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เอกสารประกอบการสอนทางไกลผานดาวเทียม วิชาภาษาอังกฤษ ชั้นมัธยมศึกษาปที่ 3

Present Continuous
FORM [am/is/are + present participle] Examples:
• • •

You are watching TV. Are you watching TV? You are not watching TV.

Complete List of Present Continuous Forms USE 1 Now

Use the Present Continuous with Normal Verbs to express the idea that something is happening now, at this very moment. It can also be used to show that something is not happening now. Examples:
• • • • •

You are learning English now. You are not swimming now. Are you sleeping? I am sitting. I am not standing.

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• • • • •

Is he sitting or standing? They are reading their books. They are not watching television. What are you doing? Why aren't you doing your homework?

USE 2 Longer Actions in Progress Now

In English, "now" can mean: this second, today, this month, this year, this century, and so on. Sometimes, we use the Present Continuous to say that we are in the process of doing a longer action which is in progress; however, we might not be doing it at this exact second. Examples: (All of these sentences can be said while eating dinner in a restaurant.)
• • • • • •

I am studying to become a doctor. I am not studying to become a dentist. I am reading the book Tom Sawyer. I am not reading any books right now. Are you working on any special projects at work? Aren't you teaching at the university now?

If the base form ends in a single e. add –ing to the base form of the verb. live-living write-writing 3. drop the e and add –ing (exception: be-being). change ie to y and add -ing die-dying lie-lying . sleep – sleeping talk – talking 2. If the base form ends in ie. I am not going to the party tonight.3 USE 3 Near Future Sometimes. speakers use the Present Continuous to indicate that something will or will not happen in the near future. For most verbs. Examples: • • • • I am meeting some friends after work. Is he visiting his parents next weekend? Isn't he coming with us tonight? Spelling of Verbs Ending in – ing 1.

. skate ………………………………. Do not double the final consonants x. 1.. admit – admitting develop – developing begin – beginning listen – listening 6. Do not double the final consonant if the stress is not on the final syllable. fix – fixing plow – plowing obey-obeying Make the ing form of the verbs. 3. 6. double the final consonant only if the stress in on the final syllable.. . 5. If the base form of a one-syllable verb ends with a single vowel + consonant.. 4.. watch ………………………. If the base form of a verb with two or more syllables ends in a single vowel + consonant. die …………………………………. come ……………………………….) hit – hitting stop – stopping 5.4 4. w. and y. double the final consonant and add –ing (Compare two vowel + consonant: eat – eating.. hold …………………………. smile ………………………… 2.

10. 1.. I’m making a lot of noise. 23.. We are waiting in the right place. 5. ski …………………………… 20. 2. 1... It is snowing ……………………………………. travel ………………………………. speak ………………………… 8. …………………………………... run ………………………………….. .. eat …………………………… 18. ……………………………………… ... Practice Exercise 1: Change the statements into questions. 24. sit. live ………………………….Am I making a lot of noise?.... have ………………………… 13.. ……………………………………… 3. meet …………………………. 17... 12. Exercise 2: Change the statements into negative sentences.5 7. stop …………………………. 9. 22. Clare is reading.. listen ………………………………. 4. wear ………………………………… 21. …………………………………….. ……………………………………... You are watching the news... go …………………………… 16.. lie …………………………………… 19. You’re listening to me. 15. chew ………………………………... talk ………………………………… 11.. chat …………………………. take ………………………………… 14..

We’re talking. ……………………………………… ……………………………………… ……………………………………… ……………………………………. Exercise 3: Look at the pictures and write sentences.6 2. They are waiting for us. 4. .. Katherine is lying. 3. Tim is studying. 5. 6. You are writing. …………………………………….

7 Exercise 4: What are they saying? .

............. run up the steps............... sandwich. motorcycle Exercise :i ………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………… Exercise ii ...... cigarette. pipe. shopping bag............. ice cream............. run down the steps umbrella....... wash... smoke.......8 Exercise 5: Word Bank carry............................. eat....... .........

