. ferromagnetism. 3. S. metals.

Biomaterials : Introduction –metals and alloys in biomaterials –ceramic biomaterials. 2. 3. Printice Hall (India) Ltd. West. Raghavan V. properties and applications. composite biomaterials-polymer biomaterials.. (15h) Books for Reference : 1. A. john wiley & Sons(1989). Solidstate chemistry and its applications.. Klabunde. Shape memory alloys: introduction – examples – application of SMA – advantages and disadvantages.R. (15h) UNIT 4: NANOPHASE MATERIALS : Introduction – techniques for synthesis of nanophase materials –sol-gel synthsis-electrodeposition –inert gas condensation-mechanical alloying – properties of nanophase mateials –applications of nanophase materials. Nanoscale materials in chemistry. (2001). composite materials: Introduction –types. Kenneth J. (15h) UNIT 5: NANO TECHNOLOGY Introduction –importance –various stages of nanotechnology –nanotube technology –nanoparticles –fullerenes-nanodendrimers –nanopore channels. Aathony R. 37 . fibres and scaffolds – CVD dismond technology –FCVA technology and its applications – nanoimaging techniques. Publication.UNIT 3 : MODERN ENGINEERING MATERIALS : Metallic glasses – introduction –composition. Materials Science and Engineering. John Wiley and Sons Inc.