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1. The first use of convulsive therapy for the treatment of a psychiatric disorder in modern times is attributed to A.

Ladislaus von Meduna B. A. E. Bennett C. Egas Moniz D. Kurt Schneider Answer Key 2. The first therapeutic use of electrically induced seizures in the treatment of mental disorders is related to A. Harold Sackeim B. Luigi Bini and Ugo Cerletti C. D. Goldman D. G. Holmberg and S. Thesieff Answer Key 3. The sequece of administration of medications in anesthesia for ECT is: A. Atropine---thiopentone/methohexitol---succinylcholine B. Succinylcholine---atropine---thiopentone/methohexitol C. Atracurium---succinylcholine---atropine D. Atropine--- succinylecholine---thiopentone/methohexitol Answer Key 4. As per the current evidence, which statement is NOT correct? A. Bilateral ECT is superior in efficacy to unilateral ECT. B. Unilateral ECT is more likely to cause cognitive deficits. C. Brief-pulse ECT delivery is associated with decreased cognitive deficits. D. Unilateral ECT is administered to the non-dominant hemisphere Answer Key 5. Which of the following drugs is associated with lower seizure thresholds when

What is considered as the gold standard for confirmation of seizure in ECT? A. Occipital D.000 . Benzodiazepines D. D'Elia position Answer Key 8. Bifrontotemporal B. Lithium B. 30 to 90 seconds D. Electromyogram (EMG) D. What is the best accepted placement of electrodes in unilateral ECT? A. 5 to 10 seconds C. Cuff method B. Galvanic Skin Response (GSR) Answer Key 9.administering ECT? A. What is the minimum seizure duration required for effectiveness of ECT? A. Anticonvulsants C. Electroencephalography (EEG) C. Barbiturates Answer Key 6. 1 to 3 seconds B. What is the average mortality rate with ECT (modified)? A. 180 to 200 seconds Answer Key 7. Paritotemporal C. 3-4 per 100.

00 Answer Key 10.000 C. Millicoulombs (mC) B. High-dose ECT C. 10-20 per 10. A younger age group Answer Key 11. Administration of an anticonvulsant 30 minutes before ECT Answer Key 13. overnight fast D. Pre-ECT investigations C. Sine wave ECT B. 50-60 per 1000. Informed consent in writing B. Which is the best unit for quantification of ECT stimuli? A. Existing CNS disease D. Morning bath. Premedication with an anticholinergic agent E. Watts D. Factors predisposing to postictal confusional state include.B. The most common indication of ECT is: .000 D. Joules C. cleaning the oil from the head. Volt Answer Key 12. Multiple ECT E. all EXCEPT: A. 10-25 per 100. Which of the following is NOT a recommended preparation for ECT procedure? A.

B 5. Dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC) C. Obsessive compulsive disorder Answer Key . A 14. A 2. E 3. B 13. Major depression Answer Key 14. Temporal– parietal regions of the cortex B. B 7. E 15. A 8. Paranoid schizophrenia D. Schizophrenia B. D 12. A 1. A 10. The most persistent adverse effect of ECT is A.D 4. Hypertension Answer Key ANSWER KEY 1. Generalized Anxiety Disorder C.A. C 11. rTMS is found to have antidepressant properties when applied to A. Occipital cortex D. Seizures D. Parieto-occipital cortex Answer Key 15. Retrograde amnesia B. Fractures C. Manic episodes D. A 6. B 9. Simple schizophrenia C. Which of the following conditions is known to have the best response to ECT? A. Depression with suicidal tendancy B.

Dementia C. Best response to ECT is seen in A. All are true Answer Key 4. Which of the following component is least important in ECT? A. Which of the following is TRUE about electroconvulsive therapy? A. Voltage and amperage of current B. Simple schizophrenia E. Contraindicated in brain tumor B. Treatment of major depression D. Duration of current D. Dehydration B. Which of the following parameters is TRUE about ECT? . AC or DC current C. The commonest side effect of ECT is A. Hebiphreniac Schizophrenia D. Requires more than 70 volts C. Fractures Answer Key 3. Residual schizophrenia Answer Key 5. Catatonic schizophrenia B. Interval and type of therapy Answer Key 6. Amnesia D. Paranoid schizophrenia C.2.

01 seconds C. 0. Udvantages of unilateral ECT include A. Absolute contraindication for ECT is A. 40-60 volts. 90-120 volts.3 seconds D.A. Use of succinylecholine in ECT is A. Less number of treatments D. Less amnesia B. High voltage current C. Pregnancy B. 80-90 volts. 2 seconds B. 3 minutes Answer Key 7. More prefferable in schizophrenua C. Raised intracranial pressure Answer Key 9. Old gae D. Lactation C. Safer than curare . Rapid improvement D. Which of the following characteristics is associated with unilateral ECT? A. 0. More effective than bilateral ECT B. 120-150 volts. Less confusion and amnesia Answer Key 10. Effective in schizophrenia Answer Key 8.

C 11. All are true Answer Key 11. May cause prolonged apnea C. B 10. C 7. D 8. Less memory disturbance is seen with A. D 5. D . A 6. A 9. B 2.B. Reduces possibility of fractures D. Modified ECT Answer Key ANSWER KEY 1. D 4. Unilateral ECT C. A 3. Bilateral ECT B. Direct ECT D.