................9 ………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………….. and Ed is doing some photocopying... Write the names in the picture..................................... and Sam and Carla are looking at some posters............. Lillian is talking on the phone at the moment...................................... Benny is reading a report. . .... Bruce and Loretta are working on their computers........................................ Exercise 6: Present continuous Who is who in the office? Read about the people................................................................

You’re coming to the cinema tonight? ……………………………………………………… 3. I playing tennis with my best friend. …………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………… 3. …… I’m playing tennis with my best friend. ………………………………………………………. ….10 What are they doing in the office? Ask and answer. 4. 1.. he isn’t.. He’s reading a report. …………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………… Exercise 7: Correct each sentence or question. Bruce and Loretta/ talk/ on the phone? 3. Is Emma and Katy flying to American? . Lillian/ read/ a report? 5. John and Mandy don’t going to the beach. 2. …………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………… 5. ….Is Benny working on his computer?. Sam and Carla/ look/ at some posters? 1. …. …………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………… 4. ……… 2. Benny/ work/ on his computer? 2. No. Ed/do/ some photocopying? 4. 1.

Dear Jim. computer games. They are called state verb(stative verbs.are having…. Susan(7) (make) …………………. 5. television. 6. I(4) (watch) ………………. .. It (2) (rain) ……………………………. Tom and Peter (5) (play) ……………….11 ………………………………………………………. Put the verbs in brackets into the present continuous. .) The verbs that can be used in the Continuous Tense are called action verbs (dynamic verbs). We not studying French at school this year. All the best. Exercise 8: Complete this letter. I want to go home. The baby (8) (cry) ………………………... My sister is walk on the beach now.. ………………………………………………………. because they describe rather state than and action. George English Action and State verbs In English language there are verbs that are not normally used in the Continuous Tense. . A terrible holiday. We (1) (have) . ………………………………………………………. Alice (6) (read) …………………………. non-progressive verbs. a book. I (3) (sit) ……………… in the hotel. 7. a cup of coffee. What’s that noise? The dog is outside? ……………………………………………………….

think = mental process. own I am having my lunch now.12 Stative Verbs love hate like see hear sound think (meaning “have and opinion”) recognize seem have (meaning “own”) prefer Dynamic Verbs eat drink go type read write listen speak watch say grow work Here are some a few verbs that can be both state and action verbs depending on their meaning. think = believe I am thinking about my mum now. have = possess. have = eat . I have two cars. I think you made a mistake.

a) Why are you smelling the soup? b) Why do you smell the soup? a) She was feeling his arm on her shoulder. b) She felt his arm on her shoulder. I am tasting corn soup. I am smelling that rose. 3. use the Present Continuous tense. 4. The rose smells good. see = understand I fell cool today She is felling the silk. a) Are you having an English dictionary? b) Do you have an English dictionary? a) What are you thinking about? b) What do you think about? . 1. 2. see = meeting with I see what you mean. Exercise 9: Choose the correct form of the verb depending on whether in this meaning it is an action or a state verb. That corn soup tastes good.13 I am seeing my friend to tomorrow evening. If both the Present Continuous and the Present Simple tenses are possible.

a) This bread is tasting funny. Exercise 10: Complete the sentences.. a) I am feeling much better today. b) I can't hear you.(do) my homework. Mrs. 6. 10. (you/know) my friend? 8. My parents ……………………… (love) their old cat. Use the present simple or the present continuous. ………………………………. 3.(own) an export company.(watch) TV a the moment.. I ……………………………. b) I feel much better today. 9. 7. a) What are you thinking of me? b) What do you think of me? a) I am feeling we should go home now. . 4. 1 I …like… (like) this photograph. Emily …………………….14 5. a) What are you looking at? b) What do you look at? a) I am not hearing you. Reed ……………. ………………………………. b) I feel we should go home now. b) This bread tastes funny. I can’t go out now. (you/go) home now? 7. 5. 2. 8. ……………………………… (you/want) a coffee? 6.

……………………… 4. What is this word meaning? 6. Are you studying at the moment? 3. 5. Are you enjoying yourself? 9.15 Exercise 11: There are mistakes in some of these sentences. .. I think life is wonderful. I think about you every day. ……………………………… 10. 6. …………………. I’m hating cold weather.30 ……………………. I hate 2. 9. 3. ……………………………. What are you thinking about? ……………………… 7. …………………. This car isn’t belonging to me. 1. Tony has a sister. 11. They’re having a game of chess. 10. __NA__ 2. Tony is waiting outside. They have dinner at about 7. They have a new car. Are you believing me? 4. You’re seeming very happy. ………………… 5. Tony has a good job. 8. Find the mistakes and correct them. 1. Tony has a shower every morning. I’m preferring jazz to pop music. 7. ………………………. Tony is having a shower now. How are you feeling? Exercise 12: Are these actions (A) or not actions (NA)? 1. Exercise 13: Choose the correct answer. 8. I listen/ I’m listening to the radio every morning. I’m seeing a dog in the garden..

She has/She’s having a brother and two sisters. . I work as an accountant. often. She has/She’s having breakfast.16 2. How many languages do you speak/are you speaking? Do you like/Are you liking this music? The Present Continuous and Present Simple Tenses 1. 6. 7. Usually we have dinner at 7. Jill is in the kitchen. o We use the Present Continuous tense to speak about things which are happening now or things which are temporary. How often do you play tennis? o Compare how these two tenses are used. usually.for example. 4. John doesn't know German. Why are you walking to work? Don't you usually go by bus? I live in Kharkiv. She often has/She’s often having yoghurt for breakfast. Permanent (usual) and Temporary (now. 3. I am on holiday. always. Who are you phoning? o The Present Simple tense describes usual. I am not working now. but today we are having it at 9. but now I am living in Moscow. 5. Be quiet! I listen/ I’m listening to the radio. never. around now) actions. repeated and permanent things . Sally is listening to a new CD. sometimes.

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It’s 10. So Suzanne _____________ (9) a lot of time teaching English. All the children in her class ________(7) form Canberra. She ___________ (5) at a school in Canberra. Australia. She __________ (3) home at 8. Many of the children ___________ (8) English at home. Suzanne Wells is in her kitchen at home. . It’s 7.30am.30am every day and __________(4) to work.00am now and Suzanne is at school. She _________(2) breakfast at this time every morning. Use the present continuous or the present simple.18 Exercise 15: Complete the sentences. She’s having____ (1) breakfast. She ___________(10) English to the class now. Suzanne is a teacher. At the moment she __________ (6) her class of 8-year-old children.

The River Nile __________________ (flow) into the Mediterranean.19 Exercise 16: Present Simple or Present Continuous Put the verb into the correct form. I __________________ (study). I __________________ (not/belong) to a political party. . 3. 2. How many languages __________________ (Tom speak). Use either the present simple or the present continuous. 10. We usually __________________ (grow) vegetables in our garden. The river __________________ (flow) very fast today — much faster than usual. __________________ (it/ever/snow) in India? 8. Please don't make so much noise. I __________________ (not/need) it at the moment. but I __________________ (learn). A: Can you drive? B: No. 5. Hurry! The bus __________________ (come). 6. My father __________________ (teach) me. 1. I __________________ (not/want) to miss it. 9. 4. but this year we __________________ (not/grow) any. You can borrow my umbrella. 7.

years old but I __________________ (not/believe) him. The economic situation is already bad and it __________________ (get/worse). 20. 12. 17. 16. George says he's 80. until she finds somewhere to live. (at a party) I usually __________________ (enjoy) parties but I __________________ (not/enjoy) this one very much. What __________________ (it/mean)? 19. Where __________________ (your/parents/live)? 15. but he __________________ (not/work) at the moment. . They were born there and have never lived anywhere else. 14. 13. A: What __________________ (your father/do)? B: He's a teacher. She __________________ (stay) with her sister at the moment. My parents __________________ (live) in Bristol. He is still ill but he __________________ (get/better) slowly.20 11. He usually __________________ (stay) at the Hilton Hotel when he's in London. I don't understand the word 'aint'. What time __________________ (the banks/close) in Britain? 18. He __________________ (stay) at the Hilton Hotel. Ron is in London at the moment.

(= I have arranged to meet a friend.21 Present Continuous for the future .We can use the present continuous to talk about the future: Look at David’s diary for next week. (= He has got and appointment with the doctor. Then on Friday evening he’s having dinner with Monica. He’s going to the doctor’s on Wednesday afternoon. I’m meeting a friend this evening. ‘What is David doing next week?’ ‘He’s playing basketball on Monday evening.) What are you doing next weekend? (= What have you arranged to do?) .’ .) David is going to the doctor’s next Wednesday.We use the present continuous for something that we have already arranged to do in the future.

22 Exercise 17: 1. Where is she going? …………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………… .

What are the arrangements for the school trip tomorrow? 1. I’m being back in a moment. I’ll to have a good rest! 3. 1. 3. We’ll meet outside the front entrance at 8. I have a good rest! 2. Sorry. Where are you going? I want to talk to you. 2. What are your plans for the holidays? 1. I’m going to have a good rest! 3. Sorry. 2. 1. Are you free tomorrow night? 1.30. Exercise 18: Choose the most suitable ending to complete each conversation. We’ve met outside the front entrance at 8.23 …………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………… Present Continuous : Future Use. We’re meeting outside the front entrance at 8.30. . I’m going to be back in a moment. I’m going to the cinema with Peter. 2. Sorry. I’ll be back in a moment. 4.30. 3. 3. 2. I’m go to the cinema with Peter. I’ll going to the cinema with Peter.

’ ‘Don’t worry.’ a) I’ll help b) I’m helping 3. He…… in fifteen minutes. The doctor is on his way. I leaving on Wednesday afternoon. a) will be here b) is being 7. Are you going to be here on Thursday? 1. Yes. No. 6. I’m leave on Wednesday afternoon. Yes. Exercise 19:Choose the most suitable word or phrase for each space. …………. 1.?’ a) are playing b) are going to play 5. . What …. a) will help b) are going to play 6. you. I’ve going to the doctor’s tomorrow. 3. a) will have b) is going to have 8. Good news. 3.a baby. No. I went to the doctor’s tomorrow. Does your leg still hurt? 1. .24 5... No. ‘Do you want to come to a football match on Saturday?’ ‘Which teams ………. ‘Do you have any plans for your birthday?’ ‘Yes. ‘I need some help with the shopping tomorrow. a party.. 2. 2. Some of the children ……….B. Don’t carry all those heavy books. I’m leaving on Wednesday afternoon. Ann …………. I’m sorry I can’t come to the lesson tomorrow..’ a) I’ll have b) I’m having 2. Yes. …. when you go on holiday? a) will you do b) are you going to do 4.. my dad is hospital. a) I’ll visit b) I’m visiting . I’m going to the doctor’s tomorrow.

f) I can’t answer the phone. Mehmet. a month in France.is spending…. b) Hurry up.. Have you said goodbye to him? . Anything on Friday? Do you want to come to a party? d) Helen (read) ……………………. a) Next summer Kate (spend) . g) What (you do) …………………… later? Do you want to come for a walk? h) David (leave) ………………………. e) We (go) …………………….for you.. c) (you do) ……………………….25 Exercise 20: Complete each sentence with the present continuous form of the verb in brackets. Tomorrow. to the cinema this evening. In bed at the moment. Then tick (/) the sentences which refer to the future. Everyone (wait) ……………. I (have) …………………… a bath.